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pediatric clinical ultrasound

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29666728/a-rare-benign-tumor-in-a-14-year-old-girl
#1
Meral Hassan Abualjadayel, Osama Y Safdar, Maysaa Adnan Banjari, Sherif El Desoky, Ghadeer A Mokhtar, Raed A Azhar
Background: Oncocytomas are the second most common benign renal neoplasm but, unfortunately, they are difficult to differentiate from renal cell carcinoma. Renal oncocytomas are rare and have mostly been reported in adults. To our knowledge, this is only the sixth pediatric reported case of renal oncocytoma worldwide. Case Presentation: A 14-year-old Yemeni girl with a recurrent history of urinary tract infections came to our clinic complaining of left flank pain with a frontal headache...
2018: Case Reports in Nephrology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29664657/enterobius-vermicularis-a-cause-of-abdominal-pain-mimicking-acute-appendicitis-in-children-a-retrospective-cohort-study
#2
Mohamed Zouari, Hamid Louati, Imen Abid, Fatma Trabelsi, Mahdi Ben Dhaou, Mohamed Jallouli, Riadh Mhiri
BACKGROUND: Enterobius vermicularis (EV) is the most common helminthic infection in the world. This small parasite is predominant in the pediatric population. The presence of EV in the appendix can cause or mimick appendicitis. The aim of our study was to compare patients with EV infection and those without EV infection, and to identify predictive factors that may help the diagnosis of EV infection in patients presenting with right iliac fossa pain and avoid negative appendectomy. METHODS: A retrospective analysis of all the appendices removed between January 2012 and December 2016 was conducted at the department of pediatric surgery, Hedi Chaker Hospital, Sfax, Tunisia...
February 1, 2018: Archives of Iranian Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29645365/pre-procedural-ultrasound-for-infant-lumbar-puncture-a-randomized-clinical-trial
#3
David Kessler, Vartan Pahalyants, Joshua Kriger, Gerald Behr, Peter Dayan
BACKGROUND: Our purpose was to determine the potential effect of pre-procedural ultrasound to increase lumbar puncture (LP) success compared with standard palpation method. Further, we assessed feasibility of and clinician satisfaction with a standardized ultrasound protocol. METHODS: This prospective, two-arm, parallel group randomized trial was conducted in a single-center pediatric emergency department. We compared pre-procedural ultrasound vs. palpation method on success with infant LPs...
April 12, 2018: Academic Emergency Medicine: Official Journal of the Society for Academic Emergency Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29625868/combined-use-of-flexible-ureteroscopic-lithotripsy-with-micro-percutaneous-nephrolithotomy-in-pediatric-multiple-kidney-stones
#4
Jun Li, Wenying Wang, Yuan Du, Ye Tian
BACKGROUND: We investigated the clinical value of treating pediatric multiple kidney stones with extensive distribution using flexible ureteroscopic lithotripsy (FUL) combined with micro-percutaneous nephrolithotomy (micro-PNL). PATIENTS AND METHODS: In total, 21 pediatric patients with multiple renal calculi between May 2016 and June 2017 received FUL combined with micro-PNL. The group included 13 boys and eight girls; the patients' mean age was 3.8 years (range 1-8 years)...
March 28, 2018: Journal of Pediatric Urology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29606669/flares-of-disease-in-children-with-clinically-inactive-juvenile-idiopathic-arthritis-were-not-correlated-with-ultrasound-findings
#5
Yongdong Zhao, Nanci E Rascoff, Ramesh S Iyer, Mahesh Thapa, Lucas Reichley, Assaf P Oron, Carol A Wallace
OBJECTIVE: The validity of our current definitions for clinically inactive disease (CID) in juvenile idiopathic arthritis (JIA) based on physical examination is challenged by the development of advanced musculoskeletal imaging tools. We aimed to prospectively determine the prevalence of abnormal ultrasound (US) findings in children with CID in JIA and their clinical significance. METHODS: Children aged ≥ 4 years with CID and a history of arthritis from a single tertiary center were approached over 1 year...
