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Drinking motives

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29457317/effects-of-alcohol-intoxication-on-self-reported-drinking-patterns-expectancies-motives-and-personality-a-randomized-controlled-experimental-study
#1
Sören Kuitunen-Paul, Elisabeth Obst, Ruth Schmidt, Christian Sommer, Paula T Kuitunen, Hans-Ulrich Wittchen, Ulrich S Zimmermann
Alcohol intoxication may affect self-reports of alcohol use and related constructs, such as impulsivity and dependence symptoms. Improved knowledge about potential systematic reporting biases induced by alcohol, e.g. through disinhibition, may be relevant for the assessment of intoxicated individuals both in clinical routine and research. We therefore randomly assigned 54 socially drinking males aged 18 to 19 without lifetime diagnosis of DSM-IV alcohol dependence to one of two experimental arms: either placebo infusion at day 1 and alcohol infusion at day 2, or vice versa...
February 19, 2018: Addiction Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29450895/a-test-of-multi-session-automatic-action-tendency-retraining-to-reduce-alcohol-consumption-among-young-adults-in-the-context-of-a-human-laboratory-paradigm
#2
Robert F Leeman, Christine Nogueira, Reinout W Wiers, Janna Cousijn, Kelly Serafini, Kelly S DeMartini, John A Bargh, Stephanie S O'Malley
BACKGROUND: Young adult heavy drinking is an important public health concern. Current interventions have efficacy but with only modest effects, thus novel interventions are needed. In prior studies, heavy drinkers, including young adults, have demonstrated stronger automatically triggered approach tendencies to alcohol-related stimuli than lighter drinkers. Automatic action tendency retraining has been developed to correct this tendency and consequently reduce alcohol consumption. The current study is the first to test multiple iterations of automatic action tendency retraining, followed by laboratory alcohol self-administration...
February 16, 2018: Alcoholism, Clinical and Experimental Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29450249/towards-an-understanding-of-self-directed-language-as-a-mechanism-of-behavior-change-a-novel-strategy-for-eliciting-client-language-under-laboratory-conditions
#3
Benjamin O Ladd, Tracey A Garcia, Kristen G Anderson
Introduction: Change talk (CT) and sustain talk (ST) are thought to reflect underlying motivation and be important mechanisms of behavior change (MOBCs). However, greater specificity and experimental rigor is needed to establish CT and ST as MOBCs. Testing the effects of self-directed language under laboratory conditions is one promising avenue. The current study presents a replication and extension of research examining the feasibility for using simulation tasks to elicit self-directed language...
June 2018: Addictive Behaviors Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29450221/drinking-game-participation-gender-performance-and-normalization-of-intoxication-among-nigerian-university-students
#4
Emeka Dumbili, Clare Williams
Background: Most research on drinking games (DGs) and the associated risks focuses on Western countries. In the Nigerian context, DGs activity has not attracted scholarly attention but growing media reports indicate that Nigerian youths play DGs, and that a number of gamers have died during or immediately after game-playing. Methods: Drawing on gender performance scripts, we explored the performance of gender through DGs practices and the factors that motivate DGs participation...
June 2017: Addictive Behaviors Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29449185/association-of-coffee-consumption-and-non-motor-symptoms-in-drug-na%C3%A3-ve-early-stage-parkinson-s-disease
#5
Bang-Hoon Cho, Seong-Min Choi, Joon-Tae Kim, Byeong C Kim
OBJECTIVE: Coffee consumption has an inverse association with the risk of Parkinson's disease (PD). The aim of this study was to investigate the association between coffee consumption and non-motor symptoms (NMSs) in patients with PD. METHODS: In this cross-sectional study, we included 196 early-stage, treatment-naïve PD patients. Coffee consumption history was obtained via semi-structured interviews. NMSs were assessed using the Non-Motor Symptom assessment scale (NMSS)...
