Read by QxMD icon Read

Surgical prophylaxis

Felipe Donoso, Helene Engstrand Lilja
Background Since 2005, infants with esophageal atresia (EA) in our unit are given prophylactic proton pump inhibitors (PPI) after repair until 1 year of age. The aims of this study were to identify risk factors for anastomotic strictures (AS) and to assess the efficacy of postoperative PPI prophylaxis in reducing the incidence of AS compared with symptomatic PPI. Methods Patients who underwent EA repair from 1994 to 2013 in our unit were included in this retrospective observational study approved by the local ethics review board...
October 21, 2016: European Journal of Pediatric Surgery
Marco Braga, Nicolò Pecorelli, Marco Scatizzi, Felice Borghi, Giancarlo Missana, Danilo Radrizzani
BACKGROUND: Enhanced recovery after surgery (ERAS) pathways represent the optimal approach for patients undergoing colorectal surgery. Elderly or low physical status patients have been often excluded from ERAS pathways because considered at high risk. The aim of this study is to assess the adherence to ERAS protocol and its impact on short-term postoperative outcome in patients with different surgical risk undergoing elective colorectal resection. METHODS: Prospectively collected data entered in an electronic Italian registry specifically designed for ERAS were reviewed...
October 20, 2016: World Journal of Surgery
Massimo Del Fabbro, Stefano Corbella, Patrick Sequeira-Byron, Igor Tsesis, Eyal Rosen, Alessandra Lolato, Silvio Taschieri
BACKGROUND: When primary root canal therapy fails, periapical lesions can be retreated with or without surgery. Root canal retreatment is a non-surgical procedure that involves removal of root canal filling materials from the tooth, followed by cleaning, shaping and obturating of the canals. Root-end resection is a surgical procedure that involves exposure of the periapical lesion through an osteotomy, surgical removal of the lesion, removal of part of the root-end tip, disinfection and, commonly, retrograde sealing or filling of the apical portion of the remaining root canal...
October 19, 2016: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
Márcio Alexandre Terra Passos, Pedro Eder Portari-Filho
Background: Elective laparoscopic cholecystectomy has very low risk for infectious complications, ranging the infection rate from 0.4% to 1.1%. Many surgeons still use routine antibiotic prophylaxis. Aim: Evaluate the real impact of antibiotic prophylaxis in elective laparoscopic cholecystectomies in low risk patients. Method: Prospective, randomized and double-blind study. Were evaluated 100 patients that underwent elective laparoscopic cholecystectomy divided in two groups: group A (n=50), patients that received prophylaxis using intravenous Cephazolin (2 g) during anesthetic induction and group B (n=50), patients that didn't receive any antibiotic prophylaxis...
July 2016: Arquivos Brasileiros de Cirurgia Digestiva: ABCD, Brazilian Archives of Digestive Surgery
Gen Sugawara, Yukihiro Yokoyama, Tomoki Ebata, Takashi Mizuno, Tetsuya Yagi, Masahiko Ando, Masato Nagino
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the optimal duration of antimicrobial prophylaxis in patients undergoing "complicated"' major hepatectomy with extrahepatic bile duct resection. BACKGROUND: To date, 4 randomized controlled trials (RCTs) have assessed the duration of antimicrobial prophylaxis after hepatectomy. However, all of these previous studies involved only "simple" hepatectomy without extrahepatic bile duct resection. METHODS: Patients with suspected hilar obstruction scheduled to undergo complicated hepatectomy after biliary drainage were randomized to 2-day (antibiotic treatment on days 1 and 2) or 4-day (on days 1 to 4) groups...
October 17, 2016: Annals of Surgery
Wen-Juan Zhou, Zhen-Ni Luo, Chang-Min Tang, Xiao-Xu Zou, Lu Zhao, Peng-Qian Fang
The improvement of antibiotic rational use in China was studied by usage analysis of combination antibiotic therapy for type I incisions in 244 hospitals. Five kinds of hospitals, including general hospital, maternity hospital, children's hospital, stomatological hospital and cancer hospital, from 30 provinces were surveyed. A systematic random sampling strategy was employed to select outpatient prescriptions and inpatient cases in 2011 and 2012. A total of 29 280 outpatient prescriptions and 73 200 inpatient cases from 244 hospitals in each year were analyzed...
