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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29906810/endoscopic-gastric-reduction-with-an-endoluminal-suturing-device-a-multicenter-prospective-trial-with-1-year-follow-up
#1
Vincent Huberty, Evzen Machytka, Ivo Boškoski, Marie Barea, Guido Costamagna, Jacques Deviere
BACKGROUND:  Obesity is the pandemic disease of this century. Surgery is the only effective treatment but cannot be offered to every patient. Endoscopic sutured gastroplasty is a minimally invasive technique that may potentially fill the gap between surgery and behavioral therapy. In this study, we prospectively investigated the efficacy and safety of a novel suturing device. METHODS:  After a pre-bariatric multidisciplinary work-up, class 1 and 2 obese patients were included...
June 15, 2018: Endoscopy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29906760/promoting-the-productivity-and-quality-of-brinjal-aligned-with-heavy-metals-immobilization-in-a-wastewater-irrigated-heavy-metal-polluted-soil-with-biochar-and-chitosan
#2
Veysel Turan, Shahbaz Ali Khan, Mahmood-Ur-Rahman, Muhammad Iqbal, Pia Muhammad Adnan Ramzani, Maryam Fatima
Depleting aquifers, lack of planning and low socioeconomic status of Pakistani farmers have led them to use wastewater (WW) for irrigating their crops causing food contamination with heavy metals and ultimately negative effects on human health. This study evaluates the effects of chitosan (CH) and biochar (BC) on growth and nutritional quality of brinjal plant together with in situ immobilization of heavy metals in a soil polluted with heavy metals due to irrigation with wastewater (SPHIW) and further irrigated with the same WW...
June 12, 2018: Ecotoxicology and Environmental Safety
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29906620/effects-of-food-availability-on-growth-performance-and-immune-related-gene-expression-of-juvenile-olive-flounder-paralichthys-olivaceus
#3
Seunghyung Lee, Young Mee Lee, Kyung-Hee Kim, Hyun Chul Kim, Choul-Ji Park, Jong-Won Park, Gyeong Eon Noh, Woo-Jin Kim, Hyung-Kyu Hwang
Unfavorable environmental conditions and inappropriate culture practices have increased the vulnerability of cultured fish to disease infection. Up to date many studies have aimed to determine a feeding regimen to maximize productivity; however, very little information on immune responses of cultured fish in response to underfeeding or overfeeding is available. Therefore, a preliminary study was conducted to evaluate effects of graded feeding levels (i.e., food availability) on growth performance and immune-related gene expression of juvenile olive flounder (Paralichthys olivaceus)...
June 12, 2018: Fish & Shellfish Immunology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29906471/self-selection-of-plant-bioactive-compounds-by-sheep-in-response-to-challenge-infection-with-haemonchus-contortus
#4
Cesar H E C Poli, Kara J Thornton-Kurth, Jerrad F Legako, Carolina Bremm, Viviane S Hampel, Jeffery Hall, Ignacio R Ipharraguerre, Juan J Villalba
Plant bioactives can potentially benefit herbivores through their effects on health and nutrition. The objective of this study was to determine the importance of polyphenols and terpenes on the ability of lambs to self-select these compounds when challenged by a parasitic infection and the subsequent impact on their health and productivity. Thirty-five lambs were housed in individual pens and assigned to five treatment groups (7 animals/group), where they received: 1) A basal diet of beet pulp:soybean meal (90:10) (CONTROL); 2) The same diet, but containing 0...
June 12, 2018: Physiology & Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29906463/improved-fatty-acid-profiles-in-seeds-of-camelina-sativa-by-artificial-microrna-mediated-fatb-gene-suppression
#5
Mehmet E Ozseyhan, Pengcheng Li, GunNam Na, Zhenjing Li, Changlu Wang, Chaofu Lu
The fatty acid profile of plant oils determines their quality and uses. Saturated fatty acids are often not desirable from the standpoints of nutrition and some industrial applications. Camelina sativa is a re-emerged oilseed crop, however its oil needs to be improved to meet different application requirements. In this study, saturated fatty acids were greatly reduced by down-regulating genes encoding the fatty acyl-ACP thioesterases (FATB). An artificial microRNA (amiFATB) was created by replacing a microRNA sequence in the camelina Csa-miR159a gene with a FATB gene specific sequence...
