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Vertigo in pilots

T Pan, Y Zhao, Y J Ding, Z Y Lu, F R Ma
Objective: To evaluate the correlation between type Ⅰ allergic reaction and pathogenesis of Meniere's disease. Methods: A total of 35 (10 male vs. 25 female) patients aged between 21-66 years diagnosed with Meniere's disease were recruited to this study, mean age of them was (47.3±13.6) years. The control group consisted of 15 inpatients (5 male vs. 10 female) with pharyngolaryngeal diseases but without otologic and rhinologic abnormity, mean age was 45.4±12.8 years. Allergic prevalence, serous total immunoglobulin E( tIgE ) levels, serous specific immunoglobulin E( sIgE ) levels and subtypes of T lymphocytes were measured and compared in patients with Meniere's disease and the control group...
February 7, 2017: Zhonghua Er Bi Yan Hou Tou Jing Wai Ke za Zhi, Chinese Journal of Otorhinolaryngology Head and Neck Surgery
Paz Pérez, Virginia Franco, Manuel Oliva, José A López Escámez
OBJECTIVE: To assess the effect of intratympanic methylprednisolone (ITMP) in posterior canal benign paroxysmal positional vertigo (BPPV) that fails treatment involving repositioning maneuver in a case series. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Nine patients with persistent posterior canal BPPV after 6 or more repositioning maneuvers were treated by ITMP (two weekly doses of 0.3-0.4 mL at 40 mg/mL) before repeating the repositioning procedures. RESULTS: Following ITMP treatment, 7 out of 9 patients were relieved of their symptoms and did not exhibit positional nystagmus after 1 or 2 repositioning maneuvers...
November 28, 2016: Journal of International Advanced Otology
Tadashi Kitahara, Hidehiko Okamoto, Munehisa Fukushima, Masaharu Sakagami, Taeko Ito, Akinori Yamashita, Ichiro Ota, Toshiaki Yamanaka
UNLABELLED: Meniere's disease, a common inner ear condition, has an incidence of 15-50 per 100,000. Because mental/physical stress and subsequent increase in the stress hormone vasopressin supposedly trigger Meniere's disease, we set a pilot study to seek new therapeutic interventions, namely management of vasopressin secretion, to treat this disease. We enrolled 297 definite Meniere's patients from 2010 to 2012 in a randomized-controlled and open-label trial, assigning Group-I (control) traditional oral medication, Group-II abundant water intake, Group-III tympanic ventilation tubes and Group-IV sleeping in darkness...
2016: PloS One
Matthew S Wimmer, Talib Y Ali
BACKGROUND: Presented is a rare case of transient unilateral facial nerve paralysis occurring in a pilot while on initial ascent in an F-16CM. This pathology is sporadically observed in the diving community, but rarely described in military or civil aviation. This case was particularly unusual in its promptness of onset, rapid recovery, and its association with vertigo. CASE REPORT: This case report describes a previously healthy 26-yr-old F-16 pilot who experienced ear block and subsequent unilateral facial paralysis while on initial ascent...
February 2016: Aerospace Medicine and Human Performance
Samir T Mukherjee
BACKGROUND: Stroke is a decidedly devastating event for any patient, but particularly for a military aviator in a single-seat aircraft. Incidence of acute ischemic infarct in men ages 25 to 29 ranges from 3.4 to 5.6/100,000. The neurological sequelae of stroke can have a lasting and profound impact on an aviator's career. Literature review revealed a relatively small number of cases where stroke was attributable to cervical manipulation. CASE REPORT: A 29-yr-old male jet pilot with a 2-wk history of cervicalgia following a mountain bike ride performed self-manipulation of his neck at home following a visit to a chiropractor...
December 2015: Aerospace Medicine and Human Performance
Paolo Vannucchi, Rudi Pecci, Beatrice Giannoni, Fabio Di Giustino, Rossana Santimone, Arianna Mengucci
We lately reported the cases of patients complaining positional vertigo whose nystagmic pattern was that of a peripheral torsional vertical positional down beating nystagmus originating from a lithiasis of the non-ampullary arm of the posterior semicircular canal (PSC). We considered this particular pathological picture the apogeotropic variant of PSC benign paroxysmal positional vertigo (BPPV). Since the description of the pilot cases we observed more than 150 patients showing the same clinical sign and course of symptoms...
January 21, 2015: Audiology Research
Issam Saliba, Chady Dagher, Elie El-Zir, Fady G Yammine
OBJECTIVE: To assess the effect of chronic middle ear effusion (CMEE) on balance and equilibrium. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Prospective study controlling two groups of children. The active arm consisted of children having a unilateral or bilateral CMEE that persisted for at least 3 months. The control group consisted of children presenting with normal middle ear. Children and parents in both groups were questioned about any symptom of vertigo, dizziness, disequilibrium or child's tendency to fall...
