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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28103246/joint-optimization-of-distribution-network-design-and-two-echelon-inventory-control-with-stochastic-demand-and-co2-emission-tax-charges
#1
Shuangyan Li, Xialian Li, Dezhi Zhang, Lingyun Zhou
This study develops an optimization model to integrate facility location and inventory control for a three-level distribution network consisting of a supplier, multiple distribution centers (DCs), and multiple retailers. The integrated model addressed in this study simultaneously determines three types of decisions: (1) facility location (optimal number, location, and size of DCs); (2) allocation (assignment of suppliers to located DCs and retailers to located DCs, and corresponding optimal transport mode choices); and (3) inventory control decisions on order quantities, reorder points, and amount of safety stock at each retailer and opened DC...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28099089/genotypic-characterization-of-quinolone-resistant-escherichia-coli-isolates-from-retail-food-in-morocco
#2
Kaotar Nayme, Abouddihaj Barguigua, Brahim Bouchrif, Bouchra Karraouan, Fatima El Otmani, Naima Elmdaghri, Khalid Zerouali, Mohammed Timinouni
This study was conducted to assess the retail food as a possible vehicle for antimicrobial resistant, particularly quinolones resistant and pathogenic Escherichia coli. We determined the prevalence and characteristics of nalidixic acid (Nal) resistant E. coli isolates from diverse retail food samples. In all, 70 (28%) of 250 E. coli isolates studied were Nal-resistant E. coli and 91% of these were multi-drug resistant. Plasmid mediated quinolone resistance genes were identified in 32 isolates, including aac(6')-Ib-cr (n = 16), qnrS1 (n = 11) and qnrB19 (n = 7)...
February 2017: Journal of Environmental Science and Health. Part. B, Pesticides, Food Contaminants, and Agricultural Wastes
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28097713/pharmacist-industry-relationships
#3
Keene Saavedra, Bonnie O'Connor, Adriane Fugh-Berman
OBJECTIVES: The purpose of this study was to document, in their own words, beliefs and attitudes that American pharmacists have towards the pharmaceutical industry and pharmacists' interactions with industry. METHODS: An ethnographic-style qualitative study was conducted utilizing open-ended interviews with four hospital pharmacists, two independent pharmacists, two retail pharmacists and one administrative pharmacist in the Washington, DC, metropolitan area to elicit descriptions of and attitudes towards pharmacists' relationships with industry...
January 18, 2017: International Journal of Pharmacy Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28070733/glp-1-ra-treatment-patterns-among-type-2-diabetes-patients-in-five-european-countries
#4
Victoria Divino, Mitch DeKoven, Farhad Ali Khan, Kristina S Boye, Hélène Sapin, Kirsi Norrbacka
INTRODUCTION: Glucagon-like peptide-1 receptor agonists (GLP-1 RAs) are a relatively new class of injectable drugs used in the treatment of type 2 diabetes (T2D). This retrospective database study evaluated real-world treatment patterns of T2D patients initiating GLP-1 RAs in Belgium (BE), France (FR), Germany (DE), The Netherlands (NL) and Sweden (SE). METHODS: Adult T2D patients initiating exenatide twice daily (exBID), exenatide once weekly (exQW), liraglutide (LIRA) or lixisenatide (LIXI) during 2013 were identified using the QuintilesIMS (QuintilesIMS, Durham, NC, and Danbury, CT, USA) longitudinal retail pharmacy databases (LRx; BE/FR/DE/NL) and national health register data (SE)...
January 9, 2017: Diabetes Therapy: Research, Treatment and Education of Diabetes and related Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28070688/pharmacists-and-patients-feedback-on-empirically-designed-prescription-warning-labels-a-qualitative-study
#5
Olayinka O Shiyanbola, Paul D Smith, Yen-Ming Huang, Sonal Ghura Mansukhani
Background Recommendations call for the inclusion of both patient and provider input in the redesign of prescription labels. Pharmacist opinions on prescription warning labels are important because they are the health providers who would eventually distribute and explain the revised labels during medication counseling. They may be the first health provider to notice a patient's misunderstanding on how to safely use their prescription medications. Objectives To explore the perspectives of patients and pharmacists on five newly designed PWLs, and examine if there were similarities and differences between patients' and pharmacists' perspectives...
