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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28579133/two-stage-flap-repair-of-severe-hypospadias-usefulness-of-the-tubularized-incised-plate-urethroplasty
#1
K H Tijani, H O Idiodi-Thomas, O A Elebute, F M Alakaloko, R W Ojewola, A O Ademuyiwa
PURPOSE: The use of flaps in the two-stage repair of posterior hypospadias associated with severe chordee has been well established. Despite the almost certain guarantee of flap take, complications such as diverticuli are still relatively high. While different applications of the tubularized incised plate have been described, experience with the application of the technique to the two-stage flap repair is very limited. A previous local review of 15 cases performed at the present institution during the period 1998-2003, using the technique as described by Rekit, revealed fistulae and diverticulum rates of 20% and 27%, respectively...
May 20, 2017: Journal of Pediatric Urology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28558447/physical-characteristics-associated-with-neck-pain-and-injury-in-rugby-union-players
#2
Suzanne J Snodgrass, Peter G Osmotherly, Susan A Reid, Peter D Milburn, Darren A Rivett
BACKGROUND: Neck pain and injury are common in rugby union. Physical characteristics predisposing players to neck injury are largely unknown. This study aimed to determine physical characteristics associated with neck pain and injury in rugby union players. METHODS: Semi-professional rugby union players (n=142) underwent pre-season measurements including cervical active range of motion (AROM), strength, sensorimotor proprioception (joint position error), and anthropometry...
May 30, 2017: Journal of Sports Medicine and Physical Fitness
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28554971/the-67p-churyumov-gerasimenko-observation-campaign-in-support-of-the-rosetta-mission
#3
C Snodgrass, M F A'Hearn, F Aceituno, V Afanasiev, S Bagnulo, J Bauer, G Bergond, S Besse, N Biver, D Bodewits, H Boehnhardt, B P Bonev, G Borisov, B Carry, V Casanova, A Cochran, B C Conn, B Davidsson, J K Davies, J de León, E de Mooij, M de Val-Borro, M Delacruz, M A DiSanti, J E Drew, R Duffard, N J T Edberg, S Faggi, L Feaga, A Fitzsimmons, H Fujiwara, E L Gibb, M Gillon, S F Green, A Guijarro, A Guilbert-Lepoutre, P J Gutiérrez, E Hadamcik, O Hainaut, S Haque, R Hedrosa, D Hines, U Hopp, F Hoyo, D Hutsemékers, M Hyland, O Ivanova, E Jehin, G H Jones, J V Keane, M S P Kelley, N Kiselev, J Kleyna, M Kluge, M M Knight, R Kokotanekova, D Koschny, E A Kramer, J J López-Moreno, P Lacerda, L M Lara, J Lasue, H J Lehto, A C Levasseur-Regourd, J Licandro, Z Y Lin, T Lister, S C Lowry, A Mainzer, J Manfroid, J Marchant, A J McKay, A McNeill, K J Meech, M Micheli, I Mohammed, M Monguió, F Moreno, O Muñoz, M J Mumma, P Nikolov, C Opitom, J L Ortiz, L Paganini, M Pajuelo, F J Pozuelos, S Protopapa, T Pursimo, B Rajkumar, Y Ramanjooloo, E Ramos, C Ries, A Riffeser, V Rosenbush, P Rousselot, E L Ryan, P Santos-Sanz, D G Schleicher, M Schmidt, R Schulz, A K Sen, A Somero, A Sota, A Stinson, J M Sunshine, A Thompson, G P Tozzi, C Tubiana, G L Villanueva, X Wang, D H Wooden, M Yagi, B Yang, B Zaprudin, T J Zegmott
We present a summary of the campaign of remote observations that supported the European Space Agency's Rosetta mission. Telescopes across the globe (and in space) followed comet 67P/Churyumov-Gerasimenko from before Rosetta's arrival until nearly the end of the mission in September 2016. These provided essential data for mission planning, large-scale context information for the coma and tails beyond the spacecraft and a way to directly compare 67P with other comets. The observations revealed 67P to be a relatively 'well-behaved' comet, typical of Jupiter family comets and with activity patterns that repeat from orbit to orbit...
