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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28535777/plasma-phospholipid-fatty-acid-profile-confirms-compliance-to-a-novel-saturated-fat-reduced-monounsaturated-fat-enriched-dairy-product-intervention-in-adults-at-moderate-cardiovascular-risk-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#1
Oonagh Markey, Dafni Vasilopoulou, Kirsty E Kliem, Albert Koulman, Colette C Fagan, Keith Summerhill, Laura Y Wang, Alistair S Grandison, David J Humphries, Susan Todd, Kim G Jackson, David I Givens, Julie A Lovegrove
BACKGROUND: Dairy products are a major contributor to dietary SFA. Partial replacement of milk SFA with unsaturated fatty acids (FAs) is possible through oleic-acid rich supplementation of the dairy cow diet. To assess adherence to the intervention of SFA-reduced, MUFA-enriched dairy product consumption in the RESET (REplacement of SaturatEd fat in dairy on Total cholesterol) study using 4-d weighed dietary records, in addition to plasma phospholipid FA (PL-FA) status. METHODS: In a randomised, controlled, crossover design, free-living UK participants identified as moderate risk for CVD (n = 54) were required to replace habitually consumed dairy foods (milk, cheese and butter), with study products with a FA profile typical of retail products (control) or SFA-reduced, MUFA-enriched profile (modified), for two 12-week periods, separated by an 8-week washout period...
May 23, 2017: Nutrition Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28534060/food-swamps-by-area-socioeconomic-deprivation-in-new-zealand-a-national-study
#2
Zaynel Sushil, Stefanie Vandevijvere, Daniel J Exeter, Boyd Swinburn
OBJECTIVES: A nationwide spatial analysis of community retail food environments in relation to area socioeconomic deprivation was conducted in New Zealand. METHODS: Addresses from about 20,000 registered food outlets were retrieved from all 66 Councils. Outlets were classified, geocoded and (spatially) validated. The analysis included 4087 convenience, 4316 fast food/takeaway and 1271 supermarket and fruit/vegetable outlets and excluded outlets not considered 'healthy' or 'unhealthy'...
May 22, 2017: International Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28531302/effects-of-financial-incentives-for-smoking-cessation-on-mood-and-anxiety-symptoms-among-pregnant-and-newly-postpartum-women
#3
Ivori Zvorsky, Joan M Skelly, Stephen T Higgins
Introduction: Financial incentives for smoking cessation increase smoking abstinence and decrease Beck Depression Inventory (BDI) scores among depression-prone pregnant and postpartum women. The present study is a secondary analysis using the Brief Symptom Inventory (BSI) to examine whether this treatment impacts a broader array of mood and anxiety symptoms. Methods: Participants (N = 253) were pregnant cigarette smokers who participated in four controlled clinical trials examining the efficacy of financial incentives for smoking cessation...
May 19, 2017: Nicotine & Tobacco Research: Official Journal of the Society for Research on Nicotine and Tobacco
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28531097/evolution-not-revolution-nutrition-and-obesity
#4
Elaine C Rush, Mary R Yan
The increasing prevalence of obesity over the course of life is a global health challenge because of its strong and positive association with significant health problems such as type 2 diabetes, cardiovascular disease, stroke, and some cancers. The complex causes and drivers of obesity include genetic factors, social, ecological and political influences, food production and supply, and dietary patterns. Public health messages and government food and activity guidelines have little impact; the retail food environment has many low-priced, nutrient-poor, but energy-dense products and there is a gap between what an individual knows and what they do...
May 20, 2017: Nutrients
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28529502/effect-of-rocket-eruca-sativa-extract-on-mrsa-growth-and-proteome-metabolic-adjustments-in-plant-based-media
#5
Agapi I Doulgeraki, Georgios Efthimiou, Spiros Paramithiotis, Katherine M Pappas, Milton A Typas, George-John Nychas
The emergence of methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA) in food has provoked a great concern about the presence of MRSA in associated foodstuff. Although MRSA is often detected in various retailed meat products, it seems that food handlers are more strongly associated with this type of food contamination. Thus, it can be easily postulated that any food could be contaminated with this pathogen in an industrial environment or in household and cause food poisoning. To this direction, the effect of rocket (Eruca sativa) extract on MRSA growth and proteome was examined in the present study...
2017: Frontiers in Microbiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28529041/treatment-of-supermarket-vegetable-wastes-to-be-used-as-alternative-substrates-in-bioprocesses
#6
Ana Isabel Díaz, Amanda Laca, Adriana Laca, Mario Díaz
Fruits and vegetables have the highest wastage rates at retail and consumer levels. These wastes have promising potential for being used as substrates in bioprocesses. However, an effective hydrolysis of carbohydrates that form these residues has to be developed before the biotransformation. In this work, vegetable wastes from supermarket (tomatoes, green peppers and potatoes) have been separately treated by acid, thermal and enzymatic hydrolysis processes in order to maximise the concentration of fermentable sugars in the final broth...
