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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27905642/-application-of-a-social-capital-scale-in-older-women-attending-public-primary-care-clinics
#1
Estela Arcos, Ximena Sánchez, Christine Bailey, Luis González, Antonia Vollrath, Luz Angélica Muñoz
BACKGROUND: Social capital is an economical idea that refers to connections between individuals and entities that can be economically valuable. AIM: To establish the relationship of social capital as a health care asset, with sociodemographic variables of older women attending public health care services. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Chen’s Personal Social Capital scale was applied to 113 women aged between 64 and 80 years during 2014. Cronbach’s alpha of the instrument was calculated...
August 2016: Revista Médica de Chile
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27889888/characteristics-of-ash-and-particle-emissions-during-bubbling-fluidised-bed-combustion-of-three-types-of-residual-forest-biomass
#2
João Peres Ribeiro, Estela Domingos Vicente, Célia Alves, Xavier Querol, Fulvio Amato, Luís A C Tarelho
Combustion of residual forest biomass (RFB) derived from eucalypt (Eucalyptus globulus), pine (Pinus pinaster) and golden wattle (Acacia longifolia) was evaluated in a pilot-scale bubbling fluidised bed reactor (BFBR). During the combustion experiments, monitoring of temperature, pressure and exhaust gas composition has been made. Ash samples were collected at several locations along the furnace and flue gas treatment devices (cyclone and bag filter) after each combustion experiment and were analysed for their unburnt carbon content and chemical composition...
November 26, 2016: Environmental Science and Pollution Research International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27882147/molecular-profiling-of-a-simple-rat-model-of-open-tibial-fractures-with-hematoma-and-periosteum-disruption
#3
Jose Rafael Villafan-Bernal, Lorenzo Franco-De La Torre, Ana Soledad Sandoval-Rodriguez, Juan Armendariz-Borunda, Juan Luis Alcala-Zermeno, Jose Alfonso Cruz-Ramos, Gabriela Lopez-Armas, Blanca Estela Ramirez-Bastidas, Gracia Viviana González-Enríquez, Emerson Armando Collazo-Guzman, Raigam Jafet Martinez-Portilla, Sergio Sánchez-Enríquez
Bone fractures are a worldwide public health concern. Therefore, improving understanding of the bone healing process at a molecular level, which could lead to the discovery of potential therapeutic targets, is important. In the present study, a model of open tibial fractures with hematoma disruption, periosteal rupture and internal fixation in 6-month-old male Wistar rats was established, in order to identify expression patterns of key genes and their protein products throughout the bone healing process. A tibial shaft fracture was produced using the three-point bending technique, the hematoma was drained through a 4-mm incision on the medial aspect of the tibia and the fracture stabilized by inserting a needle into the medullary canal...
November 2016: Experimental and Therapeutic Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27880969/the-prevalence-of-cruciate-ligament-and-meniscus-knee-injury-in-young-adults-and-associations-with-gender-body-mass-index-and-height-a-large-cross-sectional-study
#4
Ran Thein, Oded Hershkovich, Barak Gordon, Gideon Burstein, Shay Tenebaum, Estela Derazne, Dorit Tzur, Ari Shamis, Arnon Afek, Yitshak Kreiss
Anterior cruciate ligament and meniscal injuries are associated with secondary osteoarthrosis which may lead to functional impairment and economic burden. The prevalence of knee injury has not been studied in depth. Our purpose was to report the prevalence of knee ligament and meniscal injuries and their associations with gender, body mass index (BMI), and height in young adults and to characterize individuals with meniscal injuries who gained full recovery. A cross-sectional, population-based study was conducted...
