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Cost effectivness

Kristin G-I Mohn, Fan Zhou
The influenza virus is one of a few viruses that is capable of rendering an otherwise healthy person acutly bedridden for several days. This impressive knock-out effect, without prodromal symptoms, challenges our immune system. The influenza virus undergoes continuous mutations, escaping our pre-existing immunity and causing epidemics, and its segmented genome is subject to reassortment, resulting in novel viruses with pandemic potential. The personal and socieoeconomic burden from influenza is high. Vaccination is the most cost-effective countermeasure, with several vaccines that are available...
May 26, 2018: Vaccines
M Karbusicka, L Losenicky, P Mazan, J Doleckova, J Duba, M Kolek
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 2016: Value in Health: the Journal of the International Society for Pharmacoeconomics and Outcomes Research
Rachel Reilly, Katharine Evans, Judith Gomersall, Gillian Gorham, Micah D J Peters, Steven Warren, Rebekah O'Shea, Alan Cass, Alex Brown
BACKGROUND: Indigenous peoples in Australia, New Zealand and Canada carry a greater burden of chronic kidney disease (CKD) than the general populations in each country, and this burden is predicted to increase. Given the human and economic cost of dialysis, understanding how to better manage CKD at earlier stages of disease progression is an important priority for practitioners and policy-makers. A systematic review of mixed evidence was undertaken to examine the evidence relating to the effectivness, cost-effectiveness and acceptability of chronic kidney disease management programs designed for Indigenous people, as well as barriers and enablers of implementation of such programs...
April 6, 2016: BMC Health Services Research
Z Vujicic
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 2015: Value in Health: the Journal of the International Society for Pharmacoeconomics and Outcomes Research
Camille Morlière, Elise Verpillot, Laurence Donon, Louis-Rachid Salmi, Pierre-Alain Joseph, Jean-Rodolphe Vignes, Antoine Bénard
BACKGROUND CONTEXT: Sacral anterior root stimulation (SARS) and posterior sacral rhizotomy restores the ability to urinate on demand with low residual volumes, which is a key for preventing urinary complications that account for 10% of the causes of death in patients with spinal cord injury with a neurogenic bladder. Nevertheless, comparative cost-effectiveness results on a long time horizon are lacking to adequately inform decisions of reimbursement. PURPOSE: This study aimed to estimate the long-term cost-utility of SARS using the Finetech-Brindley device compared with medical treatment (anticholinergics+catheterization)...
December 1, 2015: Spine Journal: Official Journal of the North American Spine Society
Michał Troszyński
INTRODUCTION: Intensive scientific research and rapid technical progress have influenced the rapid fall in term newborn mortality. At the same time new problems have arisen such as saving the lives of infants with low and very low birth weight. Solving these problems needs reorganization of perinatal care, better equipment, especially in reference units and in outpatient clinics, as well as more intensive staff training. AIM: to obtain information whether implementation of intensified perinatal survey of fetus and newborn mortality can improve the quality of perinatal care in Poland...
April 2010: Medycyna Wieku Rozwojowego
M Wojan, R Scholz, G von Salis-Soglio, M Schmidt, A Wild
The method of retransfusion of drainage blood as known from the literature was investigated in a prospectiv study regarding effectivness and rate of side effects. 200 patients who underwent total hip and knee arthroplasty were investigated concerning hemoglobin, hematocrit, amount and quality of the retransfused drainage blood, the amount of autologous and homologous transfusions as well as complications and costs. 100 of these patients were selected as the control group. The amount of the retransfused drainage blood after hip arthroplasty amounted an average of 387 +/- 194 ml and after knee arthroplasty 595 +/- 250 ml...
November 2005: Biomedizinische Technik. Biomedical Engineering
T C Moore, D L Collins, V Catanzarite, E I Hatch
The marked advantages and merit of pre-term and particularly pre-labor (PTPL) cesarean section (C-section) in the avoidance, and indeed, virtual elimination of severely disabling gastroschisis (GS) complications in infants diagnosed prior to birth by ultrasound has unfortunately remained controversial in the 10 to 12 years since it was first reported and strongly recommended by numerous authors. During this period, GS has remained one of the four major causes of the short-gut syndrome (SGS) in infancy and childhood and a major cause of prolonged, costly, complicated, and hazardous neonatal intensive care unit stays with requirements for total parenteral nutrition (TPN)...
1999: Pediatric Surgery International
J K Elder, K S Waters, G H Dunwell, F R Emmerson, J F Kearnan, R S Morris, S G Knott
This paper reports those findings concerning property management from the 1977-78 survey of tick control in Queensland, which could effect efficient tick control and also presents a profile of the cattle industry in the tick infested areas at the time of the survey. The average property size was 400 hectares and the average number of cattle on the properties was 726.4. Larger properties tended to have crossbred Zebu cattle. The average number of paddocks per property was 7.2. The most popular stabilised crossbred Zebu breed was Santa Gertrudis but the most common type of cattle was crossbred Zebu, which was on 30% of properties...
May 1980: Australian Veterinary Journal
R K Tompkins, D C Burnes, W E Cable
The cost-effectivness of preventing primary acute rheumatic fever attacks by oral or benzathine penicillin treatment was analyzed for both epidemic and endemic streptococcal pharyngitis situations. Decision analysis was used: the probabilities and the outcome values were calculated from published data. Three penicillin strategies were compared: (A) treating only patients with group A streptococci-positive throat cultures; (B) treating all patients; (C) treating none of the patients. In the epidemic situation it is medically most effective and least costly to treat all patients with penicillin (Strategy B)...
April 1977: Annals of Internal Medicine
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