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echocardiography and cardiology

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28087308/myocardial-inotropic-reserve-an-old-twist-that-constitutes-a-reliable-index-in-the-modern-era-of-heart-failure
#1
REVIEW
Fragkiskos Parthenakis, Spyridon Maragkoudakis, Maria Marketou, Alexandros Patrianakos, Evaggelos Zacharis, Panos Vardas
Current national and international guidelines, including those of the European Society of Cardiology, recognize that the assessment of prognosis should be a part of the standard management for patients with chronic heart failure (CHF). However, these same guidelines recognize the inherent difficulty of this process. A variety of factors contribute to this difficulty, including the varying etiology, frequent co-morbidity and, perhaps most importantly, huge inter-individual variability in the disease progression and outcome...
November 22, 2016: Hellenic Journal of Cardiology: HJC, Hellēnikē Kardiologikē Epitheōrēsē
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28080919/restrictive-cardiomyopathy-and-secondary-congestive-heart-failure-in-a-mcdowell-s-carpet-python-morelia-spilota-mcdowelli
#2
Lionel Schilliger, Valérie Chetboul, Cécile Damoiseaux, Alexandra Nicolier
Echocardiography is an established and noninvasive diagnostic tool used in herpetologic cardiology. Various cardiac lesions have been previously described in reptiles with the exception of restrictive cardiomyopathy. In this case report, restrictive cardiomyopathy and congestive heart failure associated with left atrial and sinus venosus dilation were diagnosed in a 2-yr-old captive lethargic McDowell's carpet python ( Morelia spilota mcdowelli), based on echocardiographic, Doppler, and histopathologic examinations...
December 2016: Journal of Zoo and Wildlife Medicine: Official Publication of the American Association of Zoo Veterinarians
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28056281/-value-of-fragmented-qrs-wave-in-evaluating-the-prognosis-of-patients-with-coronary-artery-disease
#3
Y J Shi, Y F Sun, L Gao, Y D Chen, J L Wang, Q Dan, Y Zhang
Objective: The aim of the current study was to investigate the predictive value of fragmented QRS wave ( fQRS) for the prognosis of patients with coronary heart disease (CHD). Methods: A total of 714 consecutive patients with confirmed CHD were included from Department of Cardiology, General Hospital of PLA between January 2013 and January 2014, and were divided into fQRS group and non-fQRS group based on the presence of fQRS wave or not according to Electrocardiograph (ECG). The baseline, ECG characteristic value, the echocardiography results of the patients were compared between the two groups...
January 3, 2017: Zhonghua Yi Xue za Zhi [Chinese medical journal]
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28050472/use-of-lung-ultrasound-for-diagnosing-acute-heart-failure-in-emergency-department-of-southern-india
#4
Manav Aggarwal, Mrigakshi Gupta, Vikrant Vijan, Anjith Vupputuri, Sanjeev Chintamani, Bishnukiran Rajendran, Rajesh Thachathodiyal, Rajiv Chandrasekaran
INTRODUCTION: Diagnosing heart failure is often a challenge for the healthcare providers due to it's non-specific and usually subtle physical presentations. The outcomes for treatment are strongly related to the stage of the disease. Considering the importance of early and accurate diagnosis, it is important to have an easy, inexpensive, non-invasive, reliable and reproducible method for diagnosis of heart failure. Recent advancement in radiology and cardiology are supporting the emerging technique of lung ultrasound through B-line evaluation for identifying extravascular lung water...
November 2016: Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research: JCDR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28043739/canadian-cardiovascular-society-canadian-pediatric-cardiology-association-position-statement-on-pulse-oximetry-screening-in-newborns-to-enhance-detection-of-critical-congenital-heart-disease
#5
Kenny K Wong, Anne Fournier, Deborah S Fruitman, Lisa Graves, Derek G Human, Michael Narvey, Jennifer L Russell
Congenital heart disease is the most common congenital malformation and approximately 3 in 1000 newborns have critical congenital heart disease (CCHD). Timely diagnosis affects morbidity, mortality, and disability, and newborn pulse oximetry screening has been studied to enhance detection of CCHD. In this position statement we present an evaluation of the literature for pulse oximetry screening. Current detection strategies including prenatal ultrasound examination and newborn physical examination are limited by low diagnostic sensitivity...