November 23, 2016: Journal of Knee Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27872633/a-factor-linking-floral-organ-identity-and-growth-revealed-by-characterization-of-the-tomato-mutant-unfinished-flower-development-ufd
#5
Sandra Poyatos-Pertíñez, Muriel Quinet, Ana Ortíz-Atienza, Fernando J Yuste-Lisbona, Clara Pons, Estela Giménez, Trinidad Angosto, Antonio Granell, Juan Capel, Rafael Lozano
Floral organogenesis requires coordinated interactions between genes specifying floral organ identity and those regulating growth and size of developing floral organs. With the aim to isolate regulatory genes linking both developmental processes (i.e., floral organ identity and growth) in the tomato model species, a novel mutant altered in the formation of floral organs was further characterized. Under normal growth conditions, floral organ primordia of mutant plants were correctly initiated, however, they were unable to complete their development impeding the formation of mature and fertile flowers...
2016: Frontiers in Plant Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27869973/-characteristics-of-the-notification-of-violence-against-children-in-the-municipality-of-ribeir%C3%A3-o-preto-s%C3%A3-o-paulo-brazil
#6
Marilurdes Silva Farias, Cesário da Silva Souza, Estela Cristina Carneseca, Afonso Dinis Costa Passos, Elisabeth Meloni Vieira
OBJECTIVE: to describe the cases of violence against children reported in Ribeirão Preto-SP, Brazil. METHODS: this was a descriptive study using data provided by the Violence and Accidents Surveillance System (VIVA), of the Municipal Health Department of Ribeirão Preto-SP, Brazil, from 2006 to 2008. RESULTS: a total of 498 cases of violence against children (0-9 years old) were reported in the period, with an increase in the number of notifications, from 112 in 2006 to 197 in 2008; 79...
October 2016: Epidemiologia e Servicos de Saude: Revista do Sistema Unico de Saude do Brasil
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27869046/latino-mothers-beliefs-about-child-weight-and-family-health
#7
Suzanna M Martinez, Kyung E Rhee, Estela Blanco, Kerri Boutelle
OBJECTIVE: There is a need to address cultural beliefs and parenting practices regarding childhood obesity to design effective weight-control programmes for overweight/obese US Latino children. The purpose of the current study was to explore cultural beliefs about children's weight, understand parent perceptions on feeding their children, and explore barriers that interfere with a healthy lifestyle. DESIGN: Four focus groups were conducted in Spanish with forty-one Latino mothers of elementary school-age children from San Diego County, California between April and May 2011...
November 21, 2016: Public Health Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27867116/automatic-and-rapid-identification-of-glycopeptides-by-nano-uplc-ltq-ft-ms-and-proteomic-search-engine
#8
Estela Giménez, Marina Gay, Marta Vilaseca
: Here we demonstrate the potential of nano-UPLC-LTQ-FT-MS and the Byonic™ proteomic search engine for the separation, detection, and identification of N- and O-glycopeptide glycoforms in standard glycoproteins. The use of a BEH C18 nanoACQUITY column allowed the separation of the glycopeptides present in the glycoprotein digest and a baseline-resolution of the glycoforms of the same glycopeptide on the basis of the number of sialic acids. Moreover, we evaluated several acquisition strategies in order to improve the detection and characterization of glycopeptide glycoforms with the maximum number of identification percentages...
November 17, 2016: Journal of Proteomics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27864945/risk-of-nasopharyngeal-carcinoma-penetrates-across-immigrant-generations-a-migrant-cohort-study-of-2-3-million-jewish-israeli-adolescents
#9
Yakir Rottenberg, Hagai Levine, Lital Keinan-Boker, Estela Derazne, Adi Leiba, Jeremy D Kark
Nasopharyngeal cancer (NPC) incidence varies widely across geographic regions and ethnic groups. We conducted a large-scale migrant cohort study to assess origin and migrant generation as predictors of NPC, controlling for possible confounders. Data on 2.3 million Jewish Israeli adolescents, who underwent a compulsory general health examination at ages 16-19 between the years 1967-2011 were linked to the Israel National Cancer Registry to obtain incident NPC up to 2012. Cox proportional hazards was used to model time to event...