April 1, 2018: Journal of Rheumatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29575312/lung-ultrasound-reclassification-of-chest-x-ray-data-after-pediatric-cardiac-surgery
#6
Massimiliano Cantinotti, Lamia Ait Ali, Marco Scalese, Raffaele Giordano, Manuel Melo, Ettore Remoli, Eliana Franchi, Alberto Clemente, Riccardo Moschetti, Pierluigi Festa, Dorela Haxiademi, Luna Gargani
INTRODUCTION: Lung ultrasound is gaining consensus for the diagnosis of some pulmonary conditions. Pulmonary complications are common in pediatric cardiac surgery. However, its use remains limited in this setting. Our aim was to test the feasibility of lung ultrasound following pediatric cardiac surgery and to compare lung ultrasound and chest X-ray findings, assessing whether lung ultrasound may provide additional information. METHODS: One hundred and thirty-eight lung ultrasound examinations were performed in 79 children (median age 9...
March 25, 2018: Paediatric Anaesthesia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29572157/can-a-modified-bosniak-classification-system-risk-stratify-pediatric-cystic-renal-masses
#7
Amanda F Saltzman, Alonso Carrasco, Alexandra N Colvin, Mariana L Meyers, Nicholas G Cost
PURPOSE: To characterize and apply the modified Bosniak classification system to a cohort of children with cystic renal lesions and known surgical pathology. MATERIALS AND METHODS: We identified all patients at our institution with cystic renal masses that also underwent surgery for these lesions. Patients without available preoperative imaging or pathology were excluded. All radiological imaging was independently reviewed by a pediatric radiologist blinded to pathology...
March 20, 2018: Journal of Urology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29570940/lung-ultrasound-in-diagnosis-and-follow-up-of-community-acquired-pneumonia-in-infants-younger-than-one-year-old
#8
Ahmed Omran, Samah Eesai, Mostafa Ibrahim, Sonya El-Sharkawy
BACKGROUND: Pneumonia is still a leading cause of illness and death in infants worldwide. Lung ultrasound (LUS) is emerging as an extremely valuable non-ionizing radiation diagnostic tool in diagnosis and follow up of multiple pediatric pulmonary diseases. OBJECTIVE: To assess the applicability of LUS in diagnosis and follow up of community acquired pneumonia (CAP) in Egyptian infants younger than 1 year old. METHODS: LUS and chest X ray (CXR) were performed in 50 infants presented with clinical symptoms and signs suggestive of CAP within the first 6 hours of admission in our inpatient department, then follow up LUS was performed 5 days after admission...
March 23, 2018: Clinical Respiratory Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29569185/indications-and-results-of-renal-biopsy-in-children-a-36-year-experience
#9
Luisa Santangelo, Giuseppe Stefano Netti, Paolo Giordano, Vincenza Carbone, Marida Martino, Diletta Domenica Torres, Michele Rossini, Anna Maria Di Palma, Loreto Gesualdo, Mario Giordano
BACKGROUND: This study was conducted to investigate retrospectively the indications for renal biopsy (RB) in native kidneys and to analyze pathological findings in a single tertiary pediatric hospital in Southern Italy for the last 36 years. METHODS: All patients who underwent RB at our hospital from 1979 to 2014 were included. All renal tissue specimens were studied under light and immunofluorescent microscopy, while electron microscopy was performed only for specific clinical indications...
March 22, 2018: World Journal of Pediatrics: WJP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29561416/necrotizing-fasciitis-after-scrotum-skin-injury-in-an-infant-a-case-report
#10
Z X Ren, C L Liu, Q Zhang, F Xu, Y N Zheng, X J Li, J Yang
RATIONALE: Necrotizing fasciitis (NF) is a life-threatening situation that is rare in children, especially infants, and early diagnosis is challenging. Timely identification and broad-spectrum antibiotic and supportive treatment before surgical debridement are very important for survival and may reduce scar formation. PATIENT CONCERNS: A previously healthy 4-month-old infant was admitted to our pediatric intensive care unit (PICU) with a history of fever and cough for 5 days and extreme swelling of the scrotum for one day...
March 2018: Medicine (Baltimore)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29536769/clinical-and-imaging-features-of-kaposiform-hemangioendothelioma
#11
Pei-An Hu, Zheng-Rong Zhou
PURPOSES: Kaposiform hemangioendothelioma (KHE) is a unique locally aggressive vascular tumor with poor prognosis. The aim of this study is to assess the clinical and imaging features of KHE, and to compare the differences between solitary and diffusive infiltrative subtype further. METHODS: The clinical and radiological findings of a cohort of 25 cases with histologically proven KHE, between June 2011 and June 2016, were reviewed retrospectively. Seven solitary and 18 diffusive infiltrative subtypes KHE were included...
