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pediatric critical care ultrasonography

Tobias Kummer, Laura Oh, Mary Beth Phelan, Robert D Huang, Jason T Nomura, Srikar Adhikari
INTRODUCTION: Contrast-enhanced ultrasound (CEUS) using intravascular microbubbles has potential to revolutionize point-of-care ultrasonography by expanding the use of ultrasonography into clinical scenarios previously reserved for computed tomography (CT), magnetic resonance imaging, or angiography. METHODS: We performed a literature search and report clinical experience to provide an introduction to CEUS and describe its current applications for point-of-care indications...
April 22, 2018: American Journal of Emergency Medicine
Julie Jaffray, Guy Young
Due to advances in caring for critically ill children and those with chronic diseases, rates of deep vein thrombosis (DVT) are increasing in children. Risk factors consist of central venous catheters, chronic medical conditions, thrombophilia, and various medications. Compression Doppler ultrasonography is the method most commonly used to diagnose DVT, and patients will usually present with pain and swelling of the affected limb. Anticoagulation via subcutaneous injection is the most common treatment regime for children with DVT, and the new, direct oral anticoagulants are currently under investigation...
March 2018: Pediatric Blood & Cancer
Chengsi Ong, Jan Hau Lee, Melvin K S Leow, Zudin A Puthucheary
Evidence suggests that critically ill children develop muscle wasting, which could affect outcomes. Muscle ultrasound has been used to track muscle wasting and association with outcomes in critically ill adults but not children. This review aims to summarize methodological considerations of muscle ultrasound, structural findings, and possibilities for its application in the assessment of nutrition and functional outcomes in critically ill children. Medline, Embase, and CINAHL databases were searched up until April 2016...
September 2017: JPEN. Journal of Parenteral and Enteral Nutrition
Mario Mastrangelo, Fabio Midulla
BACKGROUND: Minor head trauma is one of the leading causes of accessing pediatric emergency departments; however, only a limited number of patients develops clinically relevant brain injuries. OBJECTIVES: The aim of this review is to provide physicians a clinical pathway for managing pediatric minor head trauma. METHODS: A Pubmed/Medline search was conducted through the following entries: "minor head trauma", "mild head trauma", "minor head injury", "mild head injury" or "acute head trauma"...
2017: Current Pediatric Reviews
Kavita G Morparia, Srijaya K Reddy, Laura J Olivieri, Michael C Spaeder, Jennifer J Schuette
The determination of fluid responsiveness in the critically ill child is of vital importance, more so as fluid overload becomes increasingly associated with worse outcomes. Dynamic markers of volume responsiveness have shown some promise in the pediatric population, but more research is needed before they can be adopted for widespread use. Our aim was to investigate effectiveness of respiratory variation in peak aortic velocity and pulse pressure variation to predict fluid responsiveness, and determine their optimal cutoff values...
April 2018: Journal of Clinical Monitoring and Computing
Alexandra Marquez, Veronika Shabanova, Edward Vincent S Faustino
OBJECTIVE: We determined whether in critically ill children with an untunneled central venous catheter, the risk of catheter-associated deep venous thrombosis can be predicted within 24 hours after insertion of the catheter. DESIGN: Secondary analysis of two multicenter prospective cohort studies. SETTING: PICUs in Northeastern United States. PATIENTS: A total of 175 children admitted to the PICU within 24 hours after insertion of an untunneled central venous catheter who did not receive anticoagulation were included...
