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Drinking motives

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28514963/patient-centered-primary-care-for-adults-at-high-risk-for-auds-the-choosing-healthier-drinking-options-in-primary-care-choice-trial
#1
Katharine A Bradley, Evette Joy Ludman, Laura J Chavez, Jennifer F Bobb, Susan J Ruedebusch, Carol E Achtmeyer, Joseph O Merrill, Andrew J Saxon, Ryan M Caldeiro, Diane M Greenberg, Amy K Lee, Julie E Richards, Rachel M Thomas, Theresa E Matson, Emily C Williams, Eric Hawkins, Gwen Lapham, Daniel R Kivlahan
BACKGROUND: Most patients with alcohol use disorders (AUDs) never receive alcohol treatment, and experts have recommended management of AUDs in primary care. The Choosing Healthier Drinking Options In primary CarE (CHOICE) trial was a randomized controlled effectiveness trial of a novel intervention for primary care patients at high risk for AUDs. This report describes the conceptual and scientific foundation of the CHOICE model of care, critical elements of the CHOICE trial design consistent with the Template for Intervention Description and Replication (TIDieR), results of recruitment, and baseline characteristics of the enrolled sample...
May 17, 2017: Addiction Science & Clinical Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28511698/using-a-mobile-health-application-to-reduce-alcohol-consumption-a-mixed-methods-evaluation-of-the-drinkaware-track-calculate-units-application
#2
Sophie Attwood, Hannah Parke, John Larsen, Katie L Morton
BACKGROUND: Smartphone applications ("apps") offer promise as tools to help people monitor and reduce their alcohol consumption. To date, few evaluations of alcohol reduction apps exist, with even fewer considering apps already available to the public. The aim of this study was to evaluate an existing publically available app, designed by Drinkaware, a UK-based alcohol awareness charity. METHODS: We adopted a mixed-methods design, analysing routinely collected app usage data to explore user characteristics and patterns of usage...
May 17, 2017: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28508723/drinking-high-amounts-of-alcohol-as-a-short-term-mating-strategy-the-impact-of-short-term-mating-motivations-on-young-adults-drinking-behavior
#3
Eveline Vincke
Previous research indicates that drinking large quantities of alcohol could function as a short-term mating strategy for young adults in mating situations. However, no study investigated whether this is actually the case. Therefore, in this article, the link between short-term mating motivations and drinking high amounts of alcohol is tested. First, a survey study ( N = 345) confirmed that young adults who engage in binge drinking are more short-term oriented in their mating strategy than young adults who never engage in binge drinking...
April 2017: Evolutionary Psychology: An International Journal of Evolutionary Approaches to Psychology and Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28501394/-changes-in-hazardous-drinking-in-spanish-adolescent-population-in-the-last-decade-2004-2013-using-a-quantitative-and-qualitative-design
#4
Alejandro Pérez-Milena, Manuel de Dios Redondo-Olmedilla, María Luz Martínez-Fernández, Idoia Jiménez-Pulido, Inmaculada Mesa-Gallardo, Francisco Javier Leal-Helmling
OBJECTIVE: To determine the changes in hazardous drinking in adolescents in the last decade, as well as their motivations and experiences. DESIGN: Firstly, a descriptive design using a self-report questionnaire, and secondly an explanatory qualitative design, with video recordings of discussion groups with content analysis (coding, triangulation of categories and verification of results). SETTING AND PARTICIPANTS: Pupils from an urban High School, administering a questionnaire every 3 years from 2004 to 2013...
May 10, 2017: Atencion Primaria
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28500907/in-the-process-of-drinking-to-cope-among-college-students-an-examination-of-specific-vs-global-coping-motives-for-depression-and-anxiety-symptoms
#5
Adrian J Bravo, Matthew R Pearson
The present study sought to address an issue in the drinking to cope (DTC) motives literature, namely the inconsistent application of treating DTC motives as a single construct and splitting it into DTC-depression and DTC-anxiety motives. Specifically, we aimed to determine if the effects of anxiety and depression on alcohol-related problems are best explained via their associations with DTC with specific affects or via their associations with a more global measure of DTC by testing four distinct models: the effects of anxiety/depression on alcohol-related problems mediated by DTC-anxiety only (Model 1), these effects mediated by DTC-depression only (Model 2), these effects mediated by a combined, global DTC factor (Model 3), and these effects mediated by both DTC-anxiety and DTC-depression (Model 4)...
