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Adriamycin

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28821164/cape-gooseberry-physalis-peruviana-juice-as-a-modulator-agent-for-hepatocellular-carcinoma-linked-apoptosis-and-cell-cycle-arrest
#1
Hanaa A Hassan, Hanaa M Serag, Makwan S Qadir, Mohamed Fawzy Ramadan
BACKGROUND: Cape gooseberry (Physalis peruviana) fruit is highly nutritious with high content of health-promoting compounds including minerals, phenolic compounds, as well as vitamins A and C. Physalis peruviana fruits were used as mutagenic, antispasmodic, anticoagulant, and antileucemis agents. OBJECTIVE: The objective of the present work was to study the role of cape gooseberry juice (CG) as a natural modulator agent for adverse aspects associated with hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC)...
August 14, 2017: Biomedicine & Pharmacotherapy, Biomédecine & Pharmacothérapie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28818459/a-novel-delocalized-lipophilic-cation-chlorambucil-conjugate-inhibits-p-glycoprotein-in-hepg2-adm-cells
#2
Teng Liu, Yongbo Peng, Xiong Li, Lian Liu, Fang Liu, Leye He
Multidrug resistance (MDR) limits the application of a large number of cancer-fighting agents in clinical therapy. One reason is that P-glycoprotein (Pgp) efflux pumps are usually overexpressed and lead to drug efflux in the cancer cells, which limits the viability of many chemotherapeutics. Current available inhibitors which block the Pgp pump efflux are usually not widely used in clinical practice, because they change other drug pharmacokinetic profiles or increase side effects. Here, through covalent linkage of cancer-targeting delocalized lipophilic cation FF and DNA-damaging drug nitrogen mustard chlorambucil (CLB), we rationally designed and synthesized a tumor-targeting anticancer agent FFCLB...
August 4, 2017: Bioorganic & Medicinal Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28818093/case-report-value-of-gene-expression-profiling-in-the-diagnosis-of-atypical-neuroblastoma
#3
Anne C Harttrampf, Qingrong Chen, Eva Jüttner, Julia Geiger, Gordon Vansant, Javed Khan, Udo Kontny
BACKGROUND: Nephroblastoma and neuroblastoma belong to the most common abdominal malignancies in childhood. Similarities in the initial presentation may provide difficulties in distinguishing between these two entities, especially if unusual variations to prevalent patterns of disease manifestation occur. Because of the risk of tumor rupture, European protocols do not require biopsy for diagnosis, which leads to misdiagnosis in some cases. CASE PRESENTATION: We report on a 4½-year-old girl with a renal tumor displaying radiological and laboratory characteristics supporting the diagnosis of nephroblastoma...
August 17, 2017: BMC Research Notes
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28815813/primary-osteosarcoma-of-the-uterine-cervix-a-case-report
#4
Keita Tsuji, Yoh Watanabe, Hideki Tokunaga, Muneaki Shimada, Mika Watanabe, Nobuo Yaegashi
Primary osteosarcoma of the uterine cervix is extremely rare. Only 20 cases have been reported, 19 of which originated in the uterine corpus. We report a case of primary uterine cervical osteosarcoma with pulmonary metastasis in a 30-year-old nulligravida woman. The initial diagnosis was carcinosarcoma of the uterine cervix, as detected by cervical cytology and biopsy analysis. We performed a total hysterectomy, bilateral salpingo-oophorectomy and colostomy without macroscopic residual tumors in the abdominal cavity, but pelvic recurrent tumors appeared 14 days postoperatively...
August 17, 2017: Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28803498/screening-circular-rna-related-to-chemotherapeutic-resistance-in-breast-cancer
#5
Danfeng Gao, Xiufen Zhang, Beibei Liu, Dong Meng, Kai Fang, Zijian Guo, Lihua Li
AIM: We aimed to identify circular RNAs (circRNAs) associated with breast cancer chemoresistance. MATERIALS & METHODS: CircRNA microarray expression profiles were obtained from Adriamycin (ADM) resistant MCF-7 breast cancer cells (MCF-7/ADM) and parental MCF-7 cells and were validated using quantitative real-time reverse transcription PCR. The expression data were analyzed bioinformatically. RESULTS: We detected 3093 circRNAs and identified 18 circRNAs that are differentially expressed between MCF-7/ADM and MCF-7 cells; after validating by quantitative real-time reverse transcription PCR, we predicted the possible miRNAs and potential target genes of the seven upregulated circRNAs using TargetScan and miRanda...