October 26, 2016: Canadian Journal of Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28039604/socioeconomic-and-racial-disparities-a-case-control-study-of-patients-receiving-transcatheter-aortic-valve-replacement-for-severe-aortic-stenosis
#6
Anna Sleder, Shiloh Tackett, Matthew Cerasale, Chetan Mittal, Iyad Isseh, Ryhm Radjef, Andrew Taylor, Rashad Farha, Oleksandra Lupak, Dana Larkin, Lois Lamerato, George Divine, Kimberlydawn Wisdom, Kimberly Baker-Genaw, William O'Neill
BACKGROUND: We sought to quantify socioeconomic disparities in patients with severe aortic stenosis (AS) undergoing transcatheter aortic valve replacement (TAVR) at an urban, tertiary referral center. METHODS: This retrospective case-control study identified 67 patients with severe AS (aortic valve [AV] area ≤1 cm(2) or AV area index ≤0.60 cm(2)/m(2) or AV velocity ≥40 mmHg) who underwent TAVR from November 5, 2013 to June 10, 2014. Study subjects were matched to controls with severe AS without TAVR in a 4:1 age-frequency match...
December 30, 2016: Journal of Racial and Ethnic Health Disparities
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28012615/acc-aats-aha-ase-asnc-scai-scct-sts-2016-appropriate-use-criteria-for-coronary-revascularization-in-patients-with-acute-coronary-syndromes-a-report-of-the-american-college-of-cardiology-appropriate-use-criteria-task-force-american-association-for-thoracic-surgery
#7
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27988362/appropriate-use-criteria-of-transesophageal-echocardiography-in-greece-a-single-center-experience
#8
G Georgiopoulos, C Aggeli, A Laina, M Deligianni, D Oikonomou, S Lampridou, G Vogiatzi, D Tousoulis
INTRODUCTION: The American College of Cardiology Foundation (A.C.C.F) along with the American Society of Echocardiography (A.S.E.) have enabled an accurate and clinically oriented evaluation of echocardiography indications by introducing Appropriate Use Criteria (AUC). AIM: This study was designed to evaluate the degree of implementation of AUC for transesophageal echo (TEE) in daily clinical practice in a tertiary university hospital of Greece during the era of economic recession...
December 14, 2016: Hellenic Journal of Cardiology: HJC, Hellēnikē Kardiologikē Epitheōrēsē
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27986510/simulation-based-training-for-cardiology-procedures-are-we-any-further-forward-in-evidencing-real-world-benefits
#9
REVIEW
Christopher M Harrison, Jivendra N Gosai
Simulation-based training as an educational tool for healthcare professionals continues to grow in sophistication, scope, and usage. There have been a number of studies demonstrating the utility of the technique, and it is gaining traction as part of the training curricula for the next generation of cardiologists. In this review, we focus on the recent literature for the efficacy of simulation for practical procedures specific to cardiology, focusing on transesophageal echocardiography, cardiac catheterization, coronary angioplasty, and electrophysiology...
September 1, 2016: Trends in Cardiovascular Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27982544/cardiovascular-preclinical-imaging
#10
Stephan G Nekolla, Christoph Rischpler, Anna Paschali, Constantinos Anagnostopoulos
Non-invasive imaging in the form of single-photon emission-computed tomography (SPECT), positron-emission tomography (PET), computed tomography (CT), echocardiography or magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) is a very useful tool for cardiovascular research as it allows assessment of biological processes in vivo. Nuclear imaging with SPECT and PET offers the advantage of high sensitivity, the potential for serial imaging, and reliable quantification. Currently a wide range of established as well as innovative agents is available and can be imaged with dedicated preclinical and clinical SPECT and PET imaging systems...
