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clinical thyroid function test

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27909769/evaluation-of-131-i-scintigraphy-and-stimulated-thyroglobulin-levels-in-the-follow-up-of-patients-with-dtc-a-retrospective-analysis-of-1420-patients
#1
Jose Manuel Gonzalez Carvalho, Dennis Görlich, Otmar Schober, Christian Wenning, Burkhard Riemann, Frederik Anton Verburg, Alexis Vrachimis
AIM: To study the clinical yield of diagnostic whole body (131)I scintigraphy (DxWBS) in the follow-up of differentiated thyroid carcinoma (DTC) patients in relation to stimulated thyroglobulin (sTg) in the initial post-ablation setting, as well as in the setting of repeated monitoring in course of further DTC follow-up. METHODS: Data of 1420 thyroidectomized and radioiodine remnant-ablated DTC patients following a well-defined therapy and standardized follow-up protocol were evaluated...
December 1, 2016: European Journal of Nuclear Medicine and Molecular Imaging
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27905199/high-prevalence-of-anti-tsh-receptor-antibody-in-fibromyalgia-syndrome
#2
Kenya Nishioka, Toyoyoshi Uchida, Chie Usui, Ryota Tanaka, Takashi Matsushima, Yoshifuji Matsumoto, Ikuro Nakamura, Kusuki Nishioka, Nobutaka Hattori
AIM: Fibromyalgia syndrome (FMS) is defined as chronic widespread pain that cannot be accounted for by any other medical disorder. Our aim was to explore the prevalence of thyroid autoimmunity in patients with FMS. METHODS: For determining thyroid function in 207 FMS patients, we tested for the titers of free tri-iodothyronine, free thyroxine, thyroid-stimulating hormone (TSH), anti-thyroid peroxidase antibody (TPOAb), anti-thyroglobulin antibody (TgAb) and anti-TSH receptor antibody (TRAb)...
November 30, 2016: International Journal of Rheumatic Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27896639/seom-clinical-guideline-for-bone-metastases-from-solid-tumours-2016
#3
C Grávalos, C Rodríguez, A Sabino, M Á Seguí, J A Virizuela, A Carmona, J Cassinello, D Isla, C Jara, M Martín
Bone metastases are common in many advanced solid tumours, being breast, prostate, thyroid, lung, and renal cancer the most prevalent. Bone metastases can produce skeletal-related events (SREs), defined as pathological fracture, spinal cord compression, need of bone irradiation or need of bone surgery, and hypercalcaemia. Patients with bone metastases experience pain, functional impairment and have a negative impact on their quality of life. Several imaging techniques are available for diagnosis of this disease...
November 28, 2016: Clinical & Translational Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27892439/lichen-planus-pigmentosus-a-study-for-association-of-thyroid-dysfunction
#4
D Karn, S Kc, M Timalsina
Background Lichen planus pigmentosus (LPP) is considered a chronic and progressive variant of lichen planus. Although pigmentation occurs in the sun exposed areas, the etiology remains unknown and there are no appropriate treatment guidelines. Association with thyroid disorder has been described in various disorders of pigmentation. Objective The objective of this study was to find the association between LPP and thyroid dysfunction. Method A total of 54 clinically diagnosed cases of LPP and 54 age and sex matched healthy control volunteers were included in this case control study...
January 2016: Kathmandu University Medical Journal (KUMJ)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27834068/first-report-of-familial-dysalbuminemic-hyperthyroxinemia-with-an-alb-variant
#5
Yoon Young Cho, Ju Sun Song, Hyung Doo Park, Young Nam Kim, Hye In Kim, Tae Hyuk Kim, Jae Hoon Chung, Chang Seok Ki, Sun Wook Kim
Familial dysalbuminemic hyperthyroxinemia (FDH) is an inherited disease characterized by increased circulating total thyroxine (T4) levels and normal physiological thyroid function. Heterozygous albumin gene (ALB) variants have been reported to be the underlying cause of FDH. To our knowledge, there have been no confirmed FDH cases in Korea. We recently observed a female patient with mild T4 elevation (1.2 to 1.4-fold) and variable levels of free T4 according to different assay methods. Upon Sanger sequencing of her ALB, a heterozygous c...
