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antenatal corticosteroid

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28796691/neonatal-outcomes-of-low-risk-late-preterm-twins-compared-with-late-preterm-singletons
#1
Shimrit Yaniv Salem, Mia Kibel, Elizabeth Asztalos, Arthur Zaltz, Jon Barrett, Nir Melamed
OBJECTIVE: To test the hypothesis that the risk of neonatal morbidity among late-preterm twins is similar to that of late-preterm singletons. METHODS: We conducted a retrospective cohort study of all women with twin or singleton pregnancy who gave birth during the late-preterm period in a single tertiary center between 2008 and 2015. Neonatal outcomes of low-risk, late-preterm twins were compared with those of low-risk, late-preterm singletons. The primary outcome was the same primary composite respiratory morbidity variable that was used in the randomized controlled trial of Gyamfi-Bannerman et al on the administration of antenatal corticosteroids during the late-preterm period...
August 4, 2017: Obstetrics and Gynecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28782409/association-between-antenatal-corticosteroids-and-neonatal-hypoglycemia-in-indicated-early-preterm-births
#2
Spencer G Kuper, Sima H Baalbaki, Melissa M Parrish, Victoria C Jauk, Alan T Tita, Lorie M Harper
PURPOSE: We sought to determine if administration of antenatal corticosteroids in early preterm births (<34 weeks) is associated with an increased risk of developing neonatal hypoglycemia (<40 mg/dL) within the first 48 h of neonatal life. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Retrospective cohort of all indicated singleton preterm births (23-34 weeks) in a single tertiary center from 2011 to 2014. The primary outcome was neonatal hypoglycemia (<40 mg/dL) within the first 48 h of life...
August 16, 2017: Journal of Maternal-fetal & Neonatal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28771408/promoting-early-child-development-with-interventions-in-health-and-nutrition-a-systematic-review
#3
REVIEW
Tyler Vaivada, Michelle F Gaffey, Zulfiqar A Bhutta
CONTEXT: Although effective health and nutrition interventions for reducing child mortality and morbidity exist, direct evidence of effects on cognitive, motor, and psychosocial development is lacking. OBJECTIVE: To review existing evidence for health and nutrition interventions affecting direct measures of (and pathways to) early child development. DATA SOURCES: Reviews and recent overviews of interventions across the continuum of care and component studies...
August 2017: Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28767132/antenatal-corticosteroid-prophylaxis-in-singleton-and-multiple-pregnancies
#4
Luigi Gagliardi, Renato Lucchini, Roberto Bellù, Rinaldo Zanini
BACKGROUND: The effects of antenatal corticosteroids (ANS) in multiple pregnancies are disputed. In this article, we examined whether estimated effects differ in singletons and multiples and in small for gestational age (SGA) preterm infants. METHODS: We studied 17 073 singletons (81% treated with ANS) and 8274 multiples (86% treated) born at 24-33 weeks from the Italian Neonatal Network (2005-2013). We used Poisson regression models with robust variance to estimate adjusted risk ratios (RR) of in-hospital death, severe intraventricular haemorrhage (IVH), periventricular leukomalacia (PVL), and the composite outcome of severe IVH and death...
August 2, 2017: Paediatric and Perinatal Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28746032/early-mortality-and-morbidity-in-infants-with-birth-weight-of-500-grams-or-less-in-japan
#5
Hirosuke Inoue, Masayuki Ochiai, Kazuaki Yasuoka, Koichi Tanaka, Hiroaki Kurata, Junko Fujiyoshi, Yuki Matsushita, Shutaro Suga, Kazuaki Nonaka, Tomoaki Taguchi, Kiyoko Kato, Shouichi Ohga
OBJECTIVE: To assess the short-term prognosis of Japanese infants with a birth weight (BW) of ?500?g. STUDY DESIGN: Demographic and clinical data were reviewed for 1473 live born infants with a BW ?500?g at gestational age ?22 weeks who were treated in the 204 affiliated hospitals of the Neonatal Research Network of Japan between 2003 and 2012. RESULTS: Survival to hospital discharge occurred in 811 of 1473 infants (55%; 95% CI 53%-58%). The survival rates of BW ?300?g, 301-400?g, and 401-500?g were 18% (95% CI 10%-31%), 41% (95% CI 36%-47%), and 60% (95% CI 57%-63%), respectively...