May 18, 2017: Waste Management
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28526758/the-proliferation-of-we-sell-tobacco-here-signs-at-the-point-of-sale-of-tobacco-retailers-in-melbourne-australia
#7
Megan Bayly, Michelle Scollo, Melanie Wakefield
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
May 19, 2017: Tobacco Control
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28526478/price-and-convenience-the-influence-of-supermarkets-on-consumption-of-ultra-processed-foods-and-beverages-in-brazil
#8
Priscila Pereira Machado, Rafael Moreira Claro, Daniela Silva Canella, Flávia Mori Sarti, Renata Bertazzi Levy
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the influence of convenience and price of ultra-processed foods and beverages on purchases at supermarkets. METHODS: The study used data on food and beverage acquisition for household consumption from the Brazilian Household Budget Survey, performed in a random sample of 55,970 households between 2008 and 2009. Foods and beverages were categorized into four groups, according to characteristics of food processing. Retail stores were grouped into supermarkets and other food stores...
May 17, 2017: Appetite
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28526005/validation-of-commercial-business-lists-as-a-proxy-for-licensed-alcohol-outlets
#9
Heather A Carlos, Joy Gabrielli, James D Sargent
BACKGROUND: Studies of retail alcohol outlets are restricted to regions due to lack of U.S. national data. Commercial business lists (BL) offer a possible solution, but no data exists to determine if BLs could serve as an adequate proxy for license data. This paper compares geospatial measures of alcohol outlets derived from a commercial BL with license data for a large US state. METHODS: We validated BL data as a measure of off-premise alcohol outlet density and proximity compared to license data for 5528 randomly selected California residential addresses...
May 19, 2017: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28524085/present-food-shopping-habits-in-the-spanish-adult-population-a-cross-sectional-study
#10
María Achón, María Serrano, Ángela García-González, Elena Alonso-Aperte, Gregorio Varela-Moreiras
Information on grocery shopping patterns is one key to understanding dietary changes in recent years in Spain. This report presents an overview of Spanish food shopping patterns in the adult population. A cross-sectional, nationally representative telephone survey was conducted in Spain. Individuals were asked about food shopping responsibility roles, types of visited food stores, time spent, additional behaviors while shopping, the influence of marketing/advertising and, in particular, fresh produce shopping profile...
May 18, 2017: Nutrients
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28522642/influence-of-drug-class-and-healthcare-setting-on-systemic-antifungal-expenditures-in-the-united-states-2005-15
#11
Margaret A Fitzpatrick, Katie J Suda, Charlesnika T Evans, Robert J Hunkler, Frances Weaver, Glen T Schumock
PURPOSE: Overall and specific class trends in systemic antifungal expenditures in various U.S. healthcare settings from 2005 through 2015 were evaluated. METHODS: Systemic antifungal expenditures from January 1, 2005, through December 31, 2015, were obtained from the QuintilesIMS National Sales Perspective database, which provides a statistically valid projection of medication purchases from multiple markets throughout the United States. Summary data for total antifungal expenditures over the entire period are reported, as are growth and the percentage change in expenditures from one year to the next...
May 18, 2017: American Journal of Health-system Pharmacy: AJHP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28522208/wasted-food-wasted-nutrients-nutrient-loss-from-wasted-food-in-the-united-states-and-comparison-to-gaps-in-dietary-intake
#12
Marie L Spiker, Hazel A B Hiza, Sameer M Siddiqi, Roni A Neff
BACKGROUND: Previous research has estimated that wasted food in the United States contains between 1,249 and 1,400 kcal per capita per day, but little is known about amounts of other nutrients embedded in the 31% to 40% of food that is wasted. OBJECTIVE: This research aimed to calculate the nutritional value of food wasted at the retail and consumer levels in the US food supply, and contextualize the amount of nutrient loss in terms of gaps between current and recommended intakes and estimated food recovery potential...
May 11, 2017: Journal of the Academy of Nutrition and Dietetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28520477/minimum-stocking-requirements-for-retailers-in-the-special-supplemental-nutrition-program-for-women-infants-and-children-disparities-across-us-states
#13
Jennifer E Pelletier, Liana R N Schreiber, Melissa N Laska
OBJECTIVES: To examine state variation in minimum stocking requirements for Special Supplemental Nutrition Program for Women, Infants, and Children (WIC)-authorized small food retailers. METHODS: We obtained minimum stocking requirements for 50 states and the District of Columbia in 2017 from WIC Web pages or e-mail from the state WIC agency. We developed a coding protocol to compare minimum quantities and varieties required for 12 food and beverage categories. We calculated the median, range, and interquartile range for each measure...
May 18, 2017: American Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28514988/how-latina-mothers-navigate-a-food-swamp-to-feed-their-children-a-photovoice-approach
#14
Uriyoán Colón-Ramos, Rafael Monge-Rojas, Elena Cremm, Ivonne M Rivera, Elizabeth L Andrade, Mark C Edberg
OBJECTIVE: To understand how mothers who recently migrated from Central America to the USA feed their children in a neighbourhood saturated with unhealthful food choices ('food swamp') and to formulate a mother-driven plan of action to facilitate their acquisition of foods. Design/Setting/Subjects We purposively sampled mothers with children (<10 years old) who were recent immigrants/refugees from Central America and lived in a 'food swamp' neighbourhood. We used the photovoice approach to elicit textual data from thirty in-depth interviews, a participatory workshop, and visual data from photographs...
