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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29320945/the-influence-of-exercise-dosing-on-outcomes-in-patients-with-knee-disorders-a-systematic-review
#1
Jodi L Young, Daniel I Rhon, Joshua A Cleland, Suzanne J Snodgrass
Study Design Systematic review. Background Therapeutic exercise is commonly used to treat individuals with knee disorders, but dosing parameters for optimal outcomes are unclear. Large variations exist in exercise prescription, and research related to specific dosing variables for knee osteoarthritis, patellar tendinopathy and patellofemoral pain syndrome is sparse. Objectives To identify specific doses of exercise related to improved outcomes of pain and function in individuals with common knee disorders, categorized by effect size...
January 10, 2018: Journal of Orthopaedic and Sports Physical Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29310588/insights-into-teleost-sex-determination-from-the-seriola-dorsalis-genome-assembly
#2
Catherine M Purcell, Arun S Seetharam, Owyn Snodgrass, Sofia Ortega-García, John R Hyde, Andrew J Severin
BACKGROUND: The assembly and annotation of a genome is a valuable resource for a species, with applications ranging from conservation genomics to gene discovery. Genomic resource development is especially important for species in culture, such as the California Yellowtail (Seriola dorsalis), the likely candidate for the establishment of commercial offshore aquaculture production in southern California. Genomic resource development for this species will improve the understanding of sex and other phenotypic traits, and allow for rapid increases in genetic improvement for and economic gain in culture production...
January 8, 2018: BMC Genomics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29234534/comparison-of-interrupted-and-continuous-suture-urethroplasty-in-tubularised-incised-plate-hypospadias-repair-a-prospective-study
#3
Archika Gupta, Rajesh Gupta, Punit Srivastav, Ankush Gupta
Objective: To compare the effect of interrupted- and continuous-suture urethroplasty on complication rates in Snodgrass tubularised incised-plate (TIP) hypospadias repair. Patients and methods: This was a prospective randomised study comprising 100 boys (age range 1-5 years) with primary subcoronal, distal- and mid-penile hypospadias who underwent repair from October 2010 to March 2015 in a tertiary care hospital. Boys with glanular, recurrent, and proximal hypospadias were excluded from the study...
December 2017: Arab Journal of Urology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29229209/randomized-double-blind-placebo-controlled-dose-escalation-study-investigation-of-the-safety-pharmacokinetics-and-antihyperalgesic-activity-of-l-4-chlorokynurenine-in-healthy-volunteers
#4
Mark Wallace, Alexander White, Kathy A Grako, Randal Lane, Allen Jo Cato, H Ralph Snodgrass
BACKGROUND AND AIMS: Neuropathic pain is a significant medical problem needing more effective treatments with fewer side effects. Overactive glutamatergic transmission via N-methyl-d-aspartate receptors (NMDARs) are known to play a role in central sensitization and neuropathic pain. Although ketamine, a NMDAR channel-blocking antagonist, is often used for neuropathic pain, its side-effect profile and abusive potential has prompted the search for a safer effective oral analgesic. A novel oral prodrug, AV-101 (l-4 chlorokynurenine), which, in the brain, is converted into one of the most potent and selective GlyB site antagonists of the NMDAR, has been demonstrated to be active in animal models of neuropathic pain...
October 2017: Scandinavian Journal of Pain
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29206403/small-town-big-commitment-public-safety-agencies-in-nebraska-city-neb-worked-together-to-save-their-own
#5
William Leggio, Andrew Snodgrass
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 2017: JEMS: a Journal of Emergency Medical Services
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29176098/incidence-of-non-melanoma-skin-cancer-in-the-uninsured
#6
Ashley Sturgeon, David Allen Pate, Ravi Patel, Katherine Snodgrass, Michelle Tarbox, Fiona Prabhu, Phillip Watkins
Non-melanoma skin cancer (NMSC) is a common reason for outpatient primary care visits. Uninsured patients may be at a higher risk for NMSC due to lack of access to health care and a possible increased risk of sun exposure due to insecure housing. The true incidence of NMSC in this population is unknown. In order to determine the population's incidence of NMSC we performed a retrospective chart review on all patients (n = 656) seen at the Lubbock Impact Free Clinic from July 1, 2014 through July 30, 2015. This highlighted an increased incidence of NMSC in our uninsured population (1...
