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Vasomotor rhinitis

Giorgio Ciprandi, Matteo Gelardi
Inflammatory rhinitis is a very common disorder. It includes allergic rhinitis (AR) and non-allergic rhinitis (NAR). Nasal inflammation is shared by both disorders. So, anti-inflammatory treatment is indicated for both. Beclomethasone dipropionate (BDP) is a corticosteroid that is long time available both as intranasal spray and aerosol solution. BDP is a corticosteroid with proved efficacy in the treatment of rhinitis, both as spray and aerosol. Safety issue has been satisfactory explored, thus BDP is usually safe and well tolerated...
April 2018: Recenti Progressi in Medicina
Changwoo Han, Yun-Chul Hong
The first ferronickel manufacturing factory of the Republic of Korea was opened in Gwangyang City on October, 23rd, 2008. There has been public concern regarding heavy metal dust blown from the factory and slag disposal site. Therefore, we evaluated the health impact of the ferronickel factory on Gwangyang City residents by using interrupted time series analysis. We analyzed the monthly incidence patterns of asthma, allergic rhinitis, and dermatitis in Gwangyang City residents from 2004 to 2014. Data were gathered from the National Health Insurance Service database which covers all the hospital use data of entire city residents...
May 2018: Environment International
D S Smirnov, O M Kurbacheva
There is considered modern classification of rhinitis and the accents in diagnostic and therapeutic approaches to patients with this disease are indicated, as well as the possibilities of using topical intranasal antihistamines in the treatment of allergic, vasomotor and medicamentous rhinitis.
2017: Vestnik Otorinolaringologii
Desiderio Passali, Chiara Cappello, Giulio Cesare Passali, Cemal Cingi, Codrut Sarafoleanu, Luisa Maria Bellussi
Background: Mucociliary clearance is the main self-clearing system of the nasal cavity and paranasal sinuses.This is a very important means of non specific defence against continuous organic and inorganic contamination conveyed by air. It works by trapping particles and microorganisms in the mucus and then by transporting the mucous film to the pharynx where it is eliminated with a cough or swallowed. Its congenital or acquired abnormalities are involved in the occurrence of widespread infectious and often severe nose and paranasal sinuses diseases; generally concerning the rhinopharyngealtubal district...
2017: Multidisciplinary Respiratory Medicine
Eugenio De Corso, Daniela Lucidi, Mariapina Battista, Matteo Romanello, Carla De Vita, Silvia Baroni, Chiara Autilio, Jacopo Galli, Gaetano Paludetti
BACKGROUND: We evaluated the prognostic value of nasal cytology and clinical factors in predicting nasal polyp (NP) development in patients with history of nonallergic chronic sinonasal inflammation. METHODS: This was a retrospective case-control study of 295 patients followed at our institution for a mean of 85.70 ± 19.41 months. According to the inclusion criteria we enrolled 84 cases with persistent eosinophilic nonallergic sinonasal inflammation (group A) and 106 cases with neutrophilic inflammation (group B), both without evidence of NPs at the baseline...
September 2017: International Forum of Allergy & Rhinology
L Lin, Q Lu, X Y Tang, F Dai, J J Wei
Objective: To observe the therapeutic effect of simple 3.0% saline nasal irrigation and combined treatment of 3.0% saline nasal irrigation and budesonide nasal spray for vasomotor rhinitis (VMR), and explore the long-term effect for VMR. Through examination of levels of substance P (SP) and mucin (MUC)5B in nasal lavage fluid, the mechanisms of nasal irrigation treatment for VMR was discussed. Methods: One hundred and one patients from Department of Otorhinolaryngology Head and Neck Surgery, Huashan Hospital of Fudan University with VMR were randomly divided into 4 groups...
