keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

cool

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28735225/no-consistent-cooling-of-the-real-hand-in-the-rubber-hand-illusion
#1
Alyanne M de Haan, Haike E Van Stralen, Miranda Smit, Anouk Keizer, Stefan Van der Stigchel, H Chris Dijkerman
In the rubber hand illusion (RHI), participants view a rubber hand that is stroked synchronously with their real, hidden hand. This procedure results in experiencing an increased sense of ownership over the rubber hand and demonstrates how multisensory information (vision, touch) can influence the sense of body ownership. However, it has also been suggested that a (lack of) sense of ownership over an own body part may in turn influence bodily processes. This suggestion has previously been supported by the observation that a decrease in skin temperature in the real hand correlated with ownership over the rubber hand...
July 20, 2017: Acta Psychologica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28734288/common-behaviors-associated-with-the-glass-transitions-of-water-like-models
#2
R Horstmann, M Vogel
We perform molecular dynamics simulations to ascertain effects of the molecular polarity on structural and dynamical properties of water-like systems, in particular, on their glassy slowdown. To systematically vary the molecular dipole moments, we scale the partial charges of the established SPC/E and TIP4P/2005 models. In broad ranges of the molecular polarity, the studied SPC/E and TIP4P/2005 descendants show a density anomaly, which can be attributed to the removal of water molecules interstitial between the first and the second neighbor shells upon cooling...
July 21, 2017: Journal of Chemical Physics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28733200/hypothermic-cooling-measured-by-thermal-mri-imaging-feasibility-and-implications-for-virtual-imaging-in-the-urogenital-pelvis
#3
Douglas Skarecky, Hon Yu, Jennifer Linehan, Blanca Morales, Min-Ying Su, Peter Fwu, Thomas Ahlering
OBJECTIVE: To study the combination of thermal MRI imaging and novel hypothermic cooling, via an Endorectal Cooling Balloon (ECB) to assess the effective dispersion and temperature drop in pelvic tissue to potentially reduce inflammatory cascade in surgical applications. METHODS: Three male subjects, prior to undergoing robot-assisted radical prostatectomy (RARP), were cooled via an ECB, rendered MRI compatible by for patient safety Prior to ECB hypothermia. MRI studies were performed using a 3T scanner and included T2w anatomical scan for the pelvic structures, followed by a temperature mapping scan...
July 18, 2017: Urology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28732926/intensified-oxalic-acid-crystallization-using-ultrasonic-reactors-understanding-effect-of-operating-parameters-and-type-of-ultrasonic-reactor
#4
Rakhi S Vishwakarma, Parag R Gogate
The present work reports the comparison of the effectiveness of ultrasonic bath and horn for intensifying the cooling crystallization of oxalic acid for the first time. The effect of various parameters such as temperature, crystallization time, irradiation time, ultrasonic frequency and ultrasonic power on the crystal characteristics has been investigated. The average particle size of oxalic acid crystals reduced with an increase in irradiation time and ultrasonic power dissipation. Comparison of crystal characteristics obtained in ultrasonic bath with that obtained in the ultrasonic horn under optimized parameters revealed that the average size in the case of ultrasonic horn and bath were only marginally different...
November 2017: Ultrasonics Sonochemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28732923/effect-of-tempo-oxidization-and-rapid-cooling-on-thermo-structural-properties-of-nanocellulose
#5
Mhd Abd Cader Mhd Haniffa, Yern Chee Ching, Cheng Hock Chuah, Kuan Yong Ching, Nik Nazri, Luqman Chuah Abdullah, Liou Nai-Shang
Recently, surface functionality and thermal property of the green nanomaterials have received wide attention in numerous applications. In this study, microcrystalline cellulose (MCC) was used to prepare the nanocrystalline celluloses (NCCs) using acid hydrolysis method. The NCCs was treated with TEMPO [(2,2,6,6-tetramethylpiperidin-1-yl)oxy radical]-oxidation to prepare TEMPO-oxidized NCCs. Cellulose nanofibrils (CNFs) also prepared from MCC using TEMPO-oxidation. The effects of rapid cooling and chemical treatments on the thermo-structural property studies of the prepared nanocelluloses were investigated through FTIR, thermogravimetric analysis-derivative thermogravimetric (TGA-DTG), and XRD...
