keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

Drinking motives

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28324915/alcohol-related-blackouts-negative-alcohol-related-consequences-and-motivations-for-drinking-reported-by-newly-matriculating-transgender-college-students
#1
Larry A Tupler, Daniel Zapp, William DeJong, Maryam Ali, Sarah O'Rourke, John Looney, H Scott Swartzwelder
BACKGROUND: Many transgender college students struggle with identity formation and other emotional, social, and developmental challenges associated with emerging adulthood. A potential maladaptive coping strategy employed by such students is heavy drinking. Prior literature has suggested greater consumption and negative alcohol-related consequences (ARCs) in transgender students compared with their cisgender peers, but little is known about their differing experiences with alcohol-related blackouts (ARBs)...
March 21, 2017: Alcoholism, Clinical and Experimental Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28303699/conceptual-model-of-consumer%C3%A2-s-willingness-to-eat-functional-foods
#2
Ewa Babicz-Zielinska, Maria Jezewska-Zychowicz
Background: The functional foods constitute the important segment of the food market. Among factors that determine the intentions to eat functional foods, the psychological factors play very important roles. Motives, attitudes and personality are key factors. The relationships between socio-demographic characteristics, attitudes and willingness to purchase functional foods were not fully confirmed. Consumers’ beliefs about health benefits from eaten foods seem to be a strong determinant of a choice of functional foods...
2017: Roczniki Państwowego Zakładu Higieny
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28294436/purchases-by-heavier-drinking-young-people-concentrated-in-lower-priced-beverages-implications-for-policy
#3
Martin Wall, Sally Casswell, Li-Chia Yeh
INTRODUCTION AND AIMS: Alcohol is an increasingly important risk factor in the global burden of disease. The acute harms experienced and persistence of drinking patterns established in adolescence motivate investigating influences on youth drinking. The aim is to examine association between heavier drinking in young people and their choice of beverage type, purchase outlet and price. DESIGN AND METHODS: A nationally representative sample of New Zealand drinkers (N = 1056) aged 16-19 years recruited using random digit dialling was surveyed in 2012 as part of the International Alcohol Control study...
March 14, 2017: Drug and Alcohol Review
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28290303/how-will-better-products-improve-the-sensory-liking-and-willingness-to-buy-insect-based-foods
#4
Hui Shan Grace Tan, Yoeri Timothy Verbaan, Markus Stieger
Insects have been established to be a more sustainable alternative source of protein in comparison to conventional meats, but have little appeal to those who are unfamiliar with their taste. Yet little attention has been given to understanding how more appealing products could be developed, and whether that is sufficient to encourage consumption of a culturally unusual food. By evaluating appropriate (i.e. meatball) and inappropriate (i.e. dairy drink) mealworm products along with the original mealworm-free products, this study provided new insights into how the product influences sensory-liking and willingness to buy insect-based foods for trial and regular consumption...
February 2017: Food Research International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28287800/how-does-brief-motivational-intervention-change-heavy-drinking-and-harm-among-underage-young-adult-drinkers
#5
Molly Magill, Suzanne M Colby, Lindsay Orchowski, James G Murphy, Ariel Hoadley, Linda A Brazil, Nancy P Barnett
OBJECTIVE: This study tested mediating processes hypothesized to explain the therapeutic benefit of an efficacious motivational interview (MI). The constructs of interest were motivation to change, cognitive dissonance about current drinking, self-efficacy for change, perceived young adult drinking norms, future drinking intentions, and the use of protective behavioral strategies. METHOD: A randomized controlled trial compared the efficacy of a brief MI to a time- and attention-matched control of meditation and relaxation training for alcohol use...
March 13, 2017: Journal of Consulting and Clinical Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28286126/circadian-rhythms-of-hedonic-drinking-behavior-in-mice
#6
Claire Bainier, Maria Mateo, Marie-Paule Felder-Schmittbuhl, Jorge Mendoza
In mammals, the suprachiasmatic nucleus (SCN) of the hypothalamus is the site of the main circadian clock, synchronized by the light-dark cycle, which generates behavioral rhythms like feeding, drinking and activity. Notwithstanding, the main role of the SCN clock on the control of all circadian rhythms has been questioned due to the presence of clock activity in many brain areas, including those implicated in the regulation of feeding and reward. Moreover, whether circadian rhythms of particular motivated behaviors exist is unknown...
March 10, 2017: Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28274821/the-galanin-3-receptor-antagonist-snap-37889-suppresses-alcohol-drinking-and-morphine-self-administration-in-mice
#7
Karlene J Scheller, Spencer J Williams, Andrew J Lawrence, Elvan Djouma
The neuropeptide, galanin, is widely expressed in the central and peripheral nervous systems and is involved in a range of different functions including nociception, neurogenesis, hormone release, reproduction, cognitive function and appetite. Given the overlap between galanin expression and reward circuitry in the brain, galanin has been targeted for alcohol use disorder (AUD) and opioid dependency. Furthermore, the galanin-3 receptor (GAL3) specifically regulates emotional states and plays a role in motivation, reward and drug-seeking behaviour...