June 7, 2017: Zhonghua Er Bi Yan Hou Tou Jing Wai Ke za Zhi, Chinese Journal of Otorhinolaryngology Head and Neck Surgery
F Sommer, J Lindemann, M-O Scheithauer, T K Hoffmann, J A Veit
The nose forms the first 8 cm of the upper respiratory tract and is responsible for cleansing, humidification, and temperature control of the supplied air. This is also referred to as conditioning. The nasal valve region, formed by the head of the lower nasal concha, portions of the cartilaginous septum, and the upper lateral cartilage, is responsible for diffusing and accelerating the respiratory airflow. Prerequisite are regular mucociliary clearance and sufficient air passage. Hypertrophy of the lower nasal turbinate is one of the most common causes of symptomatic nasal congestion...
May 2017: HNO
Justin C Greiwe, Jonathan A Bernstein
Allergic rhinitis and other rhinitis subtypes are increasingly becoming some of the most prevalent and expensive medical conditions that affect the U.S. POPULATION: Both direct health care costs and indirect costs significantly impact the health care system due to delays in diagnosis, lack of treatment, ineffective treatment, poor medication adherence, and associated comorbidities. Many patients who have AR turn to over-the-counter medications for relief but often find themselves dissatisfied with the results...
November 1, 2016: American Journal of Rhinology & Allergy
D I Trukhan, A L Mazurov, L A Rechapova
AIM: to assess the efficacy and safety of the medication Grippferon with loratadine for the prevention of acute respiratory viral infections (ARVI) and influenza during the epidemics. MATERIAL AND METHODS: This study included 103 patients (67 men and 36 women) aged 18 to 52 years (mean age 35.3±3.2 years). During the first visit (september 2015), we collected patient history data on the average rate of ARVI and influenza for the past three years, the disease duration and its symptoms, presence of concomitant allergic pathologies (such as vasomotor rhinitis, hay fever and urticaria) and food allergies...
2016: Terapevticheskiĭ Arkhiv
G A Gadzhimirzaev
This article deals with the history of the development of terminology and classification of allergic (vasomotor) rhinitis during the last 50 years.
2016: Vestnik Otorinolaringologii
Gül Soylu Özler
The author conducted a prospective study of patients who underwent septoplasty for nasal obstruction secondary to a septal deviation to determine if the location of the deviation had any association with the degree of postoperative pain. Patients with an anteroposterior deviation were not included in this study, nor were patients with vasomotor rhinitis, allergic rhinitis, nasal polyposis, turbinate pathologies, or a systemic disease; also excluded were patients who were taking any medication and those who had undergone any previous nasal surgery...
October 2016: Ear, Nose, & Throat Journal
Louis Jacob, Thomas Keil, Karel Kostev
BACKGROUND: Using routine healthcare data, the goal of this study was to examine the association between asthma and comorbid disorders in children in Germany. METHODS: Patients with a diagnosis of asthma documented by a German pediatrician in 2015 were identified. Demographic data included age and gender. Patients younger than 6 and older than 17 and individuals followed for less than a year before index date were excluded. Each patient was matched for age, sex, and physician with an asthma-free control...
December 2016: Pediatric Allergy and Immunology
Sammy Sinno, Karan Mehta, Z-Hye Lee, Sarah Kidwai, Pierre B Saadeh, Michael R Lee
BACKGROUND: Inferior turbinate hypertrophy is often encountered by plastic surgeons who perform rhinoplasty. Many treatment options are available to treat the inferior turbinate. The objective of this study was to systematically review outcomes of available techniques and provide guidance to surgical turbinate management. METHODS: A MEDLINE search was performed for means of treating inferior turbinate hypertrophy. Studies selected focused on treatment of the inferior turbinate in isolation and excluding patients with refractory allergic rhinitis, vasomotor rhinitis, or hypertrophic rhinitis...
September 2016: Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery
A O Eifan, S R Durham
Rhinitis is a heterogeneous condition that has been associated with inflammatory responses as in allergic rhinitis but can also occur in the absence of inflammation such as in so-called idiopathic (previously 'vasomotor') rhinitis. Allergic rhinitis affects approximately one in four of the population of westernized countries and is characterized by typical symptoms of nasal itching, sneezing, watery discharge and congestion. The intention of this review is to illustrate key concepts of the pathogenesis of rhinitis...
