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Nutrition

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28549373/production-of-a-potential-liquid-plant-bio-stimulant-by-immobilized-piriformospora-indica-in-repeated-batch-fermentation-process
#1
Nikolay Vassilev, Bettina Eichler-Löbermann, Elena Flor-Peregrin, Vanessa Martos, Antonia Reyes, Maria Vassileva
Piriformospora indica, a mycorrhizal-like fungus able to establish associations with roots of a wide range of plants, supporting plant nutrition and increasing plant resistance and tolerance to stress, was shown to solubilise phosphate applied in the form of animal bone char (HABO) in fermentation systems. The process of P solubilisation was caused most likely by proton extrusion and medium pH lowering. The fungal mycelium was successfully immobilized/retained in a polyurethane foam carrier. Further employment of the immobilized mycelium in repeated-batch fermentation process resulted in at least 5 cycles of P solubilization...
December 2017: AMB Express
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28549315/associations-between-the-levels-of-thyroid-hormones-and-lipid-lipoprotein-levels-data-from-national-health-and-nutrition-examination-survey-2007-2012
#2
Ram B Jain
Data from National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey for the years 2007-2012 were used to investigate associations between thyroid hormones and lipid/lipoprotein levels for a representative sample of general US population aged ≥20 years. There were no statistically significant differences for adjusted high density lipoprotein levels among thyroid function groups, namely, subclinical hyperthyroid (SCHPR), clinical hyperthyroid (CHPR), euthyroid (EU), clinical hypothyroid (CHYP), and subclinical hypothyroid (SCHYP)...
May 4, 2017: Environmental Toxicology and Pharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28549221/preventing-underfeeding-and-overfeeding-a-clinician-s-guide-to-the-acquisition-and-implementation-of-indirect-calorimetry
#3
Amy K Ladd, Heather E Skillman, Matthew A Haemer, Peter M Mourani
BACKGROUND: In critically ill patients, indirect calorimetry (IC) is the gold standard to determine energy needs, as the use of predictive equations can result in underfeeding or overfeeding. The aim of this quality improvement (QI) initiative was to describe the rationale for and implementation of a process to target energy provision according to IC measurements in a tertiary academic medical center pediatric intensive care unit (PICU). MATERIALS AND METHODS: To justify the purchase of an indirect calorimeter for clinical use, a needs assessment was conducted, followed by a training and implementation period...
May 1, 2017: Nutrition in Clinical Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28549209/genotypic-correlation-and-path-analysis-in-early-and-super-early-maize-genotypes
#4
B M Alves, A Cargnelutti Filho
The aims of this study were to assess the linear relationships between agronomic and nutritional traits and to identify promising traits for indirect selection in early and super-early maturing maize genotypes. Two trials were run in the 2009/2010 agricultural year, each consisting of a randomized block design with three replications. One trial was run on 36 early maturing maize genotypes and the other on 22 super-early maturing genotypes. Six agronomic traits, 11 protein-nutritional traits, and four energetic-nutritional traits were measured...
May 25, 2017: Genetics and Molecular Research: GMR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28549107/physical-functioning-among-older-adults-new-to-long-term-services-and-supports
#5
Jo-Ana D Chase, Karen B Hirschman, Alexandra L Hanlon, Liming Huang, Kathryn H Bowles, Mary D Naylor
Background and Objectives: To identify determinants of self-reported physical functioning (PF) among older adults new to long-term services and supports (LTSS). Research Design and Method: Using the International Classification of Function, Disability, and Health (ICF) framework, we conducted a secondary analysis of self-reported data on symptoms, basic/instrumental activities of daily living, quality of life, assistive devices, physical therapy needs, prior healthcare utilization, health status, and demographics from 470 older adults new to LTSS (Home/Community-Based n = 156; Assisted Living n = 156; Nursing Home n = 158)...
