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Drinking motives

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29912479/heterogeneity-of-pregamers-by-consumption-and-reinforcement-reasons-a-latent-profile-analysis
#1
Amie L Haas, Robert E Wickham, Byron L Zamboanga, Jennifer P Read, Brian Borsari
BACKGROUND: Pregaming is a common, high-risk drinking activity among college students that has been largely unchangeable despite targeted intervention approaches. Therefore, identifying profiles of pregamers could enhance understanding of the risks associated with this practice and inform intervention development. METHODS: This study identified subtypes of pregamers in undergraduates (N = 911; 60% female, 42.9% White) attending 3 U.S. universities in 2012. Self-report data assessed recent alcohol use (overall, heavy, and pregaming), pregaming motives, and demographics...
June 18, 2018: Alcoholism, Clinical and Experimental Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29910016/the-relationship-between-in-session-commitment-language-and-daily-self-reported-commitment-to-reduce-or-abstain-from-drinking
#2
Alexis Kuerbis, Jessica Houser, Paul Amrhein, Hayley Treloar Padovano, Jon Morgenstern
BACKGROUND: Motivational interviewing is hypothesized to operate by enhancing a client's internal motivation to change. Past research operationalizes this process by measuring in-session statements for change (i.e., change talk), yet relationships between change talk and other measures of motivation have yet to be substantiated. This study tested whether in-session change talk predicted subsequent reports of commitment to abstain or moderate drinking assessed via ecological momentary assessment (EMA), and explored each of their contributions to drinking outcomes...
August 2018: Journal of Substance Abuse Treatment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29910012/therapeutic-alliance-predicts-mood-but-not-alcohol-outcome-in-a-comorbid-treatment-setting
#3
Deirdre Richardson, Simon Adamson, Daryle Deering
INTRODUCTION: The pan-theoretical variable of alliance has been consistently reported to have a moderate yet robust effect on psychotherapy treatment outcome. However, the relationship is less clear in the addiction field where there is more limited research. The current study investigated the relationship between alliance and treatment outcome in an alcohol dependent and depressed population. METHOD: The Treatment Evaluation of Alcohol and Mood (TEAM) study was a randomized controlled pharmacotherapy trial with supportive clinical case management...
August 2018: Journal of Substance Abuse Treatment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29902681/motives-for-drinking-alcohol-and-eating-palatable-foods-an-evaluation-of-shared-mechanisms-and-associations-with-drinking-and-binge-eating
#4
Tera L Fazzino, Amani Raheel, Natalie Peppercorn, Kelsie Forbush, Taylor Kirby, Kenneth J Sher, Christie Befort
BACKGROUND: Young adulthood is a high-risk period for heavy drinking and binge eating, both of which can impact weight and lead to obesity. Examining motives for drinking alcohol and eating palatable foods may facilitate a more integrated understanding of these behaviors during the college years. The current study tested whether shared or distinct (i.e., behavior-specific) motivational mechanisms may explain the occurrence of reward-driven drinking and eating in young adults. METHODS: A sample of college freshmen (N = 103) stratified by sex, race/ethnicity, and heavy drinking status were selected to participate...
May 2, 2018: Addictive Behaviors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29889946/characteristics-of-substance-abuse-and-self-injury-among-american-indian-adolescents-who-have-engaged-in-binge-drinking
#5
Mary F Cwik, Summer Rosenstock, Lauren Tingey, Novalene Goklish, Francene Larzelere, Rosemarie Suttle, Emily Haroz, Kyle Hill, Mariddie Craig, Allison Barlow
Binge drinking appears to be a risk factor, facilitator, and method of suicidal and non-suicidal self-injury for some American Indian (AI) youth. We examined characteristics, patterns, and motivations for binge use among AI adolescents (N = 69; 10-19 years-old) who recently engaged in binge drinking. The majority used alcohol alone (53.7%) or a combination of alcohol and marijuana (31.3%) for their binge event. Gender differences emerged with boys more severely affected than girls. Forty-seven percent reported lifetime suicidal thoughts...
