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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29469045/clinical-significance-of-serum-adiponectin-and-resistin-levels-in-liver-cirrhosis
#1
Telma Erotides da Silva, Mariana Costa-Silva, Carina G Correa, Giovana Denardin, Maria L Ayres Alencar, Mara S Pacheco Honório Coelho, Letícia Muraro-Wildner, Maria Luiza-Bazzo, David A González-Chica, Esther Buzaglo Dantas-Correa, Janaína L Narciso-Schiavon, Leonardo de Lucca Schiavon
INTRODUCTION: Adiponectin and resistin levels are increased in patients with cirrhosis, but it prognostic significance is unknown. We sought to investigate the factors associated with adiponectin and resistin levels and its clinical significance in patients with cirrhosis. MATERIALS AND METHODS: This was a prospective cohort study that included 122 subjects with cirrhosis who attended an outpatient clinic and were initially evaluated in 2012. Serum adiponectin and resistin levels were measured in samples collected in 2012 (adiponectin and resistin) and 2014 (adiponectin)...
March 1, 2018: Annals of Hepatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29467286/viral-insulin-like-peptides-activate-human-insulin-and-igf-1-receptor-signaling-a-paradigm-shift-for-host-microbe-interactions
#2
Emrah Altindis, Weikang Cai, Masaji Sakaguchi, Fa Zhang, Wang GuoXiao, Fa Liu, Pierre De Meyts, Vasily Gelfanov, Hui Pan, Richard DiMarchi, C Ronald Kahn
Viruses are the most abundant biological entities and carry a wide variety of genetic material, including the ability to encode host-like proteins. Here we show that viruses carry sequences with significant homology to several human peptide hormones including insulin, insulin-like growth factors (IGF)-1 and -2, FGF-19 and -21, endothelin-1, inhibin, adiponectin, and resistin. Among the strongest homologies were those for four viral insulin/IGF-1-like peptides (VILPs), each encoded by a different member of the family Iridoviridae VILPs show up to 50% homology to human insulin/IGF-1, contain all critical cysteine residues, and are predicted to form similar 3D structures...
February 21, 2018: Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29465158/evaluation-of-adipokines-in-children-with-cystic-fibrosis
#3
Edyta Machura, Maria Szczepańska, Elżbieta Świętochowska, Franciszek Halkiewicz, Małgorzata Barć-Czarnecka, Katarzyna Ziora, Dariusz Ziora
INTRODUCTION: Patients with CF present numerous pathological conditions such as malnutrition, depletion of fat-free mass, metabolic disturbances (abnormal glucose metabolism, increased insulin resistance, chronic energy deficit, local and chronic inflammation), which could affect or be associated with altered adipokines concentrationMaterial and Methods: We aimed in this study to investigate the levels of selected adipokines such as resistin, apelin, adiponectin to demonstrate their application as possible markers of inflammation...
February 21, 2018: Endokrynologia Polska
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29461239/-secretory-function-of-white-adipose-tissue-and-adipokines-biological-effects-and-clinical-significance-review
#4
O Sulaieva, Y Chereshneva, N Kartashkina, M Ivanova, D Tsomartova
In addition to accumulation and metabolism of triglycerides, white adipose tissue is recognized as the active endocrine organ, whose dysfunction is associated with the development of a wide range of diseases. The secretome of adipocytes is represented by a wide range of adipokines, which vary in depot and sex-specific manner. In addition, adipokines have diverse biological effects, correlations with different metabolic features and functions. In this review, the data on biological effects, origin and the clinical significance of adipokines are discussed...
January 2018: Georgian Medical News
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29459555/metabolic-and-immunological-assessment-of-small-for-gestational-age-children-during-one-year-treatment-with-growth-hormone-the-clinical-impact-of-apolipoproteins
#5
Kanako Kojima-Ishii, Naoko Toda, Kazuhiro Okubo, Vlad Tocan, Noriko Ohyama, Mika Makimura, Terumichi Matsuo, Masayuki Ochiai, Shouichi Ohga, Kenji Ihara
Children born small for gestational age (SGA) are at a higher risk for metabolic disorders later in life. In this study, we aimed to characterize young SGA children without catch-up growth and evaluate the effects of GH treatment on endocrinological, metabolic, and immunological parameters. Study design is a one-year single hospital-based study included prospective observation of SGA patients during 12 months of GH treatment. Clinical and laboratory profiles of SGA children at baseline were compared with controls born appropriate size for age...
