keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

Urinary tract infection

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27932769/-correction-of-posttraumatic-thoracolumbar-kyphosis-with-modified-pedicle-subtraction-osteotomy
#1
Fei Chen, Yijun Kang, Bin Zhou, Zhehao Dai
To evaluate the efficacy and safety of modified pedicle subtraction osteotomy for treatment of thoracolumbar old fracture with kyphosis.
 Methods: From January 2003 to January 2013, 58 patients of thoracolumbar kyphosis, who underwent modified pedicle subtraction osteotomy, were reviewed. Among them, 45 cases underwent initial operation and 13 cases underwent revision surgery. Preoperative and postoperative kyphotic Cobb's angle, score of back pain, as well as the incidence of complication were accessed by using visual analogue scale (VAS) and Oswestry disability index (ODI)...
November 28, 2016: Zhong Nan da Xue Xue Bao. Yi Xue Ban, Journal of Central South University. Medical Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27932514/long-term-therapy-with-wu-ling-san-a-popular-antilithic-chinese-herbal-formula-did-not-prevent-subsequent-stone-surgery-a-nationwide-population-based-cohort-study
#2
San-Yuan Wu, Huey-Yi Chen, Kao-Sung Tsai, Jen-Huai Chiang, Chih-Hsin Muo, Fung-Chang Sung, Yung-Hsiang Chen, Wen-Chi Chen
Traditional Chinese herbal medicine (CHM), which is widely used to treat pain and urolithiasis, is a promising therapy for urinary stone prevention. This study investigated the clinical efficacy of a popular CHM, Wu-Ling-San (WLS), in Taiwan for the prophylaxis of recurrent nephrolithiasis as assessed by surgical stone treatment via a nationwide population-based cohort study. The National Health Insurance Research Database, 2000-2010, which included one million patient records. All patients diagnosed with stone disease at the beginning of the study...
2016: Inquiry: a Journal of Medical Care Organization, Provision and Financing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27932159/fulminant-clostridium-perfringens-sepsis-in-kidney-transplant-a-case-report
#3
P Mihaylov, J A Powelson, W C Goggins
BACKGROUND: Infections, particularly urinary tract infections, and cardiovascular accidents are the main causes of morbidity and mortality during the 1st year after kidney transplantation (KT). Bacteria and viruses, such as Escherichia coli, Enteroccoci, and Polyoma BK virus are common in the 1st 6 months, so they are controlled routinely. On the other hand, Clostridium perfringens infection is a rare life-threatening condition, associated with a high mortality rate especially in the transplant population, that is not controlled routinely...
November 2016: Transplantation Proceedings
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27932112/short-term-outcome-of-untreated-versus-treated-asymptomatic-bacteriuria-in-renal-transplant-patients
#4
N Arencibia, M L Agüera, C Rodelo, I López, M Sánchez-Agesta, A Hurtarte, M D Navarro, A Rodríguez-Benot
BACKGROUND: Infection of the urinary tract (UTI) is the most common form of bacterial infection in renal transplant patients, but its management is still controversial. We compared symptomatic and asymptomatic bacteriuria, treated or untreated, during two different months (summer or winter). METHODS: This longitudinal, prospective study involved routine urine cultures collected during September 2014 or March 2015. Demographic, clinical, and microbiological characteristics from the patients with positive urine cultures were described...
November 2016: Transplantation Proceedings
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27932081/draft-genome-sequence-of-a-ges-5-producing-serratia-marcescens-isolated-in-southern-brazil
#5
Carolina Silva Nodari, Marina Siebert, Ursula da Silveira Matte, Afonso Luís Barth
Serratia marcescens is a Gram-negative rod intrinsically resistant to polymyxins and usually associated with wound, respiratory and urinary tract infections. The whole genome of the first GES-5-producing S. marcescens isolated from a Brazilian patient was sequenced using Ion Torrent PGM System. Besides blaGES-5, we were able to identify genes encoding for other β-lactamases, for aminoglycoside modifying enzymes and for an efflux pump to tetracyclines.
