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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28807986/a-turbine-driven-ventilator-improves-adherence-to-advanced-cardiac-life-support-guidelines-during-a-cardiopulmonary-resuscitation-simulation
#1
Scott G Allen, Lara Brewer, Erik S Gillis, Nathan L Pace, Derek J Sakata, Joseph A Orr
BACKGROUND: Research has shown that increased breathing frequency during cardiopulmonary resuscitation is inversely correlated with systolic blood pressure. Rescuers often hyperventilate during cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR). Current American Heart Association advanced cardiac life support recommends a ventilation rate of 8 -10 breaths/min. We hypothesized that a small, turbine-driven ventilator would allow rescuers to adhere more closely to advanced cardiac life support (ACLS) guidelines...
August 14, 2017: Respiratory Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28767532/cardiac-arrest-secondary-to-lightning-strike-case-report-and-review-of-the-literature
#2
Elena L Rotariu, Mioara D Manole
Lightning strike injuries, although less common than electrical injuries, have a higher morbidity rate because of critical alterations of the circulatory system, respiratory system, and central nervous system. Most lightning-related deaths occur immediately after injury because of arrhythmia or respiratory failure. We describe the case of a pediatric patient who experienced cardiorespiratory arrest secondary to a lightning strike, where the Advanced Cardiac Life Support and Basic Life Support chain of survival was well executed, leading to return of spontaneous circulation and intact neurological survival...
August 1, 2017: Pediatric Emergency Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28761704/cpr-performance-in-the-presence-of-audiovisual-feedback-or-football-shoulder-pads
#3
Shota Tanaka, Wayne Rodrigues, Susan Sotir, Ryo Sagisaka, Hideharu Tanaka
OBJECTIVE: The initiation of cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR) can be complicated by the use of protective equipment in contact sports, and the rate of success in resuscitating the patient depends on the time from incident to start of CPR. The aim of our study was to see if (1) previous training, (2) the presence of audiovisual feedback and (3) the presence of football shoulder pads (FSP) affected the quality of chest compressions. METHODS: Six basic life support certified athletic training students (BLS-ATS), six basic life support certified emergency medical service personnel (BLS-EMS) and six advanced cardiac life support certified emergency medical service personnel (ACLS-EMS) participated in a crossover manikin study...
2017: BMJ Open Sport & Exercise Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28751839/the-future-of-telemedicine-for-the-management-of-heart-failure-patients-a-consensus-document-of-the-italian-association-of-hospital-cardiologists-a-n-m-c-o-the-italian-society-of-cardiology-s-i-c-and-the-italian-society-for-telemedicine-and-ehealth-digital
#4
Andrea Di Lenarda, Giancarlo Casolo, Michele Massimo Gulizia, Nadia Aspromonte, Simonetta Scalvini, Andrea Mortara, Gianfranco Alunni, Renato Pietro Ricci, Roberto Mantovan, Giancarmine Russo, Gian Franco Gensini, Francesco Romeo
Telemedicine applied to heart failure patients is a tool for recording and providing remote transmission, storage and interpretation of cardiovascular parameters and/or useful diagnostic images to allow for intensive home monitoring of patients with advanced heart failure, or during the vulnerable post-acute phase, to improve patient's prognosis and quality of life. Recently, several meta-analyses have shown that telemedicine-supported care pathways are not only effective but also economically advantageous...
May 2017: European Heart Journal Supplements: Journal of the European Society of Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28741005/the-pan-asian-resuscitation-outcomes-study-paros-clinical-research-network-what-where-why-and-how
#5
Nausheen Edwin Doctor, Nur Shahidah Binte Ahmad, Pin Pin Pek, Susan Yap, Marcus Eng Hock Ong
Out-of-hospital cardiac arrest (OHCA) is a global health concern with an incidence rate of 50-60 per 100,000 person-years. To improve OHCA survival rates, several cardiac arrest registries have been set up in North America and Europe, such as the Resuscitation Outcomes Consortium, Cardiac Arrest Registry to Enhance Survival, Ontario Prehospital Advanced Life Support and European Registry of Cardiac Arrest. In Asia, however, there was previously no concerted effort in prehospital emergency care research owing to differences in prehospital emergency medical services systems, data collection methods and outcome reporting between countries...
