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Warren T Snodgrass, Nicol C Bush
Strictures of the neourethra after hypospadias surgery are more common after skin flap repairs than urethral plate or neo-plate tubularizations. The diagnosis of stricture after hypospadias repair is suspected based on symptoms of stranguria, urinary retention, and/or urinary tract infection. It is confirmed by urethroscopy during anticipated repair, without preoperative urethrography. The most common repairs for neourethra stricture after hypospadias surgery are single-stage dorsal inlay graft and 2-stage labial mucosa replacement urethroplasty...
February 2017: Urologic Clinics of North America
Vipul Gupta, Sunil Kumar Yadav, Talal Alanzi, Islam Amer, Mohmmad Salah, Mamdouh Ahmed
OBJECTIVE: Snodgrass urethroplasty remains the preferred technique in primary distal hypospadias but development of meatal stenosis often limits distal extension of the midline incision of the urethral plate (MIUP), which remains a limiting factor in reconstructing an apical neomeatus (NM). We here-in assess the cosmetic and functional outcome with distal extension of the MIUP in grafted tubularised incised-plate urethroplasty (G-TIP) repair. PATIENTS AND METHODS: This prospective study included the surgical experience of 263 cases of primary hypospadias operated upon between 2012 and 2015...
December 2016: Arab Journal of Urology
Theresa E Gildner, Tara J Cepon-Robins, Melissa A Liebert, Samuel S Urlacher, Felicia C Madimenos, J Josh Snodgrass, Lawrence S Sugiyama
BACKGROUND: Soil-transmitted helminth (STH) infection peaks during childhood and varies by sex. The impact of market integration (MI) (increasing production for and consumption from a market-based economy) on these infection patterns, however, is unclear. In this study, STH infection is examined by sex and age among indigenous Shuar inhabiting two regions of Amazonian Ecuador: (1) the modestly market-integrated Upano Valley (UV) and (2) the more traditional Cross-Cutucú (CC) region. METHODS: Kato-Katz fecal smears were examined for parasite presence and infection intensity...
November 24, 2016: Journal of Physiological Anthropology
Suzanne J Snodgrass, Maya Guest, Ashley K Kable, Carole James, Samantha E Ashby, Ronald C Plotnikoff, Clare E Collins
The prevalence of obesity is increasing. The potential for allied health professionals to intervene through the provision of lifestyle advice is unknown. This study aimed to determine the knowledge, attitudes and practices of health professionals in the provision of dietary and physical activity advice for clients with overweight or obesity. Dietitians, exercise physiologists, nurses, occupational therapists, physiotherapists and psychologists (n = 296) working in New South Wales were surveyed using paper-based and online methods...
November 14, 2016: Healthcare (Basel, Switzerland)
Theresa E Gildner, Melissa A Liebert, Benjamin D Capistrant, Catherine D'Este, J Josh Snodgrass, Paul Kowal
OBJECTIVES: Perceived income adequacy is positively associated with self-rated health (SRH) and quality of life (QOL) among adults in higher-income countries. Additionally, older individuals often report higher levels of income adequacy. However, it is unclear if these associations, documented primarily in high-income countries, are also evident across economically and culturally distinctive low- and middle-income countries. METHODS: Data were drawn from the World Health Organization's Study on global AGEing and adult health (SAGE), a study of adults aged 50 years or older in China, Ghana, India, Mexico, the Russian Federation, and South Africa...
November 16, 2016: Journals of Gerontology. Series B, Psychological Sciences and Social Sciences
Brian H Silverstein, Michael Snodgrass, Howard Shevrin, Ramesh Kushwaha
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
October 15, 2016: Cortex; a Journal Devoted to the Study of the Nervous System and Behavior
Bart N Green, Claire D Johnson, Jeff Snodgrass, Monica Smith, Andrew S Dunn
PURPOSE: Back pain is the leading cause of global years lived with disability. This cross-sectional study assessed if a greater exposure to smoking cigarettes was associated with a greater prevalence of back pain. METHODS:  This study examined data from 34,525 United States adults from the 2012 National Health Interview Survey. Analyses assessed the difference in back pain prevalence among current smokers, former smokers, and never smokers and the number of cigarettes smoked between current smokers with and without back pain...
