keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

Nutrition

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29241167/nutritional-screening-and-clinical-outcome-in-hospitalized-patients-with-crohn-s-disease
#1
Azusa Takaoka, Masaya Sasaki, Naoko Nakanishi, Mika Kurihara, Akiko Ohi, Shigeki Bamba, Akira Andoh
BACKGROUND/AIMS: Hospitalized patients with Crohn's disease (CD) can develop severe nutritional deficits. However, the nutritional screening tools with the most utility for such patients are still unknown. METHODS: Nutritional status of 40 CD patients was assessed on admission using several screening tools and laboratory tests. Their validity was evaluated in relation to length of hospital stay (LOS) and intestinal resection. Receiver operating characteristic analysis was performed to predict prolonged LOS (≥28 days)...
December 14, 2017: Annals of Nutrition & Metabolism
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29240843/behavior-of-bacteriome-symbionts-during-transovarial-transmission-and-development-of-the-asian-citrus-psyllid
#2
Hiroki Dan, Naoya Ikeda, Masaya Fujikami, Atsushi Nakabachi
The Asian citrus psyllid Diaphorina citri Kuwayama (Hemiptera: Liviidae) is a serious pest worldwide, transmitting Candidatus Liberibacter spp. (Alphaproteobacteria), the causative agents of a devastating citrus disease known as huanglongbing or greening disease. In a symbiotic organ called the bacteriome, D. citri possesses an organelle-like defensive symbiont, Candidatus Profftella armatura (Betaproteobacteria), and a nutritional symbiont, Ca. Carsonella ruddii (Gammaproteobacteria). Drastically reduced symbiont genomes and metabolic complementarity among the symbionts and D...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29240796/improving-the-quality-of-child-anthropometry-manual-anthropometry-in-the-body-imaging-for-nutritional-assessment-study-bina
#3
Joel Conkle, Usha Ramakrishnan, Rafael Flores-Ayala, Parminder S Suchdev, Reynaldo Martorell
Anthropometric data collected in clinics and surveys are often inaccurate and unreliable due to measurement error. The Body Imaging for Nutritional Assessment Study (BINA) evaluated the ability of 3D imaging to correctly measure stature, head circumference (HC) and arm circumference (MUAC) for children under five years of age. This paper describes the protocol for and the quality of manual anthropometric measurements in BINA, a study conducted in 2016-17 in Atlanta, USA. Quality was evaluated by examining digit preference, biological plausibility of z-scores, z-score standard deviations, and reliability...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29240755/integrating-transcriptomics-and-metabolomics-to-characterize-the-regulation-of-epa-biosynthesis-in-response-to-cold-stress-in-seaweed-bangia-fuscopurpurea
#4
Min Cao, Dongmei Wang, Yunxiang Mao, Fanna Kong, Guiqi Bi, Qikun Xing, Zhen Weng
Bangia fuscopurpurea is a traditional mariculture crop having high nutritional value, eicosapntemacnioc acid (EPA) production, and protein content. As an intertidal species, it can tolerate drastic changes in abiotic factors such as temperature, hydration, and light radiation; however, genomic information on the evolutionary aspect and mechanism of EPA enrichment in B. fuscopurpurea and the role of EPA in cold tolerance in this species remain elusive. We conducted transcriptome profile analysis in B. fuscopurpurea to investigate the biological functions of genes associated with resistance to various environment factors...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29240552/prevalence-of-and-trends-in-diabetes-among-veterans-united-states-2005-2014
#5
Ying Liu, Sonica Sayam, Xiaonan Shao, Kesheng Wang, Shimin Zheng, Ying Li, Liang Wang
Diabetes is a highly prevalent chronic disease among US adults, and its prevalence among US veterans is even higher. This study aimed to examine the prevalence of and trends in diabetes in US veterans by using data from the US National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey from 2005 through 2014. The overall prevalence of diabetes and undiagnosed diabetes was 20.5% and 3.4%, respectively, and increased from 15.5% in 2005-2006 to 20.5% in 2013-2014 (P = .04). Effective prevention and intervention approaches are needed to lower diabetes prevalence among US veterans and ultimately improve their health status...
