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birth asphyxia

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29142568/echocardiographic-evaluation-of-cardiovascular-complications-after-birth-asphyxia-in-term-neonates
#1
Mohsen Shahidi, Ghodratollah Evazi, Abdorrahim Afkhamzadeh
Objectives: After birth asphyxia, a variety of hemodynamic disorders may be noted in the neonatal intensive care unit; these require appropriate recognition and management. The present study was designed to demonstrate the prevalence of heart complications amongst asphyxiated newborns. Methods: Through a cohort study, 29 asphyxiated term neonates were followed since birth until amelioration of pulmonary hypertension and compared with 31 well born neonates. Both groups were evaluated for their heart anatomy and hemodynamic with meticulous assessment through echocardiography...
September 2017: Pakistan Journal of Medical Sciences Quarterly
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29137607/improved-referral-and-survival-of-newborns-after-scaling-up-of-intensive-care-in-suriname
#2
Rens Zonneveld, Natanael Holband, Anna Bertolini, Francesca Bardi, Neirude P A Lissone, Peter H Dijk, Frans B Plötz, Amadu Juliana
BACKGROUND: Scaling up neonatal care facilities in developing countries can improve survival of newborns. Recently, the only tertiary neonatal care facility in Suriname transitioned to a modern environment in which interventions to improve intensive care were performed. This study evaluates impact of this transition on referral pattern and outcomes of newborns. METHODS: A retrospective chart study amongst newborns admitted to the facility was performed and outcomes of newborns between two 9-month periods before and after the transition in March 2015 were compared...
November 14, 2017: BMC Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29132457/-relationship-between-serum-25-oh-d-levels-at-birth-and-respiratory-distress-syndrome-in-preterm-infants
#3
Ren-Qiang Yu, Dao-Zhen Chen, Xiao-Qing Hao, Shi-Hong Jiang, Guang-Dong Fang, Qin Zhou
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the relationship between serum 25-hydroxyvitamin D [25(OH)D] levels at birth and respiratory distress syndrome (RDS) in preterm infants. METHODS: This retrospective study recruited preterm infants with gestational age of below 34 weeks who were born between January 2014 and December 2016. These preterm infants were divided into two groups: RDS (n=72) and control (n=40). Clinical data of the two groups were collected, including gestational age, birth weight, gender, delivery mode, Apgar scores at 1 minute and 5 minutes, incidence of maternal gestational diabetes mellitus, and use of prenatal steroid hormone...
November 2017: Zhongguo Dang Dai Er Ke za Zhi, Chinese Journal of Contemporary Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29121418/the-panorama-of-cerebral-palsy-in-sweden-part-xii-shows-that-patterns-changed-in-the-birth-years-2007-2010
#4
K Himmelmann, P Uvebrant
AIM: This was the 12th population-based study to explore the epidemiology of cerebral palsy (CP) in western Sweden. METHODS: From 2007-2010 there were 104,713 live births in the area. We analysed the birth characteristics, aetiology and neuroimaging findings, calculated the prevalence and compared the results with previous study cohorts. RESULTS: CP was found in 205 children, corresponding to a crude prevalence of 1.96 per 1,000 live births...
November 9, 2017: Acta Paediatrica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29119805/sociocultural-factors-affecting-uptake-of-home-based-neonatal-thermal-care-practices-in-africa-a-qualitative-review
#5
Wendy S Coalter, Sarah L Patterson
Neonatal hypothermia is a major contributor to neonatal mortality in sub-Saharan Africa, often as a comorbidity of severe infections, preterm births or asphyxia. Simple, cost-effective thermal care practices (TCPs) immediately at birth and in the post-natal period are recommended in the World Health Organization 'warm chain'. Current practices are suboptimal in the home in low-resource settings, where approximately half of neonatal deaths occur. Several databases (PubMed, OVID SP, Web of Science, The Cochrane Library and Google Scholar) were searched for original research on home-based TCPs...
