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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27913267/a-comparison-between-intravascular-and-traditional-cooling-for-inducing-and-maintaining-temperature-control-in-patients-following-cardiac-arrest-traditional-or-modern-therapeutic-hypothermia-after-cardiac-arrest
#1
Jeremy Rosman, Maxime Hentzien, Moustapha Dramé, Vincent Roussel, Bernard Just, Damien Jolly, Philippe Mateu
: Therapeutic temperature control has been widely used during the last decade to improve clinical outcomes. We conducted this retrospective observational study to compare traditional cooling with endovascular cooling in post-cardiac arrest comatose survivors and to compare results with current guidelines. PATIENTS AND METHODS: All patients admitted to our ICU for cardiac arrest and for whom temperature control was performed were included. Traditional cooling included cold infusions, ice packs and cooling blankets...
November 29, 2016: Anaesthesia, Critical Care & Pain Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27912949/seasonal-variations-of-prescriptions-for-the-major-syndrome-types-and-manifestations-of-upper-respiratory-tract-infection-in-tradition-chinese-medicine
#2
Yuh-Hsiang Yeh, Yiing-Jenq Chou, Nicole Huang, Christy Pu, Pesus Chou
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study is to investigate the seasonal variations of prescriptions for the three most common syndrome types and the three major manifestations of upper respiratory infections (URIs) according to the theories of traditional Chinese medicine (TCM). DESIGN: This is a cross-sectional study. We examined a random sample comprising 1,000,000 beneficiaries from the National Health Insurance program in 2005. Primary diagnoses including International Classification of Diseases, Ninth Revision, Clinical Modification Codes 460-465 and 487 were regarded as URIs, for which 160,357 prescriptions of Chinese herbal medicine were analyzed...
December 2016: Complementary Therapies in Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27911880/study-of-the-sign-change-of-exchange-bias-across-the-spin-reorientation-transition-in-co-cr1-x-fe-x-2o4-x%C3%A2-%C3%A2-%C3%A2-%C3%A2-0-00-0-125
#3
R Padam, Swati Pandya, S Ravi, S Ramakrishnan, A K Nigam, A K Grover, D Pal
We present the evolution of novel phenomena of magnetic compensation effect, exchange bias (EB) effect and the field induced anomalies in '[Formula: see text]' substituted multiferroic compound [Formula: see text]. A few percent of '[Formula: see text]' substitution for '[Formula: see text]' in [Formula: see text] results in the reversal of field cooled magnetization under low applied fields below compensation temperature T comp. Further, increase in the field leads to the spin reorientation transition (T SR)...
December 2, 2016: Journal of Physics. Condensed Matter: An Institute of Physics Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27911824/high-thermoelectricpower-factor-in-graphene-hbn-devices
#4
Junxi Duan, Xiaoming Wang, Xinyuan Lai, Guohong Li, Kenji Watanabe, Takashi Taniguchi, Mona Zebarjadi, Eva Y Andrei
Fast and controllable cooling at nanoscales requires a combination of highly efficient passive cooling and active cooling. Although passive cooling in graphene-based devices is quite effective due to graphene's extraordinary heat conduction, active cooling has not been considered feasible due to graphene's low thermoelectric power factor. Here, we show that the thermoelectric performance of graphene can be significantly improved by using hexagonal boron nitride (hBN) substrates instead of SiO2 We find the room temperature efficiency of active cooling in the device, as gauged by the power factor times temperature, reaches values as high as 10...
November 23, 2016: Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27911516/photodissociation-of-trapped-rb_-2-implications-for-simultaneous-trapping-of-atoms-and-molecular-ions
#5
S Jyothi, Tridib Ray, Sourav Dutta, A R Allouche, Romain Vexiau, Olivier Dulieu, S A Rangwala
The direct photodissociation of trapped ^{85}Rb_{2}^{+} (rubidium) molecular ions by the cooling light for the ^{85}Rb magneto-optical trap (MOT) is studied, both experimentally and theoretically. Vibrationally excited Rb_{2}^{+} ions are created by photoionization of Rb_{2} molecules formed photoassociatively in the Rb MOT and are trapped in a modified spherical Paul trap. The decay rate of the trapped Rb_{2}^{+} ion signal in the presence of the MOT cooling light is measured and agreement with our calculated rates for molecular ion photodissociation is observed...
November 18, 2016: Physical Review Letters
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27911451/influence-of-specific-intermolecular-interactions-on-the-thermal-and-dielectric-properties-of-bulk-polymers-atomistic-molecular-dynamics-simulations-of-nylon-6
#6
N V Lukasheva, D A Tolmachev, V M Nazarychev, J M Kenny, S V Lyulin
Specific intermolecular interactions, in particular H-bonding, have a strong influence on the structural, thermal and relaxation characteristics of polymers. We report here the results of molecular dynamics simulations of Nylon 6 which provides an excellent example for the investigation of such an influence. To demonstrate the effect of proper accounting for H-bonding on bulk polymer properties, the AMBER99sb force field is used with two different parametrization approaches leading to two different sets of partial atomic charges...
