keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

Retail

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28813473/the-availability-of-pharmacies-in-the-united-states-2007-2015
#1
Dima Mazen Qato, Shannon Zenk, Jocelyn Wilder, Rachel Harrington, Darrell Gaskin, G Caleb Alexander
IMPORTANCE: Despite their increasingly important role in health care delivery, little is known about the availability, and characteristics, of community pharmacies in the United States. OBJECTIVES: (1) To examine trends in the availability of community pharmacies and pharmacy characteristics (24-hour, drive-up, home delivery, e-prescribing, and multilingual staffing) associated with access to prescription medications in the U.S. between 2007 and 2015; and (2) to determine whether and how these patterns varied by pharmacy type (retail chains, independents, mass retailers, food stores, government and clinic-based) and across counties...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28813010/characterization-of-breakfast-cereals-available-in-the-mexican-market-sodium-and-sugar-content
#2
Claudia Nieto, Sofia Rincon-Gallardo Patiño, Lizbeth Tolentino-Mayo, Angela Carriedo, Simón Barquera
Preschool Mexican children consume 7% of their total energy intake from processed breakfast cereals. This study characterized the nutritional quality and labelling (claims and Guideline Daily Amount (GDA)) of the packaged breakfast cereals available in the Mexican market. Photographs of all breakfast cereals available in the 9 main food retail chains in the country were taken. The nutrition quality of cereals was assessed using the United Kingdom Nutrient Profiling Model (UKNPM). Claims were classified using the International Network for Food and Obesity/non-communicable Diseases Research, Monitoring and Action Support (INFORMAS) taxonomy and the GDA was defined according to the Mexican regulation, NOM-051...
August 16, 2017: Nutrients
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28812908/a-quantitative-assessment-of-the-risk-of-human-salmonellosis-arising-from-the-consumption-of-pecans-in-the-united-states
#3
Sofia M Santillana Farakos, Régis Pouillot, Rhoma Johnson, Judith Spungen, Insook Son, Nathan Anderson, Gordon R Davidson, Jane M Van Doren
A quantitative risk assessment was conducted to assess the risk of human salmonellosis acquired from consumption of pecans in the United States. The model considered the potential for Salmonella survival, growth, and recontamination of pecans from the sheller to the consumer, including steps such as immersion in water, drying, conditioning, cracking, partitioning, and storage. Five theoretical microbial reduction treatment levels (1 to 5 log CFU) were modeled. Data from the 2010 to 2013 surveys by the National Pecan Shellers Association were used for initial prevalence and contamination levels...
August 16, 2017: Journal of Food Protection
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28812009/the-bacteriological-quality-safety-and-antibiogram-of-salmonella-isolates-from-fresh-meat-in-retail-shops-of-bahir-dar-city-ethiopia
#4
Melkamnesh Azage, Mulugeta Kibret
The habit of raw meat consumption in addition to the poor hygienic standards and lack of knowledge contribute to food-borne diseases outbreaks. The objective of this research was to assess the bacterial quality and safety of fresh meat from retail Bahir Dar City, Ethiopia. A total of 30 fresh meat samples were collected from butcher shops. Standard bacteriological methods were used to isolate and enumerate bacteria. Kirby-Bauer disk diffusion method was used for antimicrobial susceptibility testing of Salmonella isolates...
2017: International journal of food science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28809795/pricing-of-staple-foods-at-supermarkets-versus-small-food-stores
#5
Caitlin E Caspi, Jennifer E Pelletier, Lisa J Harnack, Darin J Erickson, Kathleen Lenk, Melissa N Laska
Prices affect food purchase decisions, particularly in lower-income communities, where access to a range of food retailers (including supermarkets) is limited. The aim of this study was to examine differences in staple food pricing between small urban food stores and the closest supermarkets, as well as whether pricing differentials varied based on proximity between small stores and larger retailers. In 2014, prices were measured for 15 staple foods during store visits in 140 smaller stores (corner stores, gas-marts, dollar stores, and pharmacies) in Minneapolis/St...
