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Sexual behavior in humans

Joyce J Endendijk, Marleen G Groeneveld, Judi Mesman
This article reviews and integrates research on gender-related biological, cognitive, and social processes that take place in or between family members, resulting in a newly developed gendered family process (GFP) model. The GFP model serves as a guiding framework for research on gender in the family context, calling for the integration of biological, social, and cognitive factors. Biological factors in the model are prenatal, postnatal, and pubertal androgen levels of children and parents, and genetic effects on parent and child gendered behavior...
March 16, 2018: Archives of Sexual Behavior
Irving Zucker
Breastfeeding women are excluded from clinical trials of psychoactive drugs because of ethical concerns. Animal testing, which often is predictive of adverse effects in humans, represents the only avenue available for assessing drug safety for human offspring exposed to drugs during lactation. I determined whether behavioral outcomes for children exposed during breastfeeding to antidepressants, anxiolytics, antipsychotics, anti-seizure medications, analgesics, sedatives, and marijuana can be predicted by rodent studies of offspring exposed to drugs during lactation...
March 16, 2018: Psychopharmacology
Carolina Mondillo, María Luisa Varela, Adriana María Belén Abiuso, Ramiro Vázquez
Histamine (HA) is a pleiotropic biogenic amine synthesized exclusively by histidine decarboxylase (HDC) in most mammalian tissues. The literature on the role of HA within the male gonad has expanded over the last years, attracting attention to potential unexpected side-effects of anti-histamines on testicular function. In this regard, HA receptors (HRH1, HRH2 and HRH4) have been described in Leydig cells of different species, including human. Via these receptors, HA has been reported to trigger positive or negative interactions with the LH/hCG signaling pathway depending upon its concentration, thereby contributing to the local control of testicular androgen levels...
March 9, 2018: Reproduction: the Official Journal of the Society for the Study of Fertility
Marco Del Giudice, Emily S Barrett, Jay Belsky, Sarah Hartman, Michelle M Martel, Susanne Sangenstedt, Christopher W Kuzawa
Developmental plasticity is a widespread property of living organisms, but different individuals in the same species can vary greatly in how susceptible they are to environmental influences. In humans, research has sought to link variation in plasticity to physiological traits such as stress reactivity, exposure to prenatal stress-related hormones such as cortisol, and specific genes involved in major neurobiological pathways. However, the determinants of individual differences in plasticity are still poorly understood...
February 23, 2018: Psychoneuroendocrinology
D A T Sutherland, C F Honaker, B Dorshorst, L Andersson, P B Siegel
During the domestication of farm animals, humans have manipulated genetic variation for growth and reproduction through artificial selection. Here, data are presented for growth, reproductive, and behavior traits for the red junglefowl, a line of White Plymouth Rock chickens, and their F1 and F2 reciprocal crosses. Intra- and intergenerational comparisons for growth related traits reflected considerable additive genetic variation. In contrast, those traits associated with reproduction exhibited heterosis. The role of sexual selection was seen in the evolution of prominent secondary sexual ornaments that lend to female choice and male-male competition...
March 2, 2018: Journal of Applied Genetics
Andrea Spence-Aizenberg, Bruce A Kimball, Lawrence E Williams, Eduardo Fernandez-Duque
Broadening our knowledge of olfactory communication in strictly monogamous systems can inform our understanding of how chemosignals may facilitate social and reproductive behavior between the sexes. Compared to other social and mating systems, relatively little is known about olfactory communication in strictly monogamous non-human primates. Furthermore, platyrrhines are not well represented in chemical analyses of glandular secretions. We conducted semi-quantitative headspace gas chromatography with mass spectrometry to investigate the chemical components of glandular secretions from the subcaudal and pectoral glands of a strictly pair-living platyrrhine, the owl monkey (Aotus spp...
February 2018: American Journal of Primatology
Hao Fan, Kenneth H Fife, Dena Cox, Anthony D Cox, Gregory D Zimet
Much of the research examining predictors of HIV testing has used retrospective self-report to assess HIV testing. FINDINGS: therefore, may be subject to recall bias and to difficulties determining the direction of associations. In this prospective study, we administered surveys to women in community clinics to identify predictors of subsequent observed HIV testing, overcoming these limitations. Eighty-three percent were tested. In the adjusted multivariable model, being born in the U...
