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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29458226/-outbreaks-of-scabies-in-schools-and-use-of-ivermectin
#1
Josef A I Weigl
BACKGROUND: At Pentecost 2017 outbreaks of scabies occurred in three schools in Ploen County. Several classes were supposed to go on an excursion or had returned from an excursion with symptomatic kids. METHODS: Rapid investigation, on site outbreak confirmation, home visits of the environment of the index cases, simultaneous mass treatment and post exposure prophylaxis (PEP) with Ivermectin according to the outbreak characteristics were applied. RESULTS: The index case of school A was ill since 5 months, but was misdiagnosed as eczema...
February 19, 2018: Das Gesundheitswesen
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29454810/predictors-of-functional-outcome-after-hanging-injury
#2
Chia-Lung Kao, I-Lin Hsu
PURPOSE: Suicide becomes a serious problem in today's society and hanging is a common method of suicide. We want to find the factors which can predict the final functional outcomes of these cases. METHODS: All patients who presented to Accident and Emergency Department (ED) of the National Cheng Kung University Hospital from 1st January 2005 to 31th December 2013 with a hanging injury were included in this study. All cases were divided into good outcome group and bad outcome group according to Glasgow Outcome Scale (GOS)...
January 31, 2018: Chinese Journal of Traumatology, Zhonghua Chuang Shang za Zhi
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29453399/association-of-sleep-and-circadian-activity-rhythm-with-emotional-face-processing-among-12-month-old-infants
#3
Wanqi Sun, Shirley Xin Li, Guanghai Wang, Shumei Dong, Yanrui Jiang, Karen Spruyt, Jiefan Ling, Qi Zhu, Tatia Mei-Chun Lee, Fan Jiang
Sleep and circadian rhythmicity both play an important role in human's cognitive functioning, yet the way in which early development of sleep and circadian rhythm affects cognitive processes and social learning in infants remains less understood. We examined the association of sleep and circadian activity rhythm (CAR) with face and emotional information processing in 12-month old infants. Face processing was measured by eye tracking, whereby infants' scanning patterns and pupil dilations were calculated when they were presented with neutral, pleasant and unpleasant faces...
February 16, 2018: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29450398/cataract-surgery-outcome-in-patients-with-non-glaucomatous-pseudoexfoliation
#4
Praveen Venkatesha Sastry, Anuj Kumar Singal
Aim. To study the outcome of cataract surgery in eyes with pseudoexfoliation without signs of glaucoma. Methods. This prospective study was done over nine months on patients with pseudoexfoliation undergoing small incision cataract surgery. Only patients with normal intraocular pressure (Central Corneal Thickness Corrected), normal cup disc ratio and open angles were included. Patients on anti-glaucoma medication were excluded. Patients underwent surgery performed by a single senior surgeon. Intraoperative and postoperative day (POD) 1 findings were noted...
July 2017: Romanian Journal of Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29450383/eyesight-quality-and-computer-vision-syndrome
#5
Camelia Margareta Bogdănici, Diana Elena Săndulache, Corina Andreea Nechita
The aim of the study was to analyze the effects that gadgets have on eyesight quality. A prospective observational study was conducted from January to July 2016, on 60 people who were divided into two groups: Group 1 - 30 middle school pupils with a mean age of 11.9 ± 1.86 and Group 2 - 30 patients evaluated in the Ophthalmology Clinic, "Sf. Spiridon" Hospital, Iași, with a mean age of 21.36 ± 7.16 years. The clinical parameters observed were the following: visual acuity (VA), objective refraction, binocular vision (BV), fusional amplitude (FA), Schirmer's test...
April 2017: Romanian Journal of Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29446702/how-does-usage-of-serotonin-noradrenaline-reuptake-inhibitors-affect-intraocular-pressure-in-depression-patients
#6
Gamze Uçan Gündüz, Neslihan Parmak Yener, Oğuzhan Kılınçel, Cem Gündüz
PURPOSE: To evaluate anterior segment parameters and intraocular pressure (IOP) modifications in patients using serotonin noradrenaline reuptake inhibitors (SNRIs) due to major depressive disorder. METHODS: This cross-sectional study included 170 eyes of 85 subjects. All subjects were divided into three groups: group 1 included 44 healthy control subjects, group 2 included 22 patients receiving antidepressants for 1 week to 6 months, and group 3 included 19 patients receiving antidepressants for >6 months...
