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pediatric bedside echocardiography

Yogen Singh, Anup C Katheria, Farha Vora
Shock in newborn infants has unique etiopathologic origins that require careful assessment to direct specific interventions. Early diagnosis is key to successful management. Unlike adults and pediatric patients, shock in newborn infants is often recognized in the uncompensated phase by the presence of hypotension, which may be too late. The routine methods of evaluation used in the adult and pediatric population are often invasive and less feasible. We aim to discuss the pathophysiology in shock in newborn infants, including the transitional changes at birth and unique features that contribute to the challenges in early identification...
2018: Frontiers in Pediatrics
Ryan W Morgan, Hannah R Stinson, Heather Wolfe, Robert B Lindell, Alexis A Topjian, Vinay M Nadkarni, Robert M Sutton, Robert A Berg, Todd J Kilbaugh
OBJECTIVES: Pulmonary embolism is a rarely reported and potentially treatable cause of cardiac arrest in children and adolescents. The objective of this case series is to describe the course of five adolescent patients with in-hospital cardiac arrest secondary to pulmonary embolism. DESIGN: Case series. SETTING: Single, large academic children's hospital. PATIENTS: All patients under the age of 18 years (n = 5) who experienced an in-hospital cardiac arrest due to apparent pulmonary embolism from August 1, 2013, to July 31, 2017...
March 2018: Critical Care Medicine
Cécile Tissot, Vincent Muehlethaler, Nicole Sekarski
Functional echocardiography has become an invaluable tool in the pediatric and neonatal intensive care unit. "Point-of-care," "target," or "focus" echocardiography allows bedside cardiac ultrasound evaluation of the hemodynamic status of the patient, helps in directing treatment, thus improves patients care. In order to be able to perform functional echocardiography, it is essential to understand the principles of ultrasound, to know the echocardiographic equipment and settings necessary to acquire the images...
2017: Frontiers in Pediatrics
Sanliay Şahin, Mutlu Uysal Yazıcı, Ganime Ayar, Tülin Köksal, İbrahim İlker Çetin, Filiz Ekici, Abdullah Kocabaş
OBJECTIVE: To determine the indication and necessity of echocardiographic assessment and therapeutic interventions in critically ill children. METHODS: A total of 140 children, including 75 mechanically ventilated (MV) and 65 spontaneously breathing (SB) children, who were admitted consecutively from March to August 2013 were evaluated prospectively. Data regarding the indication for echocardiography and therapeutic approaches used were documented. For evaluating disease severity, the Pediatric Risk of Mortality Score III (PRISM) was ascertained...
June 22, 2017: Anatolian Journal of Cardiology
Enrique Gomez-Pomar, Majd Makhoul, Philip M Westgate, Katrina T Ibonia, Abhijit Patwardhan, Peter J Giannone, Henrietta S Bada, Elie G Abu Jawdeh
BACKGROUND: Perfusion index (PI) is a noninvasive measure of perfusion. ΔPI (difference between pre- and postductal PI) may identify hemodynamically significant PDA. However, studies are limited to brief and intermittent ΔPI sampling. Our objective is to assess the value of continuous high resolution ΔPI monitoring in the diagnosis of PDA. METHODS: Continuous ΔPI monitoring in preterm infants was prospectively performed using two high-resolution pulse oximeters...