February 20, 2018: Endocrine Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29442466/relationship-between-resistin-and-il-23-levels-in-follicular-fluid-in-infertile-patients-with-endometriosis-undergoing-ivf-et
#6
Qun-Fang Zhang, Guo-Yong Chen, Yun Liu, Hui-Juan Huang, Yan-Feng Song
BACKGROUND: Endometriosis (EM) interferes with the reproductive process and affects the success rate of in vitro fertilization (IVF). Inflammatory cytokines are suggested to play a role in infertility in patients with EM. OBJECTIVES: In this study, we aimed to investigate the relationship between resistin and interleukin 23 (IL-23) levels in follicular fluid (FF) and serum together with the severity of endometriosis and in vitro fertilization/ embryo transfer (IVF-ET) outcome...
December 2017: Advances in Clinical and Experimental Medicine: Official Organ Wroclaw Medical University
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29433827/adipocytokines-and-breast-cancer
#7
REVIEW
Jiajia Li, Xianghui Han
A substantial number of studies have revealed that a growing list of cancers might be influenced by obesity. In this regard, one of the most prominent and well-characterized cancers is breast cancer, the leading cause of cancer death among women. Obesity is associated with an increased risk for the occurrence and development of breast cancer particular in postmenopausal women. Moreover, the relationship between adiposity and breast cancer risk is complex, with associations that differ depending on when body size is assessed (eg, premenopausal vs postmenopausal obesity) and when breast cancer is diagnosed (ie, premenopausal vs postmenopausal disease)...
January 8, 2018: Current Problems in Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29432655/effects-of-treatment-for-psoriasis-on-circulating-levels-of-leptin-adiponectin-and-resistin-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#8
REVIEW
A Kyriakou, A Patsatsi, D Sotiriadis, D G Goulis
BACKGROUND: Metabolic syndrome, a risk factor of cardiovascular disease, is more common in psoriatic patients compared to general population. Circulating adipokine concentrations are altered in psoriatic patients and are suggested to represent the pathophysiologic link between psoriatic lesions and metabolic alterations. OBJECTIVES: To systematically review the literature for studies that investigated possible differences in the circulating levels of leptin, adiponectin or resistin in psoriatic patients before and after any treatment intervention and meta-analyze the best evidence available...
February 12, 2018: British Journal of Dermatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29428804/links-between-a-biomarker-profile-cold-ischaemic-time-and-clinical-outcome-following-simultaneous-pancreas-and-kidney-transplantation
#9
Hussein A Khambalia, M Yvonne Alexander, Mahesan Nirmalan, Ria Weston, Phillip Pemberton, Zia Moinuddin, Angela Summers, David van Dellen, Titus Augustine
In sepsis, trauma and major surgery, where an explicit physiological insult leads to a significant systemic inflammatory response, the acute evolution of biomarkers have been delineated. In these settings, Interleukin (IL) -6 and TNF-α are often the first pro-inflammatory markers to rise, stimulating production of acute phase proteins followed by peaks in anti-inflammatory markers. Patients undergoing SPKT as a result of diabetic complications already have an inflammatory phenotype as a result of uraemia and glycaemia...
February 8, 2018: Cytokine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29421824/the-main-determinants-of-serum-resistin-level-in-type-2-diabetic-patients-are-renal-function-and-inflammation-not-presence-of-microvascular-complication-obesity-and-insulin-resistance
#10
Egemen Cebeci, Cengiz Cakan, Meltem Gursu, Sami Uzun, Serhat Karadag, Macit Koldas, Turan Calhan, Serife Aysen Helvaci, Savas Ozturk
AIM: The association of increased resistin levels in chronic kidney disease with diabetic nephropathy has not yet been clarified. Our aim was to analyze the relationship between serum resistin levels and various diabetic microvascular complications in patients. METHODS: A total of 83 patients were enrolled in this cross-sectional study. The subjects were divided into 3 groups: 27 patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) having no diabetic retinopathy (DRP) or microalbuminuria and having normal renal function were included in Group-1, 28 patients with T2DM having DRP and normal renal function in Group-2, and 28 patients with T2DM with DRP and microalbuminuria and an estimated glomerular filtration rate (eGFR) of<60 ml/min/1...