August 15, 2017: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28807097/genotypic-characterization-of-methicillin-resistant-staphylococcus-aureus-isolated-from-pigs-and-retail-foods-in-china
#6
Wei Wang, Feng Liu, Zulqarnain Baloch, Cun Shan Zhang, Ke Ma, Zi Xin Peng, Shao Fei Yan, Yu Jie Hu, Xin Gan, Yin Ping Dong, Yao Bai, Feng Qin Li, Xiao Mein Yan, Ai Guo Ma, Jin Xu
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the genotypic diversity of Methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA) isolated from pigs and retail foods from different geographical areas in China and further to study the routes and rates of transmission of this pathogen from animals to food. METHODS: Seventy-one MRSA isolates were obtained from pigs and retail foods and then characterized by multi-locus sequencing typing (MLST), spa typing, multiple-locus variable number of tandem repeat analysis (MLVA), pulsed-field gel electrophoresis (PFGE), and antimicrobial susceptibility testing...
August 2017: Biomedical and Environmental Sciences: BES
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28803741/the-cardiovascular-toxicity-of-triadimefon-in-early-life-stage-of-zebrafish-and-potential-implications-to-human-health
#7
Hong-Cui Liu, Tian-Yi Chu, Li-Li Chen, Wen-Jun Gui, Guo-Nian Zhu
The health risk of triadimefon (TF) to cardiovascular system of human is still unclear, especially to pesticide suicides population, occupational population (farmers, retailers and pharmaceutical workers), and special population (young children and infants, pregnant women, older people, and those with compromised immune systems) who are at a greater risk. Therefore, firstly we explored the toxic effects and possible mechanism of cardiovascular toxicity induced by TF using zebrafish model. Zebrafish at stage of 48 h post fertilization (hpf) exposed to TF for 24 h exhibited morphological malformations which were further confirmed by histopathologic examination, including pericardial edema, circulation abnormalities, serious venous thrombosis and increased distance between the sinus venosus (SV) and bulbus arteriosus (BA) regions of the heart...
August 10, 2017: Environmental Pollution
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28803381/effect-of-soil-ph-and-organic-matter-on-the-adsorption-and-desorption-of-pentachlorophenol
#8
Shui-Wen Chang Chien, Shou-Hung Chen, Chi-Jui Li
Various properties of soil affect the partition of organic contaminants within, and conversely, the properties of the organic contaminants also directly affect their partition behavior in soil. Therefore, understanding the effects of various properties of soil on the partition of organic contaminants favors subsequent assessment and provides soil remediation methods for policymakers. This study selected pentachlorophenol (PCP), a common hydrophobic ionizable organic compound in contaminated sites worldwide, as the target contaminant...
August 12, 2017: Environmental Science and Pollution Research International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28802872/smoking-and-binge-drinking-among-adolescents-ontario-canada-does-the-school-neighbourhood-matter
#9
Kristian Larsen, Teresa To, Hyacinth M Irving, Angela Boak, Hayley A Hamilton, Robert E Mann, Robert Schwartz, Guy E J Faulkner
This study examines whether access to alcohol and tobacco around the school relates to higher or lower odds of cigarette smoking and binge-drinking among Ontario high school students. The 2013 Ontario Student Drug Use and Health Survey provides data on self-reported smoking and drinking, individual covariates and subjective socio-economic status for 6142 students (grades 9-12) in Ontario, Canada. Locations of schools were geocoded and 1.6km network buffers defined the school neighbourhoods. Multi-level logistic regression examines individual and school neighbourhood factors with smoking and binge drinking as the dependent variable...
