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Emergency Ultrasonography

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28920131/reversible-causes-in-cardiovascular-collapse-at-the-emergency-department-using-ultrasonography-revive-us
#1
Mui Teng Chua, Gene Wh Chan, Win Sen Kuan
INTRODUCTION: Ultrasonographic evaluation of patients in cardiac arrest is currently not protocolised in the advanced cardiac life support (ACLS) algorithm. Potentially reversible causes may be identified using bedside ultrasonography that is ubiquitous in most emergency departments (EDs). This study aimed to evaluate the incidence of sonographically detectable reversible causes of cardiac arrest by incorporating an ultrasonography protocol into the ACLS algorithm. Secondary objectives include rates of survival to hospital admission, hospital discharge, and 30-day mortality...
August 2017: Annals of the Academy of Medicine, Singapore
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28910212/feasibility-of-paramedic-performed-prehospital-lung-ultrasound-in-medical-patients-with-respiratory-distress
#2
Torben K Becker, Christian Martin-Gill, Clifton W Callaway, Francis X Guyette, Christopher Schott
OBJECTIVE: Prehospital ultrasound is not yet widely implemented. Most studies report on convenience samples and trauma patients, often by prehospital physicians or critical care clinicians. We assessed the feasibility of paramedic performed prehospital lung ultrasound in medical patients with respiratory distress. METHODS: Paramedics at 2 ambulance stations in the city of Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania, USA underwent a 2-hour training session in prehospital lung ultrasound using the SonoSite iViz, a handheld ultrasound device...
September 14, 2017: Prehospital Emergency Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28905861/giant-cell-arteritis-and-polymyalgia-rheumatica-current-challenges-and-opportunities
#3
REVIEW
Christian Dejaco, Elisabeth Brouwer, Justin C Mason, Frank Buttgereit, Eric L Matteson, Bhaskar Dasgupta
The fields of giant cell arteritis (GCA) and polymyalgia rheumatica (PMR) have advanced rapidly, resulting in a new understanding of these diseases. Fast-track strategies and improved awareness programmes that prevent irreversible sight loss through early diagnosis and treatment are a notable advance. Ultrasonography and other imaging techniques have been introduced into routine clinical practice and there have been promising reports on the efficacy of biologic agents, particularly IL-6 antagonists such as tocilizumab, in treating these conditions...
September 14, 2017: Nature Reviews. Rheumatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28900548/a-case-of-female-acute-urinary-retention-presenting-to-the-ed
#4
Kylen Swartzberg, Ahmed Adam, Feroza Motara, Abdullah E Laher
INTRODUCTION: Acute urinary retention is a rare occurrence in women necessitating further investigation. Potential underlying causes may be broadly classified into obstructive, neurological, pharmacological, and psychogenic categories. CASE: A 36-year-old nulliparous female presented to the Emergency Department with a two-day history of acute urinary retention. Point-of-care ultrasonography and CT scan imaging confirmed the presence of a large uterine mass causing compression of the bladder...
2017: Case Reports in Emergency Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28898139/point-of-care-ultrasound-its-growing-application-in-hospital-medicine
#5
Aidan Kingwill, Graham Barker, Adrian Wong
Point-of-care ultrasound is emerging as an important adjunct to the clinical examination. Ultrasonography has long been seen as a modality for experts but this is changing and it is hoped that, with appropriate training, point-of-care ultrasound will become a modern-day diagnostic necessity.
September 2, 2017: British Journal of Hospital Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28890277/-prenatal-diagnosis-of-abdominal-wall-defects
#6
H El Mhabrech, H Ben Hmida, H Charfi, A Zrig, C Hafsa
Anterior abdominal wall defects (AAWD) correspond to a wide spectrum of congenital defects affecting 6.3/10,000 pregnancies. They have in common a closure defect of the anterior abdominal wall and can be fatal or expose the fetus and the neonate (NN) to many complications. This study was based on a retrospective study of 22 cases of AAWD collected between May 2009 and December 2014. Its purpose was to specify the importance of prenatal ultrasonography in the diagnosis and prognosis assessment of these defects...
