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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27898486/reply-to-preoperative-fluid-loading-in-major-abdominal-surgery
#1
Ana B Serrano, Ángel Manuel Candela-Toha, Alfonso Muriel, Fernando Liaño
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 2017: European Journal of Anaesthesiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27897040/identification-of-novel-genes-by-whole-exome-sequencing-can-improve-gastric-cancer-precision-oncology
#2
Georgios D Lianos, Georgios K Glantzounis, Christina D Bali, Christos Katsios, Dimitrios H Roukos
AIM: By identifying cancer driver genes involved in tumorigenesis, whole-exome sequencing (WES) analyses enable the development of robust biomarkers and novel therapeutic targets to reach precision oncology. PATIENTS & METHODS: WES analyses were performed in matched gastric cancer-normal gastric tissues from two patients. We compared genes highlighted with those of a database and recent WES/whole-genome sequencing studies. RESULTS: We identified 32 highlighted gastric cancer genes, two of these (DEFB118 and RNF43) may provide future potential clinical implications...
November 29, 2016: Future Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27817875/photoelectrochemical-cell-for-simultaneous-electricity-generation-and-heavy-metals-recovery-from-wastewater
#3
Dawei Wang, Yi Li, Gianluca Li Puma, Panagiotis Lianos, Chao Wang, Peifang Wang
The feasibility of simultaneous recovery of heavy metals from wastewater (e.g., acid mining and electroplating) and production of electricity is demonstrated in a novel photoelectrochemical cell (PEC). The photoanode of the cell bears a nanoparticulate titania (TiO2) film capped with the block copolymer [poly(ethylene glycol)-b-poly(propylene glycol)-b-poly(ethylene glycol)] hole scavenger, which consumed photogenerated holes, while the photogenerated electrons transferred to a copper cathode reducing dissolved metal ions and produced electricity...
February 5, 2017: Journal of Hazardous Materials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27809605/from-bench-to-operating-theater-has-the-time-come-for-a-molecular-scalpel
#4
George Vartholomatos, George A Alexiou, Georgios D Lianos, Athanasios P Kyritsis
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 2017: Future Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27798989/maternal-environmental-risk-factors-for-congenital-hydrocephalus-a-systematic-review
#5
Aristotelis V Kalyvas, Theodosis Kalamatianos, Mantha Pantazi, Georgios D Lianos, George Stranjalis, George A Alexiou
OBJECTIVE Congenital hydrocephalus (CH) is one of the most frequent CNS congenital malformations, representing an entity with serious pathological consequences. Although several studies have previously assessed child-related risk factors associated with CH development, there is a gap of knowledge on maternal environmental risk factors related to CH. The authors have systematically assessed extrinsic factors in the maternal environment that potentially confer an increased risk of CH development. METHODS The Cochrane Library, MEDLINE, and EMBASE were systematically searched for works published between 1966 and December 2015 to identify all relevant articles published in English...
November 2016: Neurosurgical Focus
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27778153/phenotypic-characterization-of-a-novel-ho-1-depletion-model-in-the-rat
#6
Vassilios Atsaves, Maria G Detsika, Elpida Poulaki, Hara Gakiopoulou, Elias A Lianos
Although the protective role of HO-1 induction in various forms of kidney disease is well established, mechanisms other than heme catabolism to biliverdin, bilirubin and carbon monoxide have recently been identified. Unraveling these mechanisms requires the generation of appropriate animal models. The present study describes the generation of a HO-1 deficient Hmox1 (-/-) rat model and characterizes its renal and extrarenal phenotype. Hmox1 (-/-) rats had growth retardation and splenomegaly compared to their Hmox1 (+/+) littermates...