May 2, 2017: Addictive Behaviors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28487187/temporary-removal-a-randomized-trial-of-motivational-interviewing-for-the-prevention-of-underage-drinking-in-american-indian-adolescents
#6
David A Gilder, Jennifer R Geisler, Juan A Luna, Daniel Calac, Peter M Monti, Nichea S Spillane, Juliet P Lee, Roland S Moore, Cindy L Ehlers
The publisher regrets that this article has been temporarily removed. A replacement will appear as soon as possible in which the reason for the removal of the article will be specified, or the article will be reinstated. The full Elsevier Policy on Article Withdrawal can be found at https://www.elsevier.com/about/our-business/policies/article-withdrawal.
April 23, 2017: Journal of Substance Abuse Treatment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28476264/a-pilot-study-of-online-feedback-for-adult-drinkers-50-and-older-feasibility-efficacy-and-preferences-for-intervention
#7
Alexis N Kuerbis, Lisa Hail, Alison A Moore, Frederick J Muench
Normative (NF) and personalized feedback (PF) are moderately effective brief interventions for at-risk drinking middle-aged and older adults. This study tested the feasibility of online feedback for drinkers 50 and older. This study's aims were to identify whether there is differential effectiveness of PF over NF in prompting drinkers 50years old and older to plan for change and to determine potential preferences for intervention among adult drinkers 50 and older with practical knowledge about computers. METHOD: Using Amazon's Mechanical Turk, 138 male and female drinkers aged 50 to 75+ were recruited to complete an online survey that asked about their: perceptions of their drinking, quantity and frequency of drinking, and any comorbid health and/or mental health disorders/medications...
June 2017: Journal of Substance Abuse Treatment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28469018/pleasure-junkies-all-around-why-it-matters-and-why-the-arts-might-be-the-answer-a-biopsychological-perspective
#8
Julia F Christensen
Today's society is pleasure seeking. We expect to obtain pleasurable experiences fast and easily. We are used to hyper-palatable foods and drinks, and we can get pornography, games and gadgets whenever we want them. THE PROBLEM: with this type of pleasure-maximizing choice behaviour we may be turning ourselves into mindless pleasure junkies, handing over our free will for the next dopamine shoot. Pleasure-only activities are fun. In excess, however, such activities might have negative effects on our biopsychological health: they provoke a change in the neural mechanisms underlying choice behaviour...
May 17, 2017: Proceedings. Biological Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28467154/how-do-people-who-frequently-attend-emergency-departments-for-alcohol-related-reasons-use-view-and-experience-specialist-addiction-services
#9
Thomas Parkman, Joanne Neale, Ed Day, Colin Drummond
BACKGROUND: People who frequently attend emergency departments (EDs) for alcohol-related reasons, cost health systems greatly. Although specialist addiction services may be more appropriate for their needs, drinkers often experience barriers accessing specialist alcohol-related support. OBJECTIVES: This study explores how people who frequently attend EDs for alcohol-related reasons use, view, and experience specialist addiction services. METHODS: We conducted semi-structured interviews with 30 individuals recruited from six EDs across London, United Kingdom...
May 3, 2017: Substance Use & Misuse
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28450882/oral-%C3%AE-hydroxybutyrate-increases-ketonemia-decreases-visceral-adipocyte-volume-and-improves-serum-lipid-profile-in-wistar-rats
#10
Rennan de Oliveira Caminhotto, Ayumi Cristina Medeiros Komino, Flaviane de Fatima Silva, Sandra Andreotti, Rogério Antônio Laurato Sertié, Gabriela Boltes Reis, Fabio Bessa Lima
BACKGROUND: Ketosis can be induced in humans and in animals by fasting or dietary interventions, such as ketogenic diets. However, the increasing interest on the ketogenic state has motivated the development of alternative approaches to rapidly increase ketonemia using less drastic interventions. Here, it was tested whether oral intake of a β-hydroxybutyrate (βHB) mineral salt mixture could increase ketonemia in Wistar rats without any other dietary changes, thereby being a useful model to study ketones effects alone on metabolism...
