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Keaton Stagaman, Tara J Cepon-Robins, Melissa A Liebert, Theresa E Gildner, Samuel S Urlacher, Felicia C Madimenos, Karen Guillemin, J Josh Snodgrass, Lawrence S Sugiyama, Brendan J M Bohannan
Economic development is marked by dramatic increases in the incidence of microbiome-associated diseases, such as autoimmune diseases and metabolic syndromes, but the lifestyle changes that drive alterations in the human microbiome are not known. We measured market integration as a proxy for economically related lifestyle attributes, such as ownership of specific market goods that index degree of market integration and components of traditional and nontraditional (more modern) house structure and infrastructure, and profiled the fecal microbiomes of 213 participants from a contiguous, indigenous Ecuadorian population...
January 2018: MSystems
Carole James, Daphne James, Valerie Nie, Tracy Schumacher, Maya Guest, John Tessier, Jeffrey Marley, Joanna Bohatko-Naismith, Suzanne Snodgrass
This cross-sectional study investigated musculoskeletal discomfort and computer use in university staff, through the use of online questionnaires. Results showed a high prevalence of staff reported musculoskeletal discomfort during the preceding year (80%), with neck (60%), shoulder (53%) and lower back discomfort (47%) being the most common. Most believed discomfort was caused by work, although neck discomfort was significantly less in those reporting excellent mental health (OR 0.44, p < 0.01). Computer navigation was performed primarily by mouse (77%); however, using a touch pad increased the odds (OR 1...
May 2018: Applied Ergonomics
Deborah L Carr, Ernest E Smith, Arunthavarani Thiyagarajah, Meghan Cromie, Christopher Crumly, Angela Davis, Meijun Dong, Carlos Garcia, Lucas Heintzman, Tiffany Hopper, Kourtney Kouth, Kimberly Morris, Amelia Ruehlen, Phillip Snodgrass, Katelynn Vaughn, James A Carr
We examined gonads and thyroid glands of Gulf killifish (Fundulus grandis) 1yr after the Deepwater Horizon oil spill. F. grandis were trapped from two impacted sites in Barataria Bay (Bayou St. Denis, Bay Jimmy) and an un-impacted site in East Texas (Sabine Pass). The greatest number of F. grandis were collected at Sabine Pass. F. grandis collected at Bayou St. Denis were smaller and had smaller Fulton condition factor scores than fish collected at Sabine Pass. Sex ratios were biased roughly 2:1 in favor of females at Sabine Pass and Bayou St...
February 21, 2018: Ecotoxicology and Environmental Safety
Stephanie D Snodgrass, Tasha M Poissant, Ann R Thomas
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
February 16, 2018: MMWR. Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report
Rajat Piplani, Satish K Aggarwal, Simmi K Ratan
Aims: To study the role of uroflowmetry in the preoperative and early postoperative period in children undergoing hypospadias repair. Materials and Methods: Twenty-six cases undergoing hypospadias repair over 1 year (tubularized incised plate [TIP] Snodgrass [17 patients], TIP with Snodgraft [5 patients], Duckett's onlay flap [2 patients], and Duckett's tube [2 patients] urethroplasty) were prospectively evaluated with preoperative ultrasound and uroflowmetry and postoperative uroflowmetry at 3 months after the surgery and at 6 and 9 months interval if these dates fell within the study period on follow-up...
January 2018: Urology Annals
Rayven Snodgrass, Leonard T Nguyen, Maggie Guo, Marcus Vaska, Christopher Naugler, Fariborz Rashid-Kolvear
OBJECTIVE: Acute lymphocytic leukemia (ALL) is a rare malignant neoplasm that develops from abnormal lymphoid stem cells. ALL incidence is highest among children and declines towards adolescence. There is limited data on the epidemiology of ALL, especially in Canada. This retrospective cohort study used patient data from the Calgary Laboratory Services Cancer Cytogenetics Laboratory to report the incidence rate of ALL in Calgary, Alberta, Canada. New cases of ALL were identified for the 5-year period of January 1, 2011 until December 31, 2015...
