keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

Adriamycin

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28524233/bortezomib-sensitizes-human-osteosarcoma-cells-to-adriamycin-induced-apoptosis-through-ros-dependent-activation-of-p-eif2%C3%AE-atf4-chop-axis
#1
Miao Xian, Handi Cao, Ji Cao, Xuejing Shao, Difeng Zhu, Ning Zhang, Ping Huang, Weixu Li, Bo Yang, Meidan Ying, Qiaojun He
Osteosarcoma is the most common bone cancer, and chemotherapy is currently indispensable for its treatment. Adriamycin has been claimed to be the most effective agent for osteosarcoma, however, the outcome of adriamycin chemotherapy remains unsatisfactory. Here, we reported a potent combination therapy that bortezomib, a proteasome inhibitor, enhances adriamycin-induced apoptosis to eliminate osteosarcoma cells and we revealed that the activation of p-eIF2α/ATF4/CHOP axis is the underlying associated mechanisms...
May 19, 2017: International Journal of Cancer. Journal International du Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28516133/transcatheter-arterial-chemoembolization-of-hepatocellular-carcinoma-in-patients-with-celiac-axis-occlusion-using-pancreaticoduodenal-arcade-as-a-challenging-alternative-route
#2
Noha M Attia, Moustafa H M Othman
INTRODUCTION: Celiac axis occlusion is a challenging condition when catheterization of the hepatic artery is required for chemoembolization of hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC). As a result, the hepatic artery has to be catheterized through the pancreaticoduodenal arcades (PDA) and the gastroduodenal artery (GDA) from the superior mesenteric artery (SMA) which is a tortuous course with acute angles and small caliber branches. OBJECTIVE: To assess new techniques for facilitating catheterization of the tortuous PDA and the GDA to reach the proper hepatic artery (PHA) and tumor-feeding branches in patients with celiac axis occlusion undergoing chemoembolization of HCC...
2017: European Journal of Radiology Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28515919/programmed-death-ligand-1-expression-is-associated-with-fibrosarcomatous-transformation-of-dermatofibrosarcoma-protuberans
#3
Kenji Tsuchihashi, Hitoshi Kusaba, Yuichi Yamada, Yuta Okumura, Hozumi Shimokawa, Masato Komoda, Keita Uchino, Tomoyasu Yoshihiro, Nobuhiro Tsuruta, Fumiyasu Hanamura, Kyoko Inadomi, Mamoru Ito, Kosuke Sagara, Michitaka Nakano, Kenta Nio, Shuji Arita, Hiroshi Ariyama, Kenichi Kohashi, Ryuji Tominaga, Yoshinao Oda, Koichi Akashi, Eishi Baba
Dermatofibrosarcoma protuberans (DFSP) is a locally invading tumor, characterized by the presence of the collagen type I α 1 (COL1A1)-platelet-derived growth factor (PDGF) β fusion gene. We herein report the case of a 31-year-old man with a history of resection of an abdominal wall DFSP. The patient presented with chest pain and a computed tomography scan revealed a large mass in the posterior mediastinum and another mass in the right lung. The mediastinal mass was a sarcomatous lesion expressing the COL1A1-PDGFβ fusion gene, suggesting that it represented a metastasis of the DFSP following fibrosarcomatous (FS) transformation...
May 2017: Molecular and Clinical Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28511560/synthesis-and-in-vitro-antitumour-activities-of-lupeol-derivatives
#4
Weijie Li, Yeyu Xiao
Nine lupeol derivatives were synthesised and assayed in vitro for their antitumour activities against three human tumour cells lines, A549, LAC and HepG2. Of lupeol derivaties, six were new compounds, and five compounds against A549 cells, four compounds against HepG2 cells and three compounds against LAC cells were effective in reducing viability, and the most promising compounds 5, 6 and 9 exhibited high activities against lung and liver cancer cells, even higher activities than those of adriamycin.
May 16, 2017: Natural Product Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28504035/bleomycin-pulmonary-toxicity-does-not-adversely-affect-the-outcome-of-patients-with-hodgkin-lymphoma
#5
Haowei Linda Sun, Eshetu G Atenafu, Richard Tsang, Vishal Kukreti, Theodore K Marras, Michael Crump, John Kuruvilla
Bleomycin pulmonary toxicity (BPT) is a well-described complication of bleomycin-containing regimens. Previous data on risk factors and the impact of BPT on survival in Hodgkin lymphoma (HL) were conflicting. We reviewed 253 HL patients treated with adriamycin, bleomycin, vinblastine, dacarbazine (ABVD) at the Princess Margaret Hospital from 1999 to 2009 to examine the incidence and risk factors for BPT, and the effect of BPT on survival. BPT was defined by pulmonary symptoms, bilateral interstitial infiltrates on computed tomography, and the absence of infection...
