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Jovana de Moura Milanesi, Luana Cristina Berwig, Mariana Marquezan, Luiz Henrique Schuch, Anaelena Bragança de Moraes, Ana Maria Toniolo da Silva, Eliane Castilhos Rodrigues Corrêa
PURPOSE: : This study was conducted to identify variables associated with mouth breathing diagnosis in children, based on multidisciplinary domains. METHODS: 119 children, six to 12 years old, underwent anamnesis, speech therapy (orofacial structures and stomatognathic functions), otorhinolaryngologic (OTRL) with clinical and endoscopic examinations, dental (occlusion) and physiotherapy (body posture and nasal patency) assessments. Nasal patency was evaluated using Peak Nasal Inspiratory Flow (PNIF) and the Nasal Obstruction Symptom Evaluation (NOSE) scale...
March 19, 2018: CoDAS
Alan Taitz, M Florencia Assaneo, Natalia Elisei, Mónica Trípodi, Laurent Cohen, Jacobo D Sitt, Marcos A Trevisan
Sound-symbolic word classes are found in different cultures and languages worldwide. These words are continuously produced to code complex information about events. Here we explore the capacity of creative language to transport complex multisensory information in a controlled experiment, where our participants improvised onomatopoeias from noisy moving objects in audio, visual and audiovisual formats. We found that consonants communicate movement types (slide, hit or ring) mainly through the manner of articulation in the vocal tract...
2018: PloS One
Hiroaki Takaya, Hideto Kawaratani, Miki Kaneko, Soichi Takeda, Yasuhiko Sawada, Mitsuteru Kitade, Kei Moriya, Tadashi Namisaki, Masayoshi Sawai, Akira Mitoro, Junichi Yamao, Hitoshi Yoshiji
Granular cell tumors (GCTs) usually develop in patients aged 30-50 years in the skin, tongue, and mammary gland, with 5-9% of GCTs occurring on the esophagus, ascending colon, and cecum. We report a case of gastric GCT in a 16-year-old male who presented with nausea and abdominal discomfort. Esophagogastroduodenoscopy (EGD) revealed an elastic hard and yellowish submucosal tumor of the gastric cardia anterior wall. GCT was suspected upon biopsy ; after total endoscopic submucosal dissection, histology of the resected tumor confirmed the diagnosis...
April 2017: Acta Gastro-enterologica Belgica
Y F Cagin, Y Seckin, F Firat, E Samdanci
BACKGROUND AND AIM: Herbal treatments are becoming increasingly popular in many countries. Anchusa Boraginaceae (also called Tort plant and beef tongue) is commonly used as a herbal medicine in Elazıg region as diuretic and in the treatment of ulcers, and it is stated that this has no adverse effect. We report a case of acute hepatitis associated with long time use of high doses of Anchusa Boraginaceae. CASE: A 43-year-old male patient is drinking water of Anchusa Boraginaceae that is boiling for 14 days to dissolve the stones in the gallbladder...
October 2017: Acta Gastro-enterologica Belgica
Mei-Jun Deng, Chun-Yan Liu, Yu Xie, Jie-Bin Zhu, Zhen-Hua Xu
OBJECTIVE: To summarize the regularity of application of Lianquan (CV 23) in clinical practice in Chinese ancient times through analysis of ancient traditional Chinese medical (TCM) literature. METHODS: A total of 60 books involving CV 23 from the 1 156 ancient TCM books listed in the fifth edition of Encyclopedia of Traditional Chinese Medicine were collected by using CV 23 as the main keyword and "Sheben" "Benchi", and "Jieben" (the other names of CV 23 in TCM)as the supplementary keywords and analyzed systematically...
March 25, 2018: Zhen Ci Yan Jiu, Acupuncture Research
Blair M Barton, Charles A Riley, Jason D Pou, Christian P Hasney, Brian A Moore
Background: The submental island flap (SIF) is a pedicled flap based upon the submental artery and vein. Its utility in reconstruction following ablative head and neck procedures has been applied to various subsites including skin, lip, buccal mucosa, retromolar trigone, parotidectomy defects, and tongue. We review our experience using the SIF for reconstruction following tumor ablation. Methods: This prospective case series with medical record review includes consecutive patients undergoing SIF reconstruction following ablative surgery for malignancy at a single tertiary care facility between November 2014 and November 2016...
