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pediatric emergency ultrasonography

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29239803/ultrasound-guided-ureteroscopy-in-children-safety-and-success
#1
Jeffrey C Morrison, Jason P Van Batavia, Kassa Darge, Christopher J Long, Aseem R Shukla, Arun K Srinivasan
INTRODUCTION: Ureteroscopy has been shown to be a highly efficacious and safe modality for the treatment of pediatric urolithiasis. However, conventional ureteroscopy relies on fluoroscopy for intraoperative guidance, exposing both patient and operating room personnel to ionizing radiation. Pediatric urolithiasis patients are at a particularly increased risk from this radiation exposure. The use of ultrasound in place of fluoroscopy for intraoperative guidance has emerged as one modification that can reduce radiation exposure during ureteroscopy...
October 14, 2017: Journal of Pediatric Urology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29230341/pancreatic-laceration-in-a-pediatric-patient-an-unexpected-diagnosis
#2
Michelle J Hong, Lauren M Porter, Debra D Esernio-Jenssen, Andrew C Miller, Marna Rayl Greenberg
Pediatric pancreatic injuries are rare. We present an atypical case that occurred in a 4-year-old male. The child presented with a twenty-four-hour history of vomiting that had progressed to right lower quadrant abdominal pain on examination in the emergency department. The initial differential was gastroenteritis versus appendicitis. An abnormality on the ultrasonography and an elevated lipase level eventually led to an MRI showing a complete transection through the posterior margin of the pancreas. The patient was admitted to pediatric surgery and underwent a successful distal pancreatectomy with preservation of the spleen...
2017: Case Reports in Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29205688/integration-of-radiological-findings-and-a-clinical-score-in-pediatric-appendicitis
#3
Derya Aydin, Caner Turan, Ali Yurtseven, Petek Bayindir, Bade Toker, Zafer Dokumcu, Murat Sezak, Eylem Ulas Saz
BACKGROUND: The efficacy of ultrasonography (US) and abdominal X-ray in combination with PAS is complicated in the diagnosis of acute appendicitis. Abdominal X-ray is as useful as US with clinical assessment when evaluated by experienced pediatric radiologist in acute appendicitis. We aimed to determine the value of US and abdominal X-ray for appendicitis in children when combined with clinical assessment based on the Pediatric Appendicitis Score (PAS). We also aimed to establish a practical pathway for acute appendicitis in childhood...
December 5, 2017: Pediatrics International: Official Journal of the Japan Pediatric Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29201481/cystic-lymphangioma-of-the-chest-wall-in-a-5-year-old-male-patient-a-rare-and-atypical-localization-a-case-report-and-comprehensive-review-of-the-literature
#4
Dimitrios Patoulias, Ioannis Patoulias, Christos Kaselas, Maria Kalogirou, Chatzopoulos Kyriakos, Farmakis Konstantinos, Thomas Feidantsis, Papacrivou Eleni
Lymphangioma is a benign congenital malformation. The extremely rare and atypical localization of a lymphangioma in the chest wall was the real motive for the present case study. A 5-year-old boy was admitted to the Emergency Department of the 1st Department of Pediatric Surgery, Aristotle University of Thessaloniki, due to the presence of a mildly painful swelling in the left lateral chest wall, which was first noticed three months ago, after a blunt injury during sport. Physical examination revealed the presence of a palpable, spherical, painful, nut-sized subcutaneous lesion in the left lateral chest wall, respectively, with the anterior axillary line, at the height of the 6th to 7th intercostal space...
2017: Case Reports in Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29098194/cowper-s-syringocele-in-adolescent-male-case-report
#5
Milena Taskovska, Simon Hawlina
Background: Cowper's syringocele is a rare condition, uncommon in the adult population. It is more common in the pediatric population. Patients could be asymptomatic or present with irritative and/or obstructive symptoms. Ultrasonography (US) of perineal region, pelvis MRI, or urethrography are the most often used diagnostic modalities. Surgical treatment is indicated in all symptomatic patients. Endoscopic approach is preferred over open surgery. Unroofing of syringocele with cold knife or holmium yttrium aluminium garnet (YAG) laser is effective treatment...