February 15, 2018: Journal of Ocular Pharmacology and Therapeutics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29440873/effect-of-phenylephrine-ketorolac-on-iris-fixation-ring-use-and-surgical-times-in-patients-at-risk-of-intraoperative-miosis
#7
Denise Visco
Purpose: To evaluate the effect of intracameral phenylephrine/ketorolac (1%/0.3%) during cataract surgery on the use of iris fixation ring and surgical time in patients with poor pupil dilation (≤5.0 mm) or intraoperative floppy iris syndrome (IFIS). Setting: Private practice outpatient surgical center. Design: This retrospective analysis was conducted from January 1, 2014 to October 7, 2015. Materials and methods: The use of iris fixation rings was evaluated in a retrospective analysis of 46 patients who underwent cataract surgery from January 1, 2014, to October 7, 2015, and who were identified before surgery to be at risk for intraoperative miosis...
2018: Clinical Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29440429/locus-coeruleus-integrity-in-old-age-is-selectively-related-to-memories-linked-with-salient-negative-events
#8
Dorothea Hämmerer, Martina F Callaghan, Alexandra Hopkins, Julian Kosciessa, Matthew Betts, Arturo Cardenas-Blanco, Martin Kanowski, Nikolaus Weiskopf, Peter Dayan, Raymond J Dolan, Emrah Düzel
The locus coeruleus (LC) is the principal origin of noradrenaline in the brain. LC integrity varies considerably across healthy older individuals, and is suggested to contribute to altered cognitive functions in aging. Here we test this hypothesis using an incidental memory task that is known to be susceptible to noradrenergic modulation. We used MRI neuromelanin (NM) imaging to assess LC structural integrity and pupillometry as a putative index of LC activation in both younger and older adults. We show that older adults with reduced structural LC integrity show poorer subsequent memory...
February 12, 2018: Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29437667/effectiveness-of-a-childhood-obesity-prevention-programme-delivered-through-schools-targeting-6-and-7-year-olds-cluster-randomised-controlled-trial-waves-study
#9
Peymane Adab, Miranda J Pallan, Emma R Lancashire, Karla Hemming, Emma Frew, Tim Barrett, Raj Bhopal, Janet E Cade, Alastair Canaway, Joanne L Clarke, Amanda Daley, Jonathan J Deeks, Joan L Duda, Ulf Ekelund, Paramjit Gill, Tania Griffin, Eleanor McGee, Kiya Hurley, James Martin, Jayne Parry, Sandra Passmore, K K Cheng
OBJECTIVE: To assess the effectiveness of a school and family based healthy lifestyle programme (WAVES intervention) compared with usual practice, in preventing childhood obesity. DESIGN: Cluster randomised controlled trial. SETTING: UK primary schools from the West Midlands. PARTICIPANTS: 200 schools were randomly selected from all state run primary schools within 35 miles of the study centre (n=980), oversampling those with high minority ethnic populations...
February 7, 2018: BMJ: British Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29436364/the-west-midlands-active-lifestyle-and-healthy-eating-in-school-children-waves-study-a-cluster-randomised-controlled-trial-testing-the-clinical-effectiveness-and-cost-effectiveness-of-a-multifaceted-obesity-prevention-intervention-programme-targeted-at-children
#10
Peymane Adab, Timothy Barrett, Raj Bhopal, Janet E Cade, Alastair Canaway, Kar Keung Cheng, Joanne Clarke, Amanda Daley, Jonathan Deeks, Joan Duda, Ulf Ekelund, Emma Frew, Paramjit Gill, Tania Griffin, Karla Hemming, Kiya Hurley, Emma R Lancashire, James Martin, Eleanor McGee, Miranda J Pallan, Jayne Parry, Sandra Passmore
BACKGROUND: Systematic reviews suggest that school-based interventions can be effective in preventing childhood obesity, but better-designed trials are needed that consider costs, process, equity, potential harms and longer-term outcomes. OBJECTIVE: To assess the clinical effectiveness and cost-effectiveness of the WAVES (West Midlands ActiVe lifestyle and healthy Eating in School children) study intervention, compared with usual practice, in preventing obesity among primary school children...