2018: Ochsner Journal
Pablo Roa Rojas, Hernán Arango Fernández, Martha Rebolledo Cobos, Jonathan Harris Ricardo
Beckwith-Wiedemann syndrome is a rare congenital condition, characterized by presenting macroglossia, defects of the abdominal wall, hemihypertrophy, omphalocele, neonatal hypoglycemia, umbilical hernia, hepatomegaly, cardiac abnormalities, among others. Macroglossia occurs in 90% of cases, causing a problem in chewing, swallowing, phonation and breathing, resulting in a closure of the upper airway. The therapeutic option of choice is partial glossectomy. We present a 2-month-old pediatric patient with Beckwith-Wiedemann syndrome and area blockage due to severe macroglossia; in the medical history, congenital heart disease, interatrial communication, persistent ductus arteriosus, symptomatic epilepsy, renal failure, hypoglycemia, tracheotomy and gastrostomy, due to airway collapse and dysphagia...
April 1, 2018: Archivos Argentinos de Pediatría
Shelly Arora, Srinivas Sulugodu Ramachandra, Christopher Squier
Introduction: Scientific literature suggests that human papillomavirus (HPV) infection may be associated with oral squamous cell carcinoma (OSCC). However, knowledge regarding HPV-OSCC link among oral health professionals (OHP) has been insufficient. So, the aim of this study was to assess the knowledge about HPV associated OSCC among OHP working in dental faculties in Malaysia. Methodology: Ethical committee of the University approved this study. A validated, pre-tested questionnaire was sent electronically to 224 OHP...
January 2018: Journal of Oral Biology and Craniofacial Research
Alex Echeverría-Vega, Guillermo Chong, Antonio E Serrano, Mariela Guajardo, Olga Encalada, Victor Parro, Yolanda Blanco, Luis Rivas, Kevin C Rose, Mercedes Moreno-Paz, José A Luque, Nathalie A Cabrol, Cecilia S Demergasso
Laguna Negra and Lo Encañado are two oligotrophic Andean lakes forming part of the system fed by meltwater from distinct glacial tongues of the Echaurren glacier in central Chile, which is in a recession period. The recent increase in temperature and decline in precipitation have led to an increase of glacial meltwater and sediments entering these lakes. Although the lacustrine systems are also hydrogeologically connected, the limnology of the lakes is strongly controlled by the surface processes related to the respective sub-watersheds and hydrology...
2018: Frontiers in Microbiology
T J Lasisi, T A Abimbola
Background: Varying pathologic conditions can affect the tongue for which the pattern of occurrence may differ. The aim of this study was to review the clinico-pathologic features of histologically diagnosed cases of tongue lesions that presented in our hospital over a 21 years period. Materials and Methods: Data on habits, class of lesion, histological diagnosis, age, gender, and site distributions were analyzed using descriptive frequencies, ranges and means ± SD...
December 2017: Annals of Ibadan Postgraduate Medicine
Yujie Zhou, Min Liao, Chengguang Zhu, Yao Hu, Ting Tong, Xian Peng, Mingyun Li, Mingye Feng, Lei Cheng, Biao Ren, Xuedong Zhou
The hyphal development of Candida albicans (C. albicans) has been considered as an essential virulent factor for host cell damage. However, the missing link between hyphae and virulence of C. albicans is also been discovered. Here, we identified that the null mutants of ERG3 and ERG11, two key genes in ergosterol biosynthesis pathway, can form typical hyphae but failed to cause the oral mucosal infection in vitro and in vivo for the first time. In particular, the erg3Δ/Δ and erg11Δ/Δ strains co-cultured with epithelial cells significantly reduced the adhesion, damage, and cytokine (interleukin-1α (IL-1α)) production, whereas the invasion was not affected in vitro...
March 16, 2018: International Journal of Oral Science
Cory M Resnick, Tessa D Kooiman, Carly E Calabrese, Ryne Didier, Bonnie L Padwa, Judy A Estroff, Maarten J Koudstaal
OBJECTIVE: Glossoptosis causes airway obstruction in patients with Robin sequence (RS), but little is known about the in-utero tongue. The purpose of this study was to assess shape and position of the fetal tongue on prenatal magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) to determine if this is predictive of postnatal RS. DESIGN: Retrospective case-control study including fetuses with prenatal MRIs performed from 2002 to 2017. Inclusion criteria were (1) prenatal MRI of adequate quality, (2) live born and evaluated postnatally for craniofacial findings...
April 2018: Cleft Palate-craniofacial Journal
Xue-Peng Li, Heng Chi, Jian Zhang
In mammals, beclin-1 is a key player that regulates autophagic activity. In fish, the immune function of beclin-1 is essentially unknown. In this study, we analyzed the involvement of tongue sole (Cynoglossus semilaevis) beclin-1 (named CsBECN1) in antibacterial immunity. CsBECN1 is composed of 451 amino acid residues and shares 84.5-95.1% overall sequence identities with other teleost beclin-1. CsBECN1 possesses a typical Bcl-2 homology domain 3 and an Atg6 domain. Expression of CsBECN1 occurred in multiple tissues and was upregulated during bacterial infection...
