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echocardiography and cardiology

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29230260/-epidemiological-features-of-cardiorenal-syndrome-a-study-of-36-cases-in-the-cardiology-department-in-dakar
#1
Malick Bodian, Awa Thiaw, Simon Antoine Sarr, Kana Babaka, Fatou Aw, Aliou Alassane Ngaïde, Mouhamadou Bamba Ndiaye, Adama Kane, Modou Jobe, Alassane Mbaye, Maboury Diao, Moustapha Sarr, Serigne Abdou Ba
Introduction: Cardiorenal syndrome (CRS) is a pathophysiologic disorder of the heart and the kidneys whereby acute or chronic dysfunction in one organ may induce acute or chronic dysfunction of the other. In Africa, particularly in Senegal, the incidence of cardiorenal syndrome is not accurately known. This study aimed to assess the prevalence of CRS in the Cardiology Department. Methods: We conducted a retrospective study including all patients with heart failure associated with alteration of renal function, hospitalized in the Cardiology Department between April 2010 and April 2011...
2017: Pan African Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29208860/high-wall-motion-score-index-after-acute-myocardial-infarction-is-associated-with-worse-in-hospital-outcome
#2
H Pandit, M N Islam, M A Bari, P Pandit, M S Bari, A S Bhuiyan, R K Talukder, M A Rouf, M S Islam, S S Shakil, M S Islam, H Akhter
Myocardial Infarction is a major cause of death and disability worldwide. The incidence of coronary heart disease is high and second most cause of death after cancer. This prospective study conducted on 100 patients admitted with first attack of acute myocardial infarction in the department of Cardiology in Mymensingh Medical College Hospital, Mymensingh, Bangladesh from July 2012 to June 2013 who were observed 3 to 8 days of hospital stay without doing further echocardiography and evaluated the relationship between echocardiographic wall motion score index (WMSI) assessed within 24 hours of admission and in-hospital outcomes...
October 2017: Mymensingh Medical Journal: MMJ
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29208858/correlation-of-troponin-i-level-with-left-ventricular-ejection-fraction-and-in-hospital-outcomes-after-first-attack-of-non-st-segment-elevation-myocardial-infarction
#3
M H Khan, M N Islam, G P Aditya, M Z Islam, A S Bhuiyan, B Saha, K Bhowmick, M Hassan, P K Paul, S Chowdhury, R Rahman
Coronary heart disease (CHD) is the most common cause of heart disease and is the single most important cause of premature death in developed world. Recognizing a patient with ACS is important because the diagnosis triggers both triage and management. cTnI is 100% tissue-specific for the myocardium and it has been shown to be a very sensitive and specific marker for acute myocardial infarction (AMI). Ventricular function is the best predictor of death after an acute coronary syndrome. It serves as a marker of myocardial damage, provides information on systolic function as well as diagnosis and prognosis...
October 2017: Mymensingh Medical Journal: MMJ
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29207752/study-of-left-ventricular-mass-and-its-determinants-on-echocardiography
#4
Namrata Guleri, Susheela Rana, Randhir S Chauhan, Prakash Chand Negi, Yogesh Diwan, Deepa Diwan
Introduction: Increased Left Ventricular Mass (LVM) is an independent risk factor for cardiovascular morbidity and mortality. Aim: This study was done to find the prevalence and determinants of LVM in the Northern Indian population. Materials and Methods: A prospective cross-sectional observational study was carried out in a tertiary care centre in Himachal Pradesh, India and the study population included all consecutive patients fulfilling the inclusion criteria attending cardiology OPD on seeking medical attention with various symptoms for dyslipidaemia, hypertension but not on medication over a period of one year...
September 2017: Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research: JCDR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29202952/factors-influencing-pediatric-outpatient-transthoracic-echocardiography-utilization-before%C3%A2-appropriate-use-criteria-release-a%C3%A2-multicenter-study
#5
Kenan W D Stern, Talin Gulesserian, Jaeun Choi, Sean M Lang, Christopher J Statile, Erik C Michelfelder, Ericka S McLaughlin, Tuan Nguyen, Leo Lopez, George R Verghese, Daphne T Hsu, Ritu Sachdeva
BACKGROUND: Although pediatric appropriate use criteria (AUC) for outpatient transthoracic echocardiography (TTE) are available, little is known about TTE utilization patterns before their release. The aims of this study were to determine the relation between AUC and TTE utilization and to identify patient and physician factors associated with discordance between the AUC and clinical practice. METHODS: A retrospective review of 3,000 initial outpatient pediatric cardiology encounters at six centers was performed...
