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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29137968/food-bundling-as-a-health-nudge-investigating-consumer-fruit-and-vegetable-selection-using-behavioral-economics
#1
Kathryn A Carroll, Anya Samek, Lydia Zepeda
Displaying bundles of healthy foods at the grocery store is a health nudge that simplifies shopping and may have the potential for increasing fruit and vegetable (F&V) purchasing. To evaluate the impact of food bundling, we conduct an artefactual field experiment with community participants in a laboratory set up as a grocery store. Dual-self theory suggests that food choices may differ depending on whether shoppers are under cognitive load - in our experiment, we exogenously vary whether bundles are displayed (with and without a price discount) and whether shoppers are under cognitive load...
November 11, 2017: Appetite
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29135909/food-swamps-predict-obesity-rates-better-than-food-deserts-in-the-united-states
#2
Kristen Cooksey-Stowers, Marlene B Schwartz, Kelly D Brownell
This paper investigates the effect of food environments, characterized as food swamps, on adult obesity rates. Food swamps have been described as areas with a high-density of establishments selling high-calorie fast food and junk food, relative to healthier food options. This study examines multiple ways of categorizing food environments as food swamps and food deserts, including alternate versions of the Retail Food Environment Index. We merged food outlet, sociodemographic and obesity data from the United States Department of Agriculture (USDA) Food Environment Atlas, the American Community Survey, and a commercial street reference dataset...
November 14, 2017: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29134651/heavy-metal-contamination-microbiological-spoilage-and-biogenic-amines-content-in-sushi-available-on-the-polish-market
#3
Piotr Kulawik, Dani Dordevic, Florian Gambuś, Katarzyna Szczurowska, Marzena Zając
BACKGROUND: The study determined the heavy metal contamination (mercury, cadmium, lead, arsenic and nickel) of nori, restaurant-served sushi and ready-to-eat sushi meals available through retail chains. Moreover the microbiological loads and biogenic amines content in ready-to-eat sushi meals were analysed. RESULTS: All the nori samples contained high levels of Cd (2.122 mg kg(-1) ), Ni (0.715 mg kg(-1) ), As (34.56 mg kg(-1) ) and Pb (0.659 mg kg(-1) ). The studied sushi samples contained high levels of Ni and Pb, reaching 0...
November 13, 2017: Journal of the Science of Food and Agriculture
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29126126/exposure-to-point-of-sale-marketing-of-cigarettes-and-e-cigarettes-as-predictors-of-smoking-cessation-behaviors
#4
Dale S Mantey, Keryn E Pasch, Alexandra Loukas, Cheryl L Perry
Introduction: Cue-reactivity theory suggests smoking-related visual cues such as point-of-sale (POS) marketing (e.g., advertising, product displays) may undermine cessation attempts by causing an increase in nicotine cravings among users. This study examined the relationship between recall of exposure to POS marketing and subsequent cessation behaviors among young adult cigarette smokers. Methods: Participants included 813 18-29 year old (m=21.1, sd=2.70) current cigarette smokers attending 24 Texas colleges...
November 6, 2017: Nicotine & Tobacco Research: Official Journal of the Society for Research on Nicotine and Tobacco
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29124068/effects-of-variety-and-postharvest-handling-practices-on-microbial-population-at-different-stages-of-the-value-chain-of-fresh-tomato-solanum-lycopersicum-in-western-terai-of-nepal
#5
Ram B Khadka, Madan Marasini, Ranjana Rawal, Durga M Gautam, Antonio L Acedo
Background. Fresh vegetables such as tomato should have low microbial population for safe consumption and long storage life. The aerobic bacterial count (ABC) and coliform bacterial count (CBC), yeast, and mold population are the most widely used microbial indicators in fresh vegetables which should be lower than 4 log CFU g(-1) for safe consumption. The stages of the supply chain, postharvest handling methods, and crop varieties had significant effects on microbial population. ABC, CBC, yeast, and mold population were significantly highest (P < 0...
