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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29601622/a-systematic-review-of-topical-finasteride-in-the-treatment-of-androgenetic-alopecia-in-men-and-women
#1
Sung Won Lee, Margit Juhasz, Pezhman Mobasher, Chloe Ekelem, Natasha Atanaskova Mesinkovska
INTRODUCTION: Currently, only topical minoxidil (MNX) and oral finasteride (FNS) are approved by the Food and Drug Administration (FDA) and the European Medicines Agency (EMA) for the treatment of androgenetic alopecia. Although FNS is efficacious for hair regrowth, its systemic use is associated with side effects limiting long-term utilization. Exploring topical FNS as an alternative treatment regimen may prove promising. METHODS: A search was conducted to identify studies regarding human in vivo topical FNS treatment efficacy including clinically relevant case reports, randomized controlled trials (RCTs), and prospective studies...
April 1, 2018: Journal of Drugs in Dermatology: JDD
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29522176/treatment-options-for-hirsutism-a-systematic-review-and-network-meta-analysis
#2
Patricia Barrionuevo, Mohammed Nabhan, Osama Altayar, Zhen Wang, Patricia J Erwin, Noor Asi, Kathryn A Martin, M Hassan Murad
Background: Several pharmacologic treatments for hirsutism are used in practice; however, their relative efficacy is unclear. Methods: We searched MEDLINE, EMBASE, and CENTRAL through January 2017 for randomized controlled trials (RCTs) with follow-up of at least 6 months that evaluated antiandrogens, insulin sensitizers, and oral contraceptives in women with hirsutism. Independent pairs of reviewers selected and appraised trials. Random-effects network meta-analysis was used to compare individual drugs and classes...
March 7, 2018: Journal of Clinical Endocrinology and Metabolism
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29464847/clinical-efficacy-of-oral-administration-of-finasteride-at-a-dose-of-2-5-mg-day-in-women-with-female-pattern-hair-loss
#3
Yong-Yon Won, Bark-Lynn Lew, Woo-Young Sim
Female pattern hair loss (FPHL) presents with diffuse thinning over the mid-frontal scalp, for which various treatment modalities have been tried. Although currently, oral 5 α-reductase inhibitors such as finasteride are being used, their clinical efficacy remains controversial. We retrospectively investigated 544 premenopausal or postmenopausal patients with FPHL who were prescribed finasteride at a dose of 2.5 mg/day. Our study excluded patients with a follow-up period of < 3 months and patients who were prescribed other FPHL treatment modalities including topical minoxidil...
February 20, 2018: Dermatologic Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29440863/adverse-effects-with-finasteride-5-mg-day-for-patterned-hair-loss-in-premenopausal-women
#4
Rui Oliveira-Soares, Marisa C André, Miguel Peres-Correia
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 2018: International Journal of Trichology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29428960/sesquiterpene-enriched-extract-of-curcuma-aeruginosa-roxb-retards-axillary-hair-growth-a-randomised-placebo-controlled-double-blind-study
#5
Jukkarin Srivilai, Kanjana Nontakhot, Thanawan Nutuan, Neti Waranuch, Nantaka Khorana, Wudtichai Wisuthiprot, C Norman Scholfield, Katechan Champachaisri, Kornkanok Ingkaninan
BACKGROUND: Sesquiterpenes in Curcuma aeruginosa Roxb. inhibit steroid 5α-reductase and dihydrotestosterone production, and reverse androgenic alopecia. This study sought to show that a high sesquiterpene C. aeruginosa extract (CA-ext) retards axillary hair growth in women. METHODS: Thirty women (age 20-52 years) were recruited into a 12-week, double-blind, placebo-controlled intervention for CA-ext treatment, where they were randomly allocated to a left or right armpit group...
February 9, 2018: Skin Pharmacology and Physiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29118521/a-proposal-of-an-effective-platelet-rich-plasma-protocol-for-the-treatment-of-androgenetic-alopecia
#6
Juan Ferrando, Sandra Cecilia García-García, Ana Cecilia González-de-Cossío, Lola Bou, Esperanza Navarra
Background: Platelet-rich plasma (PRP) has emerged as a promising treatment for androgenetic alopecia (AGA). In spite of the several studies previously reported, to date, a standardized protocol for PRP preparation and application, as well as a standard method for evaluating results has not been established. Aims: The aim of this study is to propose a standardized method for preparation and application of PRP for male AGA (MAGA) and female AGA (FAGA) and assess its safety and efficacy as a co-adjuvant therapy...
October 2017: International Journal of Trichology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28765080/activation-of-extrasynaptic-%C3%AE-gabaa-receptors-globally-or-within-the-posterior-vta-has-estrous-dependent-effects-on-consumption-of-alcohol-and-estrous-independent-effects-on-locomotion
#7
Laverne C Melón, Zachary T Nolan, Delphine Colar, Eileen M Moore, Stephen L Boehm
Recent reports support higher than expected rates of binge alcohol consumption among women and girls. Unfortunately, few studies have assessed the mechanisms underlying this pattern of intake in females. Studies in males suggest that alcohol concentrations relevant to the beginning stages of binge intoxication may selectively target tonic GABAergic inhibition mediated by GABAA receptor subtypes expressing the δ-subunit protein (δ-GABAARs). Indeed, administration of agonists that interact with these δ-GABAARs prior to alcohol access can abolish binge drinking behavior in male mice...
