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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28654203/effects-of-storage-temperature-on-bacterial-growth-rates-and-community-structure-in-fresh-retail-sushi
#1
Sunniva Hoel, Anita Nordeng Jakobsen, Olav Vadstein
AIMS: This study was conducted to assess the effects of different storage temperatures (4 to 20 °C), on bacterial concentrations, growth rates and community structure in fresh retail sushi, a popular retail product with a claimed shelf life of two to three days. METHODS AND RESULTS: The maximum specific growth rate based on aerobic plate count (APC) at 4 °C was 0.06 h(-1) , and displayed a 6-fold increase (0.37 h(-1) ) at 20 °C. Refrigeration resulted in no growth of hydrogen sulfide (H2 S)-producing bacteria, but this group had the strongest temperature response...
June 27, 2017: Journal of Applied Microbiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28651376/comparison-of-sampling-strategies-for-tobacco-retailer-inspections-to-maximize-coverage-in-vulnerable-areas-and-minimize-cost
#2
Joseph G L Lee, Bonnie E Shook-Sa, J Michael Bowling, Kurt M Ribisl
Introduction: In the United States, tens of thousands of inspections of tobacco retailers are conducted each year. Various sampling choices can reduce travel costs, emphasize enforcement in areas with greater non-compliance, and allow for comparability between states and over time. We sought to develop a model sampling strategy for state tobacco retailer inspections. Methods: Using a 2014 list of 10,161 North Carolina tobacco retailers, we compared results from simple random sampling; stratified, clustered at the ZIP code sampling; and, stratified, clustered at the census tract sampling...
June 23, 2017: Nicotine & Tobacco Research: Official Journal of the Society for Research on Nicotine and Tobacco
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28646056/campylobacter-levels-in-fresh-chickens-down-on-2016-retailer-survey-shows
#3
(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
June 24, 2017: Veterinary Record
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28645212/google-searches-for-cheap-cigarettes-spike-at-tax-increases-evidence-from-an-algorithm-to-detect-spikes-in-time-series-data
#4
Theodore L Caputi
Introduction: Online cigarette dealers have lower prices than brick-and-mortar retailers and advertise tax-free status 1-8. Previous studies show smokers search out these online alternatives at the time of a cigarette tax increase 9-10. However, these studies rely upon researchers' decision to consider a specific date and preclude the possibility that researchers focus on the wrong date. The purpose of this study is to introduce an unbiased methodology to the field of observing search patterns and to use this methodology to determine whether smokers search Google for "cheap cigarettes" at cigarette tax increases and, if so, whether the increased level of searches persists...
June 22, 2017: Nicotine & Tobacco Research: Official Journal of the Society for Research on Nicotine and Tobacco
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28641460/variability-in-strength-of-red-yeast-rice-supplements-purchased-from-mainstream-retailers
#5
Pieter A Cohen, Bharathi Avula, Ikhlas A Khan
The United States Food and Drug Administration (FDA) has introduced manufacturing standards for dietary supplements, including red yeast rice, to assure their identity, purity, strength, and composition. One supplement commonly used to self-treat high cholesterol, red yeast rice, may contain monacolin K, an ingredient identical to prescription lovastatin. We examined whether FDA's manufacturing standards led to standard concentrations of the statin monacolin K in red yeast rice supplements. We analyzed 28 brands of red yeast rice supplements by ultra-high performance liquid chromatography-diode array detector-quadrupole time-of-flight mass spectrometry for monacolin K content...
January 1, 2017: European Journal of Preventive Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28640196/vitamin-d%C3%A2-and-25-hydroxyvitamin-d%C3%A2-content-of-retail-white-fish-and-eggs-in-australia
#6
Eleanor Dunlop, Judy Cunningham, Jill L Sherriff, Robyn M Lucas, Heather Greenfield, Jayashree Arcot, Norbert Strobel, Lucinda J Black
Dietary vitamin D may compensate for inadequate sun exposure; however, there have been few investigations into the vitamin D content of Australian foods. We measured vitamin D₃ and 25-hydroxyvitamin D₃ (25(OH)D₃) in four species of white fish (barramundi, basa, hoki and king dory), and chicken eggs (cage and free-range), purchased from five Australian cities. Samples included local, imported and wild-caught fish, and eggs of varying size from producers with a range of hen stocking densities. Raw and cooked samples were analysed using high performance liquid chromatography with photodiode array...
