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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28102860/psychological-interventions-for-irritable-bowel-syndrome-and-inflammatory-bowel-diseases
#1
Sarah Ballou, Laurie Keefer
Psychological interventions have been designed and implemented effectively in a wide range of medical conditions, including Irritable Bowel Syndrome (IBS) and Inflammatory Bowel Diseases (IBD). The psychological treatments for IBS and IBD with the strongest evidence base include: cognitive behavioral therapy, hypnosis, and mindfulness-based therapies. The evidence for each of these therapies is reviewed here for both IBS and IBD. In general, there is a stronger and larger evidence base to support the use of psychological interventions in IBS compared with IBD...
January 19, 2017: Clinical and Translational Gastroenterology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28102115/can-probiotics-modulate-human-disease-by-impacting-intestinal-barrier-function
#2
Peter A Bron, Michiel Kleerebezem, Robert-Jan Brummer, Patrice D Cani, Annick Mercenier, Thomas T MacDonald, Clara L Garcia-Ródenas, Jerry M Wells
Intestinal barrier integrity is a prerequisite for homeostasis of mucosal function, which is balanced to maximise absorptive capacity, while maintaining efficient defensive reactions against chemical and microbial challenges. Evidence is mounting that disruption of epithelial barrier integrity is one of the major aetiological factors associated with several gastrointestinal diseases, including infection by pathogens, obesity and diabetes, necrotising enterocolitis, irritable bowel syndrome and inflammatory bowel disease...
January 19, 2017: British Journal of Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28096305/epithelial-expression-and-function-of-trypsin-3-in-irritable-bowel-syndrome
#3
Claire Rolland-Fourcade, Alexandre Denadai-Souza, Carla Cirillo, Cintya Lopez, Josue Obed Jaramillo, Cleo Desormeaux, Nicolas Cenac, Jean-Paul Motta, Muriel Larauche, Yvette Taché, Pieter Vanden Berghe, Michel Neunlist, Emmanuel Coron, Sylvain Kirzin, Guillaume Portier, Delphine Bonnet, Laurent Alric, Stephen Vanner, Celine Deraison, Nathalie Vergnolle
OBJECTIVES: Proteases are key mediators of pain and altered enteric neuronal signalling, although the types and sources of these important intestinal mediators are unknown. We hypothesised that intestinal epithelium is a major source of trypsin-like activity in patients with IBS and this activity signals to primary afferent and enteric nerves and induces visceral hypersensitivity. DESIGN: Trypsin-like activity was determined in tissues from patients with IBS and in supernatants of Caco-2 cells stimulated or not...
January 17, 2017: Gut
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28094313/comparison-of-symptoms-healthcare-utilization-and-treatment-in-diagnosed-and-undiagnosed-individuals-with-diarrhea-predominant-irritable-bowel-syndrome
#4
Gregory S Sayuk, Ray Wolf, Lin Chang
OBJECTIVES: Irritable bowel syndrome (IBS) is a functional bowel disorder characterized by symptoms including abdominal pain and altered bowel function. Up to 75% of individuals with IBS may be undiagnosed. The aim of this study was to characterize symptoms, healthcare utilization, and treatments in populations with both diagnosed and undiagnosed IBS. METHODS: An online survey was conducted to compare gastrointestinal (GI) symptoms, healthcare visits, well-being, symptom management, and treatment satisfaction in individuals with and without medically diagnosed IBS (Rome III criteria)...
January 17, 2017: American Journal of Gastroenterology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28092724/the-pediatric-rome-iv-criteria-what-s-new
#5
Ilan J N Koppen, Samuel Nurko, Miguel Saps, Carlo Di Lorenzo, Marc A Benninga
Functional gastrointestinal disorders (FGIDs) are common in children of all ages and comprise of a wide range of conditions related to the gastrointestinal tract that cannot be attributed to structural or biochemical abnormalities. FGIDs are diagnosed according to the symptom-based Rome criteria. Areas covered: In 2016, the revised pediatric Rome IV criteria were published, these revised criteria are discussed in this review article. For the youngest age group (neonates/toddlers), the criteria for infant colic have undergone the most notable revisions...
January 16, 2017: Expert Review of Gastroenterology & Hepatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28092305/prevalence-and-impact-of-inflammatory-bowel-disease-irritable-bowel-syndrome-on-patient-reported-outcomes-in-ccfa-partners
#6
Maisa I Abdalla, Robert S Sandler, Michael D Kappelman, Christopher F Martin, Wenli Chen, Kristen Anton, Millie D Long
BACKGROUND: Inflammatory bowel disease (IBD) patients with persistent symptoms despite no or minimal inflammation are frequently described as having an overlap of IBD and irritable bowel syndrome (IBD-IBS). Limited data are available on how IBS impacts the individual patient with IBD. In this study, we aimed to evaluate the prevalence of IBD-IBS and investigate its impact on patient-reported outcomes. METHOD: We performed a cross-sectional analysis within the CCFA Partners Study...
