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Reverse remodeling

Keisuke Inui, Kuniya Asai, Masaki Tachi, Aya Yoshinaga, Yuki Izumi, Yoshiaki Kubota, Koji Murai, Yayoi Tetsuou Tsukada, Yasuo Amano, Shinichiro Kumita, Wataru Shimizu
T1 mapping using cardiac magnetic resonance (CMR) is useful for myocardial assessment. However, its prognostic value is not well defined. The aim of this study was to determine whether T1 mapping with CMR can predict reverse cardiac remodeling in patients with non-ischemic dilated cardiomyopathy (NIDCM). We also investigated the predictive prognostic value of T1 mapping with CMR in these patients. We included 33 patients with NIDCM admitted to Nippon Medical School Hospital between February 2012 and October 2015...
March 20, 2018: Heart and Vessels
Danka Grčević, Marina Sironi, Sonia Valentino, Livija Deban, Hrvoje Cvija, Antonio Inforzato, Nataša Kovačić, Vedran Katavić, Tomislav Kelava, Ivo Kalajzić, Alberto Mantovani, Barbara Bottazzi
Pentraxin 3 (PTX3) is an inflammatory mediator acting as a fluid-phase pattern recognition molecule and playing an essential role in innate immunity and matrix remodeling. Inflammatory mediators also contribute to skeletal homeostasis, operating at multiple levels in physiological and pathological conditions. This study was designed to investigate the role of PTX3 in physiological skeletal remodeling and bone healing. Micro-computed tomography (μCT) and bone histomorphometry of distal femur showed that PTX3 gene-targeted female and male mice ( ptx3-/- ) had lower trabecular bone volume than their wild-type ( ptx3+/+ ) littermates (BV/TV by μCT: 3...
2018: Frontiers in Immunology
Ming Hu, Zhenhui Zhang, Bin Liu, Shuangwei Zhang, Renjie Chai, Xiaohua Chen, Tianyu Kong, Fangcheng Zhang, Jingzhi Zhang, Shiming Liu, Ningning Liu
BACKGROUND/AIMS: Cardiac hypertrophy is a major outcome and compensatory response of the cardiovascular system to hemodynamic and additional stress responses that ultimately lead to heart failure. Auranofin (Aur) has been used for treating rheumatic arthritis for several decades. Aur is a 19S proteasome-associated deubiquitinase inhibitor, and inhibition of the proteasome is speculated to reverse cardiac hypertrophy. However, the role of the deubiquitinases, especially 19S proteasome-associated deubiquitinases, in the regulation of cardiac remodeling remains poorly understood...
March 15, 2018: Cellular Physiology and Biochemistry
Tomotaka Kawayama, Takashi Kinoshita, Kazuko Matsunaga, Yoshiko Naito, Jun Sasaki, Yoshikazu Tominaga, Tomoaki Hoshino
Asthma is an allergic disease characterized by chronic airway inflammation, airway hyperresponsiveness (AHR), reversibility and remodeling. Inhaled corticosteroids (ICS) are effective in many patients with asthma. However, ICS are a controlling, but not but curative treatment, and there are still many patients with refractory and difficult-to-treat asthma. The evaluation of airway inflammation by induced sputum, non-specific AHR by methacholine, and asthmatic reactions by specific allergen challenge techniques are useful not only to investigate the pathogenesis of asthma but also to help develop new drugs for asthma management...
March 16, 2018: Kurume Medical Journal
Jin Tang, Lingying Luo
Pediatric asthma is still a health threat to the pediatric population in recent years. The airway remodeling induced by abnormal airway smooth muscle (ASM) cell proliferation is an important cause of asthma. MicroRNAs (miRNAs) are important regulators of ASM cell proliferation. Numerous studies have reported that miR-20b-5p is a critical regulator for cell proliferation. However, whether miR-20b-5p is involved in regulating ASM cell proliferation remains unknown. In this study, we aimed to investigate the potential role of miR-20b-5p in regulating the proliferation of fetal ASM cell induced by platelet-derived growth factor (PDGF)...