May 18, 2017: Public Health Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28514708/the-effect-of-lamb-carcase-weight-and-gr-depth-on-the-production-of-value-added-cuts-a-short-communication
#15
Stephanie M Fowler, Jordan M Hoban, Remy van de Ven, Graham Gardner, David W Pethick, David L Hopkins
Times for the progressive breakdown of 95 lamb carcases were recorded to determine the impact of carcase weight and GR tissue depth on the time and therefore cost to produce value added retail cuts. Further analysis also assessed the potential to use these carcase traits as predictors of fabrication times. Regression modeling demonstrated there was a limited ability to predict the difference in time to fabricate mid value-added (R(2)=0.18) and extreme value-added (R(2)=0.12) cuts compared to traditional cuts, suggesting that other factors need to be considered...
May 11, 2017: Meat Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28511110/determination-of-regional-relationships-among-salmonella-spp-isolated-from-retail-pork-circulating-in-the-chiang-mai-municipality-area-using-a-wgs-data-approach
#16
Prapas Patchanee, Thanaporn Eiamsam-Ang, Juntakarn Vanaseang, Phacharaporn Boonkhot, Pakpoom Tadee
Salmonella is recognized as a significant zoonotic foodborne pathogen, and pork products are involved in one-fifth of infections. Whole genome sequencing data of Salmonella isolated from retail's pork circulating in the Chiang Mai Municipality area between April 2013 and September 2014, were used to focus on genetic diversity and proven in pig-human transmission based on Multilocus Sequence Typing (MLST). Additionally, WGS data were used to investigate virulence genes, to assess the hazard or pathogenic potential transferred into the food production chain...
May 10, 2017: International Journal of Food Microbiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28510267/the-jack-wills-crowd-towards-a-sociology-of-an-elite-subculture
#17
Anthony King, Daniel Smith
British sociologists have long been interested in youth sub-cultures. However British sociologists have tended to focus on working class subcultures and avoided engagement with exclusive sub-cultures of elite social groups. This article seeks to attend to this gap by examining the subculture of a British elite: ex-public school students at select universities in the UK in the twenty-first century. This group consists of a relatively small group of young adults, aged between 18 and 23, who attended public schools, especially one of the nine Clarendon schools (Eton, Winchester, Westminster, St...
May 16, 2017: British Journal of Sociology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28505584/development-of-a-gold-nanoparticle-based-universal-oligonucleotide-microarray-for-multiplex-and-low-cost-detection-of-foodborne-pathogens
#18
Xiaoqiang Wang, Sisi Ying, Xiaoguang Wei, Jun Yuan
Bacterial foodborne diseases remain major threats to food safety and public health, especially in developing countries. In this study a novel assay, combining gold nanoparticle (GNP)-based multiplex oligonucleotide ligation-PCR and universal oligonucleotide microarray technology, was developed for inexpensive, specific, sensitive, and multiplex detection of eight common foodborne pathogens, including Shigella spp., Campylobacter jejuni, Bacillus cereus, Escherichia coli O157:H7, Listeria monocytogenes, Salmonella enterica, Staphylococcus aureus, and Vibrio parahaemolyticus...
May 9, 2017: International Journal of Food Microbiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28505141/a-decade-of-progress-toward-ending-the-intensive-confinement-of-farm-animals-in-the-united-states
#19
Sara Shields, Paul Shapiro, Andrew Rowan
In this paper, the Humane Society of the United States (HSUS) farm animal protection work over the preceding decade is described from the perspective of the organization. Prior to 2002, there were few legal protections for animals on the farm, and in 2005, a new campaign at the HSUS began to advance state ballot initiatives throughout the country, with a decisive advancement in California (Proposition 2) that paved the way for further progress. Combining legislative work with undercover farm and slaughterhouse investigations, litigation and corporate engagement, the HSUS and fellow animal protection organizations have made substantial progress in transitioning the veal, pork and egg industries away from intensive confinement systems that keep the animals in cages and crates...
May 15, 2017: Animals: An Open Access Journal From MDPI
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28504616/prevalence-and-characterization-of-campylobacter-jejuni-isolated-from-retail-chicken-in-tianjin-china
#20
Hui Ma, Yulan Su, Luyao Ma, Lina Ma, Ping Li, Xinjun Du, Greta Gölz, Shuo Wang, Xiaonan Lu
Campylobacter jejuni is an important foodborne pathogen worldwide; however, there is a lack of information on the prevalence and antibiotic-resistant profile of C. jejuni in the People's Republic of China. We determined the prevalence and characteristics of C. jejuni on the retail level in Tianjin, one of the five national central cities in China. A total of 227 samples of chicken wings, legs, and breasts were collected from supermarkets and wet markets; 42 of these samples were confirmed to be positive for Campylobacter contamination...
May 15, 2017: Journal of Food Protection
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