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Aviation, space and environmental medicine

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/25879088/adjunctive-hyperbaric-oxygen-for-necrotizing-fasciitis
#1
REVIEW
Denny Levett, Michael H Bennett, Ian Millar
BACKGROUND: Hyperbaric oxygen therapy (HBOT) involves the therapeutic administration of 100% oxygen in a pressure chamber at pressures above one atmosphere absolute. This therapy has been used as an adjunct to surgery and antibiotics in the treatment of patients with necrotizing fasciitis with the aim of reducing morbidity and mortality. OBJECTIVES: To review the evidence concerning the use of HBOT as an adjunctive treatment for patients with necrotizing fasciitis (NF)...
2015: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/25589260/adjunctive-hyperbaric-oxygen-for-necrotizing-fasciitis
#2
Denny Levett, Michael H Bennett, Ian Millar
BACKGROUND: Hyperbaric oxygen therapy (HBOT) involves the therapeutic administration of 100% oxygen in a pressure chamber at pressures above one atmosphere absolute. This therapy has been used as an adjunct to surgery and antibiotics in the treatment of patients with necrotizing fasciitis with the aim of reducing morbidity and mortality. OBJECTIVES: To review the evidence concerning the use of HBOT as an adjunctive treatment for patients with necrotizing fasciitis (NF)...
2015: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/25057828/the-last-year-of-aviation-space-and-environmental-medicine
#3
Frederick Bonato
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 2014: Aviation, Space, and Environmental Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/20109297/aviation-combustion-toxicology-an-overview
#4
REVIEW
Arvind K Chaturvedi
Aviation combustion toxicology is a subspecialty of the field of aerospace toxicology, which is composed of aerospace and toxicology. The term aerospace, that is, the environment extending above and beyond the surface of the Earth, is also used to represent the combined fields of aeronautics and astronautics. Aviation is another term interchangeably used with aerospace and aeronautics and is explained as the science and art of operating powered aircraft. Toxicology deals with the adverse effects of substances on living organisms...
January 2010: Journal of Analytical Toxicology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/18714499/-is-dry-eye-syndrome-a-professional-disease-for-aeronautical-personnel
#5
Aurora Nicodin, Marian Macri
The purpose of this study is to analyze the eye comfort of the aeronautical personnel. This study has been conducted in ophthalmologic office of the National Institute of Aeronautical and Space Medicine, for 68 patients (group 1), men and women, active aeronautical personnel, between 35-55 years old, apparently ophthalmologically normal subjects. First the patients filled out a questionnaire that was intended to provide the subjective evaluation; objective investigation included: biomicroscopy, fluorescein stain, tear break up time (BUT) and Schirmer tear test...
2008: Oftalmologia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/15757796/the-neurology-of-aviation-underwater-and-space-environments
#6
REVIEW
Michael S Jaffee
It can be seen that aspects of different environments can have adverse effects on normal, healthy nervous systems. Aerospace and underwater neurology consultants are often required to evaluate aviators, divers, or astronauts who have neurologic problem to determine whether they should be granted a waiver. In general, these considerations include course of the disorder (static, progressive, or paroxysmal), potential for sudden incapacitation that may compromise safety, predictability of course of the disorder, ability to monitor disease, and potential adverse effects of medications...
May 2005: Neurologic Clinics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/12076414/melatonin-for-the-prevention-and-treatment-of-jet-lag
#7
REVIEW
A Herxheimer, K J Petrie
BACKGROUND: : Jet-lag commonly affects air travellers who cross several time zones. It results from the body's internal rhythms being out of step with the day-night cycle at the destination. Melatonin is a pineal hormone that plays a central part in regulating bodily rhythms and has been used as a drug to re-align them with the outside world. OBJECTIVES: : To assess the effectiveness of oral melatonin taken in different dosage regimens for alleviating jet-lag after air travel across several time zones...
