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subaortic stenosis

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29327146/mid-term-outcome-of-100-consecutive-ross-procedures-excellent-survival-but-yet-to-be-a-cure
#1
Corina Zimmermann, Christine Attenhofer Jost, René Prêtre, Christoph Mueller, Matthias Greutmann, Burkhardt Seifert, Emanuela Valsangiacomo Büchel, Oliver Kretschmar, Hitendu Hasmukhlal Dave, Roland Weber
The Ross procedure offers excellent short-term outcome but the long-term durability is under debate. Reinterventions and follow-up of 100 consecutive patients undergoing Ross Procedure at our centre (1993-2011) were analysed. Follow-up was available for 96 patients (97%) with a median duration of 5.3 (0.1-17.1) years. Median age of the patient cohort was 15.2 (0.04-58.4) years with 76 males. 93% had underlying congenital aortic stenosis. Root replacement technique was applied in all. The most common valved conduits used for reconstruction of the right ventricular outflow tract were homografts (66 patients) and bovine jugular vein (ContegraR) graft (31 patients)...
January 12, 2018: Pediatric Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29310563/evaluation-of-factors-associated-with-achievement-of-biventricular-repair-after-bilateral-pulmonary-artery-banding-in-patients-with-interrupted-aortic-arch
#2
Yasuhiro Hirano, Noboru Inamura, Yukiko Kawazu, Hisaaki Aoki, Futoshi Kayatani, Shigemitsu Iwai, Hiroaki Kawata
BACKGROUND: At our institution, we perform bilateral pulmonary artery banding (BPAB) as the first-stage palliation for interrupted aortic arch (IAA) with low birth weight or severe subaortic stenosis (SAS). The present study aimed to identify factors that may influence the decision regarding the type of second-stage operation, that is, univentricular palliation or biventricular repair, in these patients. METHODS: Cardiac catheterization and angiographic data of nine patients with IAA who underwent initial BPAB and subsequent univentricular or biventricular repair were retrospectively analyzed...
January 2018: World Journal for Pediatric & Congenital Heart Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29190641/intracardiac-anatomical-relationships-and-potential-for-streaming-in-double-inlet-left-ventricles
#3
Sophie L Meyer, Monique R Jongbloed, Siew Y Ho, Margot M Bartelings, Karen P McCarthy, Hideki Uemura, Tjark Ebels
The aim of this study was to gain better understanding of the variable anatomical features of double inlet left ventricle hearts without cavopulmonary connection that would potentially facilitate favorable streaming. Thirty-nine post-mortem specimens of double inlet left ventricle without cavopulmonary connection were investigated. The focus was on anatomical characteristics that could influence the flow and separation of deoxygenated and oxygenated blood in the ventricles. Elements of interest were the ventriculoarterial connection, the spatial relationship of the ventricles, the position and size of the great arteries, the ventricular septal defect, the presence of relative outflow tract stenosis and the relationship of the inflow and outflow tracts...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29187205/combined-double-chambered-right-ventricle-tricuspid-valve-dysplasia-ventricular-septal-defect-and-subaortic-stenosis-in-a-dog
#4
Iuliu Scurtu, Flaviu Tabaran, Mircea Mircean, Gavril Giurgiu, Andras Nagy, Cornel Catoi, Dan G Ohad
BACKGROUND: Double chambered right ventricle (DCRV) is a congenital heart anomaly where the right ventricle is divided into two chambers. We describe, for the first time, an unusual combination of DCRV combined with some other congenital heart defects. CASE PRESENTATION: A 1.2-year-old Golden Retriever was presented with lethargy, exercise intolerance and ascites. Physical examination revealed an irregularly irregular pulse and a grade V/VI, systolic, right cranial murmur...