November 2016: Pediatric Critical Care Medicine
Yahya Acar, Onur Tezel, Necati Salman, Erdem Cevik, Margarita Algaba-Montes, Alberto Oviedo-García, Mayra Patricio-Bordomás, Mustafa Z Mahmoud, Abdelmoneim Sulieman, Abbas Ali, Alrayah Mustafa, Ihab Abdelrahman, Mustafa Bahar, Osama Ali, H Lester Kirchner, Gregor Prosen, Ajda Anzic, Paul Leeson, Maryam Bahreini, Fatemeh Rasooli, Houman Hosseinnejad, Gabriel Blecher, Robert Meek, Diana Egerton-Warburton, Edina Ćatić Ćuti, Stanko Belina, Tihomir Vančina, Idriz Kovačević, Nadan Rustemović, Ikwan Chang, Jin Hee Lee, Young Ho Kwak, Do Kyun Kim, Chi-Yung Cheng, Hsiu-Yung Pan, Chia-Te Kung, Ela Ćurčić, Ena Pritišanac, Ivo Planinc, Marijana Grgić Medić, Radovan Radonić, Abiola Fasina, Anthony J Dean, Nova L Panebianco, Patricia S Henwood, Oliviero Fochi, Moreno Favarato, Ezio Bonanomi, Ivan Tomić, Youngrock Ha, Hongchuen Toh, Elizabeth Harmon, Wilma Chan, Cameron Baston, Gail Morrison, Frances Shofer, Angela Hua, Sharon Kim, James Tsung, Isa Gunaydin, Zeynep Kekec, Mehmet Oguzhan Ay, Jinjoo Kim, Jinhyun Kim, Gyoosung Choi, Dowon Shim, Ji-Han Lee, Jana Ambrozic, Katja Prokselj, Miha Lucovnik, Gabrijela Brzan Simenc, Asta Mačiulienė, Almantas Maleckas, Algimantas Kriščiukaitis, Vytautas Mačiulis, Andrius Macas, Sharad Mohite, Zoltan Narancsik, Hugon Možina, Sara Nikolić, Jan Hansel, Rok Petrovčič, Una Mršić, Simon Orlob, Markus Lerchbaumer, Niklas Schönegger, Reinhard Kaufmann, Chun-I Pan, Chien-Hung Wu, Sarah Pasquale, Stephanie J Doniger, Sharon Yellin, Gerardo Chiricolo, Maja Potisek, Borut Drnovšek, Boštjan Leskovar, Kristine Robinson, Clara Kraft, Benjamin Moser, Stephen Davis, Shelley Layman, Yusef Sayeed, Joseph Minardi, Irmina Sefic Pasic, Amra Dzananovic, Anes Pasic, Sandra Vegar Zubovic, Ana Godan Hauptman, Ana Vujaklija Brajkovic, Jaksa Babel, Marina Peklic, Vedran Radonic, Luka Bielen, Peh Wee Ming, Nur Hafiza Yezid, Fatahul Laham Mohammed, Zainal Abidin Huda, Wan Nasarudin Wan Ismail, W Yus Haniff W Isa, Hashairi Fauzi, Praveena Seeva, Mohd Zulfakar Mazlan
A1 Point-of-care ultrasound examination of cervical spine in emergency departmentYahya Acar, Onur Tezel, Necati SalmanA2 A new technique in verifying the placement of a nasogastric tube: obtaining the longitudinal view of nasogastric tube in addition to transverse view with ultrasoundYahya Acar, Necati Salman, Onur Tezel, Erdem CevikA3 Pseudoaneurysm of the femoral artery after cannulation of a central venous line. Should we always use ultrasound in these procedures?Margarita Algaba-Montes, Alberto Oviedo-García, Mayra Patricio-BordomásA4 Ultrasound-guided supraclavicular subclavian vein catheterization...
September 2016: Critical Ultrasound Journal
J Nguyen, R Amirnovin, R Ramanathan, S Noori
OBJECTIVE: The current state of point-of-care ultrasonography (POCUS) use and education in neonatal-perinatal medicine (NPM) and pediatric critical care medicine (PCCM) is unknown. Our aim was to quantify POCUS use, training and perceptions regarding education and barriers among the United States NPM and PCCM fellowship programs. STUDY DESIGN: A 14-question survey was emailed to the fellowship directors of all the United States NPM and PCCM fellowship programs. RESULTS: The response rate was 55% (52/95) and 59% (39/66) for NPM and PCCM programs, respectively...
