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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28448546/opium-use-during-pregnancy-and-risk-of-preterm-delivery-a-population-based-cohort-study
#1
Siavash Maghsoudlou, Sven Cnattingius, Scott Montgomery, Mohsen Aarabi, Shahriar Semnani, Anna-Karin Wikström, Shahram Bahmanyar
BACKGROUND: Use of narcotic or "recreational" drugs has been associated with adverse pregnancy outcomes such as preterm delivery. However, the associations might be confounded by other factors related to high-risk behaviours. This is the first study to investigate the association between traditional opium use during pregnancy and risk of preterm delivery. METHOD AND FINDINGS: We performed a population-based cohort study in the rural areas of the Golestan province, Iran between 2008 and 2010...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28413168/prevalence-of-hiv-hbv-and-hcv-and-related-risk-factors-amongst-male-homeless-people-in-lorestan-province-the-west-of-iran
#2
Amin Doosti-Irani, Hamid Mokhaeri, Ali Chegini Sharafi, Mohammad Reza Aghasadeghi, Morteza Hajimiragha, Mohammad Saki, Mohammad Hassan Kayedi, Ehsan Mostafavi
BACKGROUND: Homeless people are at a higher risk of blood-born infectious diseases. The aim of this study was to estimate the prevalence of HIV, HBV, HCV and related risk factors among male homeless people. STUDY DESIGN: A cross-sectional study. METHODS: This study was conducted in Khorramabad City, western Iran from January to June 2015. A pre-designed validated questionnaire was used to collect the data on behavioral and other potential risk factors...
March 11, 2017: Journal of Research in Health Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28412823/epidemiologic-study-of-opium-use-in-pars-cohort-study-a-study-of-9000-adults-in-a-rural-southern-area-of-iran
#3
Mohammad Amin Fallahzadeh, Alireza Salehi, Mojtaba Naghshvarian, Mohammad Hossein Fallahzadeh, Hossein Poustchi, Sadaf G Sepanlou, Abdullah Gandomkar, Reza Malekzadeh
BACKGROUND: Opium is one of the most common substances used worldwide with variable epidemiologic features in different regions. This study was performed in southern Iran, to find the epidemiology of opium use and its association with different factors and diseases. METHODS: This cross-sectional study was performed on baseline data extracted from Pars Cohort Study performed in Valashahr, a rural area in southern Iran. For any subject, information was collected about demographic factors, some common diseases including heart disease, stroke and hypertension and the state of using opium, other substances and cigarettes...
April 2017: Archives of Iranian Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28359185/rat-s-polycystic-ovary-due-to-intraventromedial-hypothalamus-morphine-injection
#4
Rezvaneh Karimi, Manizheh Karami, MohammadReza Jalali Nadoushan
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVE: The most important alkaloid of opium family, morphine, may show unfavorable effect on the reproductive organs. This research investigated the effect of microinjection of morphine into the rat's ventromedial hypothalamus (VMH) on cystic genesis in the ovary and the health of neurons of VMH. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Female rats (Wistar, weighing 200-250 g) kept under standard conditions were cannulated under anesthesia by Stoelting stereotaxic instrument at the coordinates anterior-posterior: -1...
January 1, 2017: Reproductive Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28345829/high-fluoroquinolone-resistant-strains-of-helicobacter-pylori-in-the-golden-triangle
#5
Ratha Korn Vilaichone, Thawee Ratanachu ek, Pornpen Gamnarai, Phawinee Subsomwong, Tomahisa Uchida, Yoshio Yamaoka, Varocha Mahachai
Background and aims: Helicobacter pylori (H. pylori) infections, associated with fatal GI diseases such as gastric cancer and MALT lymphoma, remain a major health problem in ASEAN countries. The Golden triangle has long been known as one of Asia’s main opium-producing areas. There have been no prior studies of H. pylori infection in this area. The major objectives of this project were therefore to establish prevalence, antibiotic resistance patterns and associated predictive in the Golden triangle. Methods: We recruited dyspeptic patients in Chiang khong and Chiang saen districts, Chiangrai province of Thailand...