October 2016: Journal of Huazhong University of Science and Technology. Medical Sciences
Hayaki Uchino, Akira Kuriyama, John Bruce, Grant Laing, Damian Clarke, George Oosthuizen
Dog bites are a major cause of injury, especially in the pediatric population. Common anatomic sites of dog bites on children are the peripheries and the head and neck. The torso is reportedly injured less frequently, and only 2 cases of intra-abdominal injury secondary to dog bites have been reported. We recently encountered a 3-year-old boy presenting with peritonitis who had sustained multiple dog bites to his trunk and upper limbs. Emergency laparotomy was performed. Surgical findings revealed penetration of the peritoneum and single perforation of the anterior gastric wall with multiple tooth marks; thus, the gastric perforation was debrided and repaired...
September 30, 2016: Pediatric Emergency Care
Carmela E Corallo, Louise Grannell, Huyen Tran
A 62-year-old man was admitted to hospital for elective revision of a left total hip arthroplasty. His history was significant for human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) infection for which he was taking the following antiretroviral agents (ARVs): etravirine, ritonavir, darunavir, raltegravir and tenofovir/emtricitabine. Rivaroxaban 10 mg daily was commenced on the second postoperative day for venous thromboembolism (VTE) prophylaxis. Approximately 24 h later, the patient developed hypotension and anaemia, accompanied by thigh swelling due to bleeding at the surgical site...
December 2015: Drug Saf Case Rep
Christian Walter, Bilal Al-Nawas, Tim Wolff, Eik Schiegnitz, Knut A Grötz
OBJECTIVE: Bisphosphonate-associated osteonecrosis of the jaws (BP-ONJ) is triggered by inflammatory processes. Typical trigger factors are periodontal disease, denture pressure sores, and surgical interventions such as tooth extractions. Unfortunately there is only little data on how to proceed with implant therapy in patients with bisphosphonate treatment. This topic is not addressed in the German guidelines on medication-associated osteonecrosis. Therefore a systematic literature review was performed...
December 2016: Int J Implant Dent
Jeffrey C Posnick, Elbert Choi, Anish Chavda
PURPOSE: Frequency estimates of surgical site infection (SSI) after orthognathic surgery vary considerably. The purpose of this study was to determine the incidence and site of SSIs and associated risk factors after bimaxillary orthognathic, osseous genioplasty, and intranasal surgery. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The authors executed a retrospective cohort study of patients with a bimaxillary developmental dentofacial deformity (DFD) and symptomatic chronic obstructive nasal breathing...
September 20, 2016: Journal of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery
Reuben Olaniyi, Clarissa Pozzi, Luca Grimaldi, Fabio Bagnoli
Skin and soft tissue infections (SSTIs) are among the most common infections worldwide. They range in severity from minor, self-limiting, superficial infections to life-threatening diseases requiring all the resources of modern medicine. Community (CA) and healthcare (HA) acquired SSTIs are most commonly caused by Staphylococcus aureus . They have variable presentations ranging from impetigo and folliculitis to surgical site infections (SSIs). Superficial SSTIs may lead to even more invasive infections such as bacteraemia and osteomyelitis...
October 16, 2016: Current Topics in Microbiology and Immunology
A Deny, C Loiez, V Deken, S Putman, A Duhamel, J Girard, G Pasquier, C Chantelot, E Senneville, H Migaud
: Factors that predict the occurrence of a surgical site infection due to methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA) are not well known; however this information could be used to modify the recommended antimicrobial prophylaxis. We carried out a retrospective study of S. aureus infections on orthopedic implants to determine: (1) whether epidemiological factors can be identified that predict a MRSA infection, (2) the impact of these factors as evidenced by the odds ratio (OR). HYPOTHESIS: Risk factors for a MRSA infection can be identified from a cohort of patients with S...
October 12, 2016: Orthopaedics & Traumatology, Surgery & Research: OTSR
Tomás Sánchez-Santana, Juan Antonio Del-Moral-Luque, Pablo Gil-Yonte, Luis Bañuelos-Andrío, Manuel Durán-Poveda, Gil Rodríguez-Caravaca
BACKGROUND: Antibiotic prophylaxis is the most suitable tool for preventing surgical site infection. This study assessed compliance with antibiotic prophylaxis in surgery for acute appendicitis, and the effect of this compliance on surgical site infection. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Prospective cohort study to evaluate compliance with antibiotic prophylaxis protocol in appendectomies. An assessment was made of the level of compliance with prophylaxis, as well as the causes of non-compliance...
