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pediatric point-of-care ultrasonography

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28509686/accuracy-of-point-of-care-ultrasonography-for-pediatric-ankle-sprain-injuries
#1
Sarah Jones, Keith Colaco, Jason Fischer, Jennifer Stimec, Charisse Kwan, Kathy Boutis
OBJECTIVES: In children with radiograph fracture-negative lateral ankle injuries, the main objective of this pilot study was to explore the accuracy, sensitivity, and specificity of point-of-care ultrasound (POCUS) performed by a pediatric emergency physician in diagnosing anterior talofibular ligament injuries, radiographically occult distal fibular fractures, and effusions compared with reference standard magnetic resonance imaging (MRI). METHODS: This was a prospective cohort pilot study...
May 15, 2017: Pediatric Emergency Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28466618/point-of-care-ultrasound-in-a-department-of-pediatric-and-adolescent-surgery
#2
Efrat Avinadav, Anastasia Almog, Dragan Kravarusic, Emanuelle Seguier, Inbal Samuk, Adrianna Nika, Enrique Freud
BACKGROUND: Point-of-care ultrasound (POCUS) is becoming a common tool for routine use in emergency medicine, anesthesiology and intensive care for diagnostic and interventional purposes. When a portable ultrasound device became available for the department of Pediatric and Adolescent Surgery at the Schneider's Children Medical Center of Israel, we added POCUS assessments to the physician's daily rounds. POCUS is performed by pediatric surgeons trained in basic ultrasonography skills...
November 2016: Israel Medical Association Journal: IMAJ
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28376073/point-of-care-ultrasound-diagnosis-of-traumatic-abdominal-wall-hernia
#3
Lori B Bjork, Shawna D Bellew, Tobias Kummer
Traumatic abdominal wall hernias due to blunt abdominal trauma in pediatric patients can pose a diagnostic challenge because of spontaneous hernia reduction. Ultrasonography may be superior to computed tomography for this indication in some cases because of the ability to dynamically and repeatedly assess the area of injury. Herniation can be induced or exaggerated via Valsalva maneuvers, which can facilitate its detection during dynamic assessment. We present the case of a 3-year-old boy who sustained blunt abdominal trauma, with a resultant abdominal wall hernia that was diagnosed using point-of-care ultrasound imaging...
May 2017: Pediatric Emergency Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28284770/point-of-care-ultrasonography-to-assist-in-the-diagnosis-and-management-of-subluxation-of-the-radial-head-in-pediatric-patients-a-case-series
#4
Faruk Güngör, Taylan Kılıç
BACKGROUND: A subluxation of the radial head (SRH) is a clinical condition that commonly occurs in children under 6 years of age. History and physical examination findings typically include a child who presents with an elbow held in extension and with forearm pronation, after having suffered significant longitudinal traction on the arm, or after a fall on an outstretched hand. The diagnosis is often clinically obvious. The injury responds dramatically to closed reduction, and usually no imaging is required...
March 8, 2017: Journal of Emergency Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28105581/point-of-care-ultrasound-identification-of-pneumatosis-intestinalis-in-pediatric-abdominal-pain-a-case-report
#5
Vigil James, Aswin Warier, Khai Pin Lee, Gene Yong-Kwang Ong
We describe a case report of an infant with intussusception who presented to a pediatric emergency department with diarrhea and increased irritability. Pneumatosis intestinalis (intra-mural air) detected on point-of-care ultrasonography (but not apparent on plain abdominal radiographs) alerted the emergency physicians towards the severity of disease process.
December 2017: Critical Ultrasound Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28091777/ultrasonography-for-endotracheal-tube-position-in-infants-and-children
#6
REVIEW
Pooja Jaeel, Mansi Sheth, Jimmy Nguyen
Ultrasonography (US) has been shown to be effective for verifying endotracheal tube (ETT) position in adults but has been less studied in infants and children. We review the literature regarding US for ETT positioning in the pediatric population. A literature search was conducted using the Ovid and MEDLINE databases with search terms regarding US relating to ETT intubation and positioning in infants and children. Most studies in neonates and infants used the midsagittal suprasternal view. Studies reported >80% visualization of the ETT tip by US, and US interpretation of the ETT position correlated with the XR position in 73-100% of cases...