May 2017: Pediatric Research
Yahya Acar, Onur Tezel, Necati Salman, Erdem Cevik, Margarita Algaba-Montes, Alberto Oviedo-García, Mayra Patricio-Bordomás, Mustafa Z Mahmoud, Abdelmoneim Sulieman, Abbas Ali, Alrayah Mustafa, Ihab Abdelrahman, Mustafa Bahar, Osama Ali, H Lester Kirchner, Gregor Prosen, Ajda Anzic, Paul Leeson, Maryam Bahreini, Fatemeh Rasooli, Houman Hosseinnejad, Gabriel Blecher, Robert Meek, Diana Egerton-Warburton, Edina Ćatić Ćuti, Stanko Belina, Tihomir Vančina, Idriz Kovačević, Nadan Rustemović, Ikwan Chang, Jin Hee Lee, Young Ho Kwak, Do Kyun Kim, Chi-Yung Cheng, Hsiu-Yung Pan, Chia-Te Kung, Ela Ćurčić, Ena Pritišanac, Ivo Planinc, Marijana Grgić Medić, Radovan Radonić, Abiola Fasina, Anthony J Dean, Nova L Panebianco, Patricia S Henwood, Oliviero Fochi, Moreno Favarato, Ezio Bonanomi, Ivan Tomić, Youngrock Ha, Hongchuen Toh, Elizabeth Harmon, Wilma Chan, Cameron Baston, Gail Morrison, Frances Shofer, Angela Hua, Sharon Kim, James Tsung, Isa Gunaydin, Zeynep Kekec, Mehmet Oguzhan Ay, Jinjoo Kim, Jinhyun Kim, Gyoosung Choi, Dowon Shim, Ji-Han Lee, Jana Ambrozic, Katja Prokselj, Miha Lucovnik, Gabrijela Brzan Simenc, Asta Mačiulienė, Almantas Maleckas, Algimantas Kriščiukaitis, Vytautas Mačiulis, Andrius Macas, Sharad Mohite, Zoltan Narancsik, Hugon Možina, Sara Nikolić, Jan Hansel, Rok Petrovčič, Una Mršić, Simon Orlob, Markus Lerchbaumer, Niklas Schönegger, Reinhard Kaufmann, Chun-I Pan, Chien-Hung Wu, Sarah Pasquale, Stephanie J Doniger, Sharon Yellin, Gerardo Chiricolo, Maja Potisek, Borut Drnovšek, Boštjan Leskovar, Kristine Robinson, Clara Kraft, Benjamin Moser, Stephen Davis, Shelley Layman, Yusef Sayeed, Joseph Minardi, Irmina Sefic Pasic, Amra Dzananovic, Anes Pasic, Sandra Vegar Zubovic, Ana Godan Hauptman, Ana Vujaklija Brajkovic, Jaksa Babel, Marina Peklic, Vedran Radonic, Luka Bielen, Peh Wee Ming, Nur Hafiza Yezid, Fatahul Laham Mohammed, Zainal Abidin Huda, Wan Nasarudin Wan Ismail, W Yus Haniff W Isa, Hashairi Fauzi, Praveena Seeva, Mohd Zulfakar Mazlan
A1 Point-of-care ultrasound examination of cervical spine in emergency departmentYahya Acar, Onur Tezel, Necati SalmanA2 A new technique in verifying the placement of a nasogastric tube: obtaining the longitudinal view of nasogastric tube in addition to transverse view with ultrasoundYahya Acar, Necati Salman, Onur Tezel, Erdem CevikA3 Pseudoaneurysm of the femoral artery after cannulation of a central venous line. Should we always use ultrasound in these procedures?Margarita Algaba-Montes, Alberto Oviedo-García, Mayra Patricio-BordomásA4 Ultrasound-guided supraclavicular subclavian vein catheterization...
September 2016: Critical Ultrasound Journal
Francesco Raimondi, Salvatore Porzio, Luigi Balestriere, Pasquale Esposito, Alfredo Santantonio, Ferdinando Spagnuolo, Antonietta Giannattasio, Letizia Capasso, Francesco de Leva
Targeted echocardiography has been promoted by neonatologists in recent years but some aspects of its efficacy remain unexplored. We carried out a survey among trainees of targeted echocardiography courses in order to describe their professional characteristics and abilities. Thirty-eight former trainees were included in the survey. Seventy-six percent were experienced neonatologists and 84% practiced other bedside ultrasound diagnostics. Respondents practiced all major indications of targeted echocardiography, with a variable degree of interaction with available Cardiology services...