January 12, 2017: Inflammatory Bowel Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28091973/mechanisms-on-spasmolytic-and-anti-inflammatory-effects-of-a%C3%A2-herbal-medicinal-product-consisting-of-myrrh-chamomile-flower-and-coffee-charcoal
#7
Cica Vissiennon, Karl-Heinz Goos, Jürgen Arnhold, Karen Nieber
Inflammatory bowel disease or irritable bowel syndrome are chronic gastrointestinal disorders which are associated with a lifelong therapeutic need. The disease results in physical, psychological, and social problems with an impact on partnership, sexuality, education, and career. Thus, the number of patients and health care professionals relying on traditional and complementary medicines and especially phytotherapy for the treatment of these chronic conditions is increasing over recent years. One traditional herbal medicinal product consisting of chamomile flower, myrrh, and coffee charcoal has been widely used in clinical practice within this indication area...
January 13, 2017: Wiener Medizinische Wochenschrift
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28088179/chronic-constipation-diagnosis-and-treatment-evaluation-the-chro-co-di-t-e-study
#8
Massimo Bellini, Paolo Usai-Satta, Antonio Bove, Renato Bocchini, Francesca Galeazzi, Edda Battaglia, Pietro Alduini, Elisabetta Buscarini, Gabrio Bassotti
BACKGROUND: According to Rome criteria, chronic constipation (CC) includes functional constipation (FC) and irritable bowel syndrome with constipation (IBS-C). Some patients do not meet these criteria (No Rome Constipation, NRC). The aim of the study was is to evaluate the various clinical presentation and management of FC, IBS-C and NRC in Italy. METHODS: During a 2-month period, 52 Italian gastroenterologists recorded clinical data of FC, IBS-C and NRC patients, using Bristol scale, PAC-SYM and PAC-QoL questionnaires...
January 14, 2017: BMC Gastroenterology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28087441/blastocystis-and-irritable-bowel-syndrome-frequency-and-subtypes-from-iranian-patients
#9
Shahram Khademvatan, Rahim Masjedizadeh, Fakher Rahim, Hamidreza Mahbodfar, Roya Salehi, Ehsan Yousefi-Razin, Masoud Foroutan
There are inconsistent findings about the role of Blastocystis infection in irritable bowel syndrome (IBS). The present study was aimed to determine the frequency of Blastocystis and their subtypes (ST) in patients with IBS. A total of 122 patients with IBS and 122 healthy individuals referred to the medical laboratory centers in Ahvaz (southwest of Iran) participated in the study. The frequency of Blastocystis was determined. Blastocystis genomic DNA was extracted from positive feces, and PCR was performed using seven primer pairs targeting the SSU rDNA gene...
January 10, 2017: Parasitology International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28087404/mood-and-anxiety-disorders-precede-development-of-functional-gastrointestinal-disorders-in-patients-but-not-in-the-population
#10
Michael P Jones, Jan Tack, Lukas Van Oudenhove, Marjorie M Walker, Gerald Holtmann, Natasha A Koloski, Nicholas J Talley
BACKGROUND & AIMS: Understanding the interactions between brain and gastrointestinal disorders requires analysis of the order of disease onset. We analyzed data from 2 independent studies to determine the proportion of individuals with diagnoses of functional gastrointestinal disorders (FGIDs) before diagnoses of mood or anxiety disorders (gut to brain), and vice versa (brain to gut). METHODS: We collected data from a retrospective study of 4966 patients diagnosed with a FGID (irritable bowel syndrome, dyspepsia, or constipation) and mood or anxiety disorder at general practices in the United Kingdom (health care seekers) over an average period of 13...
January 10, 2017: Clinical Gastroenterology and Hepatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28079624/damage-of-the-mucus-layer-the-possible-shared-critical-common-cause-for-both-inflammatory-bowel-disease-ibd-and-irritable-bowel-syndrome-ibs
#11
Xiaofa Qin
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 10, 2017: Inflammatory Bowel Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28079347/the-diagnostic-challenge-of-symptomatic-uncomplicated-diverticular-disease
#12
Cesare Cremon, Lara Bellacosa, Maria R Barbaro, Rosanna F Cogliandro, Vincenzo Stanghellini, Giovanni Barbara
Colonic diverticulosis is a common condition in Western industrialized countries occurring in up to 65% of people over the age of 60 years. Only a minority of these subjects (about 10- 25%) experience symptoms, fulfilling Rome criteria for irritable bowel syndrome (IBS) diagnosis (IBS-like symptoms) in 10 to 66% of cases. Symptomatic uncomplicated diverticular disease (SUDD) is a syndrome characterized by recurrent abdominal symptoms attributed to diverticula in the absence of macroscopically evident alterations other than the presence of diverticula...
