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Vasomotor rhinitis

Louis Jacob, Thomas Keil, Karel Kostev
BACKGROUND: Using routine healthcare data, the goal of this study was to examine the association between asthma and comorbid disorders in children in Germany. METHODS: Patients with a diagnosis of asthma documented by a German pediatrician in 2015 were identified. Demographic data included age and gender. Patients younger than 6 and older than 17 and individuals followed for less than a year before index date were excluded. Each patient was matched for age, sex, and physician with an asthma-free control...
October 5, 2016: Pediatric Allergy and Immunology
Sammy Sinno, Karan Mehta, Z-Hye Lee, Sarah Kidwai, Pierre B Saadeh, Michael R Lee
BACKGROUND: Inferior turbinate hypertrophy is often encountered by plastic surgeons who perform rhinoplasty. Many treatment options are available to treat the inferior turbinate. The objective of this study was to systematically review outcomes of available techniques and provide guidance to surgical turbinate management. METHODS: A MEDLINE search was performed for means of treating inferior turbinate hypertrophy. Studies selected focused on treatment of the inferior turbinate in isolation and excluding patients with refractory allergic rhinitis, vasomotor rhinitis, or hypertrophic rhinitis...
September 2016: Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery
A O Eifan, S R Durham
Rhinitis is a heterogeneous condition that has been associated with inflammatory responses as in allergic rhinitis but can also occur in the absence of inflammation such as in so-called idiopathic (previously 'vasomotor') rhinitis. Allergic rhinitis affects approximately one in four of the population of westernized countries and is characterized by typical symptoms of nasal itching, sneezing, watery discharge and congestion. The intention of this review is to illustrate key concepts of the pathogenesis of rhinitis...
September 2016: Clinical and Experimental Allergy: Journal of the British Society for Allergy and Clinical Immunology
Lin Xi, Feifei Cao, Yuan Zhang, Luo Zhang
BACKGROUND: Allergic rhinitis (AR) is a chronic systemic allergic disease with an association reported between allergy and anxiety. The objective of the current study was therefore to investigate and retrospectively evaluate the factors that may possibly induce state and trait anxiety among patients with AR and vasomotor rhinitis (VMR). METHODS: A total of 253 outpatients suffering from AR and 108 suffering from VMR were assessed for nasal symptoms experienced during the 14 days prior to assessment...
June 9, 2016: International Forum of Allergy & Rhinology
Phillip L Lieberman, Peter Smith
Chronic nonallergic rhinitis (NAR) is a syndrome rather than a specific disease. A lack of understanding of the pathogenesis of this condition has led to imprecise terminology with several alternate names for the condition, including vasomotor rhinitis, nonallergic rhinopathy, and idiopathic rhinitis. The therapy for NAR is best based on the underlying pathology, which typically exists in a form whereby an abnormality of the autonomic nervous system is dominant or a form in which inflammation seems to be the cause of symptoms...
May 2016: Immunology and Allergy Clinics of North America
Anders Ehnhage, Pernilla Sahlstrand Johnsson, Cecilia Ahlström-Emanuelsson, Morgan Andersson, Johan Knutsson, Jacob Lien, Tomas Norlander, Petter Olsson, Jan-Eric Friis-Liby, Mats Holmström
CONCLUSIONS: The potential effects of KOS are still uncertain regarding the most effective air pressure to be used as well as the physiological effects on the nasal mucosa. The results of the study do not support a convincing treatment effect by KOS on IR. OBJECTIVES: Idiopathic rhinitis (IR) is a common disorder, affecting ∼10-20% of the population. A new method for treating IR, Kinetic Oscillation Stimulation (KOS), has been reported to have beneficial effects on total vasomotor symptom scores (TVRSS)...
August 2016: Acta Oto-laryngologica
M Gelardi, L Iannuzzi, N Quaranta, M Landi, G Passalacqua
Nasal cytology is a simple and safe diagnostic procedure that allows to assess the normal and pathological aspects of the nasal mucosa, by identifying and counting the cell types and their morphology. It can be easily performed by a nasal scraping followed by May-Grunwald-Giemsa staining and optical microscopy reading. This procedure allows to identify the normal cells (ciliated and mucinous), the inflammatory cells (lymphocytes, neutrophils, eosinophils, mast cells), bacteria, or fungal hyphae/spores. Apart from the normal cell population, some specific cytological patterns can be of help in discriminating among various diseases...
