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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28087587/association-between-dietary-intake-and-school-valued-outcomes-a-scoping-review
#1
H S K Chan, C Knight, M Nicholson
Approximately one in four Australian children aged 5-17 years are overweight or obese. Most of the health effects of overweight and obesity in childhood do not eventuate until into adulthood; therefore, motivation for children to have a healthy diet may be low. This scoping review examined the literature for associations between diet quality in 5-18 year olds and 'school-valued' outcomes including student attendance, academic performance, behaviour at school and mental health. A literature search for studies that assessed dietary intake and at least one 'school-valued' outcome in schoolchildren, in highly developed countries was conducted...
January 13, 2017: Health Education Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28087270/examining-the-reliability-and-validity-of-the-clinical-assessment-interview-for-negative-symptoms-within-the-management-of-schizophrenia-in-clinical-practice-mosaic-multisite-national-study
#2
Jack J Blanchard, Kristen R Bradshaw, Cristina P Garcia, Henry A Nasrallah, Philip D Harvey, Daniel Casey, Csilla T Csoboth, James I Hudson, Laura Julian, Ellen Lentz, Keith H Nuechterlein, Diana O Perkins, Tracey G Skale, Lonnie R Snowden, Rajiv Tandon, Cenk Tek, Dawn Velligan, Sophia Vinogradov, Cedric O'Gorman
The current study sought to expand on prior reports of the validity and reliability of the CAINS (CAINS) by examining its performance across diverse non-academic clinical settings as employed by raters not affiliated with the scale's developers and across a longer test-retest follow-up period. The properties of the CAINS were examined within the Management of Schizophrenia in Clinical Practice (MOSAIC) schizophrenia registry. A total of 501 participants with a schizophrenia spectrum diagnosis who were receiving usual care were recruited across 15 national Patient Assessment Centers and evaluated with the CAINS, other negative symptom measures, and assessments of functioning, quality of life and cognition...
January 11, 2017: Schizophrenia Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28087136/global-general-pediatric-surgery-partnership-the-ucla-mozambique-experience
#3
Vanda Amado, Deborah B Martins, Abraar Karan, Brittni Johnson, Shant Shekherdimian, Lee T Miller, Atanasio Taela, Daniel A DeUgarte
BACKGROUND/PURPOSE: There has been increasing recognition of the disparities in surgical care throughout the world. Increasingly, efforts are being made to improve local infrastructure and training of surgeons in low-income settings. The purpose of this study was to review the first 5-years of a global academic pediatric general surgery partnership between UCLA and the Eduardo Mondlane University in Maputo, Mozambique. METHODS: A mixed-methods approach was utilized to perform an ongoing needs assessment...
January 5, 2017: Journal of Pediatric Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28087132/practice-patterns-of-thoracic-radiotherapy-for-extensive-stage-small-cell-lung-cancer-survey-of-us-academic-thoracic-radiation-oncologists
#4
Carl M Post, Vivek Verma, Timur Mitin, Charles B Simone
PURPOSE: Despite the recent CREST trial demonstrating a survival benefit to thoracic radiotherapy (TRT) for patients with extensive-stage small-cell lung cancer (ES-SCLC) with response to chemotherapy, as well as endorsement by current National Comprehensive Cancer Network guidelines, TRT may not be uniformly delivered in clinical practice across all circumstances. METHODS AND MATERIALS: We surveyed US academic thoracic radiation oncologists regarding their practice patterns for TRT and assessed conditions in which withholding TRT could be warranted...
December 22, 2016: Clinical Lung Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28086959/e-learning-programs-in-oncology-a-nationwide-experience-from-2005-to-2014
#5
Jan Degerfält, Staffan Sjöstedt, Per Fransson, Elisabeth Kjellén, Mads U Werner
BACKGROUND: E-learning is an established concept in oncological education and training. However, there seems to be a scarcity of long-term assessments of E-learning programs in oncology vis-á-vis their structural management and didactic value. This study presents descriptive, nationwide data from 2005 to 2014. E-learning oncology programs in chemotherapy, general oncology, pain management, palliative care, psycho-social-oncology, and radiotherapy, were reviewed from our databases. Questionnaires of self-perceived didactic value of the programs were examined 2008-2014...