July 13, 2017: Philosophical Transactions. Series A, Mathematical, Physical, and Engineering Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28540511/timed-written-picture-naming-in-14-european-languages
#4
Mark Torrance, Guido Nottbusch, Rui A Alves, Barbara Arfé, Lucile Chanquoy, Evgeny Chukharev-Hudilainen, Ioannis Dimakos, Raquel Fidalgo, Jukka Hyönä, Ómar I Jóhannesson, George Madjarov, Dennis N Pauly, Per Henning Uppstad, Luuk van Waes, Michael Vernon, Åsa Wengelin
We describe the Multilanguage Written Picture Naming Dataset. This gives trial-level data and time and agreement norms for written naming of the 260 pictures of everyday objects that compose the colorized Snodgrass and Vanderwart picture set (Rossion & Pourtois in Perception, 33, 217-236, 2004). Adult participants gave keyboarded responses in their first language under controlled experimental conditions (N = 1,274, with subsamples responding in Bulgarian, Dutch, English, Finnish, French, German, Greek, Icelandic, Italian, Norwegian, Portuguese, Russian, Spanish, and Swedish)...
May 24, 2017: Behavior Research Methods
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28521623/enzyme-linked-immunoassay-based-quantitative-measurement-of-apolipoprotein-b-apob-in-dried-blood-spots-a-biomarker-of-cardiovascular-disease-risk
#5
Geeta N Eick, Paul Kowal, Tyler Barrett, Elizabeth A Thiele, J Josh Snodgrass
Apolipoprotein B (ApoB) is a strong predictor of cardiovascular disease, which remains the leading cause of mortality in both higher and lower income countries. Here, we adapted an enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA) development kit for quantitative determination of ApoB levels in serum and plasma for use with dried blood spots (DBS). After confirming the dilution linearity of the assay for DBS, we measured ApoB in 208 venous DBS samples. Then, using Passing-Bablok regression analysis and Spearman rank correlation analysis, we evaluated the correspondence in ApoB values between matched plasma and finger-prick DBS samples from 40 individuals who had ApoB values spanning the range of ApoB values observed in the 208 vDBS samples...
2017: Biodemography and Social Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28428091/characterization-of-the-effects-of-l-4-chlorokynurenine-on-nociception-in-rodents
#6
Tony L Yaksh, Robert Schwarcz, H Ralph Snodgrass
Upon systemic administration in rats, the prodrug L-4-chlorokynurenine (4-Cl-KYN) (AV-101) is rapidly absorbed, actively transported across the blood-brain barrier, and converted in astrocytes to 7-chlorokynurenic acid (7-Cl-KYNA), a potent and specific antagonist of the GlyB co-agonist site of the NMDA receptor. We examined the effects of 4-Cl-KYN in several rat models of hyperalgesia and allodynia and determined the concentrations of 4-Cl-KYN and newly produced 7-Cl-KYNA in serum, brain and spinal cord. Adult male rats were given 4-Cl-KYN (56, 167, 500 mg/kg), the NMDA receptor antagonist MK-801 (0...
April 17, 2017: Journal of Pain: Official Journal of the American Pain Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28400187/staged-tubularized-autograft-repair-for-primary-proximal-hypospadias-with-30-degree-or-greater-ventral-curvature
#7
Warren Snodgrass, Nicol Bush
PURPOSE: We report outcomes in consecutive patients with primary proximal hypospadias and ventral curvature 30 degrees or greater after degloving, all repaired with 2-stage tubularized autografts, a variation of the Nicolle-Bracka procedure. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Consecutive boys with proximal hypospadias and ventral curvature 30 degrees or greater after degloving underwent transection of the urethral plate. In addition, those with persistent ventral curvature 30 degrees or greater underwent 3 ventral corporotomies without corporal grafting for straightening...