January 9, 2017: International Journal of Clinical Pharmacy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28062884/extended-spectrum-beta-lactamase-producing-enterobacteriaceae-in-retail-chicken-meat-in-singapore
#6
Eugene Jz Lim, Si Xian Ho, Delphine Yh Cao, Quek Choon Lau, Tse Hsien Koh, Li Yang Hsu
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 2016: Annals of the Academy of Medicine, Singapore
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28062464/extraintestinal-pathogenic-and-antimicrobial-resistant-escherichia-coli-including-sequence-type-131-st131-from-retail-chicken-breasts-united-states-2013
#7
James R Johnson, Stephen B Porter, Brian Johnston, Paul Thuras, Sarah Clock, Michael Crupain, Urvashi Rangan
: Chicken meat products are hypothesized to be vehicles for transmitting antimicrobial-resistant and extraintestinal pathogenic Escherichia coli (ExPEC) to consumers. To reassess this hypothesis in the current era of heightened concerns about food animal antimicrobial use, we analyzed 175 chicken-source E. coli isolates from a 2013 Consumer Reports national survey. Isolates were PCR-screened for ExPEC-defining virulence genes. The 25 ExPEC isolates (12% of 175) and a 2:1 randomly selected set of 50 non-ExPEC isolates were assessed for phylogenetic/clonal background and virulence genotypes, for comparison with resistance profiles and label claims ("organic", "no antibiotics", and "natural")...
January 6, 2017: Applied and Environmental Microbiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28061798/a-step-by-step-approach-to-improve-data-quality-when-using-commercial-business-lists-to-characterize-retail-food-environments
#8
Kelly K Jones, Shannon N Zenk, Elizabeth Tarlov, Lisa M Powell, Stephen A Matthews, Irina Horoi
BACKGROUND: Food environment characterization in health studies often requires data on the location of food stores and restaurants. While commercial business lists are commonly used as data sources for such studies, current literature provides little guidance on how to use validation study results to make decisions on which commercial business list to use and how to maximize the accuracy of those lists. Using data from a retrospective cohort study [Weight And Veterans' Environments Study (WAVES)], we (a) explain how validity and bias information from existing validation studies (count accuracy, classification accuracy, locational accuracy, as well as potential bias by neighborhood racial/ethnic composition, economic characteristics, and urbanicity) were used to determine which commercial business listing to purchase for retail food outlet data and (b) describe the methods used to maximize the quality of the data and results of this approach...
January 7, 2017: BMC Research Notes
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28060568/inspection-frequency-sociodemographic-factors-and-food-safety-violations-in-chain-and-nonchain-restaurants-philadelphia-pennsylvania-2013-2014
#9
Sarah E Leinwand, Karen Glanz, Brendan T Keenan, Charles C Branas
OBJECTIVES: We explored how restaurant inspection frequency and restaurant neighborhood sociodemographic characteristics are related to food safety inspection outcomes in chain and nonchain restaurants to better understand external factors that may influence inspection outcomes. METHODS: We categorized the results of restaurant inspections in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, in 2013 and 2014 by restaurant type (chain or nonchain), inspection frequency (1, 2, or ≥3 per 2-year study period), and violation type (total number of violations, foodborne-illness risk factor violation, or good retail practice violation)...
January 1, 2017: Public Health Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28058252/risk-assessment-in-the-recovery-of-food-for-social-solidarity-purposes-preliminary-data
#10
Vesna Milicevic, Giampaolo Colavita, Marta Castrica, Sabrina Ratti, Antonella Baldi, Claudia M Balzaretti
The most recent study, conducted by Politecnico of Milan, on food surplus management in Italy shows that in the Italian food supply chain the food surplus is around 5.5 million tons/year, and the amount of food wasted is around 5.1 million tons/year. During 2015, the charitable organizations (COs) belonging to the Italian Food Bank Network, active in recovering and distributing food for social solidarity's purposes, reused 381,345 tons of food from 2292 donors. The main supplying sources of the Banco Alimentare Network are: food industries, organized large-scale retail trade and collective catering service...
