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Marijuana motives

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29136643/controversy-matters-impacts-of-topic-and-solution-controversy-on-the-perceived-credibility-of-a-scientist-who-advocates
#1
Lindsey Beall, Teresa A Myers, John E Kotcher, Emily K Vraga, Edward W Maibach
In this article, we focus on the potential influence of a scientist's advocacy position on the public's perceived credibility of scientists as a whole. Further, we examine how the scientist's solution position (information only, non-controversial, and controversial) affects the public's perception of the scientist's motivation for sharing information about specific issues (flu, marijuana, climate change, severe weather). Finally, we assess how perceived motivations mediate the relationship between solution position and credibility...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29134053/motivational-antecedents-of-well-being-and-health-related-behaviors-in-adolescents
#2
Isabel Balaguer, Joan L Duda, Isabel Castillo
Grounded in the Achievement Goal Theory framework of motivation and optimal functioning, there were two objectives of this study: (a) to test a model hypothesizing links between personal theories of school achievement, indices of the quality of academic engagement, wellbeing, and health-related behaviors, and (b) to explore whether the hypothesized model was invariant across gender groups. A multisection questionnaire pack tapping the targeted variables was administered to 967 teenagers (475 boys and 492 girls) aged between 11 to 16 years old...
October 2017: Journal of Human Kinetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29125218/marijuana-use-and-associated-motives-in-colorado-university-students
#3
Kristina T Phillips, Trent L Lalonde, Michael M Phillips, Maryia M Schneider
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Marijuana is the most commonly used illicit drug among college students, with heavy use leading to negative outcomes. Use of marijuana for medical and recreational purposes in select U.S. states has been controversial, with concerns surrounding increased prevalence rates and harm. The current exploratory study aimed to assess marijuana use in college students in Colorado, demographic differences in frequency of use, and motives for using. METHODS: College students (N = 300; 61% female) were recruited through introductory psychology courses and completed a series of questionnaires and a marijuana urine screen...
November 10, 2017: American Journal on Addictions
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29090967/the-qualitative-interview-study-of-persistent-and-nonpersistent-substance-use-in-the-mta-sample-characteristics-frequent-use-and-reasons-for-use
#4
James M Swanson, Timothy Wigal, Peter S Jensen, John T Mitchell, Thomas S Weisner, Desiree Murray, L Eugene Arnold, Lily Hechtman, Brooke S G Molina, Elizabeth B Owens, Stephen P Hinshaw, Katherine Belendiuk, Andrea Howard, Sharon B Wigal, Page Sorensen, Annamarie Stehli
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate participants' perceptions about frequent use and reasons for substance use (SU) in the qualitative interview study, an add-on to the multimodal treatment study of ADHD (MTA). METHOD: Using the longitudinal MTA database, 39 ADHD cases and 19 peers with Persistent SU, and 86 ADHD cases and 39 peers without Persistent SU were identified and recruited. In adulthood, an open-ended interview was administered, and SU excerpts were indexed and classified to create subtopics (frequent use and reasons for use of alcohol, marijuana, and other drugs)...
October 1, 2017: Journal of Attention Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29064160/marijuana-commercialization-and-adolescent-substance-treatment-outcomes-in-colorado
#5
Sean R LeNoue, Stacy Salomonsen-Sautel, Sung-Joon Min, Christian Thurstone
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: In Colorado, marijuana was legalized for medical use in 2000, commercialized in 2009, and approved for recreational purposes in 2012. Little is known about the association between recent policy changes and adolescent substance treatment outcomes measured by urine drug screens (UDS). This study addressed this research gap. METHODS: Participants were youth (N = 523) aged 11-19 years who were enrolled in an outpatient motivational interviewing (MI)/cognitive behavioral therapy (CBT) plus contingency management (CM) in Denver, Colorado from October 2007 to June 2014...
October 24, 2017: American Journal on Addictions
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29019813/contemporary-policies-regarding-alcohol-and-marijuana-use-among-liver-transplant-programs-in-the-united-states
#6
Jiaming Zhu, Ping-Yu Chen, Marla Frankel, Robert R Selby, Tse-Ling Fong
BACKGROUND: Alcoholic liver disease is a common indication for liver transplantation (OLT). Although OLT has been shown to confer survival benefit to patients with acute alcoholic hepatitis (AAH), historically most programs require a 6-month abstinence period prior to OLT which excludes patients with AAH. Marijuana has become legal in more than half the states in the United States. This survey of liver transplant programs was conducted to evaluate current policies regarding alcohol, marijuana and methadone use...
October 10, 2017: Transplantation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28981379/a-pilot-randomized-controlled-trial-of-a-computer-delivered-brief-intervention-for-substance-use-and-risky-sex-during-pregnancy
#7
Golfo Tzilos Wernette, Melissa Plegue, Christopher W Kahler, Ananda Sen, Caron Zlotnick
BACKGROUND: Sexually transmitted infections (STIs) are an increasingly critical and costly health problem for American childbearing women. Pregnant women who misuse substances are more likely to engage in risky sexual behavior that leads to STIs. Substance use and risky sex during pregnancy are both associated with numerous negative consequences for the woman and the developing fetus. STUDY DESIGN: A two-group, randomized controlled trial. PARTICIPANTS: Recruitment of 50 pregnant women (30% Latina; 24...