November 29, 2017: BMC Veterinary Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29174590/double-outlet-right-ventricle-with-subpulmonary-ventricular-septal-defect-taussig-bing-anomaly-and-other-complex-congenital-cardiac-malformations-in-an-american-quarter-horse-foal
#5
Rebecca Kohnken, Karsten Schober, Jennifer Godman, Alison Gardner, Tiffany Jenkins, Eric Schroeder, Peter Baker, Laura Dunbar
A 4-week-old American Quarter Horse colt presented with a recent history of diarrhea and decreased activity level. On initial physical examination, the animal was bright and alert and major findings were limited to a loud systolic heart murmur radiating widely over both sides of the thorax. While in the hospital, the clinical condition of the foal warranted further imaging to determine the cause and extent of cardiac disease. A variety of congenital cardiac malformations were identified during echocardiographic examination and autopsy, including a double outlet right ventricle and a subpulmonary interventricular septal defect (Taussig-Bing anomaly), ventricular inversion with atrioventricular discordance, tricuspid valve atresia, a septum primum interatrial septal defect, mitral valve dysplasia with a cleft in the septal mitral valve cusp, aortic, and subaortic stenosis, tubular hypoplasia of the ascending aorta and the aortic arch, a patent ductus arteriosus, an aberrant circumflex coronary artery, and aberrant left and right subclavian arteries...
November 21, 2017: Journal of Veterinary Cardiology: the Official Journal of the European Society of Veterinary Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29023732/murmur-intensity-in-adult-dogs-with-pulmonic-and-subaortic-stenosis-reflects-disease-severity
#6
D Caivano, D Dickson, M Martin, M Rishniw
OBJECTIVES: The aims of this study were to determine whether murmur intensity in adult dogs with pulmonic stenosis or subaortic stenosis reflects echocardiographic disease severity and to determine whether a six-level murmur grading scheme provides clinical advantages over a four-level scheme. MATERIALS AND METHODS: In this retrospective multi-investigator study on adult dogs with pulmonic stenosis or subaortic stenosis, murmur intensity was compared to echocardiographically determined pressure gradient across the affected valve...
October 11, 2017: Journal of Small Animal Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28939249/sudden-cardiac-death-in-a-dog-during-holter-recording-r-on-t-phenomenon
#7
T Gunasekaran, R A Sanders
A 6-year-old castrated male Golden Retriever was diagnosed with severe subaortic stenosis with severe left atrial enlargement and high heart rate due to atrial fibrillation. Treatment with digoxin and diltiazem to control ventricular response rate was initiated. Ambulatory electrocardiographic monitoring (Holter monitoring) was performed at the beginning of treatment and was repeated to evaluate the patient's response to drug therapy. Drug dose adjustments were made based on response to therapy as assessed by Holter monitoring...
October 2017: Journal of Veterinary Cardiology: the Official Journal of the European Society of Veterinary Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28878105/percutaneous-balloon-dilation-of-discrete-subaortic-stenosis-a-futile-exercise
#8
Nagaraja Moorthy, Rajiv Ananthakrishna, Dattatreya P V Rao, Satvic C Manjunath, Manjunath C Nanjappa
Discrete subaortic stenosis (DSS) is a progressive obstruction of left ventricular outflow tract (LVOT) resulting in the development of aortic regurgitation in its natural course. Hence, early intervention is recommended. Percutaneous balloon dilation of DSS has been reported and can substantially reduce LVOT pressure gradient. The response to balloon dilation of DSS is transient and may complicate with chordal or papillary muscle rupture. Hence, balloon dilation of DSS should be discouraged.
September 2017: Journal of Invasive Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28820560/severe-valvular-aortic-stenosis-and-fixed-subvalvular-aortic-stenosis-a-rare-and-challenging-combination
#9
Ayman Elbadawi, Marwan Saad, Islam Y Elgendy, Basarat Baig, Farhad Abtahian
A 58-year-old man with a history of hypertension presented with accelerating angina. Transthoracic echocardiography revealed a thickened aortic valve with pressure gradients and an estimated aortic valve area suggestive of mild aortic stenosis. Left heart catheterization demonstrated non-significant coronary artery disease. Pressure tracings showed a high left ventricular pressure and a mean gradient across the aortic valve of 69 mmHg. Subsequent transesophageal echocardiography revealed a subvalvular aortic stenosis that was secondary to the subaortic membrane, with severe valvular aortic stenosis...
