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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28818521/current-approach-of-the-axilla-in-patients-with-early-stage-breast-cancer
#1
REVIEW
Eleftherios P Mamounas, Thorsten Kuehn, Emiel J T Rutgers, Gunter von Minckwitz
The surgical approach of the axilla in patients with early-stage breast cancer has witnessed considerable evolution during the past 25 years. The previously undisputed gold standard of axillary-lymph-node dissection for staging has now been replaced by sentinel-lymph-node biopsy for patients with clinically negative axilla. For selected patients with limited sentinel-lymph-node involvement, completion axillary-lymph-node dissection can be omitted or replaced by axillary radiotherapy, reducing morbidity. The clinical interest of axillary staging after neoadjuvant chemotherapy is increasing and this approach might contribute to morbidity reduction, and to the further tailoring of future systemic and locoregional treatment decisions by response assessment...
August 14, 2017: Lancet
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28818349/fifteen-year-decrease-in-general-surgery-resident-breast-operative-experience-are-we-training-proficient-breast-surgeons
#2
Kelsey E Larson, Stephen R Grobmyer, Mika A B Reschke, Stephanie A Valente
OBJECTIVE: The goal of the study was to evaluate trends in general surgery resident breast cases over the past 15 years. STUDY DESIGN: The Accreditation Council for Graduate Medical Education (ACGME) Case Logs Statistics Reports from 2000 to 2015 were reviewed for average breast-specific case numbers and trends over time. ACGME data were available for all cases and breast-specific cases including the following: excisional biopsy/lumpectomy, simple mastectomy, modified radical mastectomy, and sentinel lymph node excision...
August 14, 2017: Journal of Surgical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28814071/feasibility-of-charcoal-tattooing-of-cytology-proven-metastatic-axillary-lymph-node-at-diagnosis-and-sentinel-lymph-node-biopsy-after-neoadjuvant-chemotherapy-in-breast-cancer-patients
#3
Seho Park, Ja Seung Koo, Gun Min Kim, Joohyuk Sohn, Seung Il Kim, Young Up Cho, Byeong-Woo Park, Vivian Youngjean Park, Jung Hyun Yoon, Hee Jung Moon, Min Jung Kim, Eun-Kyung Kim
Purpose: Sentinel lymph node biopsy (SLNB) can be performed when node-positive disease is converted to node-negative status after neoadjuvant chemotherapy (NCT). Tattooing nodes might improve accuracy but supportive data are limited. This study aimed to investigate the feasibility of charcoal tattooing metastatic axillary lymph node (ALN) at presentation followed by SLNB after NCT in breast cancers. Materials and Methods: Twenty patients with cytology-proven node metastases prospectively underwent charcoal tattooing at diagnosis...
August 17, 2017: Cancer Research and Treatment: Official Journal of Korean Cancer Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28808943/a-logistic-regression-model-predicting-high-axillary-tumour-burden-in-early-breast-cancer-patients
#4
I Barco, M García Font, A García-Fernández, N Giménez, M Fraile, J M Lain, E Vallejo, S González, L Canales, J Deu, M C Vidal, M Rodríguez-Carballeira, A Pessarrodona, C Chabrera
PURPOSE: As elective axillary dissection is loosing ground for early breast cancer (BC) patients both in terms of prognostic and therapeutic power, there is a growing interest in predicting patients with (nodal) high tumour burden (HTB), especially after a positive sentinel node biopsy (SNB) because they would really benefit from further axillary intervention either by complete lymph-node dissection or axillary radiation therapy. METHODS/PATIENTS: Based on an analysis of 1254 BC patients in whom complete axillary clearance was performed, we devised a logistic regression (LR) model to predict those with HTB, as defined by the presence of three or more involved nodes with macrometastasis...
August 14, 2017: Clinical & Translational Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28808843/feasibility-of-preoperative-axillary-lymph-node-marking-with-a-clip-in-breast-cancer-patients-before-neoadjuvant-chemotherapy-a-preliminary-study
#5
Eun Young Kim, Woo Seok Byon, Kwan Ho Lee, Ji-Sup Yun, Yong Lai Park, Chan Heun Park, In Young Youn, Seon Hyeong Choi, Yoon Jung Choi, Shin Ho Kook, Sung-Im Do
BACKGROUND: The aim of this study was to determine the feasibility of image-guided marker-clip placement in axillary lymph nodes (ALNs) for breast cancer upon initial presentation and to assess the reliability of this method with sentinel lymph node biopsy (SLNB) for axillary restaging after neoadjuvant chemotherapy (NAC). METHODS: Between June 2015 and August 2016, a marker clip was placed at a clinically positive ALN under ultrasonography (US) guidance before initiation of NAC in 20 patients...
