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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29217037/re-nutritional-optic-neuropathy-instead-of-tobacco-alcohol-amblyopia
#1
EDITORIAL
Shreya Haldar, R Mukherjee, John Elston
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 2017: Canadian Journal of Ophthalmology. Journal Canadien D'ophtalmologie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29207745/bilateral-persistent-hyperplastic-primary-vitreous-a-rare-case-report
#2
Rashmi Kumari, Bhawesh Chandra Saha
Persistent Hyperplastic Primary Vitreous (PHPV), now-a-days referred to as Persistent Fetal Vasculature (PFV), is a rare congenital anomaly of the eye that typically presents unilaterally with white pupillary reflex and microphthalmia without systemic associations. Bilateral presentations are rare. Here we report a case of 15-year-old male with bilateral PFV without leucokoria who was misdiagnosed as congenital esotropia with amblyopia, treated for refractive errors and referred to higher centre for squint corrections...
September 2017: Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research: JCDR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29205978/current-views-of-pediatric-amblyopia
#3
Wenqian Cai, Conghai Fan, Bao Guo
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 4, 2017: Minerva Pediatrica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29204689/comparison-between-over-glasses-patching-and-adhesive-patching-for-children-with-moderate-amblyopia-a-prospective-randomized-clinical-trial
#4
Su Jin Kim, Hyeshin Jeon, Jae Ho Jung, Kwang Min Lee, Hee Young Choi
PURPOSE: To investigate efficacy of over-glasses patching treatment for amblyopic children using visual function improvement and Amblyopia Treatment Index (ATI) changes. METHODS: In a randomized multi-center controlled clinical trial, 107 children aged 3-7 years with moderate amblyopia (visual acuity in the range of 20/40 to 20/100) were included to receive treatment with either an adhesive skin patch or a fabric over-glasses patch. The patients were prescribed 2 h of patching per day for the sound eye...
December 4, 2017: Graefe's Archive for Clinical and Experimental Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29202721/portable-acuity-screening-for-any-school-validation-of-patched-hotv-with-amblyopic-patients-and-bangerter-normals
#5
Maya Tsao Wu, M Diane Armitage, Claire Trujillo, Anna Trujillo, Laura E Arnold, Lauren Tsao Wu, Robert W Arnold
BACKGROUND: We needed to validate and calibrate our portable acuity screening tools so amblyopia could be detected quickly and effectively at school entry. METHODS: Spiral-bound flip cards and download pdf surround HOTV acuity test box with critical lines were combined with a matching card. Amblyopic patients performed critical line, then threshold acuity which was then compared to patched E-ETDRS acuity. 5 normal subjects wore Bangerter foil goggles to simulate blur for comparative validation...
December 4, 2017: BMC Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29197362/evidence-for-the-need-for-vision-screening-of-school-children-in-turkey
#6
Serap Azizoğlu, Sheila G Crewther, Funda Şerefhan, Ayla Barutchu, Sinan Göker, Barbara M Junghans
BACKGROUND: In many countries, access to general health and eye care is related to an individual's socioeconomic status (SES). We aimed to examine the prevalence of oculo-visual disorders in children in Istanbul Turkey, drawn from schools at SES extremes but geographically nearby. METHODS: Three school-based vision screenings (presenting distance visual acuity, cover test, eye assessment history, colour vision, gross stereopsis and non-cycloplegic autorefraction) were conducted on 81% of a potential 1014 primary-school children aged 4-10 years from two private (high SES) schools and a nearby government (low SES) school in central Istanbul...
December 2, 2017: BMC Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29196184/a-randomized-trial-of-a-binocular-ipad-game-versus-part-time-patching-in-children-aged-13-to-16-years-with-amblyopia
#7
Vivian M Manh, Jonathan M Holmes, Elizabeth L Lazar, Raymond T Kraker, David K Wallace, Marjean T Kulp, Jennifer A Galvin, Birva K Shah, Patricia L Davis
PURPOSE: To compare visual acuity (VA) improvement in teenagers with amblyopia treated with a binocular iPad game versus part-time patching. METHODS: One hundred participants aged 13 to <17 years (mean 14.3 years) with amblyopia (20/40 to 20/200, mean ∼20/63) resulting from strabismus, anisometropia, or both were enrolled into a randomized clinical trial. Participants were randomly assigned to treatment for 16 weeks of either a binocular iPad game prescribed for 1 hour per day (N=40) or patching of the fellow eye prescribed for 2 hours per day (N=60)...