2018: American Indian and Alaska Native Mental Health Research: the Journal of the National Center
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29871891/emergency-department-alcohol-intervention-effects-on-dating-violence-and-depression
#6
Quyen M Ngo, Andria B Eisman, Maureen A Walton, Yasamin Kusunoki, Stephen T Chermack, Vijay Singh, Rebecca Cunningham
OBJECTIVES: With this study, we examined secondary outcomes of an emergency department (ED)-based brief intervention (BI) on dating violence perpetration and victimization and depression symptoms over 3, 6, and 12 months. METHODS: ED patients (14-20 years) were screened for risk drinking. Patients who received positive screen results were randomly assigned to a computer BI ( n = 277), therapist BI ( n = 278), or control condition ( n = 281). After the 3-month assessment, participants were randomly assigned to receive the post-ED BI or control condition...
June 5, 2018: Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29863763/face-validity-of-a-pre-clinical-model-of-operant-binge-drinking-just-a-question-of-speed
#7
Jérôme Jeanblanc, Pierre Sauton, Virginie Jeanblanc, Rémi Legastelois, Victor Echeverry-Alzate, Sophie Lebourgeois, Maria Del Carmen Gonzalez-Marin, Mickaël Naassila
Binge drinking (BD) is often defined as a large amount of alcohol consumed in a 'short' period of time or 'per occasion'. In clinical research, few researchers have included the notion of 'speed of drinking' in the definition of BD. Here, we aimed to describe a novel pre-clinical model based on voluntary operant BD, which included both the quantity of alcohol and the rapidity of consumption. In adult Long-Evans male rats, we induced BD by regularly decreasing the duration of ethanol self-administration from 1-hour to 15-minute sessions...
June 4, 2018: Addiction Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29859012/effects-of-cannabidiol-plus-naltrexone-on-motivation-and-ethanol-consumption
#8
Adrián Viudez-Martínez, María S García-Gutiérrez, Ana Isabel Fraguas-Sánchez, Ana Isabel Torres-Suárez, Jorge Manzanares
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: The aim of this study was to explore if the administration of naltrexone (NTX) together with cannabidiol (CBD) may improve the efficacy in reducing alcohol consumption and motivation rather than any of the drugs given separately. EXPERIMENTAL APPROACH: The effects of low doses of NTX (0.7 mg/kg; p.o.) and/or CBD (20 mg/kg/day; s.c.) on ethanol consumption and motivation to drink were evaluated in the oral-ethanol self-administration paradigm in C57BL/6 mice...
June 2, 2018: British Journal of Pharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29804510/two-faced-morality-distrust-promotes-divergent-moral-standards-for-the-self-versus-others
#9
Alexa Weiss, Pascal Burgmer, Thomas Mussweiler
People do not trust hypocrites, because they preach water, but drink wine. The current research shows that, ironically, when we distrust, we become moral hypocrites ourselves. We argue that experiencing distrust alerts us to the possibility that others may intent to exploit us, and that such looming exploitation differentially affects moral standards for the self versus others. Four studies ( N = 1,225) examined this possibility and its underlying motivational dynamic. Study 1 established a relationship between dispositional distrust and flexible, self-serving moral cognition...
May 1, 2018: Personality & Social Psychology Bulletin
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29802367/differences-in-the-subjective-and-motivational-properties-of-alcohol-across-alcohol-use-severity-application-of-a-novel-translational-human-laboratory-paradigm
#10
Spencer Bujarski, J David Jentsch, Daniel J O Roche, Vijay A Ramchandani, Karen Miotto, Lara A Ray
The Allostatic Model proposes that Alcohol Use Disorder (AUD) is associated with a transition in the motivational structure of alcohol drinking: from positive reinforcement in early-stage drinking to negative reinforcement in late-stage dependence. However, direct empirical support for this preclinical model from human experiments is limited. This study tests predictions derived from the Allostatic Model in humans. Specifically, this study tested whether alcohol use severity (1) independently predicts subjective responses to alcohol (SR; comprised of stimulation/hedonia, negative affect, sedation and craving domains), and alcohol self-administration and 2) moderates associations between domains of SR and alcohol self-administration...