2017: Journal of Health Care for the Poor and Underserved
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29167092/dry-needling-for-patients-with-neck-pain-protocol-of-a-randomized-clinical-trial
#7
Eric Robert Gattie, Joshua A Cleland, Suzanne J Snodgrass
BACKGROUND: Neck pain is a costly and common problem. Current treatments are not adequately effective for a large proportion of patients who continue to experience recurrent pain. Therefore, new treatment strategies should be investigated in an attempt to reduce the disability and high costs associated with neck pain. Dry needling is a technique in which a fine needle is used to penetrate the skin, subcutaneous tissues, and muscle with the intent to mechanically disrupt tissue without the use of an anesthetic...
November 22, 2017: JMIR Research Protocols
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29157736/the-influence-of-dosing-on-effect-size-of-exercise-therapy-for-musculoskeletal-foot-and-ankle-disorders-a-systematic-review
#8
REVIEW
Jodi L Young, Daniel I Rhon, Rutger M J de Zoete, Joshua A Cleland, Suzanne J Snodgrass
OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this review was to identify doses of exercise therapy associated with greater treatment effect sizes in individuals with common musculoskeletal disorders of the foot and ankle, namely, achilles tendinopathy, ankle sprains and plantar heel pain. METHODS: AMED, EMBASE and MEDLINE were searched from 2005 to August 2017 for randomized controlled trials related to exercise for these three diagnoses. The Physiotherapy Evidence Database scale was used for methodological quality assessment...
November 4, 2017: Brazilian Journal of Physical Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29146810/catalytic-molten-metals-for-the-direct-conversion-of-methane-to-hydrogen-and-separable-carbon
#9
D Chester Upham, Vishal Agarwal, Alexander Khechfe, Zachary R Snodgrass, Michael J Gordon, Horia Metiu, Eric W McFarland
Metals that are active catalysts for methane (Ni, Pt, Pd), when dissolved in inactive low-melting temperature metals (In, Ga, Sn, Pb), produce stable molten metal alloy catalysts for pyrolysis of methane into hydrogen and carbon. All solid catalysts previously used for this reaction have been deactivated by carbon deposition. In the molten alloy system, the insoluble carbon floats to the surface where it can be skimmed off. A 27% Ni-73% Bi alloy achieved 95% methane conversion at 1065°C in a 1.1-meter bubble column and produced pure hydrogen without CO2 or other by-products...
November 17, 2017: Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29133164/pre-incision-urethral-plate-width-does-not-impact-short-term-tubularized-incised-plate-urethroplasty-outcomes
#10
N C Bush, W Snodgrass
INTRODUCTION: Two reports have found that urethral plate (UP) widths <8 mm before tubularized incised plate (TIP) incision increased urethroplasty complications. The present study measured pre-incision UP width in consecutive boys undergoing TIP to determine if it affected outcomes. METHODS: The present study followed the method previously used by Holland and Smith, and Sarhan et al. to measure UP width before creating glans wings or performing midline plate incision in consecutive patients with primary hypospadias and ventral curvature <30°, who all underwent TIP repair (Summary Fig...
December 2017: Journal of Pediatric Urology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29118537/choosing-an-ideal-vascular-cover-for-snodgrass-repair
#11
Mamatha Basavaraju, Dhiraj K Balaji
Aim: The aim of this study is to compare tunica vaginalis (TV), dorsal dartos, and ventral dartos flap as a second layer vascular cover during Snodgrass repair. Materials and Methods: Data of 83 patients who underwent primary hypospadias repair with Snodgrass technique (age range: 1.6-12 years) were retrospectively collected and compared. They were divided into three groups. Group A (26 patients) included cases using TV flap, Group B (36 patients) included those where dorsal dartos from prepuce was used as second cover, and Group C (21 patients) included those with ventral dartos as cover...
