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Guillaume Dubeaux, Julie Neveu, Enric Zelazny, Grégory Vert
Plant roots forage the soil for iron, the concentration of which can be dramatically lower than those needed for growth. Soil iron uptake uses the broad metal spectrum IRT1 transporter that also transports zinc, manganese, cobalt, and cadmium. Sophisticated iron-dependent transcriptional regulatory mechanisms allow plants to tightly control the abundance of IRT1, ensuring optimal absorption of iron. Here, we uncover that IRT1 acts as a transporter and receptor (transceptor), directly sensing excess of its non-iron metal substrates in the cytoplasm, to regulate its own degradation...
March 15, 2018: Molecular Cell
Ran Chen, Ying Lu, Zhiyong Jiang, Yongfeng Men
The poly(4-methyl-1-pentene) sample was used to investigate the cavitation induced stress-whitening phenomenon during stretching at different temperatures via the ultra-small-angle X-ray scattering technique. Two modes of cavitation were found that mode I cavitation activated around yield point followed by mode II cavitation generated in highly oriented state. The critical strain for initiating the mode II cavitation increases with the increase of stretching temperature whereas the critical stress grew steadily in the lower temperature regime (30~60oC) and reached a plateau at 70oC...
March 16, 2018: Journal of Physical Chemistry. B
Viacheslav Sorkin, Yong-Wei Zhang
Using density functional tight-binding method, we studied the mechanical properties, deformation and failure of armchair (AC) and zigzag (ZZ) phosphorene nanotubes (PNTs) with monovacancies and divacancies subjected to uniaxial tensile strain. We found that divacancies in AC PNTs and monovacancies in ZZ PNTs possess the lowest vacancy formation energy, which increases with the tube diameter in AC PNTs and decreases in ZZ PNTs. The Young's modulus is reduced, while the radial and thickness Poisson's ratios are increased by hosted vacancies...
March 16, 2018: Nanotechnology
Ruili Shi, Pengju Wang, Lingli Tang, Xiaoming Huang, Yonggang Chen, Yan Su, Jijun Zhao
Using a genetic algorithm incorporated in density functional theory, we explore the ground state structures of fluoride anion-water clusters F-(H2O)n with n = 1-10. The F-(H2O)n clusters prefer structures in which the F- anion remains at the surface of the structure and coordinates with four water molecules, as the F-(H2O)n clusters have strong F--H2O interactions as well as strong hydrogen bonds between H2O molecules. The strong interaction between the F- anion and adjacent H2O molecule leads to a longer O-H distance in the adjacent molecule than in an individual water molecule...
March 16, 2018: Journal of Physical Chemistry. A
Christopher L Jones, Derek G Kamper
Finger-thumb coordination is crucial to manual dexterity but remains incompletely understood, particularly following neurological injury such as stroke. While being controlled independently, the index finger and thumb especially must work in concert to perform a variety of tasks requiring lateral or palmar pinch. The impact of stroke on this functionally critical sensorimotor control during dynamic tasks has been largely unexplored. In this study, we explored finger-thumb coupling during close-open pinching motions in stroke survivors with chronic hemiparesis...
2018: Frontiers in Neurology
Amr Almaz Abdel-Aziem, Elsadat Saad Soliman, Dalia Mohammed Mosaad, Amira Hussin Draz
[Purpose] To examine the effect of physiotherapy rehabilitation program on moderate knee osteoarthritis in patients with different pain intensities. [Subjects and Methods] Sixty subjects (37 men and 23 women) with moderate knee osteoarthritis participated in the current study. Randomization software was used to select the participating subjects' numbers from the clinic records. They were classified into three groups according to pain intensity: mild, moderate, and severe pain groups. All groups underwent a standard set of pulsed electromagnetic field, ultrasound, stretching exercises, and strengthening exercises...
February 2018: Journal of Physical Therapy Science
Jae Hong Lee, Dong Ki Min, Han Seong Choe, Jin Hwan Lee, So Hong Shin
[Purpose] The purpose of this study was to evaluate the influence of arm and leg posture elements on symmetrical weight bearing during Sit to Stand tasks in chronic stroke patients. [Subjects and Methods] The subjects were diagnosed with stroke and 22 patients (15 males and 7 females) participated in this study. All participants performed Sit to Stand tasks on three foot postures and two arm postures. Two force plates were used to measure peak of vertical ground reaction force and symmetrical ratio to peak Fz...