October 1, 2017: Carbohydrate Polymers
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28731840/clinical-effect-of-rebound-hyperthermia-after-cooling-postcardiac-arrest-a-meta-analysis
#6
Parth Makker, Yumiko Kanei, Deepkia Misra
Rebound hyperthermia (RH) is frequently seen after completion of targeted temperature management (TTM) in comatose survivors of cardiac arrest. However, its clinical significance is not well understood. Previous studies analyzing the association of RH with clinical outcome have reported conflicting results. The purpose of this meta-analysis is to examine the impact of RH after completion of TTM in patients postcardiac arrest. We reviewed six studies that evaluated the incidence of RH (T > 38°C) with documentation of outcome based on the presence of hyperthermia...
July 21, 2017: Therapeutic Hypothermia and Temperature Management
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28731827/convergence-consilience-and-the-evolution-of-temperate-deciduous-forests
#7
Erika J Edwards, David S Chatelet, Bo-Chang Chen, Jin Yao Ong, Shuichiro Tagane, Hironobu Kanemitsu, Kazuki Tagawa, Kentaro Teramoto, Brian Park, Kuo-Fang Chung, Jer-Ming Hu, Tetsukazu Yahara, Michael J Donoghue
The deciduous habit of northern temperate trees and shrubs provides one of the most obvious examples of convergent evolution, but how did it evolve? Hypotheses based on the fossil record posit that deciduousness evolved first in response to drought or darkness and preadapted certain lineages as cold climates spread. An alternative is that evergreens first established in freezing environments and later evolved the deciduous habit. We monitored phenological patterns of 20 species of Viburnum spanning tropical, lucidophyllous (subtropical montane and warm temperate), and cool temperate Asian forests...
August 2017: American Naturalist
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28731817/infrared-spectrometer-for-exomars-a-mast-mounted-instrument-for-the-rover
#8
Oleg I Korablev, Yurii Dobrolensky, Nadezhda Evdokimova, Anna A Fedorova, Ruslan O Kuzmin, Sergei N Mantsevich, Edward A Cloutis, John Carter, Francois Poulet, Jessica Flahaut, Andrew Griffiths, Matthew Gunn, Nicole Schmitz, Javier Martín-Torres, Maria-Paz Zorzano, Daniil S Rodionov, Jorge L Vago, Alexander V Stepanov, Andrei Yu Titov, Nikita A Vyazovetsky, Alexander Yu Trokhimovskiy, Alexander G Sapgir, Yurii K Kalinnikov, Yurii S Ivanov, Alexei A Shapkin, Andrei Yu Ivanov
ISEM (Infrared Spectrometer for ExoMars) is a pencil-beam infrared spectrometer that will measure reflected solar radiation in the near infrared range for context assessment of the surface mineralogy in the vicinity of the ExoMars rover. The instrument will be accommodated on the mast of the rover and will be operated together with the panoramic camera (PanCam), high-resolution camera (HRC). ISEM will study the mineralogical and petrographic composition of the martian surface in the vicinity of the rover, and in combination with the other remote sensing instruments, it will aid in the selection of potential targets for close-up investigations and drilling sites...
June 2017: Astrobiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28731569/diversity-in-thermal-affinity-among-key-piscivores-buffers-impacts-of-ocean-warming-on-predator-prey-interactions
#9
Rebecca L Selden, Ryan D Batt, Vincent S Saba, Malin L Pinsky
Asymmetries in responses to climate change have the potential to alter important predator-prey interactions, in part by altering the location and size of spatial refugia for prey. We evaluated the effect of ocean warming on interactions between four important piscivores and four of their prey in the U.S. Northeast Shelf by examining species overlap under historical conditions (1968-2014) and with a doubling in CO2 . Because both predator and prey shift their distributions in response to changing ocean conditions, the net impact of warming or cooling on predator-prey interactions was not determined a priori from the range extent of either predator or prey alone...
