keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

preterm newborn

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29453682/persistent-pulmonary-hypertension-and-histologic-chorioamnionitis-in-preterm-infants-controlled-study
#1
N Katz, Y Bar-Or, A Raucher-Sterrnfeld, A Tamir, D Kohelet
Persistent pulmonary hypertension (PPHN) of the newborn is one of the most challenging acute disorders of postnatal transition with substantial morbidity and mortality. The aim of the study was to find if there is an association between persistent pulmonary hypertension and histologic chorioamnionitis in preterm infants. 27 preterm infants with echocardiographic evidence of PPHN within the first 3 days of life were eligible for the study. A matched control group of 27 patients was chosen according to gestational age, date of birth, and gender...
February 16, 2018: Pediatric Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29447932/determining-the-venous-oxygen-reservoir-a-novel-hypothetical-approach-to-titration-of-supplemental-oxygen-in-preterm-newborns
#2
Chad C Andersen, Nicolette A Hodyl, Nina M Ziegler, Michael J Stark
While normal oxygen saturation is commonly thought to be a marker of normal oxygenation, cutaneous saturation does not account for the sufficiency of oxygen within each cell or that of the system overall. Rather, cutaneous oximetry simply defines the saturation of haemoglobin (Hb) with oxygen in a pulsatile vessel. Assessment of sufficiency is best determined by measurement of the amount of oxygen left over following aerobic respiration. This left over oxygen is 'stored' on Hb in the venous compartment and can be calculated as the venous oxygen content...
March 2018: Medical Hypotheses
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29444816/quality-improvement-effort-to-reduce-hypothermia-among-high-risk-infants-on-a-mother-infant-unit
#3
Christine Andrews, Colleen Whatley, Meaghan Smith, Emily Caron Brayton, Suzanne Simone, Alison Volpe Holmes
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVE: Neonatal hypothermia is common in low birth weight (LBW) (<2500 g) and late-preterm infants (LPIs) (34 0/7-36 6/7 weeks' gestation). It can be a contributory factor for newborn admission to a NICU, resulting in maternal-infant separation and increased resource use. Our objective was to study the efficacy of a quality-improvement bundle of hypothermia preventive measures for LPIs and/or LBW infants in a mother-infant unit. METHODS: We conducted plan-do-study-act (PDSA) cycles aimed at decreasing environmental hypothermia for LPIs and/or LBW infants in a mother-infant unit with no other indications for NICU-level care...
February 14, 2018: Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29439621/biofluid-metabolomics-in-preterm-birth-research
#4
Ana M Gil, Daniela Duarte
This article presents an account of the research carried out so far in the use of metabolomics to find biomarkers of preterm birth (PTB) in fetal, maternal, and newborn biofluids. Metabolomic studies have employed mainly nuclear magnetic resonance spectroscopy or mass spectrometry-based methodologies to analyze, on one hand, prenatal biofluids (amniotic fluid, maternal urine/maternal blood, cervicovaginal fluid) to identify predictive biomarkers of PTB, and on the other hand, biofluids collected at or after birth (amniotic fluid, umbilical cord blood, newborn urine, and newborn blood, maternal blood, or breast milk) to assess and follow up the health status of PTB babies...
January 1, 2018: Reproductive Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29434061/immediate-neonatal-outcomes-of-preterm-infants-born-to-mothers-with-preterm-pre-labour-rupture-of-membranes
#5
Niveditha Dannapaneni, Tejopratap Oleti, Tarakeswari Surapaneni, Deepak Sharma, Srinivas Murki
Background & objectives: With the use of early and appropriate use of antibiotics, outcomes have improved in the mother-infant dyads exposed to preterm pre-labour rupture of membranes (PPROM). This study was undertaken to evaluate immediate neonatal outcomes in infants born before 33 completed weeks of gestation to mothers with PPROM versus without PPROM. Methods: During the study period from January 2013 to December 2013, a total of 182 mother-infant dyads were prospectively included in the study...
