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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29138874/using-il-6-concentrations-in-the-first-24%C3%A2-h-following-trauma-to-predict-immunological-complications-and-mortality-in-trauma-patients-a-meta-analysis
#1
REVIEW
Zhi Qiao, Weikang Wang, Luxu Yin, Peng Luo, Johannes Greven, Klemens Horst, Frank Hildebrand
PURPOSE: In previous studies, interleukin-6 (IL-6) has been shown to have a high predictive value for the development of complications and mortality after trauma; however, there is some uncertainty around these results. The aim of this meta-analysis was to assess the value of early IL-6 levels (within the first 24 h after trauma) for predicting post-traumatic complications [acute respiratory distress syndrome (ARDS), systemic inflammatory response syndrome (SIRS), sepsis, multiple organ failure (MOF), and multiple organ dysfunction syndrome (MODS)] and mortality...
November 14, 2017: European Journal of Trauma and Emergency Surgery: Official Publication of the European Trauma Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29055131/case-report-of-staphylococcus-epidermidis-maternal-sepsis-and-chorioamnionitis-following-fetoscopy
#2
Gabriel Levin, Roy Zigron
A patient aged 28 years (gravida 5 para 3) who was at 21 weeks of a monochorionic diamniotic pregnancy, underwent fetoscopic laser ablation of placental blood vessels owing to stage-3 twin-to-twin transfusion syndrome (Figure 1). Ultrasonography on post-operative day 1 demonstrated marked improvement of both embryo urinary bladder filling and Doppler blood flow measurements. This article is protected by copyright. All rights reserved.
October 21, 2017: International Journal of Gynaecology and Obstetrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28988067/the-effect-of-resuscitation-strategy-on-the-longitudinal-immuno-inflammatory-response-to-blunt-trauma
#3
Alexander Bonde, Ask Tybjærg Nordestgaard, Rasmus Kirial, Peter Svenningsen, Martin Sillesen
INTRODUCTION: Resuscitation strategies following blunt trauma have been linked to immuno-inflammatory complications leading to systemic inflammatory syndrome (SIRS), sepsis and multiple organ failure (MOF). The effect of resuscitation strategy on longitudinal inflammation marker trajectories is, however, unknown. We hypothesized that the effect of resuscitation strategy extends beyond the trauma-related coagulopathy, perhaps affecting the longitudinal immuno-inflammatory response to injury...
September 28, 2017: Injury
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28948140/sepsis-and-acute-respiratory-distress-syndrome-requiring-extracorporeal-life-support-in-an-adolescent-with-mild-cystic-fibrosis
#4
Lauren Elizabeth Faricy, Gwynne Church
Outcomes for invasive mechanical ventilation and extracorporeal membrane oxygenation (ECMO) to treat acute respiratory failure in patients with mild cystic fibrosis (CF) lung disease are not known. We present a case of the successful use of ECMO to treat acute respiratory failure secondary to staphylococcal sepsis in an adolescent CF patient with previously normal lung function. Her post-ECMO course was notable for severe airflow obstruction, hypoxemia, deconditioning, and growth failure. She had significantly improved at six months follow-up, though she continued to have moderate airflow obstruction on pulmonary function testing...
2017: Respiratory Medicine Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28947390/level-of-systemic-inflammation-and-endothelial-injury-is-associated-with-cardiovascular-dysfunction-and-vasopressor-support-in-post-cardiac-arrest-patients
#5
John Bro-Jeppesen, Pär I Johansson, Jesper Kjaergaard, Michael Wanscher, Sisse R Ostrowski, Mette Bjerre, Christian Hassager
AIM: Post-cardiac arrest syndrome (PCAS) is characterized by a sepsis-like inflammatory response and hemodynamic instability. We investigated the associations between systemic inflammation, endothelial damage and hemodynamic parameters including vasopressor support in patients with out-of-hospital cardiac arrest (OHCA). METHODS: In this post-hoc study, we analysed data from 163 comatose patients included at a single center in the Target Temperature Management (TTM) trial, randomly assigned to TTM at 33°C or 36°C for 24h...