July 21, 2017: Global Change Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28730803/3d-graphene-foam-filled-elastomer-composites-with-high-thermal-and-mechanical-properties
#10
Haoming Fang, Yunhong Zhao, Yafei Zhang, Yanjuan Ren, Shulin Bai
In order to meet the increasing demands for effective heat management of electronic devices, graphene based polymeric composite is considered to be one of the candidate materials due to the ultrahigh thermal conductivity of graphene. However, poor graphene dispersion, low quality of exfoliated graphene and strong phonon scattering at graphene/matrix interface restrict the heat dissipation ability of graphene filled composites. Here, a facile and versatile approach to bond graphene foam (GF) with polydimethylsiloxane (PDMS) is proposed and the corresponding composite with considerable improvement of thermal conductivity and insulativity is fabricated...
July 21, 2017: ACS Applied Materials & Interfaces
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28730319/management-of-postoperative-junctional-ectopic-tachycardia-in-pediatric-patients-a-survey-of-30-centers-in-germany-austria-and-switzerland
#11
Andreas Entenmann, Miriam Michel, Ulrike Herberg, Nikolaus Haas, Matthias Kumpf, Matthias Gass, Friedemann Egender, Roman Gebauer
Postoperative junctional ectopic tachycardia (JET) is a frequent complication after pediatric cardiac surgery. Current recommendations on how and when to treat JET are inconsistent. We evaluated the management strategies of postoperative JET in German-speaking countries. We sent an online survey to 30 centers of pediatric cardiology that perform surgery for congenital heart defects in Germany (24), Austria (4), and Switzerland (2). The survey asked 18 questions about how and in what treatment sequence postoperative JET was managed...
July 21, 2017: European Journal of Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28730104/down-regulation-of-protein-kinase-c-alpha-ezrin-signals-in-light-induced-phagocytic-crisis-of-retinal-pigment-epithelium-cells
#12
Ya-Qiong Zhang, Yong-Gang Fan, Ya-Long Dang, Yan-Li Liu, Hua Liu, Li-Hua Li
AIM: To investigate the roles of PKC-α/ezrin signals in phagocytosis crisis of retinal pigment epithelium (RPE) cells in light damage model. METHODS: Light induced mice RPE injury model was established by continuously irradiating cool white light at different exposure time (0, 4, 8h light intensity: 4.18×10(-6) J/cm(2)). In vitro, human ARPE-19 cells treated with the doses and intensity (1.57×10(-6) J/cm(2)) of laser irradiation. Histology analysis was evaluated by hematoxylin and eosin (HE) staining...
2017: International Journal of Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28729961/understanding-dual-precipitation-strengthening-in-ultra-high-strength-low-carbon-steel-containing-nano-sized-copper-precipitates-and-carbides
#13
M P Phaniraj, Young-Min Shin, Woo-Sang Jung, Man-Ho Kim, In-Suk Choi
Low carbon ferritic steel alloyed with Ti, Mo and Cu was hot rolled and interrupt cooled to produce nano-sized precipitates of copper and (Ti,Mo)C carbides. The steel had a tensile strength of 840 MPa, an increase in yield strength of 380 MPa over that of the plain carbon steel and reasonable ductility. Transmission electron microscopy and small angle neutron scattering were used to characterize size and volume fraction of the precipitates in the steels designed to form only copper precipitates and only (Ti,Mo)C carbides...
2017: Nano Convergence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28729785/evaluation-of-dentinal-defects-during-root-canal-preparation-using-thermomechanically-processed-nickel-titanium-files
#14
Bertan Kesim, Burak Sagsen, Tugrul Aslan
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to compare the incidence of root cracks after root canal instrumentation with thermomechanically processed nickel-titanium (Ni-Ti) files with different instrumentation kinematics. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A total of 150 extracted mandibular premolars with mature apices and straight root canals were divided into five groups and used in this study. In Group 1, 30 teeth were prepared using hand K-files and assigned to control group, Group 2 was instrumented using K3XF Rotary files (SybronEndo, Glendora, CA, USA) with continuous rotary motion...
April 2017: European Journal of Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28729630/mechanically-durable-liquid-impregnated-honeycomb-surfaces
#15
Philip S Brown, Bharat Bhushan
Liquid repellent surfaces typically work by keeping the fouling liquid in a metastable state, with trapped pockets of air between the substrate and the liquid. An alternative method with greater long-term stability utilizes liquid-impregnated surfaces, where the liquid being repelled slides over an immiscible liquid immobilized on a porous surface. Here, we report a method for creating honeycomb surfaces amenable to liquid-impregnation. Polystyrene dissolved in a water-immiscible, volatile solvent was deposited in a humid environment on a variety of substrates to achieve the necessary porosity...