June 2017: Journal of Child Health Care: for Professionals Working with Children in the Hospital and Community
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29092682/evaluation-of-dynamic-thiol-disulfide-homeostasis-in-very-low-birth-weighted-preterms
#6
Sezin Unal, Dilek Ulubas Isik, Ahmet Yagmur Bas, Sara Erol, İlter Arifoglu, Murat Alisik, Ozcan Erel, Nihal Demirel
BACKGROUND: Thiols are organic compounds containing sulfhydryl groups which exert antioxidant effects via dynamic thiol-disulfide homeostasis. The shift towards disulfides indicates the presence of oxidative environment. Thiol-disulfide homeostasis has not been evaluated in neonates. We aimed to evaluate dynamic thiol-disulfide homeostasis in preterm infants. METHODS: Preterm infants with birth weight less than 1500 grams (25-32 weeks of gestation) were included...
November 1, 2017: Journal of Maternal-fetal & Neonatal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29079904/neonatal-gastric-perforations-in-very-low-birth-weight-infants-a-single-center-experience-and-review-of-the-literature
#7
Aslan Babayigit, Seyithan Ozaydın, Merih Cetinkaya, Serdar Sander
PURPOSE: Gastric perforation is a rare condition with high mortality rates in preterm infants. The aim of this retrospective study was to define the risk factors and prognosis in very low birth weight (VLBW) infants with gastric perforations. METHODS: VLBW infants with a diagnosis of gastric perforation between 2012 and 2016 were included. The data including birth weight, gestational age, gender, risk factors, time and location of the perforation and prognosis were recorded...
October 27, 2017: Pediatric Surgery International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29058568/retention-and-use-of-newborn-resuscitation-skills-following-a-series-of-helping-babies-breathe-trainings-for-midwives-in-rural-ghana
#8
Darren Eblovi, Patricia Kelly, Georgina Afua, Sarah Agyapong, Siddhartha Dante, Matthew Pellerite
BACKGROUND: The Helping Babies Breathe (HBB) program teaches basic newborn resuscitation techniques to birth attendants in low-resource settings. Previous studies have demonstrated a decrease in mortality following training, mostly in large hospitals. However, low-volume clinics in rural regions with no physician immediately available likely experience a greater relative burden of newborn mortality. This study aimed to determine the impact of HBB trainings provided to rural Ghanaian midwives on their skills retention and on first 24 hour mortality of the newborns they serve...
2017: Global Health Action
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29057691/the-outcomes-and-risk-factors-of-fetal-bradycardia-associated-with-external-cephalic-version
#9
Fumio Suyama, Kohei Ogawa, Yukiko Tazaki, Terumi Miwa, Kosuke Taniguchi, Noriyuki Nakamura, Satomi Tanaka, Shinji Tanigaki, Haruhiko Sago
OBJECTIVE: To assess the outcomes and risk factors of fetal bradycardia after external cephalic version (ECV). METHODS: We performed a retrospective study of women who underwent ECV after 35 weeks of gestation in 2010-2016. We assessed the birth outcomes, including umbilical cord artery pH, according to the duration of fetal bradycardia and the risk factors for bradycardia. RESULTS: Among 390 cases, 189 (48.5%) cases showed fetal bradycardia during or immediately after ECV...
October 23, 2017: Journal of Maternal-fetal & Neonatal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29055477/pregnancy-in-multiple-sclerosis-a-portuguese-cohort-study
#10
Joana Jesus-Ribeiro, Inês Correia, Ana Inês Martins, Manuel Fonseca, Inês Marques, Sónia Batista, Carla Nunes, Carmo Macário, Maria Céu Almeida, Lívia Sousa
BACKGROUND: Pregnancy in Multiple Sclerosis (MS) has been a controversial issue, without international standardized treatment recommendations. The goal of our study was to evaluate the clinical course of MS during pregnancy and the respective therapeutic options, obstetrical outcomes and breastfeeding data. METHODS: This was a retrospective study including women with a diagnosis of relapsing-remitting MS at least one year before pregnancy. Three periods were evaluated: one year prior to pregnancy, pregnancy and one year postpartum...
