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Rutger M J de Zoete, Peter G Osmotherly, Darren A Rivett, Scott F Farrell, Suzanne J Snodgrass
OBJECTIVE: To (1) identify reported tests used to assess sensorimotor control in individuals with idiopathic neck pain and (2) investigate whether these test can quantify differences between individuals with idiopathic neck pain and healthy individuals. DATA SOURCES: Databases AMED, CINAHL, Cochrane Central Register of Controlled Trials, EMBASE, MEDLINE, PEDro, SCOPUS and SportDiscus. STUDY SELECTION: Studies reporting sensorimotor outcomes in individuals with idiopathic neck pain or healthy individuals were identified...
October 19, 2016: Archives of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation
David A Raichlen, Herman Pontzer, Jacob A Harris, Audax Z P Mabulla, Frank W Marlowe, J Josh Snodgrass, Geeta Eick, J Colette Berbesque, Amelia Sancilio, Brian M Wood
OBJECTIVES: Time spent in moderate-to-vigorous physical activity (MVPA) is a strong predictor of cardiovascular health, yet few humans living in industrialized societies meet current recommendations (150 min/week). Researchers have long suggested that human physiological requirements for aerobic exercise reflect an evolutionary shift to a hunting and gathering foraging strategy, and a recent transition to more sedentary lifestyles likely represents a mismatch with our past in terms of physical activity...
October 9, 2016: American Journal of Human Biology: the Official Journal of the Human Biology Council
Chen Shuzhu, Wu Min, Liu Yidong, Ye Weijing
BACKGROUND: Over the past two decades, Snodgrass tubularized incised plate (TIP) urethroplasty has become one of the dominant surgical techniques with wide applications and excellent cosmetic results. However, TIP has many limitations. We performed a retrospective study at our department and assessed the outcome of the inlay internal preputial graft for extending the applications of TIP. METHODS: Between January 2009 and December 2013, we performed a retrospective study consisting of approximately 508 primary distal and moderate cases...
2016: SpringerPlus
Theresa Mallick-Searle, Brett Snodgrass, Jeannine M Brant
Herpes zoster, also known as shingles, is a distinctive clinical condition caused by the reactivation of latent varicella zoster (chickenpox) virus following an initial infection. Approximately 1 million cases of herpes zoster occur annually in the US, and one in every three people develops herpes zoster during their lifetime. Postherpetic neuralgia is a neuropathic pain syndrome characterized by pain that persists for months to years after resolution of the herpes zoster rash. It stems from damage to peripheral and central neurons that may be a byproduct of the immune/inflammatory response accompanying varicella zoster virus reactivation...
2016: Journal of Multidisciplinary Healthcare
Kirtikumar Rathod, Jaskiren Loyal, Bharat More, Ashok Rajimwale
BACKGROUND: To describe a modification of PATIO repair for urethrocutaneous fistula repair and evaluate its outcome. METHODS: We studied 15 boys who underwent modified PATIO repair from Jan 2010 to Sept 2015. Parameters studied included age, type of hypospadias, age at first urethroplasty, hypospadias repair technique, number of urethroplasties required, location of fistula, time gap between urethroplasty and fistula repair, method of fistula repair, and outcome of fistula repair...
October 1, 2016: Pediatric Surgery International
Grahame M Knox, Suzanne J Snodgrass, Tasha R Stanton, David H Kelly, Bill Vicenzino, Benedict M Wand, Darren A Rivett
OBJECTIVES: Clinical reasoning can be difficult to teach to pre-professional physiotherapy students due to their lack of clinical experience. It may be that tools such as clinical prediction rules (CPRs) could aid the process, but there has been little investigation into their use in physiotherapy clinical education. This study aimed to determine the perceptions and experiences of physiotherapy students regarding CPRs, and whether they are learning about CPRs on clinical placement. DESIGN: Cross-sectional survey using a paper-based questionnaire...
April 18, 2016: Physiotherapy
Colin M Brand, Klaree J Boose, Erica C Squires, Linda F Marchant, Frances J White, Audra Meinelt, J Josh Snodgrass
Hair plucking has been observed in many captive primate species, including the great apes; however, the etiology of this behavioral pattern is poorly understood. While this behavior has not been reported in wild apes, an ethologically identical behavior in humans, known as trichotillomania, is linked to chronic psychosocial stress and is a predominantly female disorder. This study examines hair plucking (defined here as a rapid jerking away of the hair shaft and follicle by the hand or mouth, often accompanied by inspection and consumption of the hair shaft and follicle) in a captive group of bonobos (N = 13) at the Columbus Zoo and Aquarium in Columbus, Ohio...