November 28, 2017: American Journal of Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29193320/contrast-balanced-binocular-treatment-in-children-with-deprivation-amblyopia
#8
Lisa M Hamm, Zidong Chen, Jinrong Li, Shuan Dai, Joanna Black, Junpeng Yuan, Minbin Yu, Benjamin Thompson
BACKGROUND: Children with deprivation amblyopia due to childhood cataract have been excluded from much of the emerging research into amblyopia treatment. An investigation was conducted to determine whether contrast-balanced binocular treatment - a strategy currently being explored for children with anisometropic and strabismic amblyopia - may be effective in children with deprivation amblyopia. METHODS: An unmasked, case-series design intended to assess proof of principle was employed...
November 28, 2017: Clinical & Experimental Optometry: Journal of the Australian Optometrical Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29181325/the-use-of-choline-in-association-with-the-bangerter-filters-for-the-treatment-of-amblyopia
#9
Lelio Sabetti, Francesco Masedu, Chiara Tresca, Federica Bianchi, Marco Valenti
The study investigated the effects of choline combined with Bangerter filter in the treatment of amblyopia. All amblyopic subjects used a Bangerter filter on the corrective spectacle lens (1d over the left eye, 1d over the right eye). Choline was then administered orally to 39 patients once daily, five days per week for the entire study period. Subjects treated with the Bangerter filter showed a mean visual acuity of 0.27 logMAR; at 12mo of treatment, the mean visual acuity reached 0.09 logMAR. Patients treated with the Bangerter filter and citicoline showed a mean visual acuity of 0...
2017: International Journal of Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29181310/femtosecond-laser-corneal-refractive-surgery-for-the-correction-of-high-myopic-anisometropic-amblyopia-in-juveniles
#10
Jing Zhang, Ke-Ming Yu
AIM: To evaluate the effects of femtosecond laser-assisted in situ keratomileusis (FS-LASIK) and small-incision lenticule extraction (SMILE) to correct high myopic anisometropic amblyopia in juvenile patients. METHODS: From November 2013 to January 2015, 33 amblyopic patients with high myopic anisometropic amblyopia were studied. FS-LASIK (30 eyes) or SMILE (3 eyes) was performed in the amblyopic eyes. Visual acuity, refraction, contrast sensitivity, stereoacuity and complications were evaluated...
2017: International Journal of Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29170942/refractive-status-and-amblyopia-risk-factors-in-chinese-children-with-autism-spectrum-disorder
#11
Jiaxing Wang, Gang Ding, Ying Li, Ning Hua, Nan Wei, Xiaoli Qi, Yuxian Ning, Ying Zhang, Xue Li, Jing Li, Linlin Song, Xuehan Qian
Amblyopia risk factors in children with autism spectrum disorders (ASD) are usually hard to detect in early childhood due to poor cooperation and has not been reported in the Chinese population. We screened 168 Chinese children with ASD, aged between 3 and 8 years, and 264 age-matched neurotypical children with Spot photoscreener and basic ophthalmologic examinations. Children with ASD were found to have normal refractive status but significantly higher incidence of strabismus (16.1%), compared with control children (1...
November 23, 2017: Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29166895/retrospective-data-on-causes-of-childhood-vision-impairment-in-eritrea
#12
Rajendra Gyawali, Bharat Kumar Bhayal, Rabindra Adhikary, Arjun Shrestha, Rabindra Prasad Sah
BACKGROUND: Proper information on causes of childhood vision loss is essential in developing appropriate strategies and programs to address such causes. This study aimed at identifying the causes of vision loss in children attending the national referral eye hospital with the only pediatric ophthalmology service in Eritrea. METHODS: A retrospective data review was conducted for all the children (< 16 years of age) who attended Berhan Aiyni National Referral Eye Hospital in five years period from January 2011 to December 2015...
November 22, 2017: BMC Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29166704/the-prevalence-and-causes-of-visual-impairment-in-seven-year-old-children
#13
Soraya Ghaderi, Hassan Hashemi, Ebrahim Jafarzadehpur, Abbasali Yekta, Hadi Ostadimoghaddam, Ali Mirzajani, Mehdi Khabazkhoob
BACKGROUND: To report the prevalence and causes of visual impairment in seven-year-old children in Iran and its relationship with socio-economic conditions. METHODS: In a cross-sectional population-based study, first-grade students in the primary schools of eight cities in the country were randomly selected from different geographic locations using multistage cluster sampling. The examinations included visual acuity measurement, ocular motility evaluation, and cycloplegic and non-cycloplegic refraction...