October 2017: Urology Annals
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29039059/modified-tubularized-incised-plate-urethroplasty-reduces-the-risk-of-fistula-and-meatal-stenosis-for-proximal-hypospadias-a-report-of-63-cases
#12
Hamid Arshadi, Shabnam Sabetkish, Abdol-Mohammad Kajbafzadeh
PURPOSE: To report the feasibility of modified tubularized incised plate (TIP) urethroplasty technique for proximal hypospadias in 63 cases. METHODS: From January 2004 to March 2010, 63 patients underwent one-stage TIP urethroplasty (modified Snodgrass technique repair) using 2-3 of three covering layers (corpus spongiosum, dartos, and tunica vaginalis). The primary meatus was proximal penile, penoscrotal, scrotal, and perineal in 38, 13, 10, and 2 patients, respectively...
December 2017: International Urology and Nephrology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29027974/longitudinal-measurements-of-tarnished-plant-bug-hemiptera-miridae-susceptibility-to-insecticides-in-arkansas-louisiana-and-mississippi-associations-with-insecticide-use-and-insect-control-recommendations
#13
Katherine A Parys, Randall G Luttrell, Gordon L Snodgrass, Maribel Portilla, Josh T Copes
Concentration-response assays were conducted from 2008 through 2015 to measure the susceptibility of field populations of Lygus lineolaris (Palisot de Beauvois) from the Delta regions of Arkansas, Louisiana, and Mississippi to acephate, imidacloprid, thiamethoxam, permethrin, and sulfoxaflor. A total of 229 field populations were examined for susceptibility to acephate, 145 for susceptibility to imidacloprid, and 208 for susceptibility to thiamethoxam. Permethrin assays were conducted in 2014 and 2015 to measure levels of pyrethroid resistance in 44 field populations, and sulfoxaflor assays were conducted against 24 field populations in 2015...
October 13, 2017: Insects
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29018544/verbal-augmented-feedback-in-the-rehabilitation-of-lower-extremity-musculoskeletal-dysfunctions-a-systematic-review
#14
REVIEW
Marianne Storberget, Linn Helen J Grødahl, Suzanne Snodgrass, Paulette van Vliet, Nicola Heneghan
BACKGROUND: Verbal augmented feedback (VAF) is commonly used in physiotherapy rehabilitation of individuals with lower extremity musculoskeletal dysfunction or to induce motor learning for injury prevention. Its effectiveness for acquisition, retention and transfer of learning of new skills in this population is unknown. OBJECTIVES: First, to investigate the effect of VAF for rehabilitation and prevention of lower extremity musculoskeletal dysfunction. Second, to determine its effect on motor learning and the stages of acquisition, retention and transfer in this population...
2017: BMJ Open Sport & Exercise Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28949426/evaluating-minimally-invasive-sample-collection-methods-for-telomere-length-measurement
#15
Elisabeth A Goldman, Geeta N Eick, Devan Compton, Paul Kowal, J Josh Snodgrass, Dan T A Eisenberg, Kirstin N Sterner
OBJECTIVES: Telomere length (TL) is a biomarker of aging and age-related decline. Although venous blood is considered the "gold standard" for TL measurement, its collection is often not feasible or desired in nonclinical settings. Saliva and dried blood spots (DBS) have been used as alternatives when venipuncture cannot be performed. However, it is not known whether these sample types yield TL measurements comparable to those obtained from venous blood. We sought to determine whether different samples from the same individual yield comparable TL measurements...