September 2016: Zoo Biology
R B Biritwum, N Minicuci, A E Yawson, O Theou, G P Mensah, N Naidoo, F Wu, Y Guo, Y Zheng, Y Jiang, T Maximova, S Kalula, P Arokiasamy, A Salinas-Rodríguez, B Manrique-Espinoza, J J Snodgrass, K N Sterner, G Eick, M A Liebert, J Schrock, S Afshar, E Thiele, S Vollmer, K Harttgen, H Strulik, J E Byles, K Rockwood, A Mitnitski, S Chatterji, P Kowal
BACKGROUND: The severe burden imposed by frailty and disability in old age is a major challenge for healthcare systems in low- and middle-income countries alike. The current study aimed to provide estimates of the prevalence of frailty and disability in older adult populations and to examine their relationship with socioeconomic factors in six countries. METHODS: Focusing on adults aged 50+ years, a frailty index was constructed as the proportion of deficits in 40 variables, and disability was assessed using the World Health Organization Disability Assessment Schedule (WHODAS 2...
September 2016: Maturitas
Clinton A J Duffy
Although primarily a coral reef species the grey reef shark Carcharhinus amblyrhynchos has been recorded from a number of subtropical oceanic islands and reefs in the Southwest Pacific Ocean. Examination of all nominal C. amblyrhynchos voucher material collected from Lord Howe Island, Elizabeth and Middleton Reefs and Norfolk Island resulted in the re-identification of these specimens as Galapagos sharks, C. galapagensis. As C. amblyrhynchos superficially resembles C. galapagensis visual records of C. amblyrhynchos from Elizabeth and Middleton Reefs and the Kermadec Islands cannot be substantiated without voucher material...
2016: Zootaxa
Alejandra C Valverde, Francisco A Crespo, Mónica S Iglesias
The genus Lanta Hebard 1921 includes three species found in the Neotropical region. Two species are known from Argentina, L. peniculiger (province of Santa Fe), and L. scotia (provinces of Córdoba and Santiago del Estero) (see Crespo et al. 2010), and one from Brazil, L. borgesae, (Araras, São Paulo) (Rocha e Silva & Vasconcellos, 1984). All species have been described on the basis of male external characters, such as wing veins, leg spines, hypandrium, shape and position of the styli, in addition to coloration and size...
2016: Zootaxa
Geeta Eick, Samuel S Urlacher, Thomas W McDade, Paul Kowal, J Josh Snodgrass
Our objective was to validate a commercially available ELISA to measure antibody titers against Epstein-Barr virus (EBV) in dried blood spots (DBS) to replace a previously validated assay for DBS that is no longer available. We evaluated the precision, reliability, and stability of the assay for the measurement of EBV antibodies in matched plasma, fingerprick DBS, and venous blood DBS samples from 208 individuals. Effects of hematocrit and DBS sample matrix on EBV antibody determination were also investigated, and the cutoff for seropositivity in DBS was determined...
2016: Biodemography and Social Biology
N C Bush, T D Barber, D Dajusta, J C Prieto, A Ziada, W Snodgrass
BACKGROUND: Teaching and learning hypospadias repair is a major component of pediatric urology fellowship training. Educators must transfer skills to fellows, without increasing patient complications. Nevertheless, few studies report results of surgeons during their first years of independent practice. PURPOSE: To review outcomes of distal hypospadias repairs performed during the same 2-year period by consecutive, recently matriculated, surgeons in independent practice, and to compare them to results by their mentor (with >20 years of experience)...
June 2016: Journal of Pediatric Urology
Kikumi D Ono-Moore, Ryan G Snodgrass, Shurong Huang, Shamsher Singh, Tammy L Freytag, Dustin J Burnett, Ellen L Bonnel, Leslie R Woodhouse, Susan J Zunino, Janet M Peerson, Joo Young Lee, John C Rutledge, Daniel H Hwang
BACKGROUND: Saturated fatty acids (FAs) released from triglyceride-rich lipoproteins (TGRLs) activate Toll-like receptor 2 (TLR-2) and induce the expression of proinflammatory cytokines in monocytes. Certain plant polyphenols inhibit TLR-mediated signaling pathways. OBJECTIVE: We determined whether plasma free FAs (FFAs) after a moderately high-fat (MHF, 40% kcal from fat) breakfast modulate the inflammatory status of postprandial blood, and whether blueberry intake suppresses FFA-induced inflammatory responses in healthy humans...
