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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28903090/a-descriptive-analysis-of-alcohol-behaviors-across-gender-subgroups-within-a-sample-of-transgender-adults
#1
Jennifer M Staples, Elizabeth C Neilson, William H George, Brian P Flaherty, Kelly Cue Davis
OBJECTIVE: Transgender (trans) adults are identified as an at-risk group for problem alcohol use. Descriptive empirical data examining alcohol behaviors among trans adults is limited. The present study investigates alcohol behaviors - quantity, frequency, alcohol-related problems, and drinking to cope motives - across sex assigned at birth, gender expression, and gender identity subgroups within a sample of trans adults. METHOD: A total of 317 trans participants were recruited to complete a cross-sectional battery of online measures assessing alcohol use behaviors, alcohol-related problems, and drinking to cope...
August 18, 2017: Addictive Behaviors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28895569/the-effects-of-the-monoamine-stabilizer-osu6162-on-binge-like-eating-and-cue-controlled-food-seeking-behavior-in-rats
#2
K Feltmann, C Giuliano, B J Everitt, P Steensland, J Alsiö
Binge eating disorder (BED) is characterized by recurring episodes of excessive consumption of palatable food and an increased sensitivity to food cues. Patients with BED display an addiction-like symptomatology and the dopamine system might be a potential treatment target. The clinically safe monoamine stabilizer (-)-OSU6162 (OSU6162) restores dopaminergic dysfunction in long-term alcohol drinking rats and shows promise as a novel treatment for alcohol use disorder. Here, the effects of OSU6162 on consummatory (binge-like eating) and appetitive (cue-controlled seeking) behavior motivated by chocolate-flavored sucrose pellets were evaluated in non-food-restricted male Lister Hooded rats...
September 12, 2017: Neuropsychopharmacology: Official Publication of the American College of Neuropsychopharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28889061/depressive-symptoms-ruminative-thinking-drinking-motives-and-alcohol-outcomes-a-multiple-mediation-model-among-college-students-in-three-countries
#3
Adrian J Bravo, Angelina Pilatti, Matthew R Pearson, Laura Mezquita, Manuel I Ibáñez, Generós Ortet
BACKGROUND: Recent research suggests that ruminative thinking (specifically problem-focused thoughts) may explain why individuals engage in drinking to cope (DTC) when dealing with depressive symptoms; which in turn leads to increased negative alcohol-related consequences. Cross-cultural studies addressing these phenomena are scarce. OBJECTIVES: The present study cross-culturally tested whether four rumination facets (problem-focused thoughts, counterfactual thinking, repetitive thoughts, and anticipatory thoughts) uniquely mediate the relationships between depressive symptoms and drinking motives/alcohol outcomes in a multicultural sample of college student drinkers (n=1429) from Spain, Argentina, and the U...
August 31, 2017: Addictive Behaviors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28888175/solitary-drinking-is-associated-with-specific-alcohol-problems-in-emerging-adults
#4
Matthew T Keough, Roisin M O'Connor, Sherry H Stewart
Hazardous drinking in emerging adulthood is associated with multiple domains of alcohol problems, which range in type and severity. Alcohol problems at the severe end of the spectrum (e.g., impaired control) may be early warning signs of alcohol use disorders (AUDs) among emerging adults. However, given the emphasis in the literature on predictors of overall problem risk, we still know very little about predictors of these specific (and severe) domains of alcohol problems in emerging adults. Many emerging adults drink at social events (e...
August 31, 2017: Addictive Behaviors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28873773/mobile-delivery-of-health-information-for-people-with-mild-cognitive-impairment
#5
Gareth Lloyd, Susan D Munro, John L Arnott
The design of a smartphone application (app) for promoting healthy lifestyle choices has been investigated for people with mild cognitive impairment. The app was designed to provide health-related messages and assist users to keep track of activities such as walking, eating and drinking water. A reward scheme with gold, silver and bronze awards was incorporated as a means of assisting user motivation. Responses to the app and user feedback were gathered for purposes of evaluation and improvement. Outcomes indicate that the approach has some potential and could have good implications for encouraging positive health-related behaviour change in this population, hence prompting further investigation and development of the concept...
