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Marijuana motives

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29750410/perceptions-and-beliefs-motivating-parental-discussions-of-marijuana-use-with-children
#1
Tenie Khachikian, Linda D Cameron
Background: Parents can influence their children's use of marijuana and other substances through targeted parent-child discussions. Little is known about what factors motivate parents' decisions to discuss marijuana use with their children. Purpose: Guided by an elaborated prototype-willingness model, we tested hypotheses that: (a) parental perceived risk of harms and negative prototypes of youth who use marijuana positively predict worry about their child using marijuana; (b) higher perceived risk and worry predict higher intentions to discuss marijuana use with one's child; (c) negative prototypes and worry positively predict willingness to have discussions; and (d) higher intentions and willingness predicts having discussions...
May 10, 2018: Annals of Behavioral Medicine: a Publication of the Society of Behavioral Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29745700/heavy-marijuana-use-but-not-deprivation-is-associated-with-increased-stressor-reactivity
#2
Kathryn R Hefner, Mark J Starr, John J Curtin
Although stressors appear to motivate marijuana use, and marijuana use, in turn, is believed to induce stress system neuroadaptations, relatively little empirical work has explicitly tested for stress neuroadaptations associated with heavy marijuana use. We examined stressor reactivity to threat of unpredictable electric shock via startle potentiation among heavy marijuana users and a control group that reported minimal history of marijuana use. Heavy marijuana users were randomly assigned to 3 days of marijuana deprivation or no deprivation...
May 2018: Journal of Abnormal Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29732383/why-do-young-people-consume-marijuana-extending-motivational-theory-via-the-dualistic-model-of-passion
#3
Alan K Davis, Brooke J Arterberry, Erin E Bonar, Kipling M Bohnert, Maureen A Walton
We evaluated an extended model of motivation for consuming marijuana by combining motivational theory and the dualistic model of passion. An online sample of 524 young, frequent marijuana consumers (Mage = 24; 88% male; Mpast-30-days =21; Mode=31; 50% used 25-31 days) self-administered several questionnaires including the Marijuana-Harmonious and Obsessive Passion Scale and the Marijuana Motives Measure. Intercorrelations among the obsessive and harmonious passion and motives subscales were small-to-medium...
March 2018: Translational Issues in Psychological Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29727251/need-for-affect-and-attitudes-toward-drugs-the-mediating-role-of-values
#4
Gabriel Lins de Holanda Coelho, Paul H P Hanel, Roosevelt Vilar, Renan P Monteiro, Valdiney V Gouveia, Gregory R Maio
Human values and affective traits were found to predict attitudes toward the use of different types of drugs (e.g., alcohol, marijuana, and other illegal drugs). In this study (N = 196, Mage = 23.09), we aimed to gain a more comprehensive understanding of those predictors of attitudes toward drug use in a mediated structural equation model, providing a better overview of a possible motivational path that drives to such a risky behavior. Specifically, we predicted and found that the relations between need for affect and attitudes toward drug use were mediated by excitement values...
May 4, 2018: Substance Use & Misuse
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29704162/a-comparison-of-motivations-for-marijuana-use-in-hiv-positive-and-hiv-negative-adults
#5
Sheri L Towe, Olivia E Horton, Bianca Martin, Christina S Meade
While medicinal marijuana use is common among persons with HIV, it is not known whether persons with HIV are more motivated to use marijuana medically compared to HIV-negative counterparts. This study examined motivations for marijuana use in a sample of 94 HIV+ and HIV- adults. Participants used marijuana 21.27 days in the last 30 days on average. HIV+ participants reported using marijuana for medical reasons more often than HIV- participants, but HIV+ and HIV- participants did not differ in other domains...