December 2, 2016: Soft Matter
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27910841/incommensurate-density-modulation-in-a-na-rich-plagioclase-feldspar-z-contrast-imaging-and-single-crystal-x-ray-diffraction-study
#7
Huifang Xu, Shiyun Jin, Bruce C Noll
Plagioclase feldspars are the most abundant mineral in the Earth's crust. Intermediate plagioclase feldspars commonly display incommensurately modulated or aperiodic structures. Z-contrast images show both Ca-Na ordering and density modulation. The local structure of lamellae domains has I1-like symmetry. The neighboring lamellae domains are in an inversion twinning relationship. With a state-of-the-art X-ray diffraction unit, second-order satellite reflections (f-reflections) are observed for the first time in andesine (An45), a Na-rich e-plagioclase...
December 1, 2016: Acta Crystallographica Section B, Structural Science, Crystal Engineering and Materials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27910833/cu-ii-and-zn-ii-%C3%AE-diketonate-coordination-polymers-based-on-pyrimidin-2-amine-pyrazine-and-1-2-bis-4-pyridyl-ethane
#8
Franc Perdih
Copper(II) and zinc(II) bis(4,4,4-trifluoro-1-phenylbutane-1,3-dionato) compounds with pyrimidin-2-amine (pyr2a), pyrazine (pyz) and 1,2-bis(4-pyridyl)ethane (dpet) were prepared and solid-state structures of coordination polymers [M(tfpb)2(pyr2a)]∞ [M = Cu (1), Zn (2); tfpb = 4,4,4-trifluoro-1-phenylbutane-1,3-dionate], [M(tfpb)2(pyz)]∞ [M = Cu (3), Zn (4a, 4b)] and [Cu(tfpb)2(dpet)]∞ (5), respectively, were determined by single-crystal X-ray analysis. The coordination of metal centers in all compounds is octahedral with nitrogen ligands occupying the axial positions...
December 1, 2016: Acta Crystallographica Section B, Structural Science, Crystal Engineering and Materials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27910827/an-improved-asymmetric-gradient-coil-design-for-high-resolution-mri-head-imaging
#9
Fangfang Tang, Feng Liu, Fabio Freschi, Yu Li, Maurizio Repetto, Luca Giaccone, Yaohui Wang, Stuart Crozier
For head magnetic resonance imaging, local gradient coils are often used to achieve high solution images. To accommodate the human head and shoulder, the head gradient coils are usually designed in an asymmetric configuration, allowing the region-of-uniformity (ROU) close to the coil's patient end. However, the asymmetric configuration leads to technical difficulties in maintaining a high gradient performance for the insertable head coil with very limited space. In this work, we present a practical design configuration of an asymmetric insertable gradient head coil offering an improved performance...
December 21, 2016: Physics in Medicine and Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27910735/birth-of-the-cool-a-two-centuries-decline-in-emotional-expression-in-anglophone-fiction
#10
Olivier Morin, Alberto Acerbi
The presence of emotional words and content in stories has been shown to enhance a story's memorability, and its cultural success. Yet, recent cultural trends run in the opposite direction. Using the Google Books corpus, coupled with two metadata-rich corpora of Anglophone fiction books, we show a decrease in emotionality in English-speaking literature starting plausibly in the nineteenth century. We show that this decrease cannot be explained by changes unrelated to emotionality (such as demographic dynamics concerning age or gender balance, changes in vocabulary richness, or changes in the prevalence of literary genres), and that, in our three corpora, the decrease is driven almost entirely by a decline in the proportion of positive emotion-related words, while the frequency of negative emotion-related words shows little if any decline...
December 2, 2016: Cognition & Emotion
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27910628/final-design-of-thermal-diagnostic-system-in-spider-ion-source
#11
M Brombin, M Dalla Palma, R Pasqualotto, N Pomaro
The prototype radio frequency source of the ITER heating neutral beams will be first tested in SPIDER test facility to optimize H(-) production, cesium dynamics, and overall plasma characteristics. Several diagnostics will allow to fully characterise the beam in terms of uniformity and divergence and the source, besides supporting a safe and controlled operation. In particular, thermal measurements will be used for beam monitoring and system protection. SPIDER will be instrumented with mineral insulated cable thermocouples, both on the grids, on other components of the beam source, and on the rear side of the beam dump water cooled elements...
