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Anders Hammarberg, Caisa Öster, Christina Nehlin
INTRODUCTION: The Drinking Motives Questionnaire (DMQ) measures motives for alcohol consumption on four subscales. Coping with negative affect and enhancement of positive affect have been shown to be associated with high levels of alcohol consumption and alcohol-related problems. Few studies exist concerning drinking motives among treatment-seeking patients. The aims of the study were to investigate the factor structure of the shortened form of the revised DMQ (DMQ-R SF), map main drinking, explore group differences in motives due to sex, age, level of drinking problems and symptoms of depression/anxiety and to investigate whether different drinking motives predict alcohol-related problems in this group...
February 6, 2017: Journal of Addictive Diseases
Séverine Lannoy, Joël Billieux, Marie Poncin, Pierre Maurage
This study explored the involvement of two key psychological factors, drinking motives and impulsivity traits, in binge drinking. On the basis of a large screening phase (N=4424), 867 binge drinkers were selected and were first compared with 924 non-binge drinkers. Then, a cluster analysis was performed, focusing on the binge drinker sample, to explore the respective involvement of four drinking motives (DMQ-R model) and four impulsivity facets (UPPS model) in this habit. Centrally, the cluster analysis identified three clusters of binge drinkers presenting distinct psychological characteristics and alcohol consumption patterns: emotional, recreational, and hazardous binge drinkers...
January 26, 2017: Psychiatry Research
Christine Vinci, Claire A Spears, MacKenzie R Peltier, Amy L Copeland
Mindfulness is a multi-faceted construct, and research suggests that certain components (e.g., Acting with Awareness, Nonjudging) are associated with less problematic alcohol use. Recent research has examined whether specific drinking motives mediate the relationship between facets of mindfulness and alcohol use. The current study sought to extend this research by examining whether certain drinking motives would mediate the relationship between facets of mindfulness and problematic alcohol use in a sample of 207 college students classified as engaging in problematic drinking...
June 2016: Mindfulness
Laura Mezquita, Sherry H Stewart, Emmanuel Kuntsche, Valerie V Grant
This study aims to test the cross-cultural suitability of Modified Drinking Motives Questionnaire-Revised (M DMQ-R) (Grant, Stewart, O'Connor, Blackwell, & Conrod, 2007). The sample included 571 Spanish and 571 Canadian undergraduates between the ages of 18 and 22 (65.8% women). The confirmatory factor analysis demonstrated factorial invariance between samples. The regression analysis showed that social, enhancement and low conformity motives were related to drinking frequency and drinking quantity in the total sample...
June 14, 2016: Adicciones
Jessica L Martin, Joaquim Armando Ferreira, Richard F Haase, Jorge Martins, Mariana Coelho
The present study aimed to evaluate the invariance of the factor structure of the Drinking Motives Questionnaire Revised (DMQ-R) between Portuguese and US university students. Following tests of factor model invariance we further evaluated cross-cultural differences in (1) mean levels of the four motives, and (2) the association of the four motives with weekly drinking, peak drinking, and binge drinking among college students from the United States and Portugal. Participants were 983 undergraduate students (67% female) from the US (N=515) and Portugal (N=468)...
September 2016: Addictive Behaviors
Li Sun, Michael Windle, Nancy J Thompson
BACKGROUND: College drinking has become a significant health issue in China; the current study addressed the gap that no prior research has investigated drinking motives among Chinese undergraduate students. OBJECTIVES: This study aimed to replicate the four-factor structure of the Drinking Motives Questionnaire-Revised (DMQ-R) reported for Western populations. Additionally, the relationships between drinking motives and alcohol use were investigated. METHODS: In 2012, 436 participants (mean age = 20...
2015: Substance Use & Misuse
Hui G Cheng, Michael R Phillips, Yuhong Zhang, Zhizhong Wang
INTRODUCTION AND AIMS: The 20-item Drinking Motives Questionnaire-Revised (DMQ-R)-which assesses social, enhancement, coping and conformity-related motives for drinking-has not previously been used in China. The aim of this paper is to evaluate the psychometric properties of the DMQ-R in China. DESIGN AND METHODS: DMQ-R was administered to 612 current drinkers identified from a representative sample of 2425 non-institutionalised adults living in Ningxia Province, China; 44 of these current drinkers were re-administered the questionnaire an average of 2...
