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Navicular fractures

Arzu Ozcan Akcal, Kerim Ünal, Tahsin Gorgulu, Mehmet Akif Akcal, Zekiye Bigat
In this report we present two cases of gunshot injury related midfoot defects, reconstructed with a chimeric partial scapula and latissimus dorsi muscle flap and short perforator-based skin flap. The first case, a 14 years old male, had 10 × 8 cm medial plantar and 6 × 4 cm dorsal foot defects and the second case, a 55 years old female, had only 8 × 6 cm dorsal foot defect. In both cases the defects were associated with fractures, one with lateral cuneiform and cuboid with 90% bone loss and the other with navicular bone, respectively...
October 2016: Microsurgery
Hassan Alnaeem, Salah Aldekhayel, Johnathan Kanevsky, Omar Fouda Neel
PURPOSE: The optimal management of undisplaced scaphoid fractures remains controversial. A systematic review was conducted to assess the outcomes of acute, undisplaced scaphoid fractures managed with cast immobilization versus percutaneous or miniopen screw fixation in terms of time to return to work (RTW), time to union, and morbidity. METHODS: PubMed MEDLINE, Ovid MEDLINE, EMBASE, SCOPUS, and Cochrane electronic databases were searched over the period 1974 to 2015...
October 1, 2016: Journal of Hand Surgery
W Eraly, J Mertens, F Vanhoenacker, K Peers
BACKGROUND: An osteochondral lesion of the navicular bone in the foot is rare. Differentiation from a stress fracture is difficult, since both lesions usually present as vague pain in the midfoot in active young adults. However, the typical location differs. SPECT-CT allows an etiological diagnosis to be made. As management differs for the two lesions, a correct diagnosis is important. CASE DESCRIPTION: A 19-year-old male athlete had pain in the dorsal right midfoot on weight-bearing...
2016: Nederlands Tijdschrift Voor Geneeskunde
Chun-Guang Li, Guang-Rong Yu, Yun-Feng Yang, Bing Li
OBJECTIVE: To assess a classification system for midfoot injury that was based on the characteristics of the foot malunion and to evaluate the suggested treatment strategies. METHODS: This retrospective review of data from patients with posttraumatic midfoot malunion categorized each foot deformity into one of three types based on the foot arch and then separated these categories into one of three subtypes based on the forefoot deformity. According to the types of malunion, fascio-cutaneous flap, osteotomy, joint arthrodesis or realignment was used to correct the deformity...
August 2016: Journal of International Medical Research
Maj Uma E Ramadorai, Matthew W Beuchel, Bruce J Sangeorzan
Fractures of the tarsal navicular are commonly the result of trauma or chronic overload. Because of its complex anatomy and blood supply, the tarsal navicular is susceptible to osteonecrosis, and injury to this bone can lead to posttraumatic arthrosis of the surrounding joints. Diagnosis of the injury, especially in patients with stress fractures, can require a high index of suspicion and the use of advanced imaging. The treatment of stress fracture is controversial and ranges from immobilization in a non-weight-bearing cast or boot to internal fixation with or without bone grafting...
June 2016: Journal of the American Academy of Orthopaedic Surgeons
Brian Tollefson, James Nichols, Stephen Fromang, Richard L Summers
INTRODUCTION: Differentiating the severity of acute ankle injuries is a common problem in the emergency department (ED). The Ottawa Foot and Ankle Rules (OFAR) were designed to obviate the need for unnecessary x-rays. Although these rules have been determined to be very sensitive, they lack the specificity necessary to make them practically useful for a condition in which a misdiagnosis could result in a significant disability. Our study objective was to determine if the addition of a bedside ultrasound (US) to the evaluation process could be used to significantly reduce the number of negative x-rays in OFAR positive patients...
February 2016: Journal of the Mississippi State Medical Association
Ellen J van der Zaag, Erik A W S Weerts, Antoon J M van den Belt, Willem Back
BACKGROUND: Navicular bone partition is a rare condition reported in horses, which is during the evaluation of a lameness or prepurchase examination often misinterpreted for a parasagittal fracture. In this report, the clinicopathological findings of three cases of navicular bone partition are evaluated. The possible pathomechanisms underlying the condition are hypothesised, focusing on a potential origin of foetal vascular disturbance. This study is furthermore aiming at a clearer and earlier recognition of navicular bone partition, since this condition would finally predispose for a clinical lameness with a poor prognosis...
