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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28224290/pediatric-ocular-trauma-score-as-a-prognostic-tool-in-the-management-of-pediatric-traumatic-cataracts
#1
Mehul A Shah, Rupesh Agrawal, Ryan Teoh, Shreya M Shah, Kashyap Patel, Satyam Gupta, Siddharth Gosai
OBJECTIVE: To introduce and validate the pediatric ocular trauma score (POTS) - a mathematical model to predict visual outcome trauma in children with traumatic cataract METHODS: In this retrospective cohort study, medical records of consecutive children with traumatic cataracts aged 18 and below were retrieved and analysed. Data collected included age, gender, visual acuity, anterior segment and posterior segment findings, nature of surgery, treatment for amblyopia, follow-up, and final outcome was recorded on a precoded data information sheet...
February 22, 2017: Graefe's Archive for Clinical and Experimental Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28214552/interocular-suppression-in-children-with-deprivation-amblyopia
#2
Lisa Hamm, Zidong Chen, Jinrong Li, Joanna Black, Shuan Dai, Junpeng Yuan, Minbin Yu, Benjamin Thompson
In patients with anisometropic or strabismic amblyopia, interocular suppression can be minimized by presenting high contrast stimulus elements to the amblyopic eye and lower contrast elements to the fellow eye. This suggests a structurally intact binocular visual system that is functionally suppressed. We investigated whether suppression can also be overcome by contrast balancing in children with deprivation amblyopia due to childhood cataracts. To quantify interocular contrast balance, contrast interference thresholds were measured using an established dichoptic global motion technique for 21 children with deprivation amblyopia, 14 with anisometropic or mixed strabismic/anisometropic amblyopia and 10 visually normal children (mean age mean = 9...
February 15, 2017: Vision Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28207433/long-term-clinical-course-in-eyes-with-peters-anomaly
#3
Haruna Yoshikawa, Chie Sotozono, Yoko Ikeda, Kazuhiko Mori, Morio Ueno, Shigeru Kinoshita
PURPOSE: Peters anomaly (PA) is known to be a primary cause of congenital corneal opacity. The aim of this study is to report the long-term clinical course and visual achievement of patients with PA who did not undergo keratoplasty. METHODS: This retrospective study involved 15 eyes of 9 infants with PA less than 5 months of age at initial presentation at the Kyoto Prefectural University of Medicine who were followed up without keratoplasty for more than 6 years after presentation...
February 15, 2017: Cornea
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28192842/-keratoplasty-in-children-and-adolescents
#4
S J Lang, C Richter, O Richter, D Böhringer, G Geerling, T Reinhard
Background The conditions for long-term graft survival in infants and children are unfavorable, due to the different immunological features, the impaired clinical examination and the reduced compliance and treatment adherence. However, penetrating keratoplasty is often the only option to prevent amblyopia and there may be no alternative. We examined the different indications, graft survival and complications in two specialised centres. Material and Methods We identified all patients who were under the age of 18 years at the time of their penetrating keratoplasty...
February 13, 2017: Klinische Monatsblätter Für Augenheilkunde
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28188939/survey-of-nerve-fiber-layer-thickness-in-anisometropic-and-strabismic-amblyopia
#5
Reza Soltani Moghaddam, Abdolreza Medghalchi, Yousef Alizadeh
. To investigate the effect of anisometropic and strabismic amblyopia on the nerve fiber layer thickness. This cross-sectional study was done on 54 amblyopic subjects, equally in both strabismic and anisometropic groups. The thickness otonerve fiber layer measured in superior, inferior, nasal, temporal quadrants and as a whole in both eyes of both groups. The means of thickness were compared in amblyopic and sound eyes. In strabismus group, the average nerve fiber layer thickness of the sound eye , in superior, inferior, nasal and temporal quadrants and as a whole were 113...