2017: Journal of Endourology Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29036004/the-utility-of-clinical-ultrasonography-in-identifying-distal-forearm-fractures-in-the-pediatric-emergency-department
#6
Iratxe Galletebeitia Laka, Frederic Samson, Inigo Gorostiza, Andrés Gonzalez, Carlos Gonzalez
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study is to evaluate the utility of Point-Of-Care Ultrasound (POCUS) for diagnosing distal forearm fractures in pediatric emergency departments (ED). PATIENTS AND METHODS: A prospective observational study was carried out in children aged younger than 15 years attended in an ED with an indication of radiography because of a suspected distal forearm fracture. The POCUS was performed considering cortical irregularity or disruption compatible with fracture...
October 13, 2017: European Journal of Emergency Medicine: Official Journal of the European Society for Emergency Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29019758/sonographic-evaluation-of-pediatric-thyroid-nodules
#7
Alex C Essenmacher, Peter H Joyce, Simon C Kao, Monica Epelman, Liuska M Pesce, Michael P D'Alessandro, Yutaka Sato, Craig M Johnson, Daniel J Podberesky
A thyroid nodule detected clinically or incidentally at medical imaging is a common indication for ultrasonography (US) in the adult population. This scenario is less frequently the case in pediatric patients, and the approach to evaluation of thyroid nodules deserves modification in these patients because of the increased probability of malignancy in children, compared with adults. Evaluating a thyroid nodule with US in a systematic way requires familiarity with a number of features that can be assessed and the terms that the radiologist uses in each category...
October 2017: Radiographics: a Review Publication of the Radiological Society of North America, Inc
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28982533/radiology-report-disclaimers-increase-the-use-of-abdominal-ct-in-the-work-up-of-pediatric-abdominal-pain
#8
Scott M Alter, Brian Walsh, Patrick J Lenehan, Richard D Shih
OBJECTIVE: Pediatric abdominal pain is commonly evaluated in the emergency department (ED) initially by ultrasonography (U/S). Radiology reports often include commentary about U/S limitations and possible need for additional testing or evaluation independent of study interpretation. We sought to determine if presence of a "disclaimer" is associated with additional imaging. METHODS: Design: Retrospective cohort. SETTING: Community ED with volume of 85,000 annual visits...
September 14, 2017: American Journal of Emergency Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28638256/comparison-of-ultrasonography-and-low-dose-computed-tomography-for-the-diagnosis-of-pediatric-urolithiasis-in-the-emergency-department
#9
Recep Sade, Hayri Ogul, Suat Eren, Akin Levent, Mecit Kantarci
OBJECTIVE: This study aimed to compare ultrasonography (US) and low-dose computed tomography (LDCT) for diagnosing pediatric urolithiasis in the emergency department. MATERIALS AND METHODS: This retrospective study was approved by our institutional ethics committee, and informed consent was waived. From March 2016 to March 2017, 100 consecutive patients met the selection criteria and were enrolled in the study. Patients were randomly selected in a 1:1 ratio and were allocated to one of the following two imaging groups: US or abdominal LDCT...
June 2017: Eurasian Journal of Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28610670/lung-ultrasound-as-a-diagnostic-tool-for-radiographically-confirmed-pneumonia-in-low-resource-settings
#10
Laura E Ellington, Robert H Gilman, Miguel A Chavez, Farhan Pervaiz, Julio Marin-Concha, Patricia Compen-Chang, Stefan Riedel, Shalim J Rodriguez, Charlotte Gaydos, Justin Hardick, James M Tielsch, Mark Steinhoff, Jane Benson, Evelyn A May, Dante Figueroa-Quintanilla, William Checkley
BACKGROUND: Pneumonia is a leading cause of morbidity and mortality in children worldwide; however, its diagnosis can be challenging, especially in settings where skilled clinicians or standard imaging are unavailable. We sought to determine the diagnostic accuracy of lung ultrasound when compared to radiographically-confirmed clinical pediatric pneumonia. METHODS: Between January 2012 and September 2013, we consecutively enrolled children aged 2-59 months with primary respiratory complaints at the outpatient clinics, emergency department, and inpatient wards of the Instituto Nacional de Salud del Niño in Lima, Peru...
