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Drinking motives

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28092186/under-the-influence-of-facebook-excess-use-of-social-networking-sites-and-drinking-motives-consequences-and-attitudes-in-college-students
#1
Julia M Hormes
Background and aims Excessive use of social networking sites (SNS) has recently been conceptualized as a behavioral addiction (i.e., "disordered SNS use") using key criteria for the diagnosis of substance dependence and shown to be associated with a variety of impairments in psychosocial functioning, including an increased risk of problem drinking. This study sought to characterize associations between "disordered SNS use" and attitudes towards alcohol, drinking motives, and adverse consequences resulting from alcohol use in young adults...
March 2016: Journal of Behavioral Addictions
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28080096/emotion-dysregulation-explains-associations-between-anxiety-sensitivity-and-hazardous-drinking-and-drinking-motives-among-adult-treatment-seeking-smokers
#2
Daniel J Paulus, Jaclyn Valadka, Michael S Businelle, Matthew W Gallagher, Andres G Viana, Norman B Schmidt, Michael J Zvolensky
Smoking and drinking frequently co-occur. For example, alcohol use is associated with smoking lapses during quit attempts. However, little is known regarding psychological factors explaining drinking among smokers. Anxiety sensitivity is a risk factor associated with hazardous drinking and drinking to cope and/or conform, although little is known about mechanisms underlying such associations. One potential explanatory factor is emotion dysregulation. The current study examined emotion dysregulation as an explanatory factor underlying Anxiety Sensitivity and 5 alcohol-related outcomes: hazardous drinking, alcohol consumption, alcohol problems, coping-oriented drinking, and drinking to conform...
January 12, 2017: Psychology of Addictive Behaviors: Journal of the Society of Psychologists in Addictive Behaviors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28073047/examining-cognitive-examining-cognitive-processes-and-drinking-urge-in-ptsd
#3
Jennifer P Read, Rachel L Bachrach, Jeffrey D Wardell, Scott F Coffey
Despite their centrality to learning theories, strikingly little attention has been paid to the role of cognitions in efforts to understand associations between posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) and alcohol drinking. In the present study, we sought to examine information processing pathways for trauma and alcohol information, and the effects of posttraumatic stress and trauma cue exposure on these pathways. Participants were college students (N = 232; 49% female; Mage = 19.56,SD = 1.44) categorized into three diagnostic groups based on current PTSD status determined by structured clinical interview...
December 24, 2016: Behaviour Research and Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28068978/effectiveness-of-the-yourcall%C3%A2-text-message-intervention-to-reduce-harmful-drinking-in-patients-discharged-from-trauma-wards-protocol-for-a-randomised-controlled-trial
#4
Shanthi Ameratunga, Bridget Kool, Sarah Sharpe, Papaarangi Reid, Arier Lee, Ian Civil, Gordon Smith, Vanessa Thornton, Matthew Walker, Robyn Whittaker
BACKGROUND: Behavioural brief interventions (BI) can support people to reduce harmful drinking but multiple barriers impede the delivery and equitable access to these. To address this challenge, we developed YourCall™, a novel short message service (SMS) text message intervention incorporating BI principles. This protocol describes a trial evaluating the effectiveness of YourCall™ (compared to usual care) in reducing hazardous drinking and alcohol related harm among injured adults who received in-patient care...
January 9, 2017: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28068111/drinking-motives-mediate-the-relationship-between-alcohol-reward-value-and-alcohol-problems-in-military-veterans
#5
Ashley A Dennhardt, James G Murphy, Meghan E McDevitt-Murphy, Joah L Williams
Elevated alcohol reward value (RV) has been linked to higher levels of drinking and alcohol-related consequences, and there is evidence that specific drinking motives may mediate the relationship between demand and problematic alcohol use in college students, making these variables potentially important indicators of risk for high RV and alcohol problems. The present study evaluated these relationships in a high-risk sample of military veterans. Heavy-drinking (N = 68) veterans of Operations Enduring Freedom or Iraqi Freedom (OEF/OIF) completed the alcohol purchase task (APT) measure of alcohol demand (RV), and standard assessments of alcohol consumption, alcohol-related problems, and drinking motives...