December 2017: Journal of the American Society of Echocardiography
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29201575/clinical-and-echocardiographic-follow-up-after-successful-percutaneous-transvenous-mitral-commissurotomy
#6
Imran Khan, Bakhtawar Shah, Mohammad Habeel Dar, Adnan Khan, Malik Faisal Iftekhar, Abdul Sami
Background The objective of the study was to determine the long-term outcomes, including mitral restenosis and regurgitation, after successful percutaneous transvenous mitral commissurotomy (PTMC). Methods This cross-sectional prospective study was conducted at the cardiology department of Lady Reading Hospital, Peshawar, Pakistan, from January 2007 to December 2009. A total of 84 patients were followed up for a period of 96 months. Pre and post percutaneous transvenous mitral commissurotomy echocardiography was done on the mitral valve area (MVA) using two-dimensional (2D) and color doppler echocardiography...
September 29, 2017: Curēus
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29187100/congenital-heart-defects-in-nigerian-children-preliminary-data-from-the-national-pediatric-cardiac-registry
#7
Ekanem N Ekure, Fidelia Bode-Thomas, Wilson E Sadoh, Adeola A Orogade, Barbara E Otaigbe, Fortune Ujunwa, Usman M Sani, Mustafa Asani, Adeola B Animasahun, Oluwatoyin O Ogunkunle
BACKGROUND: Congenital heart defects (CHDs) are common birth defects with significant impact on morbidity and mortality. We aimed to compare regional patterns of CHDs in Nigeria using a registry-based approach. METHODS: Children with echocardiography-confirmed CHDs at 17 medical centers across the country were enrolled in a pilot National Pediatric Cardiac Registry from January to December 2014. RESULTS: A total of 1,296 children (52.9% male; median age 0...
November 2017: World Journal for Pediatric & Congenital Heart Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29181554/-cardiological-functional-diagnostics
#8
REVIEW
S Herrmann, N A Kraus, S Frantz
Cardiovascular diseases are common; therefore, adequate and guideline-based diagnostics and treatment are essential. In addition to an electrocardiogram (ECG) and (treadmill) exercise tests, echocardiography plays the pivotal role in functional cardiac testing. It is permanently available at the bedside and has a high diagnostic accuracy; however, examinations such as cardiac magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) and computed tomography (CT) as well as nuclear medical imaging, e.g. single proton emission CT (SPECT) and positron emission tomography (PET) are becoming more and more common in clinical practice...
November 27, 2017: Der Internist
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29159074/only-some-patients-with-bulbar-and-spinal-muscular-atrophy-may-develop-cardiac-disease
#9
Josef Finsterer, Claudia Stöllberger
Objectives: According to recent publications, some patients with spinal and bulbar muscular atrophy (BSMA) develop cardiac disease, manifesting as ST-segment abnormalities, Brugada-syndrome, dilative cardiomyopathy, or sudden cardiac death. Here we present neurological and cardiac data of a BSMA patient who was followed up for 10 y. Case report: In a male patient aged 47 y, BSMA was diagnosed at age 37 y upon the typical clinical presentation (postural tremor since age 12 y, dysarthria since age 15 y, muscle cramps since age 29 y, general myalgias since age 32 y, general fasciculations since age 34 y, myoclonic jerks, easy fatigability, dyspnea upon exercise since age 36 y) and a CAG-repeat expansion of 47 ± 1 repeats in the androgen-receptor gene detected at age 37 y...
March 2018: Molecular Genetics and Metabolism Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29115988/prevalence-and-determinants-of-pulmonary-hypertension-in-a-group-of-cameroonian-patients-without-chronic-lung-disease-a-cross-sectional-echocardiographic-study
#10
Ahmadou M Jingi, Jean Jacques Noubiap, Aurel T Tankeu, Liliane Mfeukeu-Kuate, Clovis Nkoke, Philippe Kamdem, Alain Patrick Menanga, Samuel Kingue
OBJECTIVE: To study prevalence and determinants of pulmonary hypertension (PH) in a group of Cameroonian patients without chronic lung disease. We conducted a cross-sectional study conducted between April and December 2011 in a private cardiology clinic in Bafoussam, Cameroon. We included consenting participants aged ≥ 18, who underwent a Doppler echocardiography. Patients with chronic lung disease were excluded. RESULTS: A total of 178 participants were enrolled, of whom 44...