July 2017: Respiratory Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28509686/accuracy-of-point-of-care-ultrasonography-for-pediatric-ankle-sprain-injuries
#11
Sarah Jones, Keith Colaco, Jason Fischer, Jennifer Stimec, Charisse Kwan, Kathy Boutis
OBJECTIVES: In children with radiograph fracture-negative lateral ankle injuries, the main objective of this pilot study was to explore the accuracy, sensitivity, and specificity of point-of-care ultrasound (POCUS) performed by a pediatric emergency physician in diagnosing anterior talofibular ligament injuries, radiographically occult distal fibular fractures, and effusions compared with reference standard magnetic resonance imaging (MRI). METHODS: This was a prospective cohort pilot study...
May 15, 2017: Pediatric Emergency Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28494525/ultrasonography-of-pediatric-urogenital-emergencies-review-of-classic-and-new-techniques
#12
REVIEW
Masahiro Kitami
Urogenital emergencies are fairly common in the pediatric population, and a timely and correct diagnosis is necessary to avoid possible future infertility. In this field, ultrasonography is essential, as it has the advantages of being radiation-free and readily accessible. In particular, a high-frequency transducer allows precise evaluation of the morphology and vascularity of the scrotum, which is on the surface of the body. Beyond conventional techniques, new advanced imaging techniques have been developed, including elastography and contrast-enhanced ultrasonography...
July 2017: Ultrasonography
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28493614/accuracy-of-physical-examination-ankle-brachial-index-and-ultrasonography-in-the-diagnosis-of-arterial-injury-in-patients-with-penetrating-extremity-trauma-a%C3%A2-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#13
REVIEW
Ian S deSouza, Roshanak Benabbas, Sean McKee, Bardiya Zangbar, Ashika Jain, Lorenzo Paladino, Leon Boudourakis, Richard Sinert
BACKGROUND: Penetrating Extremity Trauma (PET) may result in arterial injury, a rare but limb- and life-threatening surgical emergency. Timely, accurate diagnosis is essential for potential intervention in order to prevent significant morbidity. OBJECTIVES: Using a systematic review/meta-analytic approach, we determined the utility of physical examination, Ankle-Brachial Index (ABI), and Ultrasonography (US) in the diagnosis of arterial injury in emergency department (ED) patients who have sustained PET...
August 2017: Academic Emergency Medicine: Official Journal of the Society for Academic Emergency Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28486259/appendicitis-in-a-neutropenic-patient-a-multicentric-retrospective-study
#14
Alberto A Scarpa, Géraldine Hery, Arnaud Petit, Benoit Brethon, Irène Jimenez, Virginie Gandemer, Samuel Abbou, Stéphanie Haouy, Jean Breaud, Marilyne Poiree
To study the management of acute appendicitis in neutropenic patients, we retrospectively reviewed cases of acute appendicitis in neutropenic children treated for cancer. The patients' demographics, medical records, and outcomes were tracked. We compared nonoperative treatment versus emergency or delayed surgery. The cases of 30 patients with a mean age of 8.8 years in 12 French departments of Pediatric Hematology/Oncology between 1995 and 2013 were studied. Most patients (90%) were treated for hematological malignancies...
July 2017: Journal of Pediatric Hematology/oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28466618/point-of-care-ultrasound-in-a-department-of-pediatric-and-adolescent-surgery
#15
Efrat Avinadav, Anastasia Almog, Dragan Kravarusic, Emanuelle Seguier, Inbal Samuk, Adrianna Nika, Enrique Freud
BACKGROUND: Point-of-care ultrasound (POCUS) is becoming a common tool for routine use in emergency medicine, anesthesiology and intensive care for diagnostic and interventional purposes. When a portable ultrasound device became available for the department of Pediatric and Adolescent Surgery at the Schneider's Children Medical Center of Israel, we added POCUS assessments to the physician's daily rounds. POCUS is performed by pediatric surgeons trained in basic ultrasonography skills...