May 15, 2017: Leukemia & Lymphoma
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28485782/nac-attenuates-adriamycin-induced-nephrotic-syndrome-in-rats-through-regulating-tlr4-signaling-pathway
#6
H Yao, Z-Y Cai, Z-X Sheng
OBJECTIVE: Nephrotic syndrome (NS) is a detrimental renal disease that affects a large population. It is suggested that Toll-like Receptor 4 (TLR4) signaling pathway plays an important role in NS. The aim of this study was to evaluate the immunosuppressive effect of N-acetylcysteine (NAC) in the treatment of NS elucidate its interaction with TLR4 pathway in a rat model. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Rat NS model was constructed using the Bertain method by injecting adriamycin (4...
April 2017: European Review for Medical and Pharmacological Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28472803/bortezomib-thalidomide-and-dexamethasone-vtd-induction-results-in-better-overall-survival-than-adriamycin-thalidomide-and-dexamethasone-atd-induction-in-previously-untreated-myeloma-patients-eligible-for-transplants
#7
Jia-Feng Chen, Ling-Fei Xiao, Ran Zhang, Zi-Hang Zeng, Yi-Xuan Li, Xiang-Yu Meng
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
May 5, 2017: Acta Haematologica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28469346/primitive-neuroectodermal-tumor-of-lung-in-adult-with-hemorrhagic-brain-metastasis-an-extremely-rare-case-scenario
#8
Abhishek Purkayastha, Neelam Sharma, Amul Kapur, Kavita Sahai
Primitive neuroectodermal tumors (PNETs) are highly malignant neoplasms of embryonal origin manifesting in children and adolescents, rarely seen in adults. Carcinoma lung with hemorrhagic metastasis to the brain is very common, but primary lung PNET with hemorrhagic brain metastasis is extremely uncommon. We hereby report a 29-year-old female diagnosed as PNET lung was treated with vincristine, adriamycin, and cyclophosphamide alternating with ifosfamide plus etoposide followed by radiotherapy (RT). After 9 months, she developed hemorrhagic brain metastasis from PNET lung confirmed from tissue immunohistology postcraniotomy...
January 2017: Indian Journal of Medical and Paediatric Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28467388/chemistry-and-selective-tumor-cell-growth-inhibitory-activity-of-polyketides-from-the-south-china-sea-sponge-plakortis-sp
#9
Jiao Li, Cui Li, Raffaele Riccio, Gianluigi Lauro, Giuseppe Bifulco, Tie-Jun Li, Hua Tang, Chun-Lin Zhuang, Hao Ma, Peng Sun, Wen Zhang
Simplextone E (1), a new metabolite of polyketide origin, was isolated with eight known analogues (2-9) from the South China Sea sponge Plakortis sp. The relative configuration of the new compound was elucidated by a detailed analysis of the spectroscopic data and quantum mechanical calculation of NMR chemical shifts, aided by the newly reported DP4+ approach. Its absolute configuration was determined by the TDDFT/ECD calculation. Simplextone E (1) is proven to be one of the isomers of simplextone D. The absolute configuration at C-8 in alkyl chain of plakortone Q (2) was also assigned based on the NMR calculation...
May 3, 2017: Marine Drugs
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28454341/the-role-of-fadd-in-pancreatic-cancer-cell-proliferation-and-drug-resistance
#10
Rong Zhang, Yingting Liu, Kahina Hammache, Liangqiang He, Bo Zhu, Wei Cheng, Zi-Chun Hua
Pancreatic cancer has one of the poorest patient outcomes and is highly resistant to chemotherapy. Identifying the molecular mechanisms involved in drug resistance is critical in the development of novel strategies to treat pancreatic cancer. The results of the present study demonstrate that Fas-associated death domain protein (FADD), a classical adaptor protein mediating apoptotic stimuli-induced cell death, protects pancreatic cancer cells from drug-induced apoptosis. In contrast to its classical apoptotic roles, it was observed that FADD is required for pancreatic cancer cell proliferation and that it is overexpressed to varying degrees in various types of pancreatic cancer cell...