July 2017: Singapore Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28741002/extracorporeal-membrane-oxygenation-in-cardiac-arrest
#6
Boon Kiat Kenneth Tan
The survival of cardiac arrest patients is dependent on the efficient and timely application of the chain of survival. This includes early identification of cardiac arrest and activation of the emergency response system, high-quality cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR), rapid defibrillation, basic and advanced medical services, and advanced life support and post-cardiac arrest care. However, some patients may be refractory to these measures. Extracorporeal membrane oxygenation CPR (ECPR), otherwise known as extracorporeal life support, offers an alternative to such refractory cardiac arrest cases...
July 2017: Singapore Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28740999/advanced-cardiac-life-support-2016-singapore-guidelines
#7
Chi Keong Ching, Siew Hon Benjamin Leong, Siang Jin Terrance Chua, Swee Han Lim, Kenneth Heng, Sohil Pothiawala, Venkataraman Anantharaman
The main areas of emphasis in the Advanced Cardiac Life Support (ACLS) guidelines are: early recognition of cardiac arrest and call for help; good-quality chest compressions; early defibrillation when applicable; early administration of drugs; appropriate airway management ensuring normoventilation; and delivery of appropriate post-resuscitation care to enhance survival. Of note, it is important to monitor the quality of the various care procedures. The resuscitation team needs to reduce unnecessary interruptions to chest compressions in order to maintain adequate coronary perfusion pressure during the ACLS drill...
July 2017: Singapore Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28698191/manual-versus-semiautomatic-rhythm-analysis-and-defibrillation-for-out-of-hospital-cardiac-arrest
#8
Ziad Nehme, Emily Andrew, Resmi Nair, Stephen Bernard, Karen Smith
BACKGROUND: Although manual and semiautomatic external defibrillation (SAED) are commonly used in the management of out-of-hospital cardiac arrest, the optimal strategy is not known. We hypothesized that SAED would reduce the time to first shock and lead to higher rates of cardioversion and survival compared with a manual strategy. METHODS AND RESULTS: Between July 2005 and June 2015, we included adult out-of-hospital cardiac arrest of presumed cardiac pathogenesis...
July 2017: Circulation. Cardiovascular Quality and Outcomes
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28698134/effects-of-advanced-life-support-on-patients-who-suffered-cardiac-arrest-outside-of-hospital-and-were-defibrillated
#9
Akihito Hagihara, Daisuke Onozuka, Takashi Nagata, Manabu Hasegawa
BACKGROUND: The effects and relative benefits of advanced airway management and epinephrine on patients with out-of-hospital cardiac arrest (OHCA) who were defibrillated are not well understood. METHODS: This was a prospective observational study. Using data of all out-of-hospital cardiac arrest cases occurring between 2005 and 2013 in Japan, hierarchical logistic regression and conditional logistic regression along with time-dependent propensity matching were performed...
July 5, 2017: American Journal of Emergency Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28682938/improving-patient-selection-for-refractory-out-of-hospital-cardiac-arrest-treated-with-extracorporeal-life-support
#10
Tahar Chouihed, Antoine Kimmoun, Adrien Lauvray, Francois-Xavier Laithier, Deborah Jaeger, Simon Lemoine, Juan Pablo Maureira, Lionel Nace, Kevin Duarte, Stéphane Albizzati, Nicolas Girerd, Bruno Levy
BACKGROUND: Despite recent management improvement, including Extra-Corporeal Life Support (ECLS), refractory out-of-hospital cardiac arrest (ROHCA) survival remains dramatically low. METHODS: We assessed an innovative strategy (Out of hoSpital Cardiac ARrest-ExtraCorporeal Life Support - "OSCAR-ECLS") to optimize access to ECLS of ROHCA patients and reduce the delay between recognition and ECLS implantation. METHODS: This study, conducted in a tertiary teaching hospital, compared the survival and delay times of ROHCA patients treated by ECLS before and after OSCAR-ECLS implementation...