2015: Current Pediatric Reviews
Meiho Nakayama, Ayako Masuda, Kayoko Bhardwaj Ando, Sachie Arima, Kayoko Kabaya, Akira Inagaki, Yoshihisa Nakamura, Motohiko Suzuki, Hilary Brodie, Rodney C Diaz, Shingo Murakami
OBJECTIVES: To evaluate the effect of continuous positive airway pressure (CPAP) therapy on Ménière's disease patients with concomitant obstructive sleep apnea syndrome (OSAS), since recent reports suggest OSAS may cause dysfunction of the vestibular system. STUDY DESIGN: Prospective study using CPAP administered to patients diagnosed with "Definite Ménière's disease" according to the guidelines of the American Academy of Otolaryngology--Head and Neck Surgery and combined with OSAS...
October 2015: Journal of Clinical Sleep Medicine: JCSM: Official Publication of the American Academy of Sleep Medicine
Chih-Wen Chiu, Tsung-Chieh Lee, Po-Chi Hsu, Chia-Yun Chen, Shun-Chang Chang, John Y Chiang, Lun-Chien Lo
BACKGROUND: Dizziness and vertigo account for roughly 4% of chief symptoms in the emergency department (ED). Pharmacological therapy is often applied for these symptoms, such as vestibular suppressants, anti-emetics and benzodiazepines. However, every medication is accompanied with unavoidable side-effects. There are several research articles providing evidence of acupuncture treating dizziness and vertigo but few studies of acupuncture as an emergent intervention in ED. We performed a pilot cohort study to evaluate the efficacy and safety of acupuncture in treating patients with dizziness and vertigo in ED...
June 9, 2015: BMC Complementary and Alternative Medicine
S Vanni, R Pecci, C Casati, F Moroni, M Risso, M Ottaviani, P Nazerian, S Grifoni, P Vannucchi
Vertigo is generally due to a benign disorder, but it is the most common symptom associated with misdiagnosis of stroke. In this pilot study, we preliminarily assessed the diagnostic performance of a structured bedside algorithm to differentiate central from non-central acute vertigo (AV). Adult patients presenting to a single Emergency Department with vertigo were evaluated with STANDING (SponTAneous Nystagmus, Direction, head Impulse test, standiNG) by one of five trained emergency physicians or evaluated ordinarily by the rest of the medical staff (control group)...
December 2014: Acta Otorhinolaryngologica Italica
Shuping Liu, Li Li, Kechun Yao, Wenxiu Li, Na Wang, Li Cui, Zhikang Zou, Zhongli Ma
The aim of this study was to investigate the vertebral artery (VA) morphology of enlistment-age male student pilots with ultrasound to provide a basis for early diagnosis of potentially asymptomatic cervical vertigo. Ultrasound results of the origin position, diameter and hemodynamics of the VA in 935 cases of student pilots with a mean age of 18.0 y were analyzed. The inner diameters of both sides of the VA differ: the left is larger than the right statistically (p < 0.001). Moreover, the peak systolic velocity of the left VA is significantly greater than that of the right (p < 0...
September 2014: Ultrasound in Medicine & Biology
M Romoli, G Allais, G Airola, C Benedetto, O Mana, M Giacobbe, A M Pugliese, G Battistella, E Fornari
In recent years research explored different acupuncture stimulation techniques but interest has focused primarily on somatic acupuncture and on a limited number of acupoints. As regards ear Acupuncture (EA) there is still some criticism about the clinical specificity of auricular points/areas representing organs or structures of the body. The aim of this study was to verify through (Functional magnetic resonance imaging) fMRI the hypothesis of EA point specificity using two auricular points having different topographical locations and clinical significance...
May 2014: Neurological Sciences
Dorion B Liston, Bernard D Adelstein, Leland S Stone
BACKGROUND: Aerospace environments commonly expose pilots to vibration and sustained acceleration, alone and in combination. CASE REPORTS: Of 16 experimental research participants, 3 reported symptoms of vertigo and signs of torsional nystagmus during or shortly following exposure to sustained chest-to-spine (+3.8 Gx) acceleration (G loading) and chest-to-spine (0.5 g(x)) vibration in the 8-16 Hz band. Two of the participants reported intermittent vertigo for up to 2 wk, were diagnosed with benign paroxysmal positional vertigo (BPPV), and were treated successfully with the Epley Maneuver...