September 20, 2016: Italian Journal of Food Safety
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28058243/assessment-of-perfluorooctane-sulfonate-and-perfluorooctanoic-acid-exposure-through-fish-consumption-in-italy
#11
Andrea Barbarossa, Teresa Gazzotti, Federica Farabegoli, Francesca R Mancini, Elisa Zironi, Luca Busani, Giampiero Pagliuca
Perfluoroalkyl and polyfluoroalkyl substances (PFASs) are pollutants of anthropic origin with possible side effects on human health. Diet, and in particular fish and seafood, is considered the major intake pathway for humans. The present study investigated the levels of perfluorooctane sulfonate (PFOS) and perfluorooctanoic acid (PFOA) contamination in twenty-five samples of fresh fillet of five widely consumed fish species purchased from large retailers in Italy, to be used for an estimation of the Italian population exposure to these contaminants...
September 20, 2016: Italian Journal of Food Safety
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28056140/benefits-and-limitations-of-entry-level-3-dimensional-printing-of-maxillofacial-skeletal-models
#12
Alex T Legocki, Andrew Duffy-Peter, Andrew R Scott
Importance: A protocol for creating exceptionally low-cost 3-dimensional (3-D) maxillofacial skeletal models does not require proficiency with computer software or intensive labor. Small and less affluent centers can produce models with little loss in accuracy and clinical utility. Objectives: To highlight the feasibility and methods of introducing in-house, entry-level additive manufacturing (3-D printing) technology to otolaryngologic craniofacial reconstruction and to describe its clinical applications and limitations, including a comparison with available vendor models...
January 5, 2017: JAMA Otolaryngology—Head & Neck Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28056081/comparative-exposure-assessment-of-esbl-producing-escherichia-coli-through-meat-consumption
#13
Eric G Evers, Annemarie Pielaat, Joost H Smid, Engeline van Duijkeren, Francy B C Vennemann, Lucas M Wijnands, Jurgen E Chardon
The presence of extended-spectrum β-lactamase (ESBL) and plasmidic AmpC (pAmpC) producing Escherichia coli (EEC) in food animals, especially broilers, has become a major public health concern. The aim of the present study was to quantify the EEC exposure of humans in The Netherlands through the consumption of meat from different food animals. Calculations were done with a simplified Quantitative Microbiological Risk Assessment (QMRA) model. The model took the effect of pre-retail processing, storage at the consumers home and preparation in the kitchen (cross-contamination and heating) on EEC numbers on/in the raw meat products into account...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28056011/escherichia-coli-o157-h7-infections-associated-with-contaminated-pork-products-alberta-canada-july-october-2014
#14
Lance Honish, Nisha Punja, Sarah Nunn, Dale Nelson, Nyall Hislop, Garth Gosselin, Natisha Stashko, Darlene Dittrich
During July-October 2014, an outbreak of 119 Escherichia coli O157:H7 infections in Alberta, Canada was identified through notifiable disease surveillance and investigated by local, provincial, and federal public health and food regulatory agencies. Twenty-three (19%) patients were hospitalized, six of whom developed hemolytic uremic syndrome; no deaths were reported. Informed by case interviews, seven potential food sources were identified and investigated. The majority of patients reported having consumed meals containing pork at Asian-style restaurants in multiple geographically diverse Alberta cities during their exposure period...
