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pediatric focused ultrasonography

Yahya Acar, Onur Tezel, Necati Salman, Erdem Cevik, Margarita Algaba-Montes, Alberto Oviedo-García, Mayra Patricio-Bordomás, Mustafa Z Mahmoud, Abdelmoneim Sulieman, Abbas Ali, Alrayah Mustafa, Ihab Abdelrahman, Mustafa Bahar, Osama Ali, H Lester Kirchner, Gregor Prosen, Ajda Anzic, Paul Leeson, Maryam Bahreini, Fatemeh Rasooli, Houman Hosseinnejad, Gabriel Blecher, Robert Meek, Diana Egerton-Warburton, Edina Ćatić Ćuti, Stanko Belina, Tihomir Vančina, Idriz Kovačević, Nadan Rustemović, Ikwan Chang, Jin Hee Lee, Young Ho Kwak, Do Kyun Kim, Chi-Yung Cheng, Hsiu-Yung Pan, Chia-Te Kung, Ela Ćurčić, Ena Pritišanac, Ivo Planinc, Marijana Grgić Medić, Radovan Radonić, Abiola Fasina, Anthony J Dean, Nova L Panebianco, Patricia S Henwood, Oliviero Fochi, Moreno Favarato, Ezio Bonanomi, Ivan Tomić, Youngrock Ha, Hongchuen Toh, Elizabeth Harmon, Wilma Chan, Cameron Baston, Gail Morrison, Frances Shofer, Angela Hua, Sharon Kim, James Tsung, Isa Gunaydin, Zeynep Kekec, Mehmet Oguzhan Ay, Jinjoo Kim, Jinhyun Kim, Gyoosung Choi, Dowon Shim, Ji-Han Lee, Jana Ambrozic, Katja Prokselj, Miha Lucovnik, Gabrijela Brzan Simenc, Asta Mačiulienė, Almantas Maleckas, Algimantas Kriščiukaitis, Vytautas Mačiulis, Andrius Macas, Sharad Mohite, Zoltan Narancsik, Hugon Možina, Sara Nikolić, Jan Hansel, Rok Petrovčič, Una Mršić, Simon Orlob, Markus Lerchbaumer, Niklas Schönegger, Reinhard Kaufmann, Chun-I Pan, Chien-Hung Wu, Sarah Pasquale, Stephanie J Doniger, Sharon Yellin, Gerardo Chiricolo, Maja Potisek, Borut Drnovšek, Boštjan Leskovar, Kristine Robinson, Clara Kraft, Benjamin Moser, Stephen Davis, Shelley Layman, Yusef Sayeed, Joseph Minardi, Irmina Sefic Pasic, Amra Dzananovic, Anes Pasic, Sandra Vegar Zubovic, Ana Godan Hauptman, Ana Vujaklija Brajkovic, Jaksa Babel, Marina Peklic, Vedran Radonic, Luka Bielen, Peh Wee Ming, Nur Hafiza Yezid, Fatahul Laham Mohammed, Zainal Abidin Huda, Wan Nasarudin Wan Ismail, W Yus Haniff W Isa, Hashairi Fauzi, Praveena Seeva, Mohd Zulfakar Mazlan
A1 Point-of-care ultrasound examination of cervical spine in emergency departmentYahya Acar, Onur Tezel, Necati SalmanA2 A new technique in verifying the placement of a nasogastric tube: obtaining the longitudinal view of nasogastric tube in addition to transverse view with ultrasoundYahya Acar, Necati Salman, Onur Tezel, Erdem CevikA3 Pseudoaneurysm of the femoral artery after cannulation of a central venous line. Should we always use ultrasound in these procedures?Margarita Algaba-Montes, Alberto Oviedo-García, Mayra Patricio-BordomásA4 Ultrasound-guided supraclavicular subclavian vein catheterization...
