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Christina Nehlin, Margareta Wennberg, Caisa Öster
BACKGROUND: Research has identified drinking motives as the final common pathway to alcohol use, and associations between specific drinking motives and drinking patterns have consistently been demonstrated. Data on drinking motives can be used for research, in the planning of prevention strategies and for treatment purposes. The Drinking Motives Questionnaire-Revised (DMQ-R) has become the most used measure of drinking motives. So far, the questionnaire has not been investigated with qualitative methods...
March 14, 2018: Addiction Science & Clinical Practice
A Chinneck, K Thompson, K S Dobson, H Stuart, M Teehan, S H Stewart
BACKGROUND: Rates of alcohol abuse are high on Canadian postsecondary campuses. Individual trait differences have been linked to indices of alcohol use/misuse, including neurotic traits like anxiety sensitivity (AS) and hopelessness (HOP). We know little, though, about how these traits confer vulnerability. AS and HOP are related to anxiety and depression, respectively, and to drinking to cope with symptoms of those disorders. Neurotic personality may therefore increase risk of alcohol use/abuse via (1) emotional disorder symptoms and/or (2) coping drinking motives...
February 2, 2018: Substance Use & Misuse
Cynthia D Mohr, Cameron T McCabe, Sarah N Haverly, Leslie B Hammer, Kathleen F Carlson
OBJECTIVE: Hazardous drinking in the armed forces is a significant problem. Alcohol use motivations, known risk factors for problem drinking, have been underexplored in this population. Our study extends knowledge about drinking motives among current and former U.S. service members and provides recommendations on their utility in identifying alcohol-related problems by examining the factor structure of multidimensional drinking motives and their association to alcohol use. METHOD: Post-9/11 separated service members and current reservists were recruited from 35 Oregon employers to participate in a workplace study of supervisor support...
January 2018: Journal of Studies on Alcohol and Drugs
Andrew Lac, Candice D Donaldson
INTRODUCTION: The Drinking Motives Questionnaire (DMQ-R) is the most widely administered instrument to assess reasons for consuming alcohol and is conventionally premised on a four-factor structure. Recent research instead reveals that a bifactor measurement model of five motive factors (one general and four specific) represents a superior psychometric embodiment of the scale. The current study evaluated and compared the predictive validity of the four-factor and five-factor models of drinking motives in longitudinally explaining alcohol use and problems...
December 1, 2017: Drug and Alcohol Dependence
Colin R Harbke, Jeff Laurent, Salvatore J Catanzaro
Cooper developed and provided initial support for the Drinking Motives Questionnaire-Revised (DMQ-R). More recently, Kuntsche and Kuntsche introduced the briefer DMQ-R SF. Psychometric properties of the DMQ-R and the DMQ-R SF were examined in samples of high school ( n = 131) and underage college student drinkers ( n = 189). The original and short-form versions of the DMQ-R were similar with regard to composite score validity, concurrent validity, and internal consistency. Only the Enhancement Motives subscale showed slight decrements in reliability and validity for the short form...
September 1, 2017: Assessment
Theda Radtke, Mathias Ostergaard, Richard Cooke, Urte Scholz
BACKGROUND: Web-based alcohol interventions are a promising way to reduce alcohol consumption because of their anonymity and the possibility of reaching a high numbers of individuals including heavy drinkers. However, Web-based interventions are often characterized by high rates of attrition. To date, very few studies have investigated whether individuals with higher alcohol consumption show higher attrition rates in Web-based alcohol interventions as compared with individuals with lower alcohol consumption...
June 28, 2017: Journal of Medical Internet Research
Hui G Cheng, Michael R Phillips, Yuhong Zhang, Zhizhong Wang
BACKGROUND: Drinking motives have been linked to alcohol consumption and drinking-related problems in western countries, but evidence about this relationship is largely lacking for Asian countries. We aim to assess the relationship between drinking motives and drinking-related outcomes in China, where alcohol use disorders are an increasingly important contributor to the overall burden of illness. METHODS: Validated Chinese versions of the Drinking Motives Questionnaire-Revised (DMQ-R) and the Alcohol Use Disorder Identification Test (AUDIT) were used to assess drinking motives and drinking-related outcomes among 612 current drinkers identified from a cross-sectional survey of a representative sample of 2425 adults living in Ningxia Province in 2013...