October 24, 2016: Transgenic Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27771241/botulinum-toxin-for-treatment-of-restrictive-strabismus
#7
Pilar S Merino, Rebeca E Vera, Laura G Mariñas, Pilar S Gómez de Liaño, Jose V Escribano
PURPOSE: To study the types of acquired restrictive strabismus treated in a tertiary hospital and the outcome of treatment with botulinum toxin. METHODS: We performed a 10-year retrospective study of patients with restrictive strabismus aged ≥18 years who were treated with botulinum toxin. Treatment was considered successful if the final vertical deviation was ≤5 PD, horizontal deviation ≤10 PD, with no head turn or diplopia. RESULTS: We included 27 cases (mean age, 61...
October 19, 2016: Journal of Optometry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27662796/heme-oxygenase-1-up-regulates-glomerular-decay-accelerating-factor-expression-and-minimizes-complement-deposition-and-injury
#8
Maria G Detsika, Pu Duann, Vassilios Atsaves, Apostolos Papalois, Elias A Lianos
Complement-activation controllers, including decay accelerating factor (DAF), are gaining emphasis as they minimize injury in various dysregulated complement-activation disorders, including glomerulopathies. Heme oxygenase (HO)-1 overexpression or induction has been shown to attenuate injury in complement-dependent models of glomerulonephritis. This study investigated whether up-regulation of DAF by heme oxygenase 1 (HO-1) is an underlying mechanism by using Hmox-1-deficient rats (Hmox1(+/-); Hmox1(-/-)) or rats with Hmox-1 overexpression targeted to glomerular epithelial cells (GEC(Hmox-1)), which are particularly vulnerable to complement-mediated injury owing to their terminally differentiated nature...
September 20, 2016: American Journal of Pathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27603723/computational-study-of-aqueous-humor-dynamics-assessing-the-vault-and-the-pupil-diameter-in-two-posterior-chamber-phakic-lenses
#9
José Ignacio Fernández-Vigo, Ana Macarro-Merino, Joaquín Fernández-Francos, Lucía De-Pablo-Gómez-de-Liaño, José María Martínez-de-la-Casa, Julián García-Feijóo, José Ángel Fernández-Vigo
PURPOSE: To compare the behavior of aqueous humor (AH) and analyze flow differences by comparing the volume and velocity of the flow after two different models of implantable collamer lens (ICL) placement. METHODS: Computational fluid dynamics with numerical simulation using Ansys Fluent software was performed to compare the AH flow through a peripheral iridotomy (PI), which is typically performed after implantation of a V4b lens to the central hole of a V4c lens...
September 1, 2016: Investigative Ophthalmology & Visual Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27588501/mxd1-localizes-in-the-nucleolus-binds-ubf-and-impairs-rrna-synthesis
#10
M Carmen Lafita-Navarro, Rosa Blanco, Jorge Mata-Garrido, Judit Liaño-Pons, Olga Tapia, Lucía García-Gutiérrez, Eva García-Alegría, María T Berciano, Miguel Lafarga, Javier León
MXD1 is a protein that interacts with MAX, to form a repressive transcription factor. MXD1-MAX binds E-boxes. MXD1-MAX antagonizes the transcriptional activity of the MYC oncoprotein in most models. It has been reported that MYC overexpression leads to augmented RNA synthesis and ribosome biogenesis, which is a relevant activity in MYC-mediated tumorigenesis. Here we describe that MXD1, but not MYC or MNT, localizes to the nucleolus in a wide array of cell lines derived from different tissues (carcinoma, leukemia) as well as in embryonic stem cells...
August 31, 2016: Oncotarget
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27542524/complications-of-augmented-superior-rectus-transposition-in-duane-syndrome
#11
P Merino, P Gómez de Liaño, Y Ah Kim
CLINICAL CASE: A patient diagnosed with Duane syndrome underwent an augmented superior rectus transposition (SRT) to lateral rectus (LR) and medial rectus (MR) recession. Vertical, torsional deviation and diplopia were observed post-operatively. Removal of the Foster suture and superior rectus recession resolved the symptoms. DISCUSSION: SRT to LR is proposed in Duane syndrome with a favorable outcome. The benefit of SRT is open to debate. It could be an alternative for the vertical rectus transposition when MR recession has to be operated on in the same procedure, or in the immediate post-operative period, in order to decrease the risk of anterior segment ischaemia...