September 2016: Critical Ultrasound Journal
Jonathan C Routh, Earl Y Cheng, J Christopher Austin, Michelle A Baum, Patricio C Gargollo, Richard W Grady, Adrienne R Herron, Steven S Kim, Shelly J King, Chester J Koh, Pangaja Paramsothy, Lisa Raman, Michael S Schechter, Kathryn A Smith, Stacy T Tanaka, Judy K Thibadeau, William O Walker, M Chad Wallis, John S Wiener, David B Joseph
PURPOSE: Care of children with spina bifida has significantly advanced in the last half century, resulting in gains in longevity and quality of life for affected children and caregivers. Bladder dysfunction is the norm in patients with spina bifida and may result in infection, renal scarring and chronic kidney disease. However, the optimal urological management for spina bifida related bladder dysfunction is unknown. MATERIALS AND METHODS: In 2012 the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention convened a working group composed of pediatric urologists, nephrologists, epidemiologists, methodologists, community advocates and Centers for Disease Control and Prevention personnel to develop a protocol to optimize urological care of children with spina bifida from the newborn period through age 5 years...
December 2016: Journal of Urology
Filippo Parolini, Giuseppe Indolfi, Miguel Garcia Magne, Marianna Salemme, Maurizio Cheli, Giovanni Boroni, Daniele Alberti
AIM: To investigate the diagnostic and therapeutic assessment in children with adenomyomatosis of the gallbladder (AMG). METHODS: AMG is a degenerative disease characterized by a proliferation of the mucosal epithelium which deeply invaginates and extends into the thickened muscular layer of the gallbladder, causing intramural diverticula. Although AMG is found in up to 5% of cholecystectomy specimens in adult populations, this condition in childhood is extremely uncommon...
May 8, 2016: World Journal of Clinical Pediatrics
Stefano Stagi, Mariarosaria di Tommaso, Perla Scalini, Elisabetta Lapi, Stefania Losi, Erica Bencini, Fabrizio Masoni, Laura Dosa, Sabrina Becciani, Maurizio de Martino
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the hypothalamus-hypophysis-gonad axis in a cohort of children and adolescents with nonmosaic triple X syndrome. DESIGN: Cross-sectional study with retrospective analysis. SETTING: University pediatric hospital. PATIENT(S): Fifteen prepubertal subjects (median age 9.0 years, range 6.9-11.9 years) with nonmosaic triple X syndrome and age- and pubertal-matched control group (30 girls, median age 9...
June 2016: Fertility and Sterility
Topi T Luoto, Mikko P Pakarinen, Antti Koivusalo
BACKGROUND: Splenectomy is performed frequently for various and primarily hematologic indications in children and adolescents. We analyzed the long-term outcome after splenectomy (median, 8.7 years) focusing on sepsis, portal vein thrombosis (PVT), and retained accessory spleen. METHODS: In total, 141 consecutive children after open (n = 89; 63%) or laparoscopic (n = 52; 37%) splenectomy from 1991 to 2010 were followed up through nationwide registries for septic infections, PVT, and causes of death...
June 2016: Surgery
Fernanda Rodrigues Tibúrcio, Karla Emília de Sá Rodrigues, Hérika Martins Mendes Vasconcelos, Débora Marques Miranda, Ana Cristina Simões e Silva
BACKGROUND: Sometimes, in pediatric oncology, it is difficult to differentiate the relapse of primary tumor from other diagnoses such as post-ischemic lesions or fungal abscess, without performing an organ biopsy. In addition, patients frequently are not under clinical conditions to be biopsied, mainly due to febrile neutropenia. A growing number of studies has focused on the use of Positron emission tomography/computed tomography with 18 Fluorodeoxyglucose ([(18)F]FDG-PET/CT) to distinguish tumor relapse from infectious lesions in patients with febrile neutropenia...
September 3, 2015: BMC Pediatrics
Jennifer R Marin, Resa E Lewiss
April 2015 marks the publication of the first national guideline regarding point-of-care ultrasound by pediatric emergency medicine physicians. The joint statement by the American Academy of Pediatrics, Society for Academic Emergency Medicine, American College of Emergency Physicians, and World Interactive Network Focused on Critical Ultrasound provides a framework on which pediatric emergency physicians can develop the necessary skills to use point-of-care ultrasound effectively and responsibly.
