keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

Marijuana motives

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28223891/what-should-we-tell-our-patients-about-marijuana-cannabis-indica-and-cannabis-sativa
#1
EDITORIAL
Joseph Pizzorno
With several states allowing medicinal use of marijuana and a growing number decriminalizing recreational use, many of our patients are using this herbal drug. Approximately 43% of US adults have tried marijuana, with 13% using it regularly. These users are seeking help from integrative medicine practitioners regarding safety. They are looking for advice based on research and clinical experience, not politics or philosophical bias. The major health problems caused by marijuana appear to be bronchial irritation, decreased motivation, learning difficulties, and injuries...
December 2016: Integrative Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28206689/working-memory-ability-and-early-drug-use-progression-as-predictors-of-adolescent-substance-use-disorders
#2
Atika Khurana, Daniel Romer, Laura M Betancourt, Hallam Hurt
AIMS: To test a neurobehavioral model of adolescent substance use disorder (SUD) resulting from an imbalance between a hyperactive reward motivation system and a hypoactive executive control system. Specifically, we tested (1) if early weakness in working memory (WM) and associated imbalance indicators of acting-without-thinking (AWT) and delay discounting (DD) predict SUD in late adolescence, and (2) if early drug use progression mediates this relation. DESIGN: Five waves of longitudinal data collected annually from 2005-2010, with a final follow-up in 2012...
February 16, 2017: Addiction
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28127808/a-randomized-controlled-trial-of-brief-interventions-to-reduce-drug-use-among-adults-in-a-low-income-urban-emergency-department-the-healthier-you-study
#3
Frederic C Blow, Maureen A Walton, Amy S B Bohnert, Rosalinda V Ignacio, Stephen Chermack, Rebecca M Cunningham, Brenda M Booth, Mark Ilgen, Kristen L Barry
AIMS: To examine efficacy of drug brief interventions (BIs) among adults presenting to a low income urban emergency department (ED). DESIGN: Randomized controlled trial on drug use outcomes at 3-, 6-, and 12-months. Participants were assigned to 1) computer-delivered BI (Computer BI), 2) therapist-delivered, computer-guided BI (Therapist BI), or 3) enhanced usual care (EUC-ED) for drug-using adults. Participants were re-randomized after the 3-month assessment to either adapted motivational enhancement therapy (AMET) booster; or enhanced usual care booster (EUC-B)...
January 26, 2017: Addiction
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28111637/reasons-for-polytobacco-use-among-young-adults-scale-development-and-validation
#4
Carla J Berg, Regine Haardörfer, Gillian Schauer, Getachew Betelihem, Matthew Masters, Bennett McDonald, Jill Shah, Jackelyn Payne, Raina Sarmah, Matthew Thomas, Michael Windle
INTRODUCTION: Limited research has examined reasons for polytobacco use, an increasing public health problem, particularly among young adults. We examined reasons for polytobacco use among users of more than one tobacco product in the past 4 months enrolled in an ongoing six-wave longitudinal study of 3,418 students aged 18-25 from seven US colleges and universities. METHODS: An expert panel generated items related to reasons for polytobacco use, included in Wave 3 (administered in Summer 2015)...
July 2016: Tob Prev Cessat
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28110137/marijuana-protective-behavioral-strategies-as-a-moderator-of-the-effects-of-risk-protective-factors-on-marijuana-related-outcomes
#5
Adrian J Bravo, Amber M Anthenien, Mark A Prince, Matthew R Pearson
Given that both marijuana use and cannabis use disorder peak among college students, it is imperative to determine the factors that may reduce risk of problematic marijuana use and/or the development of cannabis use disorder. From a harm reduction perspective, the present study examined whether the use of marijuana protective behavioral strategies (PBS) buffers or amplifies the effects of several distinct risk and protective factors that have been shown to relate to marijuana-related outcomes (i.e., use frequency and consequences)...
January 8, 2017: Addictive Behaviors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28081515/distinguishing-subpopulations-of-marijuana-users-with-latent-profile-analysis
#6
Matthew R Pearson, Adrian J Bravo, Bradley T Conner
BACKGROUND: Although marijuana is the most commonly used illicit drug in the United States, little is known about the effects of typical marijuana use patterns and whether there are distinct subgroups of marijuana users. METHODS: The present study used latent profile analysis to determine the number of distinct subgroups of marijuana users in a large sample of college students (n=2129 past month marijuana users across 11 universities). We also examined how these distinct groups differ on several putative risk/protective factors (e...
November 23, 2016: Drug and Alcohol Dependence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28032801/blackouts-among-male-and-female-youth-seeking-emergency-department-care
#7
Diana M Voloshyna, Erin E Bonar, Rebecca M Cunningham, Mark A Ilgen, Frederic C Blow, Maureen A Walton
BACKGROUND: Alcohol-related blackouts are a common consequence of heavy drinking, and these blackouts pose risk for injury and other adverse health outcomes. OBJECTIVE: To examine the prevalence and correlates of blackouts among underage drinkers. METHODS: Youth (ages 14-20) presenting to a suburban Emergency Department (ED) completed screening surveys. Among those reporting past-year alcohol consumption, we examined past 3-month blackouts in relation to: background characteristics (e...