November 23, 2016: Brazilian Journal of Microbiology: [publication of the Brazilian Society for Microbiology]
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27931793/in-vitro-pharmacodynamic-evaluation-of-ceftolozane-tazobactam-against-%C3%AE-lactamase-producing-escherichia-coli-in-a-hollow-fibre-infection-model
#6
Rachel L Soon, Justin R Lenhard, Zackery P Bulman, Patricia N Holden, Pamela Kelchlin, Judith N Steenbergen, Lawrence V Friedrich, Alan Forrest, Brian T Tsuji
The proliferation of multidrug-resistant Gram-negative pathogens has been exacerbated by a lack of novel agents in current development by pharmaceutical companies. Ceftolozane/tazobactam was recently approved by the FDA for the treatment of complicated intra-abdominal infections and complicated urinary tract infections. In the present study, the activity of ceftolozane/tazobactam against four isogenic Escherichia coli strains was investigated in a hollow-fibre infection model simulating various clinical dosing regimens...
September 1, 2016: International Journal of Antimicrobial Agents
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27931241/surveillance-of-nosocomial-infections-in-the-yaounde-university-teaching-hospital-cameroon
#7
Julienne Stéphanie Nouetchognou, Jérôme Ateudjieu, Bonaventure Jemea, Edmond Nzene Mesumbe, Dora Mbanya
BACKGROUND: Nosocomial infections (NI) represent a real public health problem in developing countries. Their surveillance is recommended to provide needed information for better control. The aim of this study was to describe the frequency and distribution of NI in the Yaoundé University Teaching Hospital (YUTH). METHODS: It was a longitudinal and descriptive study targeting hospitalized patients in the intensive care, gynaecological, surgical and neonatal units...
December 8, 2016: BMC Research Notes
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27929923/impact-of-pre-transplant-bacterial-infections-on-post-operative-outcomes-in-patients-after-liver-transplantation
#8
Im-Kyung Kim, Joon Seong Park, Man Ki Ju
BACKGROUND: In contrast to studies evaluating the negative effect of bacterial infections on clinical outcomes after liver transplantation, there is little evidence with regard to pre-transplant bacterial infections. We aimed to investigate the impact of pre-transplant bacterial infections on post-transplant outcomes in patients after liver transplantation. PATIENTS AND METHODS: We retrospectively analyzed clinical data from 33 consecutive patients who underwent primary liver transplantations...
December 8, 2016: Surgical Infections
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27929709/safety-of-buprenorphine-transdermal-system-in-the-management-of-pain-in-older-adults
#9
Joseph V Pergolizzi, Robert B Raffa, Zachary Marcum, Salvatore Colucci, Steven R Ripa
OBJECTIVES: To evaluate whether buprenorphine transdermal system (BTDS; Butrans®) is an option for the treatment of chronic pain in older adults. METHODS: This retrospective analysis of 16 placebo- and active-controlled and uncontrolled studies (N=6566) evaluated the safety and tolerability profile in patients exposed to BTDS and compared the safety profiles associated with BTDS treatment in older patients ≥ 65 years of age (65 to 98 years) and younger patients < 65 years of age (18 to 64 years)...
December 8, 2016: Postgraduate Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27928146/clinical-significance-of-hematuria-in-atrial-fibrillation-with-oral-anticoagulation-therapy
#10
Hee Tae Yu, Tae-Hoon Kim, Jae-Sun Uhm, Jong-Youn Kim, Hui-Nam Pak, Moon-Hyoung Lee, Boyoung Joung
BACKGROUND: Hematuria is a common and important complication in atrial fibrillation (AF) patients on oral anticoagulation therapy (OAT). This study evaluated the clinical significance of hematuria and its relationship with genitourinary disease in AF patients receiving OAT.Methods and Results:Among 20,456 consecutive AF patients who visited a tertiary hospital from January 2005 to April 2015, 5,833 had hematuria. Of these 5,833 patients, 3,798 were on OAT (OAT(+) group) and 2,035 were not (OAT(-) group)...
