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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28212934/effects-of-basil-seed-gum-cress-seed-gum-and-quince-seed-gum-on-the-physical-textural-and-rheological-properties-of-whipped-cream
#1
Reza Farahmandfar, Maryam Asnaashari, Reza Salahi, Tandis Khosravi Rad
This study focuses on the physical, textural and rheological properties of low fat (LF) whipped cream with 30% fat content developed with Basil seed gum (BSG), Cress seed gum (CSG) and Quince seed gum (QSG) at the concentration of 0.1 and 0.3% (wt/wt) and comparison with high fat (HF) whipped cream sample (55%) as control. Flow curves were analyzed using Herschel bulkey and Carreau models through a fitting procedure. The rheological investigations confirmed that all samples were shear thinning fluid exhibiting a yield stress and thixotropy properties...
February 14, 2017: International Journal of Biological Macromolecules
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28212900/basic-educational-needs-of-midwifery-students-for-taking-the-role-of-an-assistance-in-disaster-situations-a-cross-sectional-study-in-iran
#2
Z Taghizadeh, M Khoshnam Rad, A Montazeri
BACKGROUND: After disasters, the disaster medical assistance team composed of skilful healthcare staff should be available at the disaster site for providing care to disaster's victims. It is believed that midwives are at the front line of the disaster management team and should be prepared for providing care to mothers and children. OBJECTIVES: To investigate the midwifery students' basic educational needs for taking the role of an assistant in disaster situations...
January 22, 2017: Nurse Education Today
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28211806/digital-breast-tomosynthesis-plus-mammography-magnetic-resonance-imaging-plus-mammography-and-mammography-alone-a-comparison-of-diagnostic-performance-in-symptomatic-women
#3
Wei Tang, Fei-Xiang Hu, Hui Zhu, Qi-Feng Wang, Ya-Jia Gu, Wei-Jun Peng
PURPOSE: To compare the diagnostic efficiency of digital breast tomosynthesis (DBT) plus digital mammography (DM) and magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) plus DM in symptomatic women. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The protocol used in our study was accepted by the ethics committee at our hospital, and informed consent was obtained from all patients. Between June and December 2014, 197 patients with 238 histologically proven lesions all underwent DM, DBT and MRI. Two radiologists were responsible for interpreting all images according to the Breast Imaging Reporting and Data System (BI-RADS)...
February 17, 2017: Clinical Hemorheology and Microcirculation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28210514/hemorrhagic-colloid-cyst-presenting-with-acute-hydrocephaly
#4
Reza Akhavan, Behrouz Zandi, Masoud Pezeshki-Rad, Donya Farrokh, Bita Abbasi
Colloid cysts are benign slow-growing cystic lesions located on the roof of the third ventricle that usually present with symptoms related to gradual rise of intracranial pressure. They mostly remain asymptomatic and sometimes grow progressively and cause diverse symptoms associated with increased intracranial pressure such as headache, diplopia, and sixth cranial nerve palsy. Here we report a 47-year-old female who presented to the emergency department with acute severe headache and nausea/vomiting. On MRI examination acute hydrocephaly due to hemorrhagic colloid cyst was detected...
2017: Case Reports in Neurological Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28207814/jmjd-5-kdm8-regulates-h3k36me2-and-is-required-for-late-steps-of-homologous-recombination-and-genome-integrity
#5
Pier Giorgio Amendola, Nico Zaghet, João J Ramalho, Jens Vilstrup Johansen, Mike Boxem, Anna Elisabetta Salcini
The eukaryotic genome is organized in a three-dimensional structure called chromatin, constituted by DNA and associated proteins, the majority of which are histones. Post-translational modifications of histone proteins greatly influence chromatin structure and regulate many DNA-based biological processes. Methylation of lysine 36 of histone 3 (H3K36) is a post-translational modification functionally relevant during early steps of DNA damage repair. Here, we show that the JMJD-5 regulates H3K36 di-methylation and it is required at late stages of double strand break repair mediated by homologous recombination...