July 20, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28729537/control-of-crystallization-behaviour-of-supercooled-liquid-composed-of-lithium-disilicate-on-platinum-substrate
#16
Masanori Tashiro, Sohei Sukenaga, Hiroyuki Shibata
Crystalline lithium disilicate (Li2Si2O5, LS2) materials, which have excellent mechanical properties with high transparency, should be obtained efficiently through the crystallization of supercooled liquid composed of LS2. However, in addition to LS2, a lithium monosilicate (Li2SiO3, LS) phase is also precipitated during the crystallization of the liquid. The precipitation of the LS phase renders it difficult to obtain a single-phase LS2 material. Here, we show that by altering the oxygen partial pressure, it is possible to change the selectivity of the precipitated phase by controlling the interfacial phenomena that occur between the liquid and platinum contact material...
July 20, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28728971/a-multi-objective-optimization-approach-for-the-selection-of-working-fluids-of-geothermal-facilities-economic-environmental-and-social-aspects
#17
Juan Martínez-Gomez, Javier Peña-Lamas, Mariano Martín, José María Ponce-Ortega
The selection of the working fluid for Organic Rankine Cycles has traditionally been addressed from systematic heuristic methods, which perform a characterization and prior selection considering mainly one objective, thus avoiding a selection considering simultaneously the objectives related to sustainability and safety. The objective of this work is to propose a methodology for the optimal selection of the working fluid for Organic Rankine Cycles. The model is presented as a multi-objective approach, which simultaneously considers the economic, environmental and safety aspects...
July 17, 2017: Journal of Environmental Management
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28728675/increased-striatal-dopamine-synthesis-capacity-in-gambling-addiction
#18
Ruth J van Holst, Guillaume Sescousse, Lieneke K Janssen, Marcel Janssen, Anne S Berry, William J Jagust, Roshan Cools
BACKGROUND: The hypothesis that dopamine plays an important role in the pathophysiology of pathological gambling is pervasive. However, there is little to no direct evidence for a categorical difference between pathological gamblers and healthy control subjects in terms of dopamine transmission in a drug-free state. Here we provide evidence for this hypothesis by comparing dopamine synthesis capacity in the dorsal and ventral parts of the striatum in 13 pathological gamblers and 15 healthy control subjects...
June 16, 2017: Biological Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28728308/methane-uptake-in-global-forest-and-grassland-soils-from-1981-to-2010
#19
Lijun Yu, Yao Huang, Wen Zhang, Tingting Li, Wenjuan Sun
Methane (CH4) is one of the most potent greenhouse gases. Although forest and grassland soils generally consume atmospheric CH4, the quantities and spatiotemporal changes in CH4 uptake remain largely uncertain for these ecosystems at the global scale. In this study, we developed an empirical model to estimate the CH4 uptake in global forest and grassland soils during the period 1981-2010. We estimated that the mean values of CH4 uptake were 9.16 (± 3.84) Tg yr(-1) in forest soils and 3.73 (± 1.41) Tg yr(-1) in grassland soils during the study period...
July 16, 2017: Science of the Total Environment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28728001/modeling-the-effect-of-temperature-control-curtain-on-the-thermal-structure-in-a-deep-stratified-reservoir
#20
Wei He, Jijian Lian, Ye Yao, Mudan Wu, Chao Ma
Temperature-control curtain (TCC) is an effective facility of selective withdrawal. Previous research has estimated the influence of TCC on the outflow temperature, but its effect on the thermal structure of a reservoir area is unknown, which is crucial to the reservoir ecology. For this purpose, taking the Sanbanxi Reservoir as a case study, a 2-D hydrodynamic and temperature model covering the whole reservoir was built and calibrated to simulate the flow and temperature fields under different TCC scenarios, and the change rules of thermal stability and outflow temperature are obtained...
July 17, 2017: Journal of Environmental Management
keyword
keyword
28247
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"