September 23, 2017: Resuscitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28863323/ethyl-pyruvate-reverses-development-of-pseudomonas-aeruginosa-pneumonia-during-sepsis-induced-immunosuppression
#6
Wei Chen, Jie Lian, Jing-Jing Ye, Qing-Fei Mo, Jie Qin, Guang-Liang Hong, Long-Wang Chen, Shao-Ce Zhi, Guang-Ju Zhao, Zhong-Qiu Lu
Sepsis is characterized by an innate immune response and the following immune dysfunction which can increase the emergence of secondary infections. Ethyl pyruvate (EP) has multiple immunoregulation functions in several serious illnesses, such as burn injury, severe sepsis and acute respiratory syndrome. However, little data was shown the effect of EP administration on immunosuppression post-CLP and the following secondary infection. The cecal ligation and puncture (CLP) followed by the induction of Pseudomonas aeruginosa (PA) was used as a clinically relevant two-hit model of sepsis...
November 2017: International Immunopharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28858182/metabolic-syndrome-and-30-day-outcomes-in-elective-lumbar-spinal-fusion
#7
Andrew S Chung, David Campbell, Robert Waldrop, Dennis Crandall
STUDY DESIGN: Retrospective cohort study OBJECTIVE.: To evaluate the effect of MetS on 30-day morbidity and mortality following elective lumbar spinal fusion SUMMARY OF BACKGROUND DATA.: Metabolic syndrome (MetS) is a variable combination of hypertension, obesity, elevated fasting plasma glucose, and dyslipidemia.MetS has been associated with an increased risk of post-operative morbidity and mortality in multiple surgical settings. To our knowledge, the effect of MetS on 30-day outcomes following elective lumbar spinal fusion has not been well studied...
August 29, 2017: Spine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28757259/endotoxemia-induces-lung-brain-coupling-and-multi-organ-injury-following-cerebral-ischemia-reperfusion
#8
Nguyen Mai, Landa Prifti, Aric Rininger, Hannah Bazarian, Marc W Halterman
Post-ischemic neurodegeneration remains the principal cause of mortality following cardiac resuscitation. Recent studies have implicated gastrointestinal ischemia in the sepsis-like response associated with the post-cardiac arrest syndrome (PCAS). However, the extent to which the resulting low-grade endotoxemia present in up to 86% of resuscitated patients affects cerebral ischemia-reperfusion injury has not been investigated. Here we report that a single injection of low-dose lipopolysaccharide (50μg/kg, IP) delivered after global cerebral ischemia (GCI) induces blood-brain barrier permeability, microglial activation, cortical injury, and functional decline in vivo, compared to ischemia alone...
November 2017: Experimental Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28743338/-clinical-characteristics-and-prognosis-in-patients-with-high-plasma-level-of-procalcitonin-an-analysis-in-188-patients
#9
Chuli Pan, Wei Cui, Feifei Zhou, Junwei Tu, Xiuhui Lin, Libin Li, Gensheng Zhang
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the clinical characteristics and prognosis of patients with high level of plasma procalcitonin (PCT > 100 μg/L), and to improve the clinician's understanding, diagnosis and treatment of this kind of patients. METHODS: A retrospective study was conducted. The clinical data of patients with plasma PCT over 100 μg/L within 48 hours of admission admitted to Second Affiliated Hospital of Zhejiang University School of Medicine from February 2013 to December 2016 were collected, and the clinical characteristics were analyzed...
July 2017: Zhonghua Wei Zhong Bing Ji Jiu Yi Xue
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28721572/i-fabp-is-a-novel-marker-for-the-detection-of-intestinal-injury-in-severely-injured-trauma-patients
#10
M Voth, M Duchene, B Auner, T Lustenberger, B Relja, I Marzi
BACKGROUND: Intestinal injury is a rare injury in multiply traumatized patients, and its diagnosis remains difficult. Delayed diagnosis of an intestinal injury increases the risk of sepsis, multiple organ failure and mortality. The intestinal fatty acid-binding protein (I-FABP) is solely expressed in the intestine and is released extracellulary after tissue damage. This study evaluates the validity of I-FABP as an early biomarker to detect an abdominal injury and particularly an injury to the intestine...