2017: Studies in Health Technology and Informatics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28873772/home-testing-of-a-digital-prompter-for-people-with-dementia
#6
Hazel Boyd, Nina Evans, Richard Cheston, Krist Noonan, Nigel Harris
This technology evaluation study assessed a personalised digital prompter designed for people with dementia, by trialling its use in the home by people with dementia and their carers. Technology based prompting may be used to support people with dementia to complete multi-step tasks in the home, provided that suitable tasks can be chosen and that a carer is able to load appropriate task steps onto the prompter. A prompter was developed specifically for this purpose, along with a detailed guidance manual. Twelve participants with mild or moderate dementia carried out cognitive tests and their carers completed carer burden and carer competence scales...
2017: Studies in Health Technology and Informatics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28865362/the-association-between-multidimensional-feminine-norms-binge-drinking-and-alcohol-related-problems-among-young-adult-college-women
#7
Derek Kenji Iwamoto, William Corbin, Stephanie Takamatsu, Jeanett Castellanos
Alcohol consumption among women has steadily increased over the past 30years, and women's drinking behavior is now similar to that of men's. The escalation of alcohol use among women highlights the critical need to examine gender issues and motivational factors that contribute to binge drinking and related problems within this population. Feminine norms or the socially constructed beliefs, messages and attitudes about what it means to be a woman may contribute to within-group differences in drinking patterns among women...
August 24, 2017: Addictive Behaviors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28865169/a-developmental-based-motivational-intervention-to-reduce-alcohol-and-marijuana-use-among-non-treatment-seeking-young-adults-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#8
Michael D Stein, Celeste M Caviness, Emily F Morse, Kristin R Grimone, Daniel Audet, Debra S Herman, Ethan Moitra, Bradley J Anderson
AIMS: To test the hypothesis that among non-treatment-seeking emerging adults (EA) who both use marijuana and have alcohol binges, a brief, longitudinally-delivered, developmentally-based motivational intervention would show greater reductions in the use of these two substances compared with a health education control condition. DESIGN: Parallel, two group, randomized controlled trial with follow-up interventions conducted at 1, 3, 6, and 9 months and final assessments at 12 and 15 months...
September 2, 2017: Addiction
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28855557/diarrhea-morbidities-in-small-areas-accounting-for-non-stationarity-in-sociodemographic-impacts-using-bayesian-spatially-varying-coefficient-modelling
#9
F B Osei, A Stein
Model-based estimation of diarrhea risk and understanding the dependency on sociodemographic factors is important for prioritizing interventions. It is unsuitable to calibrate regression model with a single set of coefficients, especially for large spatial domains. For this purpose, we developed a Bayesian hierarchical varying coefficient model to account for non-stationarity in the covariates. We used the integrated nested Laplace approximation for parameter estimation. Diarrhea morbidities in Ghana motivated our empirical study...
August 30, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28854571/effectiveness-of-a-web-based-intervention-to-reduce-alcohol-consumption-among-french-hazardous-drinkers-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#10
Juliette Guillemont, Chloé Cogordan, Bertrand Nalpas, Viêt Nguyen-Thanh, Jean-Baptiste Richard, Pierre Arwidson
This study aims to evaluate the effectiveness of a web-based intervention to reduce alcohol consumption among hazardous drinkers. A two-group parallel randomized controlled trial was conducted among adults identified as hazardous drinkers according to the Alcohol Use Disorders Identification Test. The intervention delivers personalized normative feedback and some general information about alcohol. Participants can review their motivations and fears regarding reducing their alcohol intake, set individual goals and monitor their progress via a consumption diary and other tools...
