Read by QxMD icon Read

pleth variability index

Ariel Brandwein, Kavita Patel, Myriam Kline, Peter Silver, Sandeep Gangadharan
OBJECTIVES: Patients with obstructive airway disease have varying degrees of pulsus paradoxus that correlate with illness severity. Pulsus paradoxus can be measured using plethysmography. We investigated whether plethysmograph (pleth) variability on admission to the pediatric emergency department (ED) could predict patient disposition. We hypothesized that patients with a larger pleth variability would have a higher likelihood of being admitted to a general pediatrics unit or the intensive care unit (ICU)...
October 6, 2016: Pediatric Emergency Care
Samantha R Warnakulasuriya, Simon J Davies, R Jonathan T Wilson, David R A Yates
STUDY OBJECTIVE: This study aims to investigate if there is equivalence in volumes of fluid administered when intravenous fluid therapy is guided by Pleth Variability Index (PVI) compared to the established technology of esophageal Doppler in low-risk patients undergoing major colorectal surgery. DESIGN: Randomized controlled trial. SETTING: Operating room. PATIENTS: Forty low-risk patients undergoing elective colorectal surgery...
November 2016: Journal of Clinical Anesthesia
Makoto Sato, Takayuki Kunisawa, Atsushi Kurosawa, Tomoki Sasakawa
STUDY OBJECTIVE: Hypertension or hypotension in patients receiving continuous infusions of dexmedetomidine (DEX) is often due to changes in vascular resistance caused by α2 receptor stimulation. We investigated whether baseline perfusion index (PI) and pleth variability index (PVI), derived from pulse oximetry readings, could predict DEX-induced changes in the hemodynamic status in spontaneously breathing patients. DESIGN: Observational study. SETTING: Operating room...
November 2016: Journal of Clinical Anesthesia
Jing Zhou, Yi Han
OBJECTIVES: To analyze the ability of pleth variability index (PVI) and respiratory system compliance (RSC) on evaluating the hemodynamic and respiratory effects of positive end expiratory pressure (PEEP), then to direct PEEP settings in mechanically ventilated critical patients. METHODS: We studied 22 mechanically ventilated critical patients in the intensive care unit. Patients were monitored with classical monitor and a pulse co-oximeter, with pulse sensors attached to patients' index fingers...
2016: SpringerPlus
J Harju, M-L Kalliomäki, H Leppikangas, M Kiviharju, A Yli-Hankala
BACKGROUND: The surgical pleth index (SPI) is a measurement of intraoperative nociception. Evidence of its usability in children is limited. Given that the autonomic nervous system is still developing during the first years of life, the performance of the SPI on small children cannot be concluded from studies carried out in older age groups. METHODS: Thirty children aged <2 yr, planned for elective open inguinal hernia repair or open correction of undescended testicle, were recruited...
September 2016: British Journal of Anaesthesia
Huseyin Konur, Gulay Erdogan Kayhan, Huseyin Ilksen Toprak, Nizamettin Bucak, Mustafa Said Aydogan, Saim Yologlu, Mahmut Durmus, Sezai Yılmaz
Fluid management is challenging and still remains controversial in orthotopic liver transplantation (OLT). The pleth variability index (PVI) has been shown to be a reliable predictor of fluid responsiveness of perioperative and critically ill patients; however, it has not been evaluated in OLT. This study was designed to examine whether the PVI can reliably predict fluid responsiveness in OLT and to compare PVI with other hemodynamic indexes that are measured using the PiCCO2 monitoring system. Twenty-five patients were enrolled in this study...
July 2016: Kaohsiung Journal of Medical Sciences
H-C Lee, Y-F Tsai, H-I Tsai, P C-H Chung, H-P Yu, W-C Lee, C-C Lin
BACKGROUND: Accurate estimation of cardiac preload during liver transplantation is essential. The right ventricular end-diastolic volume index (RVEDVI) is recognized as a good preload indicator in patients undergoing liver transplantation. Recently, dynamic variation parameters including pleth variability index (PVI) have been used as predictors of fluid responsiveness. However, the correlation between PVI and preload status has not been well studied. We evaluated the relationship between PVI and RVEDVI during liver transplantation...