December 2016: Psychology of Addictive Behaviors: Journal of the Society of Psychologists in Addictive Behaviors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28063599/-risk-factors-and-psychological-vulnerabilities-to-binge-drinking-in-youth
#6
E De Wever, V Quaglino
For years, a large number of studies have demonstrated the harmful effects of alcohol consumption on the brain and therefore on behavior and cognition. These studies first aimed at identifying the consequences of alcohol abuse consumption, more specifically in pathologies such as alcohol-dependence or Korsakoff syndrome. Researchers then also started to focus on vulnerabilities to alcohol consumption, especially in hyper fast alcohol consumption called binge-drinking (BD). Indeed BD, which is a particularly dangerous form of alcohol consumption, is usually observed in adolescents and young adults...
January 4, 2017: L'Encéphale
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28062899/bibi-ergo-sum-the-effects-of-a-placebo-and-contextual-alcohol-cues-on-motivation-to-drink-alcohol
#7
Paul Christiansen, Gareth Townsend, Graeme Knibb, Matt Field
RATIONALE: Acute 'priming' doses of alcohol reliably increase alcohol-seeking behaviour in social drinkers. However, the effects of the anticipated (rather than pharmacological) effects of alcohol, and their interaction with contextual alcohol cues, are not well understood. OBJECTIVES: This study aims to determine the extent to which an alcohol-placebo drink increases craving, subjective intoxication and beer consumption, while conjointly investigating the impact of contextual alcohol cues...
January 7, 2017: Psychopharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28045764/implementation-and-quality-improvement-of-a-screening-and-counseling-program-for-unhealthy-alcohol-use-in-an-academic-general-internal-medicine-practice
#8
Daniel E Jonas, Thomas Miller, Shana Ratner, Brooke McGuirt, Carol E Golin, Catherine Grodensky, Emily Sturkie, Jennifer Kinley, Maureen Dale, Michael Pignone
Unhealthy alcohol use is the third leading cause of preventable death in the United States. The U.S. Preventive Services Task Force (USPSTF) recommends screening for unhealthy alcohol use but little is known about how best to do so. We used quality improvement techniques to implement a systematic approach to screening and counseling primary care patients for unhealthy alcohol use. Components included use of validated screening and assessment instruments; an evidence-based two-visit counseling intervention using motivational interviewing techniques for those with risky drinking behaviors who did not have an alcohol use disorder (AUD); shared decision making about treatment options for those with an AUD; support materials for providers and patients; and training in motivational interviewing for faculty and residents...
January 2017: Journal for Healthcare Quality: Official Publication of the National Association for Healthcare Quality
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28038363/relationship-of-nicotine-deprivation-and-indices-of-alcohol-use-behavior-to-implicit-alcohol-and-cigarette-approach-cognitions-in-smokers
#9
Amy Cohn, Sarah Ehlke, Caroline O Cobb
Alcohol and smoking frequently co-occur and alcohol is a primary trigger for smoking behavior and relapse back to smoking. This study examined whether several indices of alcohol use behavior and consequences of use would be associated with changes in implicit alcohol-approach versus implicit cigarette-approach cognitions under cigarette deprived and non-deprived cognitions in 109 smokers who drank at risky or non-risky levels. An Implicit Association Task (IAT) measured how quickly respondents paired alcohol and cigarette pictures with approach and avoid words...
December 9, 2016: Addictive Behaviors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28032801/blackouts-among-male-and-female-youth-seeking-emergency-department-care
#10
Diana M Voloshyna, Erin E Bonar, Rebecca M Cunningham, Mark A Ilgen, Frederic C Blow, Maureen A Walton
BACKGROUND: Alcohol-related blackouts are a common consequence of heavy drinking, and these blackouts pose risk for injury and other adverse health outcomes. OBJECTIVE: To examine the prevalence and correlates of blackouts among underage drinkers. METHODS: Youth (ages 14-20) presenting to a suburban Emergency Department (ED) completed screening surveys. Among those reporting past-year alcohol consumption, we examined past 3-month blackouts in relation to: background characteristics (e...