March 2017: European Journal of Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27898631/traumatic-femoral-artery-thrombosis-diagnosed-by-point-of-care-ultrasonography-in-the-pediatric-emergency-department
#7
REVIEW
Sarah D Jones, Jason Fischer, Charisse Kwan, Mark Tessaro
Femoral artery injuries are a rare complication of blunt trauma in children that require expeditious diagnosis and treatment to prevent permanent limb dysfunction. Point-of-care ultrasonography of femoral vessels is a well-established emergency physician technique for ruling out deep vein thrombosis and guiding femoral vessel catheterization. We present the first report of a pediatric emergency physician diagnosing a traumatic femoral artery thrombus using point-of-care ultrasonography.
December 2016: Pediatric Emergency Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27604617/12th-winfocus-world-congress-on-ultrasound-in-emergency-and-critical-care
#8
Yahya Acar, Onur Tezel, Necati Salman, Erdem Cevik, Margarita Algaba-Montes, Alberto Oviedo-García, Mayra Patricio-Bordomás, Mustafa Z Mahmoud, Abdelmoneim Sulieman, Abbas Ali, Alrayah Mustafa, Ihab Abdelrahman, Mustafa Bahar, Osama Ali, H Lester Kirchner, Gregor Prosen, Ajda Anzic, Paul Leeson, Maryam Bahreini, Fatemeh Rasooli, Houman Hosseinnejad, Gabriel Blecher, Robert Meek, Diana Egerton-Warburton, Edina Ćatić Ćuti, Stanko Belina, Tihomir Vančina, Idriz Kovačević, Nadan Rustemović, Ikwan Chang, Jin Hee Lee, Young Ho Kwak, Do Kyun Kim, Chi-Yung Cheng, Hsiu-Yung Pan, Chia-Te Kung, Ela Ćurčić, Ena Pritišanac, Ivo Planinc, Marijana Grgić Medić, Radovan Radonić, Abiola Fasina, Anthony J Dean, Nova L Panebianco, Patricia S Henwood, Oliviero Fochi, Moreno Favarato, Ezio Bonanomi, Ivan Tomić, Youngrock Ha, Hongchuen Toh, Elizabeth Harmon, Wilma Chan, Cameron Baston, Gail Morrison, Frances Shofer, Angela Hua, Sharon Kim, James Tsung, Isa Gunaydin, Zeynep Kekec, Mehmet Oguzhan Ay, Jinjoo Kim, Jinhyun Kim, Gyoosung Choi, Dowon Shim, Ji-Han Lee, Jana Ambrozic, Katja Prokselj, Miha Lucovnik, Gabrijela Brzan Simenc, Asta Mačiulienė, Almantas Maleckas, Algimantas Kriščiukaitis, Vytautas Mačiulis, Andrius Macas, Sharad Mohite, Zoltan Narancsik, Hugon Možina, Sara Nikolić, Jan Hansel, Rok Petrovčič, Una Mršić, Simon Orlob, Markus Lerchbaumer, Niklas Schönegger, Reinhard Kaufmann, Chun-I Pan, Chien-Hung Wu, Sarah Pasquale, Stephanie J Doniger, Sharon Yellin, Gerardo Chiricolo, Maja Potisek, Borut Drnovšek, Boštjan Leskovar, Kristine Robinson, Clara Kraft, Benjamin Moser, Stephen Davis, Shelley Layman, Yusef Sayeed, Joseph Minardi, Irmina Sefic Pasic, Amra Dzananovic, Anes Pasic, Sandra Vegar Zubovic, Ana Godan Hauptman, Ana Vujaklija Brajkovic, Jaksa Babel, Marina Peklic, Vedran Radonic, Luka Bielen, Peh Wee Ming, Nur Hafiza Yezid, Fatahul Laham Mohammed, Zainal Abidin Huda, Wan Nasarudin Wan Ismail, W Yus Haniff W Isa, Hashairi Fauzi, Praveena Seeva, Mohd Zulfakar Mazlan
A1 Point-of-care ultrasound examination of cervical spine in emergency departmentYahya Acar, Onur Tezel, Necati SalmanA2 A new technique in verifying the placement of a nasogastric tube: obtaining the longitudinal view of nasogastric tube in addition to transverse view with ultrasoundYahya Acar, Necati Salman, Onur Tezel, Erdem CevikA3 Pseudoaneurysm of the femoral artery after cannulation of a central venous line. Should we always use ultrasound in these procedures?Margarita Algaba-Montes, Alberto Oviedo-García, Mayra Patricio-BordomásA4 Ultrasound-guided supraclavicular subclavian vein catheterization...