February 16, 2017: PLoS Genetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28203450/the-effect-of-probiotic-yogurt-on-constipation-in-pregnant-women-a-randomized-controlled-clinical-trial
#6
Mojgan Mirghafourvand, Aziz Homayouni Rad, Sakineh Mohammad Alizadeh Charandabi, Zahra Fardiazar, Kolsoum Shokri
BACKGROUND: Probiotics can alter the colonic microbiota and might improve bowel function. OBJECTIVES: The aim of this study was to evaluate the effect of the consumption of yogurt, enriched with Bifidobacterium and Lactobacillus 4.8 × 10(10) (CFU) on the symptoms of constipated pregnant women. MATERIALS AND METHODS: This triple-blind randomized controlled trial was conducted on 60 constipated pregnant women who were diagnosed by the ROME III criteria in Tabriz, Iran from December 2014 to July 2015...
November 2016: Iranian Red Crescent Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28201986/the-origin-of-chow-chows-in-the-light-of-the-east-asian-breeds
#7
Hechuan Yang, Guodong Wang, Meng Wang, Yaping Ma, Tingting Yin, Ruoxi Fan, Hong Wu, Li Zhong, David M Irwin, Weiwei Zhai, Yaping Zhang
BACKGROUND: East Asian dog breeds are one of the most ancient groups of dogs that radiated after the domestication of the dog and represent the most basal lineages of dog evolution. Among these, the Chow Chow is an ancient breed that embodies very distinct morphological and physiological features, such as sturdy build, dense coat, and blue/purple tongue. RESULTS: Using a Restricted site Associated DNA (RAD) sequencing approach, we sequenced the genomes of nine Chow Chows from China...
February 16, 2017: BMC Genomics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28199152/can-radiologists-predict-the-presence-of-ductal-carcinoma-in-situ-and-invasive-breast-cancer
#8
Shadi Aminololama-Shakeri, Chris I Flowers, Christine E McLaren, Dorota J Wisner, Jade de Guzman, Joan E Campbell, Lawrence W Bassett, Haydee Ojeda-Fournier, Karen Gerlach, Jonathan Hargreaves, Sarah L Elson, Hanna Retallack, Bonnie N Joe, Stephen A Feig, Colin J Wells
OBJECTIVE: We hypothesize that radiologists' estimated percentage likelihood assessments for the presence of ductal carcinoma in situ (DCIS) and invasive cancer may predict histologic outcomes. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Two hundred fifty cases categorized as BI-RADS category 4 or 5 at four University of California Medical Centers were retrospectively reviewed by 10 academic radiologists with a range of 1-39 years in practice. Readers assigned BI-RADS category (1, 2, 3, 4a, 4b, 4c, or 5), estimated percentage likelihood of DCIS or invasive cancer (0-100%), and confidence rating (1 = low, 5 = high) after reviewing screening and diagnostic mammograms and ultrasound images...
February 15, 2017: AJR. American Journal of Roentgenology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28199127/development-of-rad-score-a-tool-to-assess-the-procedural-competence-of-diagnostic-radiology-residents
#9
Inga Isupov, Matthew D F McInnes, Stan J Hamstra, Geoffrey Doherty, Ashish Gupta, Susan Peddle, Zaid Jibri, Kawan Rakhra, Rebecca M Hibbert
OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study is to develop a tool to assess the procedural competence of radiology trainees, with sources of evidence gathered from five categories to support the construct validity of tool: content, response process, internal structure, relations to other variables, and consequences. SUBJECTS AND METHODS: A pilot form for assessing procedural competence among radiology residents, known as the RAD-Score tool, was developed by evaluating published literature and using a modified Delphi procedure involving a group of local content experts...
February 15, 2017: AJR. American Journal of Roentgenology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28196759/follow-up-mr-imaging-of-pi-rads-3-and-pi-rads-4-prostate-lesions
#10
Elke Hauth, Horst Jaeger, Horst Hohmuth, Meinrad Beer
OBJECTIVE: To determine the rate of malignancy after follow-up MR imaging of the prostate in PI-RADS 3 lesions without core biopsy and PI-RADS 4 lesions after negative initial core biopsy. MATERIALS AND METHODS: We performed follow-up MRI in 46/72 (64%) patients with PI-RADS 3 lesions and 26/72 (36%) patients with PI-RADS 4 lesions in baseline MRI. RESULTS: The rate of malignancy in PI-RADS 3 lesions was 4% (2/46) and in PI-RADS 4 lesions 69% (18/26)...
