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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28724227/carbon-and-nitrogen-allocation-strategy-in-posidonia-oceanica-is-altered-by-seawater-acidification
#1
Andrea Scartazza, Stefano Moscatello, Olga Gavrichkova, Maria Cristina Buia, Marco Lauteri, Alberto Battistelli, Maurizio Lorenti, Samantha Laird Garrard, Carlo Calfapietra, Enrico Brugnoli
Rising atmospheric CO2 causes ocean acidification that represents one of the major ecological threats for marine biota. We tested the hypothesis that long-term exposure to increased CO2 level and acidification in a natural CO2 vent system alters carbon (C) and nitrogen (N) metabolism in Posidonia oceanica L. (Delile), affecting its resilience, or capability to restore the physiological homeostasis, and the nutritional quality of organic matter available for grazers. Seawater acidification decreased the C to N ratio in P...
July 14, 2017: Science of the Total Environment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28724193/saline-irrigation-for-the-management-of-skin-extravasation-injury-in-neonates
#2
REVIEW
P N Gopalakrishnan, Nitin Goel, Sujoy Banerjee
BACKGROUND: Extravasation injury, a complication commonly seen in the neonatal intensive care unit, can result in scarring with cosmetic and functional sequelae. A wide variety of treatments are available, including subcutaneous irrigation with saline (with or without hyaluronidase), liposuction, use of specific antidotes, topical applications, and normal wound care with dry or wet dressings. All such treatments aim to prevent or reduce the severity of complications. OBJECTIVES: Primary objective To compare the efficacy and safety of saline irrigation or saline irrigation with prior hyaluronidase infiltration versus no intervention or normal wound care for tissue healing in neonates with extravasation injury...
July 19, 2017: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28724169/the-spectrum-of-vitamin-d-deficiency-description-of-a-family
#3
Francesco Vierucci, Marta Del Pistoia, Emioli Randazzo, Francesco Massart, Giovanni Federico
Background Vitamin D deficiency represents a global health problem, affecting children and adolescents worldwide. Objects To confirm that vitamin D deficiency can present as a spectrum of clinical pictures. Methods We diagnosed nutritional rickets in a 10-month-old infant of Senegal origin with several risk factors for vitamin D deficiency. As many of these factors affected also his cohabitant relatives, we evaluate infant's family members (mother and 4 brothers) looking for other vitamin D deficiency-related comorbidities...
July 2017: Experimental and Clinical Endocrinology & Diabetes
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28724050/higher-meld-score-increases-the-overall-cost-on-the-waiting-list-for-liver-transplantation-a-micro-costing-analysis-based-study
#4
Jose Antonio Orellana Turri, Tassia Cristina Decimoni, Leandro Augusto Ferreira, Marcio Augusto Diniz, Luciana Bertocco de Paiva Haddad, Alessandro Gonçalves Campolina
BACKGROUND: The pre-transplant period is complex and includes lots of procedures. The severity of liver disease predisposes to a high number of hospitalizations and high costs procedures. Economic evaluation studies are important tools to handle costs on the waiting list for liver transplantation. OBJECTIVE: The objective of the present study was to evaluate the total cost of the patient on the waiting list for liver transplantation and the main resources related to higher costs...
July 13, 2017: Arquivos de Gastroenterologia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28724042/hyperglycemia-in-critical-patients-determinants-of-insulin-dose-choice
#5
Aline Klitzke Paliosa, Cassiano Teixeira, Regis Goulart Rosa, Carine Raquel Blatt
Objective: To identify factors that can determine the choice of intermittent subcutaneous regular insulin dose in critically ill patients with hyperglycemia. Method: Cross-sectional study in a general adult ICU with 26 beds, data collected between September and October 2014. The variables analyzed were: sex, age, previous diagnosis of diabetes mellitus, use of corticosteroids, use of lactulose, sepsis, fasting, enteral nutrition, use of dextrose 5% in water, NPH insulin prescription and blood glucose level...