November 16, 2016: International Journal of Cancer. Journal International du Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27861587/cellular-basis-of-pineal-gland-development-emerging-role-of-microglia-as-phenotype-regulator
#10
María P Ibañez Rodriguez, Stephen C Noctor, Estela M Muñoz
The adult pineal gland is composed of pinealocytes, astrocytes, microglia, and other interstitial cells that have been described in detail. However, factors that contribute to pineal development have not been fully elucidated, nor have pineal cell lineages been well characterized. We applied systematic double, triple and quadruple labeling of cell-specific markers on prenatal, postnatal and mature rat pineal gland tissue combined with confocal microscopy to provide a comprehensive view of the cellular dynamics and cell lineages that contribute to pineal gland development...
2016: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27858262/international-clinical-guideline-for-the-management-of-classical-galactosemia-diagnosis-treatment-and-follow-up
#11
Lindsey Welling, Laurie E Bernstein, Gerard T Berry, Alberto B Burlina, François Eyskens, Matthias Gautschi, Stephanie Grünewald, Cynthia S Gubbels, Ina Knerr, Philippe Labrune, Johanna H van der Lee, Anita MacDonald, Elaine Murphy, Pat A Portnoi, Katrin Õunap, Nancy L Potter, M Estela Rubio-Gozalbo, Jessica B Spencer, Inge Timmers, Eileen P Treacy, Sandra C Van Calcar, Susan E Waisbren, Annet M Bosch
Classical galactosemia (CG) is an inborn error of galactose metabolism. Evidence-based guidelines for the treatment and follow-up of CG are currently lacking, and treatment and follow-up have been demonstrated to vary worldwide. To provide patients around the world the same state-of-the-art in care, members of The Galactosemia Network (GalNet) developed an evidence-based and internationally applicable guideline for the diagnosis, treatment, and follow-up of CG. The guideline was developed using the Grading of Recommendations Assessment, Development, and Evaluation (GRADE) system...
November 17, 2016: Journal of Inherited Metabolic Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27857118/lineage-specific-roles-of-the-cytoplasmic-polyadenylation-factor-cpeb4-in-the-regulation-of-melanoma-drivers
#12
Eva Pérez-Guijarro, Panagiotis Karras, Metehan Cifdaloz, Raúl Martínez-Herranz, Estela Cañón, Osvaldo Graña, Celia Horcajada-Reales, Direna Alonso-Curbelo, Tonantzin G Calvo, Gonzalo Gómez-López, Nicolas Bellora, Erica Riveiro-Falkenbach, Pablo L Ortiz-Romero, José L Rodríguez-Peralto, Lorena Maestre, Giovanna Roncador, Juan C de Agustín Asensio, Colin R Goding, Eduardo Eyras, Diego Megías, Raúl Méndez, María S Soengas
Nuclear 3'-end-polyadenylation is essential for the transport, stability and translation of virtually all eukaryotic mRNAs. Poly(A) tail extension can also occur in the cytoplasm, but the transcripts involved are incompletely understood, particularly in cancer. Here we identify a lineage-specific requirement of the cytoplasmic polyadenylation binding protein 4 (CPEB4) in malignant melanoma. CPEB4 is upregulated early in melanoma progression, as defined by computational and histological analyses. Melanoma cells are distinct from other tumour cell types in their dependency on CPEB4, not only to prevent mitotic aberrations, but to progress through G1/S cell cycle checkpoints...