August 14, 2017: Epigenomics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28798804/sinomenine-hydrochloride-attenuates-renal-fibrosis-by-inhibiting-excessive-autophagy-induced-by-adriamycin-an-experimental-study
#6
Ming-Ming Zhao, Bin Yang, Qiu Zhang, Jin-Hu Wang, Jin-Ning Zhao, Yu Zhang
The objective of this study is to investigate if sinomenine hydrochloride (SIN-HCl) could be effective against adriamycin-induced renal fibrosis by regulating autophagy in a rat model. Forty male Sprague-Dawley (SD) rats were randomly divided into control group, model group, telmisartan group, and SIN-HCl group; rat model was induced by adriamycin; all rats were given intragastric administration for 6 weeks. Urine was collected from rats in metabolic cages to determine 24 h protein level. This was done after intragastric administration for the first two weeks and then once for every two weeks...
2017: Evidence-based Complementary and Alternative Medicine: ECAM
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28797827/interaction-between-mtor-pathway-inhibition-and-autophagy-induction-attenuates-adriamycin-induced-vascular-smooth-muscle-cell-senescence-through-decreased-expressions-of-p53-p21-p16
#7
Jin Young Sung, Kyung Young Lee, Jae-Ryong Kim, Hyoung Chul Choi
Cellular senescence is related to aging and extremely stable proliferative arrest with active metabolism. Senescent cells can activate mammalian target of rapamycin (mTOR) pathway, which plays a crucial role in the regulation of cell metabolism, cellular growth, and autophagy in senescence-associated cardiovascular diseases. Therefore, we examined whether mTOR pathway could induce cellular senescence by inhibition of autophagy in vascular smooth muscle cells (VSMCs). We found that adriamycin-induced VSMC senescence is accompanied by increased activity of mTOR, a major controller of cell growth and a negative regulator of autophagy...
August 7, 2017: Experimental Gerontology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28797008/resveratrol-attenuates-adriamycin-induced-focal-segmental-glomerulosclerosis-through-c3ar-c5ar-sphingosine-kinase-1-pathway
#8
Guoyong Liu, Qiang Wang, Yan Shi, Xiaofei Peng, Hong Liu, Youming Peng, Liyu He
BACKGROUND/AIM: Focal segmental glomerulosclerosis (FSGS) typically presents with nephrotic range proteinuria, which could eventually develop into end-stage renal disease. Resveratrol (RSV) is a natural polyphenol compound, which has been reported to suppress inflammatory response and renal interstitial fibrosis. This study is aimed at evaluating the renoprotective effect of RSV treatment on adriamycin-induced FSGS. METHODS: In Balb/c mice, adriamycin nephropathy was induced by adriamycin (10 mg/kg body weight, diluted in normal saline) via a tail vein on day 0...
August 11, 2017: Pharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28782465/pyramidatine-z88-sensitizes-vincristine-resistant-human-oral-cancer-kb-vcr-cells-to-chemotherapeutic-agents-by-inhibition-of-p-glycoprotein
#9
Zulong Liu, Hengrui Zhu, Shijin Qu, Lisha Tang, Lihuan Cao, Wenbo Yu, Xianmei Yang, Songmin Jiang, Dayuan Zhu, Changheng Tan, Long Yu
Multi-drug resistance (MDR) to anticancer drugs remains a major impediment in cancer therapy. A major goal for scientists is to identify more effective compounds that are able to circumvent MDR and simultaneously have minimal adverse side effects. Here, we reported that Pyramidatine (Z88), a cinnamic acid-derived bisamide compound isolated from the leaves of Aglaia perviridis, had potent anti-MDR activity. The average resistant fold (RF) of Z88 is 0.09 and 0.51 in KB/VCR (vincristine-resistant human oral cancer cells) and MCF-7/ADR (adriamycin-resistant human breast adenocarcinoma) cells...
August 3, 2017: Anti-cancer Agents in Medicinal Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28781298/primary-cardiac-leiomyosarcoma-a-27-month-survival-with-surgery-and-chemotherapy
#10
Koji Nakashima, Haruhiko Inatsu, Kazuo Kitamura
The patient was a 39-year-old man hospitalized due to the presence of a cardiac mass and heart failure. Emergency tumor resection and mitral valve replacement were performed. The pathological findings of the tumor led to a diagnosis of cardiac leiomyosarcoma. After the operation, multiple metastases were found. The patient underwent three courses of chemotherapies: adriamycin, ifosfamide, dacarbazine, and mesna (MAID therapy), gemcitabine plus docetaxel, and sunitinib. During MAID therapy, the patient underwent resection of gastrointestinal metastases twice due to gastrointestinal hemorrhaging...