February 2018: Journal of Physical Therapy Science
Sini M Kinnunen, Marja Tölli, Mika J Välimäki, Erhe Gao, Zoltan Szabo, Jaana Rysä, Mónica P A Ferreira, Pauli Ohukainen, Raisa Serpi, Alexandra Correia, Ermei Mäkilä, Jarno Salonen, Jouni Hirvonen, Hélder A Santos, Heikki Ruskoaho
Transcription factors are fundamental regulators of gene transcription, and many diseases, such as heart diseases, are associated with deregulation of transcriptional networks. In the adult heart, zinc-finger transcription factor GATA4 is a critical regulator of cardiac repair and remodelling. Previous studies also suggest that NKX2-5 plays function role as a cofactor of GATA4. We have recently reported the identification of small molecules that either inhibit or enhance the GATA4-NKX2-5 transcriptional synergy...
March 15, 2018: Scientific Reports
James R Thunes, Julie A Phillippi, Thomas G Gleason, David A Vorp, Spandan Maiti
High lethality of aortic dissection necessitates accurate predictive metrics for dissection risk assessment. The not infrequent incidence of dissection at aortic diameters <5.5 cm, the current threshold guideline for surgical intervention (Nishimura et al., 2014), indicates an unmet need for improved evidence-based risk stratification metrics. Meeting this need requires a fundamental understanding of the structural mechanisms responsible for dissection evolution within the vessel wall. We present a structural model of the repeating lamellar structure of the aortic media comprised of elastic lamellae and collagen fiber networks, the primary load-bearing components of the vessel wall...
February 8, 2018: Journal of Biomechanics
Michael J Willatt, Michele Ceriotti, Stuart C Althorpe
Matsubara dynamics is the quantum-Boltzmann-conserving classical dynamics which remains when real-time coherences are taken out of the exact quantum Liouvillian [T. J. H. Hele et al., J. Chem. Phys. 142, 134103 (2015)]; because of a phase-term, it cannot be used as a practical method without further approximation. Recently, Smith et al. [J. Chem. Phys. 142, 244112 (2015)] developed a "planetary" model dynamics which conserves the Feynman-Kleinert (FK) approximation to the quantum-Boltzmann distribution...
March 14, 2018: Journal of Chemical Physics
Nancy Makri
It is shown that dynamical properties of extended systems (spin arrays, large organic molecules, or molecular aggregates) characterized primarily by local potential interactions (bond stretching, bending, and torsional interactions) can be obtained efficiently from fully quantum mechanical path integral calculations through sequential linking of the quantum paths or path integral necklaces corresponding to adjacent groups of atoms, which comprise the "modules." The scheme is applicable to complex chemical systems and is characterized by linear or sublinear scaling with system size...
March 14, 2018: Journal of Chemical Physics
Deepak Ojha, Andrés Henao, Thomas D Kühne
Based on quantum-mechanical path-integral molecular dynamics simulations, the impact of nuclear quantum effects on the vibrational and hydrogen bond dynamics in liquid water is investigated. The instantaneous fluctuations in the frequencies of the O-H stretch modes are calculated using the wavelet method of time-series analysis, while the time scales of the vibrational spectral diffusion are determined from frequency-time correlation functions, joint probability distributions, and the slope of three-pulse photon echo...
March 14, 2018: Journal of Chemical Physics
Giovanni Di Liberto, Riccardo Conte, Michele Ceotto
We present an investigation of vibrational features in water clusters performed by means of our recently established divide-and-conquer semiclassical approach [M. Ceotto, G. Di Liberto, and R. Conte, Phys. Rev. Lett. 119, 010401 (2017)]. This technique allows us to simulate quantum vibrational spectra of high-dimensional systems starting from full-dimensional classical trajectories and projection of the semiclassical propagator onto a set of lower dimensional subspaces. The potential energy surface employed is a many-body representation up to three-body terms, in which monomers and two-body interactions are described by the high level Wang-Huang-Braams-Bowman (WHBB) water potential, while, for three-body interactions, calculations adopt a fast permutationally invariant ab initio surface at the same level of theory of the WHBB 3-body potential...