2002: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/11541925/structured-methods-for-identifying-and-correcting-potential-human-errors-in-space-operations
#8
W R Nelson, L N Haney, L T Ostrom, R E Richards
Human performance plays a significant role in the development and operation of any complex system, and human errors are significant contributors to degraded performance, incidents, and accidents for technologies as diverse as medical systems, commercial aircraft, offshore oil platforms, nuclear power plants, and space systems. To date, serious accidents attributed to human error have fortunately been rare in space operations. However, as flight rates go up and the duration of space missions increases, the accident rate could increase unless proactive action is taken to identity and correct potential human errors in space operations...
August 1998: Acta Astronautica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/11279722/melatonin-for-preventing-and-treating-jet-lag
#9
REVIEW
A Herxheimer, K J Petrie
BACKGROUND: Jet-lag commonly affects air travellers who cross several time zones. It results from the body's internal rhythms being out of step with the day-night cycle at the destination. Melatonin is a pineal hormone that plays a central part in regulating bodily rhythms and has been used as a drug to re-align them with the outside world. OBJECTIVES: To assess the effectiveness of oral melatonin taken in different dosage regimens for alleviating jet-lag after air travel across several time zones...
2001: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/11194996/louis-h-bauer-m-d-and-the-first-civil-u-s-aeromedical-standards-his-continuing-legacy
#10
S R Mohler
Louis Hopewell Bauer, M.D. (1888-1964) promulgated the first civil aviation medicine regulations for U.S. civil airmen on December 31, 1926. Major elements of these regulations are reflected in the current Federal Aviation Administration Civil Airman Medical Standards, these latter including modifications resulting from medical and aeronautical technical advances. Dr. Bauer's plans covering periodic examinations, waivers, and a system implemented through designated "Aviation Medical Examiners" are continued to this day...
January 2001: Aviation, Space, and Environmental Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/10503761/1998-andre-allard-lecture-aerospace-medicine-in-the-21st-century-reaching-for-the-stars
#11
M K Lim
The 21st century will be an era of unprecedented scientific achievements, one in which man will continue to overcome limits rather than be overcome by them. Aerospace medicine will continue to make significant contributions as aviation and space activities intensify, and as new technologies pose new aeromedical challenges. More than that, aerospace medicine's role will prove decisive in man's quest for his ultimate destiny in the universe.
September 1999: Aviation, Space, and Environmental Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/10373053/reduce-risk-of-inducing-spatial-disorientation-using-physiologically-compatible-ground-lighting
#12
REVIEW
R T Schmidt
Spatial disorientation that occurs while landing aircraft during night operations may result in accidents and fatalities which are often classified as secondary to "pilot error." It has now been determined that the use of "expedient" lights, which include flares, flashlights, automobile headlights, etc., can induce spatial disorientation in pilots. The element that contributes to induction of spatial disorientation is the "point source of light" provided by these lights. Impingement on the retina of concentrated photon emissions, as supplied by incandescent (filament) lamps, flares, etc...
June 1999: Aviation, Space, and Environmental Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/9819171/the-re-emergence-of-space-medicine-as-a-distinct-discipline
#13
P J McGinnis, B A Harris
Space Medicine is a discipline whose scope will encompass primary and advanced medical care amidst the environmental constraints of space. At one time, there was a Department of Space Medicine associated with the U.S. Air Force School of Aviation Medicine. Until 1993, an academic, university-based training program dedicated to space medicine did not exist. This paper reviews the history of space medicine in the United States. It presents the current conceptions of space medicine, and postulates the need for space medicine to mature as a distinct discipline...
November 1998: Aviation, Space, and Environmental Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/8637750/aerospace-air-pollution-issues
#14
R E Patterson, R B Rayman
Practitioners of aerospace medicine are mindful of the environmental effects, particularly air pollution, caused by aviation and spaceflight operations. To an aerospace medicine specialist, the environment includes not only the air, water, and soil of the earth, but also the cabin milieu of aircraft and space vehicles where crews must work, sleep, and in some cases, live. Consequently, this article will address the following areas of concern: cabin air quality of aircraft, cabin air quality of space vehicles, noise, air pollution, and aerial spraying...