July 2016: Journal of Nutrition
Stephanie B Levy, William R Leonard, Larissa A Tarskaia, Tatiana M Klimova, Valentina I Fedorova, Marina E Baltakhinova, J Josh Snodgrass
OBJECTIVES: Among indigenous circumpolar populations, extreme seasonality influences food availability and energy metabolism. Furthermore, subsistence patterns and wage labor opportunities shift with season. Thus, health measures among circumpolar populations likely exhibit seasonal changes that are influenced by lifestyle factors. This study examines how markers of cardio-metabolic health vary between summer and winter as a function of an individual's lifestyle and sex among the Yakut of northeastern Siberia...
June 13, 2016: American Journal of Human Biology: the Official Journal of the Human Biology Council
Abdurrahman Gumus, Syed Ahsan, Belgin Dogan, Li Jiang, Ryan Snodgrass, Andrea Gardner, Zhengda Lu, Kenneth Simpson, David Erickson
The use of point-of-care (POC) devices in limited resource settings where access to commonly used infrastructure, such as water and electricity, can be restricted represents simultaneously one of the best application fits for POC systems as well as one of the most challenging places to deploy them. Of the many challenges involved in these systems, the preparation and processing of complex samples like stool, vomit, and biopsies are particularly difficult due to the high number and varied nature of mechanical and chemical interferents present in the sample...
May 1, 2016: Biomedical Optics Express
Samuel S Urlacher, Melissa A Liebert, J Josh Snodgrass, Aaron D Blackwell, Tara J Cepon-Robins, Theresa E Gildner, Felicia C Madimenos, Dorsa Amir, Richard G Bribiescas, Lawrence S Sugiyama
BACKGROUND: Market integration (MI)-increasing production for and consumption from a market-based economy-is drastically altering traditional ways of life and environmental conditions among indigenous Amazonian peoples. The effects of MI on the biology and health of Amazonian children and adolescents, however, remain unclear. AIM: This study examines the impact of MI on sub-adult body size and nutritional status at the population, regional and household levels among the Shuar of Amazonian Ecuador...
July 2016: Annals of Human Biology
Marcella Laiacona, Riccardo Barbarotto, Elena Baratelli, Erminio Capitani
This study presents revised and extended norms for a picture naming test [Laiacona et al. (Arch Neurol Psicol Psichiatr 54:209-248, 1993)], based on 80 Snodgrass and Vanderwart (J Exp Psychol Human Learn Mem 6:174-215, 1980) pictures, devised to detect a categorical dissociation in the naming of items between biological and man-made categories. This survey is based on data from 215 healthy Italian participants. Since males are more frequently reported to have a disproportionate impairment of biological categories, norms have also been separately calculated for males and females and for the two categories of man-made objects and biological entities...
September 2016: Neurological Sciences
Megan N Snodgrass, Jenna Shields, Hema Rai
OBJECTIVE: Heparin-induced thrombocytopenia (HIT) occurs in up to 5% of patients exposed to unfractionated heparin for 5 or more days. Direct thrombin inhibitors (DTIs) are currently the only Food and Drug Administration (FDA)-approved agents for the treatment of HIT. The purpose of this study is to determine whether fondaparinux is an appropriate first-line alternative anticoagulant in patients with suspected or confirmed HIT. METHODS: A retrospective study was conducted by identifying all patients who received a DTI or fondaparinux during a 5 year period, August 2009-August 2014...
May 13, 2016: Clinical and Applied Thrombosis/hemostasis
Aaron D Blackwell, Benjamin C Trumble, Ivan Maldonado Suarez, Jonathan Stieglitz, Bret Beheim, J Josh Snodgrass, Hillard Kaplan, Michael Gurven
BACKGROUND: Amazonian populations are exposed to diverse parasites and pathogens, including protozoal, bacterial, fungal and helminthic infections. Yet much knowledge of the immune system is based on industrialised populations where these infections are relatively rare. AIM: This study examines distributions and age-related differences in 22 measures of immune function for Bolivian forager-horticulturalists and US and European populations. SUBJECTS AND METHODS: Subjects were 6338 Tsimane aged 0-90 years...
July 2016: Annals of Human Biology
Ryan G Snodgrass, Shurong Huang, Dmitry Namgaladze, Ola Jandali, Tiffany Shao, Spandana Sama, Bernhard Brüne, Daniel H Hwang
Palmitic acid (C16:0) and TLR2 ligand induce, but docosahexaenoic acid (DHA) inhibits monocyte activation. C16:0 and TLR2 or TLR4 ligand induce certain ER stress markers; thus, we determined whether ER stress induced by these agonists is sufficient to induce monocyte activation, and whether the ER stress is inhibited by DHA which is known to inhibit C16:0- or ligand-induced TLR activation. Monocyte activation and ER stress were assessed by TLR/inflammasome-induced IL-1β production, and phosphorylation of IRE-1 and eIF2 and expression of CHOP, respectively in THP-1 cells...
June 2016: Journal of Nutritional Biochemistry
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