August 1, 2017: Health Education Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28846938/drinking-to-cope-with-depression-mediates-the-relationship-between-social-avoidance-and-alcohol-problems-a-3-wave-18-month-longitudinal-study
#11
Jamie-Lee Collins, Kara Thompson, Simon B Sherry, Maria Glowacka, Sherry H Stewart
Undergraduates with high social anxiety have increased alcohol problems, despite lower or equivalent alcohol use levels. Drinking motives mediate the cross-sectional relationship between social anxiety and alcohol problems, with coping and conformity motives being the most commonly observed mediators. Our study extended prior research by using a longitudinal design, examining coping with anxiety motives (CAM) and coping with depression motives (CDM) separately using path analysis, simultaneously considering a variety of drinking motives in the model, and focusing on a particularly severe form of social anxiety - namely, social avoidance...
August 18, 2017: Addictive Behaviors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28837085/consumption-of-energy-drinks-among-undergraduate-students-in-taiwan-related-factors-and-associations-with-substance-use
#12
Yen-Jung Chang, Ching-Yi Peng, Yu-Ching Lan
Background: This study aimed to investigate the consumption of energy drinks and associated factors among undergraduate students in Taiwan. Methods: Data came from a cross-sectional survey conducted in 2015. Eligible participants completed a self-administered questionnaire assessing use and perceptions of energy drinks, tobacco, alcohol, and betel nut. Results: Among 606 surveyed undergraduate students, 24.8% reported consuming energy drinks in the past 30 days. The major reasons for use included keeping alert at work (48...
August 24, 2017: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28833270/tailoring-an-alcohol-intervention-for-aian-women-of-childbearing-age-listening-to-the-community
#13
Annika C Montag, Marlené L Dusek, Marina L Ortega, Alexandrea Camp-Mazzetti, Dan J Calac, Christina D Chambers
BACKGROUND: Reduction of risky drinking in women of childbearing age is one strategy that may be employed to prevent fetal alcohol spectrum disorder, a sequela of prenatal alcohol-exposure. Communities differ in risk and protective factors, necessitating culturally informed interventions for maximal efficacy. This manuscript describes the modification of an existing web-based SBIRT intervention to reduce risky drinking among AIAN women of child-bearing age in Southern California into a peer-to-peer based intervention using motivational interviewing...
August 23, 2017: Alcoholism, Clinical and Experimental Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28822541/only-7-of-the-variation-in-feed-efficiency-in-veal-calves-can-be-predicted-from-variation-in-feeding-motivation-digestion-metabolism-immunology-and-behavioral-traits-in-early-life
#14
M S Gilbert, J J G C van den Borne, C G van Reenen, W J J Gerrits
High interindividual variation in growth performance is commonly observed in veal calf production and appears to depend on milk replacer (MR) composition. Our first objective was to examine whether variation in growth performance in healthy veal calves can be predicted from early life characterization of these calves. Our second objective was to determine whether these predictions differ between calves that are fed a high- or low-lactose MR in later life. A total of 180 male Holstein-Friesian calves arrived at the facilities at 17 ± 3...
August 16, 2017: Journal of Dairy Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28822262/evaluating-the-influence-of-at-risk-alcohol-use-on-factors-associated-with-smoking-cessation-combining-laboratory-and-ecological-momentary-assessment
#15
Joanna R Sells, Andrew J Waters, R Ross MacLean
OBJECTIVE: Most smokers want to quit but most cessation attempts end in failure. Alcohol consumption is associated with smoking behavior and relapse. We examined the associations between severity of drinking and psychological processes during a cessation attempt in the laboratory and during a quit attempt. METHODS: Smokers (N=209) enrolled in a smoking cessation study were followed from 2 weeks pre-quit through 4 weeks post-quit. Participants scoring 0-7 and 8-15 on the Alcohol Use Disorders Identification Test (AUDIT) were classified as low-risk and high-risk drinkers, respectively...