January 2017: Acta Medica Iranica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28182148/retina-and-optic-disc-characteristics-in-amblyopic-and-non-amblyopic-eyes-of-patients-with-myopic-or-hyperopic-anisometropia
#6
Arzu Taşkıran Çömez, Elif Şanal Ulu, Yeliz Ekim
OBJECTIVES: To compare retinal and optic disc characteristics between amblyopic and non-amblyopic eyes in patients with myopic and hyperopic anisometropia measured with optical coherence tomography (OCT). MATERIALS AND METHODS: Patients with myopic (25 patients: 17 female, 8 male; median age 27 years, range 16-40 years) and hyperopic (31 patients: 19 female, 12 male; median age 20 years, range 13-41 years) anisometropic amblyopia were included. Eye examination included determination of best-corrected visual acuity (BCVA) with a Snellen chart, measurement of manifest and cycloplegic refraction after pupillary dilation, alternate cover testing, globe movement evaluation, A-scan biometry for axial length, biomicroscopy, fundus examination, and OCT scanning...
January 2017: Turkish Journal of Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28170093/topical-treatments-for-blepharokeratoconjunctivitis-in-children
#7
REVIEW
Michael O'Gallagher, Catey Bunce, Melanie Hingorani, Frank Larkin, Stephen Tuft, Annegret Dahlmann-Noor
BACKGROUND: Blepharokeratoconjunctivitis (BKC) is a type of inflammation of the surface of the eye and eyelids that involves changes of the eyelids, dysfunction of the meibomian glands, and inflammation of the conjunctiva and cornea. Chronic inflammation of the cornea can lead to scarring, vascularisation and opacity. BKC in children can cause significant symptoms including irritation, watering, photophobia and loss of vision from corneal opacity, refractive error or amblyopia.Treatment of BKC is directed towards modification of meibomian gland disease and the bacterial flora of lid margin and conjunctiva, and control of ocular surface inflammation...
February 7, 2017: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28169333/an-assessment-of-the-contrast-sensitivity-in-patients-with-ametropic-and-anisometropic-amblyopia-in-achieving-the-corrected-visual-acuity-of-1-0
#8
Guipan Wang, Congling Zhao, Qiang Ding, Ping Wang
Both visual acuity (VA) and contrast sensitivity (CS) are important parameters for measuring visual function. In this research, we investigated the CS of patients with ametropic or anisometropic amblyopia, whose corrected visual acuity (CVA) recovered to 1.0. Fifty-five cases with amblyopia and 22 control cases with a normal visual acuity of 1.0 were enrolled. The CS of the patients whose ametropic amblyopia had recovered to a CVA of 1.0 at 18 cpd spatial frequency was still lower than that of the normal control group under both photopic and scotopic conditions (P = 0...
February 7, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28166429/comparison-of-rating-scales-in-the-development-of-patient-reported-outcome-measures-for-children-with-eye-disorders
#9
Sarah R Hatt, David A Leske, Suzanne M Wernimont, Eileen E Birch, Jonathan M Holmes
BACKGROUND: A rating scale is a critical component of patient-reported outcome instrument design, but the optimal rating scale format for pediatric use has not been investigated. We compared rating scale performance when administering potential questionnaire items to children with eye disorders and their parents. METHODS: Three commonly used rating scales were evaluated: frequency (never, sometimes, often, always), severity (not at all, a little, some, a lot), and difficulty (not difficult, a little difficult, difficult, very difficult)...
February 6, 2017: Strabismus
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28166317/effects-of-reduced-acuity-and-stereo-acuity-on-saccades-and-reaching-movements-in-adults-with-amblyopia-and-strabismus
#10
Ewa Niechwiej-Szwedo, Herbert C Goltz, Linda Colpa, Manokaraananthan Chandrakumar, Agnes M F Wong
Purpose: Our previous work has shown that amblyopia disrupts the planning and execution of visually-guided saccadic and reaching movements. We investigated the association between the clinical features of amblyopia and aspects of visuomotor behavior that are disrupted by amblyopia. Methods: A total of 55 adults with amblyopia (22 anisometropic, 18 strabismic, 15 mixed mechanism), 14 adults with strabismus without amblyopia, and 22 visually-normal control participants completed a visuomotor task while their eye and hand movements were recorded...