June 12, 2018: Biochemical and Biophysical Research Communications
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29906403/the-association-between-whey-protein-regional-fat-mass-and-strength-in-resistance-trained-men-a-cross-sectional-study
#6
Ana Batista, Cristina P Monteiro, Rute Borrego, Catarina N Matias, Filipe J Teixeira, Maria João Valamatos, Ana Cláudia Oliveira, Joana F Reis, Lino Mendes, Luís B Sardinha
The purpose of this study was to evaluate the association between whey protein supplementation, body composition and muscle strength, in resistance-trained individuals. Forty-nine healthy males, aged 18 to 35 years that were engaged in resistance training for at least one year, were assigned into two groups according to whey protein intake (Whey: n=26, 30.7 ± 7.4 yr, 75.8 ± 9.0 kg; WithoutWhey: n=23, 31.0 ± 7.4 yr, 77.9 ± 9.3 kg). Using a cross-sectional design, a morning assessment of body fat mass (FM) (by dual energy X-ray absorptiometry) and strength (using 1RM for bench press and back squat) was performed...
June 15, 2018: Applied Physiology, Nutrition, and Metabolism, Physiologie Appliquée, Nutrition et Métabolisme
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29906312/successful-treatment-of-chronic-hepatitis-c-infection-with-crushed-elbasvir-grazoprevir-administered-via-a-percutaneous-endoscopic-gastrostomy-tube
#7
J E Yap, P Jaiswal, L Ton, R Szynkarek, B M Attar, S Gandhi
WHAT IS KNOWN AND OBJECTIVE: Elbasvir/grazoprevir is an all-oral regimen approved for patients with hepatitis C virus (HCV) genotypes 1 and 4, and in renal insufficiency. However, to date, no data exist on the efficacy of this regimen when it is crushed and administered through a percutaneous endoscopic gastrostomy (PEG) tube. Here, we illustrate the case of a 63-year-old man who is the only known patient with HCV infection in the English literature to have successfully achieved a sustained viral response (SVR) when elbasvir/grazoprevir oral combination was administered through a PEG tube...
June 15, 2018: Journal of Clinical Pharmacy and Therapeutics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29906292/cryptococcus-neoformans-urease-affects-the-outcome-of-intracellular-pathogenesis-by-modulating-phagolysosomal-ph
#8
Man Shun Fu, Carolina Coelho, Carlos M De Leon-Rodriguez, Diego C P Rossi, Emma Camacho, Eric H Jung, Madhura Kulkarni, Arturo Casadevall
Cryptococcus neoformans is a facultative intracellular pathogen and its interaction with macrophages is a key event determining the outcome of infection. Urease is a major virulence factor in C. neoformans but its role during macrophage interaction has not been characterized. Consequently, we analyzed the effect of urease on fungal-macrophage interaction using wild-type, urease-deficient and urease-complemented strains of C. neoformans. The frequency of non-lytic exocytosis events was reduced in the absence of urease...
June 15, 2018: PLoS Pathogens
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29906260/the-comparative-genomics-of-bifidobacterium-callitrichos-reflects-dietary-carbohydrate-utilization-within-the-common-marmoset-gut
#9
Korin Albert, Asha Rani, David A Sela
Bifidobacterium is a diverse genus of anaerobic, saccharolytic bacteria that colonize many animals, notably humans and other mammals. The presence of these bacteria in the gastrointestinal tract represents a potential coevolution between the gut microbiome and its mammalian host mediated by diet. To study the relationship between bifidobacterial gut symbionts and host nutrition, we analyzed the genome of two bifidobacteria strains isolated from the feces of a common marmoset (Callithrix jacchus), a primate species studied for its ability to subsist on host-indigestible carbohydrates...
June 15, 2018: Microbial Genomics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29905945/effect-of-goat-and-cow-milk-ratios-on-the-physicochemical-rheological-and-sensory-properties-of-a-fresh-panela-cheese
#10
Carolina Ramírez-López, Jorge Fernando Vélez-Ruiz
Fresh cheeses, Panela type, were manufactured from cow milk and with goat milk incorporation, constituting 4 blends of milks (G10:C90, G20:C80, G30:C70, G40:C60, v/v). The cheeses were analyzed to determine the effect of the different goat milk ratios on the physicochemical, textural, rheological, and sensory properties over 15 d of storage. Significant differences in protein (14.6% to 18.5%), fat (13.0% to 19.4%), and moisture contents (51.7% to 61.3%), pH (6.38 to 6.67), color (Lh  > 64.4, ah  > 1...