February 7, 2018: BMC Research Notes
Melinda R Snodgrass, Moon Y Chung, Hedda Meadan, James W Halle
BACKGROUND: Single-case research (SCR) has been a valuable methodology in special education research. Montrose Wolf (1978), an early pioneer in single-case methodology, coined the term "social validity" to refer to the social importance of the goals selected, the acceptability of procedures employed, and the effectiveness of the outcomes produced in applied investigations. Since 1978, many contributors to SCR have included social validity as a feature of their articles and several authors have examined the prevalence and role of social validity in SCR...
January 30, 2018: Research in Developmental Disabilities
Ekaterina Zezina, Ryan G Snodgrass, Yannick Schreiber, Sven Zukunft, Christoph Schürmann, Dagmar Meyer Zu Heringdorf, Gerd Geisslinger, Ingrid Fleming, Ralf P Brandes, Bernhard Brüne, Dmitry Namgaladze
Macrophages in adipose tissue contribute to inflammation and the development of insulin resistance in obesity. Exposure of macrophages to saturated fatty acids alters cell metabolism and activates pro-inflammatory signaling. How fatty acids influence macrophage mitochondrial dynamics is unclear. We investigated the mechanism of palmitate-induced mitochondrial fragmentation and its impact on inflammatory responses in primary human macrophages. Fatty acids, such as palmitate, caused mitochondrial fragmentation in human macrophages...
January 19, 2018: Biochimica et Biophysica Acta
Nathanael West, Suzanne J Snodgrass, Carole James
BACKGROUND: Limited literature exists investigating biomechanical changes during a Functional Capacity Evaluation (FCE). OBJECTIVE: To determine change in joint angle measurement between minimum load to safe maximum load in the bench to shoulder lift of the WorkHab FCE. METHODS: Dartfish ProSuite was used to analyse bench to shoulder lift video from 28 subjects. Measurements of joint angle at lumbar spine, thoracic spine, elbow and shoulder at four points in the ascending and descending lift phases (0/3, 1/3, 2/3, 3/3) in the minimum load and safe maximum lift were collected...
January 18, 2018: Work: a Journal of Prevention, Assessment, and Rehabilitation
Jodi L Young, Daniel I Rhon, Joshua A Cleland, Suzanne J Snodgrass
Study Design Systematic review. Background Therapeutic exercise is commonly used to treat individuals with knee disorders, but dosing parameters for optimal outcomes are unclear. Large variations exist in exercise prescription, and research related to specific dosing variables for knee osteoarthritis, patellar tendinopathy and patellofemoral pain syndrome is sparse. Objectives To identify specific doses of exercise related to improved outcomes of pain and function in individuals with common knee disorders, categorized by effect size...
January 10, 2018: Journal of Orthopaedic and Sports Physical Therapy
Catherine M Purcell, Arun S Seetharam, Owyn Snodgrass, Sofia Ortega-García, John R Hyde, Andrew J Severin
BACKGROUND: The assembly and annotation of a genome is a valuable resource for a species, with applications ranging from conservation genomics to gene discovery. Genomic resource development is especially important for species in culture, such as the California Yellowtail (Seriola dorsalis), the likely candidate for the establishment of commercial offshore aquaculture production in southern California. Genomic resource development for this species will improve the understanding of sex and other phenotypic traits, and allow for rapid increases in genetic improvement for and economic gain in culture production...
January 8, 2018: BMC Genomics
Archika Gupta, Rajesh Gupta, Punit Srivastav, Ankush Gupta
Objective: To compare the effect of interrupted- and continuous-suture urethroplasty on complication rates in Snodgrass tubularised incised-plate (TIP) hypospadias repair. Patients and methods: This was a prospective randomised study comprising 100 boys (age range 1-5 years) with primary subcoronal, distal- and mid-penile hypospadias who underwent repair from October 2010 to March 2015 in a tertiary care hospital. Boys with glanular, recurrent, and proximal hypospadias were excluded from the study...
December 2017: Arab Journal of Urology
Mark Wallace, Alexander White, Kathy A Grako, Randal Lane, Allen Jo Cato, H Ralph Snodgrass
BACKGROUND AND AIMS: Neuropathic pain is a significant medical problem needing more effective treatments with fewer side effects. Overactive glutamatergic transmission via N-methyl-d-aspartate receptors (NMDARs) are known to play a role in central sensitization and neuropathic pain. Although ketamine, a NMDAR channel-blocking antagonist, is often used for neuropathic pain, its side-effect profile and abusive potential has prompted the search for a safer effective oral analgesic. A novel oral prodrug, AV-101 (l-4 chlorokynurenine), which, in the brain, is converted into one of the most potent and selective GlyB site antagonists of the NMDAR, has been demonstrated to be active in animal models of neuropathic pain...