December 8, 2016: Circulation Journal: Official Journal of the Japanese Circulation Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27927185/epidemiology-of-visceral-leishmaniasis-among-children-in-gadarif-hospital-eastern-sudan
#11
Mohammed Ahmed A Ahmed, Ahmed A Ahmed, Saeed M Omar, Gamal K Adam, Tajeldin M Abdallah, AbdelAziem A Ali
BACKGROUND: Since 1900s, visceral leishmaniasis (VL) has been among the most important health problems in Sudan, particularly in the endemic areas such as eastern and central regions. METHODS: This was a cross sectional, hospital-based study conducted from 1(st) January 2015 to 31(st) December 2015 to investigate the epidemiological factors of VL in Gadarif hospital, eastern Sudan. RESULTS: During the study period there were 47 identified children with VL among 145 suspected cases...
December 7, 2016: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27926773/associations-of-specific-postoperative-complications-with-outcomes-after-elective-colon-resection-a-procedure-targeted-approach-toward-surgical-quality-improvement
#12
John E Scarborough, Jessica Schumacher, K Craig Kent, Charles P Heise, Caprice C Greenberg
Importance: Numerous quality initiatives have been implemented in an effort to minimize the onus of postoperative complications on clinical and economic outcomes after major surgery. It is unknown which complications have the greatest overall effect on these outcomes. Objective: To quantify the associations of specific postoperative complications with outcomes after elective colon resection. Design, Setting, and Participants: Patients undergoing elective colon resection between January 1, 2012, and December 31, 2013, who were included in the Colectomy-Targeted American College of Surgeons National Surgical Quality Improvement Program were assessed for the development of specific types of postoperative complications...
December 7, 2016: JAMA Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27926638/determining-optimal-route-of-hysterectomy-for-benign-indications-clinical-decision-tree-algorithm
#13
Jennifer J Schmitt, Daniel A Carranza Leon, John A Occhino, Amy L Weaver, Sean C Dowdy, Jamie N Bakkum-Gamez, Kalyan S Pasupathy, John B Gebhart
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate practice change after initiation of a robotic surgery program using a clinical algorithm to determine the optimal surgical approach to benign hysterectomy. METHODS: A retrospective postrobot cohort of benign hysterectomies (2009-2013) was identified and the expected surgical route was determined from an algorithm using vaginal access and uterine size as decision tree branches. We excluded the laparoscopic hysterectomy route. A prerobot cohort (2004-2005) was used to evaluate a practice change after the addition of robotic technology (2007)...
December 2, 2016: Obstetrics and Gynecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27924435/antibiotic-resistance-is-linked-to-carriage-of-papc-and-iuta-virulence-genes-and-phylogenetic-group-d-background-in-commensal-and-uropathogenic-escherichia-coli-from-infants-and-young-children
#14
N Karami, A E Wold, I Adlerberth
P fimbriae, enabling adherence to colonic and urinary epithelium, and aerobactin, an iron sequestering system, are both colonization factors in the human colon and virulence factors for urinary tract infection. The colonic microbiota is suggested to be a site suitable for the transfer of antibiotic resistance genes. We investigated whether phenotypic resistance to antibiotics in commensal and uropathogenic Escherichia coli from infants and young children is associated with carriage of virulence genes and to phylogenetic group origin and, in the case of fecal strains, to persistence in the gut and fecal population levels...
December 6, 2016: European Journal of Clinical Microbiology & Infectious Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27924169/hospital-acquired-infections-after-cardiac-surgery-and-current-physician-practices-a-retrospective-cohort-study
#15
Scott O'Keefe, Kenneth Williams, Jean-Francois Legare
BACKGROUND: The management of hospital-acquired infections (HAIs) with respect to physician practices remains largely unexplored despite increasing efforts to standardize care. In the present study, we report findings from a 2-month audit of all patients that have undergone cardiac surgery at a large referral center in Atlantic Canada. METHODS: All patients who underwent cardiac surgical procedures during May and June 2013 at the Queen Elizabeth II Health Sciences Center in Halifax, Nova Scotia were identified...