September 26, 2017: American Journal of Human Biology: the Official Journal of the Human Biology Council
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28882509/clinical-benefits-of-joint-mobilization-on-ankle-sprains-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#16
REVIEW
Ishanka Weerasekara, Peter Osmotherly, Suzanne Snodgrass, Jodie Marquez, Rutger de Zoete, Darren A Rivett
OBJECTIVE: To assess the clinical benefits of joint mobilization for ankle sprains. DATA SOURCES: MEDLINE, MEDLINE In-Process, Embase, AMED, PsycINFO, CINAHL, Cochrane Library, PEDro, Scopus, SPORTDiscus, and Dissertations and Theses were searched from inception to June 2017. STUDY SELECTION: Studies investigating humans with grade I or II lateral or medial sprains of the ankle in any pathologic state from acute to chronic, who had been treated with joint mobilization were considered for inclusion...
September 4, 2017: Archives of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28802051/extraneural-ganglion-cyst-as-a-rare-cause-for-footdrop
#17
Susan Walker, Duncan Snodgrass, Darren Chen, William Huynh
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
August 12, 2017: Muscle & Nerve
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28789936/buck-s-fascia-repair-with-glanuloplasty-in-hypospadias-surgery-a-simple-approach-with-excellent-outcome
#18
Aejaz Ahsan Baba, Sajad Ahmad Wani, Nisar Ahmad Bhat, Gowhar Nazir Mufti, Tariq Nazir Lone, Shaista Nazir
BACKGROUND: Hypospadias is a common problem encountered in surgical practice and its repair is challenging because of various complications. Urethro-cutaneous fistula is the most common postoperative complication (incidence of 0-33%). Different types of intermediate protective layers have been used in attempts to decrease UCF formation; however, no single surgical technique is ideal. OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to compare use of dartos fascia and Buck's fascia as intermediate layers in prevention of the formation of UCF...
July 16, 2017: Journal of Pediatric Urology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28776958/transgenic-mice-with-ectopic-expression-of-constitutively-active-tlr4-in-adipose-tissues-do-not-show-impaired-insulin-sensitivity
#19
Kikumi D Ono-Moore, Ling Zhao, Shurong Huang, Jeonga Kim, Jennifer M Rutkowsky, Ryan G Snodgrass, Dina A Schneider, Michael J Quon, James L Graham, Peter J Havel, Daniel H Hwang
INTRODUCTION: Chronic low-grade inflammation is associated with obesity and diabetes. However, what causes and mediates chronic inflammation in metabolic disorders is not well understood. Toll-like receptor 4 (TLR4) mediates both infection-induced and sterile inflammation by recognizing pathogen-associated molecular patterns and endogenous molecules, respectively. Saturated fatty acids can activate TLR4, and TLR4-deficient mice were protected from high fat diet (HFD)-induced obesity and insulin resistance, suggesting that TLR4-mediated inflammation may cause metabolic dysfunction, such as obesity and insulin resistance...
August 4, 2017: Immunity, Inflammation and Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28760189/sleep-quality-in-adolescents-with-chronic-fatigue-syndrome-myalgic-encephalomyelitis-cfs-me
#20
Elisha K Josev, Melinda L Jackson, Bei Bei, John Trinder, Adrienne Harvey, Cathriona Clarke, Kelli Snodgrass, Adam Scheinberg, Sarah J Knight
STUDY OBJECTIVES: Little is known about the type and severity of sleep disturbances in the pediatric chronic fatigue syndrome/myalgic encephalomyelitis (CFS/ME) population, compared with healthy adolescents. Using a range of objective and subjective measures, the aim of this study was to investigate sleep quality, the relationship between objective and subjective measures of sleep quality, and their associations with anxiety in adolescents with CFS/ME compared with healthy controls. METHODS: Twenty-one adolescents with CFS/ME aged 13 to 18 years (mean age 15...
September 15, 2017: Journal of Clinical Sleep Medicine: JCSM: Official Publication of the American Academy of Sleep Medicine
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