January 30, 2017: Clinical Imaging
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28195015/the-effect-of-catastrophic-health-expenditure-on-work-after-retirement
#11
Enayatollah Homaie Rad, Arash Rashidian, Mohamad Arab, Ali Souri
Several factors can force retirees to go to paid work. Catastrophic health-care expenditure (CHCE) is one of the driving forces for retirees to go to paid work. This cross-sectional study was based on 6,307 Iran retirees' data. Xu method was used to calculate CHCE, and a logit model was estimated to show the association between CHCE and bridge employment. Other control variables were added to the model. The findings showed that there was positive relationship between CHCE and bridge employment. Retirement pension had negative relationship with work after retirement...
March 2017: International Journal of Aging & Human Development
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28194530/application-of-selected-scaffolds-for-bone-tissue-engineering-a-systematic-review
#12
REVIEW
Sepanta Hosseinpour, Mitra Ghazizadeh Ahsaie, Maryam Rezai Rad, Mohammad Taghi Baghani, Saeed Reza Motamedian, Arash Khojasteh
PURPOSE: The current systematic review investigated the results of application of some of the most commonly used scaffolds in conjugation with stem cells and growth factors in animal and clinical studies. METHODS: A comprehensive electronic search was conducted according to the PRISMA guidelines in NCBI PMC and PubMed from January 1970 to December 2015 limited to English language publications with available full texts. In vivo studies in relation to "bone healing," "bone regeneration," and at least one of the following items were investigated: allograft, β-tricalcium phosphate, deproteinized bovine bone mineral, hydroxyapetite/tricalcium phosphate, nanohydroxyapatite, and composite scaffolds...
February 13, 2017: Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28183601/fabrication-of-biodegradable-zn-al-mg-alloy-mechanical-properties-corrosion-behavior-cytotoxicity-and-antibacterial-activities
#13
H R Bakhsheshi-Rad, E Hamzah, H T Low, M Kasiri-Asgarani, S Farahany, E Akbari, M H Cho
In this work, binary Zn-0.5Al and ternary Zn-0.5Al-xMg alloys with various Mg contents were investigated as biodegradable materials for implant applications. Compared with Zn-0.5Al (single phase), Zn-0.5Al-xMg alloys consisted of the α-Zn and Mg2(Zn, Al)11 with a fine lamellar structure. The results also revealed that ternary Zn-Al-Mg alloys presented higher micro-hardness value, tensile strength and corrosion resistance compared to the binary Zn-Al alloy. In addition, the tensile strength and corrosion resistance increased with increasing the Mg content in ternary alloys...
April 1, 2017: Materials Science & Engineering. C, Materials for Biological Applications
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28182285/an-audit-of-the-results-of-ultrasound-guided-core-needle-biopsy-of-mammography-versus-ultrasound-screen-detected-breast-lesions
#14
Sun Jung Rhee, Boo-Kyung Han, Eun Sook Ko, Ji Soo Choi, Eun Young Ko
PURPOSE: To analyze the malignancy rate of ultrasound-guided core needle biopsy (US-CNB) for screen-detected breast lesions and to evaluate the results according to the mode of detection of the target lesions. METHODS: This is a retrospective review of 703 consecutive women who underwent US-CNB for screen-detected breast lesions at a single tertiary hospital. Breast Imaging Reporting and Data System (BI-RADS) categories and histopathological results of the target lesions were assessed...
February 9, 2017: Journal of Clinical Ultrasound: JCU
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28181826/a-new-method-for-the-prevention-of-skin-laceration-during-vacuum-assisted-breast-biopsy
#15
Juan D Berna, Florentina Guzmán-Aroca, Juan de Dios Berná-Mestre, Dolores Hernández-Gómez
OBJECTIVE: To describe a new technique to prevent skin laceration during ultrasound-guided vacuum-assisted breast biopsy (VABB) with the insertion of a spinal needle between the mass and the skin. METHODS: The study includes 118 patients with 118 BI-RADS 3 masses located very close to the skin or areola, which were excised using the Mammotome system with a spinal needle inserted just above the site of insertion of the probe. RESULTS: The mean distance between the most superficial portion of the mass to the under surface of the overlying skin was 1...