May 2017: Revista da Associação Médica Brasileira
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28724037/impact-of-biological-therapy-on-body-composition-of-patients-with-chron-s-disease
#6
Julianne Campos Dos Santos, Carla Malaguti, Fernando de Azevedo Lucca, Andrea Lemos Cabalzar, Tarsila Campanha da Rocha Ribeiro, Pedro Duarte Gaburri, Liliana Andrade Chebli, Julio Maria Fonseca Chebli
Introduction: Protein-energy malnutrition in Crohn's disease (CD) has been reported in 20 to 92% of patients, and is associated with increased morbidity and mortality and higher costs for the health system. Anti-TNF drugs are a landmark in the clinical management, promoting prolonged remission in patients with CD. It is believed that the remission of this disease leads to nutritional recovery. The effect of biological therapy on body composition and nutritional status is unclear. Method: Prospective study of body assessment by bioelectrical impedance method in patients with moderate to severe CD undergoing treatment with infliximab...
May 2017: Revista da Associação Médica Brasileira
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28724020/the-home-care-teaching-and-learning-process-in-undergraduate-health-care-degree-courses
#7
Ana Paula Hermann, Maria Ribeiro Lacerda, Mariluci Alves Maftum, Elizabeth Bernardino, Ana Lúcia Schaefer Ferreira de Mello
Home care, one of the services provided by the health system, requires health practitioners who are capable of understanding its specificities. This study aimed to build a substantive theory that describes experiences of home care teaching and learning during undergraduate degree courses in nursing, pharmacy, medicine, nutrition, dentistry and occupational therapy. A qualitative analysis was performed using the grounded theory approach based on the results of 63 semistructured interviews conducted with final year students, professors who taught subjects related to home care, and recent graduates working with home care, all participants in the above courses...
July 2017: Ciência & Saúde Coletiva
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28724017/food-risk-regulation-the-tensions-of-the-brazilian-health-surveillance-system
#8
Ana Virgínia Almeida Figueiredo, Elisabetta Recine, Renata Monteiro
This article addresses the dynamics of Brazilian food control practices, highlighting their special risk-related features and the types of intervention, as well as the recently adopted instruments to control risks related to the nutritional composition of food and their institutional repercussions. Food regulation in Brazil dates back to the First Republic. The practice has been remodeled over the years, due to both the increasing complexity of the risks and the introduction of new institutional operational mechanisms...
July 2017: Ciência & Saúde Coletiva
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28724007/-mal-nutrition-and-the-new-epidemiological-trend-in-a-context-of-development-and-inequalities
#9
Nathália Paula de Souza, Pedro Israel Cabral de Lira, Annick Fontbonne, Fernanda Cristina de Lima Pinto, Eduarda Ângela Pessoa Cesse
The current context of intense social, economic and political transformations has contributed to changes in the health profile of the population and generated discussions about the impact of these changes on the reorganization of society. At the present moment, the increase in non-communicable illnesses and diseases raises major concerns about the paradox of malnutrition and obesity. Based on an in-depth reading and interpretation of texts, documents and databases, this article discusses issues related to nutrition, considering the dimensions of shortages and excesses, the evolution of nutrition over time, and the connection with the new epidemiological trend...
July 2017: Ciência & Saúde Coletiva
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28723982/assessment-of-nutritional-status-of-children-and-adolescents-with-spastic-quadriplegic-cerebral-palsy
#10
Thaisa Barboza Caselli, Elizete Aparecida Lomazi, Maria Augusta Santos Montenegro, Maria Angela Bellomo-Brandão
BACKGROUND: Due to several factors, such as gastrointestinal's diseases and difficulty in feeding, children with Spastic Quadriplegic Cerebral Palsy tend to present nutritional deficits. OBJECTIVE: To assess the nutritional status of pediatric patients with Spastic Quadriplegic Cerebral Palsy according to reference curves for this population and with the measures of folds and circumferences, obtained by the upper arm circumference and triceps skin fold. METHODS: The data were obtained from: knee-height, estimated height, weight, upper arm circumference, and triceps skin fold...