June 22, 2017: Nutrients
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28638314/in-person-retail-marketing-claims-in-tobacco-and-e-cigarette-shops-in-southern-california
#7
Joshua S Yang, Michele M Wood, Katelynn Peirce
BACKGROUND: E-cigarette use has been increasing in the United States, though knowledge of potential risks and harms associated with e-cigarette use is low. Marketing of e-cigarettes may serve as a source of information to shape beliefs and attitudes toward e-cigarettes. The purpose of this study was to identify the most common marketing claims made within "vape" and tobacco shops in sales interactions with customers in demographically diverse cities. METHODS: Vape and tobacco shops from three diverse cities in Southern California were selected for inclusion in the study...
2017: Tobacco Induced Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28633687/facilitators-and-barriers-experienced-by-federal-cross-sector-partners-during-the-implementation-of-a-healthy-eating-campaign
#8
Melissa Anne Fernandez, Sophie Desroches, Marie Marquis, Mylène Turcotte, Véronique Provencher
OBJECTIVE: To identify facilitators and barriers that Health Canada's (HC) cross-sector partners experienced while implementing the Eat Well Campaign: Food Skills (EWC; 2013-2014) and describe how these experiences might differ according to distinct partner types. DESIGN: A qualitative study using hour-long semi-structured telephone interviews conducted with HC partners that were transcribed verbatim. Facilitators and barriers were identified inductively and analysed according partner types...
June 21, 2017: Public Health Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28630699/nutritional-correlates-of-monetary-diet-cost-in-young-middle-aged-and-older-japanese-women
#9
Keiko Shiraki, Kentaro Murakami, Hitomi Okubo, M Barbara E Livingstone, Satomi Kobayashi, Hitomi Suga, Satoshi Sasaki
Studies in many Western countries have consistently shown that monetary diet cost is positively associated with diet quality, but this may not necessarily be the case in Japan. This cross-sectional study examined the nutritional correlates of monetary diet cost among 3963 young (all 18 years old), 3800 middle-aged (mean age 48 years) and 2211 older (mean age 74 years) Japanese women. Dietary intakes were assessed using a comprehensive self-administered diet history questionnaire for young and middle-aged women and a brief self-administered diet history questionnaire for older women...
2017: Journal of Nutritional Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28629969/prevalence-and-serotype-distribution-of-listeria-monocytogenes-isolated-from-foods-in-montevideo-uruguay
#10
Valeria Braga, Sylvia Vázquez, Victoria Vico, Valeria Pastorino, María Inés Mota, Marcela Legnani, Felipe Schelotto, Gustavo Lancibidad, Gustavo Varela
The aim of this work was to study the prevalence of Listeria monocytogenes in foods obtained in retail shops and food industries located in Montevideo-Uruguay, and to identify the serogroups of the obtained isolates. Three-thousand one-hundred and seventy-five food samples (frozen, deli meats, ready-to-eat and cheese) were analyzed. The obtained isolates were serogrouped by multiplex PCR and serotyped by conventional procedure. Genetic comparisons were performed using pulsed-field gel electrophoresis on a sub-set of isolates belonging to the same serotype successively recovered from the same establishment...