November 2016: Journal of Perinatology: Official Journal of the California Perinatal Association
Alexander Levitov, Heidi L Frankel, Michael Blaivas, Andrew W Kirkpatrick, Erik Su, David Evans, Douglas T Summerfield, Anthony Slonim, Raoul Breitkreutz, Susanna Price, Matthew McLaughlin, Paul E Marik, Mahmoud Elbarbary
OBJECTIVE: To establish evidence-based guidelines for the use of bedside cardiac ultrasound, echocardiography, in the ICU and equivalent care sites. METHODS: Grading of Recommendations, Assessment, Development and Evaluation system was used to rank the "levels" of quality of evidence into high (A), moderate (B), or low (C) and to determine the "strength" of recommendations as either strong (strength class 1) or conditional/weak (strength class 2), thus generating six "grades" of recommendations (1A-1B-1C-2A-2B-2C)...
June 2016: Critical Care Medicine
Geoffrey E Hayden, Jana E Upshaw, Stephanie Bailey, Daniel B Park
Skin and soft tissue infections are common disease presentations to the pediatric emergency department, and rapid and accurate identification of potentially serious skin and soft tissue infections is critical. In cases of atraumatic musculoskeletal pain with systemic complaints, a bacterial etiology must be ruled out. Point-of-care ultrasonography is increasingly common in the pediatric emergency department and assists in rapid and accurate identification of a variety of disease processes. We present a case of a 14-year-old adolescent boy with atraumatic right knee pain to illustrate the benefits of point-of-care ultrasonography in the timely diagnosis of musculoskeletal and soft tissue pathology...
September 2015: Pediatric Emergency Care
Jennifer R Marin, Resa E Lewiss
April 2015 marks the publication of the first national guideline regarding point-of-care ultrasound by pediatric emergency medicine physicians. The joint statement by the American Academy of Pediatrics, Society for Academic Emergency Medicine, American College of Emergency Physicians, and World Interactive Network Focused on Critical Ultrasound provides a framework on which pediatric emergency physicians can develop the necessary skills to use point-of-care ultrasound effectively and responsibly.
July 2015: Pediatric Emergency Care
Jeanine J Sol, Hennie Knoester, Marjorie de Neef, Anne M J B Smets, Aukje Betlem, C Heleen van Ommen
Prescription of thromboprophylaxis is not a common practice in pediatric intensive care units. Most thrombi are catheter-related and asymptomatic, without causing acute complications. However, chronic complications of these (a)symptomatic catheter-related thrombi, that is, postthrombotic syndrome (PTS) and residual thrombosis have not been studied. To investigate these complications, critically ill children of 1 tertiary center with percutaneous inserted femoral central venous catheters (FCVCs) were prospectively followed...
August 2015: Journal of Pediatric Hematology/oncology
Edward Vincent S Faustino, Simon Li, Cicero T Silva, Matthew G Pinto, Li Qin, Joana A Tala, Henry M Rinder, Gary M Kupfer, Eugene D Shapiro
OBJECTIVE: If we can identify critically ill children at high risk for central venous catheter-related thrombosis, then we could target them for pharmacologic thromboprophylaxis. We determined whether factor VIII activity or G value was associated with catheter-related thrombosis in critically ill children. DESIGN: Prospective cohort study. SETTING: Two tertiary academic centers. PATIENTS: We enrolled children younger than 18 years who were admitted to the PICU within 24 hours after insertion of a central venous catheter...
July 2015: Pediatric Critical Care Medicine
Jennifer R Marin, Resa E Lewiss
Emergency physicians have used point-of-care ultrasonography since the 1990 s. Pediatric emergency medicine physicians have more recently adopted this technology. Point-of-care ultrasonography is used for various scenarios, particularly the evaluation of soft tissue infections or blunt abdominal trauma and procedural guidance. To date, there are no published statements from national organizations specifically for pediatric emergency physicians describing the incorporation of point-of-care ultrasonography into their practice...