December 29, 2016: American Journal of Drug and Alcohol Abuse
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27924621/change-in-risk-perceptions-and-marijuana-and-cigarette-use-among-african-american-young-adult-females-in-an-hiv-prevention-intervention
#8
Sarah J Javier, Jasmine A Abrams, Melanie P Moore, Faye Z Belgrave
Cigarette smoking and marijuana use have been tied to increased risky sexual behaviors, which may exacerbate risk of HIV transmission and other STIs (sexually transmitted infections). Research suggests that change in general perceptions of risk is associated with change in non-domain-targeted behaviors. The goal of the current study was to determine whether change in general risk perceptions among African American college females enrolled in a culturally-tailored HIV prevention intervention would be associated with decreased cigarette and marijuana use over time...
December 6, 2016: Journal of Racial and Ethnic Health Disparities
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27918861/to-study-to-party-or-both-assessing-risk-factors-for-non-prescribed-stimulant-use-among-middle-and-high-school-students
#9
Kenneth S León, Daniel E Martínez
This study examines the risk factors predicting non-prescribed stimulant use (NPSU) among adolescents, with an emphasis on whether such factors are reflective of instrumental (e.g., studying) and/or recreational (e.g., partying) drug consumption settings. Using data from Monitoring the Future (2011), we employed a series of logistic regression models to establish predictors of 12-month self-reported Adderall or Ritalin use without a doctor's note among eighth and tenth graders. Whereas studies of college students have found NPSU to correlate with instrumental motives and productivity-related demands, we find no association between NPSU and indicators of academic strain for this younger sample...
January 2017: Journal of Psychoactive Drugs
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27889374/-consumption-of-cannabis-in-adolescents
#10
O Phan, I Obradovic, A Har
Over the past 10 years, the consumption of cannabis among adolescents has dramatically increased. Today, adolescent cannabis use is a major public health problem. Two forms of cannabis are commonly smoked: herb (marijuana) and resin. These forms have a high concentration of tetrahydrocannabinol, the active molecule of cannabis. Recent research has helped understand how the cannabinoid system works. This system combines specific receptors and specific molecules: the endocannabinoids. The effects of cannabis use are now well documented...
January 2017: Archives de Pédiatrie: Organe Officiel de la Sociéte Française de Pédiatrie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27886657/receipt-of-addiction-treatment-as-a-consequence-of-a-brief-intervention-for-drug-use-in-primary-care-a-randomized-trial
#11
Theresa W Kim, Judith Bernstein, Debbie M Cheng, Christine Lloyd-Travaglini, Jeffrey H Samet, Tibor P Palfai, Richard Saitz
BACKGROUND AND AIMS: Screening, brief intervention and 'referral to treatment' programs have been widely promoted as US federal policy. Little is known about the efficacy of the RT component (referral to treatment) of brief intervention for motivating patients with unhealthy drug use identified by screening to use addiction treatment. This study aimed to compare receipt of addiction treatment following two types of brief intervention for drug use vs a no-intervention control group among primary care patients screening positive for drug use...
November 25, 2016: Addiction
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27884725/endocannabinoid-system-in-sexual-motivational-processes-is-it-a-novel-therapeutic-horizon
#12
REVIEW
Renata Androvicova, Jiri Horacek, Tibor Stark, Filippo Drago, Vincenzo Micale
The endocannabinoid system (ECS), which is composed of the cannabinoid receptors types 1 and 2 (CB1 and CB2) for marijuana's psychoactive ingredient Δ(9)-tetrahydrocannabinol (Δ(9)-THC), the endogenous ligands (AEA and 2-AG) and the enzymatic systems involved in their biosynthesis and degradation, recently emerged as important modulator of emotional and non-emotional behaviors. For centuries, in addition to its recreational actions, several contradictory claims regarding the effects of Cannabis use in sexual functioning and behavior (e...
January 2017: Pharmacological Research: the Official Journal of the Italian Pharmacological Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27824781/practical-aspects-of-discussing-marijuana-in-a-new-era
#13
Sean R Lenoue, Narin Wongngamnit, Christian Thurstone
The use of marijuana for the treatment of medical conditions is a highly controversial topic. Misconceptions by both patients and providers concerning the safety of and evidence-based indications for marijuana can complicate treatment planning and outcomes. Maintaining skills such as motivational interviewing, providing evidence-based informed consent, and increasing access to care remain top priorities for providing quality patient care. The goal of this article is to offer guidance to clinical providers who are adapting to the changing realities of medical marijuana and legalized recreational marijuana...