October 2017: Multiple Sclerosis and related Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29043436/cervical-dilation-balloon-combined-with-intravenous-drip-of-oxytocin-for-induction-of-term-labor-a-multicenter-clinical-trial
#11
Xueqin Wu, Chunxiang Wang, Yufang Li, Chunmei Ouyang, Jiaying Liao, Weibin Cai, Yilei Zhong, Jianping Zhang, Hui Chen
OBJECTIVE: This study aimed to investigate the effectiveness and safety of a method combining double-balloon catheter for cervical ripening and intravenous drip of oxytocin on the induction of term labor, providing the reference for clinical safety. METHODS: A total of 120 pregnant women with a gestation between 37(+0) and  41(+6) weeks, indications of labor induction, singleton pregnancy with cephalic presentation were enrolled. The patients were divided into the research group receiving cervical dilation balloon combined with intravenous drip of oxytocin and the control group receiving an intravenous drip of oxytocin at a concentration of 0...
October 17, 2017: Archives of Gynecology and Obstetrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29030024/neurodevelopmental-outcomes-at-3-years-old-for-infants-with-birth-weights-under-500%C3%A2-g
#12
Syunsuke Nagara, Masanori Kouwaki, Takao Togawa, Tokio Sugiura, Mayumi Okada, Norihisa Koyama
BACKGROUND: Marked improvements have been achieved in the survival of extremely low birth weight infants, but survival rates and prognoses of extremely small infants with birth weights ≤500 g remain poor. The aim of this study was to clarify long-term outcomes for surviving infants with birth weights ≤500 g. METHODS: The study population comprised fetuses of gestational age ≥22 weeks, expected live- or stillbirth weight ≤500 g, and birth date between 2003 and 2012...
September 21, 2017: Pediatrics and Neonatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29016584/morbidities-and-outcome-of-a-neonatal-intensive-care-in-western-nepal
#13
Sudhir Adhikari, Kalipatanam Seshagiri Rao, Ganesh B K, Namraj Bahadur
BACKGROUND: Neonatal mortality rate of developing countries is declining over decades. In the recent years increasing number of preterm and high risk neonates have facilities for tertiary care treatment. The aim of the study was to assess the morbidities and outcome of neonatal intensive care admissions. METHODS: It was a retrospective observational study carried out in neonatal intensive care unit of the Manipal Teaching Hospital, Pokhara, Nepal from January 2014 to December 2015...
September 8, 2017: Journal of Nepal Health Research Council
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28984117/sudden-unexpected-postnatal-collapse-at-20-hours-from-birth-during-skin-to-skin-care-related-to-brainstem-developmental-alterations-a-case-report
#14
Anna M Lavezzi, Francesco Piscioli, Teresa Pusiol
This report describes a case of sudden collapse of a 20-hour-old newborn, while he was placed close to their mother according to skin-to-skin care, attributed to developmental alterations of brainstem nuclei involved in regulation of the vital functions. The infant, after a normal pregnancy, appeared well developed at birth, with no evidence of malformations or trauma, but showing severe asphyxia. The routine autopsy did not reveal a possible cause of death. Only the in-depth anatomopathological examination of the autonomic nervous system, according to the protocol developed by the "Lino Rossi" Research Center of Milan University, provided an explanation of the pathogenetic mechanism of this early death...
2017: Folia Neuropathologica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28977330/perinatal-features-of-children-with-autism-spectrum-disorder
#15
Gabriela Foresti Fezer, Marília Barbosa de Matos, Angélica Luciana Nau, Bianca Simone Zeigelboim, Jair Mendes Marques, Paulo Breno Noronha Liberalesso
OBJECTIVE: To analyze perinatal features of children with autism spectrum disorder (ASD). METHODS: Retrospective review of the medical records of 75 children with ASD, between January 2008 and January 2015. Inclusion criteria were diagnosis of ASD based on DSM-5 criteria, and the informed consent form signed by the person who is legally responsible. The exclusion criterion was missing on the medical record. The variables analyzed were maternal age, prematurity (gestational age under 37 weeks), low birth weight (<2,500 g), and perinatal asphyxia (5th minute Apgar score <7)...