February 22, 2018: AIDS Care
Derek T Dangerfield, Allison J Ober, Laramie R Smith, Steven Shoptaw, Ricky N Bluthenthal
Estimates show a 50% lifetime human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) risk among Black men who have sex with men (BMSM) in the United States(U.S.). Studying the dynamics of sexual positioning practices among BMSM could provide insights into the disparities observed among U.S. groups of men who have sex with men (MSM). This study explored sexual positioning dynamics among HIV-negative BMSM and how they aligned with a theoretical model of sexual positioning and HIV/sexually transmitted infection (STI) risk among MSM...
February 21, 2018: Journal of Sex Research
Brian Custer, Karla Murcia, William T Robinson, Willi McFarland, Henry Fisher Raymond
BACKGROUND: In 2016, the US Food and Drug Administration changed the regulation from a permanent deferral from donation for men who have sex with men (MSM) to a 1-year deferral since last sexual contact. It is unknown what proportions of MSM try to donate and if they would be willing to answer individual risk-based questions to assess their current eligibility. STUDY DESIGN AND METHODS: The National HIV Behavioral Surveillance surveys periodically measure human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) prevalence and risk behaviors among MSM using a venue-based, time-location sampling method...
February 20, 2018: Transfusion
M Yavuz Acikalin, Karli K Watson, Gavan J Fitzsimons, Michael L Platt
Like humans, monkeys value information about sex and status, inviting the hypothesis that our susceptibility to these factors in advertising arises from shared, ancestral biological mechanisms that prioritize social information. To test this idea, we asked whether rhesus macaques (Macaca mulatta) show choice behavior that is similar to humans in response to sex and social status in advertising. Our results show that monkeys form preferences for brand logos repeatedly paired with images of macaque genitals and high status monkeys...
2018: PloS One
Tanya L Kowalczyk Mullins, Su X Li, James Bethel, Maureen M Goodenow, Stephanie Hudey, John W Sleasman
BACKGROUND: Human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) infection is associated with chronic immune activation, and concurrent sexually transmitted infections (STIs) may increase immune activation. OBJECTIVES: Because HIV-infected youth are at high risk of STIs and little is known about the impact of STIs on immune activation in HIV-infected youth, we conducted an exploratory study examining the association between STIs and systemic inflammation and immune activation among HIV-infected adolescents...
February 7, 2018: Journal of Clinical Virology: the Official Publication of the Pan American Society for Clinical Virology
Carla Gianna Luppi, Solange Eduardo Chabu Gomes, Roberto José Carvalho da Silva, Amanda Miyako Ueno, Anna Maria Kamimura Dos Santos, Ângela Tayra, Renata Ferreira Takahashi
OBJECTIVE: to describe sociodemographic and behavioral characteristics and to identify factors associated with human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) co-infection in cases of acquired syphilis reported in a Reference Center for Sexually Transmitted Diseases (STD) and AIDS. METHODS: cross-sectional study with secondary data from a Reference Center for STD and AIDS in the municipality of São Paulo, Brazil, in 2014; the Poisson regression was used to estimate prevalence ratios (PR) and 95% confidence intervals (95%CI)...
2018: Epidemiologia e Servicos de Saude: Revista do Sistema Unico de Saude do Brasil
Sarah J Javier, Jasmine A Abrams, Melanie P Moore, Faye Z Belgrave
Despite condom use being the most protective measure against the transmission of human immunodeficiency virus (HIV), little is known about the intermediary relationships between condom negotiation, assertive sexual communication, and condom use efficacy. The purpose of the current study was to examine the relationships between these constructs within the context of an HIV prevention intervention. We examined two samples of African American college women participating in two HIV prevention interventions, one of which was based on social learning theory ( N = 214)...
March 2018: Health Promotion Practice
Hanitriniaina Rakotonirina, Peter M Kappeler, Claudia Fichtel
BACKGROUND: Species recognition, i.e., the ability to distinguish conspecifics from heterospecifics, plays an essential role in reproduction. The role of facial cues for species recognition has been investigated in several non-human primate species except for lemurs. We therefore investigated the role of facial cues for species recognition in wild red-fronted lemurs (Eulemur rufifrons) at Kirindy Forest. We presented adult red-fronted lemurs pictures of male faces from five species including red-fronted lemurs, three closely related species, white-fronted lemurs (E...
