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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29313409/adjustable-strabismus-surgery-under-topical-anesthesia-alignment-in-supine-vs-seated-position
#1
Pilar Merino Sanz Md PhD, Jorge Márquez Md, José Diogo Lourenço Md, Pilar Gómez De Liaño Md, Rosario Gómez De Liaño Md PhD, Cristina Vidal
PURPOSE: To compare ocular deviation in the operating room depending on whether the patient is in supine decubitus or seated after single-stage adjustable strabismus surgery under topical anesthesia. MATERIAL AND METHOD: We performed a prospective observational study of 30 patients with horizontal and/or vertical strabismus who underwent single stage adjustable strabismus surgery under topical anesthesia. Both distance and near deviation were evaluated before surgery, during surgery in both positions (seated and supine), and at 1 day, 1 month, and 3 months after surgery...
January 9, 2018: Strabismus
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29308460/improvement-of-the-photovoltaic-parameters-of-perovskite-solar-cells-using-a-reduced-graphene-oxide-modified-titania-layer-and-soluble-copper-phthalocyanine-as-a-hole-transporter
#2
Esmaiel Nouri, Mohammad Reza Mohammadi, Zong-Xiang Xu, Vassilios Dracopoulos, Panagiotis Lianos
Functional perovskite solar cells can be made by using a simple, inexpensive and stable soluble tetra-n-butyl-substituted copper phthalocyanine (CuBuPc) as a hole transporter. In the present study, TiO2/reduced graphene oxide (T/RGO) hybrids were synthesized via an in situ solvothermal process and used as electron acceptor/transport mediators in mesoscopic perovskite solar cells based on soluble CuBuPc as a hole transporter and on graphene oxide (GO) as a buffer layer. The impact of the RGO content on the optoelectronic properties of T/RGO hybrids and on the solar cell performance was studied, suggesting improved electron transport characteristics and photovoltaic parameters...
January 8, 2018: Physical Chemistry Chemical Physics: PCCP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29295793/agreement-between-pentacam-and-optical-coherence-tomography-in-the-assessment-of-iridocorneal-angle-width-in-a-large-healthy-population
#3
J I Fernández-Vigo, L De-Pablo-Gómez-de-Liaño, I Almorín-Fernández-Vigo, C Fernández-Vigo, A Macarro-Merino, J García-Feijóo, J Á Fernández-Vigo
PURPOSE: To analyze the agreement between Pentacam and optical coherence tomography (OCT) in the assessment of trabecular-iris angle (TIA) width in a large population of normal subjects. METHODS: A cross-sectional study was performed in 989 right eyes of 989 healthy subjects. The trabecular-iris angle (TIA) was measured in the temporal and nasal quadrants using the Pentacam (Oculus, Wetzlar, Germany), a device based on Scheimpflug technology and RTVue 100 OCT (Optovue, Fremont, CA, USA)...
December 30, 2017: Journal Français D'ophtalmologie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29258652/phonemic-feature-involvement-in-lexical-access-in-grades-3-and-5-evidence-from-visual-and-auditory-lexical-decision-tasks
#4
Karinne Sauval, Laetitia Perre, Séverine Casalis
Numerous studies have evidenced the involvement of the phonological code during visual word recognition not only in skilled adult readers but also in child readers. Moreover, in skilled adult readers, visual word processing has been shown to be sensitive to phonetic details such as phonemic features (e.g., manner of articulation, place of articulation, voicing and nasality in French) which are typically involved in phonological lexicon access during speech processing. In contrast, it is not known whether and when visual word recognition is affected by phonemic features during learning to read...
December 16, 2017: Acta Psychologica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29159509/the-role-of-socio-demographic-factors-in-depression-and-anxiety-of-patients-on-hemodialysis-an-observational-cross-sectional-study
#5
G Gerogianni, E Lianos, A Kouzoupis, M Polikandrioti, E Grapsa
PURPOSE: Depression and anxiety have high prevalence in patients on hemodialysis and are strongly associated with socio-economic factors. The aim of this study was to evaluate the prevalence of depression and anxiety in hemodialyzed patients in Greece and its association with socio-demographic factors. METHODS: Four hundred and fourteen (414) patients on hemodialysis (262 males and 152 females) from 24 dialysis centers in Greece participated in this observational cross-sectional study...