March 2017: Journal of Heart Valve Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28770306/prenatal-echocardiographic-predictors-of-postnatal-management-strategy-in-the-fetus-with-right-ventricle-hypoplasia-and-pulmonary-atresia-or-stenosis
#10
Li Cao, Zhiyun Tian, Jack Rychik
Fetuses with pulmonary atresia or pulmonary stenosis with intact ventricular septum manifest variable degrees of right ventricle hypoplasia and inadequacy. We studied the relationship between prenatal echocardiographic parameters and their progression through gestation as potential predictors of postnatal single-ventricle or two-ventricle care strategy. Serial fetal echocardiograms of pulmonary atresia (n = 28) or severe pulmonary stenosis (n = 8) and intact ventricular septum were reviewed. Measurements included tricuspid valve and mitral valve diameter and Z scores, degree of tricuspid regurgitation, presence of subaortic stenosis, presence of coronary artery fistulae, and Doppler pulsatility indices in middle cerebral and umbilical artery...
December 2017: Pediatric Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28655532/surgical-relief-of-left-ventricular-outflow-tract-obstruction-in-adults-with-congenital-aortic-stenosis-and-associated-aortic-annulus-hypoplasia-and-or-subaortic-obstruction
#11
Tanveer Ahmad, Amalan Thuraisingam, Marco Larobina, Peter Skillington
BACKGROUND: In children and adolescents, a Ross/Konno operation is commonly done to both enlarge the aortic root and provide a competent aortic valve with relief of left ventricular outflow tract obstruction (LVOTO). Optimum management is not so straightforward in adults. METHODS: Between 1995 and 2014, 16 patients of mean age 39.4 years (18-57 years) with hypoplastic aortic annulus (AA) measuring 20mm and less, and mean aortic valve/LVOT gradient of 61mmHg (30-70mmHg) presented for surgery...
June 3, 2017: Heart, Lung & Circulation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28636718/trends-and-outcomes-of-off-label-use-of-transcatheter-aortic-valve-replacement-insights-from-the-ncdr-sts-acc-tvt-registry
#12
Ravi S Hira, Sreekanth Vemulapalli, Zhuokai Li, James M McCabe, John S Rumsfeld, Samir R Kapadia, Mahboob Alam, Hani Jneid, Creighton Don, Mark Reisman, Salim S Virani, Neal S Kleiman
Importance: Transcatheter aortic valve replacement (TAVR) was approved by the US Food and Drug Administration for severe aortic stenosis in patients who cannot undergo surgery and for patients at high operative risk. Use of TAVR for off-label indications has not been previously reported. Objective: To evaluate patterns and adverse outcomes of off-label use of TAVR in US clinical practice. Design, Setting and Participants: Patients receiving commercially funded TAVR in the United States are included in the Transcatheter Valve Therapy Registry...
August 1, 2017: JAMA Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28633276/heart-failure-caused-by-misdiagnosed-subaortic-stenosis-in-adulthood-lesson-for-daily-practice
#13
Gabriela Dostálová, Zuzana Hlubocká, Tomáš Paleček, Vladimír Černý, Tomáš Grus, Jaroslav Lindner, Aleš Linhart
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
July 2017: Annals of Thoracic Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28609808/resection-of-subaortic-membrane-for-discrete-subaortic-stenosis
#14
Sachin Talwar, Abhishek Anand, Saurabh Kumar Gupta, Sivasubramanian Ramakrishnan, Shyam Sunder Kothari, Anita Saxena, Rajnish Juneja, Shiv Kumar Choudhary, Balram Airan
BACKGROUND: We reviewed the long-term results of surgery for discrete subaortic membrane (SubAM) from a single institute. METHODS: A retrospective review of medical records of all patients (n = 146) who underwent resection of a SubAM for discrete subaortic stenosis between 1990 and 2015 at the All India Institute of Medical Sciences, New Delhi, India was undertaken. RESULTS: Median age at surgery was 9.0 years (9 months-47 years). There was one early death...
