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Drinking motives

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28742413/association-of-current-and-lifetime-dsm-iv-drug-use-disorder-diagnoses-to-6-month-changes-in-smoking-behavior-in-risky-drinking-smokers-a-pilot-study
#1
Amy Cohn, Sarah Ehlke
BACKGROUND: Alcohol and other drug use disorders co-occur with cigarette smoking and negatively impact cessation outcomes. OBJECTIVES: This study examined the differential effects of current and lifetime DSM-IV drug diagnoses on the 6-month smoking outcomes of 84 untreated heavy drinking smokers who were motivated to quit smoking in the next 6-months. METHODS: Generalized estimating equations (GEE) assessed changes in nicotine dependence, readiness to quit smoking, and prevalence of heavy smoking from baseline to 6-months as a function of time, baseline drinking severity, and drug diagnosis...
July 25, 2017: Substance Use & Misuse
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28735038/perceived-academic-benefit-is-associated-with-nonmedical-prescription-stimulant-use-among-college-students
#2
Amelia M Arria, Irene M Geisner, M Dolores Cimini, Jason R Kilmer, Kimberly M Caldeira, Angelica L Barrall, Kathryn B Vincent, Nicole Fossos-Wong, Jih-Cheng Yeh, Isaac Rhew, Christine M Lee, Geetha A Subramaniam, David Liu, Mary E Larimer
INTRODUCTION: College students are at higher than average risk for nonmedical use of prescription stimulants (NPS). A commonly identified motive among students who engage in NPS is to improve grades. Several research studies have observed that NPS most likely does not confer an academic advantage, and is associated with excessive drinking and other drug use. This study documents the proportion of the general college student population who believe that NPS will lead to improvements in academic performance...
July 14, 2017: Addictive Behaviors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28734354/determination-of-aqueous-antibiotic-solutions-using-sers-nanogratings
#3
Koh Yiin Hong, Carlos Diego Lima de Albuquerque, Ronei J Poppi, Alexandre G Brolo
The emergence of antibiotics and their active metabolites in aquatic ecosystem has motivated the development of sensitive and reliable sensors to monitor traces of antibiotics and metabolites in drinking water sources (i.e. surface water). The surface enhanced Raman scattering (SERS) technique, which is widely recognized as a high sensitivity method for molecular vibrational detection, is potentially a powerful tool for trace environmental contamination analysis. The main goal of this work is to demonstrate pharmaceutical and metabolite multiplexing detection using the SERS approach...
August 22, 2017: Analytica Chimica Acta
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28734154/reducing-alcohol-consumption-to-minimize-weight-gain-and-facilitate-smoking-cessation-among-military-beneficiaries
#4
Mark B Sobell, Alan L Peterson, Linda Carter Sobell, Antoinette Brundige, Christopher M Hunter, Christine M Hunter, Jeffrey L Goodie, Sangeeta Agrawal, Ann S Hrysko-Mullen, William C Isler
INTRODUCTION: Smoking cessation-related weight gain can have significant negative health and career consequences for military personnel. Alcohol reduction combined with smoking cessation may decrease weight gain and relapse. METHOD: A randomized clinical trial of military beneficiaries compared a standard smoking cessation (i.e., brief informational) intervention (N=159), with a brief motivational smoking cessation intervention that emphasized reduced drinking to lessen caloric intake and minimize weight gain (N=158)...
June 30, 2017: Addictive Behaviors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28732758/effects-of-narrator-empathy-in-a-computer-delivered-brief-intervention-for-alcohol-use
#5
Jennifer D Ellis, Emily R Grekin, Jessica R Beatty, Lucy McGoron, Benjamin V LaLiberte, Damaris E Pop, Anthony P Kostecki, Steven J Ondersma
Computer-delivered, brief interventions (CDBIs) have been an increasingly popular way to treat alcohol use disorders; however, very few studies have examined which characteristics of CDBIs maximize intervention effectiveness. The literature has consistently demonstrated that therapist empathy is associated with reduced substance use in in-person therapy; however, it is unclear whether this principle applies to CDBIs. Therefore, the study aimed to examine whether the presence of an empathic narrator increased intentions to reduce heavy drinking in a CDBI...
July 18, 2017: Contemporary Clinical Trials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28732317/cross-lagged-relations-between-motives-and-substance-use-can-use-strengthen-your-motivation-over-time
#6
Christine A Lee, Karen J Derefinko, Heather A Davis, Richard Milich, Donald R Lynam
Motives for substance use have garnered considerable attention due to the strong predictive utility of this construct, both in terms of use and problems associated with use. The current study examined the cross-lagged relations between alcohol use and motives, and marijuana use and motives over three yearly assessment periods in a large sample (N=526, 48% male) of college students. The relations between substance use and motives were assessed at each time point, allowing for the examination of these inter-relations over time...