December 14, 2017: Preventing Chronic Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29240520/draft-whole-genome-sequence-analyses-on-pseudomonas-syringae-pv-actinidiae-hr-negative-strains-detected-from-kiwifruit-bleeding-sap-samples
#6
Enrico Biondi, Alan Zamorano, Ernesto Vega, Stefano Ardizzi, Davide Sitta, Roberto De Salvador, Reinaldo Campos-Vargas, Claudio Meneses, Set Pérez, Assunta Bertaccini, Nicola Fiore
Kiwifruit bleeding sap samples, collected in Italian and Chilean orchards from symptomatic and asymptomatic plants, were evaluated for the presence of Pseudomonas syringae pv. actinidiae, the causal agent of bacterial canker. The saps were sampled during the spring of both hemispheres, before the bud sprouting, during the optimal time window for the collection of an adequate volume of sample for the early detection of the pathogen, preliminarily by molecular assays, and then, through its direct isolation and identification...
December 14, 2017: Phytopathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29240516/association-between-duration-of-reproductive-years-and-metabolic-syndrome
#7
Yon Chul Park, Tae Sic Lee, Hee-Taik Kang, Eun Suk Cho, Jai Soon Kim, Yoo Jung Hwang, Jong-Koo Kim
BACKGROUND: The incidence of metabolic syndrome (MetS) has gradually increased in recent years. MetS has been associated with age at menarche and menopause; however, the association between MetS and the reproductive span remains unclear. MATERIALS AND METHODS: This study examined MetS and the reproductive span among 1,214 participants of the 2014 Korea National Health and Nutrition Examination Surveys, a stratified, complex, multistage, probability cluster survey conducted by the Division of Chronic Disease Surveillance of the Korea Center for Disease Control and Prevention since 1998...
December 14, 2017: Journal of Women's Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29240511/meeting-the-nutritional-needs-of-premature-babies-their-future-is-in-our-hands
#8
Arieh Riskin
The goals of early nutrition in preterm infants are to provide all the necessary vital nutrients, achieve extra-uterine growth rates similar to fetuses of the same gestational age, and support functional neurodevelopmental outcomes that are comparable to those of infants born at term. It is vital to provide nutrition that will maximally support brain growth and development, but over-feeding with accelerated growth, fat accumulation and long-term metabolic consequences should also be avoided. Because the morbidity associated with prematurity increases nutritional and energetic demands, the basic approach is of providing early intensive nutrition...
December 2, 2017: British Journal of Hospital Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29240507/neonatal-jaundice-aetiology-diagnosis-and-treatment
#9
Subhabrata Mitra, Janet Rennie
A significant proportion of term and preterm infants develop neonatal jaundice. Jaundice in an otherwise healthy term infant is the most common reason for readmission to hospital. Jaundice is caused by an increase in serum bilirubin levels, largely as a result of breakdown of red blood cells. Bilirubin is conveyed in the blood as 'unconjugated' bilirubin, largely bound to albumin. The liver converts bilirubin into a conjugated form which is excreted in the bile. Very high levels of unconjugated bilirubin are neurotoxic...
December 2, 2017: British Journal of Hospital Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29240238/evaluation-of-microfiltration-and-heat-treatment-on-the-microbiological-characteristics-phenolic-composition-and-volatile-compounds-profile-of-pomegranate-juice-punica-granatum-l
#10
REVIEW
Antonio Colantuono, Paola Vitaglione, Nadia Manzo, Giuseppe Blaiotta, Immacolata Montefusco, Andrea Marrazzo, Fabiana Pizzolongo, Raffaele Romano
BACKGROUND: Since processing technology and storage may influence both sensory and nutritional value as well as the shelf-life of pomegranate juice (PJ), mild technologies based on microfiltration may be a promising alternative to heat treatments for fruit juices preservation. In this study, physico-chemical and microbiological properties of raw (RPJ), microfiltered (MPJ) and cloudy pasteurized PJ (PPJ) were compared over a period of 4 weeks. RESULTS: Data demonstrated that microfiltration was comparable to pasteurization in guarantying the microbiological stability of the juice avoiding spoilage of the final product...