September 7, 2017: Archives de Pédiatrie: Organe Officiel de la Sociéte Française de Pédiatrie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28885957/blunt-scrotal-trauma-in-soldiers-epidemiology-and-outcome
#7
Misgav Rottenstreich, Ofer N Gofrit
INTRODUCTION: Blunt scrotal trauma (BST) is common among soldiers but its incidence and outcome are unknown. The purpose of this study was to estimate the incidence, clinical findings, and outcome of BST in soldiers referred to a primary care field physician. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The medical records of soldiers in their military services who sustained BST and were evaluated by primary care field doctors over a 10-year period were reviewed. Anamnestic data, physical findings, primary care physician decisions, hospitalization, and surgery rates as well as final outcomes were analyzed...
September 2017: Military Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28883228/paget-schroetter-syndrome-resulting-from-thoracic-outlet-syndrome-and-kaatsu-training
#8
Tatsunori Noto, Go Hashimoto, Takahito Takagi, Toru Awaya, Tadashi Araki, Masanori Shiba, Raisuke Iijima, Hidehiko Hara, Masao Moroi, Masato Nakamura, Kaoru Sugi
A 29-year-old woman who worked as a KAATSU (a type of body exercise that involves blood flow restriction) instructor visited our emergency room with a chief complaint of swelling and left upper limb pain. Chest computed tomography (CT) showed non-uniform contrast images corresponding to the site from the left axillary vein to the left subclavian vein; vascular ultrasonography of the upper limb revealed a thrombotic obstruction at the same site, leading to a diagnosis of Paget-Schroetter syndrome (PSS). We herein report our experience with a case of PSS derived from thoracic outlet syndrome (TOS), in a patient who was a KAATSU instructor...
September 6, 2017: Internal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28878833/unusual-entities-of-appendix-mimicking-appendicitis-clinically-emphasis-on-diagnosis-and-treatment
#9
Rikki Singal, Muzzafar Zaman, Bhanu Pratap Sharma
BACKGROUND: Abdomen is considered a magic box or a Pandora box where you will get different, unexpected pathologies along with rare entities. Appendicitis is the commonest emergency in surgery which presents challenges to surgeons because of a myriad list of differential diagnosis including both medical and gynaecological pathologies. Preoperative imaging plays an important role in diagnosis and management. AIMS AND OBJECTIVES: To study the rare atypical anatomical and surgical presentations of appendix in patients with clinical features of appendicitis...
January 2017: Mædica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28874958/endoscopic-ultrasonography-emerging-applications-in-hepatology
#10
REVIEW
Joana Magalhães, Sara Monteiro, Sofia Xavier, Sílvia Leite, Francisca Dias de Castro, José Cotter
The inspection of the liver is a valuable part of the upper endoscopic ultrasonography (EUS) studies, regardless of the primary indication for the examination. The detailed images of the liver segments provided by EUS allows the use of this technique in the study of parenchymal liver disease and even in the diagnosis and classification of focal liver lesions. EUS has also emerged as an important tool in understanding the complex collateral circulation in patients with portal hypertension and their clinical and prognostic value...
August 16, 2017: World Journal of Gastrointestinal Endoscopy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28870394/variability-in-interpretation-of-cardiac-standstill-among-physician-sonographers
#11
Kevin Hu, Nachi Gupta, Felipe Teran, Turandot Saul, Bret P Nelson, Phillip Andrus
STUDY OBJECTIVE: Cardiac standstill on point-of-care ultrasonography has been widely studied as a marker of prognosis in cardiac arrest. Return of spontaneous circulation has been reported in as few as 0% and as many as 45% of patients with cardiac standstill. When explicitly documented, the definition of cardiac activity in these studies varied from any slight change in echogenicity of the myocardium to any kinetic cardiac activity. We hypothesize that the variability in research definitions of cardiac activity may affect interpretation of video clips of patients in cardiac arrest...