June 2016: Clinical and Experimental Allergy: Journal of the British Society for Allergy and Clinical Immunology
Seung Jin Lee, Bong Hwa Kang, Bong Seok Choi
PURPOSE: In addition to regulating calcium and phosphorus homeostasis and bone metabolism, vitamin D is known as an immune modulator. Recently, there has been increased worldwide interest in the association between low levels of vitamin D and allergic diseases. The purpose of this study was to assess the relationship between serum vitamin D levels and allergic/vasomotor rhinitis (AR/VR) in children. METHODS: This study included 164 patients. The sample included 59 patients with AR, 42 patients with VR, and 63 controls...
September 2015: Korean Journal of Pediatrics
E Dzięciołowska-Baran, A Gawlikowska-Sroka, M Mularczyk
The most common diseases of the upper respiratory tract in children treated by ear-nose-throat (ENT) specialists in ambulatory practice are infections, such as colds, rhinitis, sinusitis and pharyngitis, very frequently accompanied and promoted by chronic nasal obstructions of various etiology. These diseases, when treated incorrectly or for too long, cause frequent school absenteeism and may also lead to hearing disorders linked with acute or suppurative otitis. They may also habitually perpetuate abnormal breathing and result in occlusal disorders...
2015: Advances in Experimental Medicine and Biology
P D Prianikov, V M Svistushkin, V I Egorov, D M Mustafaev, É V Isaev
The objective of the present study was to compare, based on the clinical data, the effectiveness of the electrosurgical techniques of the molecular resonance and radio-wave ranges used to perform vasotomy in 64 patients presenting with vasomotor rhinitis. The short-term results of the treatment suggest the higher effectiveness and safety of radio-wave surgery in comparison with the molecular resonance treatment in the patients with the above condition. This observation was confirmed in the objective studies with the use of endoscopic and cytological methods, anterior active rhinomanometry, and determination of mucociliary clearance...
2015: Vestnik Otorinolaringologii
A I Kriukov, N L Kunel'skaia, A Iu Ivoĭlov, M V Tardov, E V Matveeva
The objective of the present work was to study the state of the vegetative homeostasis in 157 children presenting with vasomotor rhinitis. It was shown that the children with this pathology suffer from vegetative dysfunction. The forms of this disorder are various which require the mulidisciplinary approach to their diagnostics and treatment.
2015: Vestnik Otorinolaringologii
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No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 2014: Mayo Clinic Health Letter
Ashleigh Halderman, Raj Sindwani
BACKGROUND: Vasomotor rhinitis (VMR) is one of the most prevalent forms of nonallergic rhinitis. In the past, when maximal medical therapy failed, surgical options were limited. Vidian neurectomy (VN) was one option; however, it was fraught with complications and limited success. The advent of endoscopic sinus surgery revitalized interest in surgical procedures for VMR. This study was designed to review the available literature and assess the safety and efficacy of surgery on the vidian and posterior nasal nerves for treatment of VMR and when possible, compare the different approaches to one another in regard to safety and efficacy...
March 2015: American Journal of Rhinology & Allergy
Han Zhang, Damian C Micomonaco, Peter T Dziegielewski, Leigh J Sowerby, Ezekiel Weis, Erin D Wright
BACKGROUND: Chronic refractory vasomotor rhinitis (VMR) is a debilitating condition that causes significant impairment of quality of life. The purpose of this study is to investigate the efficacy and potential side effects of endoscopic vidian neurectomy as treatment for patients with VMR. METHODS: This study was a prospective, intent-to-follow case series. Inclusion criteria were as follows: (1) patients with debilitating VMR refractory to medical therapy and with significant impact on quality of life; (2) negative allergy history and skin testing; and (3) negative computed tomography (CT) scan to rule out skull-base defect or cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) fistula...