2017: BioMed Research International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29119377/meat-retail-conditions-within-the-establishments-of-kigali-city-rwanda-bacteriological-quality-and-risk-factors-for-salmonella-occurrence
#6
Eugène Niyonzima, Martin Patrick Ongol, Yves Brostaux, Nicolas Korsak, Georges Daube, Anastase Kimonyo, Marianne Sindic
Meat constitutes one of the major vehicles for human foodborne infections. This study aimed to assess the retail conditions and to determine the microbiological quality and safety of meat retailed within the establishments of Kigali (Rwanda). A questionnaire survey was carried out in 150 retail outlets to characterise meat retail conditions. Additionally, 270 retail meat samples were analysed for the enumeration of hygiene indicator bacteria (total mesophilic bacteria and Escherichia coli) and for the qualitative detection of Salmonella, using conventional culture methods...
November 8, 2017: Tropical Animal Health and Production
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29116290/drug-resistance-ampc-%C3%AE-lactamase-and-extended-spectrum-%C3%AE-lactamase-producing-enterobacteriaceae-isolated-from-fish-and-shrimp
#7
Marília Viana Albuquerque de Almeida, Ítalo Mendes Cangussú, Antonia Leonadia Siqueira de Carvalho, Izabelly Linhares Ponte Brito, Renata Albuquerque Costa
The present study aims to detect the production of extended-spectrum beta-lactamases (ESBL) by enterobacteria isolated from samples of fresh shrimp and fish obtained from the retail trade of the city of Sobral, Ceará State, Brazil. All bacterial isolates were submitted to identification and antimicrobial susceptibility testing using aminopenicillin, beta-lactamase inhibitors, carbapenem, 1st, 2nd, 3rd and 4th generation cephalosporins, and monobactam. Three types of beta-lactamases - ESBL, AmpC and KPC - were investigated...
November 6, 2017: Revista do Instituto de Medicina Tropical de São Paulo
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29114831/factors-associated-with-increases-in-us-health-care-spending-1996-2013
#8
Joseph L Dieleman, Ellen Squires, Anthony L Bui, Madeline Campbell, Abigail Chapin, Hannah Hamavid, Cody Horst, Zhiyin Li, Taylor Matyasz, Alex Reynolds, Nafis Sadat, Matthew T Schneider, Christopher J L Murray
Importance: Health care spending in the United States increased substantially from 1995 to 2015 and comprised 17.8% of the economy in 2015. Understanding the relationship between known factors and spending increases over time could inform policy efforts to contain future spending growth. Objective: To quantify changes in spending associated with 5 fundamental factors related to health care spending in the United States: population size, population age structure, disease prevalence or incidence, service utilization, and service price and intensity...
November 7, 2017: JAMA: the Journal of the American Medical Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29110808/how-big-is-too-big-the-girth-of-bestselling-insertive-sex-toys-to-guide-maximal-neophallus-dimensions
#9
Dylan Isaacson, Roxana Aghili, Non Wongwittavas, Maurice Garcia
BACKGROUND: In our practice we have encountered 4 female-to-male transgender patients seeking neophallus revision surgery for girth precluding penetrative vaginal or anal intercourse. Despite this, there is little evidence available to guide transitioning patients in neophallus sizing. In this work we examined the dimensions of bestselling realistic dildos, presuming that the most popular dimensions would reflect population preferences for penetrative toys and phalluses. AIM: To determine a maximal upper limit for girth compatible with penetrative intercourse based on measurements of bestselling realistic dildos and published erect penile dimensions...
November 2017: Journal of Sexual Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29108061/genetic-correlations-between-wool-traits-and-meat-quality-traits-in-merino-sheep
#10
S I Mortimer, S Hatcher, N M Fogarty, J H J van der Werf, D J Brown, A A Swan, R H Jacob, G H Geesink, D L Hopkins, J E Hocking Edwards, E N Ponnampalam, R D Warner, K L Pearce, D W Pethick
Genetic correlations between 29 wool production and quality traits and 25 meat quality and nutritional value traits were estimated for Merino sheep from an Information Nucleus (IN). Genetic correlations among the meat quality and nutritional value traits are also reported. The IN comprised 8 flocks linked genetically and managed across a range of sheep production environments in Australia. The wool traits included over 5,000 yearling and 3,700 adult records for fleece weight, fiber diameter, staple length, staple strength, fiber diameter variation, scoured wool color, and visual scores for breech and body wrinkle...