February 9, 2018: Parkinsonism & related Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29447601/examining-the-influence-of-gender-and-sexual-motivation-in-college-hookups
#6
Jessica A Blayney, Melissa A Lewis, Debra Kaysen, Jennifer P Read
OBJECTIVE: Hooking up is common in college, and has been linked to heavy drinking. Hookups have positive as well as negative consequences, and thus the motivations for hooking up are complex. Yet, little research has focused on these motivations. The present study examined the role that gender and drinking patterns play in the relationship between sexual motivation and penetrative hookups. PARTICIPANTS: Heavy drinking college students (N = 396) completed online surveys between September/October 2009...
February 15, 2018: Journal of American College Health: J of ACH
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29444647/exposure-to-revised-drinking-guidelines-and-com-b-determinants-of-behaviour-change-descriptive-analysis-of-a-monthly-cross-sectional-survey-in-england
#7
Abigail K Stevely, Penny Buykx, Jamie Brown, Emma Beard, Susan Michie, Petra S Meier, John Holmes
BACKGROUND: January 2016 saw the publication of proposed revisions to the UK's lower risk drinking guidelines but no sustained promotional activity. This paper aims to explore the impact of publishing guidelines without sustained promotional activity on reported guideline exposure and determinants of behaviour (capability, opportunity and motivation) proposed by the COM-B model. METHODS: Data were collected by a monthly repeat cross-sectional survey of adults (18+) resident in England over 15 months between November 2015 and January 2017 from a total of 16,779 drinkers, as part of the Alcohol Toolkit Study...
February 14, 2018: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29438886/the-influence-of-motives-on-alcohol-and-sex-related-behaviors-among-female-college-students
#8
Brittany E Blanchard, Angela K Stevens, Ileana S Acosta, Amelia E Talley, Jennifer L Brown, Andrew K Littlefield
PURPOSE: Although previous studies have elucidated associations between motivations for drinking and sex as they relate to risky health outcomes among female college students, the utility of cross-domain motives (i.e., alcohol motives predicting sex-related outcomes and vice versa) in the prediction of specific alcohol- and sex-related behaviors has yet to be examined. The current study examined relations between drinking and sex motives with multiple risky alcohol- and sex-related outcomes (i...
February 6, 2018: Drug and Alcohol Dependence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29428708/surface-water-flooding-groundwater-contamination-and-enteric-disease-in-developed-countries-a-scoping-review-of-connections-and%C3%A2-consequences
#9
REVIEW
L Andrade, J O'Dwyer, E O'Neill, P Hynds
Significant volumes of research over the past four decades has sought to elucidate the social, infrastructural, economic, and human health effects of climate change induced surface flooding. To date, epidemiological and public health studies of flooding events have focused on mental health effects, vector-borne diseases, and infectious enteric disease due to floodwater contact (i.e. typically low consumption rates). The inherent nature of groundwater (i.e. out of sight, out of mind) and the widely held belief that aquifers represent a pristine source of drinking water due to natural attenuation may represent the "perfect storm" causing direct consumption of relatively large volumes of surface flood-contaminated groundwater...
February 8, 2018: Environmental Pollution
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29427080/amphetamine-primes-enhanced-motivation-toward-uncertain-choices-in-rats-with-genetic-alcohol-preference
#10
Ville Oinio, Mikko Sundström, Pia Bäckström, Johanna Uhari-Väänänen, Kalervo Kiianmaa, Atso Raasmaja, Petteri Piepponen
RATIONALE: Comorbidity with gambling disorder (GD) and alcohol use disorder (AUD) is well documented. OBJECTIVE: The purpose of our study was to examine the influence of genetic alcohol drinking tendency on reward-guided decision making behavior of rats and the impact of dopamine releaser D-amphetamine on this behavior. METHODS: In this study, Alko alcohol (AA) and Wistar rats went through long periods of operant lever pressing training where the task was to choose the profitable of two options...