January 2017: Journal of Clinical Medicine Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27923376/immunomodulation-after-ischemic-stroke-potential-mechanisms-and-implications-for-therapy
#16
REVIEW
Cynthia Santos Samary, Paolo Pelosi, Pedro Leme Silva, Patricia Rieken Macedo Rocco
Brain injuries are often associated with intensive care admissions, and carry high morbidity and mortality rates. Ischemic stroke is one of the most frequent causes of injury to the central nervous system. It is now increasingly clear that human stroke causes multi-organ systemic disease. Brain inflammation may lead to opposing local and systemic effects. Suppression of systemic immunity by the nervous system could protect the brain from additional inflammatory damage; however, it may increase the susceptibility to infection...
December 7, 2016: Critical Care: the Official Journal of the Critical Care Forum
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27923346/comparison-of-gram-negative-and-gram-positive-hematogenous-pyogenic-spondylodiscitis-clinical-characteristics-and-outcomes-of-treatment
#17
Ching-Yu Lee, Meng-Huang Wu, Chin-Chang Cheng, Tsung-Jen Huang, Tsung-Yu Huang, Chien-Yin Lee, Jou-Chen Huang, Yen-Yao Li
BACKGROUND: To the best of our knowledge, no study has compared gram-negative bacillary hematogenous pyogenic spondylodiscitis (GNB-HPS) with gram-positive coccal hematogenous pyogenic spondylodiscitis (GPC-HPS) regarding their clinical characteristics and outcomes. METHODS: From January 2003 to January 2013, 54 patients who underwent combined antibiotic and surgical therapy in the treatment of hematogenous pyogenic spondylodiscitis were included. RESULTS: Compared with 37 GPC-HPS patients, the 17 GNB-HPS patients were more often found to be older individuals, a history of cancer, and a previous history of symptomatic urinary tract infection...
December 6, 2016: BMC Infectious Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27922910/impact-of-medicare-s-nonpayment-program-on-hospital-acquired-conditions
#18
Caroline P Thirukumaran, Laurent G Glance, Helena Temkin-Greener, Meredith B Rosenthal, Yue Li
BACKGROUND: Medicare's Nonpayment Program of 2008 (hereafter called Program) withholds hospital reimbursement for costs related to hospital-acquired conditions (HACs). Little is known whether a hospital's Medicare patient load [quantified by the hospital's Medicare utilization ratio (MUR), which is the proportion of inpatient days financed by Medicare] influences its response to the Program. OBJECTIVE: To determine whether the Program was associated with changes in HAC incidence, and whether this association varies across hospitals with differential Medicare patient load...
December 5, 2016: Medical Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27922625/infections-in-the-spinal-cord-injured-population-a-systematic-review
#19
L Y Garcia-Arguello, J C O'Horo, A Farrell, R Blakney, M R Sohail, C T Evans, N Safdar
STUDY DESIGN: Spinal cord injury (SCI) patients are an increasing population due to recent military conflicts. SCI patients are at an increased risk of infection, but the epidemiology management and prevention strategies for these infections are unclear. OBJECTIVE: To review the incidence, microbiology and management of pneumonia, skin and soft tissue infections (SSTI), urinary tract infections (UTI) and bloodstream infections in the SCI population via literature review...
December 6, 2016: Spinal Cord
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27920983/bacteremic-renal-stone-associated-urinary-tract-infection-caused-by-nontypable-haemophilus-influenzae-a-rare-invasive-disease-in-an-immunocompetent-patient
#20
Masanao Fujii, Harumi Gomi, Haruhiko Ishioka, Noriko Takamura
Haemophilus species are known to colonize the upper respiratory tract and can cause infections. However Haemophilus influenzae has been rarely described as a cause of genitourinary tract infection. We report a 44-year-old nonimmunocompromised Japanese man with bacteremic pyelonephritis caused by a nontypable H. influenzae associated with a left ureteral calculus. The organism was isolated from both blood and urine cultures. Treatment consisted of 14 days of intravenous ceftriaxone and oral amoxicillin one after than other and insertion of a left ureteral stent...
2017: IDCases
keyword
keyword
2831
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"