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Drinking motives

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29215362/the-switch-to-refillable-bottled-water-in-indonesia-a-serious-health-risk
#1
Ahmad Komarulzaman, Eelke de Jong, Jeroen Smits
In recent years, the consumption of refillable bottled water has increased considerably in emerging countries. However, the quality of this water is often questionable, as authorities lack the capacity to properly check refilling depots. Given that refillable bottled water not only replaces unimproved water sources, but also better-quality sources, like piped and branded bottled water, its increasing use poses a major health risk. We investigate the motives behind the decision to switch to refillable bottled water in Indonesia...
October 2017: Journal of Water and Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29208874/status-of-baby-friendly-hospital-initiative-in-neonatal-units
#2
K Akhtar, S Khatoon, S Kabir, Q E Elahi, S Nahar, F Ahamed
Neonatal unit is more vulnerable and critical ward than any others. To assure breastfeeding in neonatal unit is one of the ways to reduce child morbidity and mortality. Baby friendly hospital initiative is the best method in hospital setting to assure breastfeeding. This cross-sectional descriptive study was conducted from July 2014 to December 2014 to find out the Status of Baby Friendly Hospital Initiative (BFHI) in neonatal unit of different public hospitals. The study area was consisting of several tertiary level hospitals in Dhaka city...
October 2017: Mymensingh Medical Journal: MMJ
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29186154/external-validation-of-a-collar-mounted-triaxial-accelerometer-for-second-by-second-monitoring-of-eight-behavioural-states-in-dogs
#3
Ingrid den Uijl, Constanza B Gómez Álvarez, David Bartram, Yoni Dror, Robert Holland, Alasdair Cook
Early detection of disease by an animal owner may motivate them to seek early veterinary advice. Presentation before a more advanced clinical manifestation is evident could lead to more effective treatment and thus benefit the animal's health and welfare. Accelerometers are able to detect changes in specific activities or behaviours, thus indicating early signs of possible adverse health events. The objective of this validation study was to determine whether the detection of eight behavioural states: walk, trot, canter/gallop, sleep, static/inactive, eat, drink, and headshake, by an accelerometer device was sufficiently accurate to be useful in a clinical setting...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29179154/understanding-sexual-assault-risk-perception-in-college-associations-among-sexual-assault-history-drinking-to-cope-and-alcohol-use
#4
Elizabeth C Neilson, Elizabeth R Bird, Isha W Metzger, William H George, Jeanette Norris, Amanda K Gilmore
INTRODUCTION: Sexual assault history and alcohol use are associated with higher likelihood of subsequent sexual assault. Alcohol use and drinking to cope are associated with re-assault, but it is unclear whether these factors are associated with malleable constructs like sexual assault risk perception. This study examined typical weekly drinking and drinking to cope motive as factors underlying the association between sexual assault history and risk perception. METHODS: Both perceived likelihood of experiencing incapacitated sexual assault and when to leaving a hypothetical sexual assault scenario were assessed as indicators of sexual assault risk perception...
November 14, 2017: Addictive Behaviors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29178899/smoking-and-alcohol-cessation-intervention-in-relation-to-radical-cystectomy-a-qualitative-study-of-cancer-patients-experiences
#5
Susanne Vahr Lauridsen, Thordis Thomsen, Gudrun Kaldan, Line Noes Lydom, Hanne Tønnesen
BACKGROUND: Despite smoking and risky alcohol drinking being modifiable risk factors for cancer as well as postoperative complications, perioperative cessation counselling is often ignored. Little is known about how cancer patients experience smoking and alcohol interventions in relation to surgery. Therefore the aim of this study was to explore how bladder cancer patients experience a perioperative smoking and alcohol cessation intervention in relation to radical cystectomy. METHODS: A qualitative study was conducted in two urology out-patient clinics...