November 20, 2017: International Urology and Nephrology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29121694/right-sided-versus-left-sided-colectomies-for-cancer-surgical-outcomes-and-novel-considerations
#6
Matteo Lavazza, Stefano Rausei, Georgios D Lianos, Vincenzo O Pappalard, Francesco Frattini, Gianlorenzo Dionigi, Domenico Iovino, Francesca Rovera, Luigi Boni
INTRODUCTION: The aim of this study is to compare short-term outcomes of right versus left colectomies performed as a form of cancer treatment. MATERIALS AND METHODS: This study includes 305 consecutive patients with adenocarcinoma treated by laparoscopic or open colectomy. Right colectomy has been compared with left colectomy. The study endpoints were the first flatus day, the first evacuation day, the first day of postoperative solid oral diet intake, and the postoperative hospital stay length...
November 9, 2017: Surgical Technology International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28947715/distinct-classical-and-molecular-cytogenetics-of-astyanax-marionae-and-a-fasciatus-characiformes-characidae-a-comparative-study-of-the-organization-of-heterochromatin-and-repetitive-genes
#7
Diovani Piscor, Liano Centofante, Patricia Pasquali Parise-Maltempi
Genus Astyanax is well distributed in Neotropical freshwater environments and its taxonomic position is uncertain, as is the case with other Characidae genera allocated in the group incertae sedis. This study aimed to analyse the karyotype of different populations of Astyanax fasciatus (Corumbataí River basin) using Giemsa staining, C-band technique, and fluorescence in situ hybridization for the H3 histone and 5S rRNA genes, in addition we describe for the first time the chromosomal organization of H3 histone and 5S rRNAgenes in A...
September 2017: Journal of Genetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28946962/high-temperatures-and-nephrology-the-climate-change-problem
#8
Alberto de Lorenzo, Fernando Liaño
It is well known that climate change greatly affects human health, even though there are few studies on renal outcomes. Heat waves have been found to increase cardiovascular and respiratory morbidity and mortality, as well as the risk of acute renal failure and hospitalisation due to renal diseases, with related mortality. Recurrent dehydration in people regularly exposed to high temperatures seems to be resulting in an unrecognised cause of proteinuric chronic kidney disease, the underlying pathophysiological mechanism of which is becoming better understood...
September 2017: Nefrología: Publicación Oficial de la Sociedad Española Nefrologia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28928880/in-surgical-colon-cancer-patients-extended-duration-thromboprophylaxis-30-days-with-the-highest-dose-of-tinzaparin-4-500-iu-s-c-q-d-normalizes-the-postoperative-vegf-levels
#9
Michail Mitsis, Panagiotis Koliou, Christina Bali, Evangelia Ntounousi, Vasileios Tatsis, Vasileios Nousias, Georgios D Lianos, Georgios Vartholomatos, Dimitrios Nastos
Background/Purpose: In colon cancer (CC) patients preoperative (pre-op) levels of VEGF-A165 (VEGF) is a strong predictor for disease recurrence. Elevated postoperative (post-op) VEGF levels could have undesirable effects by enhancing tumor growth and metastasis formation. It has been suggested that thromboprophylaxis with a Low Molecular Weight Heparin (LMWH) in surgical cancer patients, further to thromboembolic protection, may exert some anti-neoplastic properties, as well. The aim of our study was to assess the potential impact of the LMWH Tinzaparin (Innohep® - Leo Pharma, Copenhagen, Denmark), given at different doses and for different perioperative (peri-op) periods, upon the post-op variability of serum VEGF levels in surgical CC patients...
2017: Journal of Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28919950/chromosome-mapping-of-a-tc1-like-transposon-in-species-of-the-catfish-ancistrus
#10
Keteryne Rodrigues da Silva, Sandra Mariotto, Liano Centofante, Patricia Pasquali Parise-Maltempi
The Tc1 mariner element is widely distributed among organisms and have been already described in different species of fish. The genus Ancistrus (Kner, 1854) has 68 nominal species and is part of an interesting taxonomic and cytogenetic group, as well as presenting a variation of chromosome number, ranging from 2n=34 to 54 chromosomes, and the existence of simple and multiple sex chromosome system and the occurrence of chromosomal polymorphisms involving chromosomes that carry the nucleolus organizer region...