July 2016: Drug and Alcohol Review
Beáta Bőthe, István Tóth-Király, Gábor Orosz
OBJECTIVE: This study was aimed at investigating the links between online gaming and online pornography use by considering gender, problematic Internet use, and different motives for alcohol drinking. MATERIALS AND METHODS: University students (n=512; mean age=22.11 years; standard deviation=2.43 years; 64.06 percent women) filled in the Cyber Pornography Use Inventory, Hungarian version, the Problematic Online Gaming Questionnaire, Hungarian version (POGQ-HU), the Problematic Internet Use Questionnaire, Hungarian version (PIUQ-HU), and the Drinking Motive Questionnaire Revised Short Form, Hungarian version (DMQ-R-HU SF) questionnaires...
April 2015: Games for Health
Bryan G Messina, Andy Tseng, Christopher J Correia
INTRODUCTION: College student drinkers have the propensity to engage in heavy alcohol consumption. These consumption patterns can be problematic given the well-established relationship between heavy drinking and negative consequences of alcohol consumption. Though the research on college student drinking is abundant, much of the work conducted has been with Caucasian samples and less so with African American samples or at Historically Black Colleges and Universities (HBCUs). METHODS: The current paper assessed the internal reliability and concurrent validity of two popular measures of alcohol related negative consequences (CAPS-r and YAACQ) and a measure of drinking motives (DMQ-R) within a HBCU sample...
July 2015: Addictive Behaviors
Marcella L Woud, Eni S Becker, Mike Rinck, Elske Salemink
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Numerous studies have investigated drinking motives and alcohol-related interpretation biases (IBs) separately. However, less is known about the relationship between them. Therefore, the present study examined whether coping and enhancement drinking motives were specifically related to negative and positive alcohol-related IBs, respectively. Furthermore, it was investigated whether such biases predict future drinking, especially in individuals with low levels of executive control (EC)...
June 2015: Journal of Behavior Therapy and Experimental Psychiatry
Constanze Pinske, Monique Jaroschinsky, Sabine Linek, Ciarán L Kelly, Frank Sargent, R Gary Sawers
Escherichia coli uptake hydrogenase 2 (Hyd-2) catalyzes the reversible oxidation of H2 to protons and electrons. Hyd-2 synthesis is strongly upregulated during growth on glycerol or on glycerol-fumarate. Membrane-associated Hyd-2 is an unusual heterotetrameric [NiFe]-hydrogenase that lacks a typical cytochrome b membrane anchor subunit, which transfers electrons to the quinone pool. Instead, Hyd-2 has an additional electron transfer subunit, termed HybA, with four predicted iron-sulfur clusters. Here, we examined the physiological role of the HybA subunit...
January 2015: Journal of Bacteriology
Holly B Herberman Mash, Carol S Fullerton, Tsz Hin H Ng, Robert J Ursano
Reasons for alcohol consumption are often conceptualized as deriving from internal and external sources and positive and negative reinforcement. The revised Drinking Motives Questionnaire (DMQ-R) was developed to classify reasons or motives for alcohol use which are associated with different drinking patterns. The factor structure of a subset of DMQ-R items was examined using exploratory factor analysis on a U.S. Army sample, to assess whether the DMQ-R subscales represent drinking motives typically identified by military service members...
October 2014: Psychological Reports
Peter M Miller, Sarah W Book, Suzanne Thomas, Joshua P Smith, Patrick K Randall, Carrie L Randall
BACKGROUND: Drinking motives are thought to be important mediators of the relationship between social anxiety and alcohol use. This project evaluates whether specific drinking motives accurately reflect alcohol dependence. If so, brief questions about drinking motives could serve as valuable alcohol screening tools with socially anxious patients. METHODS: This investigation was a secondary analysis of an existing data set of 83 subjects with social anxiety disorder and at-risk alcohol use...