October 5, 2017: Journal of Women's Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28945457/preferences-for-medical-marijuana-over-prescription-medications-among-persons-living-with-chronic-conditions-alternative-complementary-and-tapering-uses
#8
Douglas Bruce, John P Brady, Elissa Foster, Mona Shattell
OBJECTIVES: Despite expanded legalization and utilization of medical cannabis (MC) internationally, there is a lack of patient-centered data on how MC is used by persons living with chronic conditions in tandem with or instead of prescription medications. This study describes approaches to use of MC vis-à-vis prescription medications in the treatment of selected chronic conditions. DESIGN: Participants completed semistructured telephone interviews with open-ended questions...
September 25, 2017: Journal of Alternative and Complementary Medicine: Research on Paradigm, Practice, and Policy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28942289/polysubstance-use-by-psychiatry-inpatients-with-co-occurring-mental-health-and-substance-use-disorders
#9
Christine Timko, Mark Ilgen, Marie Haverfield, Alexandra Shelley, Jessica Y Breland
BACKGROUND: Polysubstance use, the consumption of more than one substance over a defined period, is common and associated with psychiatric problems and poor treatment adherence and outcomes. This study examined past-month polysubstance use at intake among psychiatry inpatients with co-occurring mental health and substance use disorders, and outcomes 3 months later. METHODS: Participants (n=406 psychiatry inpatients with documented mental health and substance use disorders) completed a baseline and a 3-month follow-up (84%) interview...
September 15, 2017: Drug and Alcohol Dependence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28942288/differences-in-behavioral-health-disorders-and-unmet-treatment-needs-between-medical-marijuana-users-and-recreational-marijuana-users-results-from-a-national-adult-sample
#10
Ji-Yeun Park, Li-Tzy Wu
BACKGROUND: Available data suggest that medical marijuana users may have more mental health problems than recreational marijuana users. There is limited information about differences in behavioral health disorders and unmet treatment needs between medical and recreational marijuana users. METHODS: We compared past-year prevalence of behavioral health disorders and unmet treatment needs across three marijuana subgroups (recreational use only, medical use only, and both)...
November 1, 2017: Drug and Alcohol Dependence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28915500/motives-for-simultaneous-alcohol-and-marijuana-use-among-young-adults
#11
Megan E Patrick, Anne M Fairlie, Christine M Lee
The majority of young adults who use alcohol and marijuana sometimes use the two substances simultaneously. Understanding why young adults engage in simultaneous alcohol and marijuana (SAM) use may inform interventions and help offset negative consequences. To date, research has not yet examined motives for SAM use. The current study tested a 26-item measure of motives for SAM use in a community sample of young adults to identify the factor structure and to evaluate associations of subscales of SAM motives with alcohol and marijuana motives and substance use...
January 2018: Addictive Behaviors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28898308/-the-treatment-of-cannabis-dependence-clinical-work-psychotherapy-and-evidence
#12
José Capece, Federico Pavlovsky
Identifying compulsive consumption of marijuana in association with another mental disorder (attentional defcit disorder, bipolar disorder, depression or psychosis) presents the challenge of clarifying validated therapeutic strategies, especially within the teen population, in which it shows the highest prevalence. The ever-increasing prevalence and the need for regional treatments, demand that we approach this health matter as a public health issue. The ideological con?icts related to the necessary decriminalization of consumption and the current debate on the medical use of marijuana often confuse the urgent need to establish effective therapeutic strategies for the population affected by this mental disorder...
November 2016: Vertex: Revista Argentina de Psiquiatriá
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28865169/a-developmental-based-motivational-intervention-to-reduce-alcohol-and-marijuana-use-among-non-treatment-seeking-young-adults-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#13
Michael D Stein, Celeste M Caviness, Emily F Morse, Kristin R Grimone, Daniel Audet, Debra S Herman, Ethan Moitra, Bradley J Anderson
AIMS: To test the hypothesis that among non-treatment-seeking emerging adults (EA) who both use marijuana and have alcohol binges, a brief, longitudinally-delivered, developmentally-based motivational intervention would show greater reductions in the use of these two substances compared with a health education control condition. DESIGN: Parallel, two group, randomized controlled trial with follow-up interventions conducted at 1, 3, 6, and 9 months and final assessments at 12 and 15 months...
September 2, 2017: Addiction
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28820970/utility-of-the-comprehensive-marijuana-motives-questionnaire-among-medical-cannabis-patients
#14
Kipling M Bohnert, Erin E Bonar, J Todd Arnedt, Deirdre A Conroy, Maureen A Walton, Mark A Ilgen
BACKGROUND: Little is known about motives for cannabis use among the population of adults using cannabis medically. Therefore, we evaluated the performance of the 12 factor, 36-item Comprehensive Marijuana Motives Questionnaire (CMMQ) among a sample of medical cannabis patients. METHODS: Study participants were adults ages 21years or older with scheduled appointments to obtain new or renewed medical cannabis certification from clinics in one Midwestern state (n=1116)...
