keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

Quality management

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29776004/knowledge-and-health-beliefs-about-gestational-diabetes-and-healthy-pregnancy-s-breastfeeding-intention
#1
Seungmi Park, Jung Lim Lee, Jang In Sun, Youngji Kim
AIMS AND OBJECTIVES: If the knowledge and health beliefs relating to gestational diabetes mellitus (GDM) during pregnancy are associated with behaviours during pregnancy and lactation, this suggests potential educational interventions. BACKGROUNDS: Women with GDM are more likely to develop type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM), and babies with GDM incur increased risk of neonatal hypoglycaemia and childhood obesity. Breastfeeding is an effective way to improve maternal and lipid metabolism of gestational diabetes mothers, and to lower the risk of T2DM after birth, to prevent conception...
May 18, 2018: Journal of Clinical Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29775799/exploding-asthma-and-adhd-caseloads-the-role-of-medicaid-managed-care
#2
Anna Chorniy, Janet Currie, Lyudmyla Sonchak
In the U.S., nearly 11% of school-age children have been diagnosed with ADHD, and approximately 10% of children suffer from asthma. In the last decade, the number of children diagnosed with these conditions has inexplicably been on the rise. This increase has been concentrated in the Medicaid caseload nationwide. One of the most striking changes in Medicaid has been the transition from fee-for-service (FFS) reimbursement to Medicaid managed care (MMC), which had taken place in 80% of states by 2016. Using Medicaid claims from South Carolina, we show that this change contributed to the increase in asthma and ADHD caseloads...
May 7, 2018: Journal of Health Economics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29775639/surgical-management-of-lower-urinary-tract-symptoms-attributed-to-benign-prostatic-hyperplasia-aua-guideline
#3
Harris E Foster, Michael J Barry, Philipp Dahm, Manhar C Gandhi, Steven A Kaplan, Tobias S Kohler, Lori B Lerner, Deborah J Lightner, J Kellogg Parsons, Claus G Roehrborn, Charles Welliver, Timothy J Wilt, Kevin T McVary
Purpose; Male lower urinary tract symptoms (LUTS) secondary to benign prostatic hyperplasia (BPH) is common in men and can have negative effects on quality of life (QOL). It is the hope that this Guideline becomes a reference on the effective evidence-based surgical management of LUTS/BPH. MATERIALS/METHODS: The evidence team searched Ovid MEDLINE, the Cochrane Library, and the Agency for Healthcare Research and Quality (AHRQ) database to identify studies indexed between January 2007 and September 2017...
May 15, 2018: Journal of Urology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29775294/management-zone-delineation-for-winegrape-selective-harvesting-based-on-fluorescence-sensor-mapping-of-grape-skin-anthocyanins
#4
Giovanni Agati, Kamel Soudani, Lorenza Tuccio, Elisa Fierini, Naima Ben Ghozlen, El Mostafa Fadaili, Annalisa Romani, Zoran G Cerovic
We analyzed the potential of non-destructive optical sensing of grape skin anthocyanins for selective harvesting in precision viticulture. We measured anthocyanins by a hand-held fluorescence optical sensor on a 7-ha Sangiovese vineyard plot in central Italy. Optical indices obtained by the sensor were calibrated for the transformation in units of anthocyanins per berry mass, i.e. mg g-1 berry fresh weight. A full protocol for optimal data filtration, interpolation and homogenous zones delineation based on a very large number of optical measurements was proposed...
May 18, 2018: Journal of Agricultural and Food Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29774943/-progress-in-prophylatic-hyperthermic-intraperitoneal-chemotherapy-for-advanced-gastric-carcinoma
#5
Xinhua Chen, Jun Luo, Hao Liu, Yuehong Chen, Yanfeng Hu, Tuanjie Li, Tian Lin, Yu Zhu, Mingli Zhao, Hao Chen, Guoxin Li, Jiang Yu
Advanced gastric cancer (AGC) has a high recurrence rate (especially peritoneal relapse) and a poor prognosis. Systematic chemotherapy or targeted therapy have not been able to significantly reduce the major cause of an unfavorable prognosis, namely the high peritoneal AGC recurrence rate post-surgery. Further studies concerning the application of hyperthermic intraperitoneal chemotherapy (HIPEC) post curative surgery for AGC patients, namely the prophylactic HIPEC (P-HIPEC), have involved a prophylactic approach to prevent peritoneal relapse following curative gastrectomy in high-risk patients...