November 25, 2017: BMC Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29177883/non-competitive-nmda-receptor-antagonist-hemantane-reduces-ethanol-consumption-in-long-term-alcohol-experienced-rats
#6
L G Kolik, A V Nadorova, S B Seredenin
Activity of hemantane, an amino adamantane derivative, exhibiting the properties of lowaffinity non-competitive NMDA receptor antagonist, was evaluated in experimental in vivo models of alcoholism. Hemantane had no effects on the formation and manifestation of behavioral sensitization to ethanol in DBA/2 mice. Under conditions of free choice between 10% ethanol and water, hemantane (20 mg/kg/day for 14 days, intraperitoneally) significantly reduced the daily ethanol intake in random-bred male rats with formed alcohol motivation (>4 g/kg of ethanol)...
November 27, 2017: Bulletin of Experimental Biology and Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29176448/patients-experiences-of-using-a-cellular-photo-digital-breathalyzer-for-treatment-purposes
#7
Christina Nehlin, Kristina Carlsson, Caisa Öster
OBJECTIVES: The field of eHealth systems is rapidly developing and is now expanding into alcohol treatment settings. Despite a growing public and professional interest, cellular photo digital breathalyzers (CPDBs) have not been investigated in a clinical context so far. In this study, we aimed to investigate the experiences of patients in alcohol treatment who had been using a CPDB-TripleA- for a minimum of three months. What are their personal experiences of using the CPDB? Do the patients think it supports them to change their drinking habits, and if so, in what way? METHODS: A qualitative interview study with individuals who had been using the CPDB TripleA, for at least 3 months as complement to treatment (12-step program or hospital-based outpatient care)...
November 23, 2017: Journal of Addiction Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29174308/effectiveness-of-extended-release-naltrexone-to-reduce-alcohol-cravings-and-use-behaviors-during-treatment-and-at-follow-up
#8
Desirée Crèvecoeur-MacPhail, Sarah J Cousins, Loretta Denering, Tina Kim, Richard A Rawson
Changes in cravings to drink alcohol and alcohol use behaviors were examined among 337 patients who were administered extended-release naltrexone (XR-NTX) in conjunction with psychosocial treatment in community-based substance use disorder treatment programs. Cravings and use behaviors were assessed at multiple time points (baseline; weeks 1, 2, and 3 after the first dose; monthly after the first four assessments; and at 30- and 60-days after the last dose). A total of 863 doses (M=2.6, SD=1.8) were administered and the majority of patients (65%) took more than one dose...
November 10, 2017: Journal of Substance Abuse Treatment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29173214/appetitive-drives-for-ultra-processed-food-products-and-the-ability-of-text-warnings-to-counteract-consumption-predispositions
#9
Isabel A David, Laura Krutman, María Carmen Fernández-Santaella, Jéssica R Andrade, Eduardo B Andrade, Leticia Oliveira, Mirtes G Pereira, Fabio S Gomes, Sonia Gleiser, José M Oliveira, Renata L Araújo, Eliane Volchan, Filipe Braga
OBJECTIVE: The present study aimed to (i) assess the appetitive drives evoked by the visual cues of ultra-processed food and drink products and (ii) investigate whether text warnings reduce appetitive drives and consumers' reported intentions to eat or drink ultra-processed products. DESIGN: In Study I, a well-established psychometric tool was applied to estimate the appetitive drives associated with ultra-processed products using sixty-four image representations...
November 27, 2017: Public Health Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29158725/nutritional-supplement-practices-of-professional-ugandan-athletes-a-cross-sectional-study
#10
Haruna Muwonge, Robert Zavuga, Peninnah Aligawesa Kabenge, Timothy Makubuya
Background: The use of nutritional supplements (NS) places athletes at great risk for inadvertent doping. Due to the paucity of data on supplement use, this study aimed to determine the proportion of Ugandan athletes using nutritional supplements and to investigate the athletes' motivation to use these supplements. Methods: A cross-sectional study was conducted in which an interviewer-administered questionnaire was used to collect data from 359 professional athletes participating in individual (boxing, cycling, athletics) and team (basketball, rugby, football, netball, and volleyball) sports...