June 15, 2018: Journal of Food Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29905921/pediatric-inpatient-and-emergency-dermatology-consultations-a-5-year-retrospective-analysis
#11
Mariana Cruz-Manzano, Cristina N Brau-Javier, Sheila Valentín-Nogueras, Luz D Figueroa-Guzmán
OBJECTIVE: To characterize and analyze the inpatient and emergency pediatric dermatology consults in our academic hospital center. METHODS: We reviewed 485 consultations that were done by the University of Puerto Rico Department of Dermatology from July 2007 to June 2012. The date, patient age and gender, consulting service, presumptive diagnosis, final diagnosis, and diagnostic procedures performed were documented for each consult. RESULTS: The patients' ages ranged from newborn to 18 years; the 13 to 18 years age group was the most common (29%)...
June 2018: Puerto Rico Health Sciences Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29905885/moderate-egg-consumption-and-all-cause-and-specific-cause-mortality-in-the-spanish-european-prospective-into-cancer-and-nutrition-epic-spain-study
#12
Raul Zamora-Ros, Valerie Cayssials, Ramón Cleries, María Luisa Redondo, Maria-Jose Sánchez, Miguel Rodríguez-Barranco, Jose-Juan Sánchez-Cruz, Olatz Mokoroa, Leire Gil, Pilar Amiano, Carmen Navarro, María Dolores Chirlaque, José María Huerta, Aurelio Barricarte, Eva Ardanaz, Conchi Moreno-Iribas, Antonio Agudo
PURPOSE: Dietary guidelines for egg consumption for general population differ among public health agencies. Our aim was to investigate the association between egg intake and both all-cause and specific-cause of mortality in a Mediterranean population. METHODS: The European Prospective Investigation into Cancer and Nutrition (EPIC)-Spain cohort included 40,621 men and women aged 29-69 years old in the nineties from 5 Spanish regions. After a mean of 18 years of follow-up, 3,561 deaths were recorded, of which 1,694 were from cancer, 761 from CVD, and 870 from other causes...
June 15, 2018: European Journal of Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29905824/milk-powder-added-to-a-school-meal-increases-cognitive-test-scores-in-ghanaian-children
#13
Reginald Lee, Lauren Singh, Danielle van Liefde, Meghan Callaghan-Gillespie, Matilda Steiner-Asiedu, Kwesi Saalia, Carly Edwards, Anja Serena, Tamara Hershey, Mark J Manary
Background: The inclusion of milk in school feeding is accepted as good nutritional practice, but specific benefits remain uncertain. Objective: The objective was to determine whether consumption of 8.8 g milk protein/d given as milk powder with a multiple micronutrient-enriched porridge resulted in greater increases in linear growth and Cambridge Neuropsychological Test Automated Battery (CANTAB) scores in Ghanaian schoolchildren when compared with 1 of 3 control groups...
June 14, 2018: Journal of Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29905809/canola-nutrition-and-variety-affect-oviposition-and-offspring-performance-in-the-generalist-herbivore-mamestra-configurata-lepidoptera-noctuidae
#14
Chaminda De Silva Weeraddana, Maya L Evenden
Bertha armyworm Mamestra configurata Walker (Lepidoptera: Noctuidae) is a generalist herbivore that feeds on several crops in different plant families. Canola Brassica napus L. (Capparales: Brassicaceae) is one of the most favored host plants making the bertha armyworm a significant insect pest in the Canadian Prairie Provinces. The performance of the bertha armyworm on canola may vary with the quality of the canola plant. We tested the impact of plant nutrition and canola variety on oviposition and subsequent larval development of the bertha armyworm...
June 14, 2018: Journal of Economic Entomology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29905766/adherence-to-geriatric-assessment-based-recommendations-in-older-patients-with-cancer-a-multicenter-prospective-cohort-study-in-belgium
#15
C Kenis, L Decoster, J Flamaing, P R Debruyne, I De Groof, C Focan, F Cornelis, V Verschaeve, C Bachmann, D Bron, S Luce, G Debugne, H Van den Bulck, J-C Goeminne, D Schrijvers, K Geboers, B Petit, C Langenaeken, R Van Rijswijk, P Specenier, G Jerusalem, J-P Praet, K Vandenborre, J-P Lobelle, M Lycke, K Milisen, H Wildiers
Background: In the general older population, geriatric assessment (GA)-guided treatment plans can improve overall survival, quality of life and functional status (FS). In GA-related research in geriatric oncology, studies mainly focused on geriatric screening and GA but not on geriatric recommendations, interventions and follow-up. The aim of this study was to investigate the adherence to geriatric recommendations and subsequent actions undertaken in older patients with cancer. Patient and methods: A prospective Belgian multicenter (N=22) cohort study included patients ≥70 years with a malignant tumor upon oncologic treatment decision...