February 1, 2017: Asian Pacific Journal of Cancer Prevention: APJCP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28345328/esophageal-cancer-and-associated-factors-among-uzbek-turkmen-and-other-ethnic-groups-in-the-northern-part-of-afghanistan
#6
Mohammad Hassan Hamrah, Mohammad Shoaib Hamrah, Mitsuro Kanda, Junichi Sakamoto, Mohammad Hussain Hamrah, Asif Hami, Ahmad Edris Hamrah, Ahmad Elias Dahi, Mohammad Hashem Hamrah
Background: A high incidence rate of esophageal cancer has been observed in the Northern part of Afghanistan, particularly among those of Uzbek-Turkmen ethnicity. However, there is a paucity of published data from which to compare the prevalence of environmental risk factors for esophageal cancer between Uzbek-Turkmen and other ethnic groups. Thus, we investigated the prevalence of environmental risk factors associated with esophageal cancer in the Northern part of Afghanistan, focusing on ethnicity differences...
February 1, 2017: Asian Pacific Journal of Cancer Prevention: APJCP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28332859/magnesium-sulfate-mediate-morphine-administration-reduction-in-varicocelectomy-surgery
#7
Sedigheh Nadri, Hormoz Mahmoudvand, Mahmoud Reza Moradkhani
AIMS: Varicocelectomy is the most common operation carried out by doctors for male infertility treatment. The aim of varicocele treatment is to hinder the refluxing venous drainage to the testis, retaining arterial inflow, and lymphatic drainage. A lot of pain is generated after this surgery, and the use of opium should be reduced to nearest minimum, as all drugs are toxins. Thus the aim of the present study is to facilitate morphine usage reduction after varicocelectomy surgery. MATERIAL AND METHODS: One-hundred (100) patients who were varicocelectomy candidate were randomized into two groups: experimental group contain 50 patients and control group contain 50 patients as well...
March 23, 2017: Journal of Investigative Surgery: the Official Journal of the Academy of Surgical Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28330725/a-botanical-phytochemical-and-ethnomedicinal-review-of-the-genus-mitragyna-korth-implications-for-products-sold-as-kratom
#8
REVIEW
Paula N Brown, Jensen A Lund, Susan J Murch
ETHNOPHARMACOLOGICAL RELEVANCE: The genus Mitragyna (Rubiacaeae) has been traditionally used in parts of Africa, Asia and Oceania. In recent years, there has been increased interest in species of Mitragyna with the introduction of products to western markets and regulatory uncertainty. AIM OF THE STUDY: This paper reviewed the traditional ethnomedicinal uses of leaves for species belonging to the genus Mitragyna with reference to the botany and known chemistry in order to highlight areas of interest for products currently being sold as kratom...
March 18, 2017: Journal of Ethnopharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28263937/identifying-drug-drug-interactions-by-data-mining-a-pilot-study-of-warfarin-associated-drug-interactions
#9
Peter Wæde Hansen, Line Clemmensen, Thomas S G Sehested, Emil Loldrup Fosbøl, Christian Torp-Pedersen, Lars Køber, Gunnar H Gislason, Charlotte Andersson
BACKGROUND: Knowledge about drug-drug interactions commonly arises from preclinical trials, from adverse drug reports, or based on knowledge of mechanisms of action. Our aim was to investigate whether drug-drug interactions were discoverable without prior hypotheses using data mining. We focused on warfarin-drug interactions as the prototype. METHODS AND RESULTS: We analyzed altered prothrombin time (measured as international normalized ratio [INR]) after initiation of a novel prescription in previously INR-stable warfarin-treated patients with nonvalvular atrial fibrillation...
November 2016: Circulation. Cardiovascular Quality and Outcomes
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28229058/opium-addiction-and-risk-of-laryngeal-and-esophageal-carcinoma
#10
Mehdi Bakhshaee, Hamid Reza Raziee, Reza Afshari, Amin Amali, Mahmoud Roopoosh, Ali Lotfizadeh
INTRODUCTION: Cigarette smoking and alcohol consumption have a well-known effect on the development of upper aerodigestive tract carcinomas, but such a role for opium is questionable. This study was designed to assess the correlation between opium inhalation and cancer of the larynx and upper esophagus. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Fifty eight patients with laryngeal cancer, ninety eight patients with upper esophageal cancer and twenty seven healthy individuals with no evidence of head and neck or esophageal malignancies were selected from Otolaryngology and Radiation Oncology Department of Mashhad University of Medical Sciences...