October 2017: Indian Journal of Medical Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29433703/low-dose-aspirin-for-the-prevention-of-preeclampsia
#6
Heidi Collins Fantasia
Preeclampsia is a hypertensive disorder specific to pregnancy that remains a significant cause of maternal and neonatal morbidity and mortality. Identification of women who are most at risk for preeclampsia is imprecise. Because of the potential negative health consequences of preeclampsia for women and newborns and the lack of effective screening mechanisms preventing preeclampsia is an important component of prenatal care. Researchers have documented that low-dose aspirin, taken daily after the first trimester, can decrease the development of preeclampsia and reduce the incidence of preterm birth and birth of small-for-gestational-age infants...
February 2018: Nursing for Women's Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29431872/interventions-to-prevent-hypothermia-at-birth-in-preterm-and-or-low-birth-weight-infants
#7
REVIEW
Emma M McCall, Fiona Alderdice, Henry L Halliday, Sunita Vohra, Linda Johnston
BACKGROUND: Newborn admission temperature is a strong predictor of outcomes across all gestations. Hypothermia immediately after birth remains a worldwide issue and, if prolonged, is associated with harm. Keeping preterm infants warm is difficult even when recommended routine thermal care guidelines are followed in the delivery room. OBJECTIVES: To assess the efficacy and safety of interventions designed for prevention of hypothermia in preterm and/or low birth weight infants applied within 10 minutes after birth in the delivery room, compared with routine thermal care or any other single/combination of intervention(s) also designed for prevention of hypothermia in preterm and/or low birth weight infants applied within 10 minutes after birth in the delivery room...
February 12, 2018: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29429901/circulating-biomarkers-in-extremely-preterm-infants-associated-with-ultrasound-indicators-of-brain-damage
#8
Alan Leviton, Elizabeth N Allred, Raina N Fichorova, T Michael O'Shea, Lynn A Fordham, Karl K C Kuban, Olaf Dammann
AIM: To assess to what extent the blood concentrations of proteins with neurotrophic and angiogenic properties measured during the first postnatal month convey information about the risk of sonographically-identified brain damage among very preterm newborns. METHODS: Study participants were 1219 children who had a cranial ultrasound scan during their stay in the intensive care nursery and blood specimens collected on 2 separate days at least a week apart during the first postnatal month...
January 31, 2018: European Journal of Paediatric Neurology: EJPN
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29428705/risk-factors-for-failure-in-the-newborn-hearing-screen-test-in-very-preterm-twins
#9
So Young Kim, Byung Yoon Choi, Eun Young Jung, Hyunsoo Park, Ha-Na Yoo, Kyo Hoon Park
BACKGROUND: We aimed to identify prenatal and postnatal risk factors associated with abnormal newborn hearing screen (NHS) results and subsequently confirmed sensorineural hearing loss (SNHL) in preterm twin neonates. METHODS: Electronic medical records of 159 twin neonates who were born alive after ≤32 weeks were retrospectively reviewed for hearing loss in both ears. Histopathologic examination of the placenta was performed and clinical data, including method of conception and factors specific to twins, were retrieved from a computerized perinatal database...
January 31, 2018: Pediatrics and Neonatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29425911/antenatal-and-neonatal-antecedents-of-learning-limitations-in-10-year-old-children-born-extremely-preterm
#10
Alan Leviton, Robert M Joseph, Elizabeth N Allred, T Michael O'Shea, Karl K C Kuban
BACKGROUND: Children born extremely preterm are at increased risk of learning limitations. AIM: To identify the antecedents of learning limitations of children born extremely preterm. STUDY DESIGN: Prospective observational study from birth to age 10 years. Variables entered into the multinomial logistic regression analyses were ordered temporally, with the earliest occurring predictors/covariates of each learning limitation risk entered first and not displaced by later occurring covariates...
February 6, 2018: Early Human Development
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29423017/aerosolized-deferoxamine-administration-in-mouse-model-of-bronchopulmonary-dysplasia-improve-pulmonary-development
#11
Yanru Chen, Sha Gao, Yufei Yan, Jihong Qian, Hao Chen
Bronchopulmonary dysplasia (BPD) is the most common complication in preterm newborns. It occurs due to early exposure to high-oxygen and ventilation therapy. The mechanisms of disrupted alveolarization and vascular development associated with BPD were unclear. Deferoxamine (DFO) has been reported to reduce mortality and lung injury in mice after chlorine exposure. The effect of DFO in the treatment of BPD has not been explored. This study aimed to investigate the effect of aerosolized DFO administration in a mouse model of BPD...