April 27, 2018: AIDS and Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29686308/unique-treatment-potential-of-cannabidiol-for-the-prevention-of-relapse-to-drug-use-preclinical-proof-of-principle
#6
Gustavo Gonzalez-Cuevas, Remi Martin-Fardon, Tony M Kerr, David G Stouffer, Loren H Parsons, Dana C Hammell, Stan L Banks, Audra L Stinchcomb, Friedbert Weiss
Cannabidiol (CBD), the major non-psychoactive constituent of Cannabis sativa, has received attention for therapeutic potential in treating neurologic and psychiatric disorders. Recently, CBD has also been explored for potential in treating drug addiction. Substance use disorders are chronically relapsing conditions and relapse risk persists for multiple reasons including craving induced by drug contexts, susceptibility to stress, elevated anxiety, and impaired impulse control. Here, we evaluated the "anti-relapse" potential of a transdermal CBD preparation in animal models of drug seeking, anxiety and impulsivity...
March 22, 2018: Neuropsychopharmacology: Official Publication of the American College of Neuropsychopharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29673723/marijuana-use-by-adolescents-and-young-adults-with-inflammatory-bowel-disease
#7
Edward J Hoffenberg, Shannon K McWilliams, Susan K Mikulich-Gilbertson, Brittany V Murphy, Megan Lagueux, Kristen Robbins, Analice S Hoffenberg, Edwin de Zoeten, Christian J Hopfer
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate marijuana use by adolescents and young adults with inflammatory bowel disease (IBD). STUDY DESIGN: This descriptive cross-sectional study of patients seen between December 2015 through June 2017 at Children's Hospital Colorado for IBD enrolled patients 13-23 years of age, independent of marijuana use status. Information obtained consisted of chart review, electronic and interview self-report, and serum cannabinoid levels. Marijuana ever-users were compared with never-users for clinical characteristics and perceptions of risk with use; users provided information on routes, patterns, motivations, and perceived benefits and problems with use...
April 16, 2018: Journal of Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29660593/factors-associated-with-hazardous-alcohol-use-and-motivation-to-reduce-drinking-among-hiv-primary-care-patients-baseline-findings-from-the-health-motivation-study
#8
Michael J Silverberg, Wendy A Leyden, Amy Leibowitz, C Bradley Hare, Hannah J Jang, Stacy Sterling, Sheryl L Catz, Sujaya Parthasarathy, Michael A Horberg, Derek D Satre
BACKGROUND: Limited primary care-based research has examined hazardous drinking risk factors and motivation to reduce use in persons with HIV (PWH). METHODS: We computed prevalence ratios (PR) for factors associated with recent (<30 days) hazardous alcohol use (i.e., 4+/5+ drinks in a single day for women/men), elevated Alcohol Use Disorders Identification Test (AUDIT) scores, and importance and confidence (1-10 Likert scales) to reduce drinking among PWH in primary care...
March 31, 2018: Addictive Behaviors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29622527/epic-allies-a-gamified-mobile-phone-app-to-improve-engagement-in-care-antiretroviral-uptake-and-adherence-among-young-men-who-have-sex-with-men-and-young-transgender-women-who-have-sex-with-men-protocol-for-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#9
Sara LeGrand, Kathryn E Muessig, Alyssa Platt, Karina Soni, Joseph R Egger, Nkechinyere Nwoko, Tobias McNulty, Lisa B Hightow-Weidman
BACKGROUND: In the United States, young men who have sex with men (YMSM) and transgender women who have sex with men (YTWSM) bear a disproportionate burden of prevalent and incident HIV infections. Once diagnosed, many YMSM and YTWSM struggle to engage in HIV care, adhere to antiretroviral therapy (ART), and achieve viral suppression. Computer-based interventions, including those focused on behavior change, are recognized as effective tools for engaging youth. OBJECTIVE: The purpose of the study described in this protocol is to evaluate the efficacy of Epic Allies, a theory-based mobile phone app that utilizes game mechanics and social networking features to improve engagement in HIV care, ART uptake, ART adherence, and viral suppression among HIV-positive YMSM and YTWSM...