November 7, 2017: BMC Research Notes
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29115044/a-leg-ulcer-with-pulsating-varicose-veins%C3%A2-%C3%A2-from-the-legs-to-the-heart
#11
Sabrina Johanna Swoboda, Hauke Schumann, Dimitra Kiritsi
We present the case of a 58-year-old man who presented to our wound care centre with a 7 -month history of a progressive unilateral leg ulcer. He reported intermittent, heavy bleeding at the ulcer. The duplex sonography showed a bilateral incompetence of the saphenofemoral junctions and the entire course of the great saphenous veins and, surprisingly, also a bilateral reversed arterial-like pulsating flow in the great and small saphenous veins as well as in the deep veins of the lower extremities. During cardiac examination by auscultation and echocardiography, we detected a previously undescribed severe tricuspid insufficiency with strongly reduced systolic ejection of both the left and the right ventricle and repercussions on the peripheral venous system as a cause for the pulsating veins...
November 7, 2017: International Wound Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29113815/evaluation-of-left-ventricular-diastolic-function-by-the-intensivist
#12
REVIEW
Yonatan Y Greenstein, Paul H Mayo
The assessment of left ventricular diastolic function is an important element of advanced critical care echocardiography. Standard methods of evaluating diastolic function that are routinely performed on an elective basis in the cardiology echocardiography laboratory may be difficult to apply in the critical care unit. In this article, we review methods of measuring diastolic function with echocardiography that are of relevance to the intensivist and present two options for measurement: the standard cardiology method and a simplified approach...
November 4, 2017: Chest
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29112180/impaired-right-ventricle-function-as-predictor-of-early-mortality-in-patients-with-light-chain-cardiac-amyloidosis-assessed-in-the-cardiology-department
#13
Justyna Anna Szczygieł, Piotr Zbigniew Wieczorek, Joanna Drozd-Sokołowska, Piotr Michałek, Łukasz Mazurkiewicz, Marta Legatowicz-Koprowska, Ewa Walczak, Wiesław Wiktor Jędrzejczak, Jadwiga Dwilewicz-Trojaczek, Jacek Grzybowski
INTRODUCTION    Light-chain amyloidosis (AL amyloidosis) is the most common cardiac amyloidosis. Early mortality remains a substantial problem despite progress in treatment. OBJECTIVES    The aim of the study was to obtain a clinical profile of patients diagnosed with AL amyloidosis in the cardiology department, to define an early mortality cut-off point in this population, and to identify predictors of early mortality. PATIENTS AND METHODS    The analysis covered 30 patients (14 females, median age 61...
November 3, 2017: Polish Archives of Internal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29105550/adherence-to-guidelines-in-patients-with-chronic-heart-failure-in-primary-health-care
#14
Maaike Giezeman, Mats Arne, Kersti Theander
OBJECTIVE: To describe adherence to international guidelines for chronic heart failure (CHF) management concerning diagnostics, pharmacological treatment and self-care behaviour in primary health care. DESIGN: A cross-sectional descriptive study of patients with CHF, using data obtained from medical records and a postal questionnaire. SETTING: Three primary health care centres in Sweden. SUBJECTS: Patients with a CHF diagnosis registered in their medical record...
November 6, 2017: Scandinavian Journal of Primary Health Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29101266/a-59-year-old-woman-with-visible-precordial-pulsations
#15
Alastair J Moss, Renzo Pessotto, Andrew D Flapan
CLINICAL INTRODUCTION: A retired 59-year-old woman presented to the cardiology clinic concerned with cardiac pulsations that were visible on her chest wall. These were not associated with dyspnoea, syncope or chest discomfort.Of note, 8 years previously, she complained of recurrent nocturnal diaphoresis and 5 kg weight loss. Blood sampling at that time revealed a microcytic anaemia, reactive thrombocytosis and raised inflammatory markers (erythrocyte sedimentation rate 99 mm/hour, C-reactive protein 161 mg/L)...
November 3, 2017: Heart: Official Journal of the British Cardiac Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29095976/lamin-a-c-cardiomyopathy-young-onset-high-penetrance-and-frequent-need-for-heart-transplantation
#16
Nina Eide Hasselberg, Trine Fink Haland, Jørg Saberniak, Pål Haugar Brekke, Knut Erik Berge, Trond Paul Leren, Thor Edvardsen, Kristina Hermann Haugaa
Aims: Lamin A/C (LMNA) mutations cause familial dilated cardiomyopathy (DCM) with frequent conduction blocks and arrhythmias. We explored the prevalence, cardiac penetrance, and expressivity of LMNA mutations among familial DCM in Norway. Furthermore, we explored the risk factors and the outcomes in LMNA patients. Methods and results: During 2003-15, genetic testing was performed in patients referred for familial DCM. LMNA genotype-positive subjects were examined by electrocardiography, Holter monitoring, cardiac magnetic resonance imaging, and echocardiography...