September 2017: Hormones and Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28748570/lichen-planopilaris-in-a-latin-american-chilean-population-demographics-clinical-profile-and-treatment-experience
#8
F Mardones, J Shapiro
BACKGROUND: Lichen planopilaris (LPP) is characterized by lymphocytic infiltrate, fibrosis and potential destruction of the hair follicle. Demographic and clinical studies in LPP are limited, and racial differences have not been thoroughly investigated. AIM: To analyse epidemiological data and clinical profiles of Chilean adults with LPP, and report on the treatments used. METHODS: This was a retrospective review of medical records and clinical follow-up of Chilean adults with a clinical and histopathological diagnosis of LPP...
October 2017: Clinical and Experimental Dermatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28689207/design-of-finasteride-loaded-nanoparticles-for-potential-treatment-of-alopecia
#9
Luís V Roque, Inês S Dias, Nuno Cruz, Ana Rebelo, Amílcar Roberto, Patrícia Rijo, Catarina P Reis
BACKGROUND/AIMS: Androgenetic alopecia is an extremely common dermatological disorder affecting both men and women. Oral finasteride (FNS), a synthetic 4-aza-3-oxosteroid compound with poor aqueous solubility, blocks the peripheral conversion of testosterone to dihydrotestosterone (DHT) in a significant reduction in DHT concentration, achieving satisfactory results in alopecia treatment. However, its oral intake generally causes severe side effects. Considering that there is currently no scientifically proven treatment, new drug delivery systems able to improve alopecia therapy are urgently required...
2017: Skin Pharmacology and Physiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28396101/the-effectiveness-of-treatments-for-androgenetic-alopecia-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#10
REVIEW
Areej Adil, Marshall Godwin
BACKGROUND: Androgenetic alopecia, or male pattern hair loss, is a hair loss disorder mediated by dihydrotestosterone, the potent form of testosterone. Currently, minoxidil and finasteride are Food and Drug Administration (FDA)-approved, and HairMax LaserComb, which is FDA-cleared, are the only treatments recognized by the FDA as treatments of androgenetic alopecia. OBJECTIVE: This systematic review and meta-analysis assesses the efficacy of nonsurgical treatments of androgenetic alopecia in comparison to placebo for improving hair density, thickness, growth (defined by an increased anagen:telogen ratio), or subjective global assessments done by patients and investigators...
July 2017: Journal of the American Academy of Dermatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28338531/hormonal-manipulation-with-finasteride-or-oral-contraception-does-not-influence-incidence-of-renal-cell-carcinoma
#11
Aashish Kabra, Jonathan Gelfond, Michael A Liss
Androgens have been suspected to be involved in the initiation of renal cell carcinoma because of a two-fold increased risk in men compared with women. To investigate the role of self-reported finasteride or oral contraceptive use in the Prostate, Lung, Colorectal, and Ovarian (PCLO) to determine whether the androgen receptor reduces renal cancer development. We query the PCLO trial for predictor variables from the baseline questionnaire and follow-up questionnaires enquiring medication use, specifically the use of 5-α reductase inhibitors (dutasteride or finasteride) and oral contraceptive therapy...
March 23, 2017: European Journal of Cancer Prevention
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28258757/-frontal-fibrosing-alopecia-a-prospective-study-of-20%C3%A2-cases
#12
S Elloudi, S Gallouj, M Meziane, F-Z Mernissi, M Rimani
BACKGROUND: Frontal fibrosing alopecia (FFA) is a variant of lichen planopilaris predominantly affecting postmenopausal women. We report a series of 20 cases of FFA and describe the epidemiological, clinical, dermoscopic features and progress under treatment. PATIENTS AND METHODS: This was a prospective study conducted over a period of 16 months in patients seen at the dermatology department of the Hassan II University in Fez, Morocco. RESULTS: Mean patient age was 46 years...
February 28, 2017: Annales de Dermatologie et de Vénéréologie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28236431/catamenial-like-seizure-exacerbation-in-mice-with-targeted-ablation-of-extrasynaptic-%C3%AE-gaba-a-receptors-in-the-brain
#13
Bryan L Clossen, Doodipala Samba Reddy
Neurosteroids play a key role in catamenial epilepsy, a menstrual cycle-related seizure clustering in women with epilepsy. While neurosteroids act on all GABA-A receptor isoforms, they cause greater effects on extrasynaptic δGABA-A receptors that mediate tonic inhibition in the brain. Previously, we identified a potential GABA-A receptor mechanism for catamenial epilepsy. However, the precise functional role of extrasynaptic δGABA-A receptors in the pathophysiology of catamenial epilepsy remains unclear. In this study, we utilized mice lacking extrasynaptic δGABA-A receptors (δKO) to investigate whether reduction of tonic inhibition affects catamenial seizure susceptibility or intensity...