September 1, 2017: Annals of Emergency Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28865801/approach-to-acute-heart-failure-in-the-emergency-department
#12
REVIEW
Benton R Hunter, Jennifer Martindale, Osama Abdel-Hafez, Peter S Pang
Acute heart failure (AHF) patients rarely present complaining of 'acute heart failure.' Rather, they initially present to the emergency department (ED) with a myriad of chief complaints, symptoms, and physical exam findings. Such heterogeneity prompts an initially broad differential diagnosis; securing the correct diagnosis can be challenging. Although AHF may be the ultimate diagnosis, the precipitant of decompensation must also be sought and addressed. For those AHF patients who present in respiratory or circulatory failure requiring immediate stabilization, treatment begins even while the diagnosis is uncertain...
August 30, 2017: Progress in Cardiovascular Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28863083/for-the-patient-evolution-in-the-management-of-vascular-trauma
#13
David V Feliciano
There has been an evolution in the diagnosis and management of vascular trauma over the past 100 years. The primary stimulus to these changes has been the increased volume of patients with cervical, truncal, and peripheral vascular injuries during military conflicts and in civilian life.Patients with "hard" signs of a vascular injury are taken to surgery emergently with a few exceptions to be described. In contrast, patients with "soft" signs of a vascular injury undergo a careful physical examination including measurement of vascular index to determine if radiologic imaging is necessary...
August 31, 2017: Journal of Trauma and Acute Care Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28856019/detailed-efsum-recommendations-on-the-scope-of-ultrasound-assessment-in-patients-with-portal-hypertension-considering-the-diagnostic-reference-level
#14
REVIEW
Andrzej Smereczyński, Katarzyna Kołaczyk
An important paper describing the Standards of the Polish Ultrasound Society regarding the assessment of portal and hepatic vasculature was published in the Journal of Ultrasonography. Due to the multiplicity of morphological and hemodynamic data required, the time needed to obtain these data and the legal responsibility of doctors for the results, there seems to be a need to determine a clear range of the assessed parameters depending on the reference level of a given healthcare facility. Therefore, the aim of the paper was to present the EFSUMB recommendations on the range of the evaluated ultrasonographic parameters in portal hypertension depending on the reference level...
June 2017: Journal of Ultrasonography
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28855585/nonalcoholic-fatty-liver-disease-and-coronary-artery-calcification-in-a-northern-chinese-population-a-cross-sectional-study
#15
Rina Wu, Feng Hou, Xiaomin Wang, Yong Zhou, Kai Sun, Youxin Wang, Henghui Liu, Jing Wu, Ruiping Zhao, Jiang Hu
Nonalcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD) has become an emerging health issue with a high prevalence in general population. The cross-sectional study was performed to investigate the association between NAFLD and coronary artery calcification (CAC) in individuals from northern city of China. A total of 2345 participants aged ≥40 (1035 men and 1310 women) were selected from the Jidong community of Tangshan city. Liver ultrasonography was used to the diagnosis of NAFLD. A 64-slice CT scanner was used to determine coronary artery calcification score (CACS), with CACS > 0 defined to be the presence of CAC...
August 30, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28852453/myomectomies-for-massive-hemoperitoneum-from-spontaneous-bleeding-of-a-uterine-myoma
#16
I Kassegne, K Kolani, B Tchangai, K Kanassoua, K Adabra, F Alassani, A K Amavi, E D J Dosseh
Massive hemoperitoneum from spontaneous bleeding of uterine myoma is an extremely rare condition, that needs urgent surgical exploration. We report a 40-year-old woman, admitted for acute onset of abdominal pain. Physical examination revealed hypovolemic shock. The hemoglobin level was of 5 g/dL. Ultrasonography revealed hemoperitoneum. Emergency surgical exploration was planned. There was hemoperitoneum of 3 L, uterine myomas with multiple subserous myomas, bleeding from superficial ruptured varice overlying the most largest subserous myoma, which measured 15 cm...