2017: Nutrition & Metabolism
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28447335/positive-alcohol-expectancies-mediate-associations-between-adhd-behaviors-and-alcohol-related-problems-among-college-students
#11
Alexis Elmore, Molly Nikolas, Will Canu
An increasing percentage of college students report being affected by ADHD behaviors, and this population is at increased risk of experiencing negative consequences associated with alcohol consumption. However, specific factors motivating alcohol consumption and contributing to negative outcomes among these individuals are not well understood. Recent work suggests alcohol expectancies may interact with ADHD behaviors to influence negative drinking-related outcomes among those with elevated inattention and/or hyperactivity-impulsivity...
April 26, 2017: Attention Deficit and Hyperactivity Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28431971/influence-of-stress-associated-with-chronic-alcohol-exposure-on-drinking
#12
REVIEW
Howard C Becker
Stress is commonly regarded as an important trigger for relapse and a significant factor that promotes increased motivation to drink in some individuals. However, the relationship between stress and alcohol is complex, likely changing in form during the transition from early moderated alcohol use to more heavy uncontrolled alcohol intake. A growing body of evidence indicates that prolonged excessive alcohol consumption serves as a potent stressor, producing persistent dysregulation of brain reward and stress systems beyond normal homeostatic limits...
April 18, 2017: Neuropharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28428186/features-of-alcohol-harm-reduction-advertisements-that-most-motivate-reduced-drinking-among-adults-an-advertisement-response-study
#13
Melanie A Wakefield, Emily Brennan, Kimberley Dunstone, Sarah J Durkin, Helen G Dixon, Simone Pettigrew, Michael D Slater
OBJECTIVES: To improve the effectiveness of alcohol harm reduction mass media campaigns, this study aimed to (1) identify existing advertisements (ads) with greatest potential to motivate reduced alcohol consumption, (2) assess consistency across audience subgroups in ad effectiveness and (3) identify ad features associated with effectiveness. DESIGN: Cross-sectional online ad response study with random assignment to view ads. PARTICIPANTS: 2174 Australian adult weekly drinkers recruited from an online panel...
April 20, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28426322/formative-research-to-design-a-promotional-campaign-to-increase-drinking-water-among-central-american-latino-youth-in-an-urban-area
#14
Nicole Barrett, Uriyoán Colón-Ramos, Allison Elkins, Ivonne Rivera, W Douglas Evans, Mark Edberg
Latinos consume more sugary drinks and less water than other demographic groups. Our objective was to understand beverage choice motivations and test promotional concepts that can encourage Central American Latino urban youth to drink more water. Two rounds of focus group discussions were conducted (n = 10 focus groups, 61 participants, 6-18 years old). Data were transcribed verbatim and analyzed using inductive and deductive coding approaches. Youth motivations for drinking water were shaped by level of thirst, weather, energy, and perceptions of health benefits...
April 20, 2017: Journal of Health Communication
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28420969/acquisition-maintenance-and-relapse-like-alcohol-drinking-lessons-from-the-uchb-rat-line
#15
REVIEW
Yedy Israel, Eduardo Karahanian, Fernando Ezquer, Paola Morales, Marcelo Ezquer, Mario Rivera-Meza, Mario Herrera-Marschitz, María E Quintanilla
This review article addresses the biological factors that influence: (i) the acquisition of alcohol intake; (ii) the maintenance of chronic alcohol intake; and (iii) alcohol relapse-like drinking behavior in animals bred for their high-ethanol intake. Data from several rat strains/lines strongly suggest that catalase-mediated brain oxidation of ethanol into acetaldehyde is an absolute requirement (up 80%-95%) for rats to display ethanol's reinforcing effects and to initiate chronic ethanol intake. Acetaldehyde binds non-enzymatically to dopamine forming salsolinol, a compound that is self-administered...