February 9, 2017: British Journal of Radiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28181343/apparent-diffusion-coefficient-values-may-help-predict-which-mri-detected-high-risk-breast-lesions-will-upgrade-at-surgical-excision
#16
Safia Cheeney, Habib Rahbar, Brian N Dontchos, Sara H Javid, Mara H Rendi, Savannah C Partridge
PURPOSE: To investigate whether diffusion-weighted imaging (DWI) features could assist in determining which high-risk lesions identified on dynamic contrast-enhanced (DCE) magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) and diagnosed on core needle biopsy (CNB) will upgrade to malignancy on surgical excision. MATERIALS AND METHODS: This Institutional Review Board (IRB)-approved prospective study included participants with MRI-detected Breast Imaging Reporting and Data System (BI-RADS) 4 or 5 lesions with high-risk pathology on CNB who underwent surgical excision...
February 9, 2017: Journal of Magnetic Resonance Imaging: JMRI
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28179929/tooth-discoloration-resulting-from-a-nano-zinc-oxide-eugenol-sealer
#17
Mina Zarei, Maryam Javidi, Marzieh Jafari, Maryam Gharechahi, Pedram Javidi, Maryam Shayani Rad
INTRODUCTION: A desirable quality of any endodontic sealer is its ability to be tooth color friendly. Therefore the aim of the present study was to evaluate the tooth discoloration potential of a nano zinc oxide-eugenol (NZOE) sealer. METHODS AND MATERIALS: In order to evaluate tooth discoloration, the pulp chamber of 60 human maxillary central and lateral incisors were filled with one of the sealers, naming AH-26 (resin-based sealer), Pulpdent sealer (ZOE-based) and a NZOE experimental sealer...
2017: Iranian Endodontic Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28169128/population-genomics-reveals-high-gene-flow-in-grass-rockfish-sebastes-rastrelliger
#18
Edith Martinez, Vincent Buonaccorsi, John R Hyde, Andres Aguilar
Variation at the genomic level is important for understanding a species' demographic and phylogenetic history, in addition to identifying candidate regions that may be under selection and important to local adaptation. We used restriction-site associated DNA (RAD) sequencing to sample single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) from the grass rockfish genome (Sebastes rastrelliger) to assess range-wide patterns of population structure and test for signatures of selection (i.e. outlier loci). Two different filtering criteria yielded 6572 and 10,393 SNPs that were genotyped in over 70% of 110 individuals from six sampling areas using RAD loci...
February 4, 2017: Marine Genomics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28163865/evaluation-of-the-success-rate-of-ultrasound-guided-transjugular-liver-biopsy-tjlb-and-the-associated-complications
#19
Masoud Pezeshki Rad, Hamidreza Sima, Reza Khazaeeian, Mahyar Mohammadifard
INTRODUCTION: Transjugular liver biopsy (TJLB) is a diagnostic radiological intervention, applied to patients with contraindications to percutaneous or laparoscopic liver biopsy. The aim of this study was to determine the safety, effectiveness, complications, and pathological impact of TJLB. METHODS: This cross-sectional study was conducted on 24 consecutive patients, undergoing TJLB at Imam Reza Hospital, affiliated to Mashhad University of Medical Sciences, from April 2010 to March 2011...
December 2016: Electronic Physician
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28163596/rad-seq-analysis-of-typical-and-minor-citrus-accessions-including-bhutanese-varieties
#20
Tshering Penjor, Takashi Mimura, Nobuhiro Kotoda, Ryoji Matsumoto, Atsushi J Nagano, Mie N Honjo, Hiroshi Kudoh, Masashi Yamamoto, Yukio Nagano
We analyzed the reduced-representation genome sequences of Citrus species by double-digest restriction site-associated DNA sequencing (ddRAD-Seq) using 44 accessions, including typical and minor accessions, such as Bhutanese varieties. The results of this analysis using typical accessions were consistent with previous reports that citron, papeda, pummelo, and mandarin are ancestral species, and that most Citrus species are derivatives or hybrids of these four species. Citrus varieties often reproduce asexually and heterozygosity is highly conserved within each variety...
December 2016: Breeding Science
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