March 14, 2018: Journal of Chemical Physics
Irene H Ludwig, Robert S Reiffel, Frederick M Wang
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 1, 2018: Journal of Pediatric Ophthalmology and Strabismus
A A Voronin, A A Lanin, A A Fedotov, A M Zheltikov
Quantitative characterization of dispersion near molecular resonances is difficult both conceptually and technically, as it requires systematic measurements of rapidly varying dispersion profiles across the edges of molecular absorption bands. Here, we show that this challenge can be confronted with an ultrafast spectrochronography technique that combines time-resolved four-wave mixing and cross-correlation frequency-resolved optical gating. We demonstrate that, with the spectrum of an ultrashort mid-infrared laser probe stretching across the edge of a molecular absorption band, the Wigner chronocyclic maps of such a probe reveal universal signatures of anomalous dispersion and help quantify such dispersion anomalies...
March 15, 2018: Optics Letters
N P Pashtaev, N A Pozdeeva, V V Zotov, M V Sinitsyn, M A Shcheglova
AIM: to conduct a comparative experimental study of the effect of the use of intracorneal implants during femtosecond laser-assisted intrastromal pocket (IP) and intrastromal tunnel (IT) formation on the strength properties of the cornea. MATERIAL AND METHODS: The experimental study was performed on 24 corneas of 12 rabbit eyes enucleated 1 month after slaughtering. All eyes were divided into 6 groups according to the method of operation. IP and IT were created with IntraLase FS 60 kHz femtolaser...
2018: Vestnik Oftalmologii
Benjamin S Killen, Krista L Zelizney, Xin Ye
CONTEXT: Static stretching (SS) and self-administered foam rolling (SAFR) are both effective techniques often used in rehabilitation settings to improve one's range-of-motion (ROM). However, their effects on non-intervened contralateral limb's performance remain equivocal. OBJECTIVE: To examine the acute effects of unilateral hamstrings SS and SAFR on the contralateral hip flexion passive ROM and the strength performance. DESIGN: Randomized crossover trial...
March 15, 2018: Journal of Sport Rehabilitation
Dongshuai Hou, Tiejun Yang, Jinhui Tang, Shaochun Li
Graphene oxide (GO) reinforced cement nanocomposites open up a new path for sustainable concrete design. In this paper, reactive force-field molecular dynamics was utilized to investigate the structure, reactivity and interfacial bonding of calcium silicate hydrate (C-S-H)/GO nanocomposite functionalized by hydroxyl (C-OH), epoxy (C-O-C), carboxyl (COOH) and sulfonic (SO3 H) groups with a coverage of 10%. The silicate chains in the hydrophilic C-S-H substrate provided numerous non-bridging oxygen sites and counter ions (Ca ions) with high reactivity, which allowed interlayer water molecules to dissociate into Si-OH and Ca-OH...
March 15, 2018: Physical Chemistry Chemical Physics: PCCP
Juan Zhao, Zhihe Chi, Zhan Yang, Xiaojie Chen, Michael S Arnold, Yi Zhang, Jiarui Xu, Zhenguo Chi, Matthew P Aldred
Truly stretchable electronics, wherein all components themselves permit elastic deformation as the whole devices are stretched, exhibit unique advantages over other strategies, such as simple fabrication process, high integrity of entire components and intimate integration with curvilinear surfaces. In contrast to the stretchable devices using stretchable interconnectors to integrate with rigid active devices, truly stretchable devices are realized with or without intentionally employing structural engineering (e...
March 15, 2018: Nanoscale
Zhikai Zhao, Ran Liu, Dirk Mayer, Maristella Coppola, Lu Sun, Youngsang Kim, Chuankui Wang, Lifa Ni, Xing Chen, Maoning Wang, Zongliang Li, Takhee Lee, Dong Xiang
A straightforward method to generate both atomic-scale sharp and atomic-scale planar electrodes is reported. The atomic-scale sharp electrodes are generated by precisely stretching a suspended nanowire, while the atomic-scale planar electrodes are obtained via mechanically controllable interelectrodes compression followed by a thermal-driven atom migration process. Notably, the gap size between the electrodes can be precisely controlled at subangstrom accuracy with this method. These two types of electrodes are subsequently employed to investigate the properties of single molecular junctions...
March 15, 2018: Small
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