March 14, 2018: Biomedicine & Pharmacotherapy, Biomédecine & Pharmacothérapie
Alexander Schmeisser, Thomas Rauwolf, Ali Ghanem, Thomas Groscheck, Daniela Adolf, Frank Grothues, Katharina Fischbach, Ortrud Kosiek, Christof Huth, Siegfried Kropf, Stefan Lange, Blerim Luani, Jan Smid, Marc Henning Schäfer, Jens Schreiber, Ivan Tanev, Fabian Wengler, Naira Beniki Yeritsyan, Paul Steendijk, Ruediger C Braun-Dullaeus
BACKGROUND: Right ventricular (RV) dysfunction is recognized as a cardinal prognostic marker in systolic heart failure patients. Conflicting data exist on the interaction of RV function and left ventricular (LV) reverse remodeling after cardiac resynchronization therapy (CRT). This prospective monocentric trial was set up to assess the predictive value of baseline RV function and corresponding RV-pulmonary artery (PA) coupling on LV reverse remodeling after CRT. METHODS: 110 patients with a CRT indication were prospectively enrolled...
March 8, 2018: International Journal of Cardiology
Sven Persoon, Michael Paulus, Stephan Hirt, Carsten Jungbauer, Alexander Dietl, Andreas Luchner, Christof Schmid, Lars S Maier, Christoph Birner
Implantation of left ventricular assist devices (LVADs) as bridge to transplant in end-stage heart failure allows for analyzing reverse remodeling processes of the supported heart. Whether this therapy influences the cGMP-PKG signaling pathway, which is currently under thorough investigation for developing new heart failure therapeutics, is unknown. In fourteen end-stage heart failure patients (8 with dilated cardiomyopathy, DCM; 6 with ischemic cardiomyopathy, ICM) tissue specimens of left ventricles were collected at LVAD implantation and afterwards at receiver heart explantation, respectively...
March 15, 2018: Heart and Vessels
Benedikt Schrage, Daniel Kalbacher, Michael Schwarzl, Nicole Rübsamen, Christoph Waldeyer, Peter Moritz Becher, Eike Tigges, Daniel Burkhoff, Stefan Blankenberg, Edith Lubos, Ulrich Schäfer, Dirk Westermann
BACKGROUND: Percutaneous mitral valve edge-to-edge repair (pMVR) with a MitraClip is beneficial for the clinical symptoms of patients irrespective of the ejection fraction (EF). Nevertheless, the consequences on hemodynamics are poorly understood. Therefore, we used data from noninvasive pressure-volume loops to investigate the left ventricular (LV) remodeling of patients after pMVR dependent on their baseline EF. METHODS AND RESULTS: In 130 patients with successful pMVR, the end-diastolic pressure-volume relationship (EDPVR) and end-systolic pressure-volume relationship were estimated noninvasively from echocardiographic data...
March 15, 2018: Journal of the American Heart Association
Esra Gucuk Ipek, Siddharth Singh, Esperanza Viloria, Ted Feldman, Paul Grayburn, Elyse Foster, Atif Qasim
BACKGROUND: Although reverse remodeling of the left atrium (LA) has been shown after MitraClip placement in degenerative mitral regurgitation (MR), changes in LA strain and strain rate have not been evaluated in these patients or compared with surgical mitral valve repair. METHODS AND RESULTS: We included 87 subjects (mean age 59.7±12.3 years) with degenerative MR enrolled in the randomized EVEREST II trial (Endovascular Valve Edge-to-Edge Repair Study II). Baseline peak positive LA strain (ε) and strain rates along with longitudinal left ventricular strain (LV ε) were compared with 12-month follow-up measures...
March 2018: Circulation. Cardiovascular Imaging
Zhi Ruan, Hui Ma, Jing Li, Huiyong Liu, Haoruo Jia, Feng Li
Intervertebral disc degeneration is a complex disease involving genetic and environmental factors and multiple cellular processes. The role and expression of the lncRNA NEAT1 were assessed in intervertebral disc degeneration. NEAT1 expression was assessed in degenerative and control nucleus pulposus using RT-PCR. Western blotting and RT-PCR were also used to investigate p53 and p21 levels in nucleus pulposus tissues. NEAT1 function in degenerative nucleus pulposus cells was assessed with gain- and loss-of-function experiments...