June 13, 2017: Addictive Behaviors
Sean P Mackinnon, Marie-Eve Couture, M L Cooper, Emmanuel Kuntsche, Roisin M O'Connor, Sherry H Stewart
INTRODUCTION AND AIMS: This study tested the measurement invariance of the Drinking Motives Questionnaire-Revised Short Form (DMQ-R-SF) in undergraduates across 10 countries. We expected the four-factor structure to hold across countries, and for social motives to emerge as the most commonly endorsed motive, followed by enhancement, coping and conformity motives. We also compared individualistic and collectivistic countries to examine potential differences in the endorsement of drinking motives when countries were divided according to this broad cultural value...
March 23, 2017: Drug and Alcohol Review
Anders Hammarberg, Caisa Öster, Christina Nehlin
The Drinking Motives Questionnaire measures motives for alcohol consumption on four subscales. Coping with negative affect and enhancement of positive affect have been shown to be associated with high levels of alcohol consumption and alcohol-related problems. Few studies exist concerning drinking motives among treatment-seeking patients. The aims of the study were to investigate the factor structure of the shortened-form of the revised Drinking Motives Questionnaire, map main drinking motives, explore group differences in motives due to sex, age, level of drinking problems, and symptoms of depression/anxiety and to investigate whether different drinking motives predict alcohol-related problems in this group...
April 2017: Journal of Addictive Diseases
Séverine Lannoy, Joël Billieux, Marie Poncin, Pierre Maurage
This study explored the involvement of two key psychological factors, drinking motives and impulsivity traits, in binge drinking. On the basis of a large screening phase (N=4424), 867 binge drinkers were selected and were first compared with 924 non-binge drinkers. Then, a cluster analysis was performed, focusing on the binge drinker sample, to explore the respective involvement of four drinking motives (DMQ-R model) and four impulsivity facets (UPPS model) in this habit. Centrally, the cluster analysis identified three clusters of binge drinkers presenting distinct psychological characteristics and alcohol consumption patterns: emotional, recreational, and hazardous binge drinkers...
April 2017: Psychiatry Research
Christine Vinci, Claire A Spears, MacKenzie R Peltier, Amy L Copeland
Mindfulness is a multi-faceted construct, and research suggests that certain components (e.g., Acting with Awareness, Nonjudging) are associated with less problematic alcohol use. Recent research has examined whether specific drinking motives mediate the relationship between facets of mindfulness and alcohol use. The current study sought to extend this research by examining whether certain drinking motives would mediate the relationship between facets of mindfulness and problematic alcohol use in a sample of 207 college students classified as engaging in problematic drinking...
June 2016: Mindfulness
Laura Mezquita, Sherry H Stewart, Emmanuel Kuntsche, Valerie V Grant
This study aims to test the cross-cultural suitability of Modified Drinking Motives Questionnaire-Revised (M DMQ-R) (Grant, Stewart, O'Connor, Blackwell, & Conrod, 2007). The sample included 571 Spanish and 571 Canadian undergraduates between the ages of 18 and 22 (65.8% women). The confirmatory factor analysis demonstrated factorial invariance between samples. The regression analysis showed that social, enhancement and low conformity motives were related to drinking frequency and drinking quantity in the total sample...
June 14, 2016: Adicciones
Jessica L Martin, Joaquim Armando Ferreira, Richard F Haase, Jorge Martins, Mariana Coelho
The present study aimed to evaluate the invariance of the factor structure of the Drinking Motives Questionnaire Revised (DMQ-R) between Portuguese and US university students. Following tests of factor model invariance we further evaluated cross-cultural differences in (1) mean levels of the four motives, and (2) the association of the four motives with weekly drinking, peak drinking, and binge drinking among college students from the United States and Portugal. Participants were 983 undergraduate students (67% female) from the US (N=515) and Portugal (N=468)...
September 2016: Addictive Behaviors
Li Sun, Michael Windle, Nancy J Thompson
BACKGROUND: College drinking has become a significant health issue in China; the current study addressed the gap that no prior research has investigated drinking motives among Chinese undergraduate students. OBJECTIVES: This study aimed to replicate the four-factor structure of the Drinking Motives Questionnaire-Revised (DMQ-R) reported for Western populations. Additionally, the relationships between drinking motives and alcohol use were investigated. METHODS: In 2012, 436 participants (mean age = 20...