March 15, 2018: Fish & Shellfish Immunology
Katarzyna Świder, Jacek Matys
After a stroke, patients frequently show compromised swallowing, mastication, and speech, as well as unfavorable motion and deviation of the tongue and mandible. The dentist can improve the oral rehabilitation of a patient with deteriorated facial and oral muscles after a stroke by incorporating orofacial myofunctional therapy. This report describes a method for tongue exercises and correction of mandible deviation in an edentulous patient after a stroke by using a pearl on a wire in the anteriomedian palatal part of the maxillary denture...
March 15, 2018: Journal of Prosthetic Dentistry
Salvatore Garofalo, Riccardo Guanà, Luisa Ferrero, Alessia Cerrina, Maria Grazia Cortese, Elisabetta Teruzzi, Jürgen Schleef
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 15, 2018: Journal of Pediatrics
Janine Mayra da Silva, Tálita Pollyanna Moreira Dos Santos, Adriana Machado Saraiva, Ana Laura Fernandes de Oliveira, Gustavo Pompermaier Garlet, Aline Carvalho Batista, Ricardo Alves de Mesquita, Remo Castro Russo, Tarcília Aparecida da Silva
BACKGROUND: Chemokines and chemokine receptors are critical in oral tumourigenesis. The atypical chemokine receptor ACKR2 is a scavenger of CC chemokines controlling the availability of these molecules at tumour sites, but the role of ACKR2 in the context of oral carcinogenesis is unexplored. METHODS: In this study, wild-type (WT) and ACKR2 deficient mice (ACKR2-/- ) were treated with chemical carcinogen 4-nitroquinoline-1-oxide (4NQO) for induction of oral carcinogenesis...
March 14, 2018: Cytokine
Petar Ðanić, Davorin Ðanić, Darko Macan
Aim Distal metastases to oral cavity are very rare. Adenocarcinoma, renal cell carcinoma (RCC) and squamous cell carcinoma are the most common metastatic tumours. The aim of this study was to assess the diagnostic relevance of metastatic renal cell carcinoma on tongue manifestations in large patient series. Methods A patient with distal RCC metastases to the tongue and neck lymph nodes as the first manifestations of malignancy was presented. Also, all reports described during 106-year period relating to distal RCC metastasis to the tongue were evaluated...
February 1, 2018: Medicinski Glasnik
Kevin C Lee, Scott M Peters, Yen Chen Kevin Ko, Timothy C Kunkle, Michael A Perrino, Angela J Yoon, Elizabeth M Philipone
Lipoid proteinosis (LP) is a rare autosomal recessive disorder characterized by the deposition of amorphous hyaline material in the dermis and submucosal connective tissue. Here, we present a case of LP with significant oral, dermatologic, and neurologic manifestations occurring in a 10 year-old female of Asian descent. In addition to the more typical oral findings of restricted tongue movement and labial and buccal mucosal involvement, this case highlights an unusual pattern of gingival enlargement infrequently reported in the literature...
February 14, 2018: Oral Surgery, Oral Medicine, Oral Pathology and Oral Radiology
Tayfun Bacaksız, Cemal Kazimoglu, Ali Reisoglu, Ali Turgut, Erdem Kumtepe, Haluk Agus
BACKGROUND: The minimally invasive technique (percutaneous screw fixation) is one of the options for treating tongue-type IIC fractures successfully. The aim of this study was to assess the biomechanics of four different screw configurations used for the fixation of tongue-type IIC calcaneal fractures. METHODS: Identical osteotomies, recapitulating a type IIC injury, were created in synthetic calcaneus specimens using a saw. The specimens were randomly assigned to one of the four fixation groups (n = 7 per group): two divergent screws, two parallel screws, two parallel screws plus one screw axially oriented toward the sustentaculum tali, and three parallel screws...
January 2018: Journal of the American Podiatric Medical Association
Glaucia Resende Soares, Carolina Foot Gomes de Moura, Marcelo Jose Dias Silva, Wagner Vilegas, Aline Boveto Santamarina, Luciana Pellegrini Pisani, Debora Estadella, Daniel Araki Ribeiro
The aim of this study was to evaluate the chemopreventive potential of purple carrot extract following rat tongue carcinogenesis induced by 4-nitroquinoline 1-oxide (4NQO). For this purpose, histopathological analysis, proliferative status, antioxidant activity and inflammatory status were investigated in this setting. A total of 20 male rats were distributed into four groups as follows (n = 5 per group): Group 1-free access to water and commercial diet for 12 weeks; Group 2-received 4NQO at 50 ppm dose in drinking water daily and commercial diet for 12 weeks; Group 3-free access to water and received diet supplemented with purple carrot extract (0...
March 15, 2018: Medical Oncology
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