May 25, 2018: Zhonghua Wei Chang Wai Ke za Zhi, Chinese Journal of Gastrointestinal Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29774820/robotic-sacral-colpopexy
#6
Charles R Powell, Isamu Tachibana, Bridget Eckrich, Jeffrey Rothenberg, Jon Hathaway
INTRODUCTION AND OBJECTIVE: Robot-assisted sacral colpopexy (RASC) is a fast growing approach for surgeons treating patients with advanced stage pelvic organ prolapse (POP). Open abdominal sacral colpopexy has been the gold standard for advanced POP but requires longer hospital stays and a much larger incision. The indications, preoperative preparation, operative positioning, and operative steps are detailed, and an accompanying video shows the approach. METHODS: RASC can be broken down into 11 steps and the reader will be able to reference the article to the corresponding portion of the video...
May 2018: Journal of Endourology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29774819/midurethral-slings
#7
Joao P Zambon, Catherine Ann Matthews, Gopal H Badlani
Urinary incontinence (UI) is a common symptom affecting almost one-third of adult women. UI can occur because of hypermobility or intrinsic sphincter deficiency of the urethra. Regardless its etiology, it is associated with poor quality of life and most of the incontinent women develop symptoms such as anxiety, depression, and social isolation over time. The synthetic midurethral sling (MUS) was first introduced in 1995 and quickly became the gold standard treatment for women with stress UI because of intrinsic sphincter deficiency and/or urethral hypermobility...
May 2018: Journal of Endourology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29774616/psychological-effects-of-belonging-to-a-facebook-weight-management-group-in-overweight-and-obese-adults-results-of-a-randomised-controlled-trial
#8
Monica Jane, Jonathan Foster, Martin Hagger, Suleen Ho, Robert Kane, Sebely Pal
This study was conducted to test whether the weight outcomes in an online social networking group were mediated by changes to psychological outcome measures in overweight and obese individuals, following a weight management programme delivered via Facebook. The data analysed in this study were collected during a three-armed, randomised, controlled clinical weight management trial conducted with overweight and obese adults over 24 weeks. Two intervention groups were given the same weight management programme: one within a Facebook group, along with peer support from other group members (the Facebook Group); the other group received the same programme in a pamphlet (the Pamphlet Group)...
May 18, 2018: Health & Social Care in the Community
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29774489/the-role-of-lifestyle-in-male-infertility-diet-physical-activity-and-body-habitus
#9
REVIEW
Russell P Hayden, Ryan Flannigan, Peter N Schlegel
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: Increasing attention to primary and secondary prevention of male infertility through modifiable lifestyle factors has gained traction amongst both patients and infertility specialists. In this review, the available evidence of modifiable lifestyle choices, specifically diet, physical activity, and body habitus, are evaluated. RECENT FINDINGS: Studies examining diet, exercise/physical activity, and body habitus are characterized by conflicting conclusions, difficult confounders, and imperfect end points to judge male reproductive potential...
May 17, 2018: Current Urology Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29774436/management-of-erectile-dysfunction-and-infertility-in-the-male-spinal-cord-injury-patient
#10
REVIEW
Michael Fenstermaker, James M Dupree, Miriam Hadj-Moussa, Dana A Ohl
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: Men with spinal cord injury (SCI) commonly suffer from erectile dysfunction and ejaculatory dysfunction. The literature regarding the causes and treatment of these two important problems was reviewed. RECENT FINDINGS: Many of the erectile dysfunction treatments applied to able bodied individuals are also useful in the SCI population, although there are differences in the goals and results of treatment. Ejaculatory dysfunction can be treated with either penile vibratory stimulation or electroejaculation with high success rates...