January 2017: Annals of Laboratory Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27826994/diagnostic-efficacy-of-single-pass-abdominal-multidetector-row-ct-prospective-evaluation-of-a-low-dose-protocol
#6
Luigi Camera, Immacolata Liccardo, Federica Romano, Raffaele Liuzzi, Antonio Rispo, Massimo Imbriaco, Anna Testa, Gaetano Luglio, Simona De Fronzo, Fabiana Castiglione, Luigi Bucci, Arturo Brunetti
OBJECTIVES: To evaluate the diagnostic efficacy of single-pass contrast-enhanced multi-detector CT (CE-MDCT) performed with a low radiation-high contrast (LR-HC) dose protocol in selected patients with non traumatic acute bowel disease. METHODS: Sixty-five (32 M; 33 F; aged 20-67 years) consecutive patients with non traumatic acute bowel disease underwent single-pass CE-MDCT performed 70-100 sec after i.v. bolus injection of a non ionic iodinated contrast media (370 mgI/ml)...
November 9, 2016: British Journal of Radiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27819669/a-cdk2-activity-signature-predicts-outcome-in-cdk2-low-cancers
#7
S R McCurdy, M Pacal, M Ahmad, R Bremner
The role of cyclin-dependent kinase 2 (CDK2) in cancer is controversial. A major hurdle is the availability of tools to easily assess its activity across many samples. Here, we introduce a transcriptional signature to specifically track CDK2 activity. It responds to genetic and chemical perturbations in the CDK-RB-E2F axis, correlates with mitotic rate in vitro and in vivo and reacts rapidly to changes in CDK2 activity during cell cycle progression. We find that CDK2 activity is specifically elevated in human testes, mirroring its critical function in mice, and report very distinct profiles across human cancers...
November 7, 2016: Oncogene
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27806781/-clinical-and-anatomic-study-of-preserving-parathyroid-specific-adipose-attachments-in-total-thyroidectomy
#8
F L Wang, G Miao, J M Wei, D H Xie, J Chen, W D Dai, Y Peng, M X Wu, L Chen, S R He, D G Liu, Y Wang, L X Guo
Objective: To discuss the anatomical characteristic and important role of specific adipose attachments in preserving parathyroid function in total thyroidectomy. Methods: Parathyroid glands of 91 cases underwent total thyroidectomy in Department of General Surgery, Beijing Hospital from January to November 2015 were observed prospectively. There were 19 male and 72 female patients, aging from 25 to 74 years with an average age of (52±12) years. Preoperative ultrasound examination, analysis of intraoperative high definition images, and postoperative pathological examination were used to detect the origins of the parathyroid micro vascular structures and the characteristics of parathyroid specific adipose attachments...
November 1, 2016: Zhonghua Wai Ke za Zhi [Chinese Journal of Surgery]
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27792263/the-prevalence-of-impaired-glucose-regulation-in-anxiety-disorder-patients-and-the-relationship-with-hypothalamic-pituitary-adrenal-axis-and-hypothalamic-pituitary-thyroid-axis-activity
#9
Yaling Zhou, Zaiquan Dong, Ruhan A, Zongbing Liao, Jing Guo, Cancan Liu, Xueli Sun
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the prevalence of impaired glucose regulation (IGR) in patients with anxiety disorders and the relationship with hypothalamic-pituitary-adrenal (HPA) and hypothalamic-pituitary-thyroid (HPT) axes function. METHODS: From September 2013 to May 2015, a total of 646 patients with anxiety disorders who matched the criteria of the 10(th) revision of the International Statistical Classification of Diseases and Related Health Problems participated in our study, which was conducted in the Psychiatric Inpatient Department of the West China Hospital of Sichuan University...
August 29, 2016: Journal of Evidence-based Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27784851/postpartum-hypothalamic-adrenal-insufficiency-with-remission-a-rare-case
#10
Yuko Akehi, Yoko Hashimoto, Junko Meren, Makito Tanabe, Takashi Nomiyama, Toshihiko Yanase
A 37-year-old female patient was hospitalized because of general fatigue and loss of axillary and pubic hair after massive bleeding at delivery of her third child. The basal levels of both plasma adrenocorticotropin hormone (ACTH) and serum cortisol were very low, 5.2 pg/mL and 1.9 μg/dL, respectively. Based on the fact that ACTH showed a low response to insulin tolerance test and a normal response to corticotropin-releasing hormone (CRH), she was diagnosed with hypothalamic adrenal insufficiency. No organic lesions were found in the hypothalamic-pituitary region by pituitary MRI and hydrocortisone therapy was instituted...