November 18, 2016: Nature Communications
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27856737/global-transformation-of-erythrocyte-properties-via-engagement-of-an-sh2-like-sequence-in-band-3
#13
Estela Puchulu-Campanella, Francesco M Turrini, Yen-Hsing Li, Philip S Low
Src homology 2 (SH2) domains are composed of weakly conserved sequences of ∼100 aa that bind phosphotyrosines in signaling proteins and thereby mediate intra- and intermolecular protein-protein interactions. In exploring the mechanism whereby tyrosine phosphorylation of the erythrocyte anion transporter, band 3, triggers membrane destabilization, vesiculation, and fragmentation, we discovered a SH2 signature motif positioned between membrane-spanning helices 4 and 5. Evidence that this exposed cytoplasmic sequence contributes to a functional SH2-like domain is provided by observations that: (i) it contains the most conserved sequence of SH2 domains, GSFLVR; (ii) it binds the tyrosine phosphorylated cytoplasmic domain of band 3 (cdb3-PO4) with Kd = 14 nM; (iii) binding of cdb3-PO4 to erythrocyte membranes is inhibited both by antibodies against the SH2 signature sequence and dephosphorylation of cdb3-PO4; (iv) label transfer experiments demonstrate the covalent transfer of photoactivatable biotin from isolated cdb3-PO4 (but not cdb3) to band 3 in erythrocyte membranes; and (v) phosphorylation-induced binding of cdb3-PO4 to the membrane-spanning domain of band 3 in intact cells causes global changes in membrane properties, including (i) displacement of a glycolytic enzyme complex from the membrane, (ii) inhibition of anion transport, and (iii) rupture of the band 3-ankyrin bridge connecting the spectrin-based cytoskeleton to the membrane...
November 15, 2016: Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27852040/clinical-validation-of-prospective-liquid-biopsy-monitoring-in-patients-with-wild-type-ras-metastatic-colorectal-cancer-treated-with-folfiri-cetuximab
#14
Rodrigo A Toledo, Antonio Cubillo, Estela Vega, Elena Garralda, Rafael Alvarez, Lisardo U de la Varga, Jesús R Pascual, Gema Sánchez, Francesca Sarno, Susana H Prieto, Sofía Perea, Pedro P Lopéz-Casas, Fernando López-Ríos, Manuel Hidalgo
Cancer genomics and translational medicine rely on the molecular profiling of patient's tumor obtained during surgery or biopsy. Alternatively, blood is a less invasive source of tumor DNA shed, amongst other ways, as cell-free DNA (cfDNA). Highly-sensitive assays capable to detect cancer genetic events from patient's blood plasma became popularly known as liquid biopsy (LqB). Importantly, retrospective studies including small number of selected patients with metastatic colorectal cancer (mCRC) patients treated with anti-EGFR therapy have shown LqB capable to detect the acquired clonal mutations in RAS genes leading to therapy resistance...
November 11, 2016: Oncotarget
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27847833/primary-duodenal-aspergillosis-in-a-patient-with-alcoholic-cirrhosis-and-poorly-controlled-diabetes-mellitus
#15
Mihajlo Gjeorgjievski, Estela Mogrovejo, Mitual B Amin, Mitchell S Cappell
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
August 2016: ACG Case Reports Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27845866/a-canola-oil-supplemented-diet-prevents-type-i-diabetes-caused-lipotoxicity-and-renal-dysfunction-in-a-rat-model
#16
Edgar Cano-Europa, Rocio Ortiz-Butron, Estela Melendez Camargo, María Miriam Esteves-Carmona, Rosa Maria Oliart-Ros, Vanessa Blas-Valdivia, Margarita Franco-Colin
We investigated the effect of a canola oil-supplemented diet on the metabolic state and diabetic renal function of a type I diabetes experimental model. Male Sprague-Dawley rats were randomly divided into four groups: (1) normoglycemic+chow diet, (2) normoglycemic+a canola oil-supplemented chow diet, (3) diabetic+chow diet, and (4) diabetic+a canola oil-supplemented chow diet. For 15 weeks, animals were fed a diet of Purina rat chow alone or supplemented with 30% canola oil. Energetic intake, water intake, body weight, and adipose tissue fat pad were measured; renal function, electrolyte balance, glomerular filtration rate, and the plasmatic concentration of free fatty acids, cholesterol, triglycerides, and glucose were evaluated...