February 1, 2017: Investigative Ophthalmology & Visual Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28162193/-the-quality-of-epidemiological-research-on-pediatric-refractive-error-and-amblyopia-in-china-needs-to-be-improved
#11
M G He
Over the past decade, great progress has been made in the clinical and epidemiological studies on refractive error and amblyopia in children with research findings published in international peer reviewed journals. This article reviews some of the essential publications so that the research findings could be learnt extensively, understood critically and objectively, and applied effectively to clinical practice. We aim to address the current limitations and shed light on clinical practice. (Chin J Ophthalmol, 2017, 53: 3-6)...
January 11, 2017: [Zhonghua Yan Ke za Zhi] Chinese Journal of Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28161340/evaluating-the-impact-of-strabismus-surgery-on-the-association-of-musculoskeletal-injuries-fractures-and-falls-with-disorders-of-binocular-vision-in-medicare-beneficiaries
#12
Stacy L Pineles, Michael X Repka, Fei Yu, Flora Lum, Anne L Coleman
Disorders of binocular vision that are increasingly prevalent among aged, fee-for-service Medicare beneficiaries are associated with fractures, falls, and musculoskeletal injuries. We evaluate whether strabismus surgery influences the association of injuries in elderly patients with disorders of binocular vision in a 5% random sample of Medicare fee-for-service claims data from 2010 to 2013. There were 22,237 Medicare beneficiaries with a claim that included a diagnosis of a disorder of binocular vision. Of these, the majority had strabismus (49...
February 1, 2017: Journal of AAPOS: the Official Publication of the American Association for Pediatric Ophthalmology and Strabismus
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28141763/use-of-video-games-for-the-treatment-of-amblyopia
#13
Alexander J E Foss
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: To review the literature up to recent for the use of videos, videogames and dichoptic stimulation as a treatment for amblyopia. RECENT FINDINGS: There have been three strategies explored. The first is to use videos and videogames monocularly with the normal eye covered. The second is dichoptic stimulation with a common background presented to both eyes and an enriched foreground to the amblyopic eye. The third are games specifically designed to generate stereopsis...
January 30, 2017: Current Opinion in Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28123026/noisy-spiking-in-visual-area-v2-of-amblyopic-monkeys
#14
Ye Wang, Bin Zhang, Xiaofeng Tao, Janice M Wensveen, Earl L Smith, Yuzo M Chino
: Interocular decorrelation of input signals in developing visual cortex can cause impaired binocular vision and amblyopia. Although increased intrinsic noise is thought to be responsible for a range of perceptual deficits in amblyopic humans, the neural basis for the elevated perceptual noise in amblyopic primates is not known. Here, we tested the idea that perceptual noise is linked to the neuronal spiking noise (variability) resulting from developmental alterations in cortical circuitry...
January 25, 2017: Journal of Neuroscience: the Official Journal of the Society for Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28122090/spatial-and-global-sensory-suppression-mapping-encompassing-the-central-10%C3%A2-field-in-anisometropic-amblyopia
#15
Jingjing Li, Jinrong Li, Zidong Chen, Jing Liu, Junpeng Yuan, Xiaoxiao Cai, Daming Deng, Minbin Yu
Purpose: We investigate the efficacy of a novel dichoptic mapping paradigm in evaluating visual function of anisometropic amblyopes. Methods: Using standard clinical measures of visual function (visual acuity, stereo acuity, Bagolini lenses, and neutral density filters) and a novel quantitative mapping technique, 26 patients with anisometropic amblyopia (mean age = 19.15 ± 4.42 years) were assessed. Two additional psychophysical interocular suppression measurements were tested with dichoptic global motion coherence and binocular phase combination tasks...