January 12, 2017: Minerva Gastroenterologica e Dietologica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28078206/infectious-atopic-and-inflammatory-diseases-childhood-adversities-and-familial-aggregation-are-independently-associated-with-the-risk-for-mental-disorders-results-from-a-large-swiss-epidemiological-study
#13
Vladeta Ajdacic-Gross, Aleksandra Aleksandrowicz, Stephanie Rodgers, Margot Mutsch, Anja Tesic, Mario Müller, Wolfram Kawohl, Wulf Rössler, Erich Seifritz, Enrique Castelao, Marie-Pierre F Strippoli, Caroline Vandeleur, Roland von Känel, Rosa Paolicelli, Markus A Landolt, Cornelia Witthauer, Roselind Lieb, Martin Preisig
AIM: To examine the associations between mental disorders and infectious, atopic, inflammatory diseases while adjusting for other risk factors. METHODS: We used data from PsyCoLaus, a large Swiss Population Cohort Study (n = 3720; age range 35-66). Lifetime diagnoses of mental disorders were grouped into the following categories: Neurodevelopmental, anxiety (early and late onset), mood and substance disorders. They were regressed on infectious, atopic and other inflammatory diseases adjusting for sex, educational level, familial aggregation, childhood adversities and traumatic experiences in childhood...
December 22, 2016: World Journal of Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28077608/-holiday-sickness-reported-exploratory-outcome-of-over-500-united-kingdom-holidaymakers-with-travellers-diarrhoea
#14
Prof Aali J Sheen, M Saad B Zahid, Andrew Fagbemi, Catherine Fullwood, Kathryn Whitehead
AIMS: To ascertain any predictors of potential food poisoning pathogens and development of post-infective irritable bowel syndrome (IBS) in UK travellers. An analysis was undertaken on prospectively collected data on 527 patients reporting symptoms of suspected food poisoning between June 2012 and June 2015. MAIN OUTCOME MEASURES: Positive stool sample indicative of food poisoning pathogens and diagnosis of post-infective IBS. RESULTS: Data on 527 patients were examined...
January 2017: Journal of Travel Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28074518/editorial-increased-expression-of-nerve-growth-factor-correlates-with-visceral-hypersensitivity-and-impaired-gut-barrier-function-in-diarrhoea-predominant-irritable-bowel-syndrome-authors-reply
#15
EDITORIAL
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28074514/editorial-increased-expression-of-nerve-growth-factor-correlates-with-visceral-hypersensitivity-and-impaired-gut-barrier-function-in-diarrhoea-predominant-irritable-bowel-syndrome
#16
EDITORIAL
S M P Bennet, H Törnblom
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
February 2017: Alimentary Pharmacology & Therapeutics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28074509/editorial-volatile-organic-compounds-in-irritable-bowel-syndrome-technology-for-an-accurate-and-reliable-point-of-care-test
#17
EDITORIAL
R Sood, A C Ford
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
February 2017: Alimentary Pharmacology & Therapeutics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28070176/advances-in-ibs-2016-a-review-of-current-and-emerging-data
#18
Philip S Schoenfeld
Irritable bowel syndrome (IBS) is characterized by chronic intermittent abdominal pain and associated diarrhea (IBS-D), constipation (IBS-C), or both. IBS can significantly impact patient function and quality of life. The diagnosis of IBS is based on the presence of characteristic symptoms, the exclusion of concerning features, and selected tests to exclude organic diseases that can mimic IBS. The pathophysiology of IBS remains incompletely understood, and new contributing factors have been identified over the past decade...
August 2016: Gastroenterology & Hepatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28069350/prevalence-risk-factors-and-outcomes-of-irritable-bowel-syndrome-after-infectious-enteritis-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#19
Fabiane Klem, Akhilesh Wadhwa, Larry Prokop, Wendy Sundt, Gianrico Farrugia, Michael Camilleri, Siddharth Singh, Madhusudan Grover
BACKGROUND & AIMS: Foodborne illness affects 15% of the United States population each year and is a risk factor for irritable bowel syndrome (IBS). We evaluated risk of, risk factors for, and outcomes of IBS after infectious enteritis METHODS: We performed a systematic review of electronic databases from 1994 through August 31, 2015 to identify cohort studies of the prevalence of IBS 3 months or more after infectious enteritis. We used random effects meta-analysis to calculate the summary point prevalence of IBS after infectious enteritis, as well as relative risk (compared to individuals without infectious enteritis) and host- and enteritis-related risk factors...
January 6, 2017: Gastroenterology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28068788/a-double-blind-randomized-placebo-controlled-trial-of-lactobacillus-helveticus-and-bifidobacterium-longum-for-the-symptoms-of-depression
#20
Amy R Romijn, Julia J Rucklidge, Roeline G Kuijer, Chris Frampton
OBJECTIVES: This trial investigated whether probiotics improved mood, stress and anxiety in a sample selected for low mood. We also tested whether the presence or severity of irritable bowel syndrome symptoms, and levels of proinflammatory cytokines, brain-derived neurotrophic factor and other blood markers, would predict or impact treatment response. METHOD: Seventy-nine participants (10 dropouts) not currently taking psychotropic medications with at least moderate scores on self-report mood measures were randomly allocated to receive either a probiotic preparation (containing Lactobacillus helveticus and Bifidobacterium longum) or a matched placebo, in a double-blind trial for 8 weeks...
January 1, 2017: Australian and New Zealand Journal of Psychiatry
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