March 6, 2017: Neuropharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28270335/web-delivered-cbt-reduces-heavy-drinking-in-oef-oif-veterans-in-primary-care-with-symptomatic-substance-use-and-ptsd
#8
Michelle C Acosta, Kyle Possemato, Stephen A Maisto, Lisa A Marsch, Kimberly Barrie, Larry Lantinga, Chunki Fong, Haiyi Xie, Michael Grabinski, Andrew Rosenblum
Veterans from conflicts such as the wars in Iraq and Afghanistan commonly return with behavioral health problems, including posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) and hazardous or harmful substance use. Unfortunately, many veterans experience significant barriers to receiving evidence-based treatment, including poor treatment motivation, concerns about stigma, and lack of access to appropriate care. To address this need, the current study developed and evaluated a web-based self-management intervention based on cognitive behavioral therapy (CBT), targeting PTSD symptoms and hazardous substance use in a group of symptomatic combat veterans enrolled in VA primary care...
March 2017: Behavior Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28266120/prevention-and-control-of-dental-caries-and-periodontal-diseases-at-individual-and-population-level-consensus-report-of-group-3-of-joint-efp-orca-workshop-on-the-boundaries-between-caries-and-periodontal-diseases
#9
Søren Jepsen, Juan Blanco, Wolfgang Buchalla, Joana C Carvalho, Thomas Dietrich, Christof Dörfer, Kenneth A Eaton, Elena Figuero, Jo E Frencken, Filippo Graziani, Susan M Higham, Thomas Kocher, Marisa Maltz, Alberto Ortiz-Vigon, Julian Schmoeckel, Anton Sculean, Livia M A Tenuta, Monique H van der Veen, Vita Machiulskiene
BACKGROUND: The non-communicable diseases dental caries and periodontal diseases pose an enormous burden on mankind. The dental biofilm is a major biological determinant common to the development of both diseases, and they share common risk factors and social determinants, important for their prevention and control. The remit of this working group was to review the current state of knowledge on epidemiology, socio-behavioural aspects as well as plaque control with regard to dental caries and periodontal diseases...
March 2017: Journal of Clinical Periodontology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28251377/event-level-associations-among-drinking-motives-alcohol-consumption-and-condomless-anal-sex-in-a-sample-of-young-men-who-have-sex-with-men
#10
Brian A Feinstein, Michael E Newcomb
Young men who have sex with men (YMSM) are at increased risk for HIV and problematic alcohol use. Drinking motives are associated with alcohol use in cross-sectional studies, but their associations with alcohol use and condomless anal sex (CAS) at the event-level remain unclear. The current study examined these event-level associations in a sample of 189 YMSM who completed self-report measures on a daily or weekly basis for two months. Participants were recruited between August 2014 and April 2015 for a randomized trial designed to study behavioral reactivity in diary studies...
March 1, 2017: AIDS and Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28249958/brief-motivational-intervention-delivered-in-the-emergency-department-can-reduce-hazardous-drinking-and-risky-sexual-behaviour
#11
Kurt Dermen
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 1, 2017: Evidence-based Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28238070/attenuating-the-alcohol-allure-attentional-broadening-reduces-rapid-motivational-response-to-alcohol-pictures
#12
Nicole C Ryerson, Lauren B Neal, Philip A Gable
RATIONALE: Past research has found that exposure to alcohol cues causes a narrowing of attentional scope and enhances the neural responses associated with approach motivation. OBJECTIVE: The current research sought to determine if a manipulated broadened (global) attentional scope would reduce approach-motivated neural reactivity to alcohol pictures. METHODS: In the current study, participants (n = 82) were exposed to alcohol and neutral pictures following either a global or local attentional scope manipulation...
February 25, 2017: Psychopharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28212464/oxytocin-reduces-ethanol-self-administration-in-mice
#13
Courtney E King, William C Griffin, Lauryn N Luderman, Malcolm M Kates, Jacqueline F McGinty, Howard C Becker
BACKGROUND: Excessive ethanol consumption remains an important health concern and effective treatments are lacking. The central oxytocin system has emerged as a potentially important therapeutic target for alcohol and drug addiction. These studies tested the hypothesis that oxytocin reduces ethanol consumption. METHODS: Male C57BL/6J mice were given access to ethanol (20% v/v) using a model of binge-like drinking ("drinking-in-the-dark") that also included the use of lickometer circuits to evaluate the temporal pattern of intake as well as 2-bottle choice drinking in the home cage...
February 17, 2017: Alcoholism, Clinical and Experimental Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28190519/matrix-metalloproteinase-9-and-synaptic-plasticity-in-the-central-amygdala-in-control-of-alcohol-seeking-behavior
#14
Marzena Stefaniuk, Anna Beroun, Tomasz Lebitko, Olga Markina, Szymon Leski, Ksenia Meyza, Anna Grzywacz, Jerzy Samochowiec, Agnieszka Samochowiec, Kasia Radwanska, Leszek Kaczmarek
BACKGROUND: Dysfunction of the glutamatergic system has been implicated in alcohol addiction; however, the molecular underpinnings of this phenomenon are still poorly understood. In the current study we have investigated the possible function of matrix metalloproteinase-9 (MMP-9) in alcohol addiction because this protein has recently emerged as an important regulator of excitatory synaptic plasticity. METHODS: For long-term studies of alcohol drinking in mice we used IntelliCages...