January 1, 2017: Investigative Ophthalmology & Visual Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28097644/erratum-to-eur-j-ophthalmol-2002-12-1-1-4-and-eur-j-ophthalmol-2015-25-5-437-442
#16
(no author information available yet)
Erratum To: Eur J Ophthalmol. 2002 Jan-Feb;12(1):1-4. doi: 10.5301/EJO.2008.799. Prevalence of astigmatism among students in northern Greece. A.T. Mandalos, D.K. Peios, T.A. Mavrakanas, V.A. Golias, K.G. Megalou, K.A. Delidou, A.C. Gregoriadou, B.C. Katsougiannopoulos PMID: 11936436 [PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]We inform our readers that in the author list the full name of one author (T.A. Mavracanas) was published incorrectly. We supply the correct author listing and apologize to the readers. Eur J Ophthalmol...
December 29, 2016: European Journal of Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28090595/a-case-of-coats-disease-and-concurrent-anisometropic-amblyopia
#17
Nathan G Lambert, Robert O Hoffman, M Elizabeth Hartnett
PURPOSE: The aim of this report was to demonstrate a case of Coats disease in a patient with concurrent anisometropic amblyopia. OBSERVATIONS: A 10-year-old boy was diagnosed with Coats disease during routine ophthalmic examination. Visual acuity was 20/20 OD and 20/50 OS with cycloplegic refraction of +1.25 (OD) and +3.25 (OS). Examination under anesthesia showed macular exudates in the left eye that encroached near the fovea superotemporally. Despite the poor visual acuity and macular exudates, the foveal architecture of both eyes appeared normal on spectral domain optical coherence tomography...
December 2016: American Journal of Ophthalmology Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28089471/infantile-haemangioma
#18
REVIEW
Christine Léauté-Labrèze, John I Harper, Peter H Hoeger
With a prevalence of 4·5%, infantile haemangiomas are the most common benign tumours of infancy, arising in the first few weeks of life and exhibiting a characteristic sequence of growth and spontaneous involution. Most infantile haemangiomas do not require therapy. However, to identify at-risk haemangiomas, close follow-up is crucial in the first weeks of life; 80% of all haemangiomas reach their final size by 3 months of age. The main indications for treatment are life-threatening infantile haemangioma (causing heart failure or respiratory distress), tumours posing functional risks (eg, visual obstruction, amblyopia, or feeding difficulties), ulceration, and severe anatomic distortion, especially on the face...
January 12, 2017: Lancet
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28087083/-isolated-microspherophakia-in-a-senegalese-family
#19
P A Ndoye Roth, S A Toure, H Kane, A S Sow, A M Wane, J M Ndiaye, A M Ka, J P Diagne, H M Diallo, M E Demedeiros Quenum, M Nguer, E A Ba, P A Ndiaye, M R Ndiaye
PURPOSE: To report the clinical investigation of isolated microspherophakia involving a Senegalese family in order to appreciate its functional impact. OBSERVATIONS: This is a rural family comprised of 7 members. The sibship included three girls and two boys. One of the girls, who lived in a distant zone, was unable to be examined. Of all the examined members of the family, only the father was unaffected by the illness. There was no consanguinity. The general medical examination was normal...
January 10, 2017: Journal Français D'ophtalmologie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28075445/a-clinical-and-molecular-analysis-of-a-patient-with-emanuel-syndrome
#20
Jin-Wen Luo, Huan Yang, Zhi-Ping Tan, Ming Tu, Hong Luo, Yi-Feng Yang, Li Xie
Emanuel syndrome (ES) is the most frequent type of recurrent non‑Robertsonian translocation that is characterized by numerous anomalies. Over 100 patients with ES have been described in the literature. The phenotype of this syndrome varies but often consists of facial dysmorphism, microcephaly, severe intellectual disability, developmental retardation, congenital heart disease and genital anomalies. The present study describes a 2‑year‑old boy with multiple malformations, including facial dysmorphism, severe intellectual disability, growth retardation, congenital heart disease, cleft lip and palate, genital malformation (micropenis), amblyopia, thymic dysplasia and hearing impairment...
January 5, 2017: Molecular Medicine Reports
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