February 8, 2018: Experimental and Clinical Endocrinology & Diabetes
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29416693/serum-levels-of-adipokines-and-cytokines-in-psoriasis-patients-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#11
Fan Bai, Wen Zheng, Yan Dong, Juan Wang, Malgorzata A Garstka, Ruilian Li, Jingang An, Huiqun Ma
Purpose: To evaluate the association of serum levels of adipokines and cytokines with psoriasis. Materials and Methods: A comprehensive literature search was performed in PubMed, ScienceDirect and Web of Science for the available relevant studies published before December 1, 2016. Differences in serum marker levels between patients and controls were pooled as standardized mean differences (SMDs) with 95% confidence interval to combine the effect estimations. We also conducted stratified analysis, meta-regression analysis and sensitivity analysis...
January 2, 2018: Oncotarget
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29412381/obese-with-higher-fndc5-irisin-levels-have-a-better-metabolic-profile-lower-lipopolysaccharide-levels-and-type-2-diabetes-risk
#12
Ivan Luiz Padilha Bonfante, Mara Patricia Traina Chacon-Mikahil, Diego Trevisan Brunelli, Arthur Fernandes Gáspari, Renata Garbellini Duft, Alexandre Gabarra Oliveira, Tiago Gomes Araujo, Mario Jose Abdalla Saad, Cláudia Regina Cavaglieri
OBJECTIVE: Thus, the aim of this study was to compare if higher or smaller fibronectin type 3 domain-containing protein 5 (FNDC5)/irisin levels are associated with inflammatory and metabolic markers, caloric/macronutrient intake, physical fitness and type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) risk in obese middle-aged men, and also to correlate all variables analyzed with FNDC5/irisin. SUBJECTS AND METHODS: On the basis of a cluster study, middle-aged obese men (IMC: 31.01 ± 1...
December 2017: Archives of Endocrinology and Metabolism
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29408288/neuroprotective-nature-of-adipokine-resistin-in-the-early-stages-of-focal-cerebral-ischemia-in-a-stroke-mouse-model
#13
Sedigheh Behrouzifar, Abedin Vakili, Ahmad Reza Bandegi, Parviz Kokhaei
New evidence suggests that resistin may have a therapeutic potential effect in management of neurodegenerative disease; but its role in the pathophysiology of stroke-induced injuries is not understood. However, further investigations are required to elucidate the effect of resistin and explore its possible molecular mechanisms on the ischemic reperfusion injury. Transient focal cerebral ischemia was induced by the middle cerebral artery occlusion (MCAO) in mice. Animal treated with resistin at doses of 25, 50, 100, 200, and 400 ng/mouse, on the MCAO commencement...
February 2, 2018: Neurochemistry International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29401141/abdominal-muscle-density-is-inversely-related-to-adiposity-inflammatory-mediators
#14
Rachel B Van Hollebeke, Mary Cushman, Emma F Schlueter, Matthew A Allison
PURPOSE: Skeletal muscle is the largest regulator of glucose metabolism but few population-based studies have examined the associations between muscle and inflammation. We studied the relationships between abdominal muscle area and density with selected adiposity associated inflammatory mediators. METHODS: Nearly 2,000 subjects underwent computed tomography (CT) of the abdomen and had venous fasting blood drawn concomitantly. The CT scans were interrogated for visceral and subcutaneous fat, as well as abdominal lean muscle areas and densities...
February 2, 2018: Medicine and Science in Sports and Exercise
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29399931/correlation-of-adipokines-and-markers-of-oxidative-stress-in-women-with-gestational-diabetes-mellitus-and-their-newborns
#15
Min Shang, Xu Dong, Lin Hou
AIM: We have shown that some markers of oxidative stress were higher in women with gestational diabetes mellitus (GDM). This study examines the relationship between adipokines and oxidative stress and their potential effects in pregnant women. METHODS: Three markers of oxidative stress (malondialdehyde, 8-isoprostane and xanthine oxidase) and three adipokines (leptin, adiponectin and resistin) were measured in maternal plasma, cord plasma and placenta of 208 pregnant women...
