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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29778707/synthesis-spectroscopic-single-crystal-diffraction-and-potential-nonlinear-optical-properties-of-novel-pyrazoline-derivatives-interplay-of-experimental-and-computational-analyses
#1
Muhammad Nadeem Arshad, Abdulhadi Salih Birinji, Muhammad Khalid, Abdullah M Asiri, Khalid A Al-Amry, Faisal M S Aqlan, Ataualpa A C Braga
Pyrazoline are widely being studied due to their potential applications in chemical field. Herein, five pyrazolines compounds were synthesized and characterized spectroscopically using nuclear magnetic resonance techniques (1 H NMR &13 C NMR) to determine the structures of molecules along-with UV-Visible and infrared (FT-IR) studies for additional spectroscopic support in characterization of entitle synthesized molecules. Unit cells, specific space groups, bond lengths, bond angles and hydrogen bonding interactions were determined by the x-ray diffraction studies...
May 16, 2018: Spectrochimica Acta. Part A, Molecular and Biomolecular Spectroscopy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29777271/characteristics-and-outcomes-of-obstetric-brachial-plexus-palsy-in-a-single-saudi-centre-king-faisal-specialists-hospital-and-research-centre-an-experience-of-ten-years
#2
Omar A Al-Mohrej, Nehal A Mahabbat, Asad F Khesheaim, Nezar B Hamdi
BACKGROUND: Obstetric brachial plexus palsy (OBPP) is considered a rare, unpredictable, and unavoidable injury of the upper limb. In this study, we presented a retrospective cohort study over a period of ten years in King Faisal Specialists Hospital and Research Centre (KFSH&RC), Riyadh, Saudi Arabia, to assess the characteristics and functional outcomes of OBPP. METHODS: Between January 2005 and December 2015, we carried out 125 repairs of OBPP in KFSH&RC...
May 18, 2018: International Orthopaedics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29773579/use-rate-and-outcome-in-bilateral-internal-thoracic-artery-grafting-insights-from-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#3
REVIEW
Mario Gaudino, Faisal Bakaeen, Umberto Benedetto, Mohamed Rahouma, Antonino Di Franco, Derrick Y Tam, Mario Iannaccone, Thomas A Schwann, Robert Habib, Marc Ruel, John D Puskas, Joseph Sabik, Leonard N Girardi, David P Taggart, Stephen E Fremes
BACKGROUND: This meta-analysis was designed to assess whether center experience affects the short- and long-term results and the relative benefits of bilateral internal thoracic artery grafting (BITA) for coronary artery bypass grafting. METHODS AND RESULTS: MEDLINE and EMBASE were searched to identify all articles reporting the outcome of BITA in patients undergoing coronary artery bypass grafting. The BITA center experience was gauged according to the percentage use of BITA in the institutional overall coronary artery bypass grafting population (%BITA)...
May 17, 2018: Journal of the American Heart Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29773079/effects-of-linagliptin-on-endothelial-function-and-postprandial-lipids-in-coronary-artery-disease-patients-with-early-diabetes-a-randomized-placebo-controlled-double-blind-trial
#4
Norbert J Tripolt, Felix Aberer, Regina Riedl, Jasmin Url, Gudrun Dimsity, Andreas Meinitzer, Tatjana Stojakovic, Faisal Aziz, Ronald Hödl, Gabriele Brachtl, Dirk Strunk, Marianne Brodmann, Franz Hafner, Harald Sourij
BACKGROUND: Early glucose lowering intervention in subjects with type 2 diabetes mellitus was demonstrated to be beneficial in terms of micro- and macrovascular risk reduction. However, most of currently ongoing cardiovascular outcome trials are performed in subjects with manifest atherosclerosis and long-standing diabetes. Therefore, the aim of this study is to investigate the effects of the dipeptidylpeptidase-4 inhibitor linagliptin in subjects with coronary artery disease (CAD) but early type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) on a set of cardiovascular surrogate measurements...
May 17, 2018: Cardiovascular Diabetology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29771356/versatility-of-dorsal-metacarpal-artery-flaps-for-hand-burns
#5
Jennel M Carreras, Catherine McGee, Faisal Al-Mufarrej
Burns to the hands can be devastating injuries and early debridement and coverage can prevent these chronic problems. Reconstructive options for these defects include skin grafts, local, regional and distant flaps as well as free flaps. In this series we set out to demonstrate the versatility, durability and effectiveness of dorsal metacarpal artery flaps for primary soft tissue coverage This study involves a review of all consecutive patients who underwent acute soft tissue coverage using dorsal metacarpal artery flaps at our institution from December 2014 to December 2017...