January 1, 2018: Experimental Biology and Medicine
Danielle A Guimaraes, Madla A Dos Passos, Elen Rizzi, Lucas C Pinheiro, Jefferson H Amaral, Raquel F Gerlach, Michele M Castro, Jose E Tanus-Santos
Cardiac hypertrophy is a common consequence of chronic hypertension and leads to heart failure and premature death. The anion nitrite is now considered as a bioactive molecule able to exert beneficial cardiovascular effects. Previous results showed that nitrite attenuates hypertension-induced increases in reactive oxygen species (ROS) production in the vasculature. Whether antioxidant effects induced by nitrite block critical signaling pathways involved in cardiac hypertrophy induced by hypertension has not been determined yet...
March 9, 2018: Free Radical Biology & Medicine
Elda Favari, Michael J Thomas, Mary G Sorci-Thomas
The formation of the atherosclerotic plaque that is characterized by the accumulation of abnormal amounts of cholesterol-loaded macrophages in the artery wall is mediated by both inflammatory events and alterations of lipid/lipoprotein metabolism. Reverse transport of cholesterol (RCT) opposes the formation and development of atherosclerotic plaque through high density lipoprotein (HDL) metabolism, promoting the removal of cholesterol from peripheral macrophages and its delivery back to the liver for excretion into the bile...
March 8, 2018: Journal of Cardiovascular Pharmacology
Maryam Safahani, Hadi Aligholi, Farshid Noorbakhsh, Mahmoud Djalali, Hamideh Pishva, Sayed Mostafa Modarres Mousavi, Fatemeh Alipour, Ali Gorji, Fariba Koohdani
OBJECTIVE: Adult hypothalamic neurogenesis has been considered a central regulator of energy balance. Resveratrol (RSV), a natural polyphenol, influences the body fat mass and reduces the amount of adipose tissue. The present study was designed to evaluate the effect of RSV on dynamic of hypothalamic neurons in a diet-induced obesity model of mice. METHODS: Apoptosis, neurogenesis, the expression of the main trophic factors, and the fate of newborn cells were evaluated in the hypothalamus of adult male C57 BL/6 J mice fed a normal diet, a high-fat (HF) diet, or an HF diet supplemented with 400 mg/kg RSV (HF + RSV) for 6 wk...
December 2, 2017: Nutrition
Dong-Mei Wu, Yong-Jian Wang, Xin-Rui Han, Xin Wen, Lei Li, Lan Xu, Jun Lu, Yuan-Lin Zheng
In this study, we aim to investigate the role of tanshinone IIA in myocardial infarction (MI), especially in left ventricular remodelling (VR) and the underlying mechanism involving the TLR4/MyD88/NF-κB signalling pathway. Sprague-Dawley (SD) rats (n = 96) were selected, and 12 of them underwent sham surgery. The remaining 84 rats were subjected to MI modelling. HE and MT staining were carried out to estimate infract size, histopathological changes and fibrosis degree. Macrophage infiltration and cardiomyocyte apoptosis were evaluated by immunohistochemistry and TUNEL staining...
March 10, 2018: Journal of Cellular and Molecular Medicine
Wenjing Wu, Jiahui Li, Changan Yu, Yanxiang Gao, Shuying Fan, Xiaojun Ye, Yong Wang, Jingang Zheng
BACKGROUND: Left ventricular reverse remodeling (LVRR) in patients with ST-elevation myocardial infarction (STEMI) is associated with a good prognosis. Serum levels of ADAMTS-7 might be used for the prognosis of STEMI. This study aimed to investigate the relationship between serum ADAMTS-7 levels and LVRR. METHODS: This was a prospective study of 104 patients with STEMI who underwent revascularization and 63 controls. ADAMTS-7 serum levels were measured on days 1, 3, and 7 and in months 1 and 6 after STEMI...