May 25, 2017: Gerontologist
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28548991/protein-nutrition-and-exercise-survival-kit-for-critically-ill
#6
Peter J M Weijs
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: Protein delivery as well as exercise of critically ill in clinical practice is still a highly debated issue. Here we discuss only the most recent updates in the literature concerning protein nutrition and exercise of the critically ill. RECENT FINDINGS: By lack of randomized controlled trial (RCTs) in protein nutrition we discuss four post-hoc analyses of nutrition studies and one experimental study in mice. Studies mainly confirm some insights that protein and energy effects are separate and that the trajectory of the patient in the ICU might change these effects...
May 25, 2017: Current Opinion in Critical Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28548972/assessment-of-adult-malnutrition-and-prognosis-with-bioelectrical-impedance-analysis-phase-angle-and-impedance-ratio
#7
Henry C Lukaski, Ursula G Kyle, Jens Kondrup
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: Malnutrition affects prognosis in many groups of patients. Although screening tools are available to identify adults at risk for poor nutritional status, a need exists to improve the assessment of malnutrition by identifying the loss of functional tissues that can lead to frailty, compromised physical function, and increased risk of morbidity and mortality, particularly among hospitalized and ill patients and older adults. Bioimpedance analysis (BIA) offers a practical approach to identify malnutrition and prognosis by assessing whole-body cell membrane quality and depicting fluid distribution for an individual...
May 25, 2017: Current Opinion in Clinical Nutrition and Metabolic Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28548831/folate-biofortification-in-hydroponically-cultivated-spinach-by-the-addition-of-phenylalanine
#8
Sho Watanabe, Yuta Ohtani, Yohei Tatsukami, Wataru Aoki, Takashi Amemiya, Yasunori Sukekiyo, Seiichi Kubokawa, Mitsuyoshi Ueda
Folate is an important vitamin mainly ingested from vegetables, and folate deficiency causes various health problems. Recently, several studies demonstrated folate biofortification in plants or food crops by metabolic engineering through genetic modifications. However, genetically modified foods may have adverse effects, and their production and sales are under strict regulation. Here, we developed a new approach to achieve folate biofortification in spinach (Spinacia oleracea) without genetic modification...
May 26, 2017: Journal of Agricultural and Food Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28548607/nutritional-risk-and-nutritional-status-at-admission-and-discharge-among-chinese-hospitalized-patients-a-prospective-nationwide-multicenter-study
#9
Mingwei Zhu, Junmin Wei, Wei Chen, Xin Yang, Hongyuan Cui, Sainan Zhu
OBJECTIVE: The objective of this study was to assess nutritional risk and status of Chinese hospitalized patients at admission and discharge and relations with clinical outcomes. METHODS: A prospective, nationwide, multicenter study was conducted from June to September 2014 in 34 large hospitals in 18 cities in China. Patients ≥ 18 years with a hospital stay of 7-30 days were recruited. Anthropometric and laboratory indicators, nutritional risk screening, and assessment by Nutritional Risk Screening 2002 (NRS 2002) and subjective global assessment (SGA) were performed within 24 hours of admission and discharge...
May 26, 2017: Journal of the American College of Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28548585/dietary-assesment-of-free-living-elderly-spanish-people-with-disabilities
#10
M Lozano, J M Ramada, J Peiró, A Frígola, M J Esteve
Nutritional research in elderly disabled is difficult in noninstitutionalized people. The dietary intake of a noninstitutionalized disabled population of the eastern region of Spain was evaluated to detect possible nutritional deviations. A total of 329 participants aged 65 and over were recruited. Most participants were overweight. Carbohydrates did not reach 50% of total Kcal/day. Insufficient micronutrient intakes and high consumption of simple carbohydrates and saturated fats (SFA) were found. A decreasing trend of water intake (p < ...
May 26, 2017: Ecology of Food and Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28548564/eating-habits-and-food-additive-intakes-are-associated-with-emotional-states-based-on-eeg-and-hrv-in-healthy-korean-children-and-adolescents
#11
Jin Young Kim, Hye Lim Kang, Dae-Keun Kim, Seung Wan Kang, Yoo Kyoung Park
PURPOSE: Recent study suggests that psychological issues and eating habits are closely related. In this study, we aimed to find the association between eating habits and intakes of artificial sweeteners with emotional states of schoolchildren using quantitatively analyzing objective biosignals. METHODS: The study was conducted at the National Standard Reference Data Center for Korean EEG as a cross-sectional study. Three hundred eighteen healthy children who have not been diagnosed with neurologic or psychiatric disorders were evaluated (168 girls and 150 boys; mean age of 11...