2016: BMC Veterinary Research
Praveen-Kumar Pandey, Inder Pawar, Sandeep-Kumar Beniwal, Raaghav-R Verma
A 33 years old female patient presented with posttraumatic pain in the right foot for which radiographs of the right foot was advised. No fracture was detected on radiographs and patient was managed conservatively on medications and posterior splint immobilization. We found coincidentally a short fourth metatarsal and an accessory navicular bone in the right foot radiographs. After 3 weeks of immobilization, she underwent mobilization of the right foot, weight bearing and intensive physio- therapy for 6 weeks...
2016: Chinese Journal of Traumatology, Zhonghua Chuang Shang za Zhi
Kelly C McInnis, Lindsay N Ramey
Stress fractures are common overuse injuries in athletes. They occur during periods of increased training without adequate rest, disrupting normal bone reparative mechanisms. There are a host of intrinsic and extrinsic factors, including biochemical and biomechanical, that put athletes at risk. In most stress fractures, the diagnosis is primarily clinical, with imaging indicated at times, and management focused on symptom-free relative rest with advancement of activity as tolerated. Overall, stress fractures in athletes have an excellent prognosis for return to sport, with little risk of complication...
March 2016: PM & R: the Journal of Injury, Function, and Rehabilitation
Tetyana Gorbachova, Peter S Wang, Bing Hu, Jay C Horrow
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the significance of plantar talar head injury (PTHI) in predicting osseous and soft tissue injuries on ankle MRI. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The IRB approved this HIPAA-compliant retrospective study. The study group consisted of 41 ankle MRIs with PTHI that occurred at our institution over a 5 ½ year period. Eighty MRIs with bone injuries in other locations matched for age, time interval since injury, and gender formed a control group. Injuries to the following structures were recorded: medial malleolus, lateral malleolus/distal fibula, posterior malleolus, talus, calcaneus, navicular, cuboid, lateral, medial and syndesmotic ligaments, spring ligament complex, and extensor digitorum brevis (EDB) muscle...
June 2016: Skeletal Radiology
Jonathan C Baker, Eric G Hoover, Travis J Hillen, Matthew V Smith, Rick W Wright, David A Rubin
BACKGROUND: In ice hockey players, serious bone injuries in the foot and ankle, especially those attributed to impact from the moving puck, may be radiographically occult and underrecognized. PURPOSE/HYPOTHESIS: The purpose of this research was to study foot and ankle bone injuries detected with magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) that occurred in elite hockey players. The hypothesis was that these injuries predominate medially, especially when caused by the impact from the puck, and are associated with prolonged lost playing time...
May 2016: American Journal of Sports Medicine
Kaziz Hamdi, Ben Ghozlen Hazem, Zitoun Yadh, Abid Faouzi
Isolated dislocation of the tarsal naviculum is an unusual injury, scarcely reported in the literature. The naviculum is surrounded by the rigid bony and ligamentous support hence fracture dislocation is more common than isolated dislocation. The mechanism and treatment options remain unclear. In this case report, we describe a 31 year old man who sustained an isolated dorsal dislocation of the left tarsal naviculum, without fracture, when he was involved in a motor vehicle collision. The reported mechanism of the dislocation is a hyper plantar flexion force applied to the midfoot, resulting in a transient disruption of the ligamentous support of the naviculum bone, with dorsal displacement of the bone...
November 2015: Indian Journal of Orthopaedics
Varun Kumar Singh, Abhishek Kashyap, Gauresh Vargaonkar, Ramesh Kumar
An isolated dislocation of tarsal navicular is extremely rare injury. Usually it is associated with fracture of navicular itself or other tarsal bones of foot along with disruption of medial or lateral column of foot. Mechanism of injury is complex but usually a severe abduction force is required to produce such injury in a planter flexed foot. A 30 year old male presented with isolated navicular dislocation. Management required open reduction and fixation with k-wires. These injuries have specific complications including avascular necrosis of navicular and post-traumatic arthritis...