November 2016: Review of Scientific Instruments
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27910622/low-noise-correlation-measurements-based-on-software-defined-radio-receivers-and-cooled-microwave-amplifiers
#12
Teemu Nieminen, Pasi Lähteenmäki, Zhenbing Tan, Daniel Cox, Pertti J Hakonen
We present a microwave correlation measurement system based on two low-cost USB-connected software defined radio dongles modified to operate as coherent receivers by using a common local oscillator. Existing software is used to obtain I/Q samples from both dongles simultaneously at a software tunable frequency. To achieve low noise, we introduce an easy low-noise solution for cryogenic amplification at 600-900 MHz based on single discrete HEMT with 21 dB gain and 7 K noise temperature. In addition, we discuss the quantization effects in a digital correlation measurement and determination of optimal integration time by applying Allan deviation analysis...
November 2016: Review of Scientific Instruments
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27910595/cleaning-of-first-mirrors-in-iter-by-means-of-radio-frequency-discharges
#13
F Leipold, R Reichle, C Vorpahl, E E Mukhin, A M Dmitriev, A G Razdobarin, D S Samsonov, L Marot, L Moser, R Steiner, E Meyer
First mirrors of optical diagnostics in ITER are subject to charge exchange fluxes of Be, W, and potentially other elements. This may degrade the optical performance significantly via erosion or deposition. In order to restore reflectivity, cleaning by applying radio frequency (RF) power to the mirror itself and thus creating a discharge in front of the mirror will be used. The plasma generated in front of the mirror surface sputters off deposition, restoring its reflectivity. Although the functionality of such a mirror cleaning technique is proven in laboratory experiments, the technical implementation in ITER revealed obstacles which needs to be overcome: Since the discharge as an RF load in general is not very well matched to the power generator and transmission line, power reflections will occur leading to a thermal load of the cable...
November 2016: Review of Scientific Instruments
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27910570/imaging-crystal-spectrometer-for-high-resolution-x-ray-measurements-on-electron-beam-ion-traps-and-tokamaks
#14
P Beiersdorfer, E W Magee, N Hell, G V Brown
We describe a crystal spectrometer implemented on the Livermore electron beam ion traps that employ two spherically bent quartz crystals and a cryogenically cooled back-illuminated charge-coupled device detector to measure x rays with a nominal resolving power of λ/Δλ ≥ 10 000. Its focusing properties allow us to record x rays either with the plane of dispersion perpendicular or parallel to the electron beam and, thus, to preferentially select one of the two linear x-ray polarization components. Moreover, by choice of dispersion plane and focussing conditions, we use the instrument either to image the distribution of the ions within the 2 cm long trap region, or to concentrate x rays of a given energy to a point on the detector, which optimizes the signal-to-noise ratio...
November 2016: Review of Scientific Instruments
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27910567/a-high-resolution-ir-visible-imaging-system-for-the-w7-x-limiter
#15
G A Wurden, L A Stephey, C Biedermann, M W Jakubowski, J P Dunn, M Gamradt
A high-resolution imaging system, consisting of megapixel mid-IR and visible cameras along the same line of sight, has been prepared for the new W7-X stellarator and was operated during Operational Period 1.1 to view one of the five inboard graphite limiters. The radial line of sight, through a large diameter (184 mm clear aperture) uncoated sapphire window, couples a direct viewing 1344 × 784 pixel FLIR SC8303HD camera. A germanium beam-splitter sends visible light to a 1024 × 1024 pixel Allied Vision Technologies Prosilica GX1050 color camera...
November 2016: Review of Scientific Instruments
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27910538/a-compact-and-versatile-dynamic-flow-cryostat-for-photon-science
#16
Peter J E M van der Linden, Marco Moretti Sala, Christian Henriquet, Matteo Rossi, Kenya Ohgushi, François Fauth, Laura Simonelli, Carlo Marini, Edmundo Fraga, Claire Murray, Jonathan Potter, Michael Krisch
We have developed a helium gas flow cryostat for use on synchrotron tender to hard X-ray beamlines. Very efficient sample cooling is achieved because the sample is placed directly in the cooling helium flow on a removable sample holder. The cryostat is compact and easy to operate; samples can be changed in less than 5 min at any temperature. The cryostat has a temperature range of 2.5-325 K with temperature stability better than 0.1 K. The very wide optical angle and the ability to operate in any orientation mean that the cryostat can easily be adapted for different X-ray techniques...
November 2016: Review of Scientific Instruments
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27910521/a-low-temperature-external-cavity-diode-laser-for-broad-wavelength-tuning
#17
William G Tobias, Jason S Rosenberg, Nicholas R Hutzler, Kang-Kuen Ni
We report on the design and characterization of a low-temperature external cavity diode laser (ECDL) system for broad wavelength tuning. The performance achieved with multiple diode models addresses the scarcity of commercial red laser diodes below 633 nm, which is a wavelength range relevant to the spectroscopy of many molecules and ions. Using a combination of multiple-stage thermoelectric cooling and water cooling, the operating temperature of a laser diode is lowered to -64 °C, more than 85 °C below the ambient temperature...