December 2017: World Journal of Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28700186/-the-treatment-of-aki-in-nephrology-hospitalization-the-sle-hdf-15-litres-in-10-hours
#11
Marcello Napoli, Maria Luisa Lefons, Giovanni Sandri, Efisio Sozzo, Carmela Ambrosino
The AKI in intensive care has been widely treated by international and national guidelines. The treatment of AKI in patients not requiring admission in Intensive Care Unit, but often hospitalized in Nephrology Unit, it is showed of less relevance. For over 5 years we have used for the treatment of AKI of patients admitted in Nephrology Unit an intermittent slow technique, implemented in approximately 600 patients with AKI for a total of about 3000 treatments. In this study we report the clinical results obtained in 100 consecutive patients referred to our Nephrology Unit from 1st January 2014...
June 2017: Giornale Italiano di Nefrologia: Organo Ufficiale Della Società Italiana di Nefrologia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28669977/an-unusual-triad-of-hemophagocytic-syndrome-lymphoma-and-tuberculosis-in-a-non-hiv-patient
#12
Hafiz Rizwan Talib Hashmi, Rashmi Mishra, Masooma Niazi, Sindhaghatta Venkatram, Gilda Diaz-Fuentes
BACKGROUND Lymphoma complicated with hemophagocytic syndrome and tuberculosis has been rarely reported. The clinical and radiological presentation of these potentially fatal conditions can be easily confused and there is a potential for misdiagnosis. CASE REPORT We present a 58-year-old Hispanic female who was admitted to the hospital with dizziness and fever. Her initial admission diagnosis was severe sepsis secondary to community acquired pneumonia. She was started on intravenous antibiotics. Due to mediastinal lymphadenopathy, lymphoma was considered as a differential diagnosis for which she underwent bronchoscopy and endobronchial ultrasound-guided sampling of her mediastinal lymph nodes...
July 3, 2017: American Journal of Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28661414/muscle-mass-and-physical-recovery-in-icu-innovations-for-targeting-of-nutrition-and-exercise
#13
Paul E Wischmeyer, Zudin Puthucheary, Iñigo San Millán, Daniel Butz, Michael P W Grocott
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: We have significantly improved hospital mortality from sepsis and critical illness in last 10 years; however, over this same period we have tripled the number of 'ICU survivors' going to rehabilitation. Furthermore, as up to half the deaths in the first year following ICU admission occur post-ICU discharge, it is unclear how many of these patients ever returned home or a meaningful quality of life. For those who do survive, recent data reveals many 'ICU survivors' will suffer significant functional impairment or post-ICU syndrome (PICS)...
August 2017: Current Opinion in Critical Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28601273/potential-impact-of-the-2016-consensus-definitions-of-sepsis-and-septic-shock-on-future-sepsis-research
#14
Sandra L Peake, Anthony Delaney, Michael Bailey, Rinaldo Bellomo
STUDY OBJECTIVE: The influence of the Third International Consensus Definitions for Sepsis and Septic Shock (Sepsis-3) on the conduct of future sepsis research is unknown. We seek to examine the potential effect of the new definitions on the identification and outcomes of patients enrolled in a sepsis trial. METHODS: This was a post hoc analysis of the Australasian Resuscitation in Sepsis Evaluation (ARISE) trial of early goal-directed therapy that recruited 1,591 adult patients presenting to the emergency department (ED) with early septic shock diagnosed by greater than or equal to 2 systemic inflammatory response syndrome criteria and either refractory hypotension or hyperlactatemia...
June 7, 2017: Annals of Emergency Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28550403/healthcare-utilization-and-costs-in-ards-survivors-a-1-year-longitudinal-national-us-multicenter-study
#15
A Parker Ruhl, Minxuan Huang, Elizabeth Colantuoni, Taruja Karmarkar, Victor D Dinglas, Ramona O Hopkins, Dale M Needham
PURPOSE: To evaluate (1) post-discharge healthcare utilization and estimated costs in ARDS survivors, and (2) the association between patient and intensive care-related variables, and 6-month patient status, with subsequent hospitalization and costs. METHODS: Longitudinal cohort study enrolling from four ARDSNet trials in 44 US hospitals. Healthcare utilization was collected via structured interviews at 6 and 12 months post-ARDS, and hospital costs estimated via the Medical Expenditure Panel Survey...