2015: Substance Use & Misuse
Hui G Cheng, Michael R Phillips, Yuhong Zhang, Zhizhong Wang
INTRODUCTION AND AIMS: The 20-item Drinking Motives Questionnaire-Revised (DMQ-R)-which assesses social, enhancement, coping and conformity-related motives for drinking-has not previously been used in China. The aim of this paper is to evaluate the psychometric properties of the DMQ-R in China. DESIGN AND METHODS: DMQ-R was administered to 612 current drinkers identified from a representative sample of 2425 non-institutionalised adults living in Ningxia Province, China; 44 of these current drinkers were re-administered the questionnaire an average of 2...
July 2016: Drug and Alcohol Review
Beáta Bőthe, István Tóth-Király, Gábor Orosz
OBJECTIVE: This study was aimed at investigating the links between online gaming and online pornography use by considering gender, problematic Internet use, and different motives for alcohol drinking. MATERIALS AND METHODS: University students (n=512; mean age=22.11 years; standard deviation=2.43 years; 64.06 percent women) filled in the Cyber Pornography Use Inventory, Hungarian version, the Problematic Online Gaming Questionnaire, Hungarian version (POGQ-HU), the Problematic Internet Use Questionnaire, Hungarian version (PIUQ-HU), and the Drinking Motive Questionnaire Revised Short Form, Hungarian version (DMQ-R-HU SF) questionnaires...
April 2015: Games for Health
Bryan G Messina, Andy Tseng, Christopher J Correia
INTRODUCTION: College student drinkers have the propensity to engage in heavy alcohol consumption. These consumption patterns can be problematic given the well-established relationship between heavy drinking and negative consequences of alcohol consumption. Though the research on college student drinking is abundant, much of the work conducted has been with Caucasian samples and less so with African American samples or at Historically Black Colleges and Universities (HBCUs). METHODS: The current paper assessed the internal reliability and concurrent validity of two popular measures of alcohol related negative consequences (CAPS-r and YAACQ) and a measure of drinking motives (DMQ-R) within a HBCU sample...
July 2015: Addictive Behaviors
Marcella L Woud, Eni S Becker, Mike Rinck, Elske Salemink
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Numerous studies have investigated drinking motives and alcohol-related interpretation biases (IBs) separately. However, less is known about the relationship between them. Therefore, the present study examined whether coping and enhancement drinking motives were specifically related to negative and positive alcohol-related IBs, respectively. Furthermore, it was investigated whether such biases predict future drinking, especially in individuals with low levels of executive control (EC)...
June 2015: Journal of Behavior Therapy and Experimental Psychiatry
Constanze Pinske, Monique Jaroschinsky, Sabine Linek, Ciarán L Kelly, Frank Sargent, R Gary Sawers
Escherichia coli uptake hydrogenase 2 (Hyd-2) catalyzes the reversible oxidation of H2 to protons and electrons. Hyd-2 synthesis is strongly upregulated during growth on glycerol or on glycerol-fumarate. Membrane-associated Hyd-2 is an unusual heterotetrameric [NiFe]-hydrogenase that lacks a typical cytochrome b membrane anchor subunit, which transfers electrons to the quinone pool. Instead, Hyd-2 has an additional electron transfer subunit, termed HybA, with four predicted iron-sulfur clusters. Here, we examined the physiological role of the HybA subunit...
January 2015: Journal of Bacteriology
Holly B Herberman Mash, Carol S Fullerton, Tsz Hin H Ng, Robert J Ursano
Reasons for alcohol consumption are often conceptualized as deriving from internal and external sources and positive and negative reinforcement. The revised Drinking Motives Questionnaire (DMQ-R) was developed to classify reasons or motives for alcohol use which are associated with different drinking patterns. The factor structure of a subset of DMQ-R items was examined using exploratory factor analysis on a U.S. Army sample, to assess whether the DMQ-R subscales represent drinking motives typically identified by military service members...
October 2014: Psychological Reports
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