June 3, 2017: Brazilian Journal of Microbiology: [publication of the Brazilian Society for Microbiology]
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28629475/can-formalizing-links-among-community-health-workers-accredited-drug-dispensing-outlet-dispensers-and-health-facility-staff-increase-their-collaboration-to-improve-prompt-access-to-maternal-and-child-care-a-qualitative-study-in-tanzania
#11
Angel Dillip, Suleiman Kimatta, Martha Embrey, John C Chalker, Richard Valimba, Mariam Malliwah, John Meena, Rachel Lieber, Keith Johnson
BACKGROUND: In Tanzania, progress toward achieving the 2015 Millennium Development Goals for maternal and newborn health was slow. An intervention brought together community health workers, health facility staff, and accredited drug dispensing outlet (ADDO) dispensers to improve maternal and newborn health through a mechanism of collaboration and referral. This study explored barriers, successes, and promising approaches to increasing timely access to care by linking the three levels of health care provision...
June 19, 2017: BMC Health Services Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28629470/policy-lessons-from-health-taxes-a-systematic-review-of-empirical-studies
#12
Alexandra Wright, Katherine E Smith, Mark Hellowell
BACKGROUND: Taxes on alcohol and tobacco have long been an important means of raising revenues for public spending in many countries but there is increasing interest in using taxes on these, and other unhealthy products, to achieve public health goals. We present a systematic review of the research on health taxes, and aim to generate insights into how such taxes can: (i) reduce consumption of targeted products and related harms; (ii) generate revenues for health objectives and distribute the tax burden across income groups in an efficient and equitable manner; and (iii) be made politically sustainable...
June 19, 2017: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28629454/impact-of-pharmacy-channel-on-adherence-to-oral-oncolytics
#13
Michael Stokes, Carolina Reyes, Yu Xia, Veronica Alas, Hans-Peter Goertz, Luke Boulanger
BACKGROUND: Oral chemotherapy is increasingly prescribed to treat cancer. Despite its benefits, concerns have been raised regarding adherence to therapy. The study objective was to compare and measure adherence, persistence, and abandonment in patients filling prescriptions in traditional retail (TR) versus specialty pharmacy (SP) channels. METHODS: Using a retrospective cohort design, we selected newly treated patients aged ≥18 years with a prescription for erlotinib, capecitabine, or imatinib during 2007-2011 from a Medco population of both United States commercial and Medicare health plans...
June 19, 2017: BMC Health Services Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28626503/does-a-free-office-visit-affect-primary-care-seeking-behavior-a-study-of-new-exchange-health-plan-enrollees-in-mississippi
#14
Bettina M Beech, Tristan Cordier, Laura E Happe, Laura Trunk, Gilbert S Haugh, Richard Kwong, Vipin Gopal, Roy A Beveridge
BACKGROUND: Given the positive association between primary care and overall health, several health plans are offering doctors' visits without patient copay, with the intent to increase primary care use. However, the effectiveness of these offers has not been established in the literature. OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the impact of a free primary care provider (PCP) office visit offered by a health plan on primary care-seeking behaviors. METHODS: This nonrandomized concurrent control study used event/trials logistic regression to compare the differences in primary care utilization between new exchange enrollees in Mississippi who were offered a free nonpreventive PCP visit and concurrent controls from Georgia and Tennessee who were not offered a free visit, between January 1, 2014, and December 31, 2014, which was the first year of the exchange plans...
April 2017: American Health & Drug Benefits
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28625892/consumers-acceptance-of-medicinal-herbs-an-application-of-the-technology-acceptance-model-tam
#15
Nargesh Khatun Jokar, Seyyed Ali Noorhosseini, Mohammad Sadegh Allahyari, Christos A Damalas
ETHNOPHARMACOLOGICAL RELEVANCE: The shift in consumers' preferences from synthetic to 'natural' products has led to a resurgence of interest in medicinal plants, particularly in developing countries. However, research data about consumers' preferences for particular products is hard to find. AIMS AND OBJECTIVES: The main objective of this study was to contribute to the general understanding of consumers' intention for selecting medicinal herbs for consumption. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Factors underpinning consumers' acceptance of medicinal herbs were studied with the technology acceptance model (TAM) in Rasht City of Iran using a structured questionnaire...
