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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29753288/toxicity-of-carbon-nanomaterials-to-plants-animals-and-microbes-recent-progress-from-2015-present
#1
REVIEW
Ming Chen, Shuang Zhou, Yi Zhu, Yingzhu Sun, Guangming Zeng, Chunping Yang, Piao Xu, Ming Yan, Zhifeng Liu, Wei Zhang
Nanotechnology has gained significant development over the past decades, which led to the revolution in the fields of information, medicine, industry, food security and aerospace aviation. Nanotechnology has become a new research hot spot in the world. However, we cannot only pay attention to its benefit to the society and economy, because its wide use has been bringing potential environmental and health effects that should be noticed. This paper reviews the recent progress from 2015-present in the toxicity of various carbon nanomaterials to plants, animals and microbes, and lays the foundation for further study on the environmental and ecological risks of carbon nanomaterials...
May 4, 2018: Chemosphere
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29730774/in-flight-cardiac-arrest-and-in-flight-cardiopulmonary-resuscitation-during-commercial-air-travel-consensus-statement-and-supplementary-treatment-guideline-from-the-german-society-of-aerospace-medicine-dglrm
#2
Jochen Hinkelbein, Lennert Böhm, Stefan Braunecker, Harald V Genzwürker, Steffen Kalina, Fabrizio Cirillo, Matthieu Komorowski, Andreas Hohn, Jörg Siedenburg, Michael Bernhard, Ilse Janicke, Christoph Adler, Stefanie Jansen, Eckard Glaser, Pawel Krawczyk, Mirko Miesen, Janusz Andres, Edoardo De Robertis, Christopher Neuhaus
By the end of the year 2016, approximately 3 billion people worldwide travelled by commercial air transport. Between 1 out of 14,000 and 1 out of 50,000 passengers will experience acute medical problems/emergencies during a flight (i.e., in-flight medical emergency). Cardiac arrest accounts for 0.3% of all in-flight medical emergencies. So far, no specific guideline exists for the management and treatment of in-flight cardiac arrest (IFCA). A task force with clinical and investigational expertise in aviation, aviation medicine, and emergency medicine was created to develop a consensus based on scientific evidence and compiled a guideline for the management and treatment of in-flight cardiac arrests...
May 5, 2018: Internal and Emergency Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29679839/xenon-detection-in-human-blood-analytical-validation-by-accuracy-profile-and-identification-of-critical-storage-parameters
#3
Cécile Frampas, Julia Ney, Mark Coburn, Marc Augsburger, Vincent Varlet
Xenon is a rare, mostly inert, noble gas that has applications in a wide range of fields, including medicine. Xenon acts on the human body as a useful organ-protective and anesthetic agent and has also been previously studied for potential applications in fields such as optics, aerospace and medical imaging. Recently, it was discovered that xenon can boost erythropoietin production, and it has been used as a performance-enhancing agent in international sports competitions such as the Sochi Olympic Games. Therefore, screening methods to detect the misuse of xenon by analysis of biological samples and to monitor anesthesia kinetics and efficiency are being investigated...
April 13, 2018: Journal of Forensic and Legal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29673439/this-month-in-aerospace-medicine-history
#4
(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
May 1, 2018: Aerospace Medicine and Human Performance
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29673433/metabolic-syndrome-in-the-german-air-force-prevalence-and-associations-with-bmi-and-physical-fitness
#5
Frank Weber
BACKGROUND: Metabolic syndrome is a cluster of metabolic abnormalities that can affect a pilot's health. The aim of the study was to establish the prevalence of metabolic syndrome in the German Air Force. METHODS: All German military pilots are examined regularly at the German Air Force Center of Aerospace Medicine. The data are stored in a special database designed for that purpose. A database query was performed. The following parameters were analyzed: age, duration of observation, BMI, physical working capacity (PWC 170), blood pressure, erythrocyte sedimentation rate (ESR), cholesterol, HDL-cholesterol, triglycerides, fasting blood glucose...
May 1, 2018: Aerospace Medicine and Human Performance
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29628883/achieving-accurate-automatic-sleep-staging-on-manually-pre-processed-eeg-data-through-synchronization-feature-extraction-and-graph-metrics
#6
Panteleimon Chriskos, Christos A Frantzidis, Polyxeni T Gkivogkli, Panagiotis D Bamidis, Chrysoula Kourtidou-Papadeli
Sleep staging, the process of assigning labels to epochs of sleep, depending on the stage of sleep they belong, is an arduous, time consuming and error prone process as the initial recordings are quite often polluted by noise from different sources. To properly analyze such data and extract clinical knowledge, noise components must be removed or alleviated. In this paper a pre-processing and subsequent sleep staging pipeline for the sleep analysis of electroencephalographic signals is described. Two novel methods of functional connectivity estimation (Synchronization Likelihood/SL and Relative Wavelet Entropy/RWE) are comparatively investigated for automatic sleep staging through manually pre-processed electroencephalographic recordings...