February 2018: Health Technology Assessment: HTA
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29435963/pupil-dilation-as-an-index-of-effort-in-cognitive-control-tasks-a-review
#11
REVIEW
Pauline van der Wel, Henk van Steenbergen
Pupillometry research has experienced an enormous revival in the last two decades. Here we briefly review the surge of recent studies on task-evoked pupil dilation in the context of cognitive control tasks with the primary aim being to evaluate the feasibility of using pupil dilation as an index of effort exertion, rather than task demand or difficulty. Our review shows that across the three cognitive control domains of updating, switching, and inhibition, increases in task demands typically leads to increases in pupil dilation...
February 12, 2018: Psychonomic Bulletin & Review
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29435822/do-simulated-gambling-activities-predict-gambling-with-real-money-during-adolescence-empirical-findings-from-a-longitudinal-study
#12
Tobias Hayer, Jens Kalke, Gerhard Meyer, Tim Brosowski
As technology has developed, the international gambling market has changed markedly in recent years. The supply of internet-based gambling opportunities has become ever more significant. At the same time, the introduction of new gambling opportunities always brings a demand for evidence-based scientific evaluation, with regard to the associated risks of addiction. Simulated internet gambling, which is the focus of this study, represents a relatively new product group located at the interface between gambling and computer gaming...
February 12, 2018: Journal of Gambling Studies
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29433914/is-it-possible-to-recover-from-traumatic-brain-injury-and-a-glasgow-coma-scale-score-of-3-at-emergency-department-presentation
#13
Farid Sadaka, Amar Jadhav, Melinda Miller, Ammar Saifo, Jacklyn O'Brien, Steven Trottier
INTRODUCTION: A Glasgow Coma Scale (GCS) score of 3 on presentation in patients with traumatic brain injury (TBI) portends a poor prognosis. Consequently, there is often a tendency to treat these patients less aggressively because of low expectations for a good outcome. METHODS AND RESULTS: We performed a retrospective review of patients with TBI and a GCS score of 3. Patients were divided into 2 groups based on Glasgow Outcome Scale (GOS): Group 1 (GOS=1-3) and Group 2 (GOS=4-5)...
January 31, 2018: American Journal of Emergency Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29431128/correlates-of-intensity-specific-physical-activity-in-children-aged-9-11-years-a-multilevel-analysis-of-uk-data-from-the-international-study-of-childhood-obesity-lifestyle-and-the-environment
#14
Hannah J Wilkie, Martyn Standage, Fiona B Gillison, Sean P Cumming, Peter T Katzmarzyk
OBJECTIVES: Physical activity (PA) can provide numerous physical and psychological health gains, yet a low proportion of children in England are sufficiently active to accrue benefit. Analysing the correlates of PA from a socioecological perspective may help to identify factors that promote versus discourage PA. The purpose of the present study was to: (1) assess the relationships between a wide range of potential correlates and intensity-specific PA and (2) explore which correlates are associated with meeting government PA guidelines...
February 3, 2018: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29429287/-observational-study-on-the-impact-of-corneal-power-on-refractive-status-of-patients-after-small-incision-lenticule-extraction-surgery
#15
T Liu, T Yu, J Pan, Y C Zou, L N Liu, Q X Kan, J Bai
Objective: To observe the change of refractive status and possible influencing factors for patients with different corneal power who underwent small incision lenticule extraction (SMILE) surgery. Methods: Prospective cohort study was performed for patients who underwent small incision lenticule extraction (SMILE) surgery at Daping Hospital and Research Institute of Surgery of Third Military Medical University between January and August 2016. The patients were divided into 3 groups according to their corneal power: low curvature group (K(1)≤41...