July 4, 2017: Shock
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28659194/out-of-hospital-cardio-pulmonary-arrest-is-there-a-role-for-the-primary-healthcare-teams
#11
Shlomo Vinker
Out of hospital cardiac arrest (OHCA) remains a major cause of morbidity and mortality. The survival rates are poor and even more frustrating are the rates of neurologically favorable outcomes at hospital discharge. In a recent IJHPR article, Einav et al. concluded that many primary care clinics are underequipped and the physicians underprepared to initiate life-saving services. The chance of having an OHCA in a primary care clinic is very low. But although the impact is small, primary care teams as well as other out-of-hospital healthcare personal should be familiar with the telephone number for summoning emergency medical services (EMS), be aware of the location of the defibrillator in their clinic, and know how to use it...
June 28, 2017: Israel Journal of Health Policy Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28648673/clinical-evaluation-of-active-abdominal-lifting-and-compression-cardiopulmonary-resuscitation-in-patients-with-cardiac-arrest
#12
Min Li, Wei Song, Yan-Hong Ouyang, Duo-Hu Wu, Jun Zhang, Li-Xiang Wang, Jing Li
BACKGROUND: Chest compression is a standard recommendation during cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR). However, chest compression cannot be effectively applied under certain situations, such as chest wall deformity, rib fracture, or hemopneumothorax. An alternative method, abdominal compression, was reported to achieve better resuscitation outcomes in these patients. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A prospective study was performed in adult patients with cardiac arrest and anticipated ineffective chest compression (thoracic trauma, chest deformity, rib fracture, and hemopneumothorax)...
June 17, 2017: American Journal of Emergency Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28646584/prehospital-advanced-cardiac-life-support-for-out-of-hospital-cardiac-arrest-a-cohort-study
#13
Alexis Cournoyer, Eric Notebaert, Massimiliano Iseppon, Sylvie Cossette, Luc Londei-Leduc, Yoan Lamarche, Judy Morris, Éric Piette, Raoul Daoust, Jean-Marc Chauny, Catalina Sokoloff, Yiorgos Alexandros Cavayas, Jean Paquet, André Denault
OBJECTIVES: Out-of-hospital advanced cardiac life support (ACLS) has not consistently shown a positive impact on survival. Extracorporeal cardiopulmonary resuscitation (E-CPR) could render prolonged on-site resuscitation (ACLS or basic cardiac life support [BCLS]) undesirable in selected cases. The objectives of this study were to evaluate, in patients suffering from out-of-hospital cardiac arrest (OHCA) and in a subgroup of potential E-CPR candidates, the association between the addition of prehospital ACLS to BCLS and survival to hospital discharge, prehospital return of spontaneous circulation (ROSC) and delay from call to hospital arrival...
June 24, 2017: Academic Emergency Medicine: Official Journal of the Society for Academic Emergency Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28641713/assessment-tools-for-use-during-anesthesia-centric-pediatric-advanced-life-support-training-and-evaluation
#14
Scott C Watkins, Paul J Nietert, Elisabeth Hughes, Eric T Stickles, Tracy E Wester, Matthew D McEvoy
BACKGROUND: Pediatric perioperative cardiac arrests are rare events that require rapid, skilled and coordinated efforts to optimize outcomes. We developed an assessment tool for assessing clinician performance during perioperative critical events termed Anesthesia-centric Pediatric Advanced Life Support (A-PALS). Here, we describe the development and evaluation of the A-PALS scoring instrument. METHODS: A group of raters scored videos of a perioperative team managing simulated events representing a range of scenarios and competency...
June 2017: American Journal of the Medical Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28624594/variability-in-the-initiation-of-resuscitation-attempts-by-emergency-medical-services-personnel-during-out-of-hospital-cardiac-arrest
#15
Steven C Brooks, Robert H Schmicker, Sheldon Cheskes, Jim Christenson, Alan Craig, Mohamud Daya, Peter J Kudenchuk, Graham Nichol, Dana Zive, Laurie J Morrison
BACKGROUND: Some patients with out-of-hospital cardiac arrest (OHCA) assessed by emergency medical services (EMS) do not receive attempts at resuscitation on the basis of perceived futility. AIMS: 1) To measure variability in the initiation of resuscitation attempts in EMS-assessed OHCA patients across EMS agencies, 2) to evaluate the association between selected EMS agency characteristics and the proportion of patients receiving resuscitation attempts, and 3) to evaluate the association between proportion receiving resuscitation attempts and survival...