August 1, 2017: Internal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28775229/identification-of-a-p53-repressed-gene-module-in-breast-cancer-cells
#11
Takafumi Miyamoto, Chizu Tanikawa, Varalee Yodsurang, Yao-Zhong Zhang, Seiya Imoto, Rui Yamaguchi, Satoru Miyano, Hidewaki Nakagawa, Koichi Matsuda
The p53 protein is a sophisticated transcription factor that regulates dozens of target genes simultaneously in accordance with the cellular circumstances. Although considerable efforts have been made to elucidate the functions of p53-induced genes, a holistic understanding of the orchestrated signaling network repressed by p53 remains elusive. Here, we performed a systematic analysis to identify simultaneously regulated p53-repressed genes in breast cancer cells. Consequently, 28 genes were designated as the p53-repressed gene module, whose gene components were simultaneously suppressed in breast cancer cells treated with Adriamycin...
July 26, 2017: Oncotarget
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28770967/suppression-of-adriamycin-resistance-in-osteosarcoma-by-blocking-wnt-%C3%AE-catenin-signal-pathway
#12
B-Q Wu, Y Cao, Z-G Bi
OBJECTIVE: Wnt/β-catenin signal pathway plays a role in regulating cell proliferation and apoptosis, and is correlated with tumor onset, progression and drug resistance. B-cell lymphoma 2 (Bcl-2) is an anti-apoptotic factor inducing tumor cell drug resistance. Wnt/β-catenin signal pathway can modulate Bcl-2 expression. This study established a cell model of drug resistance using adriamycin (ADM) treatment. Wnt/β-catenin signal pathway was intervened to discuss its role in drug resistance of osteosarcoma cells...
July 2017: European Review for Medical and Pharmacological Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28759877/click-chemistry-based-synthesis-and-anticancer-activity-evaluation-of-novel-c-14-1-2-3-triazole-dehydroabietic-acid-hybrids
#13
Wei Hou, Zhi Luo, Guanjun Zhang, Danhui Cao, Di Li, Haoqiang Ruan, Benfang Helen Ruan, Lin Su, Hongtao Xu
A concise and efficient synthetic approach has been established to readily access a series of novel C-14 1,2,3-triazole-tethered dehydroabietic acid derivatives in moderate to high yields. In vitro antiproliferative activity evaluation indicated that most of the hybrids exhibited potent inhibitory activities in a variety of cancer cell lines with low micromolar to submicromolar IC50 values. Further studies demonstrated that some of these analogues such as 20, 21, and 24 were also effective against adriamycin-resistant MCF-7 clone at low concentrations in a dose-dependent manner...
July 24, 2017: European Journal of Medicinal Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28759637/pituitary-adenylate-cyclase-activating-polypeptide-pacap-in-zebrafish-models-of-nephrotic-syndrome
#14
Benedicte Eneman, Mohamed A Elmonem, Lambertus P van den Heuvel, Laleh Khodaparast, Ladan Khodaparast, Chris van Geet, Kathleen Freson, Elena Levtchenko
Pituitary adenylate cyclase-activating polypeptide (PACAP) is an inhibitor of megakaryopoiesis and platelet function. Recently, PACAP deficiency was observed in children with nephrotic syndrome (NS), associated with increased platelet count and aggregability and increased risk of thrombosis. To further study PACAP deficiency in NS, we used transgenic Tg(cd41:EGFP) zebrafish with GFP-labeled thrombocytes. We generated two models for congenital NS, a morpholino injected model targeting nphs1 (nephrin), which is mutated in the Finnish-type congenital NS...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28759006/re-expression-of-sall1-in-podocytes-protects-against-adriamycin-induced-nephrosis
#15
Yoshiko Hosoe-Nagai, Teruo Hidaka, Ayano Sonoda, Yu Sasaki, Kanae Yamamoto-Nonaka, Takuto Seki, Rin Asao, Eriko Tanaka, Juan Alejandro Oliva Trejo, Fumiko Kodama, Miyuki Takagi, Nobuhiro Tada, Takashi Ueno, Ryuichi Nishinakamura, Yasuhiko Tomino, Katsuhiko Asanuma
The highly conserved spalt (sal) gene family members encode proteins characterized by multiple double zinc finger motifs of the C2H2 type. Humans and mice each have four known Sal-like genes (SALL1-4 in humans and Sall1-4 in mice). Sall1 is known to have a crucial role in kidney development. To explore the significance of Sall1 in differentiated podocytes, we investigated podocyte-specific Sall1-deficient mice (Sall1 KO(p)°(d)°(/p)°(d)°) using a podocin-Cre/loxP system and siRNA Sall1 knockdown (Sall1 KD) podocytes...