January 11, 2018: [Zhonghua Yan Ke za Zhi] Chinese Journal of Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29427918/recognition-method-of-construction-conflict-based-on-driver-s-eye-movement
#16
Yi Xu, Shiwu Li, Song Gao, Derong Tan, Dong Guo, Yuqiong Wang
Drivers eye movement data in simulated construction conflicts at different speeds were collected and analyzed to find the relationship between the drivers' eye movement and the construction conflict. On the basis of the relationship between the drivers' eye movement and the construction conflict, the peak point of wavelet processed pupil diameter, the first point on the left side of the peak point and the first blink point after the peak point are selected as key points for locating construction conflict periods...
February 7, 2018: Accident; Analysis and Prevention
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29427692/eating-with-eyes-comparing-eye-movements-and-food-choices-between-overweight-and-lean-individuals-in-a-real-life-buffet-setting
#17
Eunice Wang, Yusuf O Cakmak, Mei Peng
Researchers have long sought to pinpoint factors underpinning individual differences in eating behaviour. Emerging data from eye-tracking studies have suggested that attentional biases to food exist among individuals and food types. However, such studies have thus far focussed primarily on food images and computerised tasks, limiting real-world implications. The present study tested 32 healthy male participants (16 being overweight) for attentional biases in an ad libitum buffet setting, using wearable eye-trackers...
February 7, 2018: Appetite
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29427061/deep-coma-does-not-always-predict-poor-outcomes-among-patients-with-polytrauma
#18
Jen-Fu Huang, Chun-Hsiang Ou Yang, Chih-Yuan Fu, Yu-Tung Wu
PURPOSES: This study aimed to clarify the prognosis of polytrauma patients presenting to the emergency department (ED) with a Glasgow Coma Scale score (GCS) of 3. METHODS: A trauma registry system has been established at our institution since 2009. The current study reviewed patients in the registry who presented to the ED with a GCS of 3 from January 2011 to December 2015. Surviving and non-surviving patients were compared to identify the prognostic factors of patient survival...
February 9, 2018: European Journal of Trauma and Emergency Surgery: Official Publication of the European Trauma Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29426316/test-retest-repeatability-of-child-s-respiratory-symptoms-and-perceived-indoor-air-quality-comparing-self-and-parent-administered-questionnaires
#19
Jussi Lampi, Sari Ung-Lanki, Päivi Santalahti, Juha Pekkanen
BACKGROUND: Questionnaires can be used to assess perceived indoor air quality and symptoms in schools. Questionnaires for primary school aged children have traditionally been parent-administered, but self-administered questionnaires would be easier to administer and may yield as good, if not better, information. Our aim was to compare the repeatability of self- and parent-administered indoor air questionnaires designed for primary school aged pupils. METHODS: Indoor air questionnaire with questions on child's symptoms and perceived indoor air quality in schools was sent to parents of pupils aged 7-12 years in two schools and again after two weeks...
February 9, 2018: BMC Pulmonary Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29425056/human-brain-trauma-severity-is-associated-with-lectin-complement-pathway-activation
#20
Daiana De Blasio, Stefano Fumagalli, Franca Orsini, Laura Neglia, Carlo Perego, Fabrizio Ortolano, Elisa R Zanier, Edoardo Picetti, Marco Locatelli, Nino Stocchetti, Luca Longhi, Peter Garred, Maria-Grazia De Simoni
We explored the involvement of the lectin pathway of complement in post-traumatic brain injury (TBI) pathophysiology in humans. Brain samples were obtained from 28 patients who had undergone therapeutic contusion removal, within 12 h (early) or from >12 h until five days (late) from injury, and from five non-TBI patients. Imaging analysis indicated that lectin pathway initiator molecules (MBL, ficolin-1, ficolin-2 and ficolin-3), the key enzymes MASP-2 and MASP-3, and the downstream complement components (C3 fragments and TCC) were present inside and outside brain vessels in all contusions...
January 1, 2018: Journal of Cerebral Blood Flow and Metabolism
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