August 2017: Resuscitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28617693/brukhonenko-s-autojector-the-first-apparatus-for-cardiopulmonary-bypass-and-extracorporeal-life-support
#16
Sergey P Glyantsev, Pavel M Bogopolsky, Vakhtang Tchantchaleishvili
Sergey Brukhonenko was a prominent Soviet physician-scientist who from 1922 to 1924 developed a methodology for perfusing a canine head and keeping it alive using the first extracorporeal life support device he created called "Autojector." From 1926 to 1927, in collaboration with surgeon Nikolay Terebinsky, he performed a series of perfusion experiments of the entire canine body using a more advanced model of Autojector. Subsequently, Brukhonenko concluded the possibility of extending this methodology to heart surgery...
June 13, 2017: ASAIO Journal: a Peer-reviewed Journal of the American Society for Artificial Internal Organs
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28605928/targeted-temperature-management-after-out-of-hospital-cardiac-arrest-in-three-young-patients
#17
Amina Godinjak, Amer Iglica, Adis Kukuljac, Ira Tančica, Selma Jusufović, Anes Ajanović, Šejla Rožajac
OBJECTIVE: We present the use of targeted temperature management in a tertiary-level intensive care unit, in three patients who experienced an out-of-hospital cardiac arrest. CASE REPORT: Three young patients experienced an out-of-hospital non-coronary cardiac arrest. The causes of the cardiac arrest were: Wolf-Parkinson-White syndrome, drug overdose and long-QT syndrome. All patients were resuscitated according to the advanced cardiac life support guidelines, and treated with targeted temperature management, with a target temperature of 33°C for 24 hours...
May 2017: Acta Medica Academica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28604999/percutaneous-cardiac-support-during-myocardial-infarction-drastically-reduces-mortality-perspectives-from-a-swine-model
#18
Maria Giovanna Trivella, Alessandra Piersigilli, Fabio Bernini, Gualtiero Pelosi, Silvia Burchielli, Stefano Puzzuoli, Claudia Kusmic, Antonio L'Abbate
BACKGROUND/AIMS: Acute myocardial infarction (AMI) with cardiogenic shock (CS) remains the leading cause of in-hospital death in acute coronary syndromes. In the AMI-CS pig model we tested the efficacy of temporary percutaneous cardiorespiratory assist device (PCRA) in rescuing the failing heart and reducing early mortality. METHODS: In open-chest pigs we induced AMI by proximal left anterior descending coronary artery (LAD) ligation. Eight animals without PCRA (C group) were compared with 12 animals otherwise treated with PCRA (T group), starting approximately at 60 minutes post-occlusion and lasting 120-180 minutes...
July 5, 2017: International Journal of Artificial Organs
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28598888/long-term-diabetes-complications-after-pancreas-transplantation
#19
Trond Jenssen, Anders Hartmann, Kåre I Birkeland
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: The intention of this study is to summarize present knowledge about adverse effects of hyperglycemia in diabetes, and in this context review more recent data concerning the effects of pancreas transplantation on a wide range of diabetic complications. RECENT FINDINGS: Effective blood glucose control by insulin delays progression of microvascular complications and probably improves survival in type 1 diabetes. A successful pancreas transplantation combined with a kidney graft has recently been found to prevent diabetic kidney lesions, and registry data support improved long-term patient survival...
August 2017: Current Opinion in Organ Transplantation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28590987/-chaotic-arrhythmia-during-successful-resuscitation-after-ingestion-of-yew-taxus-baccata-needles
#20
Andreas Zutter, Kathrin Hauri, Katrina S Evers, Sabine Uhde, Jens Fassl, Oliver Tobias Reuthebuch, Andreas Berset, Michael Kühne, Birgit C Donner
OBJECTIVE: The study aims to describe the management of a case of life-threatening yew (Taxus baccata) intoxication. BACKGROUND: The needles of the yew tree contain highly cardiotoxic taxines. Intoxication with taxines, typically as part of suicide attempts, may lead to potentially lethal arrhythmias which often require prolonged cardiopulmonary resuscitation and other supportive measures. No specific therapy has been described. In some cases, extracorporeal life support has been used...
June 6, 2017: Pediatric Emergency Care
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