June 1, 2017: Journal of Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28742678/committee-opinion-no-713-antenatal-corticosteroid-therapy-for-fetal-maturation
#6
(no author information available yet)
Corticosteroid administration before anticipated preterm birth is one of the most important antenatal therapies available to improve newborn outcomes. A single course of corticosteroids is recommended for pregnant women between 24 0/7 weeks and 33 6/7 weeks of gestation who are at risk of preterm delivery within 7 days, including for those with ruptured membranes and multiple gestations. It also may be considered for pregnant women starting at 23 0/7 weeks of gestation who are at risk of preterm delivery within 7 days, based on a family's decision regarding resuscitation, irrespective of membrane rupture status and regardless of fetal number...
August 2017: Obstetrics and Gynecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28742672/committee-opinion-no-713-summary-antenatal-corticosteroid-therapy-for-fetal-maturation
#7
(no author information available yet)
Corticosteroid administration before anticipated preterm birth is one of the most important antenatal therapies available to improve newborn outcomes. A single course of corticosteroids is recommended for pregnant women between 24 0/7 weeks and 33 6/7 weeks of gestation who are at risk of preterm delivery within 7 days, including for those with ruptured membranes and multiple gestations. It also may be considered for pregnant women starting at 23 0/7 weeks of gestation who are at risk of preterm delivery within 7 days, based on a family's decision regarding resuscitation, irrespective of membrane rupture status and regardless of fetal number...
August 2017: Obstetrics and Gynecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28716807/antenatal-corticosteroid-administration-between-24-hours-and-7-days-before-extremely-preterm-delivery-is-associated-with-the-lowest-rate-of-mortality
#8
Colm P Travers, Waldemar A Carlo
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
July 17, 2017: Evidence-based Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28714111/room-for-improvement-in-breast-milk-feeding-after-very-preterm-birth-in-europe-results-from-the-epice-cohort
#9
Emilija Wilson, Anna-Karin Edstedt Bonamy, Mercedes Bonet, Liis Toome, Carina Rodrigues, Elizabeth A Howell, Marina Cuttini, Jennifer Zeitlin
Breast milk feeding (BMF) is associated with lower neonatal morbidity in the very preterm infant (<32 weeks gestation) and breastfeeding is beneficial for maternal health. Previous studies show large variations in BMF after very preterm birth and recognize the need for targeted breastfeeding support in the neonatal intensive care units (NICU). In a European collaboration project about evidence-based practices after very preterm birth, we examined the association between maternal, obstetric, and infant clinical factors; neonatal and maternal care unit policies; and BMF at discharge from the NICU...
July 17, 2017: Maternal & Child Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28693356/contemporary-practice-patterns-in-the-use-of-amniocentesis-for-fetal-lung-maturity
#10
Kevin C Visconti, Emily DeFranco, Beena D Kamath-Rayne
PURPOSE: Fetal lung maturity (FLM) testing has been performed to help direct delivery timing in complex obstetrical conditions. We explored current practice patterns of FLM testing attempting to identify factors affecting its use. MATERIALS AND METHODS: We distributed a 31-question survey to obstetricians and perinatologists that examined practice characteristics potentially affecting FLM usage. Logistic regression measured associations between these factors and test utilization...