July 2017: Journal of Cardiac Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28557866/imaging-adult-patients-with-discrete-subvalvar-aortic-stenosis
#15
Alexander R Opotowsky, Sarah S Pickard, Tal Geva
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: Distinction between discrete subvalvar aortic stenosis and other causes of left ventricular outflow obstruction has important implications for predicting natural history and guiding the timing and type of intervention. Imaging, primarily transthoracic echocardiography (TTE), plays a pivotal role in the diagnosis and management of adults with subvalvar aortic stenosis. RECENT FINDINGS: Most systematic research on imaging of subvalvar aortic stenosis has focused on echocardiography...
September 2017: Current Opinion in Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28508142/when-is-it-better-to-wait-surgical-timing-and-recurrence-risk-for-children-undergoing-repair-of-subaortic-stenosis
#16
Brett R Anderson, Jennifer E Tingo, Julie S Glickstein, Paul J Chai, Emile A Bacha, Alejandro J Torres
Recurrence of subaortic stenosis (SAS) after surgery is common in children. The effects of patient characteristics and surgical timing on disease recurrence are largely unknown. We performed a retrospective study, assessing the relative effects of patient age and left ventricular outflow tract (LVOT) gradient on the need for reoperation for recurrent SAS. We included all children <20 years of age who underwent initial surgical resection of SAS at our center, January 2003-December 2013. Stratified logistic regression was performed, considering the effects of patient demographics, clinical characteristics, echocardiographic parameters, and operative technique, and clustering standard errors by surgeon...
August 2017: Pediatric Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28330643/transcatheter-treatment-of-subaortic-stenosis-via-transcaval-access
#17
Norihiko Kamioka, Ateet Patel, Stamatios Lerakis, Ioannis Parastatidis, Jessica Forcillo, Frank Corrigan, Vinod Thourani, Peter Block, Vasilis Babaliaros
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
April 10, 2017: JACC. Cardiovascular Interventions
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28225973/do-you-know-this-syndrome-leopard-syndrome
#18
Flávio Heleno da Silva Queiroz Cançado, Luis Candido Pinto da Silva, Paulo Franco Taitson, Ana Carolina Dias Viana de Andrade, Matheus Melo Pithon, Dauro Douglas Oliveira
Hypertrophic cardiomyopathy is known as Leopard syndrome, which is a mnemonic rule for multiple lentigines (L), electrocardiographic conduction abnormalities (E), ocular hypertelorism (O), pulmonary stenosis (P), abnormalities of genitalia (A), retardation of growth (R), and deafness (D). We report the case of a 12-year-old patient with some of the abovementioned characteristics: hypertelorism, macroglossia, lentigines, hypospadias, cryptorchidism, subaortic stenosis, growth retardation, and hearing impairment...
January 2017: Anais Brasileiros de Dermatologia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28203542/robotic-trans-atrial-and-trans-mitral-ventricular-septal-resection
#19
REVIEW
W Randolph Chitwood
Localized ventricular septal hypertrophy, also known as idiopathic hypertrophic subaortic stenosis or idiopathic hypertrophic subaortic septal obstruction (IHSS), can create severe ventricular outflow obstruction. This often results in a high sub-aortic pressure gradient with potentially lethal symptoms. In 1960, Braunwald described the hemodynamic characteristics of IHSS, and thereafter, Morrow developed a trans-aortic approach to resect a large part of the ventricular septum, enlarging the outflow tract. The Morrow operation has remained the gold standard for surgically treating this pathology...
January 2017: Annals of Cardiothoracic Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28117226/aortoseptal-angle-and-pressure-gradient-reduction-following-balloon-valvuloplasty-in-dogs-with-severe-subaortic-stenosis
#20
L Shen, A H Estrada, E Côté, M A Powell, B Winter, K Lamb
INTRODUCTION: To determine the relationship between aortoseptal angle (AoSA) and the short- and long-term systolic pressure gradient (PG) reduction following combined cutting and high-pressure balloon valvuloplasty (CB/HPBV) in dogs with severe subaortic stenosis. ANIMALS: Retrospective study of 22 client-owned dogs of various breeds with severe subaortic stenosis (mean left ventricular to aortic PG = 143 mmHg; range = 80-322 mmHg) that underwent CB/HPBV...
April 2017: Journal of Veterinary Cardiology: the Official Journal of the European Society of Veterinary Cardiology
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