December 14, 2017: Journal of the Science of Food and Agriculture
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29240232/trends-in-self-reported-oral-health-of-us-adults-national-health-and-nutrition-examination-survey-1999-2014
#11
Kar Yan Li, Christopher E Okunseri, Colman McGrath, May C M Wong
OBJECTIVE: Single-item self-reported oral health (SROH) is a convenient and reliable measure for the assessment of population-based oral health. However, little is known about trends and its associations among US adults. This study investigated trends in SROH (aged 20+ years) and the associated factors among adults living in the United States. METHODS: Self-reported oral health data for 41 621 adults aged 20+ years from the National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (NHANES) 1999 to 2014 were analysed...
December 14, 2017: Community Dentistry and Oral Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29240224/metabolic-characterization-of-anaerobic-fungi-provides-a-path-forward-for-bioprocessing-of-crude-lignocellulose
#12
John K Henske, St Elmo Wilken, Kevin V Solomon, Chuck R Smallwood, Vaithiyalingam Shutthanandan, James E Evans, Michael K Theodorou, Michelle A O'Malley
The conversion of lignocellulose-rich biomass to bio-based chemicals and higher order fuels remains a grand challenge, as single-microbe approaches often cannot drive both deconstruction and chemical production steps. In contrast, consortia based bioprocessing leverages the strengths of different microbes to distribute metabolic loads and achieve process synergy, product diversity, and bolster yields. Here, we describe a biphasic fermentation scheme that combines the lignocellulolytic action of anaerobic fungi isolated from large herbivores with domesticated microbes for bioproduction...
December 14, 2017: Biotechnology and Bioengineering
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29239997/predisposing-risk-factors-and-stress-fractures-in-division-i-cross-country-runners
#13
Kaci L Giffin, Kathy B Knight, Martha A Bass, Melinda W Valliant
The purpose of this study was to explore factors associated with increased stress fractures in collegiate cross country runners. Participants in this study were 42 male and female cross country runners at a Division I university. Each athlete completed a questionnaire regarding smoking status, vitamin/mineral intake, previous stress fracture history, birth control usage, menstrual status, and demographic information. Nutritional assessment via a 3-day food record and measurements of whole body, lumbar spine, and hip bone mineral densities (BMD) were also conducted on each athlete...
November 11, 2017: Journal of Strength and Conditioning Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29239908/vitamin-c-is-not-the-missing-link-between-cigarette-smoking-and-spinal-pain
#14
Clermont E Dionne, Danielle Laurin, Thérèse Desrosiers, Belkacem Abdous, Natalie Le Sage, Jérôme Frenette, Myrto Mondor, Sylvie Pelletier
STUDY DESIGN: A nationwide cross-sectional study. OBJECTIVES: To measure the associations between cigarette smoking (defined as serum cotinine concentration > 15 ng/ml) and the 3-month prevalence of spinal pain (neck pain, low back pain, low back pain with pain below knee, and self-reported diagnosis of arthritis/rheumatism) and related limitations, and to verify whether these associations are mediated by serum concentrations of vitamin C. SUMMARY OF BACKGROUND DATA: Cigarette smoking has been consistently associated with back pain, but this association has never been explained...
December 12, 2017: Spine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29239827/factors-affecting-body-composition-in-preterm-infants-assessment-techniques-and-nutritional-interventions
#15
REVIEW
K Strydom, E Van Niekerk, M A Dhansay
Limited research has been conducted that elucidates the growth and body composition of preterm infants. It is known that these infants do not necessarily achieve extra-utero growth rates and body composition similar to those of their term counterparts. Preterm infants, who have difficulty in achieving these growth rates, could suffer from growth failure. These infants display an increased intra-abdominal adiposity and abnormal body composition when they achieve catch-up growth. These factors affect the quality of weight gain, as these infants are not only shorter and lighter than term infants, they also have more fat mass (FM) and less fat-free mass (FFM), resulting in a higher total fat percentage...