July 25, 2017: Journal of Maternal-fetal & Neonatal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28691731/trends-in-receipt-of-single-and-repeat-courses-of-antenatal-corticosteroid-administration-among-preterm-and-term-births-a-retrospective-cohort-study
#11
Luke E Grzeskowiak, Rosalie M Grivell, Ben W Mol
AIM: To investigate trends in receipt and timing of antenatal corticosteroid (ACS) administration over a ten-year interval. METHODS: Retrospective cohort study of all live births from 2006 to 2015 occurring at a tertiary level teaching hospital in Adelaide, Australia. We analysed temporal trends in the receipt of single courses and repeat doses of ACSs, according to administration timing prior to birth. The main outcome measures were receipt of a single course of ACS and whether administration was 'Optimal' (≥24 h to <seven days) or 'Suboptimal' (<24 h OR ≥7 days) according to timing prior to birth, as well as administration of repeat doses...
July 10, 2017: Australian & New Zealand Journal of Obstetrics & Gynaecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28667191/providing-active-antenatal-care-depends-on-the-place-of-birth-for-extremely-preterm-births-the-epipage-2-cohort-study
#12
Caroline Diguisto, François Goffinet, Elsa Lorthe, Gilles Kayem, Jean-Christophe Roze, Pascal Boileau, Babak Khoshnood, Valérie Benhammou, Bruno Langer, Loic Sentilhes, Damien Subtil, Elie Azria, Monique Kaminski, Pierre-Yves Ancel, Laurence Foix-L'Hélias
Survival rates of infants born before 25 weeks of gestation are low in France and have not improved over the past decade. Active perinatal care increases these infants' likelihood of survival. OBJECTIVE: Our aim was to identify factors associated with active antenatal care, which is the first step of proactive perinatal care in extremely preterm births. METHODS: The population included 1020 singleton births between 22(0/6) and 26(0/6) weeks of gestation enrolled in the Etude Epidémiologique sur les Petits Ages Gestationnels 2 study, a French national population-based cohort of very preterm infants born in 2011...
June 30, 2017: Archives of Disease in Childhood. Fetal and Neonatal Edition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28662632/timing-of-delivery-in-a-high-risk-obstetric-population-a-clinical-prediction-model
#13
Dane A De Silva, Sarka Lisonkova, Peter von Dadelszen, Anne R Synnes, Laura A Magee
BACKGROUND: The efficacy of antenatal corticosteroid treatment for women with threatened preterm birth depends on timely administration within 7 days before delivery. We modelled the probability of delivery within 7 days of admission to hospital among women presenting with threatened preterm birth, using routinely collected clinical characteristics. METHODS: Data from the Canadian Perinatal Network (CPN) were used, 2005-11, including women admitted to hospital with preterm labour, preterm pre-labour rupture of membranes, short cervix without contractions, or dilated cervix or prolapsed membranes without contractions at preterm gestation...
June 29, 2017: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28658797/effect-of-single-dose-betamethasone-administration-in-pregnancy-on-maternal-and-newborn-parameters
#14
Komal Gaur, Barna Ganguly
INTRODUCTION: Antenatal corticosteroids play an important role in preventing Respiratory Distress Syndrome (RDS) but benefits related to time between corticosteroid administration and delivery need to be explored. AIM: To observe the effect of betamethasone administration in pregnant women at risk of preterm delivery and on foetal parameters, in terms of development of RDS. MATERIALS AND METHODS: It was a prospective observational study on pregnant women at risk of preterm delivery who were administered a single dose 24 mg injection betamethasone...
May 2017: Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research: JCDR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28586580/impact-of-antenatal-corticosteroids-on-frequency-and-mortality-due-to-respiratory-distress-syndrome-in-preterm-neonates
#15
Fazeela Shahzad, Naima Umar
BACKGROUND: Prematurity is still a major problem for health care services throughout the world. Before the late 1980s, respiratory distress syndrome (RDS) was the primary cause of morbidity and mortality in preterm new-borns. Frequency of RDS and ensuing mortality in infants treated with antenatal steroid is less than those delivered without this therapy. Many pregnant females deliver before term or 37 weeks, hence may be advised this prophylactic therapy without creating significant maternal or foetal side effects...