May 2017: Journal of Maternal-fetal & Neonatal Medicine
Alexander Levitov, Heidi L Frankel, Michael Blaivas, Andrew W Kirkpatrick, Erik Su, David Evans, Douglas T Summerfield, Anthony Slonim, Raoul Breitkreutz, Susanna Price, Matthew McLaughlin, Paul E Marik, Mahmoud Elbarbary
OBJECTIVE: To establish evidence-based guidelines for the use of bedside cardiac ultrasound, echocardiography, in the ICU and equivalent care sites. METHODS: Grading of Recommendations, Assessment, Development and Evaluation system was used to rank the "levels" of quality of evidence into high (A), moderate (B), or low (C) and to determine the "strength" of recommendations as either strong (strength class 1) or conditional/weak (strength class 2), thus generating six "grades" of recommendations (1A-1B-1C-2A-2B-2C)...
June 2016: Critical Care Medicine
Fatma Rabah, Khalfan Al-Senaidi, Ismail Beshlawi, Alddai Alnair, Anas-Alwogud Ahmed Abdelmogheth
OBJECTIVE: Echocardiography has become an indispensable bedside diagnostic tool in the realm of pediatric intensive care units (PICU). It has proven to be an influential factor in the formula of clinical decision-making. This study aimed to delineate the impact of echocardiography on the management of critically ill pediatric patients in the PICU at Sultan Qaboos University Hospital, Oman. METHOD: This was a retrospective cohort study conducted in a five-bed PICU...
January 2016: Jornal de Pediatria
Kelly Marie van Diepen, Claudia Lace de Almeida, April Jacqueline Kam
A previously healthy 14-year-old girl presented to the emergency department with a 3-day history of upper respiratory symptoms and 2 syncopal episodes. She was initially febrile, tachycardic, and tachypneic; the initial electrocardiogram showed diffuse T-wave inversions and right atrial enlargement. There was no pericardial effusion on bedside and formal echocardiography; the latter, however, revealed a hyperechogenic pericardium. A viral swab was positive for influenza B. Treatment with intravenous rehydration and ibuprofen was started with good response...
May 2016: Pediatric Emergency Care
Anita Saxena
Lesions of the heart valves are the commonest acquired cardiac abnormalities seen in pediatric age group. In India, the underlying cause for most valvular diseases is chronic rheumatic heart disease (RHD). The aim of evaluation of patients with valvular heart disease is not only to make a diagnosis, but also to decide the management plan. The pediatrician or physician is usually the first health care provider to whom such patients (or their parents) report. It is therefore imperative that the general physician and pediatricians are well versed with valvular heart diseases...
November 2015: Indian Journal of Pediatrics
Jin Xu, Yanxia Gao, Yi Li, Xuezhong Yu, Shigong Guo, Meilin Li
BACKGROUND: Cardiac myxomas rarely occur in children or adolescents. In addition, it is even more rare for the adolescent patient to present with neurological symptoms only. Early diagnosis is difficult because the symptoms of left atrial myxoma are frequently nonspecific. If delayed or left undiagnosed, severe and fatal complications, such as systemic embolism, heart failure, and pulmonary hypertension, may occur. CASE REPORT: A 13-year-old girl was admitted to our resuscitation room because of loss of consciousness for the preceding 2 h; she had a longstanding history of headache and dizziness for the previous 18 months...
February 2015: Journal of Emergency Medicine
Erik Su, Aliaksei Pustavoitau, Elliotte L Hirshberg, Akira Nishisaki, Thomas Conlon, David B Kantor, Mark D Weber, Aaron J Godshall, Jeffrey H Burzynski, Ann E Thompson
OBJECTIVE: To discuss pediatric intensivist-driven ultrasound and the exigent need for research and practice definitions pertaining to its implementation within pediatric critical care, specifically addressing issues in ultrasound-guided vascular access and intensivist-driven echocardiography. CONCLUSIONS: Intensivist-driven ultrasound improves procedure safety and reduces time to diagnosis in clinical ultrasound applications, as demonstrated primarily in adult patients...