June 15, 2017: Journal of Ethnopharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28625335/provision-of-information-to-consumers-about-the-calorie-content-of-alcoholic-drinks-did-the-responsibility-deal-pledge-by-alcohol-retailers-and-producers-increase-the-availability-of-calorie-information
#16
M Petticrew, N Douglas, C Knai, N Maani Hessari, M A Durand, E Eastmure, N Mays
OBJECTIVES: Alcohol is a significant source of dietary calories and is a contributor to obesity. Industry pledges to provide calorie information to consumers have been cited as reasons for not introducing mandatory ingredient labelling. As part of the Public Health Responsibility Deal (RD) in England, alcohol retailers and producers committed to providing consumers with information on the calorie content of alcoholic drinks. This study examines what was achieved following this commitment and considers the implications for current industry commitments to provide information on alcohol calories...
May 27, 2017: Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28622060/parental-occupations-and-risk-for-crohn-s-disease-in-children
#17
Jobin Eslahpazir, Rituanjali Kumar, Ali Lalavi, Devendra K Amre
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Lacunae exist on the identity of specific environmental risk factors that associate with Crohn's disease (CD). We hypothesized that indirect exposures acquired via the parents' occupation may confer susceptibility. METHODS: A case-control study based on children diagnosed with CD (prior to age 20) at a tertiary care gastroenterology clinic in Montreal, Canada was carried out. Population- and hospital-based controls without IBD were selected...
June 16, 2017: Scandinavian Journal of Gastroenterology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28621583/effect-of-a-publicly-accessible-disclosure-system-on-food-safety-inspection-scores-in-retail-and-food-service-establishments
#18
Jihee Choi, Robert L Scharff
The increased frequency with which people are dining out coupled with an increase in the publicity of foodborne disease outbreaks has led the public to an increased awareness of food safety issues associated with food service establishments. To accommodate consumer needs, local health departments have increasingly publicized food establishments' health inspection scores. The objective of this study was to estimate the effect of the color-coded inspection score disclosure system in place since 2006 in Columbus, OH, by controlling for several confounding factors...
June 16, 2017: Journal of Food Protection
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28619781/perception-of-different-formats-of-front-of-pack-nutrition-labels-according-to-sociodemographic-lifestyle-and-dietary-factors-in-a-french-population-cross-sectional-study-among-the-nutrinet-sant%C3%A3-cohort-participants
#19
Chantal Julia, Sandrine Péneau, Camille Buscail, Rebeca Gonzalez, Mathilde Touvier, Serge Hercberg, Emmanuelle Kesse-Guyot
OBJECTIVE: Four formats for a front-of-pack (FOP) nutrition label are currently considered in France: the Nutriscore (or 5-Colour Nutrition Label, developed by a public research team), the SENS (supported by retailers), Multiple Traffic Lights (MTL, currently used in UK) and a modified version of the Reference Intakes (mRIs, supported by industry). Our objective was to investigate the perception of these FOP labels, according to sociodemographic, lifestyle and dietary factors. DESIGN: Cross-sectional study...
June 15, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28619076/effectiveness-and-equity-of-the-tanzania-national-voucher-scheme-for-mosquito-nets-over-10%C3%A2-years-of-implementation
#20
Karen Kramer, Renata Mandike, Rose Nathan, Ally Mohamed, Matthew Lynch, Nick Brown, Ally Mnzava, Wilhelmina Rimisho, Christian Lengeler
BACKGROUND: The Tanzania National Voucher Scheme (TNVS) was a public private partnership managed by the Ministry of Health that provided pregnant women and infants with highly subsidized (long-lasting) insecticide-treated nets between 2004 and 2014. It was implemented in the context of the National Insecticide Treated Nets (NATNETS) Programme and was the main keep up strategy for vulnerable populations. CASE DESCRIPTION: The programme design was adjusted considerably over time to incorporate new evidence, shifting public health policies, and changing donor priorities...
June 15, 2017: Malaria Journal
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