December 29, 2016: American Journal of Drug and Alcohol Abuse
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28031315/pooled-analysis-of-active-cigarette-smoking-and-invasive-breast-cancer-risk-in-14-cohort-studies
#11
Mia M Gaudet, Brian D Carter, Louise A Brinton, Roni T Falk, Inger T Gram, Juhua Luo, Roger L Milne, Sarah J Nyante, Elisabete Weiderpass, Laura E Beane Freeman, Dale P Sandler, Kim Robien, Kristin E Anderson, Graham G Giles, Wendy Y Chen, Diane Feskanich, Tonje Braaten, Claudine Isaacs, Lesley M Butler, Woon-Puay Koh, Alicja Wolk, Hans-Olov Adami, Emily White, Karen L Margolis, Michael J Thun, Susan M Gapstur
BACKGROUND: The 2014 US Surgeon General's report noted research gaps necessary to determine a causal relationship between active cigarette smoking and invasive breast cancer risk, including the role of alcohol consumption, timing of exposure, modification by menopausal status and heterogeneity by oestrogen receptor (ER) status. METHODS: To address these issues, we pooled data from 14 cohort studies contributing 934 681 participants (36 060 invasive breast cancer cases)...
December 28, 2016: International Journal of Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28029173/a-randomized-trial-evaluating-whether-topiramate-aids-smoking-cessation-and-prevents-alcohol-relapse-in-recovering-alcohol-dependent-men
#12
Robert M Anthenelli, Jaimee L Heffner, Esther Wong, Jessie Tibbs, Katie Russell, Melodie Isgro, Elizabeth Dinh, Chris Wehrle, Matthew J Worley, Neal Doran
BACKGROUND: Alcohol and nicotine dependence frequently co-occur, and quitting smoking might enhance long-term alcohol abstinence. Topiramate appears to help non-alcohol-dependent individuals quit smoking, and our pilot work suggested efficacy only in men. It also prevents relapse to alcohol in recently detoxified alcoholics. We evaluated topiramate in abstinent alcohol-dependent men to assess whether this medication (i) promotes smoking cessation and (ii) prevents alcohol and other drug relapse in the context of smoking cessation treatment...
December 28, 2016: Alcoholism, Clinical and Experimental Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28026987/the-relationship-between-perceived-hookup-attitudes-and-negative-hookup-consequences-do-perceived-attitudes-of-close-friends-matter
#13
Kevin S Montes, Lyzette Blanco, Joseph W LaBrie
Research suggests that the perceived hookup attitudes of close referents are generally a poor predictor of hookup behavior and likely a poor direct predictor of negative hookup consequences. The current study aimed to examine three intervening variables as mediators of the relationship between the perceived hookup attitudes of college students' close friends and negative hookup consequences (e.g., regret, embarrassment). Self-report data were collected from 589 heavy-drinking college students from three midsized universities...
December 27, 2016: Journal of Sex Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27997832/thirst
#14
David E Leib, Christopher A Zimmerman, Zachary A Knight
Our bodies are mostly water, and this water is constantly being lost through evaporative and other means. Thus the evolution of robust mechanisms for finding and consuming water has been critical for the survival of most animals. In this Primer, we discuss how the brain monitors the water content of the body and then transforms that physical information into the motivation to drink.
December 19, 2016: Current Biology: CB
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27978426/pnf-2-0-initial-evidence-that-gamification-can-increase-the-efficacy-of-brief-web-based-personalized-normative-feedback-alcohol-interventions
#15
Sarah C Boyle, Andrew M Earle, Joseph W LaBrie, Daniel J Smith
Gamified interventions exploit the motivational characteristics of a game in order to provide prevention information and promote behavior change. Despite the modest effect sizes observed in increasingly popular web-based personalized normative feedback (PNF) alcohol interventions for college students, previous research has yet to consider how gamification might be used to enhance efficacy. This study examines whether a novel, gamified PNF intervention format, which includes a point-based reward system, the element of chance, and personal icons to visually represent users, is more effective in reducing short-term alcohol use than the standard web-based style of PNF currently used on college campuses...