November 2016: Israel Medical Association Journal: IMAJ
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28393708/minor-head-trauma-in-the-pediatric-emergency-department-decision-making-nodes
#16
Mario Mastrangelo, Fabio Midulla
BACKGROUND: Minor head trauma is one of the leading causes of accessing pediatric emergency departments; however, only a limited number of patients develops clinically relevant brain injuries. OBJECTIVES: The aim of this review is to provide physicians a clinical pathway for managing pediatric minor head trauma. METHODS: A Pubmed/Medline search was conducted through the following entries: "minor head trauma", "mild head trauma", "minor head injury", "mild head injury" or "acute head trauma"...
2017: Current Pediatric Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28350723/reasons-for-interfacility-emergency-department-transfer-and-care-at-the-receiving-facility
#17
Joyce Li, Stephanie Pryor, Ben Choi, Chris A Rees, Mamata V Senthil, Nicholas Tsarouhas, Sage R Myers, Michael C Monuteaux, Richard G Bachur
OBJECTIVES: The aims of this study were to (1) assess the reasons for pediatric interfacility transfers as identified by transferring providers and review the emergency medical care delivered at the receiving facilities and (2) investigate the emergency department (ED) care among the subpopulation of patients discharged from the receiving facility. METHODS: We performed a multicenter, cross-sectional survey of ED medical providers transferring patients younger than 18 years to 1 of 4 US tertiary care pediatric hospitals with a subsequent medical record review at the receiving facility...
March 27, 2017: Pediatric Emergency Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28336101/metabolic-syndrome-hepatic-steatosis-and-cardiovascular-risk-in-children
#18
Irene Rutigliano, Roberta Vinci, Gianpaolo De Filippo, Monica Mancini, Luca Stoppino, Maria d'Apolito, Ida Giardino, Luca Macarini, Massimo Pettoello Mantovani, Angelo Campanozzi
OBJECTIVES: Pediatric metabolic syndrome (MetS) is a well-recognized entity; however, there is no consensus on its exact value in predicting long-term cardiovascular (CV) risk. Hepatic steatosis (HS) is another emerging condition associated with pediatric obesity, and data have been reported suggesting a possible role of HS in CV risk linked to MetS. The aim of the present study was to evaluate the usefulness of HS and MetS cluster in predicting CV risk linked to pediatric obesity. METHODS: We studied 803 overweight and obese children (395 girls and 408 boys, mean age 9...
April 2017: Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28284770/point-of-care-ultrasonography-to-assist-in-the-diagnosis-and-management-of-subluxation-of-the-radial-head-in-pediatric-patients-a-case-series
#19
Faruk Güngör, Taylan Kılıç
BACKGROUND: A subluxation of the radial head (SRH) is a clinical condition that commonly occurs in children under 6 years of age. History and physical examination findings typically include a child who presents with an elbow held in extension and with forearm pronation, after having suffered significant longitudinal traction on the arm, or after a fall on an outstretched hand. The diagnosis is often clinically obvious. The injury responds dramatically to closed reduction, and usually no imaging is required...
March 8, 2017: Journal of Emergency Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28228009/emergency-ultrasonography-of-the-gastrointestinal-tract-of-children
#20
REVIEW
Jae-Yeon Hwang
Ultrasonography (US) is widely used to evaluate most body parts in pediatric patients because it is simple, noninvasive, easy to use, and applicable in a wide variety of clinical situations. US is the modality of choice for the initial evaluation of acute abdominal pain in pediatric patients because of their small body habitus and the presence of less fat tissue in the abdominal wall and peritoneal cavity. The most important factor in performing pediatric emergency US is the graded compression technique and selection of the proper transducer...
July 2017: Ultrasonography
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