February 1996: Otolaryngology—Head and Neck Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/8588803/in-defense-of-traditional-views-of-spatial-disorientation-and-loss-of-situation-awareness-a-reply-to-navathe-and-singh-s-an-operational-definition-of-spatial-disorientation
#15
COMMENT
F H Previc, D W Yauch, C A DeVilbiss, W R Ercoline, W E Sipes
In a recent article in Aviation, Space, and Environmental Medicine, Navathe and Singh proposed new "operational" definitions for spatial disorientation (SD) and loss of situation(al) awareness (LSA). The major feature of their new scheme was to treat the two phenomena as distinct, with SD attributable to physiologically based (peripheral) illusions and LSA to psychological (central) factors. The present commentary argues in favor of traditional views of SD that consider spatial orientation to be a subset of overall situation awareness...
November 1995: Aviation, Space, and Environmental Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/8526824/a-review-of-articles-published-in-aviation-space-and-environmental-medicine-1975-94
#16
REVIEW
F W Rudge
Aviation, Space, and Environmental Medicine, the official journal of the Aerospace Medical Association, is dedicated to serving and supporting all who work to solve the problems of living and working in hazardous environments on, above, and beneath the earth and sea. This study examines and analyzes the characteristics of authors and their articles published in Aviation, Space, and Environmental Medicine over a 20-y period, from 1975-94. There were 3562 articles meeting inclusion criteria published during this period...
October 1995: Aviation, Space, and Environmental Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/8374238/-aviation-and-space-flight-ophthalmology
#17
REVIEW
F J Daumann, J Draeger
So far it has not been possible to adapt man genetically to the specific environmental conditions of flying. A variety of disturbing factors act on the human body and affect its vital as well as sensory functions, vision being considered the most important sense for providing information. The effects of oxygen deficiency caused by increasing altitude, acceleration and centrifugal force affecting visual function, ocular motility, and pupillary reactions are well known. Like visual illusions, vibrations, high accelerative forces, high illuminance and glare at high altitudes impair the visual perception of the environment...
August 1993: Der Ophthalmologe: Zeitschrift der Deutschen Ophthalmologischen Gesellschaft
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/4012098/the-fourth-uoeh-international-symposium-occupational-health-in-aviation-and-space-work-october-21-23-1984-university-of-occupational-and-environmental-health-japan
#18
(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 1, 1985: Journal of UOEH
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/1616440/laser-surgery-procedures-in-the-operational-kc-135e-aviation-environment
#19
M Colvard, P Kuo, R Caleel, J Labo, R Self
The operational aviation and space environments present a potential for surgical trauma to aircrew and passengers. Current wound care techniques for trauma in the aviation and space medicine environment focus on classical surgical management of wounds. Medical lasers used in these environments can provide rapid control of bleeding wounds, reduce aircraft environmental contamination from body fluids and secretions, and foster rapid triage of injured personnel. Self-contained and reusable medical lasers have the potential to reduce the material supply of medical kits in the aviation and space environment...
July 1992: Aviation, Space, and Environmental Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/439154/outer-space-medicine-and-relevant-ongoing-biomedical-research
#20
W R Douglas
An update of outer space medicine is given emphasizing main areas such as cardiopulmonary responses, vestibular functions, physiology, weightlessness, ecosystems, and radiation. A prospective view is also presented on the medical problems resulting from various hazards of outer space and planetary missions. Although an outgrowth of aviation and environmental medicine, this relatively new, special branch of medicine is currently undergoing an unprecedented rise as a vital modern specialty. The aims of the United States, Russia, and the nations of Europe in space research are shown to be in accord in learning how to live and work in space when confronted with the unique factors of zero gravity, cosmic radiation, and magnetic variations...
March 1979: Journal of the National Medical Association
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