November 2016: Journal of Psychiatric Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27776673/ready-or-not-findings-from-a-school-based-mi-intervention-for-adolescent-substance-use
#14
David G Stewart, Erin C Siebert, Virginia K Arlt, Claudine Moise-Campbell, Elizabeth Lehinger
We aimed to examine the impact of a school-based Motivational Interviewing (MI) intervention, Project READY, on reducing adolescent substance use. We randomly assigned students (N = 244) to receive the intervention immediately (READY First) or to be in a waitlist control group (WLC). Those in WLC received the intervention once those in READY First had completed the intervention. Our hypotheses were: (1) adolescents in READY First would make greater initial reductions in their alcohol and marijuana use compared to adolescents assigned to WLC, (2) adolescents in READY First would make greater initial reductions in their alcohol and marijuana-related consequences compared to adolescents assigned to WLC, and (3) upon completing treatment, adolescents assigned to WLC would yield substance-related outcomes comparable to their peers in the READY First group...
December 2016: Journal of Substance Abuse Treatment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27762569/augmenting-brief-interventions-for-adolescent-marijuana-users-the-impact-of-motivational-check-ins
#15
Denise D Walker, Robert S Stephens, Claire E Blevins, Kelsey E Banes, Lauren Matthews, Roger A Roffman
OBJECTIVE: Brief interventions for adolescent marijuana users offered in schools reach users who would not otherwise present for treatment. The current study builds on previous trials of a school-based, 2-session motivational enhancement therapy (MET) intervention by adding periodic, brief motivational check-ins to reinforce gains and bolster motivation. METHOD: Adolescent participants were randomly assigned to a motivational check-in (MCI; n = 128) or assessment-only check-in (ACI; n = 124) comparison condition...
November 2016: Journal of Consulting and Clinical Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27721646/informed-assent-recall-among-adolescents-in-substance-use-disorder-treatment-research
#16
Jordan P Davis, Emily A Lux, Douglas C Smith, Leah Cleeland
: Evidence suggests that vulnerable populations such as substance users, those involved in the criminal justice system, and those with cognitive deficits often fail to recall information regarding the informed assent process. This study investigated correlates of assent quiz errors (AQE) among adolescents enrolling in a substance use disorder treatment study. METHOD: Adolescents (age 13-19) entering substance use treatment completed a standard informed consent procedure to participate in a longitudinal research study, followed by a brief 6-item assent quiz...
2016: Journal of Child & Adolescent Substance Abuse
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27713906/the-role-of-substance-use-motives-in-the-associations-between-minority-stressors-and-substance-use-problems-among-young-men-who-have-sex-with-men
#17
Brian A Feinstein, Michael E Newcomb
Young men who have sex with men (YMSM) report higher rates of substance use than their heterosexual peers and minority stress has been posited as a risk factor for substance use. The associations between specific types of minority stress and substance use have been inconsistent throughout the literature and few studies have examined mechanisms underlying these associations. Drawing on minority stress theory and the motivational model of alcohol use, we propose that one mechanism underlying these associations may be people's motivations for using substances, including using substances to cope with negative emotions and to enhance pleasure...
September 2016: Psychology of Sexual Orientation and Gender Diversity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27681583/patterns-of-use-acute-subjective-experiences-and-motivations-for-using-synthetic-cathinones-bath-salts-in-recreational-users
#18
Lisham Ashrafioun, Francis A Bonadio, Kyoung Deok Baik, Stacey L Bradbury, Victoria L Carhart, Nicole A Cross, Alan K Davis, Margaret Feuille, Anna R Harper, Jennifer H Lackey, Brent Lang, Kirstin J Lauritsen, Jaclyn Leith, Lawrence A Osborn, Harold Rosenberg, Jacob Stock, Mariya Zaturenskaya
Given the variety and potential toxicity of synthetic cathinones, clinicians and educators would benefit from information about patterns of and motivations for use, frequency of psychosocial consequences, and experience of acute subjective effects. We administered a comprehensive, web-based survey to 104 recreational users of synthetic cathinones. Sixty percent of respondents consumed synthetic cathinones once or more per month, usually snorting or swallowing these drugs, typically at home, usually with others, customarily during the evening and nighttime hours, and often in combination with another drug such as alcohol or marijuana...
November 2016: Journal of Psychoactive Drugs
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27612982/anxiety-symptoms-and-coping-motives-examining-a-potential-path-to-substance-use-related-problems-in-adolescents-with-psychopathic-traits
#19
Christopher T A Gillen, Christopher T Barry, Lovina R Bater
BACKGROUND: Although the relation between impulsive-irresponsible psychopathic traits and substance use is well-documented, the path to developing substance use problems is less understood in adolescents with these characteristics. OBJECTIVES: To examine the associations between psychopathy, anxiety, and substance use motives and a mechanism by which anxiety and alcohol and marijuana coping motives mediate the relation between psychopathic traits and substance use-related problems...
December 5, 2016: Substance Use & Misuse
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27543835/contribution-of-health-motive-to-cannabis-use-among-high-school-students
#20
Henri Chabrol, Charline Beck, Stéphanie Laconi
The Marijuana Motives Measure (MMM), which is derived from a scale measuring alcohol use motives, has been the main instrument used to explore the role of motives in cannabis use and related problems. Two studies attempted to developed specific cannabis use motives but none of them showed a unique association to cannabis use and problems when controlling for MMM motives. The aim of our study was to examine if additional motives contributed to problematic use beyond MMM motives and psychopathological symptoms...
January 2017: Addictive Behaviors
keyword
keyword
28328
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"