October 13, 2016: Cirugia y Cirujanos
Anne C Ritter, Amy K Wagner, Anthony Fabio, Mary Jo Pugh, William C Walker, Jerzy P Szaflarski, Ross D Zafonte, Allen W Brown, Flora M Hammond, Tamara Bushnik, Douglas Johnson-Greene, Timothy Shea, Jason W Krellman, Joseph A Rosenthal, Laura E Dreer
OBJECTIVE: Determine incidence of posttraumatic seizure (PTS) following traumatic brain injury (TBI) among individuals with moderate-to-severe TBI requiring rehabilitation and surviving at least 5 years. METHODS: Using the prospective TBI Model Systems National Database, we calculated PTS incidence during acute hospitalization, and at years 1, 2, and 5 postinjury in a continuously followed cohort enrolled from 1989 to 2000 (n = 795). Incidence rates were stratified by risk factors, and adjusted relative risk (RR) was calculated...
October 14, 2016: Epilepsia
(no author information available yet)
Fosfomycin trometamol is a broad spectrum antibiotic recently marketed in the UK for the treatment of acute uncomplicated lower urinary tract infections (UTIs) in adults(1,2) and in adult and adolescent females.(3) It is also indicated for prophylaxis in diagnostic and surgical transurethral procedures.(1-3) Fosfomycin was discovered in 1969 and the reference drug was first marketed as Monuril in France in 1986.(3,4) Although Monuril had UK marketing authorisation, it was never distributed in the UK. However, national guidance included the option of using unlicensed imported fosfomycin...
October 2016: Drug and Therapeutics Bulletin
G I Nazarenko, E B Kleimenova, S A Payushchik, V A Otdelenov, D A Sychev
AIM: To reduce the number of preventable hospital-acquired venous thromboembolic events (HA-VTE) and to improve the quality of VTE prophylaxis at multiprofile hospital. MATERIAL AND METHODS: A comprehensive approach to preventing HA-VTE was developed, which involved the global trigger tool method to assess adverse events, as well as the computerized clinical decision support system (CDSS) to prevent HA-VTE on the basis of relevant clinical practice guidelines, and HA-VTE registry...
2016: Terapevticheskiĭ Arkhiv
Priya S Verghese
Successful renal transplantation is the optimal treatment for chronic kidney failure, but this was not always so for children. Beginning with the first kidney transplants in the 1950s, children experienced poorer patient and graft survival rates than adult patients. But over the last 6 decades, an improved understanding of the immune system which has steered pediatric multi-center clinical / pharmacokinetic and mechanistic studies that have sculpted our immunosuppression with markedly better patient and graft survivals...
October 12, 2016: Pediatric Research
D Suresh Kumar, Ram Gopalakrishnan, V Ramasubramanian, Paul Dillip, N Sathyabama
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 2016: Journal of the Association of Physicians of India
V Gómez-Dos Santos, V Díez-Nicolás, L Martínez-Arcos, J J Fabuel-Alcañiz, I Laso-García, S Álvarez-Rodríguez, F de Asís Donis-Canet, V Hevia-Palacios, M Ruiz-Hernández, F J Burgos-Revilla
: Mayor urological complications, fistulae and stenosis, mainly affect the vesicoureteral anastomosis and present in the early post-transplant period. The systematic use of ureteral catheters keeps selecbeing controversial with many groups using them only selectively depending on the existence of pretransplant or intraoperative risk factors. METHODS: We performed a bibliographic review through automatized search in the Medline bibliographic database, as the main bibliographic source, and also in Clinical Key...
October 2016: Archivos Españoles de Urología
Bahman Naghipour, Gholamreza Faridaalaee, Kamran Shadvar, Eissa Bilehjani, Ashkan Heyat Khabaz, Solmaz Fakhari
BACKGROUND: Arrhythmia is a common complication after heart surgery and is a major source of morbidity and mortality. AIMS: This study aimed to study the effect of magnesium sulfate (MgSO4) for reduction of postcardiac surgery arrhythmia. SETTING AND DESIGN: This study is performed in the cardiac operating room and Intensive Care Unit (ICU) of Shahid Madani Hospital of Tabriz (Iran) between January 1, 2014, and September 30, 2014. This study is a double-blind, randomized controlled trial...
October 2016: Annals of Cardiac Anaesthesia
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"