April 5, 2018: JMIR Research Protocols
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29589798/a-latent-class-analysis-of-substance-use-and-culture-among-gay-bisexual-and-other-men-who-have-sex-with-men
#10
Kiffer G Card, Heather L Armstrong, Allison Carter, Zishan Cui, Lu Wang, Julia Zhu, Nathan J Lachowsky, David M Moore, Robert S Hogg, Eric A Roth
Assessments of gay and bisexual men's substance use often obscures salient sociocultural and identity-related experiences related to how they use drugs. Latent class analysis was used to examine how patterns of substance use represent the social, economic and identity-related experiences of this population. Participants were sexually active gay and bisexual men (including other men who have sex with men), aged ≥ 16 years, living in Metro Vancouver (n = 774). LCA indicators included all substances used in the past six months self-reported by more than 30 men...
March 28, 2018: Culture, Health & Sexuality
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29489073/cannabis-withdrawal-in-adults-with-attention-deficit-hyperactivity-disorder
#11
Emeline Chauchard, Karen J Hartwell, Aimee L McRae-Clark, Brian J Sherman, David A Gorelick
Objective: Cannabis withdrawal has not been studied in adults with attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) who have high rates of cannabis use. We aimed to describe cannabis withdrawal, motivations to quit, and strategies to quit cannabis use in cannabis-dependent adults with ADHD. Methods: Twenty-three adults with ADHD enrolled in a controlled clinical trial of pharmacotherapy (atomoxetine) for cannabis dependence (DSM-IV criteria) completed the Marijuana Quit Questionnaire (MJQQ) to provide information on their "most serious" quit attempt made without formal treatment...
February 22, 2018: Primary Care Companion to CNS Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29425481/preliminary-investigation-of-a-videogame-prototype-for-cigarette-and-marijuana-prevention-in-adolescents
#12
Lindsay R Duncan, Kimberly D Hieftje, Tyra M Pendergrass, Benjamin G Sawyer, Lynn E Fiellin
BACKGROUND: Videogames are becoming increasingly popular to deliver health interventions; however, their role in the primary prevention of cigarette and marijuana use has not yet been evaluated. The purpose of this study was to conduct a preliminary test of the efficacy of a role-playing videogame prototype, smokeSCREEN, aimed at developing knowledge and behavioral skills associated with primary prevention of cigarette and marijuana use. The authors also explored participants' gameplay experience...
February 9, 2018: Substance Abuse
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29413433/factors-associated-with-sedative-use-and-misuse-among-heroin-users
#13
Tabitha E H Moses, Leslie H Lundahl, Mark K Greenwald
BACKGROUND: Rates of both opioid and sedative use and misuse are rising. Comorbid opioid and sedative use is associated with especially severe consequences (e.g., overdose and poor health outcomes). Heroin users report multiple motivations for sedative use, including self-medication. We aimed to understand differences in lifetime substance use characteristics between heroin users with different sedative use histories. METHODS: Substance use data were collected from 385 non-treatment seeking heroin users...
April 1, 2018: Drug and Alcohol Dependence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29353298/development-and-validation-of-the-marijuana-motives-measure-short-form
#14
Laura Mezquita, Lucía Ruiz-Valero, Naiara Martínez-Gómez, Manuel I Ibáñez, Generós Ortet
Marijuana motives are a proximal variable to marijuana use. This research aimed to adapt and validate the short form of the Marijuana Motives Measure (MMM; Simons, Correia, Carey, y Borsari, 1998), the MMM SF, in Spanish.&nbsp; The sample comprised 232 participants (mean age = 25.11 (7.58), 50.43% males) who had tried marijuana at least once in their lifetime. Item and Rasch analyses were performed to choose the final pool of 15 items. Confirmatory Factor Analysis (CFA) showed an adequate 5-factor structure (S-BX2(80) = 121...