2017: Comparative Cytogenetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28917596/response-rate-to-chemotherapy-after-immune-checkpoint-inhibition-in-metastatic-urothelial-cancer
#11
Bernadett Szabados, Nick van Dijk, Yen Zhi Tang, Michiel S van der Heijden, Akhila Wimalasingham, Alfonso Gomez de Liano, Simon Chowdhury, Simon Hughes, Sarah Rudman, Mark Linch, Thomas Powles
Immune checkpoint inhibitors (ICIs) are active in metastatic urothelial carcinoma (MUC). They have joined chemotherapy (CT) as a standard of care. Here, we investigate the activity of CT after progression on ICIs. Two cohorts of sequential patients with MUC were described (n=28). Cohort A received first-line ICIs followed by CT after progression. Cohort B received CT after failure of first-line platinum-based CT followed by ICIs. Response rate (RR) to CT was assessed using Response Evaluation Criteria in Solid Tumors (RECIST v1...
September 13, 2017: European Urology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28820159/surgical-treatment-of-superior-oblique-palsy-predictors-of-outcome
#12
Pilar Merino Sanz, José Escribano, Pilar Gómez de Liaño, Rubén Yela
PURPOSE: The purpose of this study was to evaluate the incidence and outcome of surgically treated superior oblique palsy (SOP) and the factors involved in its resolution. METHODS: We performed a retrospective study of 76 patients who underwent surgery for SOP. We recorded data from the physical examination and the number and type of procedures performed. Favorable outcome was defined as resolution of or improvement in torticollis (≤5°) and diplopia in primary position (PP) and downgaze or as vertical deviation (VD) <5 prism diopters (pd) in PP and 10 pd in the oblique diagnostic position...
August 2017: Indian Journal of Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28743566/mortality-prediction-in-patients-with-acute-kidney-injury-requiring-renal-replacement-therapy-after-cardiac-surgery
#13
Inga Skarupskienė, Dalia Adukauskienė, Jurgita Kuzminskienė, Laima Rimkutė, Vilma Balčiuvienė, Edita Žiginskienė, Vytautas Kuzminskis, Agnė Adukauskaitė, Daiva Pentiokinienė, Inga Arūnė Bumblytė
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVE: Acute kidney injury (AKI) is a common and potentially serious postoperative complication after cardiac surgery, and it remains a cause of major morbidity and mortality. The aim of our study was to assess the prognostic illness severity score and to estimate the significant risk factors for poor outcome of patients with AKI requiring renal replacement therapy (RRT) after cardiac surgery. MATERIALS AND METHODS: We retrospectively analyzed data of adult (>18 years) patients (n=111) who underwent open heart surgery and had developed AKI with need for RRT...
2017: Medicina
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28743412/pseudoexfoliation-signs-in-the-anterior-segment-assessed-by-optical-coherence-tomography-and-scheimpflug-device
#14
J I Fernández-Vigo, L de-Pablo Gómez de Liaño, I Sánchez-Guillen, A Macarro-Merino, C Fernández-Vigo, J García-Feijóo, J A Fernández-Vigo
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate different anterior segment parameters in eyes with pseudoexfoliation (PSX), fellow eyes, and controls using optical coherence tomography and a Scheimpflug imaging system. METHODS: Three groups were studied: 44 eyes of 44 patients with PSX, 30 clinically unaffected fellow eyes, and 148 eyes of 148 healthy controls. The anterior chamber depth and volume, corneal volume and thickness, pupil diameter and corneal densitometry were measured using a Scheimpflug imaging system (Pentacam, Oculus Inc...
July 22, 2017: Archivos de la Sociedad Española de Oftalmología
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28734565/topical-brinzolamide-in-congenital-nystagmus-a-retrospective-study
#15
M Nieves-Moreno, L Morales Fernández, B Domingo Gordo, E Maillo, E Diaz, R Gómez-de-Liaño
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the effect of treatment with topical brinzolamide on visual acuity and nystagmus intensity in patients with congenital nystagmus. MATERIAL AND METHODS: A retrospective study was designed in which the clinical records of 14 patients with congenital nystagmus were reviewed. All patients underwent a complete ophthalmological examination and a Perea video-oculography (VOG) before, and three days after, initiation of treatment with topical brinzolamide (Azopt)...