June 14, 2018: Annals of Oncology: Official Journal of the European Society for Medical Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29905644/association-between-urinary-cadmium-and-qrs-t-angle-among-adults-in-the-united-states
#16
Susan Thapa, Leanna Delhey, Jin Jing, Saly Aboelenein, Wesam Morad, Robert Delongchamp, Mohammed F Faramawi
OBJECTIVE: Cadmium's effect on QRS|T angle has not been studied. An abnormal QRS|T angle deviation may increase the risk for ventricular dysrhythmias. METHODS: We calculated the orientation of spatial QRS|T angle using QRS and T amplitudes of leads V2, V5, V6, and AVF from the National Health and Nutritional Examination Survey III. Cadmium concentration was measured in urine. We fit weighted unadjusted and adjusted logistic regressions to calculate odds ratios and their corresponding 95% confidence intervals...
June 13, 2018: Journal of Occupational and Environmental Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29905600/rehabilitation-for-cancer-survivors-how-we-can-reduce-the-healthcare-service-inequality-in-low-and-middle-income-countries
#17
Sumadi Lukman Anwar, Guritno Adistyawan, Wahyu Wulaningsih, Christoph Gutenbrunner, Boya Nugraha
Cancer diagnosis often substantially affects patient's physical, psychological, and emotional status. The majority of cancer patients experience declining of energy, activity levels, social-cultural participation and relationships. In addition, cancer progression and side effects of aggressive cancer treatment often cause debilitating pain, fatigue, weakness, joint stiffness, depression, emotional instability, limited mobility, poor nutritional status, skin breakdown, bowel dysfunction, swallowing difficulty, and lymphedema leading into functional impairment and disability that can be addressed through rehabilitation care...
June 13, 2018: American Journal of Physical Medicine & Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29905590/are-college-students-told-by-health-care-providers-about-their-risk-factors-for-developing-diabetes
#18
Jennifer L Saylor, Christina J Calamaro, Thomas Hardie, Michelle Ness, Janice Selekman
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: Communication about risk factors for diabetes between nurse practitioners and college students may not be occurring as the prevalence of Type 2 diabetes increases. The purpose of this secondary analysis was to evaluate if college students are being told of their risk for diabetes based on known risk factors of weight, sleep, and depressive symptoms. METHODS: Descriptive, cross-sectional study was completed using National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey 2011-2012...
June 4, 2018: Journal of the American Association of Nurse Practitioners
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29905564/-the-influence-of-unbalanced-nutrition-of-pregnant-rats-on-the-content-of-biogenic-elements-in-the-enamel-and-blood-serum-of-their-offspring
#19
O Nikolayeva, O Pysmenna
Malnutrition of pregnant women can slow down dental tissue development in offspring, cause growth of tooth decay and other disruptions, associated with changes amount of biogenic elements (BE), which are received into child in the womb body. The aim of this study-determination of the BE in the enamel and blood serum of mother rats, who had unbalanced nutrition with excess or lack of nutrients during the pregnancy. The content of Ca, Mg, Cu, Fe, P and Zn was studied in 129 species 1- and 2-month offspring. Reduction of BE in the enamel and blood serum mote often exist and more raised in pups, whose prenatal development took place under a shortage of nutrients...
May 2018: Georgian Medical News
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29905537/surgical-treatment-of-bening-esophageal-strictures-after-corrosive-injuries
#20
V Boyko, S Savvi, A Korolevska, V Zhydetskyy, Y Novikov, S Bytiak, D Shuba
The research is based on the results of the examination and treatment of 156 patients who received treatment for extended benign esophageal strictures after corrosive injuries in the department of diseases of the esophagus and the gastrointestinal tract of the State Institution "V. T. Zaitsev Institute of General and Urgent Surgery of NAMS of Ukraine" for the period from 2000 to 2016. Surgical treatment by the developed in our hospital technique performed in the patients of the main group and the classical methods of surgery were used in the patients of comparison group...
May 2018: Georgian Medical News
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