April 2017: Revista Paulista de Pediatria: Orgão Oficial da Sociedade de Pediatria de São Paulo
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28969690/the-quality-of-medical-death-certification-of-cause-of-death-in-hospitals-in-rural-bangladesh-impact-of-introducing-the-international-form-of-medical-certificate-of-cause-of-death
#16
Riley H Hazard, Hafizur Rahman Chowdhury, Tim Adair, Adnan Ansar, A M Quaiyum Rahman, Saidul Alam, Nurul Alam, Rasika Rampatige, Peter Kim Streatfield, Ian Douglas Riley, Alan D Lopez
BACKGROUND: Accurate and timely data on cause of death are critically important for guiding health programs and policies. Deaths certified by doctors are implicitly considered to be reliable and accurate, yet the quality of information provided in the international Medical Certificate of Cause of Death (MCCD) usually varies according to the personnel involved in certification, the diagnostic capacity of the hospital, and the category of hospitals. There are no published studies that have analysed how certifying doctors in Bangladesh adhere to international rules when completing the MCCD or have assessed the quality of clinical record keeping...
October 2, 2017: BMC Health Services Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28963174/large-scale-evaluation-of-quality-of-care-in-6-countries-of-eastern-europe-and-central-asia-using-clinical-performance-and-value-vignettes
#17
John W Peabody, Lisa DeMaria, Owen Smith, Angela Hoth, Edmond Dragoti, Jeff Luck
BACKGROUND: A significant determinant of population health outcomes is the quality of care provided for noncommunicable diseases, obstetric, and pediatric care. We present results on clinical practice quality in these areas as measured among nearly 4,000 providers working at more than 1,000 facilities in 6 Eastern European and Central Asian countries. METHODS: This study was conducted between March 2011 and April 2013 in Albania, Armenia, Georgia, Kazakhstan, Kirov Province in Russia, and Tajikistan...
September 27, 2017: Global Health, Science and Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28955669/comparison-between-serum-magnesium-levels-of-asphyxiated-neonates-and-normal-cases
#18
Nasrin Khalessi, Ali Mazouri, Mandana Bassirnia, Ladan Afsharkhas
Background: Asphyxia is one the most important causes of neonatal mortality and morbidity. It is suggested that magnesium may have a protective role against cellular damage during hypoxic brain insult, or change effect post-asphyxia consequences. Our study was performed for comparison of serum magnesium in neonates with and without asphyxia. Methods: This study was done in Neonatal Ward of Ali-Asghar hospital, from January 2010 to 2011 in Tehran, Iran. Serum magnesium levels of seventy-six cases with a diagnosis of asphyxia grade 2 were compared with 76 normal newborns...
2017: Medical Journal of the Islamic Republic of Iran
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28953855/from-apparent-death-to-birth-asphyxia-a-history-of-blame
#19
REVIEW
Michael Obladen
Since the 16th century, competition between midwives and surgeons has created a culture of blame around the difficult delivery. In the late 17th century, 100 years before oxygen was discovered, researchers associated "apparent death of the newborn" with impaired respiratory function of the placenta. The diagnosis "birth asphyxia" replaced the term "apparent death of the newborn" during the mass phobia of being buried alive in the 18th century. This shifted the interpretation from unavoidable fate to a preventable condition...
September 27, 2017: Pediatric Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28952975/infant-resuscitation-practices-of-midwives-in-a-developing-country
#20
Wadah Khriesat, Manal Kassab, Shereen Hamadneh, Khitam Mohammad, Jehan Hamadneh, Yousef S Khader
BACKGROUND: Effective basic newborn resuscitation is an important strategy to reduce the incidence of birth asphyxia and associated newborn outcomes. Outcomes for newborns can be markedly improved if health providers have appropriate newborn resuscitation skills. PURPOSE: To evaluate the skills of midwives in newborn resuscitation in delivery rooms in Jordan. METHODS: Data were collected from observation of 118 midwives from National Health Service hospitals in the north of Jordan who performed basic newborn resuscitation for full-term neonates...
August 4, 2017: Advances in Neonatal Care: Official Journal of the National Association of Neonatal Nurses
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