January 2017: Iranian Journal of Otorhinolaryngology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28208284/detection-of-papaverine-for-the-possible-identification-of-illicit-opium-cultivation
#11
Rustin Y Mirsafavi, Kristine Lai, Neal D Kline, Augustus W Fountain, Carl D Meinhart, Martin Moskovits
Papaverine is a non-narcotic alkaloid found endemically and uniquely in the latex of the opium poppy. It is normally refined out of the opioids that the latex is typically collected for, hence its presence in a sample is strong prima facie evidence that the carrier from whom the sample was collected is implicated in the mass cultivation of poppies or the collection and handling of their latex. We describe an analysis technique combining surface-enhanced Raman spectroscopy (SERS) with microfluidics for detecting papaverine at low concentrations and show that its SERS spectrum has unique spectroscopic features that allows its detection at low concentrations among typical opioids...
February 7, 2017: Analytical Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28194329/understanding-breast-cancer-the-long-and-winding-road
#12
REVIEW
Kiven Erique Lukong
BACKGROUND: Despite a remarkable increase in the depth of our understanding and management of breast cancer in the past 50 years, the disease is still a major public health problem worldwide and poses significant challenges. The palpability of breast tumors has facilitated diagnosis and documentation since ancient times. The earliest descriptions of breast cancer date back to around 3500 BCE. For centuries to follow, theories by Hippocrates (460 BCE) and Galen (200 CE), attributing the cause of breast cancer to an "excess of black bile" and treatment options including the use of opium and castor oil, prevailed...
June 2017: BBA Clinical
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28166697/risk-factors-for-readmission-to-hospital-in-patients-with-tuberculosis-in-tehran-iran-three-year-surveillance
#13
Masoud Shamaei, Mozhgan Samiei-Nejad, Masoumeh Nadernejad, Parvaneh Baghaei
Tuberculosis (TB) is still a major health problem and TB hospital readmission could increase health system costs. In a retrospective study in a tertiary referral hospital for TB in Tehran, Iran, TB patients with readmission were evaluated. These TB patients in the index year who were then readmitted were compared with TB patients in the same year who were not readmitted during the follow-up period. One hundred and forty-six patients had hospital readmission within three-year follow-up with mean age of 51.6 years old of whom 78 patients (53...
January 1, 2017: International Journal of STD & AIDS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28138205/opium-withdrawal-delirium-two-case-reports
#14
Ravi C Sharma, Ramesh Kumar, Dinesh Dutt Sharma, Pankaj Kanwar
Two patients with opium dependence developed delirium during abstinence. The delirium resolved completely within 48-58 hours of appropriate treatment. Caution needs to be exercised during opioid detoxification in timely detecting and treating potentially life-threatening condition like delirium.
January 26, 2017: Psychopharmacology Bulletin
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28121474/elevated-levels-of-dna-methylation-at-the-oprm1-promoter-region-in-men-with-opioid-use-disorder
#15
Ghasem Ebrahimi, Gholamreza Asadikaram, Hamed Akbari, Mohammad Hadi Nematollahi, Moslem Abolhassani, Gholamabbas Shahabinejad, Leyla Khodadadnejad, Mohammad Hashemi
BACKGROUND: The mu-opioid receptor, encoded by mu-opioid receptor gene (OPRM1), has an important role in the development of addiction to opioids. Its aberrant reduction on the cell membrane is responsible, at least in part, for tolerance and physical dependence. OBJECTIVES: The present study was designed to identify the relationship between opium consumption and epigenetic mechanisms involved in opium addiction. METHODS: Genomic DNA was extracted from the peripheral blood of 66 men with opium use disorder and 57 healthy men as a control group...