March 14, 2018: British Journal of Radiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29502388/horseshoe-kidney-and-uretero-pelvic-junction-obstruction-in-a-pediatric-patient-laparoscopic-vascular-hitch-a-valid-alternative-to-dismembered-pyeloplasty
#12
Cosimo Bleve, Valeria Bucci, Maria Luisa Conighi, Francesco Battaglino, Lorenzo Costa, Lorella Fasoli, Elisa Zolpi, Salvatore Fabio Chiarenza
Horseshoe kidney (HSK) is a congenital defect of the urinary tract that occurs in 0.25% of the general population. Laparoscopic Vascular Hitch (LVH) according to Hellstrom-Chapman represent an alternative approach in treatment of extrinsic hydronephrosis by crossing vessels (CV) in pediatric age. In our Department from 2006 to 2016, 36 children with extrinsic-Uretero-Pelvic-Junction (UPJ)-Obstruction (UPJO) underwent laparoscopic vessels transposition. Over the last 4years, we have treated three patients with extrinsic hydronephrosis in HSK; two males and one female respectively of 6, 7 and 8years...
December 13, 2017: La Pediatria Medica e Chirurgica: Medical and Surgical Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29476214/comparison-of-ultrasound-versus-computed-tomography-for-the-detection-of-kidney-stones-in-the-pediatric-population-a-clinical-effectiveness-study
#13
Nathaniel P Roberson, Jonathan R Dillman, Sara M O'Hara, William R DeFoor, Pramod P Reddy, Richard M Giordano, Andrew T Trout
BACKGROUND: The incidence of pediatric nephrolithiasis in the United States is increasing. There is a paucity of literature comparing the diagnostic performance of computed ultrasound (US) to tomography (CT) in the pediatric population. OBJECTIVE: To determine the diagnostic performance of renal US for nephrolithiasis in children using a clinical effectiveness approach. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Institutional review board approval with a waiver of informed consent was obtained for this retrospective, HIPAA-complaint investigation...
February 23, 2018: Pediatric Radiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29476194/-inflammatory-gastrointestinal-diseases-in-children-radiological-diagnosis
#14
REVIEW
S Habernig, P Malle, K A Hausegger
BACKGROUND/CLINICAL ISSUE: Inflammatory bowel diseases are frequently seen in the clinical routine of a pediatric radiologist. The timely diagnosis of inflammatory bowel diseases in children is particularly important in acute cases. STANDARD RADIOLOGICAL METHODS/METHODOLOGICAL INNOVATIONS: This nonsystematic article intends to give an overview of the radiologic imaging methods for the diagnosis and work-up of pediatric patients with inflammatory bowel diseases...
February 23, 2018: Der Radiologe
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29470285/clinical-and-imaging-predictors-of-surgical-splenorenal-shunt-dysfunction-in-pediatric-patients
#15
Andrew Woerner, Giri Shivaram, Kevin S H Koo, Evelyn K Hsu, Andre A S Dick, Eric J Monroe
PURPOSE: Few established criteria exist to prompt angiographic evaluation and intervention for surgically created splenorenal shunts (SRS). Clinical and Doppler ultrasound (DUS) imaging predictors of shunt dysfunction were evaluated in this retrospective study. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Consecutive patients undergoing SRS angiography over a 10-year period were retrospectively identified. Preangiography platelet count and DUS measurements of spleen diameter, maximum splenic vein velocity, and maximum shunt velocity were assessed and compared to findings at subsequent catheter angiography...