May 17, 2018: Current Urology Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29774392/cost-effectiveness-of-ventricular-assist-device-destination-therapy-for-advanced-heart-failure-in-duchenne-muscular-dystrophy
#11
Defne A Magnetta, JaHyun Kang, Peter D Wearden, Kenneth J Smith, Brian Feingold
Destination ventricular assist device therapy (DT-VAD) is well accepted in select adults with medically refractory heart failure (HF) who are not transplant candidates; however, its use in younger patients with progressive diseases is unclear. We sought to evaluate the cost-effectiveness of DT-VAD in Duchenne muscular dystrophy (DMD) patients with advanced HF. We created a Markov-state transition model (5-year horizon) to compare survival, costs, and quality of life (QOL) between medical management and DT-VAD in DMD with advanced HF...
May 17, 2018: Pediatric Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29774363/developmental-dysplasia-of-the-hip-why-are-we-still-operating-on-them-a-plea-for-institutional-newborn-clinical-screening
#12
Wu Chean Lee, Sumanth Kumar Gera, Arjandas Mahadev
INTRODUCTION: Developmental dysplasia of the hip (DDH) is a common orthopaedic condition at birth. Non-surgical management with Pavlik harness can effectively treat DDH with early clinical diagnosis at newborn, but open surgeries continue to be performed. We aimed to elucidate the reasons for this. METHODS: A retrospective review was performed of all open surgeries related to DDH from 2006 to 2016. Patients were either born at our institution (Group 1) or outside of it (Group 2)...
May 18, 2018: Singapore Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29774216/autophagic-regulation-of-lipid-homeostasis-in-cardiometabolic-syndrome
#13
Mingjie Yang, Yingmei Zhang, Jun Ren
As an important protein quality control process, autophagy is essential for the degradation and removal of long-lived or injured cellular components and organelles. Autophagy is known to participate in a number of pathophysiological processes including cardiometabolic syndrome. Recent findings have shown compelling evidence for the intricate interplay between autophagy and lipid metabolism. Autophagy serves as a major regulator of lipid homeostasis while lipid can also influence autophagosome formation and autophagic signaling...
2018: Frontiers in Cardiovascular Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29773539/effectiveness-of-text-message-based-diabetes-self-management-support-programme-sms4bg-two-arm-parallel-randomised-controlled-trial
#14
Rosie Dobson, Robyn Whittaker, Yannan Jiang, Ralph Maddison, Matthew Shepherd, Catherine McNamara, Richard Cutfield, Manish Khanolkar, Rinki Murphy
OBJECTIVE: To determine the effectiveness of a theoretically based and individually tailored, text message based, diabetes self management support intervention (SMS4BG) in adults with poorly controlled diabetes. DESIGN: Nine month, two arm, parallel randomised controlled trial. SETTING: Primary and secondary healthcare services in New Zealand. PARTICIPANTS: 366 participants aged 16 years and over with poorly controlled type 1 or type 2 diabetes (HbA1c ≥65 mmol/mol or 8%) randomised between June 2015 and November 2016 (n=183 intervention, n=183 control)...
May 17, 2018: BMJ: British Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29773473/-base-of-the-skull-meningioma-efficacy-clinical-tolerance-and-radiological-evaluation-after-radiotherapy
#15
Y Brahimi, D Antoni, R Srour, F Proust, H Cebula, A Labani, G Noël
Skull base meningioma leads to functional disturbances, which can significantly alter the quality of life. The optimal management of these lesions, whose goals are neurological preservation and tumour local control, is not yet clearly established. It is widely recognized that the goal of a radical excision should be abandoned despite the advances in the field of microsurgery of skull base lesions. Although less morbid, partial tumour excision would be associated with increased risk of local tumour recurrence...
May 14, 2018: Cancer Radiothérapie: Journal de la Société Française de Radiothérapie Oncologique
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29773431/preoperative-frailty-assessment-predicts-loss-of-independence-after-vascular-surgery
#16
Graham W Donald, Amir A Ghaffarian, Farid Isaac, Larry W Kraiss, Claire L Griffin, Brigitte K Smith, Mark R Sarfati, Julie L Beckstrom, Benjamin S Brooke
OBJECTIVE: Frailty, a clinical syndrome associated with loss of metabolic reserves, is prevalent among patients who present to vascular surgery clinics for evaluation. The Clinical Frailty Scale (CFS) is a rapid assessment method shown to be highly specific for identifying frail patients. In this study, we sought to evaluate whether the preoperative CFS score could be used to predict loss of independence after major vascular procedures. METHODS: We identified all patients living independently at home who were prospectively assessed using the CFS before undergoing an elective major vascular surgery procedure (admitted for >24 hours) at an academic medical center between December 2015 and December 2017...