July 4, 2017: Drug and Alcohol Dependence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28814878/heavy-drinking-in-university-students-with-and-without-attention-deficit-hyperactivity-disorder-contributions-of-drinking-motives-and-protective-behavioral-strategies
#16
Andrea L Howard, Tyler R Pritchard
This study examined rates of heavy drinking and alcohol problems in relation to drinking motives and protective behavioral strategies in university students with a documented current diagnosis of attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD; n = 31) compared with students with no history of ADHD (n = 146). Participants completed a Web-based questionnaire, and logistic regression models tested interactions between ADHD/comparison group membership and motives and protective strategies. Group differences in rates of heavy drinking and alcohol problems were not statistically significant, but medium-sized risk ratios showed that students without ADHD reported heavy drinking at a rate 1...
2017: Substance Abuse: Research and Treatment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28813174/depressive-symptoms-and-drinking-outcomes-the-mediating-role-of-drinking-motives-and-protective-behavioral-strategies-among-college-students
#17
Margo C Villarosa, Mary Anne Messer, Michael B Madson, Virgil Zeigler-Hill
BACKGROUND: College students with depressive symptoms tend to engage in more hazardous drinking and experience more alcohol-related consequences to cope with their symptoms. Given the perceived tension reducing effects of alcohol among these students, it is important to explore how protective factors, such as protective behavioral strategies, account for the relationships among depressive symptoms, drinking motives, and alcohol-related outcomes. OBJECTIVE: To examine the mediating role of drinking motives and protective behavioral strategies on the associations that depressive symptoms have with typical weekly alcohol consumption, hazardous drinking, and alcohol-related negative consequences in a sample of college student drinkers...
August 16, 2017: Substance Use & Misuse
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28812420/a-novel-approach-for-streamlining-delivery-of-brief-motivational-interventions-to-mandated-college-students-using-group-and-individual-sessions-matched-to-level-of-risk
#18
Michael H Bernstein, Grayson L Baird, Miryam Yusufov, Nadine R Mastroleo, Kate B Carey, Daniel D Graney, Mark D Wood
BACKGROUND: Mandated college students (those in violation of a campus alcohol policy) are heterogenous with respect to alcohol consumption. Thus, when universities consider required treatment for mandated students, one promising option is to match treatment intensity according to level of alcohol involvement. The present study evaluates such an approach with minimal resources. METHODS: Mandated students (N = 285) were required to complete a baseline assessment. Participants identified as high-risk (5+ past month alcohol problems AND 2+ past month heavy drinking episodes) received a one session individual Brief Motivational Intervention (I-BMI) whereas those identified as low-risk (all others) received a one session group Brief Motivational Intervention (G-BMI)...
August 16, 2017: Substance Use & Misuse
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28810467/binge-eating-and-binge-drinking-among-adolescents-the-role-of-drinking-and-eating-motives
#19
Sara Pompili, Fiorenzo Laghi
This study aimed to investigate the motivations underlying binge eating and binge drinking in a sample of 302 adolescents. Our findings showed that binge eating was significantly correlated with gender, environmental, emotional, and social eating. Hierarchical multiple regression analysis indicated that emotional and environmental eating were significant positive predictors of binge eating, whereas binge drinking was significantly correlated with enhancement, social, and coping motives. Only enhancement motives were significant predictors of binge drinking...
June 1, 2017: Journal of Health Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28805240/the-role-of-social-familial-and-individual-level-factors-on-multiple-alcohol-use-outcomes-during-the-first-year-of-university
#20
Megan E Cooke, Zoe E Neale, Peter B Barr, John Myers, Danielle M Dick, Kenneth S Kendler, Alexis C Edwards
BACKGROUND: The first year of university attendance represents a critical time frame for the development of alcohol use and misuse given changes in autonomy and increased access to alcohol. Prior studies have demonstrated that the establishment of drinking patterns during this period is impacted by an array of demographic, environmental, and familial factors. It is critical to consider such factors jointly, and to understand potentially differential effects on stages of alcohol use/misuse, in order to identify robust predictors that may be targeted in prevention and intervention programming...
August 14, 2017: Alcoholism, Clinical and Experimental Research
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