January 15, 2018: Adicciones
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29317146/momentary-factors-during-marijuana-use-as-predictors-of-lapse-during-attempted-abstinence-in-young-adults
#15
Lydia A Shrier, Vishnudas Sarda, Cassandra Jonestrask, Sion Kim Harris
INTRODUCTION: Young adults using marijuana heavily often try multiple times to quit on their own. We sought to identify momentary experiences during marijuana use that could aid in predicting lapse when young adults subsequently attempt abstinence. METHODS: Young adults (N=34) age 18-25 using marijuana ≥5days/week and planning to quit completed a survey of sociodemographic characteristics, substance use, marijuana expectancies, use motives, perceived social support, and confidence to abstain...
December 29, 2017: Addictive Behaviors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29251846/neurobiology-of-substance-use-in-adolescents-and-potential-therapeutic-effects-of-exercise-for-prevention-and-treatment-of-substance-use-disorders
#16
REVIEW
Nora L Nock, Sonia Minnes, Jay L Alberts
Substance use (e.g., alcohol, marijuana, opioids, cocaine., etc,) use often initiates during adolescence, a critical period of physiological and social development marked by an increase in risk-taking due, in part, to heightened motivation to obtain arousal from rewards. Substance use during adolescence has been associated with a greater risk of substance use disorders (SUD) in adulthood. Although use rates for most substances have remained relatively stable, the frequency of marijuana use and the perception that regular marijuana use is not harmful has increased in adolescents...
December 1, 2017: Birth defects research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29199843/motivational-interviewing-enhancement-and-brief-interventions-over-the-last-decade-a-review-of-reviews-of-efficacy-and-effectiveness
#17
Carlo C DiClemente, Catherine M Corno, Meagan M Graydon, Alicia E Wiprovnick, Daniel J Knoblach
Motivation is a well-established predictor of recovery for addictive behaviors. Treatments aimed at changing substance use and gambling frequently employ motivational enhancing strategies, based in the principles of Motivational Interviewing (MI). Evidence for these approaches across addictive behaviors does not always paint a clear picture. The purpose of this review was to examine existing reviews of motivational-based interventions for various substances of abuse and gambling in the last decade to gain a deeper understanding of the current evidence and implications for future research and clinical practice...
December 2017: Psychology of Addictive Behaviors: Journal of the Society of Psychologists in Addictive Behaviors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29136643/controversy-matters-impacts-of-topic-and-solution-controversy-on-the-perceived-credibility-of-a-scientist-who-advocates
#18
Lindsey Beall, Teresa A Myers, John E Kotcher, Emily K Vraga, Edward W Maibach
In this article, we focus on the potential influence of a scientist's advocacy position on the public's perceived credibility of scientists as a whole. Further, we examine how the scientist's solution position (information only, non-controversial, and controversial) affects the public's perception of the scientist's motivation for sharing information about specific issues (flu, marijuana, climate change, severe weather). Finally, we assess how perceived motivations mediate the relationship between solution position and credibility...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29134053/motivational-antecedents-of-well-being-and-health-related-behaviors-in-adolescents
#19
Isabel Balaguer, Joan L Duda, Isabel Castillo
Grounded in the Achievement Goal Theory framework of motivation and optimal functioning, there were two objectives of this study: (a) to test a model hypothesizing links between personal theories of school achievement, indices of the quality of academic engagement, wellbeing, and health-related behaviors, and (b) to explore whether the hypothesized model was invariant across gender groups. A multisection questionnaire pack tapping the targeted variables was administered to 967 teenagers (475 boys and 492 girls) aged between 11 to 16 years old...
October 2017: Journal of Human Kinetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29125218/marijuana-use-and-associated-motives-in-colorado-university-students
#20
Kristina T Phillips, Trent L Lalonde, Michael M Phillips, Maryia M Schneider
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Marijuana is the most commonly used illicit drug among college students, with heavy use leading to negative outcomes. Use of marijuana for medical and recreational purposes in select U.S. states has been controversial, with concerns surrounding increased prevalence rates and harm. The current exploratory study aimed to assess marijuana use in college students in Colorado, demographic differences in frequency of use, and motives for using. METHODS: College students (N = 300; 61% female) were recruited through introductory psychology courses and completed a series of questionnaires and a marijuana urine screen...
December 2017: American Journal on Addictions
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