February 9, 2018: Psychopharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29418049/effectiveness-of-a-specialized-brief-intervention-for-at-risk-drinkers-in-an-emergency-department-short-term-results-of-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#11
Pol Bruguera, Pablo Barrio, Clara Oliveras, Fleur Braddick, Carolina Gavotti, Carla Bruguera, Hugo López-Pelayo, Laia Miquel, Lídia Segura, Joan Colom, Lluisa Ortega, Eduard Vieta, Antoni Gual
BACKGROUND AND AIMS: SBIRT programmes (Screening Brief Intervention and Referral to Treatment) have been developed, evaluated and shown to be effective, particularly in primary care and general practice. Nevertheless, effectiveness of SBIRT in emergency departments (ED) has not been clearly established. We aimed to evaluate the feasibility and efficacy of an SBIRT programme conducted by highly specialized professionals in the ED of a tertiary hospital. METHODS: We conducted a randomized controlled trial to study the feasibility and efficacy of an SBIRT programme conducted by alcohol specialists for at-risk drinkers presenting to the ED, measured with the AUDIT-C...
February 8, 2018: Academic Emergency Medicine: Official Journal of the Society for Academic Emergency Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29417616/alcohol-mixed-with-energy-drink-amed-a-critical-review-and-meta-analysis
#12
REVIEW
Joris C Verster, Sarah Benson, Sean J Johnson, Chris Alford, Samuel Benrejeb Godefroy, Andrew Scholey
The purpose of this systematic review and meta-analysis was to critically review the (1) prevalence of alcohol mixed with energy drink (AMED) consumption, (2) motives for AMED consumption, (3) correlates of AMED consumption, and (4) whether AMED consumption has an impact on (a) alcohol consumption, (b) subjective intoxication, and (c) risk-taking behavior. Overall a minority of the population consumes AMED, typically infrequently. Motives for AMED consumption are predominantly hedonistic and social. Meta-analyses revealed that AMED consumers drink significantly more alcohol than alcohol-only (AO) consumers...
February 8, 2018: Human Psychopharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29415857/exploration-of-treatment-matching-of-problem-drinker-characteristics-to-motivational-interviewing-and-non-directive-client-centered-psychotherapy
#13
Alexis Kuerbis, Jessica Houser, Svetlana Levak, Sijing Shao, Jon Morgenstern
Motivational Interviewing (MI) is a known effective intervention for alcohol use disorder (AUD). MI's mechanisms of action remain inconsistently substantiated, and research in this area has been reliant on identifying relationships through strength of association rather than experimental manipulation of active ingredients. In two previous studies, a pilot and a larger replication study, we disaggregated MI into its hypothesized active ingredients by creating three conditions: MI, Spirit Only MI (SOMI, in which evocation of change talk was proscribed), and a non-therapy condition (NTC)...
March 2018: Journal of Substance Abuse Treatment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29415424/a-role-for-exercise-in-attenuating-unhealthy-food-consumption-in-response-to-stress
#14
REVIEW
Shina Leow, Ben Jackson, Jacqueline A Alderson, Kym J Guelfi, James A Dimmock
It is well established that both acute and chronic stress can be detrimental to health and wellbeing by directly increasing the risk of several chronic diseases and related health problems. In addition, stress may contribute to ill-health indirectly via its downstream effects on individuals' health-related behaviour, such as promoting the intake of unhealthy palatable foods high in fat and sugar content. This paper reviews (a) the research literature on stress-models; (b) recent research investigating stress-induced eating and (c) the potential physiological and psychological pathways contributing to stress-induced eating...
February 6, 2018: Nutrients
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29413818/drunkorexia-among-adolescents-the-role-of-motivations-and-emotion-regulation
#15
Sara Pompili, Fiorenzo Laghi
BACKGROUND: The co-occurrence of disordered eating and alcohol use and misuse has frequently been highlighted in literature. METHOD: The first aim of the present study was to examine the association of drunkorexia with various disordered eating behaviors and alcohol consumption in a sample of male and female adolescents. The second goal was to investigate the motivations underlying drunkorexia and the third goal was to examine the relationship between drunkorexia and different dimensions of emotion regulation...