May 2016: Transplantation Proceedings
Ruth Edry, Vasile Recea, Yuri Dikust, Daniel I Sessler
BACKGROUND: The nociception level (NoL) index is an index of nociception based on nonlinear combination of heart rate, heart rate variability, photoplethysmograph wave amplitude, skin conductance, skin conductance fluctuations, and their time derivatives. The authors evaluated the abilities of the NoL index and other measures of nociception to discriminate between noxious and nonnoxious stimuli, to progressively respond to graded stimuli, and to respond to opioid administration. METHODS: Intraoperative NoL was compared to heart rate, pulse plethysmograph amplitude, noninvasive blood pressure, and the surgical pleth index around five specific stimuli: tetanic stimulation with and without fentanyl analgesia, intubation, first incision/trocar insertion, and a nonnoxious period...
July 2016: Anesthesiology
L N Hannivoort, H E M Vereecke, J H Proost, B E K Heyse, D J Eleveld, T W Bouillon, M M R F Struys, M Luginbühl
BACKGROUND: The probability to tolerate laryngoscopy (PTOL) and its derivative, the noxious stimulation response index (NSRI), have been proposed as measures of potency of a propofol-remifentanil drug combination. This study aims at developing a triple drug interaction model to estimate the combined potency of sevoflurane, propofol, and remifentanil in terms of PTOL. We compare the predictive performance of PTOL and the NSRI with various anaesthetic depth monitors. METHODS: Data from three previous studies (n=120) were pooled and reanalysed...
May 2016: British Journal of Anaesthesia
Hiroaki Tanaka, Shinji Katsuragi, Kayo Tanaka, Takuya Kawamura, Masafumi Nii, Michiko Kubo, Kazuhiro Osato, Yoshihito Sasaki, Tomoaki Ikeda
OBJECTIVE: We assessed the utility of the pulse oximeter perfusion index (PI) in maternal monitoring immediately after delivery. METHODS: We examined 30 pregnant women without any complications using the Rad7 device at delivery. The correlations between heart rate (HR), systolic blood pressure (BP), oxygen saturation SpO2, PI, Pleth variability index (PVI), shock index and blood loss were assessed. RESULTS: Blood loss at 20-min postpartum was not correlated with the difference in heart rate, systolic BP, SpO2, shock index or PVI taken immediately after delivery and at 20-min postpartum, but showed a strong negative correlation with the difference in the PI taken immediately after delivery and at 20-min postpartum (r = -0...
December 2016: Journal of Maternal-fetal & Neonatal Medicine
H Bahlmann, R G Hahn, L Nilsson
BACKGROUND: Optimisation of stroke volume using oesophageal Doppler is an established technique to guide intraoperative fluid therapy. The method has practical limitations and therefore alternative indices of fluid responsiveness, such as ventilator-induced variation in the pulse oximetric signal (Pleth Variability Index (PVI)) could be considered. We hypothesised that both methods predict fluid responsiveness in a similar way. METHODS: Seventy-five patients scheduled for open major abdominal surgery were randomised to fluid optimisation using fluid bolus algorithms based on either PVI (n = 35) or Doppler (n = 39)...
February 2016: Acta Anaesthesiologica Scandinavica
Haitao Chu, Yong Wang, Yanfei Sun, Gang Wang
To systemically evaluate the accuracy of pleth variability index to predict fluid responsiveness in mechanically ventilated patients. A literature search of PUBMED, OVID, CBM, CNKI and Wanfang Data for clinical studies in which the accuracy of pleth variability index to predict fluid responsiveness was performed (last update 5 April 2015). Related journals were also searched manually. Two reviewers independently assessed trial quality according to the modified QUADAS items. Heterogeneous studies and meta-analysis were conducted by Meta-Disc 1...
June 2016: Journal of Clinical Monitoring and Computing
Yu Chen, Qiang Fu, Wei-dong Mi
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the effects of different positive end expiratory pressures (PEEP) on functional hemodynamic parameters in patients lying in prone position during operation under general anesthesia. METHODS: Totally 60 patients undergoing cervical vertebra operation or lumbar vertebra operation were studied. All patients were also monitored with Vigileo/FloTrac system. The functional hemodynamic parameters including stroke volume variation (SVV), pulse pressure variation (PPV), and pleth variability index (PVI) under PEEP levels of 0 mmHg, 5 mmHg, 10 mmHg, and 15 mmHg were recorded before and after volume expansion (hydroxyethyl starch 6%,7 ml/kg)...