May 14, 2018: Journal of Vascular Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29773355/pain-assessment-and-management-by-nurses-in-a-geriatric-setting-discrepancies-between-guidelines-and-documented-practice
#17
Irit Shahar, Gad Mendelson, Shlomit Gerbi, Merav Ben Natan
Pain is a common subjective symptom among older adults in general and among older adult residents in long-term geriatric facilities in particular. Pain diminishes older adults' quality of life and may impair their ability to recover from various illnesses. Therefore, the Israeli Ministry of Health has issued guidelines on effectively assessing and treating pain in this population. To examine discrepancies between the Ministry of Health's pain assessment guidelines and documented practice by nursing staff at a long-term geriatric care facility and whether these discrepancies correlate to characteristics of the nurses, the wards, and the patients' characteristics...
May 14, 2018: Pain Management Nursing: Official Journal of the American Society of Pain Management Nurses
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29773292/health-related-quality-of-life-measurement-in-patients-with-chronic-respiratory-failure
#18
REVIEW
Toru Oga, Wolfram Windisch, Tomohiro Handa, Toyohiro Hirai, Kazuo Chin
The improvement of health-related quality of life (HRQL) is an important goal in managing patients with chronic respiratory failure (CRF) receiving long-term oxygen therapy (LTOT) and/or domiciliary noninvasive ventilation (NIV). Two condition-specific HRQL questionnaires have been developed to specifically assess these patients: the Maugeri Respiratory Failure Questionnaire (MRF) and the Severe Respiratory Insufficiency Questionnaire (SRI). The MRF is more advantageous in its ease of completion; conversely, the SRI measures diversified health impairments more multi-dimensionally and discriminatively with greater balance, especially in patients receiving NIV...
May 2018: Respiratory Investigation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29773291/cost-utility-of-non-invasive-mechanical-ventilation-analysis-and-implications-in-acute-respiratory-failure-a-brief-narrative-review
#19
REVIEW
Antonello Nicolini, Sven Stieglitz, Pierre Bou-Khalil, Antonio Esquinas
The growing interest in the quality of patient care at the levels of the health care managers, insurance companies, and health professionals is evident. Further, the growing population requires good quality health services. In this review, we analyzed the cost-effectiveness of noninvasive ventilation (NIV) in an acute setting for the treatment of respiratory failure. The strength of this review is that it identified and summarized the most relevant studies regarding various aspects of the cost-utility of NIV in an acute setting...
May 2018: Respiratory Investigation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29772486/quantitative-microbial-risk-assessment-of-microbial-source-tracking-markers-in-recreational-water-contaminated-with-fresh-untreated-and-secondary-treated-sewage
#20
Warish Ahmed, Kerry A Hamilton, Aldo Lobos, Bridie Hughes, Christopher Staley, Michael J Sadowsky, Valerie J Harwood
Microbial source tracking (MST) methods have provided the means to identify sewage contamination in recreational waters, but the risk associated with elevated levels of MST targets such as sewage-associated Bacteroides HF183 and other markers is uncertain. Quantitative microbial risk assessment (QMRA) modeling allows interpretation of MST data in the context of the risk of gastrointestinal (GI) illness caused by exposure to known reference pathogens. In this study, five sewage-associated, quantitative PCR (qPCR) MST markers [Bacteroides HF183 (HF183), Methanobrevibacter smithii nifH (nifH), human adenovirus (HAdV), human polyomavirus (HPyV) and pepper mild mottle virus (PMMoV)] were evaluated to determine at what concentration these nucleic acid markers reflected a significant health risk from exposure to fresh untreated or secondary treated sewage in beach water...
May 14, 2018: Environment International
keyword
keyword
28130
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"