July 2017: Intensive Care Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28536210/systemic-inflammatory-response-syndrome-sirs-and-a-left-bundle-branch-block-lbbb-due-to-nitrofurantoin
#16
Susheer Dilbagh Gandotra, Mariola A Smotrys, Darshan B Patel, Akash Chadha
We present a case of a 74-year-old woman, who was on nitrofurantoin treatment for urinary tract infection (UTI), with fever and chills 7 hours after taking nitrofurantoin. She was hospitalised and evaluated for worsening UTI and sepsis. Initially, it appeared to be secondary to post-UTI sepsis because of possible resistant infection or conditions like pulmonary embolism or acute hepatitis. The patient also developed systemic inflammatory response syndrome, left bundle branch block (LBBB), thrombocytopaenia and transaminitis...
May 22, 2017: BMJ Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28526303/the-use-of-biobrane-%C3%A2-for-wound-coverage-in-stevens-johnson-syndrome-and-toxic-epidermal-necrolysis
#17
Alan D Rogers, Erin Blackport, Robert Cartotto
INTRODUCTION: Published experience describing the use of Biobrane(®) for wound management in Stevens-Johnson Syndrome and Toxic Epidermal Necrolysis (SJS-TEN) is limited to case reports and case series involving ten or fewer patients. We have used Biobrane(®) in the care of SJS-TEN since 2000, and the purpose of this study was to review our experience with the application of Biobrane(®) for wound coverage in SJS-TEN. METHODS: A retrospective review of all cases of SJS-TEN admitted to an adult regional ABA-verified burn center between January 1, 2000 and June 1, 2015 was conducted...
November 2017: Burns: Journal of the International Society for Burn Injuries
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28515693/rolipram-improves-outcome-in-a-rat-model-of-infant-sepsis-induced-cardiorenal-syndrome
#18
Clark R Sims, Sharda P Singh, Shengyu Mu, Neriman Gokden, Dala Zakaria, Trung C Nguyen, Philip R Mayeux
While the mortality rate associated with sepsis in children has fallen over the years, it still remains unacceptably high. The development of both acute cardiac dysfunction and acute kidney injury during severe sepsis is categorized as type 5 cardiorenal syndrome (CRS) and is poorly understood in infants. To address this lack of understanding and the need for an appropriate animal model in which to conduct relevant preclinical studies, we developed a model of infant sepsis-induced CRS in rat pups then evaluated the therapeutic potential of the phosphodiesterase (PDE) 4 inhibitor, rolipram...
2017: Frontiers in Pharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28368347/the-role-of-th-17-cells-and-%C3%AE-%C3%AE-t-cells-in-modulating-the-systemic-inflammatory-response-to-severe-burn-injury
#19
REVIEW
Albert Kim, Thomas Lang, Meilang Xue, Aruna Wijewardana, Chris Jackson, John Vandervord
Burns are a global public health problem, accounting for an estimated 265,000 deaths annually. Inflammation is essential in supplying the growth factors, cytokines and chemokines needed to recruit T-cells and myeloid cells to the site of a burn injury for wound healing. However, major burns generate a marked pathophysiological inflammatory response through a widespread release of abundant pro-inflammatory mediators that predispose patients to a systemic inflammatory response syndrome, sepsis and multi-organ failure...
April 3, 2017: International Journal of Molecular Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28364952/early-complications-after-percutaneous-radiofrequency-ablation-for-hepatocellular-carcinoma-an-analysis-of-1-843-ablations-in-1-211-patients-in-a-single-centre-experience-over-10-years
#20
J G Park, S Y Park, W Y Tak, Y O Kweon, S Y Jang, Y R Lee, K Hur, H J Lee, H W Lee
AIM: To evaluate the incidence of adverse events and associated factors after radiofrequency ablation (RFA) in patients with hepatocellular carcinoma within 30 days. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The early complications that occurred within 30 days after RFA at a single institution from January 2000 to July 2010 were reviewed in order to evaluate the morbidity, mortality, and risk factors associated with the complications. In total, 1,211 patients (845 men, 70.5%) with a mean age of 68 years (range, 27-88 years) underwent 1,843 RFA procedures...
August 2017: Clinical Radiology
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