October 28, 2017: Pediatrics and Neonatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29239791/in%C3%A2-vitro-flowering-in-oldenlandia-umbellata-l
#16
Shuvra Kanta Behera, Chandrasekaran Rajasekaran, S Payas, Devanand P Fulzele, C George Priya Doss, Ramamoorthy Siva
BACKGROUND: Oldenlandia umbellata L. (Indian madder) is an antique Ayurvedic Indian herb and a source of various anthraquinone derivatives. The red dye from its roots has been used in diverse applications since ancient times. OBJECTIVES: To establish reliable and effective protocols for in vitro flowering of O. umbellata. MATERIALS AND METHODS: For in vitro flowering, organogenic calli were subcultured onto Murashige and Skoog (MS) medium supplemented with various concentrations of Naphthalene acetic acid (NAA) (0...
November 24, 2017: Journal of Ayurveda and Integrative Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29239470/nutritional-knowledge-and-body-mass-index-a-cross-sectional-study
#17
Julia Luzzi Valmórbida, Maíra Ribas Goulart, Fernanda Michielin Busnello, Lúcia Campos Pellanda
OBJECTIVE: To verify the knowledge about food and nutrition and its association with the nutritional status of obese patients with noncommunicable diseases (NCDs), and to identify the relationship between information sources and level of knowledge. METHOD: Cross-sectional study that included 263 outpatients of a cardiology referral hospital in Porto Alegre, Rio Grande do Sul, Brazil. The participants filled out a questionnaire on socioeconomic data and knowledge about food and nutrition and had their nutritional status evaluated by body mass index (BMI), waist circumference (WC) and waist-hip ratio (WHR)...
September 2017: Revista da Associação Médica Brasileira
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29239176/development-of-betalain-producing-callus-lines-from-colored-quinoa-varieties-chenopodium-quinoa-willd
#18
Paula Henarejos-Escudero, Berenice Guadarrama-Flores, M Alejandra Guerrero-Rubio, Luz Rayda Gómez-Pando, Francisco García-Carmona, Fernando Gandía-Herrero
Betalains are water soluble plant pigments of hydrophilic nature with promising bioactive potential. Among the scarce edible sources of betalains is the grain crop quinoa (Chenopodim quinoa Willd), with violet, red, and yellow grains being colored by these pigments. In this work callus cultures have been developed from differently colored plant varieties. Stable callus lines exhibited color and pigment production when maintained on Murashige and Skoog medium supplemented with the plant growth regulators 6-benzylaminopurine (8...
December 14, 2017: Journal of Agricultural and Food Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29239083/physical-growth-and-diets-of-school-children-trends-from-2001-to-2015-in-rural-west-java-indonesia
#19
Makiko Sekiyama, Katrin Roosita, Ryutaro Ohtsuka
OBJECTIVES: This study aimed to assess changes in physical growth and diets of school children in rural West Java, Indonesia, between 2001 and 2015, a period of rapid socioeconomic change. METHODS: In 2001 and 2015, anthropometric measurements (height, weight, mid-upper arm circumference, skin-fold thickness), food consumption surveys, and questionnaires on socioeconomic status were completed by fourth-grade school children in a rural village in West Java. RESULTS: Height increments of 5...
December 14, 2017: American Journal of Human Biology: the Official Journal of the Human Biology Council
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29238902/dietary-therapy-for-eosinophilic-esophagitis-elimination-and-reintroduction
#20
REVIEW
Kara L Kliewer, Alison M Cassin, Carina Venter
Eosinophilic esophagitis (EoE) is a food antigen-mediated disorder of the esophagus characterized by eosinophil predominant inflammation and symptoms of esophageal dysfunction. Dietary antigen elimination induces clinical and histological remission in patients with EoE. The most restrictive of elimination diets (the elemental diet) removes all possible food antigens while empiric elimination diets remove all (or a subset) of food antigens most commonly reported to cause esophageal eosinophilia and food allergies (milk, egg, wheat, soy, peanuts, tree nuts, fish, or legumes)...
December 14, 2017: Clinical Reviews in Allergy & Immunology
keyword
keyword
282
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"