January 13, 2017: BMC Research Notes
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28080100/metabolic-control-and-academic-achievement-over-time-among-adolescents-with-type-1-diabetes
#6
Joel B Winnick, Cynthia A Berg, Deborah J Wiebe, Barbara A Schaefer, Pui-Wa Lei, Jonathan E Butner
The relation between metabolic control (HbA1c) and achievement (grade point average [GPA]) was examined over a period of 2.5 years (every 6 months) employing a dynamical systems approach that allowed for the examination of whether HbA1c was associated with change in subsequent GPA and vice versa. Metabolic control tends to deteriorate (i.e., with higher HbA1c reflecting poorer metabolic control) during adolescence. It was hypothesized that these higher levels of HbA1c would limit subsequent increases in GPA...
January 12, 2017: School Psychology Quarterly
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28079637/ln2-cd10-and-ezrin-do-not-distinguish-between-atypical-fibroxanthoma-and-undifferentiated-pleomorphic-sarcoma-or-predict-clinical-outcome
#7
Allison Hanlon, Thomas Stasko, Dan Christiansen, Nika Cyrus, Anjela Galan
BACKGROUND: Atypical fibroxanthoma (AFX) is a rare cutaneous spindled cell neoplasm. For both diagnostic and therapeutic purposes, it is important to distinguish AFX from other poorly differentiated tumors, including undifferentiated pleomorphic sarcoma (UPS). OBJECTIVE: The authors aimed to identify the clinical, histologic, and immunohistochemical expression of LN2, ezrin, and CD10 in AFX and UPS tumors. METHODS AND MATERIALS: The authors retrospectively examined the charts of patients with AFX and UPS treated with Mohs micrographic surgery (MMS) at 2 academic institutions...
January 10, 2017: Dermatologic Surgery: Official Publication for American Society for Dermatologic Surgery [et Al.]
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28077151/multi-strategic-intervention-to-enhance-implementation-of-healthy-canteen-policy-a-randomised-controlled-trial
#8
Luke Wolfenden, Nicole Nathan, Lisa M Janssen, John Wiggers, Kathryn Reilly, Tessa Delaney, Christopher M Williams, Colin Bell, Rebecca Wyse, Rachel Sutherland, Libby Campbell, Christophe Lecathelinais, Chris Oldmeadow, Megan Freund, Sze Lin Yoong
BACKGROUND: Internationally, governments have implemented school-based nutrition policies to restrict the availability of unhealthy foods from sale. The aim of the trial was to assess the effectiveness of a multi-strategic intervention to increase implementation of a state-wide healthy canteen policy. The impact of the intervention on the energy, total fat, and sodium of children's canteen purchases and on schools' canteen revenue was also assessed. METHODS: Australian primary schools with a canteen were randomised to receive a 12-14-month, multi-strategic intervention or to a no intervention control group...
January 11, 2017: Implementation Science: IS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28076919/use-of-treatment-and-counseling-services-and-mind-body-techniques-by-students-with-emotional-and-behavioral-difficulties
#9
Wasantha Jayawardene, Ryan Erbe, David Lohrmann, Mohammad Torabi
BACKGROUND: School-based treatment and counseling services (TCSs) can integrate mind-body techniques (MBTs) to improve children's health, wellness, and academic performance. We aimed to describe the effect of school-based TCS on MBT-use among students experiencing difficulties with concentration, emotions, behaviors, and getting along (DCEBG). METHODS: National Health Interview Survey data were utilized (N2007  = 1225; N2012  = 1835). Logistic regression examined associations between TCS-type and MBT-use, while propensity score matching controlled for confounders in the prematch sample...
February 2017: Journal of School Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28076856/mri-differences-associated-with-intrauterine-growth-restriction-in-preterm-infants
#10
Christie J Bruno, Shreyans Bengani, William A Gomes, Mariana Brewer, Melissa Vega, Xianhong Xie, Mimi Kim, Mamta Fuloria
BACKGROUND: Preterm infants are at risk for neurodevelopmental impairment. Intrauterine growth restriction (IUGR) further increases this risk. Brain imaging studies are often utilized at or near term-equivalent age to determine later prognosis. OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the association between intrauterine growth and regional brain volume on MRI scans performed in preterm infants at or near term-equivalent age. METHODS: This is a retrospective case-control study of 24 infants born at gestational age ≤30 weeks and cared for in a large, inner-city, academic neonatal intensive-care unit from 2012 to 2013...