August 10, 2017: Health & Place
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28800821/listeria-monocytogenes-incidence-changes-and-diversity-in-some-brazilian-dairy-industries-and-retail-products
#10
Virginie Oxaran, Sarah Hwa In Lee, Luíza Toubas Chaul, Carlos Humberto Corassin, Giovana Verginia Barancelli, Virgínia Farias Alves, Carlos Augusto Fernandes de Oliveira, Lone Gram, Elaine Cristina Pereira De Martinis
Listeria monocytogenes can cause listeriosis, a severe foodborne disease. In Brazil, despite very few reported cases of listeriosis, the pathogen has been repeatedly isolated from dairies. This has led the government to implement specific legislation to reduce the hazard. Here, we determined the incidence of L. monocytogenes in five dairies and retail products in the Southeast and Midwest regions of Brazil over eight months. Of 437 samples, three samples (0.7%) from retail and only one sample (0.2%) from the dairies were positive for L...
December 2017: Food Microbiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28800246/risk-of-salmonellosis-from-chicken-parts-prepared-from-whole-chickens-sold-in-flow-pack-wrappers-and-subjected-to-temperature-abuse
#11
T P Oscar
The flow pack wrapper is a popular packaging choice for retail sale of whole chickens. However, it may provide a favorable environment for growth and spread of Salmonella within the package, leading to an outbreak of salmonellosis. To investigate this possibility, a process risk model was developed that predicted the risk of salmonellosis from chicken parts prepared from whole chickens sold in flow pack wrappers and subjected to proper storage (6 h at 4°C) or improper storage (72 h at 15°C) before preparation...
August 11, 2017: Journal of Food Protection
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28799224/genomic-insights-into-the-pathogenicity-and-environmental-adaptability-of-enterococcus-hirae-r17-isolated-from-pork-offered-for-retail-sale
#12
Zixin Peng, Menghan Li, Wei Wang, Hongtao Liu, Séamus Fanning, Yujie Hu, Jianzhong Zhang, Fengqin Li
Genetic information about Enterococcus hirae is limited, a feature that has compromised our understanding of these clinically challenging bacteria. In this study, comparative analysis was performed of E. hirae R17, a daptomycin-resistant strain isolated from pork purchased from a retail market in Beijing, China, and three other enterococcal genomes (Enterococcus faecium DO, Enterococcus faecalis V583, and E. hirae ATCC(™) 9790). Some 1,412 genes were identified that represented the core genome together with an additional 139 genes that were specific to E...
August 10, 2017: MicrobiologyOpen
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28798508/retail-genetics
#13
EDITORIAL
Ken Harvey, Basia Diug
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
June 2017: Australian Prescriber
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28798265/characteristics-of-tobacco-purchases-in-urban-corner-stores
#14
Hannah G Lawman, Jennifer Dolatshahi, Giridhar Mallya, Stephanie Vander Veur, Ryan Coffman, Cheryl Bettigole, Alexis Wojtanowski, Judith Wylie-Rosett, Gary D Foster
INTRODUCTION: To examine the prevalence and patterns of tobacco purchases at low-income, urban corner stores. METHODS: Data on tobacco products and other purchases were collected through direct observation of customers' purchases (n=6369) at 120 urban corner stores in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, from April to September 2012. RESULTS: Overall 13% of corner store purchases included tobacco products. The majority (61%) of tobacco purchases did not include any other products, and 5...
August 10, 2017: Tobacco Control
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28797794/measuring-micro-level-effects-of-a-new-supermarket-do-residents-within-0-5-mile-have-improved-dietary-behaviors
#15
Stephanie Rogus, Jessica Athens, Jonathan Cantor, Brian Elbel
BACKGROUND: Local and national policies to encourage supermarket opening or expansion are popular strategies for improving access to healthy food for residents in neighborhoods lacking these types of stores, yet few evaluations of such initiatives exist. OBJECTIVE: Our aim was to test whether a newly opened supermarket in the Bronx, NY, changed household availability of healthy and unhealthy food items and reported daily consumption of these items among respondents residing in close proximity (≤0...