January 6, 2017: MMWR. Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28054955/which-food-security-determinants-predict-adequate-vegetable-consumption-among-rural-western-australian-children
#15
Stephanie L Godrich, Johnny Lo, Christina R Davies, Jill Darby, Amanda Devine
Improving the suboptimal vegetable consumption among the majority of Australian children is imperative in reducing chronic disease risk. The objective of this research was to determine whether there was a relationship between food security determinants (FSD) (i.e., food availability, access, and utilisation dimensions) and adequate vegetable consumption among children living in regional and remote Western Australia (WA). Caregiver-child dyads (n = 256) living in non-metropolitan/rural WA completed cross-sectional surveys that included questions on FSD, demographics and usual vegetable intake...
January 3, 2017: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28053923/prevalence-of-foodborne-pathogens-in-cooked-meat-and-seafood-from-2010-to-2013-in-shandong-province-china
#16
Hua-Ning Zhang, Pei-Bin Hou, Yu-Zhen Chen, Yu Ma, Xin-Peng Li, Hui Lv, Mei Wang, Hai-Lian Tan, Zhen-Wang Bi
BACKGROUND: Current food safety issues are deleteriously reshaping the lifestyle of the population in the developing world. The globalization of food supply impacts patterns of foodborne disease outbreaks worldwide, and consumers are having increased concern about microbiological food safety. METHODS: A total of 2305 samples including sauced meat, sausage, smoked meat, shrimp, sashimi and shellfish were collected from different farmer's markets and supermarkets...
December 2016: Iranian Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28053655/an-investigation-of-fungal-contamination-on-the-surface-of-medicinal-herbs-in-china
#17
Run-Sheng Zheng, Wen-Li Wang, Jing Tan, Hui Xu, Ruo-Ting Zhan, Wei-Wen Chen
BACKGROUND: The dried parts of medicinal herbs are susceptible to the infection of fungi during pre- or post-harvest procedure. This study aimed to investigate the presence of fungi and their metabolites mycotoxins on the surface of medicinal herbs collected from China. METHODS: Forty-five retail samples of 15 different medicinal herbs were collected from 3 different regions in China. Then the potential fungi were immediately washed off from the surface of each sample with 0...
2017: Chinese Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28049481/expanding-access-to-parasite-based-malaria-diagnosis-through-retail-drug-shops-in-tanzania-evidence-from-a-randomized-trial-and-implications-for-treatment
#18
Kathleen Maloney, Abigail Ward, Bonnie Krenz, Nora Petty, Lindsay Bryson, Caitlin Dolkart, Theodoor Visser, Arnaud Le Menach, Valerie K Scott, Justin M Cohen, Esther Mtumbuka, Sigsbert Mkude
BACKGROUND: Tanzania has seen a reduction in the fraction of fevers caused by malaria, likely due in part to scale-up of control measures. While national guidelines require parasite-based diagnosis prior to treatment, it is estimated that more than half of suspected malaria treatment-seeking in Tanzania initiates in the private retail sector, where diagnosis by malaria rapid diagnostic test (RDT) or microscopy is illegal. This pilot study investigated whether the introduction of RDTs into Accredited Drug Dispensing Outlets (ADDOs) under realistic market conditions would improve case management practices...
January 3, 2017: Malaria Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28044048/dietary-supplements-and-young-teens-misinformation-and-access-provided-by-retailers
#19
Maguire Herriman, Laura Fletcher, Alexis Tchaconas, Andrew Adesman, Ruth Milanaik
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVE: Despite the American Academy of Pediatrics' recommendations against pediatric use of creatine and testosterone boosters, research suggests that many young teenagers take these dietary supplements. Our objective was to determine to what extent health food stores would recommend and/or sell creatine and testosterone boosters to a 15-year-old boy customer. METHODS: Research personnel posing as 15-year-old high school athletes seeking to increase muscle strength contacted 244 health food stores in the United States via telephone...
January 2, 2017: Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28044010/electronic-cigarette-retailers-use-pok%C3%A3-mon-go-to-market-products
#20
Matthew G Kirkpatrick, Tess Boley Cruz, Nicholas I Goldenson, Jon-Patrick Allem, Kar-Hai Chu, Mary Ann Pentz, Jennifer B Unger
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 2, 2017: Tobacco Control
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