August 14, 2017: World Journal of Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28806663/management-of-breast-ductal-carcinoma-in-situ-in-catalonia-spain-results-from-the-grup-oncologic-calal%C3%A3-occit%C3%A3-catalonia-survey-with-9-year-follow-up
#6
M J Cambra, B Farrús, F Moreno, Ll Anglada, M Arenas, R Ballester, J Casals, M Cusidó, V García, C Gutiérrez, M Mollà, A Pedro, V Reyes, X Sanz
INTRODUCTION: Reliable data on DCIS incidence and management are not available in many countries. The present study describes the management of DCIS in Catalonia, Spain in the year 2005 and compares these findings to data obtained in France. Local recurrence and late toxicity rates from 2005 through the end of 2014 are reported. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Observational survey of patients with pure DCIS (n = 270) diagnosed during 2005. A written questionnaire, the same as used in the French survey, was completed by 14 doctors at 12 cancer centres in Catalonia, Spain...
August 11, 2017: Breast: Official Journal of the European Society of Mastology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28806256/recurrent-malignant-melanoma-detected-on-18f-fluciclovine-pet-ct-imaging-for-prostate-cancer
#7
Eugene J Teoh, Maria T Tsakok, Kevin M Bradley, Katherine Hyde, Manil Subesinghe, Fergus V Gleeson
A 66-year-old man presented with biochemical recurrence of prostate cancer and underwent F-fluciclovine PET/CT to detect sites of recurrence. He had a history of resected truncal stage IIIC malignant melanoma, with bilateral axillary node involvement on sentinel node biopsy, in complete remission for 3 years. F-fluciclovine PET/CT demonstrated an incidental fluciclovine-avid right axillary node (SUVmax = 4.3). Diagnostic sampling confirmed recurrent malignant melanoma.
August 12, 2017: Clinical Nuclear Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28801012/use-of-lymph-node-ultrasound-prior-to-sentinel-lymph-node-biopsy-in-384-patients-with-melanoma-a-cost-effectiveness-analysis
#8
D Olmedo, M Brotons-Seguí, C Del Toro, M González, C Requena, V Traves, A Pla, I Bolumar, D Moreno-Ramírez, E Nagore
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Locoregional lymph node ultrasound is not typically included in guidelines as part of the staging process prior to sentinel lymph node biopsy (SLNB). The objective of the present study was to make a clinical and economic analysis of lymph node ultrasound prior to SLNB. MATERIALS AND METHODS: We performed a retrospective study of 384 patients with clinical stage I-II primary melanoma who underwent locorregional lymph node ultrasound (with or without ultrasound-guided biopsy) prior to SLNB between 2004 and 2015...
August 8, 2017: Actas Dermo-sifiliográficas
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28797338/is-axillary-lymph-node-dissection-necessary-after-a-positive-sentinel-lymph-node-biopsy
#9
REVIEW
Lerna C Ozcan, Armando E Giuliano
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 2017: Advances in Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28797030/one-step-nucleic-acid-amplification-assay-is-an-accurate-technique-for-sentinel-lymph-node-biopsy-of-breast-cancer-patients-a-meta-analysis
#10
Fang Shi, Qian Zhang, Zhenzhen Liang, Mengmeng Zhang, Xin Liu
BACKGROUND: To estimate the accuracy of one-step nucleic acid amplification (OSNA) assay as an intra-operative sentinel lymph node biopsy (SLNB) for sentinel lymph node (SLN) metastasis in breast cancer. METHODS: PubMed, Cochrane Library and Web of Science databases were searched by two independent reviewers to retrieve literature with per-patient analysis. The deadline was up until December 2016. A meta-analysis was performed using STATA, Meta-Disc, and Revman software...
August 10, 2017: British Journal of Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28781782/-18-f-fluorodeoxyglucose-uptake-as-predictor-for-invasion-in-preoperatively-diagnosed-breast-ductal-carcinoma-in-situ-significance-in-cases-without-mass-formation
#11
Takaaki Fujii, Reina Yajima, Hironori Tatsuki, Hiroyuki Kuwano
A diagnosis of ductal carcinoma in situ (DCIS) at needle biopsy often changes to that of invasive ductal carcinoma as the definitive pathological diagnosis following the surgical procedure. The present study sought to identify the factors associated with invasive disease in cases diagnosed as DCIS on needle biopsy by analyzing (18)F-fluorodeoxyglucose-proton emission tomography (FDG-PET) findings. The present study retrospectively investigated the cases of 24 consecutive patients with primary breast cancer who were preoperatively diagnosed with DCIS by needle biopsy...