August 8, 2017: Journal of the Academy of Nutrition and Dietetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28795868/management-and-cost-analysis-of-cancer-patients-treated-with-g-csf-a-cohort-study-based-on-the-french-national-healthcare-insurance-database
#16
Patrick Tilleul, William Jacot, Corinne Emery, Antoine Lafuma, Julie Gourmelen
OBJECTIVES: To describe the management and costs associated with G-CSF therapy in cancer patients in France. METHODS: We analyzed a representative random population sample from the French national healthcare insurance database, focusing on 1,612 patients with hematological or solid malignancies who were reimbursed in 2013 or 2014 for at least one G-CSF treatment dispensed in a retail pharmacy. Patient characteristics and treatment costs were analyzed according to the type of cancer...
August 10, 2017: Journal of Medical Economics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28793887/examining-the-relationship-between-the-food-environment-and-adult-diabetes-prevalence-by-county-economic-and-racial-composition-an-ecological-study
#17
Lindsey Haynes-Maslow, Lucia A Leone
BACKGROUND: Inequitable access to healthy food may contribute to health disparities. This study examines the relationship between the prevalence of adult diabetes and food access in the U.S. by county economic/racial composition. METHODS: An ecological study from 2012 was used to estimate the relationship between diabetes and retail food outlet access. County diabetes prevalence was measured based on individual responses to the Behavioral Risk Factor Surveillance Survey question, "Have you ever been told by a doctor that you have diabetes?" If the answer was "yes" individuals were classified as having diabetes...
August 9, 2017: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28793067/farm%C3%A3-cia-popular-program-pharmaceutical-market-analysis-of-antihypertensive-acting-on-the-renin-angiotensin-system-medicines
#18
Rondineli Mendes da Silva, Gabriela Costa Chaves, Luisa Arueira Chaves, Mônica Rodrigues Campos, Vera Lucia Luiza, Andréa Dâmaso Bertoldi, Dennis Ross-Degnan, Isabel Cristina Martins Emmerick
This paper aims to analyse changes in the retail pharmaceutical market following policy changes in the Farmácia Popular Program (FP), a medicines subsidy program in Brazil. The retrospective longitudinal analyses focus on therapeutic class of agents acting on the renin-angiotensin system. Data obtained from QuintilesIMS (formerly IMS Health) included private retail pharmacy sales volume (pharmaceutical units) and sales values from 2002 to 2013. Analyses evaluated changes in market share following key FP policy changes...
August 2017: Ciência & Saúde Coletiva
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28792800/national-antimicrobial-resistance-monitoring-system-two-decades-of-advancing-public-health-through-integrated-surveillance-of-antimicrobial-resistance
#19
Beth E Karp, Heather Tate, Jodie R Plumblee, Uday Dessai, Jean M Whichard, Eileen L Thacker, Kis Robertson Hale, Wanda Wilson, Cindy R Friedman, Patricia M Griffin, Patrick F McDermott
Drug-resistant bacterial infections pose a serious and growing public health threat globally. In this review, we describe the role of the National Antimicrobial Resistance Monitoring System (NARMS) in providing data that help address the resistance problem and show how such a program can have broad positive impacts on public health. NARMS was formed two decades ago to help assess the consequences to human health arising from the use of antimicrobial drugs in food animal production in the United States. A collaboration among the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, the U...
August 9, 2017: Foodborne Pathogens and Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28783534/frequency-of-hepatitis-e-virus-rotavirus-and-porcine-enteric-calicivirus-at-various-stages-of-pork-carcass-processing-in-two-pork-processing-plants
#20
Tineke H Jones, Victoria Muehlhauser
Hepatitis E virus (HEV), rotavirus (RV), and porcine enteric calicivirus (PEC) infections are common in swine and raises concerns about the potential for zoonotic transmission through undercooked meat products. Enteric viruses can potentially contaminate carcasses during meat processing operations. There is a lack of information on the prevalence and control of enteric viruses in the pork processing chain. This study compared the incidence and levels of contamination of hog carcasses with HEV, RV and PEC at different stages of the dressing process...
July 29, 2017: International Journal of Food Microbiology
keyword
keyword
28368
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"