July 6, 2017: Arquivos de Gastroenterologia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28723979/outcome-and-nutritional-assessment-of-chronic-liver-disease-patients-using-anthropometry-and-subjective-global-assessment
#11
Gonçalo Nunes, Carla Adriana Santos, Rita Barosa, Cristina Fonseca, Ana Teresa Barata, Jorge Fonseca
BACKGROUND: Protein-calorie malnutrition is common in chronic liver disease (CLD) but adequate clinical tools for nutritional assessment are not defined. OBJECTIVE: In CLD patients, it was aimed: 1. Characterize protein-calorie malnutrition; 2. Compare several clinical, anthropometric and functional tools; 3. Study the association malnutrition/CLD severity and malnutrition/outcome. METHODS: Observational, prospective study. Consecutive CLD ambulatory/hospitalised patients were recruited from 01-03-2012 to 31-08-2012, studied according with age, gender, etiology, alcohol consumption and CLD severity defined by Child-Turcotte-Pugh...
July 6, 2017: Arquivos de Gastroenterologia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28723934/the-relationship-between-adiposity-and-bone-density-in-u-s-children-and-adolescents
#12
Cecilia Gállego Suárez, Benjamin H Singer, Achamyeleh Gebremariam, Joyce M Lee, Kanakadurga Singer
OBJECTIVE: In adults, obesity has been associated with several health outcomes including increased bone density. Our objective was to evaluate the association between percent body fat and fat mass with bone mineral density (BMD) in a nationally representative population of children and adolescents. STUDY DESIGN: A total of 8,348 participants 8-18 years of age from the National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (NHANES) 1999-2006 had whole body DXA scans performed...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28723805/acute-pancreatitis-induced-by-etoposide-lobaplatin-combination-chemotherapy-used-for-the-treatment-of-lung-cancer-a-case-report-and-literature-review
#13
Cheng-Liang Cao, Peng-Yu Duan, Wang-Jun Zhang, Le Li, Feng-Zhi Qu, Bei Sun, Gang Wang
RATIONALE: Drug-induced pancreatitis (DIP) is a rare type of pancreatitis that is not usually observed in the clinical practice. It is generally difficult to distinguish from acute pancreatitis (AP) induced by other causes. PATIENT CONCERNS: Here, we report a 62-year-old Chinese female patient with "small cell lung cancer" as the initial presentation. Because the patient could not bear the surgical treatment, the chemotherapy composed of lobaplatin and etoposide was performed...
July 2017: Medicine (Baltimore)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28723705/dietary-guidelines-in-type-2-diabetes-the-nordic-diet-or-the-ketogenic-diet
#14
Ola K Magnusdottir, Ingibjorg Gunnarsdottir, Bryndís E Birgisdóttir
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: To highlight recent developments in research regarding nutrition therapies for type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) with a focus on the different approaches of the Nordic diet and the ketogenic diet. RECENT FINDINGS: Recent short-term studies have revealed that similar beneficial outcomes are seen after different dietary treatments for T2DM, with different approaches resulting in comparable weight loss and impacts on metabolic factors. SUMMARY: More individualized approaches in nutrition therapy should be considered for T2DM patients and clinical guidelines should reflect this...
July 18, 2017: Current Opinion in Endocrinology, Diabetes, and Obesity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28723611/parent-reported-nutritional-risk-and-laboratory-indices-of-cardiometabolic-risk-and-in-preschool-aged-children
#15
Navindra Persaud, Hedyeh Ziai, Gerald Lebovic, Jonathon L Maguire, Marina Khovratovich, Janis A Randall Simpson, Khosrow Adeli, Jill Hamilton, Brian W McCrindle, Patricia C Parkin, Catherine S Birken
BACKGROUND: Eating habits formed during childhood may contribute to the increasing prevalence of cardiometabolic disorders. Assessing nutritional risk in young children may help to prevent later cardiometabolic disease. The objective of this study was to determine whether parent-reported nutritional risk in preschool-aged children was associated with laboratory indices of cardiometabolic risk, namely leptin and insulin. METHODS: In this cross-sectional study, the relationship between nutritional risk as determined by the parent-completed NutriSTEP® questionnaire was assessed and compared to the serum leptin and insulin concentrations, hormones involved in regulation of food intake and biomarkers of adiposity and cardiometabolic risk...