September 26, 2016: Curēus
Rutger M J de Zoete, Peter G Osmotherly, Darren A Rivett, Scott F Farrell, Suzanne J Snodgrass
OBJECTIVE: To (1) identify reported tests used to assess sensorimotor control in individuals with idiopathic neck pain and (2) investigate whether these test can quantify differences between individuals with idiopathic neck pain and healthy individuals. DATA SOURCES: Databases AMED, CINAHL, Cochrane Central Register of Controlled Trials, EMBASE, MEDLINE, PEDro, SCOPUS and SportDiscus. STUDY SELECTION: Studies reporting sensorimotor outcomes in individuals with idiopathic neck pain or healthy individuals were identified...
October 19, 2016: Archives of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation
David A Raichlen, Herman Pontzer, Jacob A Harris, Audax Z P Mabulla, Frank W Marlowe, J Josh Snodgrass, Geeta Eick, J Colette Berbesque, Amelia Sancilio, Brian M Wood
OBJECTIVES: Time spent in moderate-to-vigorous physical activity (MVPA) is a strong predictor of cardiovascular health, yet few humans living in industrialized societies meet current recommendations (150 min/week). Researchers have long suggested that human physiological requirements for aerobic exercise reflect an evolutionary shift to a hunting and gathering foraging strategy, and a recent transition to more sedentary lifestyles likely represents a mismatch with our past in terms of physical activity...
October 9, 2016: American Journal of Human Biology: the Official Journal of the Human Biology Council
Chen Shuzhu, Wu Min, Liu Yidong, Ye Weijing
BACKGROUND: Over the past two decades, Snodgrass tubularized incised plate (TIP) urethroplasty has become one of the dominant surgical techniques with wide applications and excellent cosmetic results. However, TIP has many limitations. We performed a retrospective study at our department and assessed the outcome of the inlay internal preputial graft for extending the applications of TIP. METHODS: Between January 2009 and December 2013, we performed a retrospective study consisting of approximately 508 primary distal and moderate cases...
2016: SpringerPlus
Theresa Mallick-Searle, Brett Snodgrass, Jeannine M Brant
Herpes zoster, also known as shingles, is a distinctive clinical condition caused by the reactivation of latent varicella zoster (chickenpox) virus following an initial infection. Approximately 1 million cases of herpes zoster occur annually in the US, and one in every three people develops herpes zoster during their lifetime. Postherpetic neuralgia is a neuropathic pain syndrome characterized by pain that persists for months to years after resolution of the herpes zoster rash. It stems from damage to peripheral and central neurons that may be a byproduct of the immune/inflammatory response accompanying varicella zoster virus reactivation...
2016: Journal of Multidisciplinary Healthcare
Kirtikumar Rathod, Jaskiren Loyal, Bharat More, Ashok Rajimwale
BACKGROUND: To describe a modification of PATIO repair for urethrocutaneous fistula repair and evaluate its outcome. METHODS: We studied 15 boys who underwent modified PATIO repair from Jan 2010 to Sept 2015. Parameters studied included age, type of hypospadias, age at first urethroplasty, hypospadias repair technique, number of urethroplasties required, location of fistula, time gap between urethroplasty and fistula repair, method of fistula repair, and outcome of fistula repair...
October 1, 2016: Pediatric Surgery International
Grahame M Knox, Suzanne J Snodgrass, Tasha R Stanton, David H Kelly, Bill Vicenzino, Benedict M Wand, Darren A Rivett
OBJECTIVES: Clinical reasoning can be difficult to teach to pre-professional physiotherapy students due to their lack of clinical experience. It may be that tools such as clinical prediction rules (CPRs) could aid the process, but there has been little investigation into their use in physiotherapy clinical education. This study aimed to determine the perceptions and experiences of physiotherapy students regarding CPRs, and whether they are learning about CPRs on clinical placement. DESIGN: Cross-sectional survey using a paper-based questionnaire...
April 18, 2016: Physiotherapy
Colin M Brand, Klaree J Boose, Erica C Squires, Linda F Marchant, Frances J White, Audra Meinelt, J Josh Snodgrass
Hair plucking has been observed in many captive primate species, including the great apes; however, the etiology of this behavioral pattern is poorly understood. While this behavior has not been reported in wild apes, an ethologically identical behavior in humans, known as trichotillomania, is linked to chronic psychosocial stress and is a predominantly female disorder. This study examines hair plucking (defined here as a rapid jerking away of the hair shaft and follicle by the hand or mouth, often accompanied by inspection and consumption of the hair shaft and follicle) in a captive group of bonobos (N = 13) at the Columbus Zoo and Aquarium in Columbus, Ohio...