March 2017: Oncology Letters
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28446298/-clinical-effects-of-different-chemotherapeutic-regimens-on-the-patients-with-multiple-myeloma
#11
Shu Wang, Hong-Mei Guan
OBJECTIVE: To explore the clinical effects of T-VD regimen (bortezomib+dexamethasone+thalidomid) and T-VAD regimen (vincristine+adriamycin+dexamethasone+thalidomide) on the patients with multiple myeloma(MM). METHODS: Thirty cases of MM treated by T-VD(T-VD group) and 30 cases of MM treated by T-VAD(T-VAD group) from April 2010 to April 2012 were included in this study. The clinical effects and long-term survival were compared betwwen these 2 groups. RESULTS: Both the CR and ORR in T-VD group were higher than those in T-VAD group(P<0...
April 2017: Zhongguo Shi Yan Xue Ye Xue za Zhi
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28439677/ap-2%C3%AE-reverses-vincristine-induced-multidrug-resistance-of-sgc7901-gastric-cancer-cells-by-inhibiting-the-notch-pathway
#12
Wei Lian, Li Zhang, Long Yang, Wensheng Chen
Multidrug resistance (MDR) remains a major clinical obstacle in the treatment of gastric cancer (GC) since it causes tumor recurrence and metastasis. The transcription factor activator protein-2α (AP-2α) has been implicated in drug-resistance in breast cancer; however, its effects on MDR of gastric cancer are far from understood. In this study, we aimed to explore the effects of AP-2α on the MDR in gastric cancer cells selected by vincristine (VCR). Decreased AP-2α levels were markedly detected by RT-PCR and Western blot in gastric cancer cell lines (BGC-823, SGC-7901, AGS, MKN-45) compared with that in the gastric epithelial cell line (GES-1)...
April 24, 2017: Apoptosis: An International Journal on Programmed Cell Death
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28439106/lenalidomide-adriamycin-dexamethasone-rad-for-induction-followed-by-stem-cell-transplant-in-newly-diagnosed-myeloma
#13
S Knop, C Langer, M Engelhardt, L-O Mügge, A Reichle, W Rösler, F Bassermann, B Hertenstein, A Kunitz, C Röllig, H Ostermann, K Schäfer-Eckart, M Ringhoffer, A Günther, C Junghanss, H Biersack, M Schreder, A Liebert, S Held, H Einsele, R C Bargou
Leukemia accepted article preview online, 25 April 2017. doi:10.1038/leu.2017.124.
April 25, 2017: Leukemia: Official Journal of the Leukemia Society of America, Leukemia Research Fund, U.K
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28438694/predictive-role-of-gstp1-containing-exosomes-in-chemotherapy-resistant-breast-cancer
#14
Su-Jin Yang, Dan-Dan Wang, Jian Li, Han-Zi Xu, Hong-Yu Shen, Xiu Chen, Si-Ying Zhou, Shan-Liang Zhong, Jian-Hua Zhao, Jin-Hai Tang
Anthracycline/taxane-based chemotherapy regimens are usually used as neoadjuvant chemotherapies to decrease tumour size and prevent metastasis of advanced breast cancer. However, patients have a high risk of developing chemo-resistance during treatment through still unknown mechanisms. Glutathione S-transferase P1 (GSTP1), which belongs to the family of phase II metabolic enzymes, has been reported to function in detoxifying several anti-cancer drugs by conjugating them with glutathione. Previous studies have identified GSTP1 as a predictor of prognosis and chemo-resistance in breast cancer patients, but the mechanisms governing GSTP1-dependent drug resistance are still unclear...
April 21, 2017: Gene
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28436633/-lc-ms-guided-approach-to-discovering-nephroprotective-substances-from-huangkui-capsule
#15
Tingting Ma, Yi Wang, Xiaoqian Chen, Xiaoping Zhao
Objective: To discover the nephroprotective substances from Huangkui capsule. Methods: The components of Huangkui capsule were isolated by preparative liquid chromatography, and the active components were screened by LC/MS and identified. The adriamycine-injured HK-2 cells were treated with various active components with different concentrations, and the malonaldehyde (MDA) content, adenosine triphosphate (ATP) level and mitochondrial oxygen consumption rate were measured to verify the protective activity of the compounds...