March 10, 2018: European Journal of Medical Research
Almudena Trapero-Mozos, Laurence J M Ducreux, Craita E Bita, Wayne Morris, Cosima Wiese, Jenny A Morris, Christy Paterson, Peter E Hedley, Robert D Hancock, Mark Taylor
A powerful acquired thermotolerance response in potato was demonstrated and characterised in detail, showing the time course required for tolerance, the reversibility of the process and requirement for light. Potato is particularly vulnerable to increased temperature, considered to be the most important uncontrollable factor affecting growth and yield of this globally significant crop. Here, we describe an acquired thermotolerance response in potato, whereby treatment at a mildly elevated temperature primes the plant for more severe heat stress...
March 8, 2018: Planta
Yanjiao Li, Li Li, Zhengjiang Qian, Boya Lin, Jidong Chen, Yixuan Luo, Junle Qu, J Usha Raj, Deming Gou
BACKGROUND: Platelet-derived growth factor BB, a potent mitogen of pulmonary artery smooth muscle cells (PASMCs), has been implicated in pulmonary arterial remodeling, which is a key pathogenic feature of pulmonary arterial hypertension. Previous microRNA profiling in platelet-derived growth factor BB-treated PASMCs found a significantly downregulated microRNA, miR-1281, but it has not been associated with any cellular function, and we investigated the possibility. METHODS AND RESULTS: Real-time quantitative reverse transcription-polymerase chain reaction assay proved that downregulation of miR-1281 was a conserved phenomenon in human and rat PASMCs...
March 7, 2018: Journal of the American Heart Association
Liping Meng, Hiroyasu Uzui, Hangyuan Guo, Hiroshi Tada
Cardiac fibrosis is a major pathological manifestation of diabetic cardiomyopathy (DCM), which leads to cardiac remodeling, dilated cardiomyopathy and congestive heart failure. Human cardiac fibroblasts (HCF) constitute the predominant cell type in the heart and matrix metalloproteinases (MMPs) and tissue inhibitors of metalloproteinases (TIMPs) are also involved in cardiac fibrosis. However, it is unclear whether high glucose levels affect the expression of MMPs and TIMPs in HCF. Sodium‑glucose cotransporter (SGLT) inhibitors have been developed as therapeutic agents and the anti‑DCM effect of SGLT inhibitors has been demonstrated by previous studies...
March 6, 2018: Molecular Medicine Reports
Hamza Sunman, Uğur Canpolat, Hikmet Yorgun, Adem Özkan, Muhammet Ulvi Yalçın, Tülin Bayrak, Levent Şahiner, Ergün Barış Kaya, Asuman Özkara, Kudret Aytemir, Ali Oto
OBJECTIVE: Cardiac resynchronization therapy (CRT) induces structural and electrical reverse remodeling of the failing heart. However, the association between native QRS narrowing and cardiac fibrosis markers has not been investigated in patients with an implanted CRT device. METHODS: A total of 41 symptomatic patients diagnosed with systolic heart failure who underwent CRT implantation were included in this study. Electrocardiogram findings and cardiac fibrosis marker levels [galectin-3, growth-differentiation factor-15 (GDF-15) and procollagen III N-terminal propeptide (P3TD)] were collected before and 12 months after initiation of biventricular pacing...
March 2018: Türk Kardiyoloji Derneği Arşivi: Türk Kardiyoloji Derneğinin Yayın Organıdır
Caroline M Van De Heyning, Catherine De Maeyer, Nele Pattyn, Paul J Beckers, Véronique A Cornelissen, Kaatje Goetschalckx, Nadine Possemiers, Emeline M Van Craenenbroeck, Jens-Uwe Voigt, Luc Vanhees, Bharati Shivalkar
BACKGROUND: Increase of exercise capacity (peak VO2 ) after cardiac rehabilitation improves outcome in patients with coronary artery disease (CAD). Systolic and diastolic function have been associated with peak VO2 , but their role towards improvement of exercise capacity remains unclear. It is unknown which exercise intensity has the most beneficial impact on left ventricular (LV) geometry and function in CAD patients without heart failure. METHODS: 200 stable CAD patients without heart failure were randomized to 3months of aerobic interval training (AIT) or aerobic continuous training (ACT)...
April 15, 2018: International Journal of Cardiology
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