April 2015: Pediatrics
(no author information available yet)
Point-of-care ultrasonography is increasingly being used to facilitate accurate and timely diagnoses and to guide procedures. It is important for pediatric emergency medicine (PEM) physicians caring for patients in the emergency department to receive adequate and continued point-of-care ultrasonography training for those indications used in their practice setting. Emergency departments should have credentialing and quality assurance programs. PEM fellowships should provide appropriate training to physician trainees...
April 2015: Pediatrics
Jennifer R Marin, Resa E Lewiss
Point-of-care ultrasonography is increasingly being used to facilitate accurate and timely diagnoses and to guide procedures. It is important for pediatric emergency physicians caring for patients in the emergency department to receive adequate and continued point-of-care ultrasonography training for those indications used in their practice setting. Emergency departments should have credentialing and quality assurance programs. Pediatric emergency medicine fellowships should provide appropriate training to physician trainees...
April 2015: Annals of Emergency Medicine
Vincenzo Vitale, Zaccaria Ricci, Paola Cogo
Lung ultrasonography is a diagnostic tool increasingly used in critical care. Few data are available for the pediatric population. We describe our experience with lung ultrasonography for 5 pediatric patients with common post-cardiac surgery lung complications (pleural effusion, pneumothorax, atelectasis, pneumonia). Ultrasonography was useful also for lung recruitment. Such data were confirmed by chest radiographs or by computed tomography, or both. Lung ultrasonography can be considered as a useful, real-time, bedside tool to detect specific lung diseases, reliably implementing radiographic images and potentially decreasing the total number of radiographs in critically ill children with congenital heart diseases...
April 2014: Annals of Thoracic Surgery
Ashley Saucier, Eunice Y Huang, Chetachi A Emeremni, Jay Pershad
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the diagnostic accuracy of a clinical pathway for suspected appendicitis combining the Samuel's pediatric appendicitis score (PAS) and selective use of ultrasonography (US) as the primary imaging modality. METHODS: Prospective, observational cohort study conducted at an urban, academic pediatric emergency department. After initial evaluation, patients were determined to be at low (PAS 1-3), intermediate (PAS 4-7), or high (PAS 8-10) risk for appendicitis...
January 2014: Pediatrics
B Riu, J Ruiz, A Mari, S Silva
An increasingly amount of evidence suggests that lung ultrasonography constitutes a relevant complementary diagnostic tool for adults patient in acute respiratory failure. A comprehensive and standardized ultrasonographic semiology has been described, relying on accurate and reproducible data directly obtained at patient's bedside. Therefore, pleural effusion, pneumothorax, pulmonary consolidation and interstitial lung disease can be diagnosed in a critical care environment with a similar level of performance than when reference diagnosis methods such as thoracic CT-scan are employed...
December 2013: Annales Françaises D'anesthèsie et de Rèanimation
Ghassan A Shaath, Abdulraouf Jijeh, Ahmad Alkurdi, Sameh Ismail, Mahmoud Elbarbary, Mohamed S Kabbani
OBJECTIVES: Upper airway obstruction after pediatric cardiac surgery is not uncommon. In the cardiac surgical population, an important etiology is vocal cord paresis or paralysis following extubation. In this study, we aimed to evaluate the feasibility and accuracy of ultrasonography (US) assessment of the vocal cords mobility and compare it to fiber-optic laryngoscope (FL). MATERIAL AND METHODS: A prospective pilot study has been conducted in Pediatric Cardiac ICU (PCICU) at King Abdulaziz Cardiac Center (KACC) from the 1st of June 2009 till the end of July 2010...
July 2012: Journal of the Saudi Heart Association
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