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Drinking motives

Adam Pastor, Casey L O'Brien, Jessie Teng, Jennifer Conn, Margaret Loh, Lisa Collins, Richard MacIsaac, Yvonne Bonomo
AIMS: Alcohol and recreational drug use is common in young adults with type 1 diabetes (T1DM) and may account for increased morbidity and mortality. This study explores the motivations and experiences unique to this population while using alcohol and recreational drugs. METHODS: Semi-structured interviews focusing on substance use were performed with 16 young adults aged 18-35 with T1DM who drink alcohol (at least 50 grams, 5 Australian standard drinks, in a single session) and/or used recreational drugs...
April 21, 2018: Diabetes Research and Clinical Practice
Clayton Neighbors, Lindsey M Rodriguez, Lorra Garey, Mary M Tomkins
OBJECTIVES: The current research evaluated delivery modality and incentive as factors affecting recruitment into a personalized normative feedback (PNF) alcohol intervention for heavy drinking college students. We also evaluated whether these factors were differentially associated with participation based on relevance of the intervention (via participants' drinking levels). METHOD: College students aged 18-26 who endorsed at least one heavy drinking episode and one alcohol-related consequence in the past month (N = 2059; 59...
March 28, 2018: Addictive Behaviors
Maayan Lawental, Anna Kipnis, Khary Rigg
Binge drinking is common among young people, and is an area of concern in many countries worldwide. Israel has seen a steady increase in binge drinking behaviors in recent years among youth and young adults. Using the Theory of Planned Behavior (TPB) as a guiding theoretical framework, this study examines whether attitudes, subjective norms, perceived behavioral control and intention to engage in binge drinking are correlated with individual participation in binge drinking among young adults aged 18-35 in Israel...
April 20, 2018: Psychology, Health & Medicine
Michael J Silverberg, Wendy A Leyden, Amy Leibowitz, C Bradley Hare, Hannah J Jang, Stacy Sterling, Sheryl L Catz, Sujaya Parthasarathy, Michael A Horberg, Derek D Satre
BACKGROUND: Limited primary care-based research has examined hazardous drinking risk factors and motivation to reduce use in persons with HIV (PWH). METHODS: We computed prevalence ratios (PR) for factors associated with recent (<30 days) hazardous alcohol use (i.e., 4+/5+ drinks in a single day for women/men), elevated Alcohol Use Disorders Identification Test (AUDIT) scores, and importance and confidence (1-10 Likert scales) to reduce drinking among PWH in primary care...
March 31, 2018: Addictive Behaviors
R Walker, M Blumfield, H Truby
BACKGROUND: Pregnancy can motivate individuals to adopt lifestyle behaviours that protect the health of their offspring. The aims of the present study were to explore men's and women's beliefs about lifestyle, fertility and pregnancy, as well as where they seek advice. METHODS: Participants (2185 women and 221 men, six unspecified) from 104 countries completed a questionnaire that explored their beliefs about what was important for a healthy pregnancy and their advice-seeking behaviours...
April 16, 2018: Journal of Human Nutrition and Dietetics: the Official Journal of the British Dietetic Association
Jennifer E Merrill, Rochelle K Rosen, Holly K Boyle, Kate B Carey
College students may subjectively evaluate the consequences of drinking in unexpected ways, rating "negative" consequences as neutral or even positive experiences. We previously gathered qualitative evidence for several contextual factors that may influence one's subjective evaluations (e.g., social influences, intoxication level, concurrent positive consequences). The purpose of the present study was to quantitatively investigate whether student evaluations of consequences differ by various contextual factors...
April 16, 2018: Psychology of Addictive Behaviors: Journal of the Society of Psychologists in Addictive Behaviors
P Busse, A Bernabé-Ortiz
OBJECTIVES: One strategy to prevent the onset of non-communicable diseases is to motivate healthy lifestyles through health media messages. In Peru, the food industry is currently implementing such strategy with health message cues, in the form of a small icon of a walking person or a healthy dish, appearing on televised food and beverage advertisements. Yet the extent of this practice is unknown. Thus, the objective of this study was three-fold: to identify (1) the food and beverage advertisements showing health cues, (2) the types of health cues, and (3) their length in time...