May 8, 2018: Neuropsychopharmacology: Official Publication of the American College of Neuropsychopharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29792294/training-working-memory-in-adolescents-using-serious-game-elements-pilot-randomized-controlled-trial
#11
Wouter J Boendermaker, Thomas E Gladwin, Margot Peeters, Pier J M Prins, Reinout W Wiers
BACKGROUND: Working memory capacity has been found to be impaired in adolescents with various psychological problems, such as addictive behaviors. Training of working memory capacity can lead to significant behavioral improvements, but it is usually long and tedious, taxing participants' motivation to train. OBJECTIVE: This study aimed to evaluate whether adding game elements to the training could help improve adolescents' motivation to train while improving cognition...
May 23, 2018: JMIR Serious Games
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29788961/relationships-among-medication-adherence-lifestyle-modification-and-health-related-quality-of-life-in-patients-with-acute-myocardial-infarction-a-cross-sectional-study
#12
Yu-Mi Lee, Rock Bum Kim, Hey Jean Lee, Keonyeop Kim, Min-Ho Shin, Hyeung-Keun Park, Soon-Ki Ahn, So Young Kim, Young-Hoon Lee, Byoung-Gwon Kim, Heeyoung Lee, Won Kyung Lee, Kun Sei Lee, Mi-Ji Kim, Ki-Soo Park
BACKGROUND: The healthy adherer effect is a phenomenon in which patients who adhere to medical therapies tend to pursue health-seeking behaviors. Although the healthy adherer effect is supposed to affect health outcomes in patients with coronary artery disease, evaluation of its presence and extent is not easy. This study aimed to assess the relationship between medication adherence and lifestyle modifications and health-related quality of life among post-acute myocardial infarction (AMI) patients...
May 22, 2018: Health and Quality of Life Outcomes
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29783223/-rational-nutrition-as-a-prerequisite-for-eliminating-the-risk-of-overweight-public-opinion-and-practice
#13
Natalia O Ryngach, Marina B Scherbinina, Tatiana M Shevchenko, Victoria M Gladun, Volodymyr I Sarychev
OBJECTIVE: Introduction: The awareness of the working-age population regarding the principles of a healthy lifestyle and risk factors of diseases is analyzed. Aim: To identify and characterize the level of awareness of the working-age population regarding the essence of a healthy lifestyle and risk factors (with a focus on irrational nutrition and its consequences). PATIENTS AND METHODS: Materials and methods: In the sociological study (2017), on request of Dnipropetrovsk regional state administration, methods of deep (N20) and personalized formal interviews (N2000) were used according to a specially developed methodology of qualitative and quantitative research stages and data collection tools...
2018: Wiadomości Lekarskie: Organ Polskiego Towarzystwa Lekarskiego
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29773982/training-rats-using-water-rewards-without-water-restriction
#14
Pamela Reinagel
High-throughput behavioral training of rodents has been a transformative development for systems neuroscience. Water or food restriction is typically required to motivate task engagement. We hypothesized a gap between physiological water need and hedonic water satiety that could be leveraged to train rats for water rewards without water restriction. We show that when Citric Acid (CA) is added to water, female rats drink less, yet consume enough to maintain long term health. With 24 h/day access to a visual task with water rewards, rats with ad lib CA water performed 84% ± 18% as many trials as in the same task under water restriction...
2018: Frontiers in Behavioral Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29771559/body-mass-index-across-adolescence-and-substance-use-problems-in-early-adulthood
#15
Ashley N Gearhardt, Rebecca Waller, Jennifer M Jester, Luke W Hyde, Robert A Zucker
Excessive substance use and obesity are underpinned by a number of shared risk factors (e.g., reward dysfunction, impulsivity). Food and drugs of abuse engage similar reward-related neural circuitry and the food-drug competition hypothesis proposes that excess consumption of food may diminish desire for drugs of abuse by competing for neural receptors associated with reward and motivation. Adolescence is a high-risk period for both increased substance use and excessive weight gain. In the present study, the authors tested whether, consistent with the food-drug competition hypothesis, elevated body mass index (BMI) across adolescence predicted fewer substance use problems in young adulthood...