January 25, 2017: American Journal of Drug and Alcohol Abuse
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28120592/profile-of-people-who-inject-drugs-in-tehran-iran
#16
Masoumeh Amin-Esmaeili, Afarin Rahimi-Movaghar, Maryam Gholamrezaei, Emran Mohammad Razaghi
The marked shift in the patterns of drug use in Iran, from opium smoking to injecting drug use, has led to serious health-related outcomes. This study was designed to explore characteristics of people who inject drugs (PWID) in Tehran, Iran. Nine hundred and four PWID were recruited from treatment and harm reduction facilities, as well as drug user hangouts in public areas in Tehran. Participants were interviewed using the Persian version of the World Health Organization Drug Injecting Study Phase II questionnaire...
December 2016: Acta Medica Iranica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28103979/-foreign-firms-and-dissemination-of-western-medicine-in-china-before-the-opium-war
#17
L P He, L Wang
From the beginning of the 19th century to the Opium War, by taking the advantages of free entering and departing China, and to protect themselves, the foreign firms introduced vaccination technique into China. This is the beginning of the introduction of western medicine to China. After 1807, following the arrival of protestant missionaries, foreign firms became the stronghold for the missionaries to conceal their missionary status so as to propagate the principles of Christianity. With the aid of the business firms employee's legal identity, the missionaries started their activities of delivering western medicines and practices...
November 28, 2016: Zhonghua Yi Shi za Zhi, Chinese Journal of Medical History
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28095031/the-role-of-drug-and-alcohol-use-and-the-risk-of-motor-vehicle-crashes-in-shiraz-iran-2014-a-case-crossover-study
#18
Narges Khanjani, Masoomeh Mousavi, Amirreza Dehghanian, Yunes Jahani, Hamid Souri
BACKGROUND: Traffic accidents and traffic-related injuries and mortality have become a major public health concern in Iran. This study aimed to examine the role of drug and alcohol use in motor vehicle accidents in Iran. METHODS: This case-crossover study was conducted on 441 drivers who survived a road traffic crash and were taken to the emergency department of Shahid Rajaee trauma hospital in Shiraz, southern Iran. Data were collected using checklists that included demographic characteristics and drug and alcohol use prior to driving...
January 17, 2017: Traffic Injury Prevention
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28059034/midazolam-plus-haloperidol-as-adjuvant-analgesics-to-morphine-in-opium-dependent-patients-a-randomized-clinical-trial
#19
Mohammad Afzalimoghaddam, Maryam Edalatifard, Amir Nejati, Mehdi Momeni, Nader Isavi, Ehsan Karimialavijeh
BACKGROUND: Tolerance to opioids among opium-dependent patients creates obstacles for proper pain management of these patients in the emergency department (ED). The aim of the present study was to investigate the efficacy of intramuscular (IM) haloperidol plus midazolam on morphine analgesia among opium-dependent patients. METHODS: Opium-dependent adults who were admitted to the ED for new-onset severe pain in the limbs or abdomen (within 24 hours of admission and a pain score of over six, using a numerical rating scale [NRS]) were recruited...
January 6, 2017: Current Drug Abuse Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28050181/factors-associated-with-depressive-symptoms-in-young-adults-with-coronary-artery-disease-tehran-heart-center-s-premature-coronary-atherosclerosis-cohort-thc-pac-study
#20
Seyed Hesameddin Abbasi, Seyed Ebrahim Kassaian, Saeed Sadeghian, Abbasali Karimi, Soheil Saadat, Flora Peyvandi, Arash Jalali, Tahereh Davarpasand, Shahin Akhondzadh, Nazila Shahmansouri, Masoumeh Lotfi-Tokaldany, Maryam Amiri Abchouyeh, Farah Ayatollahzade Isfahani, Frits Rosendaal
Objective: Depressed coronary artery disease (CAD) patients may experience a poorer prognosis than non-depressed patients. The aim of this study was to find the associated factors for depressive symptoms in young adults with CAD. Method: This was a cross-sectional study within Tehran Heart Center's Premature Coronary Atherosclerosis Cohort (THC-PAC) study. Young adult CAD patients (men ≤ 45 year-old and women ≤ 55 year-old) were visited from March 2013 to February 2014. Demographic, clinical and laboratory data were collected and all patients were asked to fill in the Beck Depression Inventory II...
October 2016: Iranian Journal of Psychiatry
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