December 2, 2016: Addictive Behaviors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27977251/difficulties-translating-research-on-forensic-interview-practices-to-practitioners-finding-water-leading-horses-but-can-we-get-them-to-drink
#16
Michael E Lamb
Over the last 3 decades, researchers have elucidated the cognitive and motivational conditions that affect the capacity and willingness of young alleged victims to describe their experiences to forensic interviewers. Applied researchers have also studied the contents and features of training programs designed to help interviewers take advantage of the research on developmentally appropriate interviewing. The latter studies have highlighted a knowledge transfer problem-scientists understand best-practice techniques well, many interviewers believe that they both understand and employ those practices, but widespread training has had a limited impact on the actual quality of interviews conducted in the field...
November 2016: American Psychologist
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27976922/texting-under-the-influence-emotional-regulation-as-a-moderator-of-the-association-between-binge-drinking-and-drunk-texting
#17
Leora Trub, Tyrel J Starks
Texting and alcohol have each been noted to increase perceptions of control, decrease behavioral inhibition, and modulate unpleasant emotions. While drunk texting is a well-known cultural phenomenon, it has received almost no attention in research. In a sample of 211 young adult women, and using a new measure to operationalize drunk texting, difficulty accessing strategies during moments of distress moderated the relationship between binge drinking and drunk texting. Difficulties accessing emotion regulation strategies were associated with drunk texting among those who reported binge drinking...
January 2017: Cyberpsychology, Behavior and Social Networking
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27936818/do-brief-motivational-interventions-reduce-drinking-game-frequency-in-mandated-students-an-analysis-of-data-from-two-randomized-controlled-trials
#18
Anne C Fernandez, Ali M Yurasek, Jennifer E Merrill, Mary Beth Miller, Byron L Zamboanga, Kate B Carey, Brian Borsari
College students frequently engage in drinking games (DGs) and experience a variety of consequences as a result. It is currently unknown whether brief motivational interventions (BMIs) that provide feedback on DG participation can reduce this high risk behavior. This study examined outcome data from 2 randomized clinical trials to examine whether BMIs facilitate change in DG frequency and how these changes may occur. Mandated college students (Trial 1, N = 198, 46% female; Trial 2, N = 412; 32% female) were randomized to BMI or comparison control conditions...
December 12, 2016: Psychology of Addictive Behaviors: Journal of the Society of Psychologists in Addictive Behaviors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27936374/testing-a-matching-hypothesis-for-emerging-adults-in-project-match-during-treatment-and-one-year-outcomes
#19
Jordan P Davis, Brandon G Bergman, Douglas C Smith, John F Kelly
OBJECTIVE: Compared with older adults, emerging adults (18-29 years old) entering treatment typically have less severe alcohol use consequences. Also, their unique clinical presentations (e.g., modest initial abstinence motivation) and developmental contexts (e.g., drinking-rich social networks) may make a straightforward implementation of treatments developed for adults less effective. Yet, this has seldom been examined empirically. This study was a secondary analysis of Project MATCH (Matching Alcoholism Treatments to Client Heterogeneity) data examining (a) overall differences between emerging adults and older adults (≥30 years old) on outcomes during treatment and at 1-year follow-up, and (b) whether emerging adults had poorer outcomes on any of the three Project MATCH treatments in particular...
January 2017: Journal of Studies on Alcohol and Drugs
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27935726/automatic-avoidance-tendencies-for-alcohol-cues-predict-drinking-after-detoxification-treatment-in-alcohol-dependence
#20
Matt Field, Lisa Di Lemma, Paul Christiansen, Joanne Dickson
Alcohol dependence is characterized by conflict between approach and avoidance motivational orientations for alcohol that operate in automatic and controlled processes. This article describes the first study to investigate the predictive validity of these motivational orientations for relapse to drinking after discharge from alcohol detoxification treatment in alcohol-dependent patients. One hundred twenty alcohol-dependent patients who were nearing the end of inpatient detoxification treatment completed measures of self-reported (Approach and Avoidance of Alcohol Questionnaire; AAAQ) and automatic (modified Stimulus-Response Compatibility task) approach and avoidance motivational orientations for alcohol...
December 1, 2016: Psychology of Addictive Behaviors: Journal of the Society of Psychologists in Addictive Behaviors
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