2018: American Journal of Translational Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29422205/the-intergrowth-21st-fetal-growth-standards-toward-the-global-integration-of-pregnancy-and-pediatric-care
#12
REVIEW
Aris T Papageorghiou, Stephen H Kennedy, Laurent J Salomon, Douglas G Altman, Eric O Ohuma, William Stones, Michael G Gravett, Fernando C Barros, Cesar Victora, Manorama Purwar, Yasmin Jaffer, Julia A Noble, Enrico Bertino, Ruyan Pang, Leila Cheikh Ismail, Ann Lambert, Zulfiqar A Bhutta, José Villar
The purpose of the INTERGROWTH-21st project was to develop international, prescriptive standards for fetal growth assessed by ultrasound and fundal height, preterm postnatal growth, newborn size and body composition, maternal weight gain, and infant development at the age of 2 years. Hence, we have produced, based on World Health Organization recommendations, the first comprehensive set of international standards of optimal fetal and newborn growth that perfectly match the existing World Health Organization child growth standards...
February 2018: American Journal of Obstetrics and Gynecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29421328/the-effect-of-a-single-anti-vascular-endothelial-growth-factor-injection-on-neonatal-growth-and-organ-development-in-vivo-study
#13
Sina Khalili, Yulia Shifrin, Jingyi Pan, Jaques Belik, Kamiar Mireskandari
Retinopathy of prematurity (ROP) is one of the leading causes of blindness in preterm Infants. Anti-vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) is emerging as a promising treatment, but there is insufficient evidence on their safety. We investigate the effect of systemic anti-VEGF in rat pups with equivalent maturity to a 32 week neonate. A single dose of either anti-VEGF antibody (n = 7) or saline (control group; n = 6) was administered to newborn rats intra-peritoneally on the first day of life. 14 days' post treatment, the serum concentration of anti-VEGF was measured and the brain, lung, heart, kidney and liver were harvested and weighed...
January 31, 2018: Experimental Eye Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29417440/caffeine-protects-against-anticonvulsant-induced-impaired-neurogenesis-in-the-developing-rat-brain
#14
Stefanie Endesfelder, Ulrike Weichelt, Cornelia Schiller, Katja Winter, Clarissa von Haefen, Christoph Bührer
In preterm infants, phenobarbital is the first-line antiepileptic drug for neonatal seizures while caffeine is used for the treatment of apnea. Data from experimental animals suggest that phenobarbital and other anticonvulsants are toxic for the developing brain, while neuroprotective effects have been reported for caffeine both in newborn rodents and preterm human infants. To characterize the interaction of phenobarbital and caffeine in the hippocampus of the developing rodent brain, we examined the effects of both drugs given separately or together on postnatal neurogenesis after administration to neonatal rats throughout postnatal day (P) 4 to P6...
February 7, 2018: Neurotoxicity Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29416539/adjuvant-effect-of-bacille-calmette-gu%C3%A3-rin-on-hepatitis-b-vaccine-immunogenicity-in-the-preterm-and-term-newborn
#15
Annette Scheid, Francesco Borriello, Carlo Pietrasanta, Helen Christou, Joann Diray-Arce, Matthew A Pettengill, Sweta Joshi, Ning Li, Ilana Bergelson, Tobias Kollmann, David J Dowling, Ofer Levy
Immunization is key to protecting term and preterm infants from a heightened risk of infection. However, preterm immunity is distinct from that of the term, limiting its ability to effectively respond to vaccines routinely given at birth, such as hepatitis B vaccine (HBV). As part of the Expanded Program on Immunization, HBV is often given together with the live-attenuated vaccine Bacille Calmette-Guérin (BCG), known to activate multiple pattern-recognition receptors. Of note, some clinical studies suggest BCG can enhance efficacy of other vaccines in term newborns...