August 16, 2016: Archivos de la Sociedad Española de Oftalmología
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27442135/glomerular-epithelial-cells-targeted-heme-oxygenase-1-over-expression-in-the-rat-attenuation-of-proteinuria-in-secondary-but-not-primary-injury
#12
Vassilios Atsaves, Panagiota Makri, Maria G Detsika, Alexandra Tsirogianni, Elias A Lianos
BACKGROUND/AIMS: Induction of heme oxygenase 1 (HO-1) in glomerular epithelial cells (GEC) in response to injury is poor and this may be a disadvantage. We, therefore, explored whether HO-1 overexpression in GEC can reduce proteinuria induced by puromycin aminonucleoside (PAN) or in anti-glomerular basement membrane (GBM) antibody (Ab)-mediated glomerulonephritis (GN). METHODS: HO-1 overexpression in GEC (GECHO-1) of Sprague-Dawley rats was achieved by targeting a FLAG-human (h) HO-1 using transposon-mediated transgenesis...
2016: Nephron
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27434075/high-glucose-impairs-insulin-signaling-in-the-glomerulus-an-in-vitro-and-ex-vivo-approach
#13
Elias N Katsoulieris, Garyfalia I Drossopoulou, Eleni S Kotsopoulou, Dimitrios V Vlahakos, Elias A Lianos, Effie C Tsilibary
OBJECTIVE: Chronic hyperglycaemia, as seen in type II diabetes, results in both morphological and functional impairments of podocytes in the kidney. We investigated the effects of high glucose (HG) on the insulin signaling pathway, focusing on cell survival and apoptotic markers, in immortalized human glomerular cells (HGEC; podocytes) and isolated glomeruli from healthy rats. METHODS AND FINDINGS: HGEC and isolated glomeruli were cultured for various time intervals under HG concentrations in the presence or absence of insulin...
2016: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27338623/agreement-between-intraoperative-measurements-and-optical-coherence-tomography-of-the-limbus-insertion-distance-of-the-extraocular-muscles
#14
L de-Pablo-Gómez-de-Liaño, J I Fernández-Vigo, N Ventura-Abreu, L Morales-Fernández, J García-Feijóo, R Gómez-de-Liaño
OBJECTIVE: To assess the agreement between intraoperative measurements of the limbus-insertion distance of the extraocular muscles with those measured by spectral domain optical coherence tomography. METHODS: An analysis was made of a total of 67 muscles of 21 patients with strabismus. The limbus-insertion distance of the horizontal rectus muscles were measured using pre-operative SD-OCT and intra-operatively in 2 ways: 1) direct, after a conjunctival dissection in patients who underwent surgery, or 2) transconjunctival in patients who were treated with botulinum toxin, or in those who were not going to be operated...
December 2016: Archivos de la Sociedad Española de Oftalmología
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27332923/highly-similar-morphologies-between-chromosomes-bearing-u2-snrna-gene-clusters-in-the-group-astyanax-baird-and-girard-1854-characiformes-characidae-an-evolutionary-approach-in-species-with-2n%C3%A2-%C3%A2-36-46-48-and-50
#15
Diovani Piscor, Liano Centofante, Patricia Pasquali Parise-Maltempi
Repetitive sequences and their chromosomal locations have been widely studied in species of the Astyanax genus. However, the chromosomal organization of U2 snDNA remains largely unknown. The aims of this study were to examine the chromosomal contexts of U2 snRNA and 5S rRNA genes in Astyanax species and determine the degree of chromosome morphological similarity between species with different diploid numbers. Clusters of U2 snDNA and 5S rDNA were determined in nine species of Astyanax, including two karyomorphs of Astyanax fasciatus Cuvier, 1819...