November 22, 2017: Clinical & Experimental Optometry: Journal of the Australian Optometrical Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29160741/the-best-of-both-worlds-adaptation-during-natural-tasks-produces-long-lasting-plasticity-in-perceptual-ocular-dominance
#14
Min Bao, Bo Dong, Lijuan Liu, Stephen A Engel, Yi Jiang
In human vision, one eye is usually stronger than the other. This is called ocular dominance. Extremely imbalanced ocular dominance can be found among certain patient groups, for example, in patients with amblyopia. Here, we introduce a novel method to rebalance ocular dominance. We developed an altered-reality system that subjects used to interact with the natural world, the appearance of which was changed through a real-time image process. Several daily adaptation sessions lasting 3 hr each reduced sensory ocular dominance in adults who were not diagnosed with amblyopia and improved vision in patients with amblyopia...
November 1, 2017: Psychological Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29156465/-pseudophacic-additive-lenses
#15
Fritz H Hengerer, Ina Conrad-Hengerer
Implantation of artificial intraocular lenses (IOL) after cataract removal today represents the standard of care in the field of anterior segment surgery. In refractive lens exchange cases the natural lens is replaced by an IOL to correct different types of refractive situations. In the majority of the operations the refractive result is satisfying with only few deviations from target refraction.But daily practice reveals some outliers from the intended corrections with the need for further refractive enhancements, respectively...
November 20, 2017: Klinische Monatsblätter Für Augenheilkunde
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29152910/treating-amblyopia-in-adults-with-prosthetic-occluding-contact-lenses
#16
Esperanza Garcia-Romo, Consuelo Perez-Rico, Isabel Roldán-Díaz, Juan Arévalo-Serrano, Román Blanco
PURPOSE: To investigate the feasibility, effectiveness and acceptability of using prosthetic occluding contact lenses (OCLs) to treat moderate amblyopia in adults and of the role of the multifocal visual evoked potential (mfVEP) as a predictor of postamblyopic therapy. METHODS: A comparative, prospective, interventional, case series pilot study with amblyopic adults (mean age: 40 years, range 20-50 years) allocated into two intervention groups: eye patching and OCL...
November 20, 2017: Acta Ophthalmologica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29147770/-infantile-hemangioma-of-the-eyelid
#17
F Lang, U P Press
Hemangiomas are one of the most common vascular tumors in infancy. In most cases no therapy is necessary and spontaneous regression is observed; however, if they arise in the periocular region, immediate action is required as rapid growth frequently leads to obstruction of the visual field with the risk of developing amblyopia and orbital suppression up to permanent disfigurement and stigmatization of those affected. Novel pharmaceutical treatment options led to a significant paradigm shift in the treatment of pediatric hemangiomas...
November 16, 2017: Der Ophthalmologe: Zeitschrift der Deutschen Ophthalmologischen Gesellschaft
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29144181/the-prevalence-of-amblyopia-and-its-determinants-in-a-population-based-study
#18
Mohammad Faghihi, Hassan Hashemi, Payam Nabovati, Mohammad Saatchi, Abbasali Yekta, Shokoofeh Rafati, Hadi Ostadimoghaddam, Mehdi Khabazkhoob
PURPOSE: To determine the prevalence of amblyopia and its determinants in a population-based study in Mashhad County, Iran. METHODS: This cross-sectional, population-based study was conducted on the population of Mashhad County aged >1 year using randomized stratified cluster sampling. Examinations were performed after selection of the participants and their free transportation to the sampling site. The examinations included the measurement of uncorrected and corrected visual acuity, cycloplegic and non-cycloplegic refraction, cover testing, slit-lamp biomicroscopy, and ophthalmoscopy...
November 16, 2017: Strabismus
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29135316/final-visual-outcomes-and-treatment-received-for-children-referred-from-a-uk-primary-school-visual-screening-program-a-comparison-of-an-orthoptic-led-program-with-orthoptic-delivered-services
#19
Tess Garretty
There is little published evidence relating to the final visual acuity of children who are identified as having reduced vision at a school screening program. The school vision screening program in Leeds (led by an orthoptist but delivered by health care support workers within the school nursing team) is examined. RESULTS: 7807 children were screened in school between November 1, 2013, and September 1, 2014. Of these, 319 (4%) failed the screen and were referred to the general optometry service and 547 (7%) were referred to the Children's Community Eye Service (CCES)...
November 14, 2017: Strabismus
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29134296/p300-based-acuity-estimation-in-imitated-amblyopia
#20
Marvin L Beusterien, Sven P Heinrich
PURPOSE: A frequent approach to estimating visual acuity objectively is the recording of visual evoked potentials (VEPs) to patterns of different coarseness. This, however, overestimates acuity in patients with fragmented and distorted vision such as in amblyopia. This is likely due to VEP-based techniques using checkerboard or grating stimuli. We hypothesized that no overestimation would occur when the event-related potential P300 in response to optotype stimuli is used for acuity estimation...
November 13, 2017: Documenta Ophthalmologica. Advances in Ophthalmology
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