May 16, 2018: Journal of Burn Care & Research: Official Publication of the American Burn Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29759512/drug-eluting-stents-versus-bare-metal-stents-in-saphenous-vein-grafts-a-double-blind-randomised-trial
#6
Emmanouil S Brilakis, Robert Edson, Deepak L Bhatt, Steven Goldman, David R Holmes, Sunil V Rao, Kendrick Shunk, Bavana V Rangan, Kreton Mavromatis, Kodangudi Ramanathan, Anthony A Bavry, Santiago Garcia, Faisal Latif, Ehrin Armstrong, Hani Jneid, Todd A Conner, Todd Wagner, Judit Karacsonyi, Lauren Uyeda, Beverly Ventura, Aaron Alsleben, Ying Lu, Mei-Chiung Shih, Subhash Banerjee
BACKGROUND: Few studies have examined the efficacy of drug-eluting stents (DES) for reducing aortocoronary saphenous vein bypass graft (SVG) failure compared with bare-metal stents (BMS) in patients undergoing stenting of de-novo SVG lesions. We assessed the risks and benefits of the use of DES versus BMS in de-novo SVG lesions. METHODS: Patients were recruited to our double-blind, randomised controlled trial from 25 US Department of Veterans Affairs centres. Eligible participants were aged at least 18 years and had at least one significant de-novo SVG lesion (50-99% stenosis of a 2·25-4·5 mm diameter SVG) requiring percutaneous coronary intervention with intent to use embolic protection devices...
May 11, 2018: Lancet
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29755796/transorbital-craniocerebral-penetration-by-a-sharp-object-with-an-intact-globe
#7
Abdullelah A Alamri, Ahmed R Algethami, Faisal Alghamdi
Traumatic eye injuries are common in children and are mostly superficial. Vigilance must always be practiced when examining these children to avoid missing any hidden serious injuries that may result in devastating complications. We describe the acute and definitive management of a child treated 17 h after transorbital craniocerebral penetration by a sharp object. Despite the rarity of these types of injury, a good outcome can be achieved if they are promptly recognized and managed.
2018: Case Reports in Emergency Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29755531/adjunctive-platelet-rich-plasma-prp-in-infrabony-regenerative-treatment-a-systematic-review-and-rct-s-meta-analysis
#8
REVIEW
Mubashir Saleem, Flavio Pisani, Faisal Maqbool Zahid, Ioannis Georgakopoulos, Teuta Pustina-Krasniqi, Edit Xhajanka, Maher Almasri
Background and Objective: The purpose of this study was to highlight the clinical performance of platelet-rich plasma (PRP) used as an adjunctive tool for regeneration in infrabony periodontal defects using different biomaterials or performing different surgical flap approaches. Comparative evaluation of main clinical outcomes as probing pocket depth reduction, clinical attachment gain, and recession reduction with and without the use of PRP has been analysed. Materials and Methods: According to the focused question, an electronic and hand searching has been performed up to December 2016...
2018: Stem Cells International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29753413/development-of-a-step-down-method-for-altering-male-c57bl-6-mouse-housing-density-and-hierarchical-structure-preparations-for-spaceflight-studies
#9
David C Scofield, Jeffrey D Rytlewski, Paul Childress, Kishan Shah, Aamir Tucker, Faisal Khan, Jessica Peveler, Ding Li, Todd O McKinley, Tien-Min G Chu, Debra L Hickman, Melissa A Kacena
This study was initiated as a component of a larger undertaking designed to study bone healing in microgravity aboard the International Space Station (ISS). Spaceflight experimentation introduces multiple challenges not seen in ground studies, especially with regard to physical space, limited resources, and inability to easily reproduce results. Together, these can lead to diminished statistical power and increased risk of failure. It is because of the limited space, and need for improved statistical power by increasing sample size over historical numbers, NASA studies involving mice require housing mice at densities higher than recommended in the Guide for the Care and Use of Laboratory Animals (National Research Council, 2011)...