September 2014: Pediatric Critical Care Medicine
Alan Riley, Craig Sable, Aparna Prasad, Christopher Spurney, Ashraf Harahsheh, Sarah Clauss, Jessica Colyer, Marcin Gierdalski, Ashley Johnson, Gail D Pearson, Joanna Rosenthal
Adult patient series have shown hand-held echocardiography (echo) units (HHE) to be accurate for rapid diagnosis and triage. This is the first study to evaluate the ability of HHE to inform decision making in outpatient pediatric cardiology. New pediatric cardiology patients in outpatient clinics staffed by six pediatric cardiologists (experience 1-17 years) were prospectively enrolled if an echocardiogram (echo) was ordered during their initial visit. After history and physical examination and before a standard echo, the cardiologists performed a bedside HHE examination (GE Vscan 1...
December 2014: Pediatric Cardiology
Suchitra Ranjit, Gnanam Aram, Niranjan Kissoon, Mhd Kashif Ali, Rajeshwari Natraj, Sharad Shresti, Indira Jayakumar, Deepika Gandhi
OBJECTIVES: To evaluate the cardiovascular aberrations using multimodal monitoring in fluid refractory pediatric septic shock and describe the clinical characteristics of septic myocardial dysfunction. DESIGN: Prospective observational study of patients with unresolved septic shock after infusion of 40 mL/kg fluid in the first hour. SETTING: Two tertiary care referral Indian PICUs. PATIENTS: Patients aged 1 month to 16 years who had fluid refractory septic shock...
January 2014: Pediatric Critical Care Medicine
Suchitra Ranjit, Niranjan Kissoon
OBJECTIVE: To report changes in the cardiovascular management of fluid and inotropic resistant septic shock in children based on echocardiography. DESIGN: Retrospective case series. SETTING: Tertiary care Pediatric Intensive Care Unit (PICU), Chennai. PATIENTS: Twenty-two patients with unresolved septic shock after 60 ml/kg fluid plus inotropic agents in the first hour. INTERVENTIONS: Bedside echocardiography (echo) within 6 h of admission to the PICU...
July 2013: Indian Journal of Critical Care Medicine
Praveen Khilnani
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
July 2013: Indian Journal of Critical Care Medicine
George Ofori-Amanfo, Ira M Cheifetz
Postoperative care of cardiac patients requires a comprehensive and multidisciplinary approach to critically ill patients with cardiac disease whose care requires a clear understanding of cardiovascular physiology. When a patient fails to progress along the projected course or decompensates acutely, prompt evaluation with bedside assessment, laboratory evaluation, and echocardiography is essential. When things do not add up, cardiac catheterization must be seriously considered. With continued advancements in the field of neonatal and pediatric postoperative cardiac care, continued improvements in overall outcomes for this specialized population are anticipated...
April 2013: Critical Care Clinics
Helen Holtby, Justin J Skowno, Daryl J Kor, Randall P Flick, Shoichi Uezono
This article reviews potential pediatric applications of 3 new technologies. (1) Pulse oximetry-based hemoglobin determination: Hemoglobin determination using spectrophotometric methods recently has been introduced in adults with varied success. This non-invasive and continuous technology may avoid venipuncture and unnecessary transfusion in children undergoing surgery with major blood loss, premature infants undergoing unexpected and complicated emergency surgery, and children with chronic illness. (2) Continuous cardiac output monitoring: In adults, advanced hemodynamic monitoring such as continuous cardiac output monitoring has been associated with better surgical outcomes...
October 2012: Paediatric Anaesthesia
Adam Sivitz, Arun Nagdev
Heart failure as a result of cardiomyopathy is an uncommon presentation in the pediatric emergency department (PED). The initial presenting symptoms in these cases are often nonspecific and may be confused with more common pediatric illnesses. We report a case of a 3-year-old girl initially discharged from a PED after routine evaluation of vomiting and diarrhea with a diagnosis of acute gastroenteritis only to return 1 week later in heart failure from a dilated cardiomyopathy. A bedside ultrasound performed by the emergency physician in the PED allowed for the initiation of appropriate, rapid, goal-directed therapy and expedited timely transport to a facility with pediatric cardiothoracic surgery...
February 2012: Pediatric Emergency Care
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