March 2017: Quarterly Journal of Nuclear Medicine and Molecular Imaging
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27982159/comparative-study-between-perfusion-changes-and-positive-findings-on-coronary-flow-reserve
#11
Costantino Roberto Frack Costantini, Jose Antonio Ramires, Costantino Ortiz Costantini, Marcos Antonio Denk, Sergio Gustavo Tarbine, Marcelo de Freitas Santos, Daniel Aníbal Zanuttini, Carmen Weigert Silveira, Admar Moraes de Souza, Rafael Michel de Macedo
Background: Functional assessment of coronary artery obstruction is used in cardiology practice to correlate anatomic obstructions with flow decrease. Among such assessments, the study of the coronary fractional flow reserve (FFR) has become the most widely used. Objective: To evaluate the correlation between FFR and findings of ischemia obtained by noninvasive methods including stress echocardiography and nuclear medicine and the presence of critical coronary artery obstruction...
December 8, 2016: Arquivos Brasileiros de Cardiologia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27976640/cardiac-functions-assessment-in-children-with-celiac-disease-and-its-correlation-with-the-degree-of-mucosal-injury-doppler-tissue-imaging-study
#12
Abeer Fathy, Hany M Abo-Haded, Najat Al-Ahmadi, Marwa M El-Sonbaty
BACKGROUND/AIMS: Celiac disease (CD)-associated cardiologic disorders is a growing concern. However, data regarding cardiac affection in children with CD are few. This study aimed at assessing the subclinical impact of CD on the global myocardial performance in Saudi children with CD using Doppler tissue imaging (DTI). PATIENTS AND METHODS: Conventional two-dimensional echocardiography was performed among 20 Saudi children with CDas well as 20 age and sex-matched healthy controls...
November 2016: Saudi Journal of Gastroenterology: Official Journal of the Saudi Gastroenterology Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27968771/treatment-of-acute-cardiac-failure-in-the-emergency-department-improve-our-practices-data-from-the-resurcor-network
#13
L Belle, G Courtiol, L Lamboley, P Debax, P Pili, G Deschane, M Latappy, J Oberlin, A Drouet, C Ricard, C Morvan, F-X Ageron
BACKGROUND: In 2015, the European Society of cardiology published guidelines on the pre-hospital and early hospital management of acute cardiac failure (ACF), which included: - use of intravenous vasodilators (nitrates) when systolic blood pressure is>110mmHg; - non-invasive ventilation if oxygen saturation is<90% and/or respiratory rate is>25/min despite nasal oxygen; - using a reduced dose of intravenous furosemide (20-40mg or equivalent of the oral morning dose if already on chronic diuretic therapy) and; - early performance of echocardiography...
November 2016: Annales de Cardiologie et D'angéiologie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27934810/effect-of-hypertension-at-presentation-on-prognosis-in-patients-with-dilated-cardiomyopathy-presenting-with-normal-renal-angiogram
#14
Swetha Balije, Ashutosh Kumar, Goru Bhawani, Kasturi S N Murthy, Neera Kumari
BACKGROUND & OBJECTIVES: Dilated cardiomyopathy (DCM) is a progressive disease of heart with systolic and diastolic dysfunction carrying a poor long-term prognosis. The prognostic index and predictors of mortality are considered to be useful in guiding the treatment. This study was undertaken to evaluate the effects of hypertension at presentation on prognosis in patients with DCM presenting with normal renal and coronary angiogram. METHODS: An observational, analytical, non-interventional and a combination of retrospective and prospective study was conducted in patients between 15 and 75 yr of age with DCM having on and off symptoms while receiving treatment in a cardiology outpatient department for more than a year...
August 2016: Indian Journal of Medical Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27924959/effects-of-ramadan-fasting-on-body-composition-and-arterial-stiffness
#15
Yusuf Sezen, Ibrahim Halil Altiparmak, Muslihittin Emre Erkus, Aydemir Kocarslan, Zekeriya Kaya, Ozgur Gunebakmaz, Recep Demirbag
OBJECTIVE: To examine the effects of Ramadan fasting on body composition, arterial stiffness and resting heart rate. METHODS: This prospective study was conducted at the Department of Cardiology, Harran University, Sanliurfa, Turkey, during Ramadan 2015, and comprised overweight and obese males. Body composition, arterial stiffness and echocardiography were assessed before and after Ramadan. Body composition was assessed by bioelectrical impedance analysis using segmental body composition analyser...