October 2016: Journal of Ayub Medical College, Abbottabad: JAMC
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28583603/influence-of-prenatal-maternal-corticosteroid-therapy-on-clinical-and-metabolic-features-and-pulmonary-function-of-preterm-newborn-puppies
#16
F M Regazzi, L C G Silva, C F Lúcio, G A L Veiga, D S R Angrimani, D Kishi, M M M Barbosa, C I Vannucchi
Although the effects of antenatal corticosteroid therapy in clinical improvement and pulmonary maturation in preterm have been described, little is known on premature newborn puppies. This study aimed to evaluate the effect of maternal administration of a single dose of prenatal betamethasone on lung function of preterm newborn puppies in the first hours of life, especially from the clinical point of view and acid-base balance. A prospective study was conducted involving 21 puppies allocated into three experimental groups: Term Group (63 days post-ovulation), Preterm-Treated Group (57 days post-ovulation and maternal administration of a single dose of 0...
July 15, 2017: Theriogenology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28579209/extended-interval-dosing-of-gentamicin-in-premature-neonates-born-at-32-weeks-gestation-and-7-days-of-age
#17
Arun Sundaram, Belal Alshaikh, Deonne Dersch-Mills, Jenna Dobry, Albert R Akierman, Kamran Yusuf
PURPOSE: Extended-interval dosing (EID) regimens of gentamicin have been validated for treating confirmed or suspected early- and late-onset sepsis in preterm infants in the first week of life. Despite the marked changes in volume of distribution and renal clearance in preterm infants after the first few days of life, few studies have validated EID regimens of gentamicin in this population. The objective of the study was to evaluate an EID regimen of gentamicin in infants born at <32 weeks' gestational age and aged >7 days...
June 2017: Clinical Therapeutics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28574979/antenatal-corticosteroids-and-cardio-metabolic-outcomes-in-adolescents-born-with-very-low-birth-weight
#18
Lisa K Washburn, Patricia A Nixon, Beverly M Snively, Gregory B Russell, Hossam A Shaltout, Andrew M South, T Michael O'Shea
BACKGROUND: Exposure to antenatal corticosteroids (ANCS) is associated with adverse cardio-metabolic outcomes in animal models; however long-term outcomes in clinical studies are not well characterized. We hypothesized that exposure to ANCS would be associated with markers of increased cardio-metabolic risk in adolescents born with very low birth weight (VLBW). METHODS: In an observational cohort of 186 VLBW 14-year-old adolescents we measured resting blood pressure (BP), BP response to cold, ambulatory BP, and anthropometrics; performed dual-energy X-ray absorptiometry; and analyzed blood samples for uric acid, cholesterol, glycated hemoglobin, and high-sensitivity C-reactive protein...
June 2, 2017: Pediatric Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28557758/mid-childhood-bone-mass-after-exposure-to-repeat-doses-of-antenatal-glucocorticoids-a-randomized-trial
#19
RANDOMIZED CONTROLLED TRIAL
Christopher J D McKinlay, Wayne S Cutfield, Malcolm R Battin, Stuart R Dalziel, Caroline A Crowther, Jane E Harding
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVE: Treatment of women at risk for preterm birth with repeat doses of glucocorticoids reduces neonatal morbidity, but could have adverse effects on skeletal development. We assessed whether exposure to repeat antenatal betamethasone alters bone mass in children whose mothers participated in the Australasian Collaborative Trial of Repeat Doses of Corticosteroids. METHODS: Women were randomized to a single dose of betamethasone or placebo, ≥7 days after an initial course of glucocorticoids, repeated each week that they remained at risk for preterm birth at <32 weeks' gestation...
May 2017: Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28538235/what-should-we-do-about-low-blood-pressure-in-preterm-infants
#20
Eugene M Dempsey
The management of preterm infants with low blood pressure soon after birth remains unresolved. The definition of what constitutes low blood pressure is uncertain. At birth, mean blood pressure appears to be gestation specific and increases in the first few days of life. Antenatal steroids, delayed cord clamping, and the avoidance of mechanical ventilation are all associated with higher mean blood pressure and less hypotension after birth. Rates of hypotension of 15-50% have been reported in various studies of extremely preterm infants...
2017: Neonatology
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