May 2015: International Forum of Allergy & Rhinology
P Procacci, F Ferrari, T Zambotti, D Donadello, E Prandi, G Zanette, D Bertossi, P F Nocini
This clinical report describes a case of rhinorrhea that arose after surgical intervention of partial maxillary resection and obturator prosthesis positioning. Ultimately, the diagnosis was that rhinorrhea was induced by mechanical irritation of the nasal mucosa determined by the nasal part of the obturator prosthesis. The differential diagnosis of nasal irritation, vasomotor rhinitis, gustatory rhinorrhea are presented and discussed, as well as the technical notes and measures taken to reach the final diagnosis and a satisfactory functional and aesthetic result for the patient...
October 2014: Minerva Stomatologica
Giorgio Ciprandi, Giovanni A Rossi
Allergic rhinitis is the most frequent allergic disorder, as its prevalence is more than 20% in the general population. Non-allergic rhinitis has similar symptoms, but pathogenic mechanisms are non-IgE-mediated. Anyway, both diseases share a common inflammatory pathway, thus anti-inflammatory drugs represent the optimal therapeutical option. Beclomethasone dipropionate (BDP) is a corticosteroid that is long time available both as intranasal spray and aerosol solution. The present review aims at analysing the most relevant and recent studies concerning the BDP use in allergic and non-allergic rhinitis...
November 2014: Recenti Progressi in Medicina
A I Kriukov, N L Kunel'skaia, A Iu Ivoĭlov, M V Tardov, E V Matveeva
The objective of the present work was the comparative analysis of the results of the application of different methods for the treatment of the children presenting with vasomotor rhinitis. It was shown that the proposed combined approach including remedial therapy for the normalization of the function of the vegetative nervous system and the local application of fluctuating current to the nasal cavity mucosa has an advantage over the traditional modalities. Specifically, this newly developed simple and efficacious method for the combined conservative treatment of vasomotor rhinitis in the children has practically no contraindications for use, yields the most stable positive functional outcomes, and can by recommended for the application in both inpatient and outpatient settings to manage the patients with vasomotor rhinitis...
2014: Vestnik Otorinolaringologii
Hongtian Wang, Jing Zhang, Shaohua You, Yanyun Ao, Yin Bai, Huaiyin Shi, Lingchao Ji, Jingjie Jia, Yue Zhang, Hongxia Jia
OBJECTIVE: To explore a step-by-step exclusive diagnosis and analyze the clinical characters of non-allergic rhinitis (NAR). METHODS: Patients with symptoms (nasal itching, sneezing, rhinorrhea, nasal congestion) were selected to take four-step exclusive diagnosis for NAR and we tried to eliminate the false NAR and retain the true NAR. First step was to exclude the patients who were not suitable for skin prick test (SPT, such as during pregnancy, breastfeeding, asthma, oral antihistamine medication in 7 day, severe skin diseases)...
June 2014: Zhonghua Er Bi Yan Hou Tou Jing Wai Ke za Zhi, Chinese Journal of Otorhinolaryngology Head and Neck Surgery
Umesh Singh, Jonathan A Bernstein
Capsaicin is a selective transient receptor potential vanilloid 1 (TRPV1) ion channel agonist and has been demonstrated to reduce nerve conduction of nociceptive C fibers in the trigeminal nerve without affecting conduction in Adelta fibers. This chapter reviews the classification of chronic rhinitis subtypes, the prevalence and epidemiology of nonallergic rhinitis (NAR), postulated pathophysiology and mechanisms of NAR including the role of transient receptor potential (TRP) ion channels and discusses the potential therapeutic benefits of capsaicin in the treatment of chronic rhinitis subtypes, specifically NAR...
2014: Progress in Drug Research. Fortschritte der Arzneimittelforschung. Progrès des Recherches Pharmaceutiques
William E Berger, Shailen Shah, Phil Lieberman, James Hadley, David Price, Ullrich Munzel, Sanjay Bhatia
BACKGROUND: MP29-02 is a novel intranasal formulation of azelastine hydrochloride and fluticasone propionate (FP) in an advanced delivery system for the treatment of seasonal allergic rhinitis. OBJECTIVE: The objective of this study was to evaluate the long-term safety of MP29-02 in subjects with chronic allergic (perennial) or nonallergic (vasomotor) rhinitis. METHODS: This was a 1-year, randomized, open-label, active-controlled, parallel-group study in subjects with chronic allergic or nonallergic rhinitis...
March 2014: Journal of Allergy and Clinical Immunology in Practice
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