July 31, 2017: Laboratory Investigation; a Journal of Technical Methods and Pathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28754546/comparison-of-different-stem-cell-mobilization-regimen-in-al-amyloidosis-patients
#16
Katharina Lisenko, Patrick Wuchter, Marion Hansberg, Anja Mangatter, Axel Benner, Anthony D Ho, Hartmut Goldschmidt, Ute Hegenbart, Stefan Schönland
High-dose melphalan (HDM) and autologous blood stem cell transplantation (ABSCT) is an effective treatment for transplant-eligible patients with systemic light chain (AL) amyloidosis. Whereas most centers use granulocyte colony-stimulating factor (G-CSF) alone for mobilization of peripheral blood stem cells (PBSC), the application of mobilization chemotherapy might offer specific advantages. We retrospectively analyzed 110 patients with AL amyloidosis who underwent PBSC collection. Major eligibility criteria included age <70 years and cardiac insufficiency NYHA ≤III°...
July 25, 2017: Biology of Blood and Marrow Transplantation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28744882/epstein-barr-virus-positivity-is-associated-with-angiogenesis-in-and-poorer-survival-of-patients-receiving-standard-treatment-for-classical-hodgkin-s-lymphoma
#17
Young Wha Koh, Jae-Ho Han, Dok Hyun Yoon, Cheolwon Suh, Jooryung Huh
Epstein-Barr virus (EBV) is a significant contributor to the development of classical Hodgkin's lymphoma (cHL). Recent studies have documented associations between angiogenesis and EBV-associated malignancies. No study has yet examined the associations among, and prognostic implications of, EBV infection, vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) expression, and microvessel density (MVD) in cHL patients. Diagnostic tissues from 135 cHL patients treated with adriamycin, bleomycin, vinblastine, and dacarbazine (ABVD) were retrospectively evaluated by in situ hybridization of EBV-encoded small RNA (EBER) and immunohistochemical staining for VEGF and CD31 (a measure of MVD)...
July 26, 2017: Hematological Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28733700/feasibility-of-olanzapine-multi-acting-receptor-targeted-antipsychotic-agent-for-the-prevention-of-emesis-caused-by-continuous-cisplatin-or-ifosfamide-based-chemotherapy
#18
Seiko Bun, Kan Yonemori, Toru Akagi, Emi Noguchi, Tatsunori Shimoi, Akihiko Shimomura, Mayu Yunokawa, Chikako Shimizu, Yasuhiro Fujiwara, Yoshinori Makino, Yoshikazu Hayashi, Kenji Tamura
Background To determine the feasibility and efficacy of olanzapine, which is approved by the Pharmaceuticals and Medical Devices Agency as multi acting receptor targeted antipsychotic agent of the thienobenzodiazepine class, for prevention of chemotherapy-induced nausea and vomiting (CINV) in patients undergoing continuous five-day chemotherapy. Patients and methods This study was a prospective dose escalation study at a single center (UMIN ID: UMIN000015386). Patients received a combination of adriamycin and ifosfamide (AI) or a combination of bleomycin, etoposide, and cisplatin (BEP)...
July 21, 2017: Investigational New Drugs
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28723635/meta-analysis-of-the-efficacy-of-treatments-for-newly-diagnosed-and-relapsed-refractory-multiple-myeloma-with-del-17p
#19
Jinghua Liu, Hui Yang, Xiaochan Liang, Yuxin Wang, Jian Hou, Yanqin Liu, Jigang Wang, Fan Zhou
We analyzed the treatment of newly diagnosed and relapsed/refractory multiple myeloma (NDMM/RRMM) patients with del(17p). Thirteen prospective studies that evaluated 3,187 MM patients, including 685with del(17p), were included in our meta-analysis. The incidence of del(17p) in NDMM and RRMM patients was similar (13% vs. 14%, respectively, P = 0.64, I2 = 94%). The overall response rate (ORR) to new agents was 40.5% and 67.1%, respectively, in RRMM patients with or without del(17p) (P = 0.1, I2 = 63.9%). NDMM patients with del(17p) treated with PAD (bortezomib, adriamycin, and dexamethasone) induction therapy followed by bortezomib maintenance therapy had higher progression-free survival (PFS) (25...
June 27, 2017: Oncotarget
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28721989/oral-changes-in-patients-undergoing-chemotherapy-for-breast-cancer
#20
Shruthi Acharya, Keerthilatha Murlidhar Pai, Sujatha Bhat, Ballal Mamatha, Vadhiraj M Bejadi, Shashidhar Acharya
BACKGROUND: Breast cancer is one of the most common cancers in India. Most of the patients with breast cancer are treated with chemotherapy which has multiple oral complications. AIMS: The objectives of this study were to describe the occurrence of taste disturbances, xerostomia, oral mucositis, oral pigmentation, and candidal and salivary changes among patients receiving chemotherapy for breast cancer. METHODS: Fifty-two women with newly diagnosed breast cancer (without distant metastasis), eligible for adjuvant/neoadjuvant chemotherapy (cyclophosphamide and adriamycin, 4 cycles × 3 weeks), were included in this study...
May 2017: Indian Journal of Dental Research: Official Publication of Indian Society for Dental Research
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