October 2017: Scandinavian Journal of Pain
William Leggio, Andrew Snodgrass
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 2017: JEMS: a Journal of Emergency Medical Services
Ashley Sturgeon, David Allen Pate, Ravi Patel, Katherine Snodgrass, Michelle Tarbox, Fiona Prabhu, Phillip Watkins
Non-melanoma skin cancer (NMSC) is a common reason for outpatient primary care visits. Uninsured patients may be at a higher risk for NMSC due to lack of access to health care and a possible increased risk of sun exposure due to insecure housing. The true incidence of NMSC in this population is unknown. In order to determine the population's incidence of NMSC we performed a retrospective chart review on all patients (n = 656) seen at the Lubbock Impact Free Clinic from July 1, 2014 through July 30, 2015. This highlighted an increased incidence of NMSC in our uninsured population (1...
2017: Journal of Health Care for the Poor and Underserved
Eric Robert Gattie, Joshua A Cleland, Suzanne J Snodgrass
BACKGROUND: Neck pain is a costly and common problem. Current treatments are not adequately effective for a large proportion of patients who continue to experience recurrent pain. Therefore, new treatment strategies should be investigated in an attempt to reduce the disability and high costs associated with neck pain. Dry needling is a technique in which a fine needle is used to penetrate the skin, subcutaneous tissues, and muscle with the intent to mechanically disrupt tissue without the use of an anesthetic...
November 22, 2017: JMIR Research Protocols
Jodi L Young, Daniel I Rhon, Rutger M J de Zoete, Joshua A Cleland, Suzanne J Snodgrass
OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this review was to identify doses of exercise therapy associated with greater treatment effect sizes in individuals with common musculoskeletal disorders of the foot and ankle, namely, achilles tendinopathy, ankle sprains and plantar heel pain. METHODS: AMED, EMBASE and MEDLINE were searched from 2005 to August 2017 for randomized controlled trials related to exercise for these three diagnoses. The Physiotherapy Evidence Database scale was used for methodological quality assessment...
November 4, 2017: Brazilian Journal of Physical Therapy
D Chester Upham, Vishal Agarwal, Alexander Khechfe, Zachary R Snodgrass, Michael J Gordon, Horia Metiu, Eric W McFarland
Metals that are active catalysts for methane (Ni, Pt, Pd), when dissolved in inactive low-melting temperature metals (In, Ga, Sn, Pb), produce stable molten metal alloy catalysts for pyrolysis of methane into hydrogen and carbon. All solid catalysts previously used for this reaction have been deactivated by carbon deposition. In the molten alloy system, the insoluble carbon floats to the surface where it can be skimmed off. A 27% Ni-73% Bi alloy achieved 95% methane conversion at 1065°C in a 1.1-meter bubble column and produced pure hydrogen without CO2 or other by-products...
November 17, 2017: Science
N C Bush, W Snodgrass
INTRODUCTION: Two reports have found that urethral plate (UP) widths <8 mm before tubularized incised plate (TIP) incision increased urethroplasty complications. The present study measured pre-incision UP width in consecutive boys undergoing TIP to determine if it affected outcomes. METHODS: The present study followed the method previously used by Holland and Smith, and Sarhan et al. to measure UP width before creating glans wings or performing midline plate incision in consecutive patients with primary hypospadias and ventral curvature <30°, who all underwent TIP repair (Summary Fig...
December 2017: Journal of Pediatric Urology
Mamatha Basavaraju, Dhiraj K Balaji
Aim: The aim of this study is to compare tunica vaginalis (TV), dorsal dartos, and ventral dartos flap as a second layer vascular cover during Snodgrass repair. Materials and Methods: Data of 83 patients who underwent primary hypospadias repair with Snodgrass technique (age range: 1.6-12 years) were retrospectively collected and compared. They were divided into three groups. Group A (26 patients) included cases using TV flap, Group B (36 patients) included those where dorsal dartos from prepuce was used as second cover, and Group C (21 patients) included those with ventral dartos as cover...
October 2017: Urology Annals
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