June 28, 2017: Drug and Alcohol Dependence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28731564/alcohol-related-knowledge-and-alcohol-related-norms-in-four-to-six-year-olds-evidence-from-the-dutch-electronic-appropriate-beverage-task
#7
Carmen Voogt, Roy Otten, Marloes Kleinjan, Rutger Engels, Emmanuel Kuntsche
BACKGROUND: Limited research is available on children's alcohol-related knowledge and alcohol-related norms, yet a better comprehension of these factors may be crucial in explaining alcohol use later in life. This study provides insights into alcohol-related knowledge and alcohol-related norms in four- to six-year-olds. METHODS: Participating children (N=329; 48.9% boys) were shown, on a tablet, 18 drawings depicting 72 male and female adults and/or children in various situations and were asked to indicate what the depicted persons drank by touching one of 12 depicted beverages (four alcoholic; eight non-alcoholic)...
July 21, 2017: Alcoholism, Clinical and Experimental Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28730130/nutritional-counseling-for-obese-children-with-obesity-related-metabolic-abnormalities-in-korea
#8
REVIEW
Ki Soo Kang
Child obesity has become a significant health issue in Korea. Prevalence of obesity in school-age children in Korea has been alarmingly rising since 2008. Prevalence of obesity among infants and preschool-age children in Korea has doubled since 2008. Obese children may develop serious health complications. Before nutritional counseling is pursued, several points should be initially considered. The points are modifiable risk factors, assessment for child obesity, and principles of treatment. Motivational interviewing and a multidisciplinary team approach are key principles to consider in managing child obesity effectively in the short-term as well as long-term...
June 2017: Pediatric Gastroenterology, Hepatology & Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28727514/similarity-in-romantic-couples-drinking-motivations-and-drinking-behaviours
#9
Ivy-Lee L Kehayes, Sean P Mackinnon, Simon B Sherry, Kenneth E Leonard, Sherry H Stewart
BACKGROUND: Research suggests enhancement, conformity, social, coping-with-anxiety, and coping-with-depression drinking motives are linked to specific drinking outcomes in a theoretically-expected manner. Social learning theory suggests people who spend more time together emulate each other's behaviour to acquire reinforcing outcomes. The present study sought to integrate drinking motives theory and social learning theory to investigate similarity in drinking behaviours and drinking motives in romantic couples...
July 20, 2017: Substance Abuse
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28726469/the-unintended-effects-of-providing-risk-information-about-drinking-and-driving
#10
Mark B Johnson, Catalina E Kopetz
OBJECTIVE: Alcohol-impaired driving remains a serious public health concern despite the fact that drinking and driving risks are widely disseminated and well understood by the public. This research examines the motivational conditions under which providing risk information can exacerbate rather than decrease potential drinking drivers' willingness to drive while impaired. METHOD: In a hypothetical drinking and driving scenario, 3 studies investigated participants' self-reported likelihood of drinking and driving as a function of (a) accessibility of information regarding risk associated with drinking and driving, (b) motivation to drive, and (c) need for cognitive closure (NFC)...
July 20, 2017: Health Psychology: Official Journal of the Division of Health Psychology, American Psychological Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28723267/effects-of-drinker-self-schema-on-drinking-and-smoking-related-information-processing-and-behaviors
#11
Chia-Kuei Lee, Karen F Stein, Colleen Corte
BACKGROUND: Co-occurrence of drinking and smoking is prevalent in undergraduate students. A drinker self-schema - cognition about the self as the drinker - is a common identity in undergraduates and a well-known predictor of drinking behaviors. Given that smoking commonly occurs in the context of drinking, a drinker self-schema may be a cognitive mechanism to motivate co-occurring alcohol and tobacco use (i.e., cross-substance facilitation hypothesis). This study was to determine whether the drinker self-schema influences the processing of drinking- and smoking-related information and facilitates the co-occurrence of alcohol and tobacco use in undergraduate students who drink and smoke but do not self-identify as smokers...
July 19, 2017: Substance Abuse
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28722217/personal-and-situational-predictors-of-everyday-snacking-an-application-of-temporal-self-regulation-theory
#12
Katherine G Elliston, Stuart G Ferguson, Benjamin Schüz
OBJECTIVES: This study aims at testing predictions derived from temporal self-regulation theory (TST) in relation to discretionary food choices (snacks). TST combines a motivational sphere of influence (cognitions and temporal valuations resulting in intentions) with a momentary sphere (encompassing social and physical environmental cues). This dual approach differs from current health behaviour theories, but can potentially improve our understanding of the interplay of personal and environmental factors in health behaviour self-regulation...
July 19, 2017: British Journal of Health Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28721480/intermittent-and-daily-smokers-subjective-responses-to-smoking
#13
Saul Shiffman, Lauren Terhorst
RATIONALE: One third of US smokers are intermittent smokers (ITS) who do not smoke daily. Unlike daily smokers (DS), whose smoking is negatively reinforced by withdrawal relief, ITS may be motivated by immediate positive reinforcement. In contrast, incentive salience theory posits hypothesis that "liking" of drug effects fades in established users, such as DS. OBJECTIVE: This study aims to compare ITS' and DS' hedonic responses to smoking. METHODS: Participants were 109 ITS (smoking 4-27 days/month) and 52 DS (smoking daily 5-25 cigarettes/day), aged ≥21, smoking ≥3 years, and not quitting smoking...