October 2017: Journal of Animal Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29105761/the-influence-of-tobacco-retailers-on-adolescent-smoking-prevention-and-policy-implications
#11
S H Gwon, G Yan, G Huang, P A Kulbok
BACKGROUND: Smoking rates are higher among adolescents in South Korea than among those in other Asian countries. Researchers have reported associations between the presence of licensed tobacco retailers and adolescent smoking rates. However, few researchers have examined the factors that influence adolescent smoking including those that are intrapersonal, interpersonal or related to the tobacco retailers' environment. AIM: The purpose of this study was to describe factors related to the students, the licensed tobacco retailers and the schools and how those factors are associated with adolescent smoking outcomes such as tobacco marketing receptivity, lifetime smoking and current smoking...
November 6, 2017: International Nursing Review
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29104901/recall-of-e-cigarette-advertisements-and-adolescent-e-cigarette-use
#12
Nicole E Nicksic, Melissa B Harrell, Adriana Pérez, Keryn E Pasch, Cheryl L Perry
Objective: We examined the impact of e-cigarette advertising on e-cigarette use behaviors among youth over time. Methods: At baseline, 3907 students participated in a youth tobacco surveillance study from 2014-2015 and 2488 students completed a 6-month follow-up. Weighted logistic regression models investigated the recall of e-cigarette advertisements (TV/radio/billboards/retail/Internet) as a risk factor for e-cigarette perceived harm, use, and susceptibility. Results: The odds of ever e-cigarette use was 3 times higher (AOR=2...
April 2017: Tobacco Regulatory Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29104268/pricing-carbon-emission-reduction-low-carbon-promotion-and-returning-decision-in-a-closed-loop-supply-chain-under-vertical-and-horizontal-cooperation
#13
Hui Li, Chuanxu Wang, Meng Shang, Wei Ou
In this paper, we examine the influences of vertical and horizontal cooperation models on the optimal decisions and performance of a low-carbon closed-loop supply chain (CLSC) with a manufacturer and two retailers, and study optimal operation in the competitive pricing, competitive the low-carbon promotion, the carbon emission reduction, the used-products collection and the profits. We consider the completely decentralized model, M-R vertical cooperation model, R-R horizontal cooperation model, M-R-R vertical and horizontal cooperation model and completely centralized model, and also identify the optimal decision results and profits...
November 1, 2017: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29103003/where-do-women-and-men-in-britain-obtain-contraception-findings-from-the-third-national-survey-of-sexual-attitudes-and-lifestyles-natsal-3
#14
Rebecca S French, Rebecca Geary, Kyle Jones, Anna Glasier, Catherine H Mercer, Jessica Datta, Wendy Macdowall, Melissa Palmer, Anne M Johnson, Kaye Wellings
INTRODUCTION: To estimate the prevalence of use of different sources of contraceptive supplies in Britain and its variation by key demographic and behavioural characteristics. METHODS: Cross-sectional probability sample survey of women and men aged 16-74 years, resident in Britain, interviewed between 2010 and 2012. Analyses reported here were of 4571 women and 3142 men aged 16-44 years who reported having vaginal sex in the past year. Those relying exclusively on sterilisation (including hysterectomy) were excluded...
November 4, 2017: Journal of Family Planning and Reproductive Health Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29101767/pricing-strategies-to-encourage-availability-purchase-and-consumption-of-healthy-foods-and-beverages-a-systematic-review
#15
Joel Gittelsohn, Angela Cristina Bizzotto Trude, Hyunju Kim
INTRODUCTION: Food pricing policies to promote healthy diets, such as taxes, price manipulations, and food subsidies, have been tested in different settings. However, little consensus exists about the effect of these policies on the availability of healthy and unhealthy foods, on what foods consumers buy, or on the impact of food purchases on consumer health outcomes. We conducted a systematic review of studies of the effect of food-pricing interventions on retail sales and on consumer purchasing and consumption of healthy foods and beverages...
November 2, 2017: Preventing Chronic Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29101294/content-analysis-of-e-cigarette-products-promotions-prices-and-claims-on-internet-tobacco-vendor-websites-2013-2014
#16
Rebecca S Williams, Jason Derrick, Aliza K Liebman, Kevin LaFleur
OBJECTIVE: To identify the population of Internet e-cigarette vendors (IEVs) and conduct content analysis of products sold and IEVs' promotional, claims and pricing practices. METHODS: Multiple sources were used to identify IEV websites, primarily complex search algorithms scanning over 180 million websites. In 2013, 32 446 websites were manually screened, identifying 980 IEVs, with the 281 most popular selected for content analysis. This methodology yielded 31 239 websites for manual screening in 2014, identifying 3096 IEVs, with 283 selected for content analysis...