December 2016: JPMA. the Journal of the Pakistan Medical Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27899427/a-56-year-old-woman-with-breathlessness
#16
Alastair J Moss, Marc R Dweck, Peter D O'Kane
CLINICAL INTRODUCTION: A 56-year-old female with adult-onset asthma was admitted to the cardiology service with intermittent left-sided chest pain and progressive dyspnoea. Twelve months prior to this admission, she had received a course of prednisolone for bilateral anterior uveitis. Physical examination was unremarkable with blood sampling revealing a marked eosinophilia (eosinophil count 17.3×10(9)/L) and a perinuclear antineutrophil cytoplasmic antibody staining pattern on indirect immunofluorescence microscopy (myeloperoxidase antibodies 83 IU/mL)...
November 29, 2016: Heart: Official Journal of the British Cardiac Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27881700/veno-venous-ecmo-as-a-safe-bridge-to-recovery-in-a-patient-with-severe-peripartum-cardiomyopathy-learning-from-errors
#17
Christopher Ull, Thomas Armin Schildhauer, Justus T Strauch, Andreas Mügge, Justyna Swol
Peripartum cardiomyopathy (PPCM) is a rare disorder of unknown etiology and pathogenesis. The most important tool for diagnostic confirmation is transthoracic echocardiography. The recommended management of PPCM in pregnancy is summarized by the European Society of Cardiology Heart Failure Guidelines. Few data exist on the treatment of patients with fulminant PPCM and the need for extracorporeal membrane oxygenation (ECMO) in this context. We report on a young multiparous woman with cardiogenic shock caused by severe PPCM who was successfully, but atypically, supported with veno-venous ECMO as a bridge to recovery immediately after the birth of her third child...
November 23, 2016: Perfusion
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27881009/late-cardiac-effect-of-anthracycline-therapy-in-physically-active-breast-cancer-survivors-a-prospective-study
#18
A C Nagy, P GulAcsi-BArdos, Z CserEp, L Hangody, T Forster
The late-onset cardiotoxic effect of anthracycline is known, however the early detection and prevention of subclinical myocardial damage has not been fully understood yet. Besides medical therapy regular physical activities may also play a role in the prevention and reduction of side effects of chemotherapy. The aim of our present study was to detect the effect of regular physical activities on the diastolic function and on the symptoms of late heart failure in case of anthracycline chemotherapy. The prospective study included 55 female patients (age 31-65 year, average 49...
November 24, 2016: Neoplasma
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27860542/successful-fetal-tele-echo-at-a-small-regional-hospital
#19
Julianna Brown, Brian Holland
BACKGROUND: Prenatal diagnosis of complex congenital heart disease (CHD) has been shown to improve newborn outcomes. The rate of prenatal diagnosis and access to fetal echocardiography vary widely across the United States. INTRODUCTION: A clinical fetal tele-echo service was established at King's Daughters Medical Center (KDMC) in Ashland, KY, a region in eastern Kentucky that is 3 h from the nearest congenital heart surgeon. The aim of this study was to determine if fetal tele-echo utilizing local sonographers at a small regional hospital can accurately and efficiently identify fetuses with complex CHD...
November 18, 2016: Telemedicine Journal and E-health: the Official Journal of the American Telemedicine Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27847557/thoracic-ultrasound-a-complementary-diagnostic-tool-in-cardiology
#20
REVIEW
Guglielmo M Trovato
Clinical assessment and workup of patients referred to cardiologists may need an extension to chest disease. This requires more in-depth examination of respiratory co-morbidities due to uncertainty or severity of the clinical presentation. The filter and integration of ecg and echocardiographic information, addressing to the clues of right ventricular impairment, pulmonary embolism and pulmonary hypertension, and other less frequent conditions, such as congenital, inherited and systemic disease, usually allow more timely diagnosis and therapeutic choice...
October 26, 2016: World Journal of Cardiology
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