April 9, 2017: Journal of Urology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28399566/chronic-noncommunicable-diseases-in-6-low-and-middle-income-countries-findings-from-wave-1-of-the-world-health-organization-s-study-on-global-ageing-and-adult-health-sage
#8
Perianayagam Arokiasamy, Uttamacharya, Paul Kowal, Benjamin D Capistrant, Theresa E Gildner, Elizabeth Thiele, Richard B Biritwum, Alfred E Yawson, George Mensah, Tamara Maximova, Fan Wu, Yanfei Guo, Yang Zheng, Sebastiana Zimba Kalula, Aarón Salinas Rodríguez, Betty Manrique Espinoza, Melissa A Liebert, Geeta Eick, Kirstin N Sterner, Tyler M Barrett, Kwabena Duedu, Ernest Gonzales, Nawi Ng, Joel Negin, Yong Jiang, Julie Byles, Savathree Lorna Madurai, Nadia Minicuci, J Josh Snodgrass, Nirmala Naidoo, Somnath Chatterji
In this paper, we examine patterns of self-reported diagnosis of noncommunicable diseases (NCDs) and prevalences of algorithm/measured test-based, undiagnosed, and untreated NCDs in China, Ghana, India, Mexico, Russia, and South Africa. Nationally representative samples of older adults aged ≥50 years were analyzed from wave 1 of the World Health Organization's Study on Global Ageing and Adult Health (2007-2010; n = 34,149). Analyses focused on 6 conditions: angina, arthritis, asthma, chronic lung disease, depression, and hypertension...
March 15, 2017: American Journal of Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28324648/influence-of-modern-stormwater-management-practices-on-transport-of-road-salt-to-surface-waters
#9
Joel W Snodgrass, Joel Moore, Steven M Lev, Ryan E Casey, David R Ownby, Robert F Flora, Grant Izzo
Application of road salts in regions with colder climates is leading to ground and surface water contamination. However, we know little about how modern stormwater management practices affect the movement of road salt through urban watersheds. We investigated groundwater contamination and transport of road salts at two stormwater ponds in Baltimore County, Maryland. In association with the ponds, we documented a plume of contaminated groundwater that resulted in Cl(-) loadings to the adjacent stream of 6574 to 40 008 kg Cl(-) per winter, depending on winter snowfall...
April 18, 2017: Environmental Science & Technology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28197141/metabolomic-and-metagenomic-analysis-of-two-crude-oil-production-pipelines-experiencing-differential-rates-of-corrosion
#10
Vincent Bonifay, Boris Wawrik, Jan Sunner, Emily C Snodgrass, Egemen Aydin, Kathleen E Duncan, Amy V Callaghan, Athenia Oldham, Turid Liengen, Iwona Beech
Corrosion processes in two North Sea oil production pipelines were studied by analyzing pig envelope samples via metagenomic and metabolomic techniques. Both production systems have similar physico-chemical properties and injection waters are treated with nitrate, but one pipeline experiences severe corrosion and the other does not. Early and late pigging material was collected to gain insight into the potential causes for differential corrosion rates. Metabolites were extracted and analyzed via ultra-high performance liquid chromatography/high-resolution mass spectrometry with electrospray ionization (ESI) in both positive and negative ion modes...
2017: Frontiers in Microbiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28158962/the-effectiveness-of-trigger-point-dry-needling-for-musculoskeletal-conditions-by-physical-therapists-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#11
Eric Gattie, Joshua A Cleland, Suzanne Snodgrass
Study Design Systematic review and meta-analysis. Background An increasing number of physical therapists in the United States and throughout the world are using dry needling to treat musculoskeletal pain. Objective To examine the short- and long-term effectiveness of dry needling delivered by a physical therapist for any musculoskeletal pain condition. Methods Electronic databases were searched. Eligible randomized controlled trials included those with human subjects who had musculoskeletal conditions that were treated with dry needling performed by a physical therapist, compared with a control or other intervention...
March 2017: Journal of Orthopaedic and Sports Physical Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28131502/editorial-comment
#12
Warren Snodgrass, Nicol Bush
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 25, 2017: Journal of Urology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28090101/a-novel-mathematical-model-for-determining-faculty-workload
#13
Leo R Fitzpatrick, Carol Millette-Snodgrass, Eman Atef
Objective. To develop a mathematical model for determining faculty workload at a college of pharmacy with a team-based learning curriculum. Methods. Using faculty provided data, our model calculated activity and weighted means in teaching, scholarship and service. Subsequently, these data were used to develop departmental and institutional workload models. Results. For the pharmaceutical and biomedical sciences department, percent faculty activity mean values were greatest for service followed by teaching and scholarship...