October 2017: Journal of Neuroscience Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27904832/frontal-fibrosing-alopecia-treatment-options
#14
Raymond Fertig, Antonella Tosti
Frontal fibrosing alopecia (FFA) is a rare dermatologic disease that causes scarring and hair loss and is increasing in prevalence worldwide. FFA patients typically present with hair loss in the frontal scalp region and eyebrows which may be associated with sensations of itching or burning. FFA is a clinically distinct variant of lichen planopilaris (LPP) that affects predominantly postmenopausal women, although men and premenopausal women may also be affected. Early diagnosis and prompt treatment are necessary to prevent definitive scarring and permanent hair loss...
November 2016: Intractable & Rare Diseases Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27672412/adverse-effects-and-safety-of-5-alpha-reductase-inhibitors-finasteride-dutasteride-a-systematic-review
#15
REVIEW
Jason M Hirshburg, Petra A Kelsey, Chelsea A Therrien, A Carlo Gavino, Jason S Reichenberg
Finasteride and dutasteride, both 5-alpha reductase inhibitors, are considered first-line treatment for androgenetic hair loss in men and used increasingly in women. In each case, patients are expected to take the medications indefinitely despite the lack of research regarding long-term adverse effects. Concerns regarding the adverse effects of these medications has led the United States National Institutes of Health to add a link for post-finasteride syndrome to its Genetic and Rare Disease Information Center...
July 2016: Journal of Clinical and Aesthetic Dermatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27618394/a-critical-assessment-of-the-evidence-for-low-level-laser-therapy-in-the-treatment-of-hair-loss
#16
REVIEW
Aditya K Gupta, Kelly A Foley
BACKGROUND: Low-level laser therapy (LLLT) is currently in use to stimulate hair growth and is quickly gaining in popularity due to the ease of use and absence of side effects. In 2015 alone, the number of LLLT devices with the Food and Drug Administration clearance has doubled. OBJECTIVE: To consolidate evidence and establish which data are still required for the widespread acceptance of LLLT for hair loss therapy. METHODS AND MATERIALS: A thorough search of the PubMed database was conducted to obtain studies investigating LLLT for androgenetic alopecia in men and women...
February 2017: Dermatologic Surgery: Official Publication for American Society for Dermatologic Surgery [et Al.]
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27554257/androgenetic-alopecia-an-update-of-treatment-options
#17
REVIEW
Yanna Kelly, Aline Blanco, Antonella Tosti
Androgenetic alopecia (AGA) is characterized by a non-scarring progressive miniaturization of the hair follicle in predisposed men and women with a pattern distribution. Although AGA is a very prevalent condition, approved therapeutic options are limited. This article discusses the current treatment alternatives including their efficacy, safety profile, and quality of evidence. Finasteride and minoxidil for male androgenetic alopecia and minoxidil for female androgenetic alopecia still are the therapeutic options with the highest level evidence...
September 2016: Drugs
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27225981/interventions-for-female-pattern-hair-loss
#18
REVIEW
Esther J van Zuuren, Zbys Fedorowicz, Jan Schoones
BACKGROUND: Female pattern hair loss (FPHL), or androgenic alopecia, is the most common type of hair loss affecting women. It is characterised by progressive shortening of the duration of the growth phase of the hair with successive hair cycles, and progressive follicular miniaturisation with conversion of terminal to vellus hair follicles (terminal hairs are thicker and longer, while vellus hairs are soft, fine, and short). The frontal hair line may or may not be preserved. Hair loss can have a serious psychological impact on women...
May 26, 2016: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27208614/sex-and-estrous-cycle-influence-diazepam-effects-on-anxiety-and-memory-possible-role-of-progesterone
#19
Anatildes Feitosa Silva, Diego Silveira Sousa, André Macêdo Medeiros, Priscila Tavares Macêdo, Anderson Henrique Leão, Alessandra Mussi Ribeiro, Geison Souza Izídio, Regina Helena Silva
Studies with rodents and humans show the relationship between female sex hormones and cognitive/emotional tasks. However, despite the greater incidence of anxiety disorders in women, the data are still inconclusive regarding the mechanisms related to this phenomenon. We evaluated the effects of a classical anxiolytic/amnestic drug (diazepam; DZP) on female (at different estrous cycle phases) and male rats tested in the plus-maze discriminative avoidance task (PMDAT), that allows the concomitant evaluation of memory and anxiety-like behavior...
October 3, 2016: Progress in Neuro-psychopharmacology & Biological Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27050696/side-effects-related-to-5-%C3%AE-reductase-inhibitor-treatment-of-hair-loss-in-women-a-review
#20
REVIEW
Lauren R Seale, Ariana N Eglini, Amy J McMichael
5 α-reductase inhibitors such as finasteride and dutasteride have been studied for the treatment of hair loss in men, with finasteride being the only Food and Drug Administration-approved treatment. Increasingly, in recent years, off-label use of these drugs has been employed in the treatment of female pattern hair loss (FPHL) and frontal fibrosing alopecia (FFA) in women. Side effects with 5 α-reductase inhibitors can include changes in sexual function, and recent publications have characterized an increasing prevalence of these in men...
April 2016: Journal of Drugs in Dermatology: JDD
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