2017: Journal of the International Society of Sports Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29157457/the-development-and-implementation-of-stroke-risk-prediction-model-in-national-health-insurance-service-s-personal-health-record
#11
Jae-Woo Lee, Hyun-Sun Lim, Dong-Wook Kim, Soon-Ae Shin, Jinkwon Kim, Bora Yoo, Kyung-Hee Cho
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study was to build a 10-year stroke prediction model and categorize a probability of stroke using the Korean national health examination data. Then it intended to develop the algorithm to provide a personalized warning on the basis of each user's level of stroke risk and a lifestyle correction message about the stroke risk factors. METHODS: Subject to national health examinees in 2002-2003, the stroke prediction model identified when stroke was first diagnosed by following-up the cohort until 2013 and estimated a 10-year probability of stroke...
January 2018: Computer Methods and Programs in Biomedicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29154554/associations-between-executive-functioning-affect-regulation-drinking-motives-and-alcohol-use-and-problems
#12
Jorge S Martins, Bruce D Bartholow, M Lynne Cooper, Curtis D Von Gunten, Phillip K Wood
Motivation to use alcohol to regulate positive and negative affect and deficits in cognitive control (i.e., executive functions [EFs]) have both been associated with increased alcohol involvement and alcohol-related consequences. Although dual-process models predict that affect-driven motivations and cognitive control should interact to determine alcohol involvement and alcohol-related consequences, this intersection has remained largely unexplored. The present study examined the extent to which effects of enhancement and coping drinking motives on alcohol use, heavy drinking, and alcohol-related consequences are moderated by individual differences in three theorized components of EF...
November 20, 2017: Psychology of Addictive Behaviors: Journal of the Society of Psychologists in Addictive Behaviors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29154553/a-randomized-trial-of-female-specific-cognitive-behavior-therapy-for-alcohol-dependent-women
#13
Elizabeth E Epstein, Barbara S McCrady, Kevin A Hallgren, Sharon Cook, Noelle K Jensen, Thomas Hildebrandt
This study compared Female-Specific Cognitive Behavioral Therapy (FS-CBT) to evidence-based, gender-neutral CBT (GN-CBT; Epstein & McCrady, 2009) for women with alcohol use disorder (AUD). Women (N = 99) with AUD, mean age 48, were randomly assigned to 12 outpatient manual-guided sessions of FS-CBT (n = 44) or GN-CBT (n = 55). Women were assessed at baseline and 3, 9 and 15 months after baseline for drinking and for specific issues common among women with AUD. A FS-CBT protocol was developed that was discriminable on treatment integrity ratings from GN-CBT...
November 20, 2017: Psychology of Addictive Behaviors: Journal of the Society of Psychologists in Addictive Behaviors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29154151/social-discomfort-moderates-the-relationship-between-drinking-in-response-to-negative-affect-and-solitary-drinking-in-underage-drinkers
#14
Carillon Skrzynski, Kasey G Creswell, Rachel L Bachrach, Tammy Chung
OBJECTIVE: Research shows that solitary drinking is associated with negative reinforcement motives (i.e., relieving negative affect). An untested hypothesis proposes that this association may be especially strong for individuals who experience social discomfort. This study aimed to 1) replicate findings linking solitary drinking to social discomfort (i.e., loneliness, social anxiety, and lack of perceived social support), alcohol problems, and drinking in response to negative affect (i...
November 7, 2017: Addictive Behaviors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29151670/motivations-and-consequences-of-alcohol-use-among-heavy-drinking-nonstudent-emerging-adults
#15
Cathy Lau-Barraco, Ashley N Linden-Carmichael, Amy Hequembourg, Shana Pribesh
Research suggests that nonstudent emerging adults may be at elevated risk for alcohol-related problems in adulthood. The present study utilized a qualitative approach to broaden our understanding of the drinking-related perceptions and experiences of heavy drinking nonstudents, with the ultimate goal of generating meaningful knowledge that could aid intervention planning. Research aims were to identify nonstudent (1) drinking motivations and (2) drinking consequences. Eleven focus groups were conducted (n = 64 participants)...