September 2016: Critical Ultrasound Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27536810/prospective-evaluation-of-clinical-lung-ultrasonography-in-the-diagnosis-of-community-acquired-pneumonia-in-a-pediatric-emergency-department
#9
Frédéric Samson, Inigo Gorostiza, Andrés González, María Landa, Lucía Ruiz, Miguel Grau
OBJECTIVES: To evaluate the applicability and utility of point-of-care lung ultrasonography (POCLUS) for the diagnosis of community-acquired pneumonia (CAP) in a pediatric emergency department. METHODS: A prospective observational study on children with suspected CAP was carried out in a pediatric emergency department from August to December 2014. The evaluation of the chest radiography (CR) by two independent radiologists was considered as a reference standard...
August 17, 2016: European Journal of Emergency Medicine: Official Journal of the European Society for Emergency Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27513327/the-state-of-point-of-care-ultrasonography-use-and-training-in-neonatal-perinatal-medicine-and-pediatric-critical-care-medicine-fellowship-programs
#10
J Nguyen, R Amirnovin, R Ramanathan, S Noori
OBJECTIVE: The current state of point-of-care ultrasonography (POCUS) use and education in neonatal-perinatal medicine (NPM) and pediatric critical care medicine (PCCM) is unknown. Our aim was to quantify POCUS use, training and perceptions regarding education and barriers among the United States NPM and PCCM fellowship programs. STUDY DESIGN: A 14-question survey was emailed to the fellowship directors of all the United States NPM and PCCM fellowship programs. RESULTS: The response rate was 55% (52/95) and 59% (39/66) for NPM and PCCM programs, respectively...
November 2016: Journal of Perinatology: Official Journal of the California Perinatal Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27490733/diagnosis-of-cystic-teratoma-facilitated-by-point-of-care-ultrasonography
#11
Kimberly Bogard Horner, Jennifer R Marin
Abdominal pain and constipation are common chief complaints in the pediatric emergency department. We present a case of a child with pain, abdominal distention, and constipation ultimately diagnosed with an ovarian teratoma and the role of point-of-care ultrasonography in the evaluation.
August 2016: Pediatric Emergency Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27253360/abdominal-cerebrospinal-fluid-pseudocyst-diagnosed-by-point-of-care-ultrasound
#12
Yaron Ivan, Jason Hauptman, Jennifer R Marin
Abdominal cerebrospinal fluid pseudocyst is an uncommon complication of ventriculoperitoneal shunt and is seen more commonly in the pediatric population. The diagnosis of an abdominal cerebrospinal fluid pseudocyst is typically made by ultrasonography, which demonstrates a simple or loculated fluid collection in the abdomen. We present a case of abdominal pseudocyst diagnosed by point-of-care ultrasound.
June 2016: Pediatric Emergency Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27155438/accuracy-of-point-of-care-lung-ultrasonography-for-diagnosis-of-acute-chest-syndrome-in-pediatric-patients-with-sickle-cell-disease-and-fever
#13
Dina D Daswani, Vaishali P Shah, Jeffrey R Avner, Deepa G Manwani, Jessica Kurian, Joni E Rabiner
OBJECTIVES: The objective was to determine the test performance characteristics for point-of-care lung ultrasonography (LUS) performed by pediatric emergency medicine (PEM) physicians compared with radiographic diagnosis of acute chest syndrome (ACS) in patients with sickle cell disease (SCD) and fever. METHODS: This was a prospective study of patients up to 21 years with SCD and fever requiring chest X-ray (CXR) evaluation for ACS. Before obtaining CXR, a blinded PEM physician performed LUS using a standardized scanning protocol...