July 2017: Journal of Surgical Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28845494/quantitative-doppler-in-musculoskeletal-ultrasonography-suboptimal-performance-of-both-experienced-and-in-training-sonographers-in-selection-of-the-highest-doppler-signal-image-from-cine-loops
#17
Florian Berghea, Violeta Vlad, Lavinia Palanciuc, Mihaela Micu, Violeta Bojinca, Florentin Vreju, Luminita Enache, Monica Copotoiu, Alexandra Kosevoi, Teodora Serban, Denisa Stanciu, Mihai Abobului, Andreea Borangiu, Camelia Elena Berghea, Andra Rodica Balanescu, Ruxandra Ionescu
AIMS: Doppler ultrasonography assessment is mandatory nowadays for the complete description of rheumatic disease activity. Initially it was performed in semi quantitative way but recently the (fully) quantitative assessment is gaining more interest. In quantitative assessment, the ratio between total colorized and total pixels (CTR) is computed for the whole image or just for the region of interest (ROI). The frame with the highest amount of Doppler signal (also called worst case scenario image - WCSI) is usually the only one analyzed...
May 10, 2017: Medical Ultrasonography
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28844655/a-missed-diagnosis-of-multiple-intraocular-foreign-bodies-for-21-years
#18
Xubo Yang, Chunling Liu, Longqian Liu, Lanlan Zhang
A 30-year-old patient went to the emergency department because of a chemical burn to the left eye more than 10 days ago by toilet cleanser. Surprisingly, a small piece of glass was found in the inferior anterior chamber in the same eye. The visual acuity was counting fingers. There was conjunctival congestion, corneal oedema and Descemet's membrane striae. And there was also a corneal leukoma around 4 to 5 o'clock. Through repeated questioning he recalled that he was injured by an exploded light bulb around 21 years ago...
August 24, 2017: Contact Lens & Anterior Eye: the Journal of the British Contact Lens Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28843866/comparing-two-different-techniques-of-rectus-sheath-block-after-single-port-laparoscopic-surgery-in-benign-adnexal-mass-patients-surgical-versus-ultrasonography-guidance-a-randomized-single-blind-case-controlled-study
#19
Woosuk Chung, Yeomyung Yoon, Jae Woo Kim, Sun In Kwon, Jung Bo Yang, Ki Hwan Lee, Heon Jong Yoo
OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study was to compare the analgesic effect of surgical bilateral rectus sheath block (BRSB) and ultrasonography-guidance BRSB in patients undergoing single port laparoscopic surgery (SPLS) for ovarian cyst. STUDY DESIGN: Seventy-five patients were randomly allocated into three groups: the control and ultrasound (US)-guidance group (n=25, each) received BRSB with 10ml of normal saline or 0.5% ropivacaine bilaterally under US guidance at the end of surgery, respectively; the surgical group (n=25) received BRSB with10ml of 0...
August 18, 2017: European Journal of Obstetrics, Gynecology, and Reproductive Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28835425/polycystic-ovary-syndrome-with-asynchronous-bilateral-adnexal-torsion-in-a-natural-cycle
#20
Shozo Matsuoka, Toru Kobayashi, Soshi Kusunoki, Daiki Ogishima
Cases involving polycystic ovaries (PCOs) with adnexal torsion in a natural cycle without ovulation induction are rare, and no reports of such cases have described asynchronous bilateral adnexal torsion. Here, we report a case of PCO syndrome (PCOS) with asynchronous bilateral adnexal torsion in a natural cycle. The patient was a 37-year-old woman with a history of 2 gravidas 1 para. Her primary complaint was left lower abdominal pain. Ultrasonography and MRI identified multiple uterine myomas occupying the pelvis and the left ovary, with oedematous swelling that had moved ventrally to the uterus...
August 23, 2017: BMJ Case Reports
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