October 25, 2016: Endocrine Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27782716/a-derivative-free-multistart-framework-for-an-automated-noncoplanar-beam-angle-optimization-in-imrt
#11
Humberto Rocha, Joana Dias, Tiago Ventura, Brígida Ferreira, Maria do Carmo Lopes
PURPOSE: The inverse planning of an intensity-modulated radiation therapy (IMRT) treatment requires decisions regarding the angles used for radiation incidence, even when arcs are used. The possibility of improving the quality of treatment plans by an optimized selection of the beam angle incidences-beam angle optimization (BAO)-is seldom done in clinical practice. The inclusion of noncoplanar beam incidences in an automated optimization routine is even more unusual. However, for some tumor sites, the advantage of considering noncoplanar beam incidences is well known...
October 2016: Medical Physics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27749526/no-associations-exist-between-mean-platelet-volume-or-platelet-distribution-width-and-thyroid-function-in-chinese
#12
Xiaojun Ren, Zhaowei Meng, Ming Liu, Mei Zhu, Qing He, Qing Zhang, Li Liu, Kun Song, Qiyu Jia, Qiang Jia, Xue Li, Jian Tan, Wei Zheng, Renfei Wang, Na Liu, Tianpeng Hu
Mean platelet volume (MPV) and platelet distribution width (PDW) are morphometric indices of size distribution and variability of platelet. We aimed to explore the associations between MPV or PDW and thyroid function in a large Chinese cohort.This was a cross-sectional study with a recruitment of 13,622 self-reported healthy Chinese (8424 males, 5198 females). Clinical data of the participants comprised of anthropometric measurements, hepatic function, renal function, serum levels of lipid, glucose, C-reactive protein, erythrocyte sedimentation rate, platelet, MPV, PDW, and thyroid hormones...
October 2016: Medicine (Baltimore)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27740884/thyroid-and-islet-autoantibodies-predict-autoimmune-thyroid-disease-already-at-type-1-diabetes-diagnosis
#13
Berglind Jonsdottir, Christer Larsson, Annelie Carlsson, Gun Forsander, Sten Anders Ivarsson, Åke Lernmark, Johnny Ludvigsson, Claude Marcus, Ulf Samuelsson, Eva Örtqvist, Helena Elding Larsson
CONTEXT: Screening of autoimmune thyroid disease in children and young adults with Type 1 diabetes is important but vary greatly between clinics. OBJECTIVE: The aim was to determine the predictive value of thyroid autoantibodies, thyroid function, islet autoantibodies, and HLA- DQ at diagnosis of Type 1 diabetes for autoimmune thyroid disease during subsequent follow-up. SETTING: 43 Paediatric Endocrinology units Sweden. Design, patients and main outcome measures: At diagnosis of Type 1 diabetes, samples from 2433 children were analysed for autoantibodies against thyroid peroxidase (TPOAb), thyroglobulin (TGAb), glutamic acid decarboxylase (GADA), insulin (IAA), insulinoma-associated protein-2 (IA-2A), and the three variants of the zinc transporter 8 (ZnT8W/R/QA) as well as HLA-DQA1-B1 genotypes and thyroid function...
October 14, 2016: Journal of Clinical Endocrinology and Metabolism
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27706674/immunological-impression-cytology-of-the-conjunctival-epithelium-in-patients-with-thyroid-orbitopathy-related-dry-eye
#14
S L Hsu, P Y Lee, C H Chang, C H Chen
Thyroid orbitopathy (TO) is an autoimmune disease that is complicated by ocular surface disorders, leading to discomfort. Dry eye is very prevalent in patients with TO. Recent studies on the pathogenesis of dry eye have focused on the inflammatory process, and some supporting evidence has been discovered. Because TO is a disorder of autoimmune origin, we assumed that the association between TO and dry eye is related to inflammation. Inflammation of the ocular surface in TO-related dry eye has not been well studied...
August 30, 2016: Genetics and Molecular Research: GMR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27704398/the-ret-e616q-variant-is-a-gain-of-function-mutation-present-in-a-family-with-features-of-multiple-endocrine-neoplasia-2a
#15
William Grey, Rosaline Hulse, Anna Yakovleva, Dilyana Genkova, Benjamin Whitelaw, Ellen Solomon, Salvador J Diaz-Cano, Louise Izatt
The REarranged during Transfection (RET) proto-oncogene is a receptor tyrosine kinase involved in growth and differentiation during embryogenesis and maintenance of the urogenital and nervous systems in mammals. Distinct mutations across hotspot RET exons can cause Multiple Endocrine Neoplasia Type 2A (MEN2A) characterised by development of medullary thyroid cancer (MTC), phaeochromocytoma (PCC) and primary hyperparathyroidism (PHPT), with a strong correlation between genotype and phenotype. Here, we report a 42-year-old man presented in the clinic with a unilateral PCC, with subsequent investigations revealing a nodular and cystic thyroid gland...