August 2016: Academic Emergency Medicine: Official Journal of the Society for Academic Emergency Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27078203/analysis-of-lawsuits-related-to-point-of-care-ultrasonography-in-neonatology-and-pediatric-subspecialties
#14
J Nguyen, M Cascione, S Noori
OBJECTIVE: Point-of-care ultrasonography (POCUS) is becoming increasingly available for neonatologists and pediatric subspecialists (PSS); however, concerns over potential litigation from possible missed diagnoses or incorrect management have been documented. This study aims to define the extent and quality of lawsuits filed against neonatologists and PSS related to POCUS. STUDY DESIGN: We conducted a retrospective study of all United States reported state and federal cases in the Westlaw database from January 1990 through October 2015...
September 2016: Journal of Perinatology: Official Journal of the California Perinatal Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26835571/a-novice-user-of-pediatric-emergency-point-of-care-ultrasonography-avoids-misdiagnosis-in-a-case-of-chronic-abdominal-distention
#15
Marybelle Pe, Eitan Dickman, Mark Tessaro
A 13-year-old adolescent girl with chronic abdominal distention was referred to the pediatric emergency department after the outpatient workup suggested moderate ascites. Point-of-care ultrasonography performed by the emergency physicians ruled out ascites, instead demonstrating a well-circumscribed cystic mass subsequently identified as an ovarian mucinous cystadenoma.
February 2016: Pediatric Emergency Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26830217/treatment-of-septic-hip-in-a-pediatric-ed-a-retrospective-case-series-analysis
#16
Pavel Kotlarsky, Itai Shavit, Imad Kassis, Mark Eidelman
BACKGROUND: A pediatric septic hip is a serious condition that must be recognized and treated as early as possible. We describe the clinical course of children with septic hip that were treated with aspiration of the hip joint in the emergency department (AHED). METHODS: This was a retrospective case series analysis. RESULTS: Between January 1, 2007, and December 31, 2014, 17 children with septic hip were diagnosed by emergency physicians using point-of-care ultrasonography...
March 2016: American Journal of Emergency Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26785100/point-of-care-ultrasonography-for-appendicitis-uncovers-two-alternate-diagnoses
#17
Aaron E Kornblith, Stephanie J Doniger
We present two cases of pediatric patients initially presenting with a clinical suspicion of acute appendicitis. In these cases, point-of-care ultrasonography was performed early in the patient's emergency department course, leading to alternate diagnoses. This article highlights a role for point-of-care ultrasound in the diagnoses of two alternate conditions that clinically mimic appendicitis: Meckel diverticulitis and acute ileocecitis. We offer a brief overview of terminology, relevant literature, and ultrasound scanning technique for the right-lower-quadrant point-of-care ultrasound evaluation...
April 2016: Pediatric Emergency Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26691513/intraoperative-trans-fontanellar-cerebral-ultrasonography-in-infants-during-cardiac-surgery-under-cardiopulmonary-bypass-an-observational-study
#18
Yong-Hee Park, In-Kyung Song, Ji-Hyun Lee, Hee-Soo Kim, Chong-Sung Kim, Jin-Tae Kim
This study was performed to evaluate the feasibility of intraoperative point-of-care trans-fontanellar cerebral ultrasonography (TFCU) to obtain blood flow velocity (BFV) reference values at the internal carotid arteries (ICAs) and peri-callosal part of the anterior cerebral artery (pACA) during pediatric cardiac surgery under cardiopulmonary bypass (CPB). TFCU was performed at three time points (after induction of anesthesia, during CPB, after CPB) in 35 infants. BFV was measured at both ICAs and pACA through the anterior fontanelle with an ultrasound sector probe...
February 2017: Journal of Clinical Monitoring and Computing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26563535/point-of-care-ultrasonography-for-the-diagnosis-of-pediatric-soft-tissue-infection
#19
COMPARATIVE STUDY
Cynthia M Adams, Mark I Neuman, Jason A Levy
OBJECTIVES: To determine the test characteristics of point-of-care ultrasonography for the identification of a drainable abscess and to compare the test characteristics of ultrasonography with physical examination. In addition, we sought to measure the extent to which ultrasonography impacts clinical management of children with skin and soft tissue infections (SSTIs). STUDY DESIGN: We performed a prospective study of children with SSTIs evaluated in a pediatric emergency department...
February 2016: Journal of Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26349776/point-of-care-ultrasonography-in-the-detection-of-pediatric-esophageal-food-impaction
#20
Laura Anna Simone, Jonathan Orsborn, Ron Berant, Mark O Tessaro
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
April 2016: American Journal of Emergency Medicine
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