July 2015: Pediatric Emergency Care
Fortunata Civitelli, Emanuele Casciani, Francesca Maccioni, Salvatore Oliva, Naiwa Al Ansari, Valeria Bonocore, Salvatore Cucchiara
The use of imaging in the management of inflammatory bowel disease (IBD) has grown exponentially in the last few years. This has raised concerns about the risk of high cumulative level of radiation exposure from medical imaging in IBD patients during their lifetime, especially when the disease begins in pediatric age. Physicians caring for IBD children should be aware of the malignant potential of ionizing radiation and of the availability of alternative radiation-free techniques such as magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) and ultrasonography (US), in order to use them whenever possible...
July 2015: Current Gastroenterology Reports
Aytul Noyan, Gonul Parmaksiz, Hasan Dursun, Semire Serin Ezer, Ruksan Anarat, Nurcan Cengiz
INTRODUCTION: The clinical tests currently in use for obstructive nephropathy (such as renal ultrasonography, differential radionuclide renal scans and urinary creatinine concentration data) are not efficient predictors of the subsequent clinical course. Novel and simple biomarkers are required which, if proven, could be clinically beneficial in determining if a patient is eligible for surgery or reno-protective therapy. More recently, the interest of clinicians has focused on the potential of urinary neutrophil gelatinase-associated lipocalin (uNGAL), urinary kidney injury molecule-1 (uKIM-1) and urinary liver-type fatty acid-binding proteins (uL-FABP) as biomarkers for renal function in children with hydronephrosis (HN)...
October 2015: Journal of Pediatric Urology
Nicolas Koutlidis, Luc Joyeux, Nathalie Méjean, Emmanuel Sapin
OBJECTIVE: The widespread use of renal ultrasonography has resulted in simple renal cysts (SRC) being discovered with increasing frequency in routine pediatric urological practice. Management of SRC, however, remains controversial. Most SRC are asymptomatic, are diagnosed incidentally, and have no clinical consequence. Our goal was to focus on management strategies for SRC in children with the support of our experience and a review of the literature. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A literature review was made of SRC in children since 1950, analyzing epidemiologic data, diagnosis, and management...
June 2015: Journal of Pediatric Urology
Jennifer R Marin, Resa E Lewiss
Emergency physicians have used point-of-care ultrasonography since the 1990 s. Pediatric emergency medicine physicians have more recently adopted this technology. Point-of-care ultrasonography is used for various scenarios, particularly the evaluation of soft tissue infections or blunt abdominal trauma and procedural guidance. To date, there are no published statements from national organizations specifically for pediatric emergency physicians describing the incorporation of point-of-care ultrasonography into their practice...
April 2015: Pediatrics
(no author information available yet)
Point-of-care ultrasonography is increasingly being used to facilitate accurate and timely diagnoses and to guide procedures. It is important for pediatric emergency medicine (PEM) physicians caring for patients in the emergency department to receive adequate and continued point-of-care ultrasonography training for those indications used in their practice setting. Emergency departments should have credentialing and quality assurance programs. PEM fellowships should provide appropriate training to physician trainees...
April 2015: Pediatrics
Jennifer R Marin, Resa E Lewiss
Point-of-care ultrasonography is increasingly being used to facilitate accurate and timely diagnoses and to guide procedures. It is important for pediatric emergency physicians caring for patients in the emergency department to receive adequate and continued point-of-care ultrasonography training for those indications used in their practice setting. Emergency departments should have credentialing and quality assurance programs. Pediatric emergency medicine fellowships should provide appropriate training to physician trainees...
April 2015: Annals of Emergency Medicine
Jeremy T Guille, Adwoa Opoku-Boateng, Susan L Thibeault, Herbert Chen
Thyroid nodules are commonly diagnosed in adults. Although rare in children, the risk for thyroid cancer is much higher in the pediatric population compared with adults. Presenting as either a solitary nodule or a multinodular goiter, thyroid nodular disease in children requires a thorough workup that includes a detailed clinical examination comprised of prior history of thyroid disease in the patient or in their family, history of radiation exposure, careful palpation of the thyroid and lymph nodes, blood tests, ultrasonography, and cytological assessment...