May 2018: Life Sciences in Space Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29750147/beryllium-stress-induced-modifications-in-antioxidant-machinery-and-plant-ultrastructure-in-the-seedlings-of-black-and-yellow-seeded-oilseed-rape
#10
Skhawat Ali, Rong Jin, Rafaqat A Gill, Theodore M Mwamba, Na Zhang, Zaid Ul Hassan, Faisal Islam, Shafaqat Ali, Weijun Zhou
Beryllium (Be) could be a threatening heavy metal pollutant in the agroecosystem that may severely affect the performance of crops. The present study was conducted to evaluate the toxic effects of Be (0, 100, 200, and 400  μ M) on physiological, ultrastructure, and biochemical attributes in hydroponically grown six-day-old seedlings of two cultivars of Brassica napus L., one tolerant (ZS 758, black seeded) and one sensitive (Zheda 622, yellow seeded). Higher Be concentrations reduced the plant growth, biomass production, chlorophyll contents, and the total soluble protein contents...
2018: BioMed Research International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29750050/does-the-internet-promote-the-unregulated-use-of-fecal-microbiota-transplantation-a-potential-public-health-issue
#11
Jonathan Philip Segal, Faisal Abbasi, Cynthia Kanagasundaram, Ailsa Hart
Introduction: The Internet has become an increasingly popular resource for medical information. Fecal microbiota transplantation (FMT) has changed the treatment of Clostridium difficile with cure rates of 81% following one infusion of FMT, further studies have since validated these findings. The Medicines and Health care Products Regulatory Agency has classified FMT as a medicine and hence should be only utilized in strict clinical settings. Methods: We searched Facebook, Twitter, Google, and YouTube using the words "Faecal Microbiota Transplantation" and "FMT"...
2018: Clinical and Experimental Gastroenterology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29749094/magnetic-resonance-spectroscopy-of-fiber-tracts-in-children-with-traumatic-brain-injury-a-combined-mrs-diffusion-mri-study
#12
Emily L Dennis, Talin Babikian, Jeffry Alger, Faisal Rashid, Julio E Villalon-Reina, Yan Jin, Alexander Olsen, Richard Mink, Christopher Babbitt, Jeffrey Johnson, Christopher C Giza, Paul M Thompson, Robert F Asarnow
Traumatic brain injury can cause extensive damage to the white matter (WM) of the brain. These disruptions can be especially damaging in children, whose brains are still maturing. Diffusion magnetic resonance imaging (dMRI) is the most commonly used method to assess WM organization, but it has limited resolution to differentiate causes of WM disruption. Magnetic resonance spectroscopy (MRS) yields spectra showing the levels of neurometabolites that can indicate neuronal/axonal health, inflammation, membrane proliferation/turnover, and other cellular processes that are on-going post-injury...
May 10, 2018: Human Brain Mapping
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29749038/vascular-differentiation-from-pluripotent-stem-cells-in-3-d-auxetic-scaffolds
#13
Liqing Song, Mohammad Faisal Ahmed, Yan Li, Changchun Zeng, Yan Li
Auxetic scaffolds, i.e. scaffolds that can display negative Poisson's ratio, have unique physical properties and can expand transversally when axially strained or contract under compression. Auxetic materials have been used for bioprostheses and artery stents due to the enhanced compressive strength and shear stiffness. In vascular tissue engineering, auxetic scaffolds allow the widening of blood vessels when blood flows through (creating compressive stress) to prevent the blockage. However, the influence of auxetic materials on the cellular fate decision in local environment is unclear...
May 10, 2018: Journal of Tissue Engineering and Regenerative Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29747688/immune-checkpoint-inhibitor-induced-diarrhea-and-colitis-in-patients-with-advanced-malignancies-retrospective-review-at-md-anderson
#14
Yinghong Wang, Hamzah Abu-Sbeih, Emily Mao, Noman Ali, Faisal Shaukat Ali, Wei Qiao, Phillip Lum, Gottumukkala Raju, Gladis Shuttlesworth, John Stroehlein, Adi Diab
BACKGROUND: Immune checkpoint inhibitors (ICPIs) are gaining increasing popularity as an efficacious treatment for advanced malignancies. ICPI treatment can be complicated by diarrhea and colitis. Systemic steroids are the first line treatment. Infliximab is reserved for severe refractory cases. We aimed to assess the impact of ICPI-induced diarrhea and colitis and their immunosuppressive treatment on patients' outcomes. METHODS: This retrospective analysis was conducted in 327 cancer patients who received ICPIs between 2011 and 2017...