February 13, 2018: BMC Evolutionary Biology
Yue Yang, Xiu-Ping Zhao, Hua-Chun Zou, Min-Jie Chu, Ping Zhong, Xiao-Shan Li, Xiao-Yan Li, Yu-Hui Yu, Ke-Xin Zhu, Yu-Jia Chen, Fei Xia, Bo-Wen Zhu, Luan-Qi Ruan, Yi-Ning Bao, Xun Zhuang
The prevalence and incidence of human immunodeficiency virus type 1 (HIV-1) among men who have sex with men (MSM) are on the rise throughout China. With a large population of MSM, Jiangsu Province is facing an escalating HIV-1 epidemic.The aim of this study was to explore the phylogenetic and temporal dynamics of HIV-1 CRF01_AE and CRF07_BC among antiretroviral therapy (ART)-naïve MSM recently infected with HIV-1 in Jiangsu Province.We recruited MSM in Jiangsu Province (Suzhou, Wuxi, Nantong, Taizhou and Yancheng) 2012 to 2015...
February 2018: Medicine (Baltimore)
S Ramadass, Sanjeev Kumar Gupta, Baridalyne Nongkynrih
Adolescence is the period in human growth and development that occurs after childhood and before adulthood, from ages 10 to 19 years. It is a period of dynamic brain development. During this period, adolescents learn from the social behavior and environmental surroundings of their community. Because of rapid urbanization without accounting for the basic health-care amenities, health disparities tend to arise. In this review, we have tried to describe the health profile of adolescents in urban India. Relevant articles were extracted from PubMed and related websites...
July 2017: Journal of Family Medicine and Primary Care
Sherry C Wang, Joyce H L Lui
OBJECTIVE: College students are a high-risk population for new human immunodeficiency viruses (HIV) diagnoses. Although condom use self-efficacy and HIV knowledge can protect against risky sexual behavior (RSB), these same protective factors have been shown to exacerbate RSB. The influence of alcohol use can further complicate these protective factors to influence RSB. PARTICIPANTS: 689 African American/Black and non-Hispanic White college students attending a public university in the Southeast U...
February 6, 2018: Journal of American College Health: J of ACH
Stephen B Kennedy, Katherine Atwood, Albert O Harris, Curtis H Taylor, Steve Shamblen, Wede M Nagbe, Mawen E Gobeh, Fred Sosu, Jemee K Tegli, Cecelia A Morris
Adolescents in Sub-Saharan Africa account for greater HIV/STI (human immuno defiency virus/sexually transmitted infection) burdens and difficult-to-reach populations. This study implemented a community-based HIV/STI program to reach at-risk youth aged 15 to 17 years in postconflict Liberia. Using a randomized controlled trial, community youths were assigned to an adapted version of an effective HIV/STI program, Making Proud Choices, or attention-matched comparison curriculum, General Health Program. Both programs were of similar doses, reach and coverage, and administered in classroom settings by trained health educators...
2018: Global Pediatric Health
Agata Miska-Schramm, Joanna Kapusta, Małgorzata Kruczek
The impact of human activity on the environment has led to a steady increase of the amounts of copper in the ecosystems. This element accumulates in plants and water, potentially exposing rodents to its harmful effects. In industrial districts, a decrease in the density of small rodent populations has been observed. This decline may be caused by many factors, including mortality, decreased fertility, or impaired sexual behavior. The decline in the reproductive abilities of small rodents after copper exposure was demonstrated in our previous work (Miska-Schramm A, Kruczek M, Kapusta J, Ecotoxicology 23:1546-1554, 2014)...
February 2, 2018: Ecotoxicology
Adam Maxwell Sparks, Daniel M T Fessler, Kai Qin Chan, Ashwini Ashokkumar, Colin Holbrook
The emotion disgust motivates costly behavioral strategies that mitigate against potentially larger costs associated with pathogens, sexual behavior, and moral transgressions. Because disgust thereby regulates exposure to harm, it is by definition a mechanism for calibrating decision making under risk. Understanding this illuminates two features of the demographic distribution of this emotion. First, this approach predicts and explains sex differences in disgust. Greater female disgust propensity is often reported and discussed in the literature, but, to date, conclusions have been based on informal comparisons across a small number of studies, while existing functionalist explanations are at best incomplete...
February 1, 2018: Emotion
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