February 2014: Aviation, Space, and Environmental Medicine
Regina R Sacco, David B Burmeister, Valerie A Rupp, Marna Rayl Greenberg
BACKGROUND: Benign paroxysmal positional vertigo (BPPV) is a common presenting problem. OBJECTIVE: Our aim was to compare the efficacy of vestibular rehabilitation (maneuver) vs. conventional therapy (medications) in patients presenting to the emergency department (ED) with BPPV. METHODS: This was a prospective, single-blinded physician, randomized pilot study comparing two groups of patients who presented to the ED with a diagnosis of BPPV at a Level 1 trauma center with an annual census of approximately 75,000...
April 2014: Journal of Emergency Medicine
B J Baker, A Curtis, P Trueblood, E Vangsnes
BACKGROUND: The current study compared a migrainous vertigo group with a migraine without vertigo group. It was hypothesised that those with migrainous vertigo would have more abnormal test results during a non-migrainous period than those who suffer from migraine without vertigo. METHODS: Both groups, comprising 10 participants each, were tested using: the gaze stabilisation test, dynamic visual acuity test, sensory organisation test, head shake sensory organisation test and functional gait assessment...
November 2013: Journal of Laryngology and Otology
Hossein-Ardeschir Ghofrani, Nicholas Morrell, Marius Hoeper, Shelley Shapiro, Debbie Quinn, Oliver Schmidt
SESSION TYPE: DVT/PE/Pulmonary Hypertension Posters IPRESENTED ON: Wednesday, October 24, 2012 at 01:30 PM - 02:30 PMPURPOSE: PAH is a life-threatening disease with poor prognosis. Imatinib inhibits the PDGF signaling pathway, which appears important in PAH pathogenesis.METHODS: 59 patients symptomatic on approved PAH-specific therapies entered a 24-week, randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled, pilot study (imatinib 200-400mg daily, n=28; placebo, n=31). 42 patients completed the 24-week study, and 22 entered an open-label extension (OLE) with imatinib...
October 1, 2012: Chest
Kourosh Parham, Gerald Leonard, Richard S Feinn, Denis Lafreniere, Anne M Kenny
OBJECTIVE/HYPOTHESIS: Idiopathic benign paroxysmal positional vertigo (BPPV) is a strong indicator of decreased bone density (osteopenia/osteoporosis) in postmenopausal women, and there is a correlation between BPPV and serum levels of biochemical markers of bone turnover. STUDY DESIGN: Prospective pilot clinical trial. METHODS: Two groups of postmenopausal women were recruited. The BPPV group consisted of 16 women with a diagnosis of BPPV...
November 2013: Laryngoscope
M Pavlou, R G Kanegaonkar, D Swapp, D E Bamiou, M Slater, L M Luxon
UNLABELLED: Individuals with vestibular dysfunction may experience visual vertigo (VV), in which symptoms are provoked or exacerbated by excessive or disorientating visual stimuli (e.g. supermarkets). VV can significantly improve when customized vestibular rehabilitation exercises are combined with exposure to optokinetic stimuli. Virtual reality (VR), which immerses patients in realistic, visually challenging environments, has also been suggested as an adjunct to VR to improve VV symptoms...
2012: Journal of Vestibular Research: Equilibrium & Orientation
Béla Büki, Michael Ecker, Heinz Jünger, Yunxia Wang Lundberg
Benign paroxysmal positional vertigo is a common cause of disabling vertigo with a high rate of recurrence. Although connections between vitamin D deficiency and osteoporosis, as well as between osteoporosis and benign paroxysmal positional vertigo have been suggested respectively in the literature, we are not aware of any publication linking vitamin D and benign paroxysmal positional vertigo. As a hypothesis, we suggest that there is a relation between insufficient vitamin D level and benign paroxysmal positional vertigo...
February 2013: Medical Hypotheses
Gino Marioni, Salvatore Fermo, Marco Lionello, Elena Fasanaro, Luciano Giacomelli, Stefania Zanon, Claudia Staffieri, Franco Dall'Igna, Enzo Manzato, Alberto Staffieri
For the vestibular system, aging is associated with degenerated otoconia and loss of hair cells, vestibular afferents, and cells in the vestibular nuclei. Further neurodegenerative processes involve cortical, extrapyramidal motor, and cerebellar structures. Dizziness is quite common in the elderly, limiting their mobility and activities. The role of vestibular rehabilitation in these patients is controversial. The present prospective, randomized, preliminary investigation aimed to compare the effect of a 6-week posturography-assisted vestibular rehabilitation protocol (30 min a week) combined with a home-based exercise program (group A, 14 randomly assigned elderly patients) with the same home-based exercise program alone (group B, 14 randomly assigned elderly patients) for treating dizziness due to central vestibular dysfunction in elderly patients...
December 2013: Age (2005-)
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