2018: Frontiers in Human Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29562977/this-month-in-aerospace-medicine-history
#7
(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
April 1, 2018: Aerospace Medicine and Human Performance
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29562976/this-month-in-aerospace-medicine-history
#8
(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
April 1, 2018: Aerospace Medicine and Human Performance
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29562963/civil-air-patrol-and-aerospace-medicine
#9
Valerie E Martindale
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
April 1, 2018: Aerospace Medicine and Human Performance
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29470044/polycrystalline-diamond-coating-of-additively-manufactured-titanium-for-biomedical-applications
#10
Aaqil Rifai, Nhiem Tran, Desmond W Lau, Aaron Elbourne, Hualin Zhan, Alastair D Stacey, Edwin L H Mayes, Avik Sarker, Elena P Ivanova, Russell J Crawford, Phong A Tran, Brant C Gibson, Andrew D Greentree, Elena Pirogova, Kate Fox
Additive manufacturing using selective laser melted titanium (SLM-Ti) is used to create bespoke items across many diverse fields such as medicine, defense, and aerospace. Despite great progress in orthopedic implant applications, such as for "just in time" implants, significant challenges remain with regards to material osseointegration and the susceptibility to bacterial colonization on the implant. Here, we show that polycrystalline diamond coatings on these titanium samples can enhance biological scaffold interaction improving medical implant applicability...
March 14, 2018: ACS Applied Materials & Interfaces
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29463366/the-interplay-between-nanoparticles-and-neutrophils
#11
Ming-Hsien Lin, Chwan-Fwu Lin, Shih-Chun Yang, Chi-Feng Hung, Jia-You Fang
The employment of nanoparticles has markedly increased in recent years for different applications such as aerospace technology, electronics, biology, and medicine. The exposure of nanoparticles to humans is inevitable nowadays. Neutrophils act as the predominant phagocytic cells for first-line defense to be recruited to an inflammatory site against xenobiotics. It is important to explore how neutrophils interact with nanoparticles to elicit immune responses. Different types of nanoparticles have been studied to reveal a potential interaction to neutrophils in vitro and in vivo...
January 1, 2018: Journal of Biomedical Nanotechnology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29463362/this-month-in-aerospace-medicine-history
#12
(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
February 1, 2018: Aerospace Medicine and Human Performance
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29386715/aeromedical-solutions-for-aerospace-safety
#13
Pawan Kapoor, Deepak Gaur
All facets of activity in the speciality of Aviation Medicine are essentially aimed at enhancing aerospace safety. This paper highlights some innovative changes brought about by Aerospace Medicine in the three major fields of the speciality namely, medical evaluation, aeromedical training and research. Based on lab and field studies, military aircrew are now permitted flying with Modifinil as 'Go' Pill and Zolpidem as 'No-Go' Pill during sustained operations. Several other drugs for disabilities like Hypertension and CAD are now permitted for aviators...
October 2017: Medical Journal, Armed Forces India
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29369940/a-case-study-of-the-ncrp-156-wound-model-of-embedded-du-using-data-from-urine-uranium-concentrations-of-wounded-veterans
#14
Michael T Walkingstick, Eric S Krage, Richard R Brey
Depleted uranium (DU) munitions were initially used by the United States (U.S.) military during the first Persian Gulf War in 1991 in order to penetrate heavily armored vehicles. However, as a result of friendly fire, several U.S. military personnel received intakes from DU munitions. One of the ongoing concerns for these wounded veterans is the potential long-term exposure received from DU embedded fragments. The United States Army Institute of Public Health (AIPH) is the first laboratory that analyzes the urine bioassays from Army Soldiers that are injured with DU fragments...
March 2018: Health Physics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29233251/this-month-in-aerospace-medicine-history
#15
(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 1, 2018: Aerospace Medicine and Human Performance
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29176079/if-the-framingham-heart-study-did-not-invent-the-risk-factor-who-did
#16
David Shumway Jones, Gerald M Oppenheimer
Most historians, epidemiologists, and physicians credit the Framing-ham Heart Study for introducing the term "risk factor" to public health and medicine. Many add that the term came from life insurance companies. This familiar history is incorrect. Taking advantage of the expanding availability of digitized and full-text searchable journals, textbooks, newspapers, and other sources, we have uncovered a deeper and broader history. Antecedent concepts (such as risk, factor, predisposition) have ancient roots...
2017: Perspectives in Biology and Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29157347/this-month-in-aerospace-medicine-history
#17
(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 1, 2017: Aerospace Medicine and Human Performance
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29157332/the-gene-therapy-frontier-in-aerospace-medicine
#18
Valerie E Martindale
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 1, 2017: Aerospace Medicine and Human Performance
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29083444/aeroaging-a-new-collaboration-between-life-sciences-experts-and-aerospace-engineers
#19
M Vellas, C Fualdes, J E Morley, C Dray, L Rodriguez-Manas, A Meyer, L Michel, Y Rolland, Y Gourinat
An open discussion between experts from life sciences and aeronautics has been held in order to investigate how both area of research overlap and could be relevant to each other, precisely on the topic of aging. Similarities in aging processes and prediction methodologies have been identified between human aging and aircraft aging. Two axis of collaboration have been raised: 1) The identification of the determinants in Aircraft aging (structural aging). 2) The development of P4 Systems medicine inspired new methodologies in the predictive maintenance...
2017: Journal of Nutrition, Health & Aging
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29046187/this-month-in-aerospace-medicine-history
#20
(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 1, 2017: Aerospace Medicine and Human Performance
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