September 2016: Clinical and Experimental Allergy: Journal of the British Society for Allergy and Clinical Immunology
Lin Xi, Feifei Cao, Yuan Zhang, Luo Zhang
BACKGROUND: Allergic rhinitis (AR) is a chronic systemic allergic disease with an association reported between allergy and anxiety. The objective of the current study was therefore to investigate and retrospectively evaluate the factors that may possibly induce state and trait anxiety among patients with AR and vasomotor rhinitis (VMR). METHODS: A total of 253 outpatients suffering from AR and 108 suffering from VMR were assessed for nasal symptoms experienced during the 14 days prior to assessment...
November 2016: International Forum of Allergy & Rhinology
Phillip L Lieberman, Peter Smith
Chronic nonallergic rhinitis (NAR) is a syndrome rather than a specific disease. A lack of understanding of the pathogenesis of this condition has led to imprecise terminology with several alternate names for the condition, including vasomotor rhinitis, nonallergic rhinopathy, and idiopathic rhinitis. The therapy for NAR is best based on the underlying pathology, which typically exists in a form whereby an abnormality of the autonomic nervous system is dominant or a form in which inflammation seems to be the cause of symptoms...
May 2016: Immunology and Allergy Clinics of North America
Anders Ehnhage, Pernilla Sahlstrand Johnsson, Cecilia Ahlström-Emanuelsson, Morgan Andersson, Johan Knutsson, Jacob Lien, Tomas Norlander, Petter Olsson, Jan-Eric Friis-Liby, Mats Holmström
CONCLUSIONS: The potential effects of KOS are still uncertain regarding the most effective air pressure to be used as well as the physiological effects on the nasal mucosa. The results of the study do not support a convincing treatment effect by KOS on IR. OBJECTIVES: Idiopathic rhinitis (IR) is a common disorder, affecting ∼10-20% of the population. A new method for treating IR, Kinetic Oscillation Stimulation (KOS), has been reported to have beneficial effects on total vasomotor symptom scores (TVRSS)...
August 2016: Acta Oto-laryngologica
M Gelardi, L Iannuzzi, N Quaranta, M Landi, G Passalacqua
Nasal cytology is a simple and safe diagnostic procedure that allows to assess the normal and pathological aspects of the nasal mucosa, by identifying and counting the cell types and their morphology. It can be easily performed by a nasal scraping followed by May-Grunwald-Giemsa staining and optical microscopy reading. This procedure allows to identify the normal cells (ciliated and mucinous), the inflammatory cells (lymphocytes, neutrophils, eosinophils, mast cells), bacteria, or fungal hyphae/spores. Apart from the normal cell population, some specific cytological patterns can be of help in discriminating among various diseases...
June 2016: Clinical and Experimental Allergy: Journal of the British Society for Allergy and Clinical Immunology
Seung Jin Lee, Bong Hwa Kang, Bong Seok Choi
PURPOSE: In addition to regulating calcium and phosphorus homeostasis and bone metabolism, vitamin D is known as an immune modulator. Recently, there has been increased worldwide interest in the association between low levels of vitamin D and allergic diseases. The purpose of this study was to assess the relationship between serum vitamin D levels and allergic/vasomotor rhinitis (AR/VR) in children. METHODS: This study included 164 patients. The sample included 59 patients with AR, 42 patients with VR, and 63 controls...
September 2015: Korean Journal of Pediatrics
E Dzięciołowska-Baran, A Gawlikowska-Sroka, M Mularczyk
The most common diseases of the upper respiratory tract in children treated by ear-nose-throat (ENT) specialists in ambulatory practice are infections, such as colds, rhinitis, sinusitis and pharyngitis, very frequently accompanied and promoted by chronic nasal obstructions of various etiology. These diseases, when treated incorrectly or for too long, cause frequent school absenteeism and may also lead to hearing disorders linked with acute or suppurative otitis. They may also habitually perpetuate abnormal breathing and result in occlusal disorders...
2015: Advances in Experimental Medicine and Biology
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