July 19, 2017: Archivos de la Sociedad Española de Oftalmología
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28720313/binocular-diplopia-in-a-tertiary-hospital-aetiology-diagnosis-and-treatment
#16
P Merino, D Fuentes, P Gómez de Liaño, M A Ordóñez
OBJECTIVE: To study the causes, diagnosis and treatment in a case series of binocular diplopia. MATERIAL AND METHOD: A retrospective chart review was performed on patients seen in the Diplopia Unit of a tertiary centre during a one-year period. Diplopia was classified as: acute≤1 month since onset; subacute (1-6 months); and chronic (>6 months). Resolution of diplopia was classified as: spontaneous if it disappeared without treatment, partial if the course was intermittent, and non-spontaneous if treatment was required...
July 15, 2017: Archivos de la Sociedad Española de Oftalmología
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28719417/anterior-chamber-angle-and-trabecular-meshwork-measurements-made-by-fourier-domain-optical-coherence-tomography-in-healthy-white-children
#17
José I Fernández-Vigo, Lucía De-Pablo-Gómez-de-Liaño, Cristina Fernández-Vigo, Gabriel Arcos-Villegas, Cristina Fernández-Pérez, Julián García-Feijóo, José Á Fernández-Vigo
PURPOSE: To obtain anterior chamber angle and trabecular meshwork (TM) measurements by Fourier-domain optical coherence tomography (FD-OCT) in a population of healthy white children. MATERIALS AND METHODS: This was a cross-sectional study examining 409 right eyes of 409 children. Trabecular-iris angle (TIA) and TM length and area were measured by FD-OCT (RTVue 100) in the nasal and temporal quadrants to analyze correlations between angle or TM measurements and age, sex, and refractive error...
July 17, 2017: Journal of Glaucoma
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28706959/sensitivity-specificity-and-predictive-values-of-anterior-chamber-tap-in-cases-of-bacterial-endophthalmitis
#18
Carl Sjoholm-Gomez de Liano, Vidal F Soberon-Ventura, Guillermo Salcedo-Villanueva, Abril Santos-Palacios, Jose Luis Guerrero-Naranjo, Jans Fromow-Guerra, Gerardo García-Aguirre, Virgilio Morales-Canton, Raul Velez-Montoya
BACKGROUND: To assess the sensitivity, specificity, positive predictive value and negative predictive value of anterior chamber tap for the diagnosis of bacterial endophthalmitis on a population with high prevalence. METHODS: Retrospective, single centre, case series study. We reviewed all medical records with clinical diagnosis of bacterial endophthalmitis in our hospital from January 1st, 2000 to December 31st 2014. From each record, we documented general demographic data, best corrected visual acuity and vitreous and aqueous tap microbiological results...
2017: Eye and Vision (London, England)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28662940/impacts-of-implantable-collamer-lens-v4c-placement-on-angle-measurements-made-by%C3%A2-optical-coherence-tomography-two-year-follow-up
#19
José Ignacio Fernández-Vigo, Ana Macarro-Merino, Cristina Fernández-Vigo, José Ángel Fernández-Vigo, Lucía De-Pablo-Gómez-de-Liaño, Cristina Fernández-Pérez, Julián García-Feijóo
PURPOSE: To determine iridocorneal angle changes produced after 2 years of implantable collamer lens (ICL) V4c (STAAR Surgical AG, Nidau, Switzerland) placement by Fourier-domain optical coherence tomography (FD-OCT). DESIGN: Prospective interventional case series. METHODS: In 54 eyes of 27 myopic subjects FD-OCT iridocorneal angle measurements were made before and 1 month, 3 months, 1 year, and 2 years after ICL implant. Trabecular-iris angle (TIA), angle opening distance 500 μm from the scleral spur (AOD500), and iridotrabecular contact length (TICL) were compared among these time points and the nasal, temporal, and inferior quadrants...
September 2017: American Journal of Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28601401/orbital-magnetic-resonance-imaging-is-useful-in-age-related-distance-esotropia
#20
Pilar Gómez de Liaño Sanchez, Gloria Olavarri González, Pilar Merino Sanz, Jose C Escribano Villafruela
PURPOSE: To describe findings for orbital magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) in patients with age-related distance esotropia (ARDE). METHODS: We compared 31 orbital MRI from patients with ARDE (77±7 SD years) with 2 control groups: 32 orbits from individuals aged 18-50 years (33±8 SD years) and 16 orbits from individuals aged >60 years (77±7 SD years). MRI scans were acquired using 3D fast field echo in T1 sequence without fat saturation. Exclusion criteria for all groups were neurological or thyroid disease and a relevant ophthalmological history (e...
June 7, 2017: Journal of Optometry
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