October 31, 2017: European Heart Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29093771/current-awareness-and-use-of-the-strain-echocardiography-in-routine-clinical-practices-result-of-a-nationwide-survey-in-korea
#17
Ju-Hee Lee, Jae-Hyeong Park, Seung Woo Park, Woo-Shik Kim, Il Suk Sohn, Jung Yeon Chin, Jung Sun Cho, Ho-Joong Youn, Hae Ok Jung, Sun Hwa Lee, Seong-Hwan Kim, Wook-Jin Chung, Chi Young Shim, Jin-Won Jeong, Eui-Young Choi, Se-Joong Rim, Jang-Young Kim, Kye Hun Kim, Joon-Han Shin, Dae-Hee Kim, Ung Jeon, Jung Hyun Choi, Yong-Jin Kim, Seung Jae Joo, Ki-Hong Kim, Kyoung Im Cho, Goo-Yeong Cho
Background: Because conventional echocardiographic parameters have several limitations, strain echocardiography has often been introduced in clinical practice. However, there are also obstacles in using it in clinical practice. Therefore, we wanted to find the current status of awareness on using strain echocardiography in Korea. Methods: We conducted a nationwide survey to evaluate current use and awareness of strain echocardiography from the members of the Korean Society of Echocardiography...
September 2017: Journal of Cardiovascular Ultrasound
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29073313/things-we-do-for-no-reason-echocardiogram-in-unselected-patients-with-syncope
#18
Charles L Madeira, Michael J Craig, Andrew Donohoe, John R Stephens
Syncope is a common cause of emergency department visits and hospitalizations. Echocardiogram is frequently used as a diagnostic tool in the evaluation of syncope, performed in 39% to 91% of patients. The diagnostic yield of echocardiogram for detecting clinically important abnormalities in patients with a normal history, physical examination, and electrocardiogram (ECG), however, is extremely low. In contrast, echocardiograms performed on patients with syncope with a positive cardiac history, abnormal examination, and/or ECG identify an abnormality in up to 29% of cases, though these abnormalities are not always defi nitively the cause of symptoms...
October 18, 2017: Journal of Hospital Medicine: An Official Publication of the Society of Hospital Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29071783/age-is-not-a-good-predictor-of-irreversibility-of-pulmonary-hypertension-in-congenital-cardiac-malformations-with-left-to-right-shunt
#19
Amir-Reza Hosseinpour, Marie-Hélène Perez, David Longchamp, Jacques Cotting, Nicole Sekarski, Michel Hurni, René Prêtre, Stefano Di Bernardo
OBJECTIVE: Congenital cardiac malformations with high pulmonary blood flow and pressure due to left-to-right shunts are usually repaired in early infancy for both the benefits of early relief of heart failure and the fear that the concomitant pulmonary hypertension may become irreversible unless these defects are corrected at an early age. Age, however, has been a poor predictor of irreversibility of pulmonary hypertension in our experience, which is presented here. DESIGN: A retrospective observational study...
October 25, 2017: Congenital Heart Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29067561/acc-aats-aha-ase-asnc-hrs-scai-scct-scmr-sts-2017-appropriate-use-criteria-for-multimodality-imaging-in-valvular-heart-disease-a-report-of-the-american-college-of-cardiology-appropriate-use-criteria-task-force-american-association-for-thoracic-surgery-american
#20
John U Doherty, Smadar Kort, Roxana Mehran, Paul Schoenhagen, Prem Soman
This document is 1 of 2 companion appropriate use criteria (AUC) documents developed by the American College of Cardiology, American Association for Thoracic Surgery, American Heart Association, American Society of Echocardiography, American Society of Nuclear Cardiology, Heart Rhythm Society, Society for Cardiovascular Angiography and Interventions, Society of Cardiovascular Computed Tomography, Society for Cardiovascular Magnetic Resonance, and Society of Thoracic Surgeons. This document addresses the evaluation and use of multimodality imaging in the diagnosis and management of valvular heart disease, whereas the second, companion document addresses this topic with regard to structural heart disease...
October 24, 2017: Journal of Nuclear Cardiology: Official Publication of the American Society of Nuclear Cardiology
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