August 3, 2017: Addictive Behaviors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28797270/implementing-the-teen-marijuana-check-up-in-schools-a-study-protocol
#15
Bryan Hartzler, Aaron R Lyon, Denise D Walker, Lauren Matthews, Kevin M King, Kathryn E McCollister
BACKGROUND: Substance misuse is now encountered in settings beyond addiction specialty care, with schools a point-of-contact for student access to behavioral health services. Marijuana is a leading impetus for adolescent treatment admissions despite declining risk perception, for which the Teen Marijuana Check-Up (TMCU)-a tailored adaptation of motivational enhancement therapy-offers an efficacious service option. To bridge the knowledge gap concerning effective and affordable technical assistance strategies for implementing empirically supported services, the described trial will test such a strategy to facilitate school-based TMCU implementation...
August 10, 2017: Implementation Science: IS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28792283/reasons-for-marijuana-and-tobacco-co-use-among-young-adults-a-mixed-methods-scale-development-study
#16
Carla J Berg, Jackelyn Payne, Lisa Henriksen, Patricia Cavazos-Rehg, Betelihem Getachew, Gillian L Schauer, Regine Haardörfer
BACKGROUND: Marijuana-tobacco co-use has increased recently, particularly in young adults. OBJECTIVES: We conducted a mixed-methods study to: (1) examine reasons for co-use; and (2) develop a scale assessing reasons for co-use among participants in a longitudinal cohort study of 3,418 students aged 18-25 from 7 Georgia colleges and universities. METHODS: Phone-based semi-structured interviews were conducted in Summer 2015 among 46 current (past 30-day, n = 26) or lifetime (n = 20) marijuana users...
August 9, 2017: Substance Use & Misuse
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28777692/marijuana-use-and-driving-under-the-influence-among-young-adults-a-socioecological-perspective-on-risk-factors
#17
Carla J Berg, Carmen N Daniel, Milkie Vu, Jingjing Li, Kathleen Martin, Lana Le
BACKGROUND: Given increases in marijuana use and driving under the influence (DUI), it is critical to identify those at risk in order to inform intervention efforts. OBJECTIVES: We used a socioecological framework to examine correlates of level of marijuana use and DUI in the past month among young adult marijuana users. METHODS: We recruited 1567 participants aged 18-34 years via Facebook ads targeting tobacco and marijuana users in August 2014 to complete an online survey assessing marijuana use and DUI, as well as related multilevel factors...
August 4, 2017: Substance Use & Misuse
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28735038/perceived-academic-benefit-is-associated-with-nonmedical-prescription-stimulant-use-among-college-students
#18
Amelia M Arria, Irene M Geisner, M Dolores Cimini, Jason R Kilmer, Kimberly M Caldeira, Angelica L Barrall, Kathryn B Vincent, Nicole Fossos-Wong, Jih-Cheng Yeh, Isaac Rhew, Christine M Lee, Geetha A Subramaniam, David Liu, Mary E Larimer
INTRODUCTION: College students are at higher than average risk for nonmedical use of prescription stimulants (NPS). A commonly identified motive among students who engage in NPS is to improve grades. Several research studies have observed that NPS most likely does not confer an academic advantage, and is associated with excessive drinking and other drug use. This study documents the proportion of the general college student population who believe that NPS will lead to improvements in academic performance...
January 2018: Addictive Behaviors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28732317/cross-lagged-relations-between-motives-and-substance-use-can-use-strengthen-your-motivation-over-time
#19
Christine A Lee, Karen J Derefinko, Heather A Davis, Richard Milich, Donald R Lynam
Motives for substance use have garnered considerable attention due to the strong predictive utility of this construct, both in terms of use and problems associated with use. The current study examined the cross-lagged relations between alcohol use and motives, and marijuana use and motives over three yearly assessment periods in a large sample (N=526, 48% male) of college students. The relations between substance use and motives were assessed at each time point, allowing for the examination of these inter-relations over time...
September 1, 2017: Drug and Alcohol Dependence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28729199/violent-firearm-related-conflicts-among-high-risk-youth-an-event-level-and-daily-calendar-analysis
#20
Patrick M Carter, Maureen A Walton, Jason Goldstick, Quyen M Epstein-Ngo, Marc A Zimmerman, Melissa C Mercado, Amanda Garcia Williams, Rebecca M Cunningham
Firearm homicide is the leading cause of violence-related youth mortality. To inform prevention efforts, we analyzed event-level data to identify unique precursors to firearm conflicts. Youth (ages:14-24) seeking Emergency Department (ED) treatment for assault or for other reasons and reporting past 6-month drug use were enrolled in a 2-year longitudinal study. Time-line follow-back substance use/aggression modules were administered at baseline and each 6-month follow-up. Violent non-partner conflicts were combined across time-points...
September 2017: Preventive Medicine
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