January 2015: Oncologist
Sigmund H Ein, Peter T Masiakos, Arlene Ein
PURPOSE/BACKGROUND: The aim of the study is to evaluate a large series of infantile hypertrophic pyloric stenosis (IHPS) patients treated by one pediatric surgeon focusing on their diagnostic difficulties and complications. METHODS: From July 1969 to December 2003 (inclusive), the charts of 791 infants with IHPS were retrospectively reviewed. RESULTS: There were 647 (82%) males and 144 (18%) females; mean age was 38 days, median 51 (range 7 days-10 months)...
May 2014: Pediatric Surgery International
Seungsoo Lee, Young-Hun Choi, Jung-Eun Cheon, Myung-Joon Kim, Mi-Jung Lee, Myoung Ju Koh
OBJECTIVE: To review imaging features of fibrous hamartoma of infancy (FHI), focusing on ultrasonography (US) findings. MATERIALS AND METHODS: We retrospectively reviewed pediatric patients who were diagnosed with pathologically confirmed FHI in two children's hospitals from 2004 to 2013. Imaging features of US, Doppler US, and magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) were evaluated. RESULTS: Thirteen pediatric patients (M:F = 7:6; age 5-22 months, mean 11...
May 2014: Skeletal Radiology
C-D Peterlein, S Fuchs-Winkelmann
BACKGROUND: This study was conducted to evaluate the current status of pediatric hip sonography at German university hospitals. MATERIAL AND METHODS: A questionnaire was sent to all heads of orthopedic departments in Germany. They were asked to give details of the technique and instrumentation used for hip ultrasound examination, local organization of consultation and options for advanced training of students and staff. RESULTS: The return rate of the questionnaires was 93...
February 2014: Der Orthopäde
Andrea Smargiassi, Riccardo Inchingolo, Gino Soldati, Roberto Copetti, Giampietro Marchetti, Alessandro Zanforlin, Rosangela Giannuzzi, Americo Testa, Stefano Nardini, Salvatore Valente
Chest ultrasonography can be a useful diagnostic tool for respiratory physicians. It can be used to complete and widen the general objective examination also in emergency situations, at the patient's bedside. The aim of this document is to promote better knowledge and more widespread use of thoracic ultrasound among respiratory physicians in Italy.This document II is focused on advanced approaches to chest ultrasonography especially in diagnosing sonographic interstitial syndrome with physical hypotheses about the genesis of vertical artifacts, differential diagnosis of cardiogenic pulmonary edema and non-cardiogenic pulmonary edema, raising diagnostic suspicion of pulmonary embolism, ultrasound characterization of lung consolidations and the use of ultrasonography to guide procedural interventions in pulmonology...
2013: Multidisciplinary Respiratory Medicine
Jennifer Webb, Janet L Kwiatkowski
Stroke is a significant cause of morbidity and mortality in children and adults with sickle cell disease. Great advances in the past couple of decades have enabled identification and treatment of children at risk of stroke, with a resultant dramatic reduction in stroke incidence in children. However, prevention and treatment of silent cerebral infarcts remain a challenge. This article reviews our current understanding of the epidemiology, risk factors and pathophysiology of small and large vessel disease with a focus on pediatric patients...
June 2013: Expert Review of Hematology
Michael J Callahan
Ultrasonography is a powerful diagnostic imaging tool for evaluating lower extremity anatomy and pathology in children. Indications for pediatric musculoskeletal lower extremity sonography include developmental dysplasia of the hip, hip joint sonography for the child with a painful hip, evaluation and characterization of superficial soft-tissue masses, evaluation for deep venous thrombosis, and foreign body localization, characterization and removal. This review highlights these established indications, but primarily focuses on additional US applications for evaluation of the lower extremities, including diagnosis and characterization of arthritis and monitoring of therapy, evaluation of tendon tears and muscle strain injuries, characterization of soft-tissue masses and evaluation of certain congenital abnormalities of the lower extremities...
March 2013: Pediatric Radiology
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