January 25, 2017: Zhejiang da Xue Xue Bao. Yi Xue Ban, Journal of Zhejiang University. Medical Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28432084/topoisomerase2%C3%AE-and-thymidylate-synthase-expression-in-adrenocortical-cancer
#16
Elisa Roca, Alfredo Berruti, Silviu Sbiera, Ida Rapa, Ester Oneda, Paola Sperone, Cristina L Ronchi, Laura Ferrari, Salvatore Grisanti, Antonina Germano, Barbara Zaggia, Giorgio Scagliotti, Martin Fassnacht, Marco Volante, Massimo Terzolo, Mauro Papotti
Topoisomerase II alpha (TOP2A) and Thymidylate Synthase (TS) are known prognostic parameters in several tumors and also predictors of efficacy of anthracyclines, topoisomerase inhibitors and fluoropirimidines, respectively. Expression of TOP2A and TS mRNA was assessed in 98 patients with adrenocortical carcinoma (ACC) and protein expression was assessed by immunohistochemistry in a subset of 39 tumors. Ninety-two patients were radically resected for stage II-III disease and 38 of them received adjuvant mitotane...
April 21, 2017: Endocrine-related Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28431975/liposomal-curcumin-alters-chemosensitivity-of-breast-cancer-cells-to-adriamycin-via-regulating-microrna-expression
#17
Siying Zhou, Jian Li, Hanzi Xu, Sijie Zhang, Xiu Chen, Wei Chen, Sujin Yang, Shanliang Zhong, Jianhua Zhao, Jinhai Tang
BACKGROUND: Emerging evidence suggests that curcumin can overcome drug resistance to classical chemotherapies, but poor bioavailability and low absorption have limited its clinical use and the mechanisms remain unclear. Also, Adriamycin (Adr) is one of the most active cytotoxic agents in breast cancer; however, the high resistant rate of Adr leads to a poor prognosis. METHODS: We utilized encapsulation in liposomes as a strategy to improve the bioavailability of curcumin and demonstrated that liposomal curcumin altered chemosensitivity of Adr-resistant MCF-7 human breast cancer (MCF-7/Adr) by MTT assay...
April 18, 2017: Gene
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28430627/the-long-non-coding-rna-h19-promotes-cardiomyocyte-apoptosis-in-dilated-cardiomyopathy
#18
Yanlin Zhang, Mengyao Zhang, Weiting Xu, Jianchang Chen, Xiang Zhou
In the previous study, we generated a rat model of dilated cardiomyopathy (DCM) induced by adriamycin and found that the expression of lncRNA H19 was significantly upregulated in myocardial tissue. The present study was aimed to investigate the potential role of H19 in the pathogenesis of adriamycin-induced DCM. H19 knockdown in the myocardium of DCM rats attenuated cardiomyocyte apoptosis and improved left ventricular structure and function. Adriamycin treatment was associated with elevated H19 and miR-675 expression and increased apoptosis in neonatal cardiomyocytes...
April 25, 2017: Oncotarget
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28430348/adjuvant-and-neoadjuvant-chemotherapy-for-soft-tissue-sarcomas-a-personal-point-of-view
#19
Robert S Benjamin
Dr. Gianni Bonadonna is internationally recognized as one of the foremost medical oncologists of the 20th century. He is best known for his pioneering work in the development of adjuvant chemotherapy for breast cancer, but he was also the father of sarcoma chemotherapy. The first investigator to study the new chemotherapeutic agent adriamycin in the late 1960s, he noted activity against sarcomas. This article, focusing on adjuvant chemotherapy, adriamycin, and sarcomas, memorializes his achievements and their progeny...
April 7, 2017: Tumori
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28429654/microrna-451-regulates-chemoresistance-in-renal-cell-carcinoma-by-targeting-atf-2-gene
#20
Xiang Sun, Longhua Lou, Kezhao Zhong, Lijuan Wan
Renal cell carcinoma (RCC) is a malignant tumor, which severely threatens human's life, moreover, the multi-drug resistance (MDR) under RCC undoubtedly strengthen the difficulties in the treatment. MiR-451 has been considered to play an important role in regulation of MDR in several cancers, but the role of it in MDR of RCC has not been explored. This study aims to explore the mechanism of miR-451 as a target to regulate chemotherapy resistance, which is crucial for further exploring novel therapy for RCC. Two human cell lines (ACHN and GRC-1) were performed in this study and adriamycin (ADM) was used to construct MDR cell lines...
January 1, 2017: Experimental Biology and Medicine
keyword
keyword
2811
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"