August 2017: Molecular and Clinical Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28780722/validation-and-head-to-head-comparison-of-three-nomograms-predicting-probability-of-lymph-node-invasion-of-prostate-cancer-in-patients-undergoing-extended-and-or-sentinel-lymph-node-dissection
#12
Nikolaos Grivas, Esther Wit, Corinne Tillier, Erik van Muilekom, Floris Pos, Alexander Winter, Henk van der Poel
PURPOSE: The updated Winter nomogram is the only nomogram predicting lymph node invasion (LNI) in prostate cancer (PCa) patients based on sentinel node (SN) dissection (sLND). The aim of the study was to externally validate the Winter nomogram and examine its performance in patients undergoing extended pelvic lymph node dissection (ePLND), ePLND combined with SN biopsy (SNB) and sLND only. The results were compared with the Memorial Sloan Kettering Cancer Center (MSKCC) and updated Briganti nomograms...
August 5, 2017: European Journal of Nuclear Medicine and Molecular Imaging
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28774472/preoperative-sentinel-lymph-node-identification-biopsy-and-localisation-using-contrast-enhanced-ultrasound-ceus-in-patients-with-breast-cancer-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#13
REVIEW
A Nielsen Moody, J Bull, A-M Culpan, T Munyombwe, N Sharma, M Whitaker, S Wolstenhulme
AIM: To evaluate whether contrast-enhanced ultrasound (CEUS)-guided core biopsy of the sentinel lymph node (SLN) could identify metastatic nodes preoperatively and reduce the number of surgical SLN biopsies in patients with breast cancer and normal axillary B-mode ultrasound; and to establish whether CEUS SLN identification and localisation is a viable alternative to standard lymphatic mapping using isotope and blue dye. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A search of several electronic databases was performed and identified studies were assessed using QUADAS-2 for methodological quality...
August 1, 2017: Clinical Radiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28767441/socioeconomic-deprivation-worsens-the-outcomes-of-italian-women-with-hormone-receptor-positive-breast-cancer-and-decreases-the-possibility-of-receiving-standard-care
#14
Francesca Di Salvo, Nicola Caranci, Teresa Spadea, Nicolas Zengarini, Pamela Minicozzi, Hade Amash, Mario Fusco, Fabrizio Stracci, Fabio Falcini, Claudia Cirilli, Giuseppina Candela, Rosanna Cusimano, Rosario Tumino, Milena Sant, For The Socioeconomic Inequalities And Oncological Outcomes Italian Working Group
BACKGROUND: Socioeconomic factors influence access to cancer care and survival. This study investigated the role of socioeconomic status on the risk of breast cancer recurrence and on the delivery of appropriate cancer care (sentinel lymph node biopsy and breast-conserving surgery plus radiotherapy), by patients' age and hormone receptor status. METHODS: 3,462 breast cancer cases diagnosed in 2003-2005 were selected from 7 Italian cancer registries and assigned to a socioeconomic tertile on the basis of the deprivation index of their census tract...
July 22, 2017: Oncotarget
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28766883/identification-of-sentinel-lymph-nodes-by-contrast-enhanced-ultrasonography-with-sonazoid-in-patients-with-breast-cancer-a-feasibility-study-in-three-hospitals
#15
Kenzo Shimazu, Toshikazu Ito, Kumiko Uji, Tomohiro Miyake, Toyokazu Aono, Kazuyoshi Motomura, Yasuto Naoi, Atsushi Shimomura, Masafumi Shimoda, Naofumi Kagara, Seung Jin Kim, Shinzaburo Noguchi
The aim of this prospective study was to evaluate the feasibility of periareolar injection of the contrast agent Sonazoid (SNZ) followed by ultrasonography (US) for the identification of sentinel lymph node (SLN) in breast cancer patients with clinically negative node. Patients (n = 100) with T1-2N0M0 breast cancer received a periareolar injection of SNZ followed by US to identify contrast-enhanced SLN. Each contrast-enhanced SLN underwent fine needle aspiration cytology (FNAC) followed by SLN biopsy with a conventional method using blue dye and/or radiocolloid (B/R)...