December 2016: Zebrafish
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27283892/the-role-of-portal-vein-embolization-in-the-surgical-management-of-primary-hepatobiliary-cancers-a-systematic-review
#16
G K Glantzounis, E Tokidis, S-P Basourakos, E E Ntzani, G D Lianos, G Pentheroudakis
BACKGROUND: Primary liver and biliary cancers are very aggressive tumors. Surgical treatment is the main option for cure or long term survival. The main purpose of this systematic review is to underline the indications for portal vein embolization (PVE), in patients with inadequate future liver remnant (FLR) and to analyze other parameters such as resection rate, morbidity, mortality, survival after PVE and hepatectomy for primary hepatobiliary tumors. Also the role of trans-arterial chemoembolization (TACE) before PVE, is investigated...
June 1, 2016: European Journal of Surgical Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27255989/age-related-distance-esotropia-clinical-features-and-therapeutic-outcomes
#17
P Gómez de Liaño Sánchez, G Olavarri González, P Merino Sanz, J C Escribano Villafruela
OBJECTIVE: To describe the clinical characteristics and surgical outcomes of a group of patients with age-related distance esotropia (ARDE). METHODS: A retrospective study was conducted on a consecutive case series of 16 adult patients diagnosed with ARDE between 2008 and 2015. The clinical features evaluated included mean age and gender, primary position deviations at distance and near, measured in prism dioptres (pd), treatment offered in each case, and post-surgical deviations...
December 2016: Archivos de la Sociedad Española de Oftalmología
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27251563/effect-of-heme-oxygenase-1-deficiency-on-glomerular-proteomics
#18
Maria G Detsika, Vasiliki Lygirou, Vassileios Frantzis, Jerome Zoidakis, Vassilios Atsaves, Elpida Poulaki, Hariklia Gakiopoulou, Antonia Vlahou, Elias A Lianos
BACKGROUND: The cytoprotective effect of heme oxygenase (HO)-1 in various forms of renal glomerular injury is established. However, little is known on the role of HO-1 in preserving glomerular structural/functional integrity in the absence of injury. The present study addressed this question in HO-1-deficient rats. METHODS: HO-1-deficient rats were generated using zinc finger nuclease-mediated HO-1 gene (Hmox1) disruption and studied. Glomeruli were isolated from HO-1-deficient (Hmox1-/-) rats and their wild type (WT) littermates for proteomic analysis...
2016: American Journal of Nephrology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27166792/spectral-domain-optical-coherence-tomography-to-assess-the-insertion-of-extraocular-rectus-muscles
#19
Lucía De-Pablo-Gómez-de-Liaño, José Ignacio Fernández-Vigo, Néstor Ventura-Abreu, Laura Morales-Fernández, Cristina Fernández-Pérez, Julián García-Feijóo, Rosario Gómez-de-Liaño
PURPOSE: To determine the distance of the horizontal rectus muscle insertion to the limbus using spectral domain optical coherence tomography (SD-OCT) and to evaluate whether results are correlated with sex, age, or axial length. METHODS: The right eyes of healthy, white subjects were imaged with SD-OCT. Subjects' sex and age were recorded, and axial length was measured using an optical biometer. The distance from the horizontal rectus insertion to the limbus was measured...
June 2016: Journal of AAPOS: the Official Publication of the American Association for Pediatric Ophthalmology and Strabismus
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27153058/autophagy-innate-immunity-and-tissue-repair-in-acute-kidney-injury
#20
REVIEW
Pu Duann, Elias A Lianos, Jianjie Ma, Pei-Hui Lin
Kidney is a vital organ with high energy demands to actively maintain plasma hemodynamics, electrolytes and water homeostasis. Among the nephron segments, the renal tubular epithelium is endowed with high mitochondria density for their function in active transport. Acute kidney injury (AKI) is an important clinical syndrome and a global public health issue with high mortality rate and socioeconomic burden due to lack of effective therapy. AKI results in acute cell death and necrosis of renal tubule epithelial cells accompanied with leakage of tubular fluid and inflammation...
May 3, 2016: International Journal of Molecular Sciences
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