April 10, 2018: Public Health
Zolzaya Erdenebileg, So Hyun Park, Kyung Ja Chang
BACKGROUND/OBJECTIVES: College students are in transition from adolescence to adulthood, and it has been reported that they show poor dietary habits. This study was conducted to compare body image perception, nutrition knowledge, dietary attitudes, dietary habits, and health-related lifestyles between Korean college students (KCS) and Mongolian college students (MCS). SUBJECTS/METHODS: Subjects were 314 KCS and 280 MCS. The data includes results of self-administered questionnaires; statistical analysis was performed using the SPSS 23...
April 2018: Nutrition Research and Practice
Louise Carton, Nicolas Cabé, Olivier Ménard, Sylvie Deheul, Anne-Sylvie Caous, David Devos, Olivier Cottencin, Régis Bordet
For students, the pressing demands for memorization, top-level performance, and peer competition create an environment favorable for pharmaceutical cognitive doping behavior. We aimed to describe recent practices and the benefit/risk ratio of such behavior and to discuss the issues at stake. The prevalence of pharmaceutical cognitive doping among students has been reported from 1.3% to 33% across studies, with variations depending on country and definition of pharmaceutical cognitive doping. The therapeutic classes most frequently cited as being diverted for doping purposes are psychostimulants and nootropics (methylphenidate, modafinil, piracetam), corticosteroids, sedative drugs and beta-blockers...
March 6, 2018: Thérapie
Claudia Marino, Antony C Moss, Alessio Vieno, Ian P Albery, Daniel Frings, Marcantonio M Spada
The aim of the current study was to test the direct and indirect influence of parents' drinking motives and problem drinking on their children's drinking motives, alcohol use and substance misuse. Cross-sectional analysis of parent and child drinking patterns and motives, derived from the nationally representative Drinkaware Monitor panel survey. The sample comprised a total of 148 couples of parents and child. Path analysis revealed that children's alcohol use and substance misuse were influenced by their own drinking motives and parents' problem drinking...
March 27, 2018: Addictive Behaviors
Ajla Mujcic, Matthijs Blankers, Brigitte Boon, Rutger Engels, Margriet van Laar
BACKGROUND: Brief interventions for smoking cessation and alcohol moderation may contribute considerably to the prevention of cancer among populations at risk, such as cancer survivors, in addition to improving their general wellbeing. There is accumulating evidence for the effectiveness of internet-based brief health behaviour interventions. The objective of this study is to assess the effectiveness, patient-level cost-effectiveness and cost-utility of two new online theory-based self-help interventions among adult cancer survivors in the Netherlands...
April 2, 2018: BMC Cancer
Janell A Routh, Anagha Loharikar, Elly Chemey, Aulive Msoma, Maureen Ntambo, Richard Mvula, Tracy Ayers, Andrews Gunda, Elizabeth T Russo, Beth Tippett Barr, Siri Wood, Robert Quick
Integrating public health interventions with antenatal clinic (ANC) visits may motivate women to attend ANC, thereby improving maternal and neonatal health, particularly for human immunodeficiency virus (HIV)-infected persons. In 2009, in an integrated ANC/Preventing Mother-to-Child Transmission program, we provided free hygiene kits (safe storage containers, WaterGuard water treatment solution, soap, and oral rehydration salts) to women at their first ANC visit and refills at subsequent visits. To increase fathers' participation, we required partners' presence for women to receive hygiene kits...
March 26, 2018: American Journal of Tropical Medicine and Hygiene
Qi Sun, Briana Aguila, Lyndsey D Earl, Carter W Abney, Lukasz Wojtas, Praveen K Thallapally, Shengqian Ma
The potential consequences of nuclear events and the complexity of nuclear waste management motivate the development of selective solid-phase sorbents to provide enhanced protection. Herein, it is shown that 2D covalent organic frameworks (COFs) with unique structures possess all the traits to be well suited as a platform for the deployment of highly efficient sorbents such that they exhibit remarkable performance, as demonstrated by uranium capture. The chelating groups laced on the open 1D channels exhibit exceptional accessibility, allowing significantly higher utilization efficiency...
March 27, 2018: Advanced Materials
Philip J Spelman, Jeffrey S Simons
Reward-related stimuli can induce motivation to obtain rewards both within and across domains. We tested within- and cross-domain effects of environmental context (mock bar vs. laboratory) and sexually arousing stimuli (pornography vs. nature film) on acute motivation for alcohol as measured by a state-based alcohol purchase task in 109 male and female college students. Our results showed significant effects of both sexual arousal and environmental context on acute motivation for alcohol. A limited subsample analysis (N = 84) revealed significant effects of both sexual arousal and environmental context conditions on elasticity...