November 25, 2016: American Journal of Pharmaceutical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28089110/recurrence-after-management-of-meatal-balanitis-xerotica-obliterans
#14
Warren Snodgrass, Juan Soto Blanquel, Nicol Corbin Bush
INTRODUCTION: We review outcomes after management of meatal balanitis xerotica obliterans (BXO). The primary outcome was recurrent meatal BXO. METHODS: A database comprising mostly hypospadias patients was queried for meatal BXO. The disease was confirmed histologically in all cases. Management included topical steroids and/or immunosuppressants, and/or surgical excision of BXO with two-stage oral mucosa graft circumferential replacement urethroplasty. RESULTS: A total of 12 patients had meatal BXO (8 boys and 4 adults)...
November 23, 2016: Journal of Pediatric Urology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28057982/primary-hypospadias-repair-techniques-a-review-of-the-evidence
#15
REVIEW
Warren Snodgrass, Nicol Bush
This review summarizes data regarding commonly used surgical techniques to repair distal and proximal hypospadias. We review evidence concerning indications for various procedures used in primary hypospadias repair, and their complications, urinary function and esthetic results. Available evidence suggests TIP is preferable to Mathieu for distal hypospadias correction. Current data do not identify a clear preference between TIP and onlay flap for proximal repair when there is ventral curvature <30°, or between various flap and graft options when curvature is >31°...
October 2016: Urology Annals
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28043766/re-operative-urethroplasty-after-failed-hypospadias-repair-how-prior-surgery-impacts-risk-for-additional-complications
#16
W Snodgrass, N C Bush
PURPOSE: The primary aim of this report was to compare urethroplasty complications for primary distal and proximal repairs with those after 1, 2, 3, and 4 or more re-operations. METHODS: Prospectively collected data on consecutive hypospadias repairs (tubularized incised plate (TIP), inlay, two-stage graft) from 2000 to 2015 were reviewed. Isolated fistula closures were excluded. Extracted information included patient age, meatal location, repair type, primary vs...
December 7, 2016: Journal of Pediatric Urology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28013252/an-examination-of-nucleotypic-effects-in-diploid-and-polyploid-cotton
#17
S J Snodgrass, J Jareczek, J F Wendel
Nucleotypic effects are phenotypic changes related to the total nuclear DNA amount per cell. These effects are commonly observed among and within genera for certain cell types, and the generality of the positive correlation between genome size and cell size has been well established. However, there are few studies of nucleotypic effects which incorporate into the analysis both ploidy level and genome size (given as Mbp determined by 2C values). To test the hypothesis that cell size scales with genome size and ploidy, we measured the guard cell length, epidermal pavement cell surface area, and pollen grain diameter using individuals of multiple species and accessions of the cotton genus (Gossypium), in which different species exhibit three-fold variation in genome size...
January 2017: AoB Plants
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27989535/history-of-hypospadias-lost-in-translation
#18
Ahmed T Hadidi
The evolution of hypospadias surgery can be classified under 3 periods that were closely related to advances in surgical instruments, introduction of anesthesia, and newer suture materials. Stretching dominated the early period, tunneling during the Middle Ages, and flaps during the modern period. Suture materials have included at various time silver wires, horsehair, and stainless steel. Examination and translation of the original manuscripts showed that Galen recommended stretching and suturing of glanular hypospadias and not amputation or partial penectomy as has been currently reported...
February 2017: Journal of Pediatric Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27951403/editorial-comment
#19
Warren Snodgrass, Nicol Bush
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 10, 2016: Journal of Urology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27908364/management-of-urethral-strictures-after-hypospadias-repair
#20
REVIEW
Warren T Snodgrass, Nicol C Bush
Strictures of the neourethra after hypospadias surgery are more common after skin flap repairs than urethral plate or neo-plate tubularizations. The diagnosis of stricture after hypospadias repair is suspected based on symptoms of stranguria, urinary retention, and/or urinary tract infection. It is confirmed by urethroscopy during anticipated repair, without preoperative urethrography. The most common repairs for neourethra stricture after hypospadias surgery are single-stage dorsal inlay graft and 2-stage labial mucosa replacement urethroplasty...
February 2017: Urologic Clinics of North America
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