May 11, 2018: Journal for Immunotherapy of Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29745979/trends-etiologies-and-predictors-of-90-day-readmission-after-percutaneous-ventricular-assist-device-implantation-a-national-population-based-cohort-study
#15
Hafeez Ul Hassan Virk, Byomesh Tripathi, Shuchita Gupta, Akanksha Agrawal, Sandeep Dayanand, Faisal Inayat, Chayakrit Krittanawong, Ali Raza Ghani, Mohammad Nour Zabad, Parasuram Melarcode Krishnamoorthy, Aman Amanullah, Gregg Pressman, Christian Witzke, Sean Janzer, Jon George, Sanjog Kalra, Vincent Figueredo
Percutaneous ventricular assist devices (pVADs) are indicated to provide hemodynamic support in high-risk percutaneous interventions and cardiogenic shock. However, there is a paucity of published data regarding the etiologies and predictors of 90-day readmissions following pVAD use. We studied the data from the US Nationwide Readmissions Database (NRD) for the years 2013 and 2014. Patients with a primary discharge diagnosis of pVAD use were collected by searching the database for International Classification of Diseases, Ninth Revision, Clinical Modification (ICD-9-CM) procedural code 37...
May 10, 2018: Clinical Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29744326/right-sided-pseudotumor-sternocleidomastoid-with-left-clavicle-fracture
#16
Shilpa Prabhu, Amal Faisal Al Abdulla, Magdy Ramadan Abdulmaaboud
Here, we present a rare case of unilateral fibromatosis colli of the sternocleidomastoid in an infant with contralateral clavicle fracture after assisted vaginal delivery. We also try to reason that because of right sternocleidomastoid tension, the fracture in the right clavicle was avoided, and because of left-sided clavicle fracture, left sternocleidomastoid muscle did not form pseudotumor as there was release of tension in these muscle fibers after fracture.
April 2018: International Journal of Applied and Basic Medical Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29744019/incidental-finding-of-a-cardiac-mass-on-abdominal-ct-scan
#17
Javaria Ahmad, Bader S Alshammari, Faisal Nabi
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
October 2017: Methodist DeBakey Cardiovascular Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29744003/late-left-ventricular-pseudoaneurysm-after-acute-myocardial-infarction
#18
Bader S Alshammari, Michael J Reardon, Faisal Nabi
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
July 2017: Methodist DeBakey Cardiovascular Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29743993/complex-structural-interventions-the-role-of-computed-tomography-fluoroscopy-and-fusion-imaging
#19
REVIEW
Mohammad A Hussain, Faisal Nabi
Noninvasive cardiac imaging has played a critical part in the evaluation, monitoring, and follow-up of structural heart disease. This review will highlight the role of cardiac computed tomography, fluoroscopy, and fusion imaging in guiding transcatheter aortic valve replacement and other percutaneous strategies used to diagnose and treat complex structural heart complications.
July 2017: Methodist DeBakey Cardiovascular Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29742470/real-life-efficacy-of-ledipasvir-sofosbuvir-in-hepatitis-c-genotype-4-infected-patients-with-advanced-liver-fibrosis-and-decompensated-cirrhosis-%C3%A2-%C3%A2-%C3%A2
#20
Faisal M Sanai, Ibrahim H Altraif, Khalid Alswat, Adnan AlZanbagi, Mohamed A Babatin, Abdallah AlMousa, Nawaf H Almutairi, Mohammed S Aljawad, Abdullah S Alghamdi, Abdulrahman A Aljumah, Abduljaleel M Alalwan, Waleed K Al-Hamoudi, Abdullah M Assiri, Yaser Dahlan, Ashwaq Alsahafi, Hammad S Alothmani, Mohammed S AlSaleemi, Waleed A Mousa, Ali Albenmousa, Abdelrahman Awny, Haziz Albiladi, Ayman A Abdo, Hamdan AlGhamdi
Limited clinical trial data has shown high efficacy of co-formulated ledipasvir/sofosbuvir (LDV/SOF) in the treatment of hepatitis C virus (HCV) genotype (GT)-4 infected cirrhotic patients. We assessed real-world safety and efficacy of LDV/SOF with or without ribavirin (RBV) in GT4-infected patients with compensated and decompensated cirrhosis. PATIENTS & METHODS: This observational cohort (n=213) included GT4 treatment-naïve (59.6%) and -experienced (40.4%) patients with advanced fibrosis (F3, Metavir; n=30), compensated (F4, n=135) and decompensated cirrhosis (n=48) treated for 12 (n=202) or 24 weeks (n=11) with LDV/SOF...
May 6, 2018: Journal of Infection
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