May 26, 2017: Journal of the American College of Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28547935/malnutrition-risk-of-older-people-across-district-health-board-community-hospital-and-residential-care-settings-in-new-zealand
#12
Carol Wham, Emily Fraser, Julia Buhs-Catterall, Rebecca Watkin, Cheryl Gammon, Jacqui Allen
OBJECTIVE: To determine the prevalence of malnutrition risk in older people across three settings. METHODS: Older people living in the community or newly admitted to hospital or residential care were assessed for malnutrition risk using the validated Mini-Nutritional Assessment - Short Form and dysphagia risk using the Eating Assessment Tool-10. Demographic, physical and health data were collected. RESULTS: Of 167 participants, 23% were malnourished and 35% were at high risk of malnutrition...
May 25, 2017: Australasian Journal on Ageing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28547922/videofluoroscopic-assessment-of-the-pathophysiology-of-chronic-poststroke-oropharyngeal-dysphagia
#13
N Vilardell, L Rofes, V Arreola, A Martin, D Muriana, E Palomeras, O Ortega, P Clavé
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: Oropharyngeal dysphagia (OD) is a major complaint following stroke, associated with poor clinical outcome and high mortality rates. We aimed at characterizing the kinematics of swallow response associated with unsafe swallowing in chronic poststroke patients with OD. PATIENTS AND METHODS: Consecutive poststroke patients with a positive volume-viscosity swallow test for OD 3 months following stroke were studied by videofluoroscopy (VFS). Demographical and clinical factors and kinematics of swallow response were compared between those poststroke patients with safe swallow (penetration-aspiration scale, PAS≤2) and those with unsafe swallow (PAS≥3)...
May 25, 2017: Neurogastroenterology and Motility: the Official Journal of the European Gastrointestinal Motility Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28547890/influence-of-various-stressors-on-the-expression-of-core-genes-of-the-small-interfering-rna-pathway-in-the-oriental-fruit-fly-bactrocera-dorsalis
#14
Yi-Fei Xie, Jin-Zhi Niu, Xuan-Zhao Jiang, Wen-Jia Yang, Guang-Mao Shen, Dong Wei, Guy Smagghe, Jin-Jun Wang
RNA interference (RNAi)-based technology has emerged as a potential tool for controlling insect pests, however, previous studies found that the efficiency of RNAi in Bactrocera dorsalis was variable. In nature, insects often meet various challenges, such as pathogen infections, extreme temperatures, lack of nutrition and heavy metals. To better understand the association of the stressors with efficiency of RNAi, in the current study we tested the expression of three core genes, dicer2 (Bddcr2), r2d2 (Bdr2d2) and argonaute2 (Bdago2), of the small interfering RNA (siRNA) pathway of B...
June 2017: Insect Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28547854/nucleus-accumbens-functional-connectivity-at-age-20-is-associated-with-trajectory-of-adolescent-cannabis-use-and-predicts-psychosocial-functioning-in-young-adulthood
#15
Sarah D Lichenstein, Samuel Musselman, Daniel S Shaw, Stephanie Sitnick, Erika E Forbes
AIMS: To identify trajectories of cannabis use across adolescence, 2) to measure the influence of cannabis use characteristics on functional connectivity of the nucleus accumbens (NAcc), and 3) to assess whether patterns of functional connectivity related to cannabis use are associated with psychosocial functioning 2 years later. DESIGN: The Pitt Mother & Child Project (PMCP) is a prospective, longitudinal study of male youth at high risk for psychopathology based on family income and gender...