September 2016: Zoo Biology
R B Biritwum, N Minicuci, A E Yawson, O Theou, G P Mensah, N Naidoo, F Wu, Y Guo, Y Zheng, Y Jiang, T Maximova, S Kalula, P Arokiasamy, A Salinas-Rodríguez, B Manrique-Espinoza, J J Snodgrass, K N Sterner, G Eick, M A Liebert, J Schrock, S Afshar, E Thiele, S Vollmer, K Harttgen, H Strulik, J E Byles, K Rockwood, A Mitnitski, S Chatterji, P Kowal
BACKGROUND: The severe burden imposed by frailty and disability in old age is a major challenge for healthcare systems in low- and middle-income countries alike. The current study aimed to provide estimates of the prevalence of frailty and disability in older adult populations and to examine their relationship with socioeconomic factors in six countries. METHODS: Focusing on adults aged 50+ years, a frailty index was constructed as the proportion of deficits in 40 variables, and disability was assessed using the World Health Organization Disability Assessment Schedule (WHODAS 2...
September 2016: Maturitas
Clinton A J Duffy
Although primarily a coral reef species the grey reef shark Carcharhinus amblyrhynchos has been recorded from a number of subtropical oceanic islands and reefs in the Southwest Pacific Ocean. Examination of all nominal C. amblyrhynchos voucher material collected from Lord Howe Island, Elizabeth and Middleton Reefs and Norfolk Island resulted in the re-identification of these specimens as Galapagos sharks, C. galapagensis. As C. amblyrhynchos superficially resembles C. galapagensis visual records of C. amblyrhynchos from Elizabeth and Middleton Reefs and the Kermadec Islands cannot be substantiated without voucher material...
2016: Zootaxa
Alejandra C Valverde, Francisco A Crespo, Mónica S Iglesias
The genus Lanta Hebard 1921 includes three species found in the Neotropical region. Two species are known from Argentina, L. peniculiger (province of Santa Fe), and L. scotia (provinces of Córdoba and Santiago del Estero) (see Crespo et al. 2010), and one from Brazil, L. borgesae, (Araras, São Paulo) (Rocha e Silva & Vasconcellos, 1984). All species have been described on the basis of male external characters, such as wing veins, leg spines, hypandrium, shape and position of the styli, in addition to coloration and size...
2016: Zootaxa
Geeta Eick, Samuel S Urlacher, Thomas W McDade, Paul Kowal, J Josh Snodgrass
Our objective was to validate a commercially available ELISA to measure antibody titers against Epstein-Barr virus (EBV) in dried blood spots (DBS) to replace a previously validated assay for DBS that is no longer available. We evaluated the precision, reliability, and stability of the assay for the measurement of EBV antibodies in matched plasma, fingerprick DBS, and venous blood DBS samples from 208 individuals. Effects of hematocrit and DBS sample matrix on EBV antibody determination were also investigated, and the cutoff for seropositivity in DBS was determined...
2016: Biodemography and Social Biology
N C Bush, T D Barber, D Dajusta, J C Prieto, A Ziada, W Snodgrass
BACKGROUND: Teaching and learning hypospadias repair is a major component of pediatric urology fellowship training. Educators must transfer skills to fellows, without increasing patient complications. Nevertheless, few studies report results of surgeons during their first years of independent practice. PURPOSE: To review outcomes of distal hypospadias repairs performed during the same 2-year period by consecutive, recently matriculated, surgeons in independent practice, and to compare them to results by their mentor (with >20 years of experience)...
June 2016: Journal of Pediatric Urology
Kikumi D Ono-Moore, Ryan G Snodgrass, Shurong Huang, Shamsher Singh, Tammy L Freytag, Dustin J Burnett, Ellen L Bonnel, Leslie R Woodhouse, Susan J Zunino, Janet M Peerson, Joo Young Lee, John C Rutledge, Daniel H Hwang
BACKGROUND: Saturated fatty acids (FAs) released from triglyceride-rich lipoproteins (TGRLs) activate Toll-like receptor 2 (TLR-2) and induce the expression of proinflammatory cytokines in monocytes. Certain plant polyphenols inhibit TLR-mediated signaling pathways. OBJECTIVE: We determined whether plasma free FAs (FFAs) after a moderately high-fat (MHF, 40% kcal from fat) breakfast modulate the inflammatory status of postprandial blood, and whether blueberry intake suppresses FFA-induced inflammatory responses in healthy humans...
July 2016: Journal of Nutrition
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