January 11, 2017: Neonatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28076003/reducing-functional-mr-imaging-acquisition-times-by-optimizing-workflow
#11
Wilson B Chwang, Michael Iv, Jason Smith, Aleksandrs Kalnins, Jake Mickelsen, Roland Bammer, Dominik Fleischmann, David B Larson, Max Wintermark, Michael Zeineh
Functional magnetic resonance (MR) imaging is a complex, specialized examination that is able to noninvasively measure information critical to patient care such as hemispheric language lateralization ( 1 ). Diagnostic functional MR imaging requires extensive patient interaction as well as the coordinated efforts of the entire health care team. We observed in our practice at an academic center that the times to perform functional MR imaging examinations were excessively lengthy, making scheduling of the examination difficult...
January 2017: Radiographics: a Review Publication of the Radiological Society of North America, Inc
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28074991/-factors-affecting-the-educational-environment-in-undergraduate-medical-schools
#12
Guisela Olave P, Cristhian Pérez V, Eduardo Fasce H, Liliana Ortiz M, Nancy Bastías V, Carolina Márquez U, Paula Parra P, Pilar Ibáñez G
BACKGROUND: Educational environment has an important effect on the quality of learning and student satisfaction in medicine. Most of previous studies have been conducted using questionnaires that assess the phenomenon considering overall dimensions, without paying attention to the specific manifestations of this topic, especially those aspects that are related to the protagonists of the learning process: teachers and students. AIM: To describe factors that affect the educational environment in the preclinical Medical formation, according to Medical teachers in Concepción, Chile...
October 2016: Revista Médica de Chile
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28074750/physician-perceptions-of-consultant-pharmacist-services-associated-with-an-intervention-for-adverse-drug-events-in-the-nursing-facility
#13
Sandra L Kane-Gill, Joseph T Hanlon, Michael J Fine, Subashan Perera, Colleen M Culley, Stephanie A Studenski, Dave A Nace, Richard D Boyce, Nicholas G Castle, Steven M Handler
OBJECTIVE: To assess the importance and performance of consultant pharmacist services delivered before and after an intervention to detect and manage adverse drug events among nursing facility residents. DESIGN: Before and after intervention survey of physicians participating in a randomized, controlled trial. SETTING: Four nonprofit, academically affiliated nursing facilities. PARTICIPANTS: Attending physicians providing nursing facility care who were randomized to intervention or control groups...
December 1, 2016: Consultant Pharmacist: the Journal of the American Society of Consultant Pharmacists
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28074261/perioperative-chemotherapy-in-upper-tract-urothelial-carcinoma-a-comprehensive-review
#14
REVIEW
Atiqullah Aziz, Jakub Dobruch, Kees Hendricksen, Luis A Kluth, Andrea Necchi, Aidan Noon, Michael Rink, Florian Roghmann, Roland Seiler, Paolo Gontero, Wassim Kassouf, Shahrokh F Shariat, Evanguelos Xylinas
PURPOSE: To evaluate the role of neoadjuvant (NAC) and adjuvant chemotherapy (AC) in patients with upper tract urothelial carcinoma (UTUC) treated with radical nephroureterectomy (RNU). METHODS: A comprehensive review of the current literature was performed searching for all studies investigating NAC and AC in UTUC in MEDLINE and https://clinicaltrials.gov , prior to April 2016. The following keywords were used: "ureteral neoplasms," "urothelium," "ureter," "upper tract urothelial," "chemotherapy," "adjuvant," "neoadjuvant" and relevant variants...
January 10, 2017: World Journal of Urology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28073791/rapid-deployment-aortic-replacement-radar-registry-in-spain-a-protocol
#15
Victor Bautista-Hernandez, Natalia Cal-Purriños, Jose M Arribas-Leal, Manuel Carnero-Alcazar, Jose F Gutierrez-Diez, Jose J Cuenca-Castillo
INTRODUCTION: Rapid deployment valves (RDV) represent a newly introduced approach to aortic valve replacement which facilitates surgical implantation and minimally invasive techniques, shortens surgical times and shows excellent haemodynamic performance. However, evidence on their safety, efficacy and potential complications is mostly fitted with small-volume and retrospective studies. Moreover, no current guidelines exist. To improve our knowledge on this technology, The Rapid Deployment Aortic Replacement (RADAR) Registry will be established across Spain with the aim of assessing RDV outcomes in the real-world setting...