May 26, 2017: Addiction
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28547803/effects-of-maltose-and-lysine-treatment-on-coffee-aroma-by-flash-gas-chromatography-electronic-nose-and-gas-chromatography-mass-spectrometry
#16
He Yuqin, Zhang Haide, Wen Nana, Hu Rongsuo, Wu Guiping, Zeng Ying, Li Xiong, Miao Xiaodan
BACKGROUND: Arabica coffee is a subtropical agricultural product in China. Coffee undergoes a series of thermal reactions to form abundant volatile profiles after roasting, so it loses a lot of reducing sugars and amino acids. Adding carbonyl compounds with amino acids before roasting could ensure the nutrition and flavor of coffee. The technology is versatile for the development of coffee roasting process. This investigation evaluates the effects of combining maltose and lysine (Lys) to modify coffee aroma and the possibly related mechanisms...
May 26, 2017: Journal of the Science of Food and Agriculture
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28547793/the-anatomy-and-physiology-of-normal-and-abnormal-swallowing-in-oropharyngeal-dysphagia
#17
REVIEW
A Sasegbon, S Hamdy
BACKGROUND: Eating and drinking are enjoyable activities that positively impact on an individual's quality of life. The ability to swallow food and fluid is integral to the process of eating. Swallowing occupies a dual role being both part of the enjoyment of eating and being a critically important utilitarian activity to enable adequate nutrition and hydration. Any impairment to the process of swallowing can negatively affect a person's perception of their quality of life. The process of swallowing is highly complex and involves muscles in the mouth, pharynx, larynx, and esophagus...
May 25, 2017: Neurogastroenterology and Motility: the Official Journal of the European Gastrointestinal Motility Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28547740/biliary-duodenal-anastomosis-using-magnetic-compression-following-massive-resection-of-small-intestine-due-to-strangulated-ileus-after-living-donor-liver-transplantation-a-case-report
#18
Ryusuke Saito, Hiroyuki Tahara, Seiichi Shimizu, Masahiro Ohira, Kentaro Ide, Kohei Ishiyama, Tsuyoshi Kobayashi, Hideki Ohdan
BACKGROUND: Despite the improvements of surgical techniques and postoperative management of patients with liver transplantation, biliary complications are one of the most common and important adverse events. We present a first case of choledochoduodenostomy using magnetic compression following a massive resection of the small intestine due to strangulated ileus after living donor liver transplantation. CASE PRESENTATION: The 54-year-old female patient had end-stage liver disease, secondary to liver cirrhosis, due to primary sclerosing cholangitis with ulcerative colitis...
December 2017: Surgical Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28547738/implementing-health-promotion-activities-using-community-engaged-approaches-in-asian-american-faith-based-organizations-in-new-york-city-and-new-jersey
#19
S C Kwon, S Patel, C Choy, J Zanowiak, C Rideout, S Yi, L Wyatt, M D Taher, M J Garcia-Dia, S S Kim, T K Denholm, R Kavathe, N S Islam
Faith-based organizations (FBOs) (e.g., churches, mosques, and gurdwaras) can play a vital role in health promotion. The Racial and Ethnic Approaches to Community Health for Asian Americans (REACH FAR) Project is implementing a multi-level and evidence-based health promotion and hypertension (HTN) control program in faith-based organizations serving Asian American (AA) communities (Bangladeshi, Filipino, Korean, Asian Indian) across multiple denominations (Christian, Muslim, and Sikh) in New York/New Jersey (NY/NJ)...
May 25, 2017: Translational Behavioral Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28547736/rice-bran-metabolome-contains-amino-acids-vitamins-cofactors-and-phytochemicals-with-medicinal-and-nutritional-properties
#20
Iman Zarei, Dustin G Brown, Nora Jean Nealon, Elizabeth P Ryan
BACKGROUND: Rice bran is a functional food that has shown protection against major chronic diseases (e.g. obesity, diabetes, cardiovascular disease and cancer) in animals and humans, and these health effects have been associated with the presence of bioactive phytochemicals. Food metabolomics uses multiple chromatography and mass spectrometry platforms to detect and identify a diverse range of small molecules with high sensitivity and precision, and has not been completed for rice bran...
December 2017: Rice
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