January 16, 2018: Eating Behaviors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29407688/in-pursuit-of-a-self-sustaining-college-alcohol-intervention-deploying-gamified-pnf-in-the-real-world
#16
Andrew M Earle, Joseph W LaBrie, Sarah C Boyle, Daniel Smith
Our recent work (Boyle, Earle, LaBrie, & Smith, 2017) showed that the efficacy of personalized normative feedback-based (PNF) college alcohol interventions can be improved through the addition of gamified elements including points, chance, competition, and personal avatars. However, participants in that study were compensated with subject pool credit. In the current study, we piloted an upgraded, smartphone-based version of the game, which was designed to be truly self-sustaining (i.e., engaging enough that students play voluntarily without the presence of external motivators)...
January 6, 2018: Addictive Behaviors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29407681/drinking-to-cope-mediates-the-relationship-between-depression-and-alcohol-risk-different-pathways-for-college-and-non-college-young-adults
#17
Shannon R Kenney, Bradley J Anderson, Michael D Stein
BACKGROUND: It is well-established that drinking to cope with negative affective states mediates the relationship between depressed mood and alcohol risk outcomes among college students. Whether non-college emerging adults exhibit a similar pathway remains unknown. In the current study, we compared the mediating role of coping motives in the relationship between depressive symptoms and drinking risk outcomes (heavy episodic drinking and alcohol problems) in college and non-college emerging adult subgroups...
February 1, 2018: Addictive Behaviors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29393722/neurotic-personality-traits-and-risk-for-adverse-alcohol-outcomes-chained-mediation-through-emotional-disorder-symptoms-and-drinking-to-cope
#18
A Chinneck, K Thompson, K S Dobson, H Stuart, M Teehan, S H Stewart
BACKGROUND: Rates of alcohol abuse are high on Canadian postsecondary campuses. Individual trait differences have been linked to indices of alcohol use/misuse, including neurotic traits like anxiety sensitivity (AS) and hopelessness (HOP). We know little, though, about how these traits confer vulnerability. AS and HOP are related to anxiety and depression, respectively, and to drinking to cope with symptoms of those disorders. Neurotic personality may therefore increase risk of alcohol use/abuse via (1) emotional disorder symptoms and/or (2) coping drinking motives...
February 2, 2018: Substance Use & Misuse
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29389212/negative-mood-induced-alcohol-seeking-is-greater-in-young-adults-who-report-depression-symptoms-drinking-to-cope-and-subjective-reactivity
#19
Lee Hogarth, Lorna Hardy, Amanda R Mathew, Brian Hitsman
Acute negative mood powerfully motivates alcohol-seeking behavior, but it remains unclear whether sensitivity to this effect is greater in drinkers who report depression symptoms, drinking to cope, and subjective reactivity. To examine these questions, 128 young adult alcohol drinkers (ages 18-25) completed questionnaires of alcohol use disorder symptoms, depression symptoms, and drinking to cope with negative affect. Baseline alcohol choice was measured by preference to enlarge alcohol versus food thumbnail images in two-alternative forced-choice trials...
February 1, 2018: Experimental and Clinical Psychopharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29382157/factors-associated-with-cigarette-smoking-and-motivation-to-quit-among-street-food-sellers-in-vietnam
#20
Xuan Thanh Thi Le, Lien Thi To, Huong Thi Le, Hanh Duc Hoang, Khanh Nam Do, Cuong Tat Nguyen, Bach Xuan Tran, Huyen Phuc Do, Luong Thanh Nguyen, Carl A Latkin, Melvyn W B Zhang, Roger C M Ho
Since 2013, smoke-free signs in public places, including in restaurants and food stores, have been introduced in Vietnam, aiming to prevent passive smoking. Although extensive research has been carried out on second-hand smoking among clients in public places (e.g., hospitals, restaurants) in Vietnam, no single study exists which captures the current practice of smoking among street food outlets. This study aims to estimate the prevalence of smoking and identify factors associated with smoking status and cessation motivation amongst food sellers in Vietnam...
January 29, 2018: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
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