February 5, 2018: Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29398867/diet-switch-and-omega-3-hydroxy-fatty-acids-display-differential-hepatoprotective-effects-in-an-obesity-nonalcoholic-fatty-liver-disease-model-in-mice
#16
Roberto Rodriguez-Echevarria, Jose Macias-Barragan, Marcela Parra-Vargas, Judith Rebeca Davila-Rodriguez, Eduardo Amezcua-Galvez, Juan Armendariz-Borunda
AIM: To study the effect of 18-hydroxy-eicosapentaenoic acid (18-HEPE) and 17-hydroxy-docosahexaenoic acid (17-HDHA) in a murine model of obesity/nonalcoholic fatty liver disease. METHODS: C57BL/6 mice were fed with standard chow diet (CD) or high-fat, fructose-enriched diet (HFD) for 16 wk. Then, three groups were treated for 14 d with either, diet switch (HFD for CD), 18-HEPE, or 17-HDHA. Weight and fasting glucose were recorded on a weekly basis. Insulin tolerance test was performed at the end of treatment...
January 28, 2018: World Journal of Gastroenterology: WJG
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29396758/insulin-sensitivity-and-secretion-and-adipokine-profile-in-patients-with-cushing-s-disease-treated-with-pasireotide
#17
V Guarnotta, G Pizzolanti, A Ciresi, C Giordano
PURPOSE: To evaluate the effect of pasireotide on β-cell and adipose function in patients with Cushing's disease (CD). METHODS: Clinical and hormonal parameters, insulin secretion evaluated by HOMA-β and by the area under the curve (AUC2h) of C-peptide during a mixed meal tolerance test and insulin sensitivity, evaluated by the euglycaemic hyperinsulinaemic clamp, were evaluated in 12 patients with active CD, before and after 6 and 12 months of pasireotide. In addition, a panel of adipokines including leptin (Ob), leptin/leptin receptor ratio (Ob/Ob-R ratio), adiponectin, resistin, visfatin, adipocyte fatty acid binding protein (AFABP) and non-esterified fatty acids (NEFAs) was evaluated at baseline and after 12 months of pasireotide...
February 2, 2018: Journal of Endocrinological Investigation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29396370/distinct-adipocyte-progenitor-cells-are-associated-with-regional-phenotypes-of-perivascular-aortic-fat-in-mice
#18
Khanh-Van Tran, Timothy Fitzgibbons, So Yun Min, Tiffany DeSouza, Silvia Corvera
OBJECTIVE: Perivascular adipose tissue depots around the aorta are regionally distinct and have specific functional properties. Thoracic aorta perivascular adipose tissue (tPVAT) expresses higher levels of thermogenic genes and lower levels of inflammatory genes than abdominal aorta perivascular adipose tissue (aPVAT). It is not known whether this distinction is due to the in-vivo functional environment or to cell-autonomous traits that persist outside the in-vivo setting. In this study, we asked whether the progenitor cells in tPVAT and aPVAT have cell-autonomous traits that lead to formation of regionally distinct PVAT...
January 10, 2018: Molecular Metabolism
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29395573/increased-levels-of-lipocalin-2-in-palmoplantar-pustular-psoriasis
#19
Kerstin Wolk, Yvonne Frambach, Arnd Jacobi, Dagmar Wilsmann-Theis, Sandra Phillipp, Ellen Witte-Händel, Jörg Wenzel, Rotraut Mössner, Robert Sabat
BACKGROUND: Palmoplantar pustular psoriasis (PPP) is a recalcitrant chronic skin disease affecting the palms and soles. OBJECTIVE: To identify and characterize pathogenetic players in PPP. METHODS: Clinical and anamnestic data as well as skin and blood samples of 60 PPP patients were collected. Healthy participants served as controls. Analysis of patient samples and cultured primary skin cells was performed by ELISA, qRT-PCR, and immunohistochemistry...
January 11, 2018: Journal of Dermatological Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29386201/cd301b-mgl2-mononuclear-phagocytes-orchestrate-autoimmune-cardiac-valve-inflammation-and-fibrosis
#20
Lee A Meier, Jennifer L Auger, Brianna J Engelson, Hannah M Cowan, Elise R Breed, Mayra I Gonzalez-Torres, Joshua D Boyer, Mayank Verma, Aubyn Marath, Bryce A Binstadt
Background -Valvular heart disease (VHD) is common and affects the mitral valve (MV) most frequently. Despite the prevalence of mitral valve disease (MVD), the cellular and molecular pathways that initiate and perpetuate it are not well understood. Methods -K/B.g7 T cell receptor (TCR) transgenic mice spontaneously develop systemic autoantibody-associated autoimmunity, leading to fully-penetrant fibro-inflammatory MVD and arthritis. We used multiparameter flow cytometry, intracellular cytokine staining, and immunofluorescent staining to characterize the cells in inflamed K/B...
January 31, 2018: Circulation
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