2018: Frontiers in Immunology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29412128/variation-in-immune-related-micrornas-profile-in-human-milk-amongst-lactating-women
#16
Mariarita Perri, Maria Lucente, Roberto Cannataro, Ida Francesca De Luca, Luca Gallelli, Concetta Cafiero, Giovambattista De Sarro, Guido Moro, Maria Cristina Caroleo, Erika Cione
BACKGROUND: Human milk (HM) is a biological fluid representing the first nutriment for newborns. It directly impacts the development of the infant's immune system. In this concern, specific microRNAs (miRNAs) such as hsa-miR-21, hsa-miR-181a, hsa-miR-150 and hsa-miR-223 are known to be involved in the innate and acquired immune response. OBJECTIVE: Herein, these miRNAs were evaluated in frozen and pasteurized samples of human colostrum and HM in order to elucidate the distribution and the expression profile of these biological mediators in both biological fluids...
February 6, 2018: MicroRNA
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29408625/maternal-and-neonatal-irisin-precursor-gene-fndc5-polymorphism-is-associated-with-preterm-birth
#17
Hagit Salem, Yekaterina Yatchenko, Mariana Anosov, Talya Rosenfeld, Gheona Altarescu, Sorina Grisaru-Granovsky, Ruth Birk
Irisin is a novel secreted myokine, encoded by the fibronectin type III domain-containing protein 5 (FNDC5) precursor gene. Irisin plays a role in the female reproductive system in pregnancy and in embryonic development, and is associated with fetal size. It is expressed in the ovary, placenta and neonatal cord serum. We studied whether maternal and neonatal FNDC5 genetic polymorphisms are associated with preterm birth (PTB). Blood for DNA analysis was collected from Israeli mothers (n = 315) and from umbilical veins of their respected idiopathic preterm (24-36 weeks) and control term (>37 weeks) newborns (n = 161)...
January 30, 2018: Gene
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29408329/the-impact-of-telemedicine-on-the-quality-of-newborn-resuscitation-a-retrospective-study
#18
Jennifer L Fang, Meredith S Campbell, Amy L Weaver, Kristin C Mara, Virginia S Schuning, William A Carey, Christopher E Colby
OBJECTIVE: We hypothesized that telemedicine consults provided by neonatologists to local care teams (termed teleneonatology) would improve the quality of high-risk newborn resuscitations that occur in community hospitals. METHODS: This retrospective cohort study compared 47 newborns who received a teleneonatology consult during their resuscitation at a community hospital to 45 controls who did not. Controls were matched on gestational age, sex, admission diagnosis, and level of newborn care...
February 3, 2018: Resuscitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29406286/using-gis-to-visualize-relationships-between-perinatal-outcomes-and-neighborhood-characteristics-when-planning-community-interventions
#19
Patricia D Suplee, Joan Rosen Bloch, Amy Hillier, Tasha Herbert
OBJECTIVE: To describe maternal morbidity, birth outcomes, and neighborhood characteristics of urban women from a racially segregated city with the use of a geographic information system. DESIGN: Exploratory neighborhood-level study. Existing birth certificate data were linked and aggregated to neighborhood-level data for spatial analyses. SETTING: Southern city in New Jersey. SAMPLE: Women and their 7,858 live births that occurred between 2009 and 2013...
January 31, 2018: Journal of Obstetric, Gynecologic, and Neonatal Nursing: JOGNN
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29406006/neonatal-diabetes-mellitus-an-update-on-diagnosis-and-management
#20
REVIEW
Michelle Blanco Lemelman, Lisa Letourneau, Siri Atma W Greeley
Neonatal diabetes mellitus is likely to be due to an underlying monogenic defect when it occurs at less than 6 months of age. Early recognition and urgent genetic testing are important for predicting the clinical course and raising awareness of possible additional features. Early treatment of sulfonylurea-responsive types of neonatal diabetes may improve neurologic outcomes. It is important to distinguish neonatal diabetes mellitus from other causes of hyperglycemia in newborns. Other causes include infection, stress, inadequate pancreatic insulin production in preterm infants, among others...
March 2018: Clinics in Perinatology
keyword
keyword
28309
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"