March 26, 2018: Archives of Sexual Behavior
Katharine A Bradley, Jennifer F Bobb, Evette J Ludman, Laura J Chavez, Andrew J Saxon, Joseph O Merrill, Emily C Williams, Eric J Hawkins, Ryan M Caldeiro, Carol E Achtmeyer, Diane M Greenberg, Gwen T Lapham, Julie E Richards, Amy K Lee, Daniel R Kivlahan
Importance: Experts recommend that alcohol use disorders (AUDs) be managed in primary care, but effective approaches are unclear. Objective: To test whether 12 months of alcohol care management, compared with usual care, improved drinking outcomes among patients with or at high risk for AUDs. Design, Setting, and Participants: This randomized clinical trial was conducted at 3 Veterans Affairs (VA) primary care clinics. Between October 11, 2011, and September 30, 2014, the study enrolled 304 outpatients who reported heavy drinking (≥4 drinks per day for women and ≥5 drinks per day for men)...
March 26, 2018: JAMA Internal Medicine
Mickael Naassila
Alcohol interacts with numerous neurotransmission systems and particularly glutamatergic NMDA receptors and gabaergic GABAA receptors. Binge drinking induces both cerebral damages and cognitive deficits. Alcohol addiction is associated with an increase in the activation threshold of dopaminegic neurons and with a negative emotional state. Alcohol addiction is associated with a deficit in inhibitory control and an increase in motivation to drink alcohol. Environemental cues associated with alcohol trigger drinking desire and can induce relapse...
March 23, 2018: La Presse Médicale
Sami Ben Hamida, Sueli Mendonça-Netto, Tanzil Mahmud Arefin, Md Taufiq Nasseef, Laura-Joy Boulos, Michael McNicholas, Aliza Toby Ehrlich, Eleanor Clarke, Luc Moquin, Alain Gratton, Emmanuel Darcq, Laura Adela Harsan, Rafael Maldonado, Brigitte Lina Kieffer
BACKGOUND: Alcohol use disorder (AUD) is devastating and poorly treated, and innovative targets are actively sought for prevention and treatment. The orphan G protein-coupled receptor GPR88 is enriched in mesocorticolimbic pathways, and Gpr88 knockout mice show hyperactivity and risk-taking behavior, but a potential role for this receptor in drug abuse has not been examined. METHODS: We tested Gpr88 knockout mice for alcohol-drinking and -seeking behaviors. To gain system-level understanding of their alcohol endophenotype, we also analyzed whole-brain functional connectivity in naïve mice using resting-state functional magnetic resonance imaging...
February 9, 2018: Biological Psychiatry
Tara M Dumas, Jordan P Davis, Gabriel J Merrin, Maria Puccia, Dayna Blustein
In this longitudinal study, we disentangled within- and between-persons effects in the relationship between university students' status in their drinking group and alcohol-related behavior. We further examined the role of self-perceived and peer-reported status, with the hypothesis that only when students' peers reported them as of a higher status, and they were aware of their high status (via self-report), would they experience increased heavy episodic drinking (HED). University students (N = 118; Mage = 19...
March 26, 2018: Psychology of Addictive Behaviors: Journal of the Society of Psychologists in Addictive Behaviors
Jessica L Fugitt, Lindsay S Ham
Though alcohol use is a widespread behavior, men tend to drink more and experience more alcohol-related negative consequences than do women. Research suggests that individuals are motivated to maintain ingroup status by engaging in behaviors prototypical of the ingroup when group status has been threatened, and that men are particularly likely to do this when masculine ingroup status is threatened. The present study investigated masculine drinking behaviors through a social lens, examining the impact of masculinity threat on alcohol consumption in a simulated bar laboratory...
March 26, 2018: Psychology of Addictive Behaviors: Journal of the Society of Psychologists in Addictive Behaviors
Jacklyn Dunne, Andreas Kimergård, Jamie Brown, Emma Beard, Penny Buykx, Susan Michie, Colin Drummond
AIMS: To compare the proportion of people in England with probable alcohol dependence (Alcohol Use Disorders Identification Test [AUDIT] score ≥ 20) with those with other drinking patterns (categorized by AUDIT scores) in terms of motivation to reduce drinking and use of alcohol support resources. DESIGN: A combination of random probability and simple quota sampling to conduct monthly cross-sectional household computer-assisted interviews between March 2014 and August 2017...
March 25, 2018: Addiction
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