May 2018: Psychology of Addictive Behaviors: Journal of the Society of Psychologists in Addictive Behaviors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29771544/the-effects-of-alcohol-on-positive-emotion-during-a-comedy-routine-a-facial-coding-analysis
#16
Michael A Sayette, Kasey G Creswell, Catharine E Fairbairn, John D Dimoff, Katlin Bentley, Talya Lazerus
There is considerable interest in understanding the emotional effects of alcohol. While a great deal of experimental research has focused on alcohol's ability to relieve negative emotions, there has been far less focus on the effects of alcohol on positive emotions. Further, the available research on positive emotion tends to test alcohol while participants are alone. Yet alcohol is often consumed in social settings, and enhancing social pleasure is consistently identified as being a primary motive for drinking...
May 17, 2018: Emotion
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29756291/mediation-of-time-perspectives-on-inclinations-to-use-alcohol-and-motivation-to-change-relationship
#17
Vincent Wagner, Didier Acier, Jean-Eric Dietlin
OBJECTIVES: Trajectories of change accompanying alcohol-specialized care can be affected by numerous variables. Massive urges to drink can substantially hamper personal motivation to change. However, time perspective could also play an indirect role in this association. This research explores whether time perspectives mediates the relationship between inclinations to use or not to use alcohol and patients' motivation to change. DESIGN: The sample included 150 outpatients in care for their problematic alcohol use...
May 13, 2018: Journal of Clinical Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29750362/brief-motivational-intervention-for-underage-young-adult-drinkers-results-from-a-randomized-clinical-trial
#18
Suzanne M Colby, Lindsay Orchowski, Molly Magill, James G Murphy, Linda A Brazil, Timothy R Apodaca, Christopher W Kahler, Nancy P Barnett
BACKGROUND: While there is a substantial literature on the efficacy of brief motivational intervention (BMI) for college student drinkers, research has focused less on young adults who do not attend a four-year college, despite their elevated risk for excessive alcohol use and associated harmful consequences. METHODS: This randomized controlled trial (NCT01546025) compared the efficacy of BMI to a time-matched attention control intervention (Relaxation Training; REL) for reducing alcohol consumption and related negative consequences in an underage young adult sample...
May 11, 2018: Alcoholism, Clinical and Experimental Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29747344/-effects-and-the-associated-factors-of-the-2016-china-motivational-healthy-walking-program-among-occupational-population
#19
W Jiang, Y F Zhao, X Z Yang, Y C Li, Z X Li, L H Wang
Objective: To examine the effects and associated factors of the China Motivational Healthy Walking Program among occupational population. Methods: The 2016 China Motivational Healthy Walking Program recruited 29 224 participants from 139 demonstration areas for comprehensive prevention and control of chronic and non-communicable disease at national level and 70 at provincial level. Intervention on walking was carried out by adopting group and individual motivating measures. Walking steps were recorded by electronic pedometer...
May 6, 2018: Zhonghua Yu Fang Yi Xue za Zhi [Chinese Journal of Preventive Medicine]
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29740329/mechanisms-underlying-the-risk-to-develop-drug-addiction-insights-from-studies-in-drosophila-melanogaster
#20
REVIEW
Julia Ryvkin, Assa Bentzur, Shir Zer-Krispil, Galit Shohat-Ophir
The ability to adapt to environmental changes is an essential feature of biological systems, achieved in animals by a coordinated crosstalk between neuronal and hormonal programs that allow rapid and integrated organismal responses. Reward systems play a key role in mediating this adaptation by reinforcing behaviors that enhance immediate survival, such as eating or drinking, or those that ensure long-term survival, such as sexual behavior or caring for offspring. Drugs of abuse co-opt neuronal and molecular pathways that mediate natural rewards, which under certain circumstances can lead to addiction...
2018: Frontiers in Physiology
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