2017: Frontiers in Behavioral Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28419649/a-paradigm-for-examining-stress-effects-on-alcohol-motivated-behaviors-in-participants-with-alcohol-use-disorder
#16
Mary E McCaul, Gary S Wand, Elise M Weerts, Xiaoqiang Xu
Although epidemiological research has shown an increase in drinking following stressors and trauma, limited paradigms have been validated to study the relationship between stress and drinking in the human laboratory. The current study developed a progressive ratio (PR) operant procedure to examine the effects of psychosocial stress on alcohol craving and several alcohol-motivated behaviors in persons with alcohol use disorder. Current heavy, nontreatment-seeking drinkers (N = 30) were media-recruited and completed a comprehensive assessment of recent drinking, mood and health...
April 17, 2017: Addiction Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28414474/abstinence-based-incentives-plus-parent-training-for-adolescent-alcohol-and-other-substance-misuse
#17
Catherine Stanger, Emily A Scherer, Steven F Babbin, Stacy R Ryan, Alan J Budney
The purpose of this study was to conduct a randomized test of clinic- and home-based incentives plus parent training for adolescent problem alcohol use. Adolescents (N = 75) with alcohol misuse, with or without other substance misuse, were enrolled. All youth received individual Motivational Enhancement Therapy/Cognitive Behavior Therapy and weekly urine drug testing. The experimental condition (EXP) included Abstinence Incentives (clinic-based incentives for abstinence from all substances) plus weekly behavioral parent training that included a parent-delivered, abstinence-based, substance monitoring contract...
April 17, 2017: Psychology of Addictive Behaviors: Journal of the Society of Psychologists in Addictive Behaviors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28413697/acute-ethanol-exposure-during-late-mouse-neurodevelopment-results-in-long-term-deficits-in-memory-retrieval-but-not-in-social-responsiveness
#18
Katherine Houlé, Myshake Abdi, Erin B D Clabough
OBJECTIVE: Prenatal alcohol exposure can result in neurological changes in affected individuals and may result in the emergence of a broad spectrum of neurobehavioral abnormalities termed fetal alcohol spectrum disorders (FASD). The effects of ethanol exposure during development are both time and dose dependent. Although many animal models of FASD use more chronic ethanol exposure, acute developmental alcohol exposure may also cause long-lasting neuronal changes. Our research employed behavioral measures to assess the effects of a single early postnatal ethanol intoxication event in mice...
April 2017: Brain and Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28412835/validation-of-a-seven-factor-structure-for-the-motives-for-playing-drinking-games-measure
#19
Byron L Zamboanga, Shannon Audley, Janine V Olthuis, Heidemarie Blumenthal, Cara C Tomaso, Ngoc Bui, Brian Borsari
Playing drinking games can be characterized as a high-risk drinking activity because games are typically designed to promote heavy alcohol consumption. While research suggests that young adults are motivated to play drinking games for a variety of reasons (e.g., for thrills/fun, for the competition), the Motives for Playing Drinking Games measure has received limited empirical attention. We examined the psychometric properties of this measure with a confirmation sample of young adults recruited from Amazon's MTurk ( N = 1,809, ages 18-25 years, 47% men; 41% not currently enrolled in college) and a validation sample of college students ( N = 671; ages 18-23 years; 26% men)...
April 1, 2017: Assessment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28412302/who-benefits-from-computer-based-brief-alcohol-intervention-day-to-day-drinking-patterns-as-a-moderator-of-intervention-efficacy
#20
Sophie Baumann, Beate Gaertner, Katja Haberecht, Gallus Bischof, Ulrich John, Jennis Freyer-Adam
OBJECTIVE: to test if people with different day-to-day drinking patterns benefitted differently from two brief alcohol interventions (BAIs). METHODS: A total of 1243 job-seekers with at-risk alcohol use aged 18-64 years (64% men) were randomized to (a) intervention tailored to the motivational stage (ST), (b) non-stage tailored intervention (NST), or (c) assessment only (AO). ST and NST contained individualized computer-generated feedback letters. Follow-ups were conducted at months 3, 6, and 15...
March 31, 2017: Drug and Alcohol Dependence
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