June 1, 2014: Journal of Substance Use
Emmanuel Kuntsche, Saoirse Nic Gabhainn, Chris Roberts, Béat Windlin, Alessio Vieno, Pernille Bendtsen, Anne Hublet, Jorma Tynjälä, Raili Välimaa, Zuzana Dankulincová, Katrin Aasvee, Zsolt Demetrovics, Judit Farkas, Winfried van der Sluijs, Margarida Gaspar de Matos, Joanna Mazur, Matthias Wicki
OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study was to test the structure and endorsement of drinking motives and their links to alcohol use among 11- to 19-year-olds from 13 European countries. METHOD: Confirmatory factor analysis, latent growth curves, and multiple regression models were conducted, based on a sample of 33,813 alcohol-using students from Belgium, Denmark, Estonia, Finland, Hungary, Ireland, Italy, Poland, Portugal, Scotland, Slovakia, Switzerland, and Wales who completed the Drinking Motives Questionnaire Revised Short Form (DMQ-R SF)...
May 2014: Journal of Studies on Alcohol and Drugs
Brooke J Arterberry, Matthew P Martens, Jennifer M Cadigan, Ashley E Smith
This study assessed the score reliability of the Drinking Motives Questionnaire-Revised (DMQ-R) via generalizability theory. Participants (n = 367 college students) completed the DMQ-R at three time points. Across subscale scores, persons, persons × occasions, and persons × items interactions accounted for meaningful variance. Findings illustrate advantages of generalizability theory-based techniques.
October 1, 2012: Addiction Research & Theory
Murray R Badger, Ulrich Schreiber
This paper examines the effect of inorganic carbon transport and accumulation in Synechococcus PCC7942 on fluorescence quenching, photosynthetic oxygen reduction and both linear and cyclic electron flow. The data presented support the previous findings of Miller et al. (1991) that the accumulation of Ci by the CO2 concentrating mechanism is able to stimulate oxygen photoreduction, particularly so when CO2 fixation is inhibited by PCR cycle inhibitors such as glycolaldehyde. This effect is found with both high and low-Ci grown cells, but the potential for oxygen photoreduction is about two-fold higher in low-Ci grown cells...
September 1993: Photosynthesis Research
Thomas M Piasecki, M Lynne Cooper, Phillip K Wood, Kenneth J Sher, Saul Shiffman, Andrew C Heath
Alcohol use can be understood as a strategic behavior, such that people choose to drink based on the anticipated affective changes produced by drinking relative to those produced by alternative behaviors. This study investigated whether people who report drinking for specific reasons via the Drinking Motives Questionnaire-Revised (DMQ-R; Cooper, 1994) actually experience the alcohol effects they purportedly seek. As a secondary goal, we examined relations between drinking motives and indices of the amount of alcohol consumed...
June 2014: Psychological Assessment
E E Burgess, B Turan, K L Lokken, A Morse, M M Boggiano
The purpose of this study was to validate a new scale designed to measure individual motives for eating tasty foods and determine if any specific motive(s) are associated with obesity. The "Palatable Eating Motives Scale" (PEMS) is a self-report measure adapted from the Drinking Motives Questionnaire Revised (DMQ-R). N=150 racially-diverse college students (mean age: 24.4, BMI: 16-51kg/m(2)) were administered the PEMS along with the Binge-Eating Scale (BES) and the Yale Food Addiction Scale (YFAS) to test for convergent and incremental validity and the Sensitivity to Punishment and Reward Questionnaire (SPSRQ) for discriminant validity...
January 2014: Appetite
Annette Majnemer, Keiko Shikako-Thomas, Lucy Lach, Michael Shevell, Mary Law, Norbert Schmitz
The aim of this study is to describe motivation in adolescents with cerebral palsy (CP) and factors associated with motivation level. The Dimensions of Mastery Questionnaire (DMQ) measures motivation in mastering challenging tasks and expressive elements. It was completed by 153 parents and 112 adolescents with CP. Adolescents (GMFCS in n=146 - I:50, II:43, III:13, IV:15, V:25) were assessed using the Leiter IQ and Gross Motor Function Measure. Parents completed the Vineland Adaptive Behavior Scale and the Strengths and Difficulties Questionnaire...
October 2013: Research in Developmental Disabilities
Rik Crutzen, Emmanuel Kuntsche
BACKGROUND: In the motivational model of alcohol use, there are two dimensions underlying the classification of drinking motives resulting in four drinking motive categories: enhancement, social, coping, and conformity motives. METHODS: Using confirmatory factor analysis, the current study provides evidence on the best fitting factor structure in a large representative general population study among adults in the Netherlands (n = 2,440; two data waves separated by 3 months) using the DMQ-R (Drinking Motives Questionnaire Revised)...
2013: European Addiction Research
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