October 5, 2016: Endocrine Pathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27667657/lichen-myxedematosus-diagnostic-criteria-classification-and-severity-grading
#16
Ahmad Nofal, Hala Amer, Rania Alakad, Eman Nofal, Fatma El Desouky, Ayman Yosef, Waleed Albalat, Khaled Gharib, Inass Mostafa, Sahar Fathy, Monira Waked, Eman Ragheb, Hanan Gammaz
BACKGROUND: Lichen myxedematosus (LM) is a rare, chronic idiopathic disorder characterized clinically by waxy, closely set papules, and histopathologically by diffuse dermal mucin deposition and fibroblast proliferation. The most recent classification of LM was proposed in 2001; however, it seems to be complex, confusing, and imprecise. Herein, we present seven cases of LM to evaluate the validity of the current classification, to propose new diagnostic criteria and classification, and to suggest a clinically relevant severity grading system for this rare disorder...
September 25, 2016: International Journal of Dermatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27647872/early-detection-of-biochemically-occult-autonomous-thyroid-nodules
#17
Nunzia Brusca, Camilla Virili, Miriam Cellini, Silvia Capriello, Lucilla Gargano, Rita Salvatori, Marco Centanni, Maria Giulia Santaguida
OBJECTIVE: Autonomously functioning thyroid areas may be associated with subclinical or overt hyperthyroidism, but may exist even in the presence of normal TSH. This study was aimed at comparing the rate of autonomously functioning areas and their cardiac sequelae in patients with nodular goitre studied with the usual and a novel approach. DESIGN AND METHODS: A total of 490 adult outpatients with thyroid nodular goitre, living in a mild iodine-deficient area, were selected in our Referral Center for thyroid diseases from 2009 to 2014 on the basis of a suspicion of thyroid functional autonomy...
September 19, 2016: European Journal of Endocrinology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27645693/-18-f-fluorodeoxyglucose-positron-emission-tomography-computed-tomography-in-the-management-of-adult-multisystem-langerhans-cell-histiocytosis
#18
Julie Obert, Laetitia Vercellino, Axel Van Der Gucht, Constance de Margerie-Mellon, Emmanuelle Bugnet, Sylvie Chevret, Gwenaël Lorillon, Abdellatif Tazi
PURPOSE: The standard evaluation of multisystem Langerhans cell histiocytosis (LCH) includes a clinical evaluation, laboratory tests and a skeleton/skull X-ray survey, with chest high-resolution computed tomography (HRCT) in the case of pulmonary involvement. Preliminary reports suggest that (18)F-fluorodeoxyglucose positron emission tomography-computed tomography ((18)F-FDG PET-CT) may be useful for evaluating patients with LCH. METHODS: Fourteen consecutive adult patients with multisystem LCH were included in this retrospective study, and were evaluated using standard procedures and (18)F-FDG PET-CT...
September 20, 2016: European Journal of Nuclear Medicine and Molecular Imaging
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27632981/interaction-of-interferon-alpha-therapy-with-thyroid-function-tests-in-the-management-of-hepatitis-c-a-case-report
#19
Gurmit Gill, Hammad Bajwa, Peter Strouhal, Harit N Buch
BACKGROUND: Interferon alpha is a widely used therapeutic agent in the treatment of hepatitis C virus infection. Clinical thyroid disease is seen in nearly 15 % of patients receiving interferon alpha for hepatitis C virus infection. The mechanism of thyroid dysfunction with interferon alpha is either autoimmune or inflammatory. We report a case of young woman who developed biphasic thyroid dysfunction posing a diagnostic challenge, while receiving interferon alpha treatment for hepatitis C virus infection...
2016: Journal of Medical Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27630749/management-of-thyroid-disease-in-pregnancy-room-for-improvement-in-the-first-trimester
#20
Helen Robinson, Philip Robinson, Michael D'Emden, Kassam Mahomed
BACKGROUND: First-trimester care of maternal thyroid dysfunction has previously been shown to be poor. This study evaluates early management of thyroid dysfunction in pregnancy in Australia. METHODS: Patients reviewed by the Obstetric Medicine team for thyroid dysfunction from 1 January 2012 to 30 June 2013 were included. Data were collected on gestation at referral from the patient's general practitioner to the antenatal clinic, information provided in the referral letter, thyroid function tests and thyroid medications...
September 2016: Obstetric Medicine
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