February 21, 2018: Journal of Pediatric Gastroenterology and Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29465563/non-hodgkin-lymphoma-diagnostic-and-prognostic-particularities-in-children-a-series-of-case-reports-and-a-review-of-the-literature-care-compliant
#16
REVIEW
Cristina Oana Mărginean, Lorena Elena Meliţ, Emoke Horvath, Horea Gozar, Mihaela Ioana Chinceşan
RATIONALE: Non-Hodgkin lymphoma remains an unpredictable condition in pediatric patients. PATIENT CONCERNS: Our first case describes an 8-year-old boy with a history of iron deficiency anemia, admitted in our clinic for recurrent abdominal pain, weight loss, loss of appetite, diarrheic stools, and fever. The second case also describes an 8-year-old boy admitted for abdominal pain and vomiting. The 3rd case refers to a 4 years and 10 months old boy admitted in our clinic with abdominal pain and loss of appetite, who was initially admitted in the Pediatrics Surgery Clinic with the suspicion of appendicitis...
February 2018: Medicine (Baltimore)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29459045/factors-associated-with-ultrasound-guided-water-enema-reduction-for-pediatric-intussusception-in-resource-limited-setting-potential-predictive-role-of-thrombocytosis-and-anemia
#17
Raymond Zhun Ming Lim, Terance Lee, Justin Yau Zane Ng, Kia Fatt Quek, Nyazirah Abdul Wahab, Shahrul Lokman Amansah, V Muthu Alhagi M Vellusamy, Chin Fang Ngim
BACKGROUND/PURPOSE: Although ultrasound-guided hydrostatic reduction (USGHR) is increasingly used in managing pediatric intussusception, there is limited literature concerning its use in Malaysia. We aim to examine the experience and factors associated with the effectiveness of USGHR using water. METHODS: This is a single-center retrospective observational study in a Malaysian tertiary referral center. Children with intussusception admitted between year 2012 and 2016 were included and medical records reviewed...
January 31, 2018: Journal of Pediatric Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29456120/bladder-debris-on-ultrasound-as-a-predictor-for-positive-urine-culture-in-a-pediatric-population
#18
Scott M Stevenson, Glen A Lau, William C Andolsek, Angela P Presson, Patrick C Cartwright
INTRODUCTION: Debris within the bladder is commonly seen on ultrasound. The etiology of bladder debris is varied and the likelihood that urinary debris represents positive urine culture is under investigation. We hypothesize that bladder debris will increase the likelihood that a urine culture is positive compared to those without bladder debris. METHODS: We performed a retrospective review on children aged 0-17 years who had a voiding cystourethrogram with a catheterized urinalysis or urine culture, and who also had a renal and bladder ultrasound up to 1 week prior, the day of, or up to 2 days after their urine studies...
February 3, 2018: Journal of Pediatric Urology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29456117/extraordinary-daytime-only-urinary-frequency-in-childhood-prevalence-diagnosis-and-management
#19
Pierluigi Marzuillo, Mario Diplomatico, Rosaria Marotta, Laura Perrone, Emanuele Miraglia Del Giudice, Cesare Polito, Angela La Manna, Stefano Guarino
INTRODUCTION: Since standardization of the ICCS terminology, only two small case series of children with extraordinary daytime only urinary frequency (EDOUF) have been published. The aims of the present study were i) to describe a large cohort of children affected by EDOUF, to evaluate its rate among the main micturition pediatric disturbances, and to determine if there is different EDOUF onset among seasons; ii) to investigate possible associations with urodynamic abnormalities by non-invasive techniques; iii) to evaluate whether postponing micturition exercise (PME) can objectively verify the anamnestic data hinting at the EDOUF diagnosis; and iv) to determine the effect of postponing micturition at home...
February 9, 2018: Journal of Pediatric Urology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29453131/the-incidence-of-associated-abnormalities-in-patients-with-sacrococcygeal-teratoma
#20
Marijke E B Kremer, Jessica F Althof, Joep P M Derikx, Robertine van Baren, Hugo A Heij, Marc H W A Wijnen, René M H Wijnen, David C van der Zee, L W Ernest van Heurn
BACKGROUND: Gross genetic causes for SCT are unknown; however, it might be associated with other abnormalities. We assessed the incidence of associated abnormalities in a large national cohort of neonates with SCT and aimed to identify predictive risk factors. PROCEDURE: The medical records were reviewed of 235 consecutive neonates with SCT treated at the six pediatric surgical centers in the Netherlands from 1970 to 2010. Potential risk factors for associated abnormalities analyzed included sex, gestational age, tumor-volume/histology and Altman-classification...
January 31, 2018: Journal of Pediatric Surgery
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