April 2015: Zhongguo Yi Xue Ke Xue Yuan Xue Bao. Acta Academiae Medicinae Sinicae
Brandon C Maughan, Todd A Seigel, Anthony M Napoli
BACKGROUND: Fluid responsiveness is a measure of preload dependence and is defined as an increase in cardiac output due to volume expansion. Recent publications have suggested that variation in amplitude of the pulse oximetry waveform may be predictive of fluid responsiveness. The pleth variability index (PVI) was developed as a noninvasive bedside measurement of this variation in the pulse oximetry waveform. OBJECTIVES: To measure the discriminatory value of PVI for predicting fluid responsiveness as measured by pulmonary artery catheter thermodilution in patients after cardiothoracic surgery...
March 2015: American Journal of Critical Care: An Official Publication, American Association of Critical-Care Nurses
M Yokose, T Mihara, Y Sugawara, T Goto
Spinal anaesthesia for caesarean section induces hypotension, which may cause severe adverse effects. Our goal was to determine whether hypotension could be predicted by pulse oximetry parameters, such as the perfusion index and pleth variability index, heart rate, ratio of low-frequency to high-frequency components of heart rate variability, and entropy of heart rate variability, measured before the induction of anaesthesia. The predictive value of these parameters for detecting hypotension was assessed using logistic regression and the grey zone approach in 81 parturients...
May 2015: Anaesthesia
C Bergek, J H Zdolsek, R G Hahn
BACKGROUND: Plethysmographic measurement of haemoglobin concentration ([Formula: see text]), pleth variability index (PVI), and perfusion index (PI) with the Radical-7 apparatus is growing in popularity. Previous studies have indicated that [Formula: see text] has poor precision, particularly when PI is low. We wanted to study the effects of a sympathetic block on these measurements. METHODS: Twenty patients underwent hand surgery under brachial plexus block with one Radical-7 applied to each arm...
May 2015: British Journal of Anaesthesia
Nianfang Lu, Ruiqiang Zheng, Hua Lin, Jiangquan Yu, Jun Shao, Xiaoyan Wu, Haixia Wang
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the role of pleth variability index ( PVI ) by passive leg raising ( PLR ) test in volume responsiveness and volume status prediction in patients with septic shock. METHODS: A prospective randomized controlled trial ( RCT ) was conducted. Eighty-seven patients suffering from septic shock undergoing mechanical ventilation in Department of Critical Care Medicine of Subei People's Hospital from June 2012 to September 2014 were enrolled. The hemodynamic changes before and after PLR were monitored by pulse indicated continuous cardiac output ( PiCCO ) and PVI monitoring...
January 2015: Zhonghua Wei Zhong Bing Ji Jiu Yi Xue
Yue Wu, Fengjiang Zhang, Kai Sun, Lina Yu, Hua Zhang, Min Yan
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the ability of pre-anesthesia pleth variability index (PVI) in supine and passive head raising (PHR) position at 30° for predicting hypotension during induction of anesthesia. METHODS: From September 2012 to October 2013, 106 patients scheduled for elective surgery under general anesthesia at Third Hangzhou Municipal Hospital with American Society of Anesthesiologists I-II were recruited. Pre-anesthesia values of blood pressure, heart rate, perfusion index, PVI in supine position and PHR at 30° were recorded...
November 4, 2014: Zhonghua Yi Xue za Zhi [Chinese medical journal]
R Colombo, F Raimondi, R Rech, A Castelli, T Fossali, A Marchi, B Borghi, A Corona, S Guzzetti
BACKGROUND: Surgical noxious stimuli generate a stress response with an increased sympathetic activity, potentially affecting the perioperative outcome. Surgical Pleth Index (SPI), derived from the pulse plethysmogram, has been proposed as a tool to assess nociception-antinociception balance. The relationship between SPI and autonomic nervous system (ANS) during general anesthesia is poorly understood and it is doubtful if SPI-guided analgesia may offer advantages over the standard clinical practice...
August 2015: Minerva Anestesiologica
Jan Benes, Mariateresa Giglio, Nicola Brienza, Frederic Michard
INTRODUCTION: Dynamic predictors of fluid responsiveness, namely systolic pressure variation, pulse pressure variation, stroke volume variation and pleth variability index have been shown to be useful to identify in advance patients who will respond to a fluid load by a significant increase in stroke volume and cardiac output. As a result, they are increasingly used to guide fluid therapy. Several randomized controlled trials have tested the ability of goal-directed fluid therapy (GDFT) based on dynamic parameters (GDFTdyn) to improve post-surgical outcome...
2014: Critical Care: the Official Journal of the Critical Care Forum
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"