July 18, 2017: Psychopharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28720369/metabolic-work-up-of-patients-with-urolithiasis-indications-and-diagnostic-algorithm
#14
REVIEW
Hans-Göran Tiselius, Michel Daudon, Kay Thomas, Christian Seitz
CONTEXT: The incidence of urinary tract stone disease is increasing and the risk of recurrent stone formation is high. Appropriate therapeutic procedures with the aim of counteracting the progress of stone formation are highly desirable. Metabolic work-up is considered essential as a base for optimal design and follow-up of effective recurrence prevention. OBJECTIVE: To scrutinize the current literature with regard to principles of metabolic work-up for this heterogeneous group of patients...
February 2017: European Urology Focus
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28715698/acculturative-stress-as-a-moderator-of-the-effect-of-drinking-motives-on-alcohol-use-and-problems-among-young-adults
#15
Bridgid Mariko Conn, Kida Ejesi, Dawn W Foster
BACKGROUND: Research has demonstrated a strong relationship between drinking motives and alcohol use among young adult populations. Further, there is substantial evidence of the association between psychosocial stressors and greater alcohol consumption. In the present study, we examined whether acculturative stress would moderate the relationship between major drinking motives and alcohol use behaviors and alcohol-related problems, and whether this relationship differs by racial/ethnic group...
June 30, 2017: Addictive Behaviors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28709959/reciprocal-relationships-between-emotion-regulation-and-motives-for-eating-palatable-foods-in-african-american-adolescents
#16
Catheryn A Orihuela, Sylvie Mrug, Mary M Boggiano
This study examines possible bidirectional relationships between emotion regulation and motives related to consuming palatable foods during adolescence. Participants included 79 adolescents (96% African American) who took part in Waves 2 and 3 of the Coping with Violence Study. The youth were recruited from four public middle schools serving low income, urban communities in Birmingham, AL. Participants completed self-report measures of emotion regulation and indicated different motives for consuming tasty foods and drinks at both waves...
July 11, 2017: Appetite
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28708096/characterization-of-non-nutritive-sweetener-intake-in-rural-southwest-virginian-adults-living-in-a-health-disparate-region
#17
Valisa E Hedrick, Erin M Passaro, Brenda M Davy, Wen You, Jamie M Zoellner
Few data assessing non-nutritive sweetener (NNS) intake are available, especially within rural, health-disparate populations, where obesity and related co-morbidities are prevalent. The objective of this study is to characterize NNS intake for this population and examine the variance in demographics, cardio-metabolic outcomes, and dietary intake between NNS consumers and non-consumers. A cross-sectional sample (n = 301) of Virginian adults from a randomized controlled trial (data collected from 2012 to 2014) targeting sugar-sweetened beverage (SSB) intake completed three 24-h dietary recalls, and demographics and cardio-metabolic measures were assessed...
July 14, 2017: Nutrients
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28708010/the-cost-of-minority-stress-risky-alcohol-use-and-coping-motivated-drinking-behavior-in-african-american-college-students
#18
Delishia M Pittman, Jessica J Brooks, Paramjit Kaur, Ezemenari M Obasi
A motivational drinking framework is utilized to understand the relationship between minority stressors (e.g., race-related stress and acculturative stress) and alcohol use behaviors (risky alcohol use and coping-motivated drinking) among a large sample of Black American college students. Six hundred forty-nine Black college students from 8 colleges and universities in the United States were recruited as part of a large, multiwave, cross-sectional study investigating the stress and coping experiences of Black emerging adults...
July 14, 2017: Journal of Ethnicity in Substance Abuse
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28704267/effect-of-a-brief-motivational-intervention-in-reducing-alcohol-consumption-in-the-emergency-department-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#19
Cristina Diaz Gomez, Marcus Ngantcha, Nathalie Le Garjean, Nadine Brouard, Muriel Lasbleiz, Mathieu Perennes, François J Kerdiles, Caroline Le Lan, Romain Moirand, Abdelouahab Bellou
BACKGROUND: Introduction to alcohol consumption early in life increases the risk of alcohol dependency and hence motivational interventions are needed in young patients visiting the emergency department (ED). AIM: This study aims to investigate the efficacy of a brief motivational intervention in reducing alcohol consumption among young ED patients. PATIENTS AND METHODS: This was a blind randomized controlled trial with follow-up at 3 months...
July 12, 2017: European Journal of Emergency Medicine: Official Journal of the European Society for Emergency Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28699663/posttraumatic-stress-symptoms-and-alcohol-related-outcomes-among-municipal-firefighters
#20
Joe Tomaka, Dejan Magoc, Stormy M Morales-Monks, Anabel C Reyes
This study examined levels of posttraumatic stress symptoms (PTSS) and relationships between PTSS and alcohol-related outcomes in a near census of municipal firefighters. The study also assessed substance-use coping and drinking to cope as potential mediators of such outcomes. Firefighters (N = 740) completed measures that assessed PTSS, alcohol risk behaviors, alcohol problems, drinking motives, and coping with stress. Results showed that 32.4% of firefighters reported significant levels of PTSS using National Center for PTSD (2014) screening cutoff scores...
July 12, 2017: Journal of Traumatic Stress
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