November 2016: Journal of Medicinal Food
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27843587/life-threatening-colitis-and-complete-response-with-ipilimumab-in-a-patient-with-metastatic-braf-mutant-melanoma-and-rheumatoid-arthritis
#17
Francisco Aya, Lydia Gaba, Ivan Victoria, Aranzazu Fernandez-Martinez, Virginia Ruiz-Esquide, Estela Pineda, Monica Tosca, Margarita Viladot, Veronica Pereira, Josep Malvehy, Aleix Prat, Ana Arance
Immune checkpoint inhibitors, such as ipilimumab (an anti-CTLA4 antibody), have become a commonly used therapy in cancer. To date, safety data of patients with underlying autoimmune disease is limited. We present a case of a patient with rheumatoid arthritis who was diagnosed of a BRAF-mutant metastatic melanoma. The patient was treated with ipilimumab and presented with high-grade colitis requiring immunosuppressors. Despite of the immune-related adverse event, no exacerbation of the rheumatoid arthritis was observed and the patient achieved a complete response...
2016: ESMO Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27807076/a-poglut1-mutation-causes-a-muscular-dystrophy-with-reduced-notch-signaling-and-satellite-cell-loss
#18
Emilia Servián-Morilla, Hideyuki Takeuchi, Tom V Lee, Jordi Clarimon, Fabiola Mavillard, Estela Area-Gómez, Eloy Rivas, Jose L Nieto-González, Maria C Rivero, Macarena Cabrera-Serrano, Leonardo Gómez-Sánchez, Jose A Martínez-López, Beatriz Estrada, Celedonio Márquez, Yolanda Morgado, Xavier Suárez-Calvet, Guillermo Pita, Anne Bigot, Eduard Gallardo, Rafael Fernández-Chacón, Michio Hirano, Robert S Haltiwanger, Hamed Jafar-Nejad, Carmen Paradas
Skeletal muscle regeneration by muscle satellite cells is a physiological mechanism activated upon muscle damage and regulated by Notch signaling. In a family with autosomal recessive limb-girdle muscular dystrophy, we identified a missense mutation in POGLUT1 (protein O-glucosyltransferase 1), an enzyme involved in Notch posttranslational modification and function. In vitro and in vivo experiments demonstrated that the mutation reduces O-glucosyltransferase activity on Notch and impairs muscle development...
November 2, 2016: EMBO Molecular Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27803943/weight-status-and-physical-activity-combined-influence-on-cardiometabolic-risk-factors-among-adolescents-santiago-chile
#19
Helen Wang, Estela Blanco, Cecilia Algarín, Patricio Peirano, Raquel Burrows, Marcela Reyes, David Wing, Job G Godino, Sheila Gahagan
We tested the independent and combined influence of overweight/obesity and meeting moderate to vigorous physical activity (MVPA) guidelines (≥60 minutes per day) on cardiometabolic risk factors among healthy adolescents. We measured anthropometry, blood pressure, fasting lipids, and activity by accelerometer in 223 adolescents. They were categorized as overweight/obese versus normal weight and meeting the World Health Organization guidelines for MVPA per day. Adolescents were 16.8 years, 41% overweight/obese, 30% met MVPA guidelines, 50% low high-density lipoprotein, 22% high triglycerides, 12% high blood pressure, and 6% high fasting glucose...
2016: Global Pediatric Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27801525/complement-c3f-allotype-synthesized-by-liver-recipient-modifies-transplantation-outcome-independently-from-donor-hepatic-c3
#20
Diana María Valero-Hervás, Elena Sánchez-Zapardiel, María José Castro, Fernando Gallego-Bustos, Félix Cambra, Iago Justo, Rocío Laguna-Goya, Carlos Jiménez-Romero, Enrique Moreno, Francisco López-Medrano, Rafael San Juan, Mario Fernández-Ruiz, José María Aguado, Estela Paz-Artal
Complement component 3 (C3) presents both slow (C3S) and fast (C3F) variants, which can be locally-produced and activated by immune system cells. We studied C3 recipient variants in 483 liver transplant patients by RT-PCR-HRM to determine their effect on graft outcome during the first year post-transplantation. Allograft survival was significantly decreased in C3FF recipients (C3SS 95% vs. C3FS 91% vs. C3FF 83%; p=0.01) or C3F allele carriers (C3F-absence 95% vs. C3F-presence 90%, p=0.02). C3FF genotype or presence of C3F allele independently increased risk for allograft loss (OR: 2...
November 1, 2016: Clinical Transplantation
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