July 19, 2017: Journal of Pediatric Endocrinology & Metabolism: JPEM
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28723566/genome-wide-rnai-screen-for-fat-regulatory-genes-in-c-%C3%A2-elegans-identifies-a-proteostasis-ampk-axis-critical-for-starvation-survival
#16
Christopher M Webster, Elizabeth C Pino, Christopher E Carr, Lianfeng Wu, Ben Zhou, Lucydalila Cedillo, Michael C Kacergis, Sean P Curran, Alexander A Soukas
Organisms must execute metabolic defenses to survive nutrient deprivation. We performed a genome-wide RNAi screen in Caenorhabditis elegans to identify fat regulatory genes indispensable for starvation resistance. Here, we show that opposing proteostasis pathways are principal determinants of starvation survival. Reduced function of cytoplasmic aminoacyl tRNA synthetases (ARS genes) increases fat mass and extends starvation survival, whereas reduced proteasomal function reduces fat and starvation survival. These opposing pathways converge on AMP-activated protein kinase (AMPK) as the critical effector of starvation defenses...
July 18, 2017: Cell Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28723250/application-of-molecular-dynamic-simulation-to-study-food-proteins-a-review
#17
Ashutosh Singh, Sai Kranthi Vanga, Valerie Orsat, Vijaya Raghavan
This review presents an overview of the application of molecular dynamic simulation to study food proteins. Processing of food using thermal, chemical, radiation, electromagnetic and mechanical techniques subject its macromolecular bio-components such as carbohydrates and proteins to extreme heat, ionic strength, pH and mechanical deformation. These processing factors affect protein's functional properties such as emulsification, dough formation, gelation, etc. which are associated with changes in their structure...
July 19, 2017: Critical Reviews in Food Science and Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28723186/ingestible-sensors
#18
Kourosh Kalantar-Zadeh, Nam Ha, Jian Zhen Ou, Kyle J Berean
Ingestible sensing capsules are fast emerging as a critical technology that has the ability to greatly impact health, nutrition, and clinical areas. These ingestible devices are noninvasive and hence are very attractive for customers. With widespread access to smart phones connected to the Internet, the data produced by this technology can be readily seen and reviewed online, and accessed by both users and physicians. The outputs provide invaluable information to reveal the state of gut health and disorders as well as the impact of food, medical supplements, and environmental changes on the gastrointestinal tract...
April 28, 2017: ACS Sensors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28722812/chemical-profile-of-pineapple-cv-vit%C3%A3-ria-in-different-maturation-stages-using-electrospray-ionization-mass-spectrometry
#19
Elizângela M Ogawa, Helber B Costa, José A Ventura, Luiz C S Caetano, Fernanda E Pinto, Bruno G Oliveira, Maria Eduarda S Barroso, Rodrigo Scherer, Denise C Endringer, Wanderson Romão
BACKGROUND: Pineapple is the fruit of Ananas comosus var. comosus plant, being cultivated in tropical areas and has high energy content and nutritional value. Herein, 30 samples of pineapple cv. Vitória were analyzed as a function of the maturation stage (0-5) and their physicochemical parameters monitored. Besides, negative-ion mode electrospray ionization mass spectrometry (ESI(-)FT-ICR MS) was used to identify and semi-quantify primary and secondary metabolites present in the crude and phenolic extracts of pineapple, respectively...
July 19, 2017: Journal of the Science of Food and Agriculture
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28722768/international-summit-on-the-nutrition-of-adolescent-girls-and-young-women-consensus-statement
#20
Nancy Krebs, Susan Bagby, Zulfiqar A Bhutta, Kathryn Dewey, Caroline Fall, Fred Gregory, William Hay, Lisa Rhuman, Christine Wallace Caldwell, Kent L Thornburg
An international summit focusing on the difficult challenge of providing adequate nutrition for adolescent girls and young women in low- and middle-income countries was held in Portland, Oregon in 2015. Sixty-seven delegates from 17 countries agreed on a series of recommendations that would make progress toward improving the nutritional status of girls and young women in countries where their access to nutrition is compromised. Delegate recommendations include: (1) elevate the urgency of nutrition for girls and young women to a high international priority, (2) raise the social status of girls and young women in all regions of the world, (3) identify major knowledge gaps in the biology of adolescence that could be filled by robust research efforts, (4) and improve access to nutrient-rich foods for girls and young women...
July 19, 2017: Annals of the New York Academy of Sciences
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