January 10, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28073612/gonorrhea-and-chlamydia-in-the-emergency-department-continued-need-for-more-focused-treatment-for-men-women-and-pregnant-women
#16
Sean P Wilson, Taher Vohra, McKenna Knych, Jared Goldberg, Christopher Price, Sean Calo, Meredith Mahan, Joseph Miller
INTRODUCTION: Delay in current nucleic acid amplification testing for Neisseria gonorrhoeae and Chlamydia trachomatis has led to recommendations for presumptive treatment in patients with concern for infection and unreliable follow-up. In the urban setting, it is assumed that many patients have unreliable follow-up, therefore presumptive therapy is thought to be used frequently. We sought to measure the frequency of disease and accuracy of presumptive treatment for these infections. METHODS: This was an observational cohort study performed at an urban academic Level 1 trauma center ED with an annual census of 95,000 visits per year...
January 3, 2017: American Journal of Emergency Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28072550/rotational-advancement-in-cleft-nose-rhinoplasty-buccal-mucosal-grafts-serve-as-a-powerful-tool
#17
Andreas Kehrer, Tim H J Nijhuis, Pál Pesthy, Sten Willemsen, René Poublon, Jacques J J N M van der Meulen
OBJECTIVE:   Our aim was to analyze our technique of a modified rotational advancement in conjunction with buccal mucosal grafts (BMGs) in a subgroup of severe cleft cases. DESIGN:   A retrospective clinical and photographic evaluation was conducted. Columella angle (CA) and tip projection (TPR) served as instruments in a photometric analysis. SETTING:   Academic university hospital and specialized craniofacial cleft center. PATIENTS:   At the time of the secondary rhinoplasty, 61 cleft patients were included, all 17 years or older...
January 10, 2017: Cleft Palate-craniofacial Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28070788/developmental-markers-of-genetic-liability-to-autism-in-parents-a-longitudinal-multigenerational-study
#18
Molly Losh, Gary E Martin, Michelle Lee, Jessica Klusek, John Sideris, Sheila Barron, Thomas Wassink
Genetic liability to autism spectrum disorder (ASD) can be expressed in unaffected relatives through subclinical, genetically meaningful traits, or endophenotypes. This study aimed to identify developmental endophenotypes in parents of individuals with ASD by examining parents' childhood academic development over the school-age period. A cohort of 139 parents of individuals with ASD were studied, along with their children with ASD and 28 controls. Parents' childhood records in the domains of language, reading, and math were studied from grades K-12...
January 9, 2017: Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28069744/coeliac-disease-screening-is-suboptimal-in-a-tertiary-gastroenterology-setting
#19
Heba Iskandar, Darrell M Gray, Hongha Vu, Faiz Mirza, Mary Katherine Rude, Kara Regan, Adil Abdalla, Srinivas Gaddam, Sami Almaskeen, Michael Mello, Evelyn Marquez, Claire Meyer, Ahmed Bolkhir, Navya Kanuri, Gregory Sayuk, C Prakash Gyawali
BACKGROUND AND AIMS: Coeliac disease (CD) is widely prevalent in North America, but case-finding techniques currently used may not be adequate for patient identification. We aimed to determine the adequacy of CD screening in an academic gastroenterology (GI) practice. METHODS: Consecutive initial visits to a tertiary academic GI practice were surveyed over a 3-month period as a fellow-initiated quality improvement project. All electronic records were reviewed to look for indications for CD screening according to published guidelines...
January 9, 2017: Postgraduate Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28068954/cognitively-and-physically-demanding-exergaming-to-improve-executive-functions-of-children-with-attention-deficit-hyperactivity-disorder-a-randomised-clinical-trial
#20
Valentin Benzing, Mirko Schmidt
BACKGROUND: Attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) is one of the most common mental disorders observed in childhood and adolescence. Its key symptoms - reduced attention, poor control of impulses as well as increased motor activity - are associated with decreased executive functions performance, finally affecting academic achievement. Although drug treatments usually show some effect, alternative treatments are continually being sought, due to lack of commitment and possible side effects...
January 10, 2017: BMC Pediatrics
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