November 3, 2017: Tobacco Control
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29097224/pharmacy-access-to-ulipristal-acetate-in-major-cities-throughout-the-united-states
#17
Maryssa Shigesato, Jennifer Elia, Mary Tschann, Holly Bullock, Eric Hurwitz, Yan Yan Wu, Jennifer Salcedo
OBJECTIVE: Ulipristal acetate (UPA) is a prescription emergency contraceptive pill (ECP). Despite the potential for UPA to reduce the risk of unintended pregnancies, a recent study in Hawaii demonstrated less than 3% of pharmacies stocked UPA and less than 23% reported the ability to order it. The primary outcome of our study was to assess the availability of UPA in a sample of large cities nationwide. STUDY DESIGN: We conducted a telephone-based secret shopper study of 533 retail pharmacies sampled proportionally from ten large cities in five geographic regions across the US...
October 30, 2017: Contraception
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29090680/vim-1-carbapenemase-producing-escherichia-coli-isolated-from-retail-seafood-germany-2016
#18
Nicole Roschanski, Sebastian Guenther, Thi Thu Tra Vu, Jennie Fischer, Torsten Semmler, Stephan Huehn, Thomas Alter, Uwe Roesler
Carbapenems belong to the group of last resort antibiotics in human medicine. Therefore, the emergence of growing numbers of carbapenemase-producing bacteria in food-producing animals or the environment is worrying and an important concern for the public health sector. In the present study, a set of 45 Enterobacteriaceae isolated from German retail seafood (clams and shrimps), sampled in 2016, were investigated by real-time PCR for the presence of carbapenemase-producing bacteria. One Escherichia coli (ST10), isolated from a Venus clam (Ruditapes philippinarum) harvested in the Mediterranean Sea (Italy), contained the carbapenemase gene blaVIM-1 as part of the variable region of a class I integron...
October 2017: Euro Surveillance: Bulletin Européen sur les Maladies Transmissibles, European Communicable Disease Bulletin
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29089940/prevalence-molecular-characterization-and-antibiotic-susceptibility-of-cronobacter-sakazakii-isolates-from-powdered-infant-formula-collected-from-chinese-retail-markets
#19
Peng Fei, Yichao Jiang, Yan Jiang, Xiujuan Yuan, Tongxiang Yang, Junliang Chen, Ziyuan Wang, Huaibin Kang, Stephen J Forsythe
Cronobacter sakazakii is an opportunistic pathogen that causes severe infections in neonates and infants through contaminated powdered infant formula (PIF). Therefore, the aim of this study was a large-scale study on determine the prevalence, molecular characterization and antibiotic susceptibility of C. sakazakii isolates from PIF purchased from Chinese retail markets. Two thousand and twenty PIF samples were collected from different institutions. Fifty-six C. sakazakii strains were isolated, and identified using fusA sequencing analysis, giving a contamination rate of 2...
2017: Frontiers in Microbiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29084288/closely-related-methicillin-resistant-staphylococcus-aureus-isolates-from-retail-meat-cows-with-mastitis-and-humans-in-japan
#20
Tomomi Sato, Masaru Usui, Noriko Konishi, Akemi Kai, Hidehito Matsui, Hideaki Hanaki, Yutaka Tamura
Methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA) is a pervasive healthcare-acquired (HA) pathogen with recent emergence as a community-acquired (CA) pathogen. To elucidate whether meat mediates MRSA transmission between animals and humans in Japan, this study examined MRSA isolates from retail meat (n = 8), cows with mastitis (n = 7), and humans (HA-MRSA = 46 and CA-MRSA = 54) by molecular typing, virulence gene analyses, and antimicrobial susceptibility testing. MRSA isolates from retail meat were classified into sequence type (ST) 8/spa type t1767 (n = 4), ST8/t4133 (n = 1), ST59/t3385 (n = 1), ST88/t375 (n = 1), and ST509/t375 (n = 1)...
2017: PloS One
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