March 2015: Journal of Clinical Orthopaedics and Trauma
Pasquale Farsetti, Roberto Caterini, Vito Potenza, Massimiliano Dragoni, Ernesto Ippolito
The authors report the results of long-term follow-up in 29 patients treated for non-union of the carpal navicular with a modified Murray technique performed through a lateral approach. Mean patient age at surgery was 22.5 years. Average time from injury to surgery for nonunion was 18 months. In 5 cases, mild signs of osteoarthritis of the radioscaphoid joint (scaphoid nonunion advanced collapse [SNAC] stage I) were present before surgery, and in 2 cases, radiographic signs of avascular necrosis of the proximal nonunion fragment were evident...
September 2015: Orthopedics
Christopher E Gross, James A Nunley
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 2015: Foot & Ankle International
Sandro Giannini, Matteo Cadossi, Antonio Mazzotti, Laura Ramponi, Claudio Belvedere, Alberto Leardini
Professional athletes are often eager to resume sporting activities at preinjury levels. When facing the challenge of restoring joint function after a complex articular fracture, innovative solutions must be explored. We describe the results of what we believe to be the first custom-made talonavicular prosthesis implanted in a professional rock climber who had developed post-traumatic ankle and talonavicular arthritis as sequelae of a complex talar and navicular fracture. Using computed tomography scan reconstruction of the contralateral healthy ankle and direct metal laser sintering, a custom-made talonavicular prosthesis was obtained and implanted using an anteromedial approach...
July 28, 2015: Journal of Foot and Ankle Surgery: Official Publication of the American College of Foot and Ankle Surgeons
Alfonso Prada-Cañizares, Ismael Auñón-Martín, Jesús Vilá Y Rico, Juan Pretell-Mazzini
Subtalar dislocations were first described in 1811 as the simultaneous dislocation of the talo-calcaneal and talo-navicular joints without any tibio-talar or talar neck associated fractures. They were classified in 1853 as: medial, lateral, posterior and anterior based on the displacement of the foot in relationship to the talus. These are uncommon injuries, representing approximately 1 % of all traumatic injuries of the foot and 1-2 % of all dislocations, being associated with high energy trauma.Closed reduction of these dislocations should be performed as early as possible to avoid further damage to the skin and neurovascular structures...
May 2016: International Orthopaedics
Karen P Robinson, Mark B Davies
Dorsal talus avulsion fractures occurring along the supination line of the foot can cause pain and discomfort. Examination of the foot and ankle using the Ottawa ankle rules does not include examination of the talus, an injury here is easily missed causing concern to the patient. This is a retrospective study carried out in a major trauma centre to look at the assessment and diagnosis of all patients with a dorsal talus and navicular avulsion fractures over a one year period. Nineteen patients with an isolated dorsal talus avulsion fracture and five patients with an isolated dorsal navicular fracture were included...
October 2015: Injury
Marlon O Coulibaly, Clifford B Jones, Debra L Sietsema, Thomas A Schildhauer
BACKGROUND: Navicular fractures (NF) are uncommon. The purpose of this study was to compare results of operative (ORIF) and non-operative (NOT) treatment in NF. METHODS: A retrospective analysis was undertaken on patients diagnosed with NF between March 2002 and June 2007 at a Level I teaching trauma centre. Clinical outcome consisted of functional ability and complications. RESULTS: Eighty-eight patients with 90 fractures were identified including 56 males and 32 females with a mean age of 38 (range 17-72) and body mass index of 28...
August 2015: Injury
Derek A Seehausen, Liam R Harris, Robert M Kay, J Lee Pace
BACKGROUND: Accessory navicular (AN) is a common anatomic variant that is known to cause medial foot pain. Surgery may be required for excision if conservative measures fail. Often, the medial border of the navicular is excised in addition to the AN during surgery. The purpose of this radiographic study is to determine if the presence of an AN is associated with a wider or more prominent navicular in pediatric patients compared with normal controls. METHODS: This study included pediatric patients who received an initial plain anteroposterior foot radiograph between January 1, 2004 and December 31, 2012 and were between the ages of 10 and 20 years...
July 2016: Journal of Pediatric Orthopedics
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