November 2016: Review of Scientific Instruments
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27910500/development-of-visible-spectroscopy-diagnostics-for-w-sources-assessment-in-west
#18
O Meyer, O M Jones, J C Giacalone, J Y Pascal, D Raulin, H Xu, M H Aumeunier, R Baude, A Escarguel, C Gil, J H Harris, J-C Hatchressian, C C Klepper, S Larroque, Ph Lotte, Ph Moreau, B Pégourié, S Vartanian
The present work concerns the development of a W sources assessment system in the framework of the tungsten-W environment in steady state tokamak project that aims at equipping the existing Tore Supra device with a tungsten divertor in order to test actively cooled tungsten Plasma Facing Components (PFCs) in view of preparing ITER operation. The goal is to assess W sources and D recycling with spectral, spatial, and temporal resolution adapted to the PFCs observed. The originality of the system is that all optical elements are installed in the vacuum vessel and compatible with steady state operation...
November 2016: Review of Scientific Instruments
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27910398/development-of-beam-emission-spectroscopy-for-turbulence-transport-study-in-heliotron-j
#19
S Kobayashi, S Ohshima, H Matsuda, X X Lu, D Kokubu, K Ida, T Kobayashi, M Yoshinuma, S Kado, T Oishi, K Nagasaki, H Okada, T Minami, S Yamamoto, Y Nakamura, A Ishizawa, N Kenmochi, Y Otani, S Konoshima, T Mizuuchi
This paper describes the development study of the beam emission spectroscopy (BES) for the turbulent transport study in Heliotron J. Modification of the sightlines (10 × 4 for edge and 10 × 2 for edge) enables us to obtain 2-dimensional BES imaging. The cooling effect on the reduction in the electrical noise of avalanche photodiode (APD) assembly has been investigated using a refrigerant cooling system. When the temperature of the APD element has set to be -20 °C, the electrical noise can be reduced more than 50%...
November 2016: Review of Scientific Instruments
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27910389/overview-of-diagnostic-performance-and-results-for-the-first-operation-phase-in-wendelstein-7-x-invited
#20
M Krychowiak, A Adnan, A Alonso, T Andreeva, J Baldzuhn, T Barbui, M Beurskens, W Biel, C Biedermann, B D Blackwell, H S Bosch, S Bozhenkov, R Brakel, T Bräuer, B Brotas de Carvalho, R Burhenn, B Buttenschön, A Cappa, G Cseh, A Czarnecka, A Dinklage, P Drews, A Dzikowicka, F Effenberg, M Endler, V Erckmann, T Estrada, O Ford, T Fornal, H Frerichs, G Fuchert, J Geiger, O Grulke, J H Harris, H J Hartfuß, D Hartmann, D Hathiramani, M Hirsch, U Höfel, S Jabłoński, M W Jakubowski, J Kaczmarczyk, T Klinger, S Klose, J Knauer, G Kocsis, R König, P Kornejew, A Krämer-Flecken, N Krawczyk, T Kremeyer, I Książek, M Kubkowska, A Langenberg, H P Laqua, M Laux, S Lazerson, Y Liang, S C Liu, A Lorenz, A O Marchuk, S Marsen, V Moncada, D Naujoks, H Neilson, O Neubauer, U Neuner, H Niemann, J W Oosterbeek, M Otte, N Pablant, E Pasch, T Sunn Pedersen, F Pisano, K Rahbarnia, L Ryć, O Schmitz, S Schmuck, W Schneider, T Schröder, H Schuhmacher, B Schweer, B Standley, T Stange, L Stephey, J Svensson, T Szabolics, T Szepesi, H Thomsen, J-M Travere, H Trimino Mora, H Tsuchiya, G M Weir, U Wenzel, A Werner, B Wiegel, T Windisch, R Wolf, G A Wurden, D Zhang, A Zimbal, S Zoletnik
Wendelstein 7-X, a superconducting optimized stellarator built in Greifswald/Germany, started its first plasmas with the last closed flux surface (LCFS) defined by 5 uncooled graphite limiters in December 2015. At the end of the 10 weeks long experimental campaign (OP1.1) more than 20 independent diagnostic systems were in operation, allowing detailed studies of many interesting plasma phenomena. For example, fast neutral gas manometers supported by video cameras (including one fast-frame camera with frame rates of tens of kHz) as well as visible cameras with different interference filters, with field of views covering all ten half-modules of the stellarator, discovered a MARFE-like radiation zone on the inboard side of machine module 4...
November 2016: Review of Scientific Instruments
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