November 2017: Journal of Adolescent Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29147116/influence-of-water-sanitation-and-hygiene-practices-on-common-infections-among-under-five-children-in-longido-and-monduli-districts-of-arusha-tanzania
#16
Hoyce Amini Mshida, Neema Kassim, Martin Epafras Kimanya, Emmanuel Mpolya
The study aimed at assessing water, sanitation, and hygiene practices and their influence on infectious diseases among under-five children in semipastoral communities of Arusha. The study was cross-sectional in design. Prevalence of infectious diseases among under-five children was derived from patients' attendance register. Mothers randomly sampled from households were interviewed using questionnaire. Information regarding child morbidity and sociodemographic and WASH characteristics was gathered. Hospital data revealed that 2/3 of under-five patients visited the hospitals annually were suffering from infectious diseases...
2017: Journal of Environmental and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29146494/sex-specific-ultrasonic-vocalization-patterns-and-alcohol-consumption-in-high-alcohol-drinking-had-1-rats
#17
N Mittal, N Thakore, R L Bell, W T Maddox, T Schallert, C L Duvauchelle
Ultrasonic vocalizations (USVs) have been established as an animal model of emotional status and are often utilized in drug abuse studies as motivational and emotional indices. Further USV functionality has been demonstrated in our recent work showing accurate identification of selectively-bred high versus low alcohol-consuming male rats ascertained exclusively from 22 to 28kHz and 50-55kHz FM USV acoustic parameters. With the hypothesis that alcohol-sensitive sex differences could be revealed through USV acoustic parameters, the present study examined USVs and alcohol consumption in male and female selectively bred high-alcohol drinking (HAD-1) rats...
November 13, 2017: Physiology & Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29129192/healthcall-delivered-via-smartphone-to-reduce-co-occurring-drug-and-alcohol-use-in-hiv-infected-adults-a-randomized-pilot-trial
#18
Efrat Aharonovich, Malka Stohl, Daniela Cannizzaro, Deborah Hasin
AIMS: Co-occurrence of drug and alcohol use among people living with HIV is linked to poor medication adherence and lack of viral suppression. HealthCall, a technological enhancement of brief Motivational Interviewing (MI), involves brief daily self-monitoring, positive reinforcement, and personalized feedback. This randomized pilot study among people living with HIV investigated the feasibility and efficacy of reducing non-injection drug and alcohol use with MI+HealthCall as adapted for smartphone technology...
December 2017: Journal of Substance Abuse Treatment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29127026/resource-forecasting-differential-effects-of-glucose-taste-and-ingestion-on-delay-discounting-and-self-control
#19
X T Wang, Ryan N Reed, Lee A Baugh, Kelene A Fercho
We tested a novel hypothesis that glucose taste acts as a signal for resource acquisition, motivating preference for immediate rewards while actual glucose ingestion prompts resource conservation, promoting future-orientated self-regulation. In Study 1, participants were engaged in a delay-discounting task and a grip-control task before and after a beverage intervention (glucose drink, water drink, or glucose mouth-rinse). Glucose ingestion decreased delay discounting, making larger-and-later rewards more attractive...
November 7, 2017: Appetite
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29121529/an-examination-of-heavy-drinking-depressed-mood-drinking-related-constructs-and-consequences-among-high-risk-college-students-using-a-person-centered-approach
#20
Irene M Geisner, Kimberly Mallett, Lindsey Varvil-Weld, Sarah Ackerman, Bradley M Trager, Rob Turrisi
INTRODUCTION: Research has identified college students who experience depressed mood and consume alcohol are at an increased risk for experiencing alcohol problems. The present study identified profiles of differential alcohol use, depression, key psychosocial indicators of drinking (e.g., normative perceptions) and examined the relationship between these profiles and alcohol-related consequences. METHOD: Students with a history of risky drinking and elevated depressed mood (n=311; 62...
October 26, 2017: Addictive Behaviors
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