August 2017: Cancer Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28766234/localizing-the-clipped-node-in-patients-with-node-positive-breast-cancer-treated-with-neoadjuvant-chemotherapy-early-learning-experience-and-challenges
#16
Toan T Nguyen, Tina J Hieken, Katie N Glazebrook, Judy C Boughey
BACKGROUND: Placement of a clip in the positive node in patients presenting with node-positive breast cancer treated with neoadjuvant chemotherapy (NAC) allows resection of the clipped node at SLN surgery and improves the accuracy of surgical staging. We sought to evaluate our experience with SLN surgery with resection of the clipped node since incorporation into our practice. METHODS: With Institutional Review Board approval, we evaluated all breast cancer patients with a percutaneous biopsy-positive axillary lymph node, clipped at the time of diagnosis, who underwent NAC followed by surgery...
August 1, 2017: Annals of Surgical Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28766210/positive-ultrasound-guided-lymph-node-needle-biopsy-in-breast-cancer-may-not-mandate-axillary-lymph-node-dissection
#17
Christine K Harris, Hanh Tam Tran, Katherine Lee, Charles Mylander, Daina Pack, Martin Rosman, Lorraine Tafra, Christopher B Umbricht, Reema Andrade, Wen Liang, Rubie Sue Jackson
BACKGROUND: The ACOSOG Z0011 (Z11) trial demonstrated that in patients with nonpalpable axillary lymph nodes (LN) and one to two positive sentinel LN (SLN), axillary LN dissection (ALND) is unnecessary.JAMA 305:569-575, [2011], Ann Surg 264:413-42, [2016] The Z11 trial did not require preoperative axillary ultrasound (axUS). In many centers, preoperative axUS is part of the standard workup of a newly diagnosed breast cancer patient, but in light of the Z11 results, its role is now questioned...
August 1, 2017: Annals of Surgical Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28766206/the-american-society-of-breast-surgeons-and-quality-payment-programs-ranking-defining-and-benchmarking-more-than-1-million-patient-quality-measure-encounters
#18
Jeffrey Landercasper, Lisa Bailey, Robert Buras, Ed Clifford, Amy C Degnim, Leila Thanasoulis, Oluwadamilola M Fayanju, Judy A Tjoe, Roshni Rao
BACKGROUND: To identify and remediate gaps in the quality of surgical care, the American Society of Breast Surgeons (ASBrS) developed surgeon-specific quality measures (QMs), built a patient registry, and nominated itself to become a Center for Medicare and Medicaid Services (CMS) Qualified Clinical Data Registry (QCDR), thereby linking surgical performance to potential reimbursement and public reporting. This report provides a summary of the program development. METHODS: Using a modified Delphi process, more than 100 measures of care quality were ranked...
August 1, 2017: Annals of Surgical Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28766131/outcome-following-sentinel-lymph-node-biopsy-guided-decisions-in-breast-cancer-patients-with-conversion-from-positive-to-negative-axillary-lymph-nodes-after-neoadjuvant-chemotherapy
#19
Young-Joon Kang, Wonshik Han, Soojin Park, Ji Young You, Ha Woo Yi, Sungmin Park, Sanggeun Nam, Joo Heung Kim, Keong Won Yun, Hee Jeong Kim, Sei Hyun Ahn, Seho Park, Jeong Eon Lee, Eun Sook Lee, Dong-Young Noh, Jong Won Lee
PURPOSE: Many breast cancer patients with positive axillary lymph nodes achieve complete node remission after neoadjuvant chemotherapy. The usefulness of sentinel lymph node biopsy in this situation is uncertain. This study evaluated the outcomes of sentinel biopsy-guided decisions in patients who had conversion of axillary nodes from clinically positive to negative following neoadjuvant chemotherapy. METHODS: We reviewed the records of 1247 patients from five hospitals in Korea who had breast cancer with clinically axillary lymph node-positive status and negative conversion after neoadjuvant chemotherapy, between 2005 and 2012...
August 1, 2017: Breast Cancer Research and Treatment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28763628/the-value-of-18f-fdg-pet-ct-imaging-in-breast-cancer-staging
#20
Ulkem Yararbas, Neslihan Çetin, Levent Yeniay, Aziz Murat Argon
The National Comprehensive Cancer Network (NCCN) guidelines recommend assessment with positron emission tomography with 2-deoxy-2-[fluorine-18]fluoro- D-glucose integrated with computed tomography (18F-FDG PET/CT) in staging of breast cancer, starting from the stage IIIA. Previously, PET/CT contributed to the accurate staging from the stage IIB. Our aim is to evaluate the contribution of 18F-FDG PET/CT in staging of breast cancer patients. A total of 234 patients were retrospectively evaluated. PET/CT was performed preoperatively in 114/234 and postoperatively in 120/234 patients...
August 1, 2017: Bosnian Journal of Basic Medical Sciences
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