January 5, 2017: Biological Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28187948/alcohol-drinking-during-adolescence-increases-consumptive-responses-to-alcohol-in-adulthood-in-wistar-rats
#15
Leslie R Amodeo, Diana Kneiber, Derek N Wills, Cindy L Ehlers
Binge drinking and the onset of alcohol-use disorders usually peak during the transition between late adolescence and early adulthood, and early adolescent onset of alcohol consumption has been demonstrated to increase the risk for alcohol dependence in adulthood. In the present study, we describe an animal model of early adolescent alcohol consumption where animals drink unsweetened and unflavored ethanol in high concentrations (20%). Using this model, we investigated the influence of drinking on alcohol-related appetitive behavior and alcohol consumption levels in early adulthood...
March 2017: Alcohol
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28170057/animal-models-of-drug-addiction
#16
María Pilar García Pardo, Concepción Roger Sánchez, José Enrique De la Rubia Ortí, María Asunción Aguilar Calpe
The development of animal models of drug reward and addiction is an essential factor for progress in understanding the biological basis of this disorder and for the identification of new therapeutic targets. Depending on the component of reward to be studied, one type of animal model or another may be used. There are models of reinforcement based on the primary hedonic effect produced by the consumption of the addictive substance, such as the self-administration (SA) and intracranial self-stimulation (ICSS) paradigms, and there are models based on the component of reward related to associative learning and cognitive ability to make predictions about obtaining reward in the future, such as the conditioned place preference (CPP) paradigm...
January 12, 2017: Adicciones
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28166486/drinking-motives-of-adult-patients-seeking-treatment-for-problematic-alcohol-use
#17
Anders Hammarberg, Caisa Öster, Christina Nehlin
INTRODUCTION: The Drinking Motives Questionnaire (DMQ) measures motives for alcohol consumption on four subscales. Coping with negative affect and enhancement of positive affect have been shown to be associated with high levels of alcohol consumption and alcohol-related problems. Few studies exist concerning drinking motives among treatment-seeking patients. The aims of the study were to investigate the factor structure of the shortened form of the revised DMQ (DMQ-R SF), map main drinking, explore group differences in motives due to sex, age, level of drinking problems and symptoms of depression/anxiety and to investigate whether different drinking motives predict alcohol-related problems in this group...
February 6, 2017: Journal of Addictive Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28161617/attentional-bias-to-alcohol-stimuli-predicts-elevated-cue-induced-craving-in-young-adult-social-drinkers
#18
Linda Manchery, Devorah E Yarmush, Peter Luehring-Jones, Joel Erblich
Considerable evidence has identified biased cognitive processing of alcohol-related stimuli as an important factor in the maintenance of alcohol-seeking and relapse among individuals suffering from alcohol use-disorders (AUDs). In addition, a large body of research has demonstrated that exposure to alcohol cues can elicit powerful alcohol cravings. Little is known, however, about the possible relationship between attentional bias and cue-induced cravings, and even less is known about these processes in social drinkers without a personal history of AUDs...
January 27, 2017: Addictive Behaviors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28161610/binging-at-the-campus-motivations-and-impulsivity-influence-binge-drinking-profiles-in-university-students
#19
Séverine Lannoy, Joël Billieux, Marie Poncin, Pierre Maurage
This study explored the involvement of two key psychological factors, drinking motives and impulsivity traits, in binge drinking. On the basis of a large screening phase (N=4424), 867 binge drinkers were selected and were first compared with 924 non-binge drinkers. Then, a cluster analysis was performed, focusing on the binge drinker sample, to explore the respective involvement of four drinking motives (DMQ-R model) and four impulsivity facets (UPPS model) in this habit. Centrally, the cluster analysis identified three clusters of binge drinkers presenting distinct psychological characteristics and alcohol consumption patterns: emotional, recreational, and hazardous binge drinkers...
January 26, 2017: Psychiatry Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28159647/alcohol-stress-and-glucocorticoids-from-risk-to-dependence-and-relapse-in-alcohol-use-disorders
#20
REVIEW
Sara K Blaine, Rajita Sinha
In this review, we detail the clinical evidence supporting the role of psychological and physiological stress in instrumental motivation for alcohol consumption during the development of mild to moderate alcohol use disorders (AUDs) and in the compulsive, habitual alcohol consumption seen in severe, chronic, relapsing AUDs. Traditionally, the study of AUDs has focused on the direct and indirect effects of alcohol on striatal dopaminergic pathways and their role in the reinforcing effects of alcohol. However, growing evidence also suggests that alcohol directly stimulates the hypothalamic pituitary adrenal (HPA) axis and has effects on glucocorticoid receptors in extrahypothalamic, limbic forebrain, and medial Prefrontal Cortex (PFC) circuits, which contribute to the development of AUDs and their progression in severity, chronicity, and relapse risk...
February 1, 2017: Neuropharmacology
keyword
keyword
28327
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"